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FOR REFERENCE 

Do Not Take From This Room 




A HISTORY OF 

SAVANNAH 

AND 

SOUTH GEORGIA 



BY 

WILLIAM HARDEN 



VOLUME II 



ILLUSTRATED 



27192. 



THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

CHICAGO AND NEW YORK 
1913 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/histsavanna02hard 




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FUUM TIH 

. | , . . . 



■ ' 



History of 
Savannah and South Georgia 



Ancestors op Wtmberley Jones De Renne. The first of the Jones 
family to come out from England to America was Dr. Noble Jones, the 
great-great-grandfather of Wymberley Jones De Renne, at present 
living upon the old family estate, Wormsloe Plantation, near Savan- 
nah. Dr. Noble Jones was the father of Noble Wymberley Jones, the 
grandfather of Dr. George Jones, and the great-grandfather of George 
Wymberley Jones De Renne. Hereafter follow accounts in greater or 
less detail of the lives of each of these gentlemen, who have since their 
earliest connection with America been makers of her history, and prom- 
inent and successful in a high degree. 

Dr. Noble Jones was bred to the profession of physic and lived at 
Lambeth, a village in the County of Surrey, situated on the south side 
of the river Thames, opposite Westminster, in which county his an- 
cestors were born and resided. Being intimately acquainted with Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe, he was induced by the general to accompany him on 
his first voyage to America in 1732. This friendship lasted all their 
lives. After General Oglethorpe returned to England to live, he sent 
Colonel Jones his portrait, with his Indian pupil standing by his side, 
reading. This portrait was lost when Savannah was captured by the 
English. 

Dr. Noble Jones' family then consisted only of his wife and two chil- 
dren — a daughter and a son, Noble Wymberley Jones. It was his first 
intention to accompany the general without his family, but his wife 
objected to being left. Having promised the General to accompany 
him, he concluded to bring his family, not however, with an intention 
of remaining permanently, but after his arrival he was so pleased with 
the country that he decided to stay. Before leaving England, Doctor 
Jones, by deeds, to which the seal of the corporation of the Trustees of 
the Colony of Georgia was affixed, was appointed, November 7, 1732, 
conservator of the peace, and on the' next day, November 8, 1732, he 
was appointed recorder in the place of Thomas Christie. How long he 
remained recorder is not certain, but he still held that office in 1735, 
and was succeeded by Thomas Christie. He was appointed surveyor 
by General Oglethorpe February 1, 1734, but did not give satisfaction 
and was discharged by the trustees and also suspended from the office 
of constable, which he had held for some time. To the last office he was 
soon re-appointed. That he was a good surveyor was testified to by Mr. 
Stephens in a letter to 'the trustees December 31, 1740. Other letters 
endorsed Mr. Stephens' opinion. He was also appointed by General 
Oglethorpe "Agent for the Indians," and for Tomo-chi-chi in partic- 
ular. 

533 



534 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

During this time he was very active protecting the southern frontier. 
He writes to General Oglethorpe July 6, 1735: "I have been twice to 
the most southern parts of the province ; the first time upon an alarm 
with about fifty men (all volunteers except ye scout boat), the particu- 
lars of which voyage (for fear of false account comes to your hands) I 
will send by next. The second time was with Captain Dunbar, who, I 
do not doubt, has informed you thereof before now." 

The constables were responsible for the colonists attending to their 
military duties, and Jones and Pallowfield are mentioned as the two 
constables "in whom the civil and military power was lodged." Each 
of these two controlled three wards. 

On the 10th of April, 1738, Mr. Stephens writes: "The two consta- 
bles, Jones and Fallowfield (which was all we had), came early to town 
on the present occasion, conferring on the affair they came about, which 
was more immediately to look into the condition of the arms. It was 
resolved (for experiment's sake) to order the drum to beat immediately 
to arms, that thereby we might see how alert the people were and what 
number would get together on a sudden without previous notice. It was 
so done, and in less than an hour's time we saw eighty odd men in the 
center of the town with their proper arms, well appointed, and all able 
men, freeholders. Such as were absent were, almost every man, abroad 
busy planting." 

. When General Oglethorpe invaded Florida and laid siege to St. 
Augustine, some forty volunteers under Noble Jones joined the South 
Carolina regiment, in which he held a lieutenant's commission. On their 
return the company was disbanded in Savannah, according to the Gen- 
eral's orders, and Noble Jones was sent to Charleston to collect the pay 
due them. 

Soon after Noble Jones' arrival in the colony, he leased from the 
trustees the southern end of the Isle of Hope ; later he received a grant 
from the trustees, which, in turn, was exchanged for a royal grant when 
the crown took charge of the colony. He named his place Wormsloe 
and built on it a watch house to protect Jones' Narrows. Later he built 
a large, tabby fort, the ruins of which are still well defined. This fort 
was successfully defended by his daughter Mary against a party of 
Indians during her father's absence. The other two-thirds of the Isle 
of Hope were owned by Messrs. Fallowfield and Parker. All three 
acted as magistrates at the same time "by Colonel Oglethorpe's orders 
until the trustees' further pleasure be known." Wormsloe is mentioned 
in the London Magazine of August, 1745; "We arrived in somewhat 
more than two days at the Narrows, where there is a kind of Manehic- 
olas Fort for their defense, garrisoned from Wormsloe, where we soon 
arrived. It is the settlement of Mr. Jones, ten miles southeast of Savan- 
nah, and we could not help observing, as we passed, several pretty plan- 
tations. Wormsloe is one of the most agreeable spots I ever saw. ami 
the improvements of that ingenious man are very extraordinary. He 
commands a company of marines who are quartered in huts near his 
place, which is a tolerable defensive place with small arms. From this 
house thcn> is a vista of near three miles cut through the woods to Mr. 
Whitefield's orphan house, which has a very fine effect on the sight." 

When the Spaniards invaded Georgia in 1742. Noble Jones who was 
in command of a company of scouts with General Oglethorpe's regimen! 
on St. Simons, prepared to resist the Spanish army which had landed 
there. It was through his vigilance that General Oglethorpe was en- 
abled to surprise and thoroughly defeat them at Bloody Marsh. Cap- 
tain McCall gives the following account of this affair: "Capt. Noble 
Jones, with a detachment of regulars and Indians, being out on a scout- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 535 

ing expedition, fell in with a small detachment of the enemy's advance, 
who were surprised and made prisoners. From these prisoners informa- 
tion was obtained that the whole Spanish army was advancing. This 
was immediately communicated by an Indian runner to the General, who 
detached Captain Dunbar with a company of grenadiers to join the 
Regulars and Indians, with orders to harass the enemy on their advance. 
These detachments, having formed a junction, observed at a distance 
the Spanish army on the march, and, taking a favorable position near 
a marsh, formed an ambuscade. The enemy fortunately halted within 
one hundred paces of this position, stacked their arms and made tires 
and were preparing their kettles for cooking when a horse observed 
some of the party in ambuscade, and, frightened at the uniform of the 
soldiers, began to snort and gave the alarm. The Spaniards ran to their 
arms, but were shot down in great numbers by Oglethorpe's detachment, 
who continued invisible to the enemy, and after repeated attempts to 
form, in which some of their prominent officers fell, they fled with the 
utmost precipitation, leaving their camp equipage on the field, and 
never halted until they got under cover of the guns of their battery 
and ships." 

The first official notice of the appointment of Noble Jones as a cap- 
tain was on the 21st of March, 1842-43. Egmont's Journal has this 
reference : ' ' Noble Jones, made a captain by Oglethorpe, ' ' but he ful- 
filled the duties of a captain, and was so called before that date. After 
his return from the Spanish campaign he seems to have devoted himself 
to his scout boat duties (captain of which he had been named by Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe), and to the improvement of Wormsloe. He raised 
mulberry trees and silk worms, and the colony in a measure depended 
upon him for worm seed. 

He and Captain Demetree cruised together with scout boats to in- 
tercept unlawful trading at Tybee. On December 22, 1739, "with boat 
well armed he captured a schooner in Ossybaw Sound and carried her 
around to Tybee." 

Meanwhile, he did not neglect his military duties in Savannah, and 
when in 1749 Mary Musgrave, now Mary Bosomworth, assumed the 
title of Independent Empress, and, putting herself at the head of a 
large body of warriors, set out for Savannah to demand from the presi- 
dent and council a formal acknowledgment of her assumed rights the 
militia was ready to receive her. President Stephens put the town into 
the best state of defense possible and received the Indians boldly. Jones' 
History of Georgia says : ' ' The militia was ordered under arms, and as 
the Indians entered town Capt. Noble Jones at the head of a troop of 
horses stopped them and demanded to know whether their visit was of 
a friendly or hostile nature. Receiving no reply he commanded them 
to ground their arms, declaring that his instructions were not to suffer 
an armed Indian to set foot in the town, and that he was determined 
to enforce the order at every hazard. The Indians reluctantly sub- 
mitted. Later, at their solicitations, their arms were returned to them, 
but strict orders were issued not to allow them any ammunition. When 
at last an amicable adjustment of existing difficulties had been effected, 
Mary, drunk with liquor, rushed into the Assembly and told the presi- 
dent that the Indians were her people and that he had no business with 
them. Mary had been arrested and locked up and had just been released. 
The president calmly threatened to confine her again. Turning to Mal- 
achte in a great rage, she repeated to him with some ill-natured com- 
ments what the president had said. Malatche thereupon sprung from 
his seat, laid hold of his arms, and calling upon the rest to follow his 
example, dared any man to touch his queen. In a moment the whole 



536 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

house was filled with tumult and uproar. Every Indian having a 
tomahawk in his hand, the president expected nothing but instant death. 
During this confusion, Capt. Noble Jones, who commanded the guard, 
with wonderful courage interposed and ordered the Indians immediately 
to surrender their arms. This they reluctantly did. Mary was con- 
veyed to a private room, where a guard was placed over her, and all 
further communication with the Indians was denied her during her 
stay in Savannah." 

About this time the expediency of subordinating Georgia to South 
Carolina was in certain high quarters seriously discussed and gave the 
trustees some concern. Before they could communicate with President 
Stephens, Captain Demetree landed at Causton's Bluff with boats, 
which, having brought the last of Oglethorpe's disbanded regiment to 
Charleston on their way to England, were returning to Frederiea in 
his charge. He had a small detachment of ten or twelve men and said 
that he was on his way to Frederiea to assume command at that point ; 
that he took orders only from the governor of South Carolina, and that 
the trustees were cognizant of the fact. As he failed to report to the 
president and his assistants and disclose to them his orders or his inten- 
tions, they were at a loss to understand his extraordinary conduct and 
ordered Capt. Noble Jones to wait upon him and demand an explanation 
of and an apology for his discourtesy. Captain Demetree 's reply to 
Captain Jones was that he was acting under the instructions from His 
Grace, the Duke of Bedford, and that he was to receive his orders from 
and report only to the governor of South Carolina. He reluctantly 
appeared before the council in answer to their summons. After Cap- 
tain Demetree had made ample apology to the council, he was permitted 
to assume command of the military forces stationed at Frederiea. The 
annexation of Georgia to South Carolina was to be accomplished at this 
time by stationing officers from three independent South Carolina com- 
panies in proper places in Georgia, "to preserve the possession of the 
province. ' ' 

On July 13, 1750, the trustees recommended to the common council 
that Noble Jones be appointed an assistant in and for the province 
of Georgia, and the appointment under seal was sent to him Julv 16, 
1750. 

On April 18, 1751, the trustees recommended to the common council 
his appointment as Register of the Province, and his appointment fol- 
lowed on May 24, 1751. 

About the middle of May of this year news came from Augusta 
that there was fear of an Indian invasion. ' ' Accordingly the Magazine 
was examined, officers were appointed and ordered to muster and discip- 
line the militia, a troop of horses was ordered to be raised composed 
of such inhabitants as were possessed of three hundred acres of land. 
Noble Jones was appointed Colonel, and his son, Noble Wymberley 
Jones, who had been a cadet in Oglethorpe's regiment, was appointed 
to command the Dragoons." 

The alarm was exaggerated, but it served to bring out the militia. 
which consisted of 220 men, infantry and cavalry, and when they 
paraded (on the 16th of April, 1751, under the then Capt. Noble Jones) 
they "behaved well and made a pretty appearance." Noble Jones 
was appointed to "accompany Mr, Robinson in his inquiry into the state 
of the colony." According to Mr. Habersham, he was a stiff church- 
man and took a great deal of voluntary trouble in building the church, 
and in all church matters greatly aiding his friend. Rev. Mr. Zouber- 
buhler. 

In the last year of the trustee's government of the colony, he was 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 537 

captain of the Marines and scout boat at Wormsloe, assistant to the' 
president, register of the province, commissioner to treat with the 
Indians, member of the council to report on the state of the colony, and 
colonel of the regiment. 

The trustees surrendered the colony to the British government on 
the 23d of June, 1752, and Benjamin Martin was appointed agent of the 
colony in England. Upon the death of President Parker, who had 
succeeded President Stephens (the first president of the colony appointed 
m April, 1741), Patrick Graham became president. His assistants were 
James Habersham, Noble Jones, Pickering Robinson and Francis Harris. 

On the 6th of August, 1754, Capt. John Reynolds was appointed 
governor of the province and Noble Jones was confirmed as member of 
councils. On the 27th of November, 1754, Governor Reynolds, with 
the advice of the board, appointed Noble Jones and William Spencer, 
esquires, judges to hold the approaching court of oyer and terminer, 
and on December 12, 1754, Noble Jones and Jonathan Bryan were 
appointed as judges to hold the first general court in the province. 

On March 29, 1757, "Noble Jones of His Majesty's Council, was 
appointed one of the new commissioners of the peace." This appoint- 
ment was made before the Lords of Trade had heard from Governor 
Reynolds, who on Wednesday, December 15, 1756 "acquainted the 
board that he had thought proper to suspend Noble Jones, Esq., from 
all offices, for reasons which he would lay before the king." Governor 
Reynolds "removed Mr. Noble Jones from the board and bench to gratify 
Mr. Little, and it is positively affirmed, to promote the establishment 
of Bosomworth's titles to the Indian lands with a view to sharing the 
spoils." Governor Reynolds was summoned to England to answer for 
his conduct in Georgia. He embarked in a merchant vessel in February, 
1757, resigning the government into the hands of Lieutenant Governor 
Henry Ellis, who became governor in chief on May 17, 1758. Noble 
Jones was re-instated by an order of the English council to Governor 
Ellis May 31, 1759, with his former precedence as councillor and also 
as senior justice of the general court. 

Under Governor Ellis he was one of His Majesty's council, senior 
justice of the general court, colonel of the regiment and treasurer of 
the province, having been appointed to this last office by Governor Ellis 
on the 16th of February, 1760. "He had no salary, but a commission 
of five per cent, which on the last year's tax amounted to sixty- five 
pounds sterling, and may this year amount to eighty pounds. " Governor 
Ellis resigned his office on account of ill-health and handed over the 
government to Lieutenant-Governor James Wright, who was appointed 
governor in chief on the 20th of March, 1761. In the following letter 
to the Lords of the board of trade, Governor Wright commends Noble 
Jones' services as chief justice of the colony after Mr. Simpson's death 
and before Mr. Anthony Stokes ' arrival : 

Savannah, Ga., Sept. 28, 1769. 
"My Lords: — I take the liberty to acquaint your lordships that 
Noble Jones, Esq., senior judge of the courts here, has in every respect 
done and performed the office and duties of chief justice from 20th of 
October, 1768, when Mr. Simpson died, to the arrival of Mr. Stokes ; and 
although Mr. Jones was not bred to the law, yet I believe that justice 
only was administered during that time and with integrity, and I have 
not heard any complaint made or fault found with his conduct. I 
therefore submit to your lordships whether it may not be reasonable 
that Mr. Jones shall receive the salary from the death of Mr. Simpson 
to the appointment of Mr. Stokes, and half of it from the appointment 



538 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEOKGIA 

of .Mr. Stokes to his arrival here. I have given Mr. Jones two certificates 
of his having done his duty here and have the honor to be, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient and obliging servant, 

James Wright, 
The Right Honorable Lords of Trade." 

On the 10th of July, 1771, Governor Wright availed himself of a 
leave of absence, and three days afterward Mr. James Habersham took 
the usual oath of office and entered upon the discharge of the guberna- 
torial duties. 

In a long letter to the Earl of Hillsborough, Governor Habersham 
relates that the assembly had against royal orders elected Noble Wyin- 
berley Jones, the son of Noble Jones, three times speaker in succes- 
sion, and that they refused to leave this fact out of their minutes on 
the subsequent election of Archibald Bulloch, and that he had dissolved 
the assembly. Noble Wymberley Jones was as ardent a patriot as Noble 
Jones, his father, was a thorough Royalist. His opposition to the crown 
and his upholding of the cause of liberty seems to have embittered 
Mr. Habersham, who, not able to punish the son, brought his spleen to 
bear upon the father. He writes to the Earl of Hillsborough, April 30, 
1772: "My Lord, it is very painful to me to say or even insinuate a 
disrespectful word of anyone, and every person who knows me will 
acknowledge that it is contrary to my disposition to dip my pen in gall; 
but I can not help considering Mr. Jones ' conduct for some time past in 
opposing public business as very ungrateful and unworthy of a good 
man, as his family have reaped more advantages from government than 
any one I know in this province. He was several years first lieutenant 
and sergeant in a company of rangers paid by the crown, and in these 
capacities met with great indulgence. His father is the king's treasurer, 
and if I am not mistaken, reaps very considerable emoluments from it. 
But his accounts have never been clearly stated and examined by any 
assembly that I know of; and such an inquiry may not be agreeable. 
Governor Wright in his speech to the assembly in October, 1770, recom- 
mended our financial and public accounts to be examined entire but that 
assembly was dissolved in February following and no steps taken there- 
in, and many people suspect that this very necessary examination 
operates with some to retard and impede progress. I sincerely meant 
to recommend this inquiry to the late assembly in the strongest terms, 
and as we now have no assembly I shall require the treasurer to lay 
before me in council a clear account of the produce of our funds, also 
the certificates that have been issiaed for different purposes, and of 
every account that may be necessary to post me with the state of the 
treasury, and after that is done I shall pursue such measures as seem 
necessary for the service of his majesty and the province, of which I 
shall inform your lordship." 

That the treasurer's accounts were examined and approved of at 
times by the deputy auditor and the governor, is shown by a treasury 
account signed "Noble Jones, treasurer," February 26, 1767. Audited 
by Gray Elliott, Det. And. Gen., 6th February, and approved by James 
Wright 10th of February. 

On further deliberation Mr. Habersham either found out that the 
accounts had been audited, or that an investigation was unnecessary, 
as there is no record of one having taken place — and as Noble Jones 
continued treasurer until the day of his death, which occurred three 
years afterward, it would seem reasonable to suppose that Mr. Haber- 
sham's fears were groundless. During Governor Wright's administra- 
tion he took part in all important matters appertaining to Georgia, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 539 

and his fidelity and absolute devotion to the crown were unswerving. 
In a card appearing in the Georgia Gazette, September 7, 1774, his 
name appears with James Habersham, Josiah Tattnall and ninety-three 
others, criticizing the meeting at Tondee's Tavern in Savannah, and pro- 
testing that the resolutions there should not be adopted as reflecting the 
sentiments of the people of Georgia. He performed his judicial duties 
up to the last. Upon the assembling of the general court on the loth of 
October, 1775, one of the jurors summoned refused to be sworn. Others 
"behaved insolently," and the conduct of the business was practically 
obstructed. Mr. Noble Jones, one of the associate justices, was then 
"lying extremely ill." He died on the second of November following, 
at Wormsloe, and was buried near the fort on the place he loved so 
well. His remains were removed from Wormsloe to the colonial bury- 
ing ground in Savannah, and later to Bonaventure cemetery near 
Savannah. His death was hastened by the dissensions among the Colon- 
ists ; he could not sympathize with the idea of separation from or 
independence of the mother country, and he saw nothing but storms 
and trouble ahead for his beloved Georgia. During a long life, in which 
he held nearly every office in the province, if he was found fault with 
he never failed upon investigation of the charges against him to rise 
higher in the public esteem. Notwithstanding the zealous patriotism 
of Noble Wymberly Jones, he was a devoted son, and though then first 
elected a member of the continental congress, remained with his father 
at Wormsloe until the latter 's death. On Noble Jones' tombstone at 
Bonaventure cemetery is inscribed the following : 

NOBLE JONES, of Wormsloe, Esq., 



SENIOR JUDGE OF THE GENERAL COURT AND ACTING CHIEF 
JUSTICE OF THE PROVINCE OF GEORGIA. 



FOR TWENTY-ONE YEARS MEMBER AND SOMETIMES PRESI- 
DENT OF HIS MAJESTY'S COUNCIL. 



COLONEL OF THE FIRST GEORGIA REGIMENT. 



DIED NOVEMBER 2, 1775. AGED 73. 

W. J. DE RENNE. 



Noble Wymberley Jones, already mentioned in connection with some 
of the more important concerns of the Province of Georgia, was born 
near London, England, in 1723. Coming to Georgia at a tender age 
he secured an appointment as a cadet in Oglethorpe's regiment. Hav- 
ing studied medicine and received his degree, he was promoted to first 
lieutenant, and with the rank and pay of surgeon, was assigned to a 
company of rangers in the pay of the crown. After a few years passed 
in military service he resigned from the army and entered upon the 
practice of his profession in Savannah. He arose rapidly in the public 
esteem as a citizen and physician, winning golden opinions from the 
community. No idle spectator of passing events or indifferent to politi- 
cal preferment, he was in 1768 elected speaker of the Lower House of 
the Assembly of the Province of Georgia. By that body he was placed 
upOn a committee to correspond with Dr. Benjamin Franklin— who 
had been appointed an agent "to represent, solicit and truthfully 
account the affairs of the colony of Georgia in Great Britain" — and 
gave such instructions as might appear necessary for the public wel- 



540 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

fare. Re-elected to this position iu 1770, so pronounce'd and influential 
had become his views and conduct in opposition to the objectionable 
and oppressive acts of parliament, and in support of American ideals, 
that Governor Wright, exercising the power vested in him, refused to 
sanction this choice and ordered the house to select another speaker. 

Incensed at this affront offered to one who had been aptly termed 
the Morning Star of Liberty in Georgia, and resenting what they 
deemed an unwarrantable interference with the power resting solely 
with them to nominate and judge of the qualifications of their own pre- 
siding officer, the members of the house passed resolutions complimen- 
tary to Dr. Jones and declared that the "sense and approbation this 
house entertains of his conduct can never be lessened by any slight cast 
upon him in opposition to the unanimous voice of the Commons House of 
the Assembly in particular and the Province in general." Criticising 
the action of the executive, they resolved "that this rejection by the 
governor of a speaker unanimously elected was a high breach of the 
privileges of the house and tended to subvert the most valued rights 
and liberties of the people and their representatives." This bold asser- 
tion the council was pleased to stigmatize as "a most indecent and 
insolent denial of his majesty's authority," and the governor, wielding 
the only punitive weapon at his command, dissolved the assembly on the 
22d day of February, 1770. 

Adhering to the preference shown on a former occasion, and re- 
solving to rebuke the late interference on the part of the executive, 
at the first session of the eighth General Assembly of the Province, 
convened at Savannah on the 21st day of April, 1772, the Commons 
house perfected its organization by electing Dr. Jones as speaker. 
Officially informed of this action, the Hon. James Habersham, who, 
during the absence of Sir James Wright, was occupying the guber- 
natorial chair, responded: "I have his Majesty's commands to put a 
negative upon the speaker now elected by the Commons House, which 
I accordingly do; and desire that you will inform the house that I 
direct them to proceed to a new choice of speaker. ' ' 

Despite this inhibition, and in direct opposition to the injunction 
of the executive, thrice did the house adhere to its selection; and it was 
only by dissolving the assembly that the governor was able to carry 
his point. It was upon this occasion that Governor Habersham wrote 
the letter of April 30, 1772, to the Earl of Hillsborough, commenting 
at length upon this matter, and which is quoted in the foregoing date 
upon the life of Col. Noble Jones. 

The truth is, that while Gov. Habersham was loyally seeking to 
carry out the instructions of the king and to support the authority of 
Parliament, Dr. Jones "was in sympathy with those who considered 
taxation without representation as wholly unauthorized, and who were 
zealous in maintaining what they regarded as the reserved rights of the 
colonists, and the privileges of provincial legislatures." Both were 
true men but they viewed the situation from different standpoints. 
An honored servant of the crown, Mr. Habersham was confronted with 
peculiar duties and stringent oaths. Dr. Jones, on the contrary, was 
a representative elected by the people, was free to give expression to 
his own views and the sense of his constituents at an epoch when 
American liberty was being freely discussed and proclaimed. Of each 
it may be fairly said that he was pure in purpose, wise in counsel, and 
fearless in action, enjoying in a conspicuous degree the esteem and 
affection of the community. But their political paths henceforward di- 
verged. The one clave to the crown and shared its fortunes, while the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 541 

other cast his lot with the Revolutionists aud became a favored leader 
of the patriot band. 

With Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun and John Walton, he is- 
sued the public call on July 20, 1774, which convened the citizens of 
Georgia at the Watch House in Savannah. The resolutions then adopted, 
and the measures there inaugurated, gathering potency and allegiance as 
they were discussed and comprehended, proved effective in unifying 
public sentiment in support of the plans suggested by the Liberty Party, 
and paved the way for sundering the ties which bound the Province to the 
British empire. Of the committees then raised to conduct the public 
affairs of the colony and to minister to the relief of the "suffering 
poor" of Boston, Noble Wymberley Jones was an active member. He 
was also elected with Archibald Bulloch and John Houstoun, a dele- 
gate to the Continental Congress, by a convention of patriots assembled 
at Savannah on the 8th of December, 1774, and again by the Provin- 
cial Congress of January, 1775. These three, concluding very properly 
that inasmuch as they had been nominated by the political convocation 
which in reality embraced only four of the twelve parishes then con- 
stituting the Province of Georgia, they could not be justly regarded as 
representatives of the entire colony, were yet persuaded that the will 
of those who commissioned them should be formally made known and 
the mind of Georgia be freely interpreted, and on the 6th of April, 
1775, addressed the following communication to the president of the 
Continental Congress: 

' ' Sir : The unworthy part which the Province of Georgia has acted 
in this great contest leaves room to expect little less than censure or 
even indignation of every virtuous man in America. Although on 
the one hand we feel the justice of such a consequence with respect to 
the Province in general, yet on the other hand, we claim an exemption 
• from it in favor of some individuals who wished a better conduct. 
Permit us therefore in behalf of ourselves and many others of our fel- 
low citizens warmly attached to the cause to lay before the respectable 
body over which you preside, a few facts, which we trust will not only 
acquit us of supineness, but also cause our conduct to be approved by 
all candid and dispassionate men. 

"At the time the late congress did this Province the honor to trans- 
mit to it an extract from their proceedings, included in a friendly letter 
from the Honorable Mr. Middleton, the sense and disposition of the 
people in general seemed to fluctuate between liberty and convenience. 
In order to bring on a determination respecting the measures recom- 
mended, few well affected persons in Savannah, by public advertisement 
in the Gazette, requested a meeting of all the parishes and districts by 
delegates or representatives, in Provincial Congress. On the day ap- 
pointed for this meeting, with concern they found that only five out of 
twelve parishes to which they had particularly written, had nominated 
and sent down delegates; and even some of these five had laid their 
representatives under injunctions as to the form of an association. 
Under these circumstances those who met saw themselves a good deal 
embarrassed. However, one expedient seemed still to present itself. 
The house of assembly was then sitting, and it was hoped there would 
be no doubt of a majority in favor of American freedom. The plan 
therefore was to go through what business they could in Provincial 
Congress, and then with a short address to present the same to the 
house of assembly, who it was hoped would by votes in a few minutes 
and before prerogative should interfere, make it the act of the whole 
Province. 



542 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

"Accordingly the congress framed and agreed to such an associa- 
tion and did such other business as appeared practicable with the peo- 
ple, and had the whole just ready to be presented, when the governor, 
cither treacherously informed, or shrewdly suspecting the step, put an 
end to the session. What then, could the congress do ? On the one 
hand, truth forbid them to call their proceedings the voice of the 
Province, there being but five out of twelve of the parishes concerned ; 
on the other, they lacked strength sufficient to enforce them on the 
principle of necessity. They found the inhabitants of Savannah not 
likely soon to give matters a favorable turn. The importers were mostly 
against any interruption and the consumers very much divided. There 
were some of the latter virtuously for the measures ; others strenuously 
against them ; but more that called themselves naturals than either. 
Thus situated, there appeared nothing before us but the alternative 
of either commencing a civil war among ourselves, or else of patiently 
waiting for the measures to be recommended by the general congress. 

"Among a powerful people provided with men, money and con- 
veniences, and by whose conduct others were to be regulated, the former 
would certainly be the result that would suggest itself to every man 
removed from the condition of a coward; but in a small community 
like Savannah (whose members are mostly in their first advance to- 
wards wealth and independence, destitute of even the necessities of life 
within themselves, and from whose junction of silence so little would be 
had or lost to the general cause), the latter presented itself as the most 
eligible plan, and was adopted by the people. Party disputes and ani- 
mosities have occasionally prevailed and show that the spirit of free- 
dom is not extinguished, but only resting for a time until an oppor- 
tunity shall offer for calling it forth. 

"The congress convened at Savannah did us the honor of choosing 
us delegates to meet your respectable body at Philadelphia on the 10th 
of next month. We were sensible of the honor and importance of 
the appointment and would gladly have rendered our country any ser- 
vice our poor abilities would permit of; but alas with what face could 
we have appeared for a Province whose inhabitants had refused to 
sacrifice the most trifling advantages to the public cause, and in whose 
behalf we did not think we could safely pledge ourselves for the exe- 
cution of any measures whatever? 

"We do not mean to insinuate that those who appointed us would 
prove apostate or desert their opinions, but that the tide of opposition 
was great ; that all the strength and virtue of these our friends might 
not be sufficient for the purpose. We beg, sir, you will view our rea- 
sons for not attending in a liberal point of light. Be pleased to make 
the most favorable representation of them to the honorable, the mem- 
bers of congress. We believe we may take upon ourselves the satisfac- 
tion, notwithstanding all that has passed, that there are still men in 
Georgia who, when occasion shall require, will be ready to evince a 
steady allegiance and manly attachment to the liberties of America. 
For the consolation of these they find themselves in the neighborhood 
of a Province whose virtue and magnanimity must and will do lasting 
honor to the cause, and in whose fate they seem disposed freely to 
insolve their own. 

"We have the honor to be. sir. your most obedient and very hum- 
ble servants, 

Noble Wymberley Jones, 
Archibald Bulloch, 
John Houstoun." 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 543 

The news of the affairs at Concord and Lexington reached Savannah 
on the 10th of May and caused the wildest excitement. The thunders 
of the 19th of April aroused the Georgia Parishes from their lethargy 
and multiplied patriots within their borders. The magazines at the 
eastern extremity of Savannah, — built of brick and sunk some twelve 
feet under ground, — contained a considerable amount of ammunition. 
So substantial was thus structure that Governor Wright deemed it 
unnecessary to post a guard for its protection. The excited revolu- 
tionists all over the land cried aloud for powder. Impressed with the 
importance of securing the contents of this magazine, there quietly 
assembled Dr. Noble AVymberley Jones, Joseph Habersham, Edward 
Telfair, William Gibbons, Joseph Clay, John Milledge and some other 
gentlemen, at the residence of Dr. Jones, at a late hour on the night ,of 
the 11th of May, 1775, and proceeding to the magazine, broke it open 
and removed therefrom some six hundred pounds of powder. A portion 
of the rest was sent to Beaufort, South Carolina, for safe keeping, and 
the rest was concealed in the garrets and cellars of the houses of the 
captors. Although Governor Wright offered a reward of one hundred 
and fifty pounds sterling for the apprehension of the offenders, it failed 
to elicit any favor, although the actors in the affair are said to have 
been well known in the council. The tradition lives and is generally 
credited that some of the powder so obtained was forwarded to Cam- 
bridge and was actually expended by the patriots in the memorable battle 
of Bunker Hill. 

On the 22d of June, 1775, in response to a call signed by Dr. N. W. 
Jones, Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun and George Walton, many of 
the inhabitants of the town and district of Savannah assembled at the 
Liberty Pole in Savannah and elected a council of safety with instruc- 
tions to maintain an active correspondence with the continental con- 
gress and with the councils of safety both in Georgia and other prov- 
inces, with a view to bringing about a union of Georgia with her sister 
colonies in the cause of freedom. 

Of the provincial congress which assembled in Savannah on the 
4th of July, 1775, Dr. Jones was a member accredited from the •town 
and district of Savannah." In this congress every parish was repre- 
sented. Dr. Jones was of the committee then selected to frame a suitable 
address to the inhabitants of Georgia, advising them of the true nature 
of the disputes existing between Great Britain and her American colo- 
nies, and informing them of the deliberations and conclusions of the 
present congress. He was also chosen with John Habersham, Archibald 
Bulloch, Rev. Dr. Zubly and Dr. Lyman Hall to represent Georgia in 
the Continental Congress. Georgia was now in acknowledged sympathy 
witli her sisters and took her place by regular representation in the 
national assembly. Of the Council of Safety which ordered the arrest 
of Governor Wright, Dr. Jones was a member. 

Upon the capture of Savannah in December, 1778, Dr. Jones removed 
to Charleston, South Carolina. There, upon the fall of that city in 1780, 
he was taken prisoner by the British and sent in captivity to St. Augus- 
tine, Florida. Exchanged in July. 17S1. he went to Philadelphia and 
there entered upon the practice of his profession. While a resident of 
that city he was elected to the Continental Congress by the General 
Assembly of Georgia. 

Shortly after its evacuation by the king's forces in 1782. Dr. Jones 
returned to Savannah, repaired the desolations which war had wrought 
in his comfortable home, and resumed his professional labors. He was 
a member of the committee which received and saluted President ^Vash- 
ington with an address of welcome upon the occasion of his visit to 



544 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Savannah in 1791. Dr. Jones presided over the constitutional convention 
which assembled at Louisville, Jefferson county, in May, 1795, and 
amended the constitution of Georgia. In 1804 he was president of the 
Georgia Medical Society. He died in Savannah, January 9, 1805, 
honored by the community as an accomplished gentleman, an influential 
citizen, a skillful physician and a sterling patriot. 

Of his son, Dr. George Jones, no fitter expression as to his life and 
work might be made than is embodied in a set of resolutions adopted 
at a meeting of the bar of the federal and state courts, at the court 
house in Savannah, on November 14, 1838, on the day following his 
death. Here is given entire the resolutions adopted on that sad occasion : 
"Dr. George Jones, a distinguished citizen of Savannah, died November 
13, 1838. His career of public service began in early youth. He endured, 
the last two years of the Revolutionary war, the hardships of a soldier, 
and manifested, in confinement on board an English prison ship, the 
fortitude and constancy of a youthful patriot. When the war was 
concluded, though still a very young man, he received strong proofs of 
public confidence by being placed in official relations to his fellow 
citizens, the duties of which required the ability, discretion and industry 
of matured manhood. He was subsequently one of Georgia 's prominent 
legislators, and in the convention which framed our present constitution, 
was a leading member as a delegate from Chatham county. He was 
frequently afterward a member of the general assembly in both branches. 
Its history shows him to have been pure and disinterested, at all times 
inflexible in support of correct principles and in opposition to those 
schemes of personal aggrandizement which were unfortunately corruptly 
consummated by the alienation of the most valuable portion of the 
state's territory. The estimation in which his character and attainments 
were held induced the legislature, though he was not a lawyer, to elect 
him judge of the superior court for the eastern circuit. His demeanor 
as a judge was dignified, courteous and patient, and when he voluntarily 
retired from' the appointment it was regretted by the bar, the officers 
of the court and the public. From the bench he was transferred to the 
senate of the United States. His services in that capacity being ter- 
minated, he was called by general consent to other stations of usefulness. 
"It was truly said of him that he took office from a sense of obligation 
rather than from any desire for distinction. He was for many years 
one of the members of the superior court, and its record showed that he 
was a faithful administrator of its duties, vigilant in all that regarded 
the rights of the widow and orphan. He served efficiently as mayor of 
Savannah for two years, from September, 1812, to September, 1814. 

"He was amiable, philanthropic, considerate, firm, forbearing, deli- 
cate in his intercourse with society. He had a modesty in speech and 
manner, at all times and to all persons, worthy of remembrance and 
imitation, and to these graces were added the belief and humility of a 
Christian. ' ' 

In setting forth details concerning the life of George Wyinberley- 
Jones De Renne, it has seemed expedient to make free quotation of 
excerpts from an address given by a prominent resident of Savannah 
on an occasion of considerable importance. Here follows portions of 
the address referred to; with occasional paraphrase: 

"Although born in the city of Philadelphia on the 19th of July, 
1827, Mr. George Wymberley -Jones DeRenne, was in every thought 
and emotion, a Georgian most loyal. In the paternal line he was the 
direct descendant of Col. Noble Jones, — the trusted lieutenant of 
Oglethorpe, — his great-grandson, to speak in exact terms, and the grand- 
son of Noble Wymberley Jones. And among the patriot names shedding 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 545 

lustre upon the period when our people were engaged in the effort to rid 
themselves of kingly rule, none in Georgia was more conspicuous for 
purity of purpose, wisdom of counsel and fearlessness in action than 
was he. Speaker of the provincial legislature at a time when it was no 
light matter to incur the displeasure of a royal governor, arrested and 
confined because of his sympathy with the revolutionists, and upon the 
termination of the war, selected a representative from Georgia in the 
congress, as physician, legislator, patriot, citizen, he won the confidence 
and esteem of all. 

' ' Thus does it appear that Mr. De Renne was the legitimate inheritor, 
in the fourth generation, of illustrious traditions and of memories per- 
sonal and precious connected with the history and honor of Georgia. 
With him they were family legacies. He accepted them as such, and the 
allegiance which bound him to home and state was inseparable from 
the ties which united him to kindred and lineage. They were indis- 
solubly interwoven, and whenever the name of Georgia was uttered, 
there came heart throbs of loyalty and pride most peculiar and 
pleasureable. 

"The first eleven years of his life, — that tender period when impres- 
sions the most abiding are formed, — when loves are cemented which the 
vicissitudes of subsequent age cannot impair, — that morning of existence 
whose sunlight fades not from memory, — were passed at Wormsloe on 
the Isle of Hope, the abode of his ancestors. There in infancy were his 
loves of Georgia begotten. There was his knowledge of home and 
country localized. There were attachments born which remained ever 
part and parcel of his inner being. 

"When not yet twelve years old, upon the death of his father, he 
accompanied his mother to Philadelphia. There he pursued his academic 
studies and was, in due course, admitted as a member of the collegiate 
department of the University of Pennsylvania. His proficiency in the 
acquisition of knowledge, and his intellectual capabilities attracted the 
notice and evoked the commendation of his teachers. It was natural 
that he should seek an education in that city and from that institution, 
for both were allied to him by ties of no ordinary significance. His 
maternal grandfather, — Justice Thomas Smith, — had been for many 
years a prominent lawyer and a distinguished judge in Philadelphia, 
and his maternal great-uncle, the Rev. William Smith, D.D., was 
the first provost of the institution now known as the University of 
Pennsylvania. He was a noted teacher, an accomplished writer and an 
eloquent divine. A native of Scotland and a graduate of the University 
of Aberdeen, shortly after his removal to America he identified himself 
with all that was progressive and of high repute in the City of Brotherly 
Love. After a long life spent in the rendering of important service 
to the literary, educational and religious interests of the country, he 
died in the city of his adoption on the 14th of May, 1803. His scholarly 
works and the institutions he founded are living monuments to his 
memory. 

"In his maternal home, and upon the benches whence had gone 
forth many who had been instructed by his distinguished relative, Mr. 
De Renne found opportunity for earnest study. Graduating with honor, 
and selecting medicine as the profession best suited to his tastes, he 
became a private pupil of Dr. Samuel Jackson and entered the medical 
school of the University of Pennsylvania. This college was at that time 
probably the most noted in the United States, and the facilities there 
afforded for mastering the mysteries of the healing art were unsurpassed 
this side of the Atlantic. Mr. De Renne 's graduating thesis was entitled 
'Theory Concerning the Nature of Insanity.' It was, in 1847, privately 



546 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

printed, to the number of forty-eight copies, for special distribution. 
Striking in thought and composition is this production, indicating an 
amount of careful research, delicate analysis, and philosophical deduc- 
tion quite uncommon in one who had barely attained unto his majority. 
It elicited the praise of his preceptors, who earnestly hoped that his 
talents and acquirements would be consecrated to the calling which 
sweeps in its high scope the whole range of physical and moral science. 
But with Mr. De Renne there was no intention of applying himself to 
the active pursuit of the profession to the privileges of which he had 
just been admitted as a doctor of medicine. His affections turned to 
his island home beneath the Georgia magnolias, and his thoughts were 
of a quiet, independent life, devoted to the exhibition of hospitality, 
the pursuit of literature, and the enjoyment of dignified repose. 

"Shortly after graduation he repaired to Wormsloe and there fixed 
his residence. With all its wealth of magnificent live-oaks, palmettoes. 
pines, cedars and magnolias, with its quiet, gentle views, balmy airs, 
soft sunlight, swelling tide, inviting prospects and cherished traditions, 
this attractive spot had uninterruptedly continued to be the home of his 
ancestors from the date of its original cession from the crown to his 
great-grandfather, Capt. Noble Jones. Here were the remains of the 
tabby fortification which he had constructed for the protection of his 
plantation, — then an outpost of the town of Savannah, — and there, vine 
covered and overshadowed by oaks and cedars, they will endure for 
unnumbered years, constituting one of the most unique and interesting 
historical ruins on the Georgia coast. During his residence at this 
charming abode, which continued, with occasional absences, until the 
late war between the states, Mr. De Renne guarded his ancestral domain 
with the tender care and devotion of a loyal son. adding to the recol- 
lections of the past literary and cultivated associations in the present, 
which imparted new delights to the name of "Wormsloe. 

"His carefully selected library contained works of high repute, and 
of great rarity in certain departments. His reading was varied and 
accurate. Communing often with his favorite authors, he maintained 
an active acquaintance with the ever expanding domain of scientific and 
philosophical inquiry. His liberal education, enriched by study, travel 
and observation, enabled him to appreciate and cultivate those standards 
in literature and art which give birth to the accurate scholar and the 
capable critic. 

"To familiarize himself with the history of Georgia and rescue her 
traditions from forgetfulness were ever his pleasure and pride. During 
his sojourn in London he obtained favored access to the records in the 
various public offices and to the treasures of the British Museum. 
Thence did he procure copies of all papers throwing light upon the 
early life of the colony. We have no hesitation in expressing the opinion 
that in a thorough acquaintance with the history of Savannah and 
that of Georgia, both as a colony and a state. — he was excelled by none. 

"During his residence on the Tsle of Hope the literary tastes of 
Mr. De Renne found expression in the following publications. — with 
one exception hearing the imprint of Wormsloe. — and executed in the 
highesl style of the printer's art. 

"In 1S47 he reprinted the rare and valuable political tract by 
George Walton. William Few. and Richard Ilowley. entitled 'Observa- 
tions "upon the effects of certain late political suggestions, by the Dele- 
gates of Georgia.' Two years afterward appeared the caustic 'Observa- 
tions on Dr. Stevens' History of Georgia.' In 1849 was issued the 
second of the Wormsloe quartos, entitled 'History of the Province of 
Georgia; with Maps of Original Surveys: by John Gerar William 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 517 

DeBrahm, His Majesty's Surveyor General for the Southern District 
of North America.' This was a most valuable publication. DeBrahm 's 
manuscript, from which the portion relating to Georgia was thus printed, 
exists in the library of Harvard University, at Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. Mr. Dc Renne did for Georgia what Mr. Weston has accomplished 
for South Carolina, The next year the third of the Wormsloe quartos 
presented the interesting 'Journal and Letters of Eliza Lucas,' the 
mother of Generals Charles Cotesworth and Thomas Pinckney. 

"So charmed was Mr. De Renne with 'A Bachelor's Reverie' by Ik- 
Marvel, that in 1850, by permission of and as a compliment to' the 
author, he had a beautiful edition of twelve copies privately printed. 

"In 1851 Mr. De Renne published, as his fourth Wormsloe quarto, 
the 'Diary of Col. Winthrop Sargent, Adjutant General of the United 
States Army during the Campaign of 1791.' Only such portion of the 
diary was printed as related to St. Clair's expedition. Of these quartos 
but a very limited edition was printed, and the copies were donated 
to famous libraries and placed in the hands of favored friends. Of 
the first quarto there are only twenty-one copies ; of the second, forty- 
nine; of the third, nineteen; and of the fourth, forty-six. They are all 
remarkable specimens of typography and literary taste; and, in addi- 
tion to the historical value they possess, are highly esteemed because 
of their rarity. 

"Soon after the inception of the war Mr. De Renne transferred his 
residence from Wormsloe to the city of Savannah. The desolations 
consequent upon the failure of the Confederate cause pressed sorely 
upon the coast region of our state, sadly altering the conveniences of 
life, changing the whole theory of our patriarchial civilization, and 
begetting isolation and solitude where formerly existed inviting man- 
sions, — the centres of sympathies and social life which in their essential 
characteristics can never be revived. 

"His residence in Savannah, — the abode of the choicest hospitality, 
within whose walls dwelt comfort, refinement and elegance most attrac- 
tive, — could never in his affections supplant the love he cherished for 
the old homestead on the Isle of Hope. During the winter and spring, 
one day in each week he dedicated to the sweet influences of AVormsloe, 
where secluded from the turmoil of busy life, he surrendered himself 
to the contemplation of scenes and the revivification of memories upon 
which time had placed its seal of consecration. 

"Of the public spirit which characterized Mr. De Renne as a citizen 
of Savannah, — the public spirit of a high-toned, independent gentleman 
solicitious for the general welfare, yet courting neither personal advant- 
age nor political preferment, — of the sterling qualities which he exhibited 
in the business affairs of life and in the administration of his ample 
fortune, — of the active and intelligent interest he manifested in every- 
thing promotive of the material and intellectual progress of the city, — 
of his many charities, unheralded at the times of their dispensation, I 
may not speak. They are fresh in the recollection of us all. Were lie 
here he would tolerate no mention of them, and now that he is gone, 
as his friend, I will do no violence to his known wishes. 

"I cannot refrain, however, from reminding you of two princely 
gifts which will identify his memory with Savannah so long as human 
structures endure. I refer to his munificent donation of a commodious 
and substantial building on West Broad street to be used as a public 
school for the education of the children of citizens of African descent, 
and to his presentation, to the Ladies' Memorial Association, of that 
admirable bronze statue of a Confederate soldier which surmounts the 
monument erected by fair hands in the military parade of Savannah in 
honor of our Confederate dead. 



548 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

"A meeting of the Ladies' Memorial Association was held June 3d, 
1879, at six o'clock, at the lecture room of the Independent Presbyterian 
church, when, after the transaction of the usual routine of business, 
the following- communication from Mr. G. W. J. De Renne was submitted 
by the president and ordered to be read : 

''Savannah, May 21, 1879. 
"To the President of the Ladies' Memorial Association, Savannah: 

" 'Madam: In pursuance of the proposition made and accepted in 
April of last year, I now present to the Ladies' Memorial Association 
a bronze statue of a Confederate soldier. 

" 'It represents him as he was, — marked with the marks of service 
in features, form and raiment; — a man who chose to be rather than to 
seem, to bear hardship than to complain of it ; — a man who met with 
unflinching firmness the fate decreed him, to suffer, to fight and to 
die in vain. 

" 'I offer the statue as a tribute to the "MEN" of the Confederate 
army. Without name or fame or hope of gain, they did the duty 
appointed them to do. Now, their last fight fought, their suffering over, 
— they lie in scattered graves throughout our wide Southern land, at 
rest at last, returned to the bosom of the loved Mother they valiantly 
strove to defend. 

" 'According to your faith, believe that they may receive their reward 
in the world to come : — they had none on earth. 

" 'With the expression of my profound respect for those women of 
the South who, true to the dead, have sought to save their memory from 
perishing, I am, madam, 

Very respectfully, etc., 

G. W. J. De Renne.' 

"The following resolutions were then offered and unanimously 
adopted by a rising vote : 

'Whereas our fellow citizen, G. W. J. De Renne, has presented to 
this association the bronze statue of a Confederate soldier now crowning 
the monument erected in the military parade of this city to the memory 
of the soldiers who perished for the cause they held more precious 
than life ; 

'Therefore, Resolved, that we, as members of this association, indi- 
vidually and as a body, do hereby unanimously express our grateful 
appreciation of this noble gift ; recognizing its great merit not only 
as a work of art, but as a signal ornament to our beloved city, and as 
a valued contribution to the public sentiment worthy of the munificent 
and solemn purpose of the donor. 

" 'Resolved, that we do hereby accept this tribute with profound 
gratitude, and, in the name of all who are true to these heroic dead, 
we reverently consecrate it to the memory of the Confederate army 
who 'went down in silence.' 

" 'Resolved, that two copies of these proceedings be signed by each 
of the officers of this association ; — one copy to be presented to G. W. J. 
De Renne, Esq., and the other to the Georgia Historical Society, with 
the request that it may be placed for preservation in the archives of 
the society. 

Henrietta Cohen, P resident. 
S. C. Williamson, Treasxirer. 

S. C. Mann, Secretary/ 

"Thus are the name, the generosity and the patriotism of G. W. J. 
De Renne indissolubly linked with the holiest monument erected within 
the confines of the monumental city: — a monument redolent of the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 549 

prayers, the loves and the tears of mother, wife, sister, daughter; — a 
monument crystallizing in towering and symmetrical form the memories 
of the Confederate struggle for independence ; a monument standing 
as a spotless, imperishable, just tribute to our Confederate dead. ' ' 

Hon. Charles Gordon Edwards. In .March, 1907, there took liis 
place in the Congress of the United Stales, representing the First District 
of Georgia, a young statesman of the type upon which the south founds 
its hope — the Hon. Charles Gordon Edwards, of Savannah. So excel- 
lent was the record made by him in the Sixtieth Congress that he was 
returned at the next election. He is particularly well fitted by nature 
and training for the duties of his office and combines in himself the 
theoretical and practical, which produces the man who begets great 
ideas and knows how to make them realities. He has carried with him 
to the National Assembly well defined and unfaltering ideas of duty 
towards his constituents and is in refreshing contrast to the self-seeking 
politician who has proved the menace of modern society. In truth he 
has been very successful in keeping his political skirts free from cor- 
ruption. As a lawyer he has already taken rank among the most able 
in the city. 

Mr. Edwards is a native son of Georgia, his birth having occurred 
in Tattnall county, July 2, 1878. His parents are the Hon. Thomas J. 
and Annie (Conley) Edwards, who reside at Daisy, Tattnall county, 
the former being, indeed, a life-long resident of that section. He served 
with distinction as a Confederate soldier in the war between the states, 
enlisting as a member of the Fifth Georgia Cavalry, but early in the 
great conflict he became a courier on the staff of Gen. Bob Anderson, 
in which capacity he spent the greater part of his army service. He 
became one of the best known and most highly trusted couriers in the 
Confederate army, his services taking him from northern Virginia 
through the Carolinas and Virginia to Florida. His military career it 
would be impossible to exceed in interest, filled as it was with thrilling 
adventures and escapes from the enemy. The forbears of the subject 
on both sides of the family have for many years been identified with 
this part of the south. His paternal grandfather, Dr. William II. Ed- 
wards, was one of the pioneers of the county and assisted in laying the 
paths straight and clean for the coming of latter day civilization. His 
great-grandfather, Willis F. Edwards, was a soldier in the Continental 
line from North Carolina in the Revolutionary war, and at the con- 
clusion of his services in the cause of independence, he settled in 
Georgia. The maternal grandfather, Rev. William Fletcher Conley, 
also a pioneer of Tattnall county, assisted in the suppression of the 
Indians. He was a son of William F. Conley, a Virginian and a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war. Thus it will be seen that the gentleman 
from Georgia is a thorough American, which in this day of foreign in- 
vasion is coming to be a notable distinction. He has inherited the 
patriotism of his ancestors and is very loyal to American institutions. 

Mr. Edwards received an excellent education, attending the Gordon 
Institute at Barnesville, Georgia ; the University of Florida ; and the 
University of Georgia. He graduated in the law department of the 
latter in the class of 1898, receiving the degree of B. L. He immediately 
began the practice of law at Reidsville, the county seat of Tattnall 
county, where he remained until December, 1900, in which year he 
located permanently in the city of Savannah. Here he soon found the 
recognition to which his gifts entitled him. Upon first arriving he 
formed a partnership with Capt. R. J. Travis and later with A. L. 



550 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Alexander. The latter partnership existed until his election to Con- 
gress. 

In the election of 1906, Mr. Edwai'ds was elected to Congress, repre- 
senting the First District of Georgia and throughout the city there 
was at that time and still persists a conviction that the right man had 
triumphed and that the interests of the people would he well represented. 
He took his seat in the National Assembly on March 4, 1907, as a member 
of the Sixtieth Congress. He was reelected in 1909 and on March 4, 
1910, became a member of the Sixty-first Congress. At the time of his 
appearance in the Sixtieth Congress he was the youngest member of that 
body. Mr. Edwards has in every way justified the confidence of his 
constituents and has made a fine record for practical usefulness, all of 
which has made him justly beloved in Savannah and throughout the 
First District. He is a member of the important Rivers and Harbors 
Committee, one of the seven big committees of the House. He is also a 
member of the Committee on Elections, in which committee he is ranking 
Democrat, ranking next to the chairman. He is identified with the Com- 
mittee on Alcohol Liquor Traffic and he has taken part in the enactment 
of much important legislation. At home, in state affairs, it was largely 
through his agitation, eloquent and logical, that the Georgia State 
Drainage Law was enacted, under which a vast acreage of rich land, 
particularly in the vicinity of Savannah and in southeast Georgia is 
being scientifically drained and reclaimed for agricultural purposes. 
As such land is now practically waste land the beneficence of this meas- 
ure will readily be seen, and will conduce in material fashion to the 
prosperity of the section. It will result not only to adding greatly to 
the agricultural wealth of the state by coming under cultivation, but it 
will also have a tendency to decrease malaria and other diseases arising 
from low, swampy and flooded lands. 

Besides his work as a statesman and in the law profession, Mr. Ed- 
wards iii commercial life has substantial interests in naval stores, saw 
mills, farming and banking. He was formerly a member of the Ogle- 
thorpe Light Infantry in Savannah, in which he became a lieutenant. 
He is a member of Epworth Methodist Episcopal church, and a trustee 
of the Southern Methodist College at McRae, Georgia. He has many 
fraternal and social affiliations, being identified with Sigma Nu frater- 
nity, the Knights of Pythias, the Odd Fellows, the Elks, the Oglethorpe 
Club, the Georgia Bar Association, the Savannah Bar Association, the 
Sons of Confederate Veterans, and he is also a Knight Templar Mason 
and a Shriner. 

Mr. Edwards was happily married December 17, 1902, his chosen 
lady being Miss Ora Beach, of Waycross, Georgia, daughter of Hon. 
William W. and Margie (Ilinson) Beach. They share their hospitable 
and attractive home with one son, Charles Beach Edwards. 

Hon. William W. Osborne is a member of the firm of Osborne & 
Lawrence, general practitioners of law. The firm has been general 
counsel for the Savannah Electric Company, which has operated the 
street railway system since 1897. Mr. Osborne has been a member of the 
state legislature from Chatham county, session of 1892-93. and state 
senator in the session of 1894-!)"). While in the lower house he was chair- 
man of the committee on immigration and in the upper, chairman of 
the committee on railroads. 

Mr. Osborne was born at Graniteville. October 19. 1867. His par- 
ents were John H. II. and Mary Stoney (Wilson) Osborne. The former 
was born at Sparta, Georgia, and the latter in Savannah. Georgia. In 
his early childhood, Mr. Osborne removed with his parents to Savannah. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 551 

He was reared in this city. Here he received his public school educa- 
tion, graduating from the high school in 1882. For his higher educa- 
tion he became a student in Mercer University at Macon in 1882 and 
1883. The following year he entered the University of Georgia at 
Athens, from which institution he was graduated in 1885. With the 
idea of adopting the law as his profession he entered the law office of 
Denmark & Adams and was admitted to the bar on December 7, 1886. 
For a time he practiced alone, but subsequently formed a partnership 
with the late Pope Barrow, a gentleman of many distinctions, who had 
been United States senator and who later became judge. This part- 
nership continued from 1894 until 1902, and in the year last mentioned, 
Mr. Osborne formed a second partnership with Alexander L. Lawrence, 
which has continued to this day. 

In 1906, Mr. Osborne organized the Exchange Bank of Savannah, 
and is president of the same. In 1910-1911, Mr. Osborne was elected to 
the office of president of the Georgia Bankers' Association. In addition 
to the foregoing honors, Mr. Osborne was elected and served as solicitor 
general for the eastern circuit, superior court, for three terms of four 
years each, his tenure of office extending over the period comprised 
within the dates January 1, 1896, and January 1, 1908. 

Mr. Osborne was married in 1894 to Miss Louette Dale. They have 
two daughters : Kate Dale and Mary Stoney. 

George J. Mills. One of Savannah's leading citizens is George J. 
Mills, who has come to attain an admirable and influential position 
among the able financiers of the city. The success attained in his busi- 
ness enterprises has been greatly owing to his steady persistence, stern 
integrity and excellent judgment, qualities which cause him to take 
rank with the eminent men in this section of the state, besides winning 
for him the confidence and esteem of the public to a marked degree. 
Mr. Mills was born in this city on the 7th day of June, 1850, the son of 
Capt. J. G. and Hettie Marian (Cope) Mills. Captain Mills was born 
at St. Marys, Camden county, Georgia. For a long number of years 
before the war he was a prominent figure in maritime affairs on the 
Atlantic ocean. Starting as a youth before the mast, he was promoted 
through his own merit and efficiency to higher positions and became the 
master of a sailing vessel. Later Captain Mills went into the ocean 
shipping business for himself; he established and for several years was 
the owner of the Mills line of sailing vessels, operating between Savan- 
nah and Liverpool, and in this business he accumulated a comfortable 
fortune, all the more creditable from the fact that he started in with 
nothing. The Mills line of sailing vessels had to go out of business on 
account of the war, and after the termination of sectional hostilities, 
Captain Mills became a member, with his brother, of the firm of T. R. 
& J. G. Mills, cotton merchants of Savannah; which business was 
continued until about 1874, when Captain Mills retired from active 
business life. He died on September 24, 1880. 

Mr. Mills is bound to Savannah by all the most important associa- 
tions of life. He was reared and educated in the city of his birth and 
has been in business here ever since he became of age. He found his 
first field of occupation in his father's cotton business, and afterward, 
with the elder gentleman went into the private banking business, in 
which he continued after the demise of Captain Mills. Tlis unusually 
fine business qualifications have brought success to a number of enter- 
prises. He is a capitalist, having large financial interests in various 
important commercial and industrial concerns and lie is one of the 
financial bulwarks of Savannah. He is chairman of the Sinking Fund 



552 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Commission of Savannah. He was made a member of this commission 
in 1907, and has served upon it continuously since that time. He is a 
director of the Central of Georgia Railway; a director of the Merchants' 
National Bank; and a director, or stockholder in various other corpora- 
tons. He has also acted efficiently and with public spirit in various 
philanthropic movements in the city and is president of the Savannah 
Hospital Association and a director of the Savannah Port Society. He 
is chairman of the board of trustees of the Independent Presbyterian 
church. Regarded as a citizen, Mr. Mills belongs to that useful and 
helpful type of men, whose ambitions and desires are centered and 
directed in those channels through which flows the greatest and most 
permanent good to the greatest number. His sympathies are ever with 
his less fortunate brothers and with no one is the betterment of the 
"other half" a more vital issue. 

Mr. Mills was married in Savannah, Miss Euphemia F. Postell, 
member of a prominent South Carolina family of that name, becoming 
his wife. Mrs. Mills is a sister of that well-known gentleman, Col. C. 
Postell, of Savannah. Their daughter, Sarah C, is the wife of Henry 
W. Hodge, a civil engineer and bridge builder of New York City. 

Hon. George W. Tiedeman. Savannah for three elections chose 
the same man for her chief executive. Such confidence is sufficient 
proof of the worth of the Hon. George W. Tiedeman, ex-mayor of Sa- 
vannah. Before becoming identified with the civic affairs of the city, 
Mr. Tiedeman had won prominence as an able and energetic business 
man, and he has carried his methods of doing business into the direction 
of the city's affairs. His administration was productive of many public 
improvements, and was particularly diligent in measures for the protec- 
tion of the public health and the proper sanitation of the city, and for 
its freedom from bribery and misuse of funds, such as most American 
cities of today have to endure. The movement for a "Greater Savan- 
nah" received the most enthusiastic support from the administration, 
and the great stride forward that Savannah has taken in recent years 
is due in no small part to the personal influence of Mr. Tiedeman. His 
whole administration not only thought for the present but made' prep- 
aration for the future. In the optimistic mind of Mr. Tiedeman, there 
has never been the least doubt but that Savannah would have a promi- 
nent place among the gi'eater American cities and in his plans for her 
welfare he looked far ahead and attempted to meet the demands of such 
a city as it now seems certain Savannah will become. In short, to quote 
the words of William Harden, the administration of Mr. Tiedeman 
"has been essentially a constructive administration." 

Mr. Tiedeman was born on the 11th of September, 1861, in Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. Here he was reared and educated, imbibing with 
the lessons he learned at school, the fine ideals and courtesy of bearing 
for which the men of this old city are noted. Growing up during the 
years following the Civil war lie of necessity saw the courage with which 
a defeated people took up their burdens and set out to bring order out 
of chaos. He was only a boy during the greatest period of suffering, 
but his impressionable mind was impressed by the love that the people 
of the South bore for their country, and by the way in which they set 
to work to repair the ravages of war. He determined at this time that 
when he grew to manhood he would do everything in his power to make 
his country as prosperous as she was before the war. He was educated 
in private schools and in Charleston College, and in 1887 lie came to 
Savannah. 

He went into the wholesale grocery business on his arrival in the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 553 

city and since that time he has been successfully engaged in this line 
of business. In addition to his political activities he has been promi- 
nent in the world of finance and in society. He is president of the 
Georgia State Savings Association. He is a member of the Board of 
Trade and of the Chamber of Commerce. In the world of sport and of 
society he is much sought after, and is a member of the Oglethorpe 
Club, the Yacht Club, the Automobile Club and the Golf Club. 

Mr. Tiedeman received considerable preparatory training for his 
present position through his service as an alderman, for he was brought 
to a clear realization of the great necessity for improvement in many 
branches of the public affairs through this close connection with them. 
He was elected mayor in January, 1907, for a term of two years, was 
re-elected in January, 1909, and again in January, 1911. Savannah 
has never passed through a more prosperous period. She has held her 
proud position of being the largest market in the world for naval stores ; 
her business, both in exports and imports, has been greatly increased 
and indeed she has advanced to the rank of fifth city in the United 
States in amount and value of exports. Many new industries have 
found a location in the city, and trade in all branches has received an 
impetus. The city limits have been extended, and during the season 
of 1911-12, fhe record for handling and exporting cotton was broken. 

It is not possible to mention all of the beneficial results of Mayor 
Tiedeman 's administration, and only the more important and those 
which will have the most far reaching results can be mentioned. Among 
these is the part that the city has had in the improvement of that beau- 
tiful southern section which is now the site of some of the finest homes 
in the city. This tract of land is owned by the Chatham Land & 
Hotel Company and the Ardsley Park Land Corporation, and this land 
has been brought within the city limits on a lot basis, thus increasing 
the taxable values of the municipality, and aiding in the rapid develop- 
ment of the section. A large amount of street paving has been done, 
greater in extent than has been completed during any previous period 
of the same duration. Some of this paving had been agitated for 
years but things seemed to stand still until Mr. Tiedeman appeared on 
the scene. For a city as dependent as is Savannah upon her harbor, it 
had been allowed to fall into a shameful state of disrepair and one of 
the most necessary deeds of the administration was the repair of all 
the slips and public docks. The water system and the storm sewerage 
system were extended to meet the needs of the growing city, and the 
street lighting system was practically made over by the installation of 
a new type of more brilliant lights in every section of the city. Bona- 
venture cemetery was developed and put in its present beautiful con- 
dition, and Damn Park was also improved and thrown open to the pub- 
lic. The fine statue of General Oglethorpe, upon which work had ceased 
to be done for lack of funds, was now completed, the necessary money 
being appropriated for the purpose from the public treasury. Several 
thousands of dollars were spent in the laying of concrete and stone side- 
walks, and an ordinance that was of especial importance to people of all 
classes was passed. This was a milk ordinance, and the officers of the 
administration have been extremely careful that this law should be 
enforced. 

The achievement which stands out above all the others, and which 
brought to Mr. Tiedeman the thanks of a devoted city was the successful 
culmination of the bond election on December 6, 1911. by which the 
city is given the authority to spend $600,000 for the extension and 
completion of the sewerage and drainage system. This is one of the 
most beneficent measures ever passed in Savannah, for situated as the 



554 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

city is, drainage is a question of supreme importance to the health of 
the people. The work is to be carried on under the direction of a drain- 
age commission composed of a number of the leading citizens. Mr. 
Tiedeman had long ago seen the necessity of such a measure, but he had 
not been able to make the city feel the necessity of it. In the election 
in which this was the issue Mr. Tiedeman took personal charge of the 
campaign, and carried it to a successful termination. He did not spare 
either his time or energy in placing before the public the necessity of 
this measure, and he set forth the advantages of the ordinance in so 
clear and sincere a manner that it was passed by an overwhelming ma- 
jority. He has received full credit for his work in the formulation of 
the ordinance when it was as yet on paper, and the people have appre- 
ciated to the full his careful and painstaking selection of men of abil- 
ity for members of the commission, who might be trusted with the 
administration of so large a sum of money. Mr. Tiedeman is very 
anxious to have some form of civil service regulation for all civil ser- 
vice employees, thus abolishing the old cries of favoritism, and secur- 
ing more skilled service. He has strongly recommended this in his 
messages to the city council, and he is also a sincere advocate of a com- 
mission form of government. 

Mr. Tiedeman was married in 1890 to Miss Floride Shivers of 
Savannah. In addition to their beautiful summer home at the Isle 
of Hope, they have a handsome city residence, and wherever they may 
be, their friends are always sure of a welcome. They are the parents 
of two children, Miss Inez Tiedeman and Carsten Tiedeman. Savan- 
nah is fortunate in having had such a mayor, for in the wave of progress 
and the new life that has swept over the South in the last few years, a 
strong hand is needed at the helm of those cities that will eventually 
become the great southern centers of trade. Some southern cities have 
suffered under the rule of a demagogue, and some from one who was 
too weak to rule and lacked the power of initiative, therefore Savannah 
should be proud that the man who for six years was at the head of her 
affairs was strong, conscientious, eager to do what will benefit the peo- 
ple and the city, and possessed of the brain and the wisdom to plan and 
carry out the necessary measures. 

Abraham Minis. In the South, where family ties still bind and names 
still count, the Minis family are reckoned of the blue blood of Georgia, 
their history dating from colonial times and the grandfather of Abraham 
Minis having been the first male white child born in Georgia. The family 
is a historic one and it has been prominent in the history of the city for 
many generations. Abram Minis, youngest son of Abraham Minis, does 
not shine merely in the reflected light of his forefathers, but he is a 
citizen of ability, a lawyer of high standing at the bar and a man of 
property. 

Abraham Minis, the second son of Isaac and Dinah Minis, was born 
in Savannah in 1820. and. in early youth was sent North to a school in 
Westchester, Pennsylvania, which stood very high and was kept by a 
Frenchman, a Mr. Bolmar. 

Ilcie he remained until the age of sixteen when, owing to his father 
having encountered business reverses, he determined to become self- 
supporting, a resolution which he carried out absolutely. 

Securing a position with Padleford & Fay, then one of the leading 
houses on the Hay, it was characteristic of the man that he never filled 
another clerkship and that the heads of the firm became his warmest, 
lifelong friends. 

Entering for himself the commission business, associated with Mr. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 555 

James II. Johnston, the firm being Minis & Johnston, he continued > 
actively engaged in this pursuit until the day of his death, although, 
in consequence of years, the business changed to that of shipping. 

Mr. Johnston retiring, Mr. Minis carried on the work alone until 
two of his sons were associated with him under the firm name of A. 
Minis & Sons. 

One who knew him best wrote of him: "From his earliest years his 
course was one of duty well performed. Quiet and modest, yet firm and 
brave, he noted well his part as son, brother, husband, parent, neighbor 
and citizen. With no ambition but to be right, his amiable qualities 
made him beloved and respected by all who knew him, while all he did 
was based upon strictly moral and religious principle, unswerved by 
fear or favor. " 

All through the dark days of the yellow fever epidemic of 1876 he, 
with his eldest son, Mr. J. F. Minis, remained in Savannah doing all in 
his power, for those who needed assistance, in a quiet, unostentatious 
way of which the world knew nothing. His nature was one of the 
noblest simplicity, combined witli the utmost moral strength and a deep 
sense of justice guided his every action. 

The affection he inspired in the humble and lowly was attested 
when the longshoremen who had worked for him, as a spontaneous 
tribute, marched in a body to his funeral. 

Many positions sought him. He rendered service as an alderman, 
acting as mayor, during the absence of that functionary, was a director 
of the Southern Bank and of the Central Railroad & Banking Company 
of Georgia. 

For years he devoted much of his busy life to the presidency of the 
Union Society, and unbounded were his zeal and enthusiasm in behalf 
of this noble charity. 

At the breaking out of the Civil war, physical disabilities rendering 
military service impossible, he entered the commissary department at 
Savannah, and, to help the cause, invested a large proportion of his 
means in Confederate bonds, although he had always been apprehensive 
of what proved to be the result of the desperate four years' straggle. 

On the failure of the South, he was consequently left with the most 
limited resources. 

Confronted with the disheartening task of beginning afresh his 
business career, he did so with the courage displayed by the best type of 
the men of the South, and the years brought their reward. 

He died in New York City, November 6th, 1889, adding another 
honorable record to the family name, and was buried in Savannah. 

Savannah is the native city of Abram Minis, his eyes having first 
opened to the light of day on May 16, 1859, within the pleasant borders 
of that city. His parents were Abraham and Lavinia (Florance) Minis. 
The latter 's parents were Jacob L. and Hannah Florance. Mrs. Minis 
was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, May 26, 1826, and her marriage to 
Mr. Minis was celebrated in Philadelphia, October 22, 1851. Their union 
was blessed by the birth of six children, as follows : Jacob Florance 
Minis; Rosina Florance Minis, who died in infancy; Miss Maria Minis; 
Isaac Minis; Lavinia Florance Minis, the wife of Charles I. Henry, of 
New York City ; and Abram Minis. 

Isaac Minis, mentioned above, is now deceased, his death having 
occurred in New York City, June 8, 1893. His wife, to whom he was 
married in Savannah, March 9, 1886, was before her marriage. Miss 
Eugenia P. Myers of Savannah. She survives her husband and has 
two sons, — Isaac Minis and Carol E. Minis. Mr. and Mrs. Charles I. 
Henry have two daughters, namely: Harriet and Lavinia. 



556 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

One of the subject's uncles, Philip Minis, married Miss Sarah A. 
Livingston, of New York, and their children are seven in number, and 
named as follows : Mrs. Alice Henrietta Poe, of Baltimore ; Annie 
Livingston Spalding; Philip Henry; John Livingston; Mary Leila (Mrs. 
Poultney) ; and Augusta Medora. One of his aunts, Sarah Ann Minis, 
married Dr. Isaac Hays of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whose children 
were : Joseph Gratz ; William DeWees ; Harriet Minis ; Theodore Minis ; 
Frank Minis ; Robert Griffith and Isaac Minis. Another aunt, Phillippa 
Minis, married Edward Johnson Etting, of Philadelphia, and their 
children were: Reuben; Charles Edward; Theodore Minis; Philippa 
Minis ; and Harry Gratz. 

The paternal father of the subject was Isaac Minis, who, although 
of the Savannah family, was born near Charleston, whence his parents 
and family tied from the British troops, which at that time were besieg- 
ing the city of Savannah. They returned here after the close of the 
Revolution. On December 4, 1803, Isaac Minis married Miss Dinah 
Cohen, of Georgetown, who was born April 12, 1787, and died in 
Savannah, February 17, 1874. Her husband preceded her to the grave, 
his death occurring on November 17, 1856, in Philadelphia. He and 
his wife are buried in the family lot in Laurel Grove cemetery in 
Savannah. Isaac Minis served in the War of 1812 as a private in 
Capt. William Bulloch's company of artillery, first regiment of Georgia 
militia, commanded by General Johnston. Isaac Minis was the son of 
Philip and Judith (Pollock) Minis ; Judith Pollock being a member 6f 
one of the first families that settled Newport, just as her husband 
belonged to a family that was numbered among the first settlers of the 
colony of Georgia. It is a somewhat interesting fact, in this connection, 
that Rhode Island and Georgia were the only ones of the colonies where 
Jews were not prohibited from settling. 

Philip Minis, the great-grandfather of the subject of this review, 
as mentioned in a preceding paragraph, bore the distinction of having 
been the first male white child born in Georgia, his birth having occurred 
at Savannah, July 11, 1734, the year following the founding of the 
Georgia colony by Oglethorpe. In substantiation of this fact there are 
various authorities, among which is the following notice that appeared 
in the Georgia Gazette of the issue of Thursday, March 12, 1789, con- 
cerning the family of Philip Minis: "On Friday, March 6, 1789, 
departed this life, Mr. Philip Minis, merchant, age fifty-five years. He 
was the first male white child born in this state. His remains were 
buried in the Jews' burial ground on Sunday morning, attended by a 
large number of respectable citizens, who by their solemn attention 
evinced how sensibly they felt the loss the community has sustained 
in so valuable a man. He has left a disconsolate widow and five children, 
together with an aged and venerable mother and five sisters, to deplore 
their loss. He was an affectionate husband, a dutiful son, a tender father 
and a kind brother; in short, he was in every sense of the word, a truly 
honest man." 

Philip Minis gave active aid and support to the colonists in their 
struggle with Great Britain, and on this account he was named in the 
Georgia Royal Disqualifying Act of 1780. When in 1779 the French 
auxiliaries besieged Savannah, Philip Minis acted as a guide, and was 
consulted as to the best place for landing. He also volunteered to act 
as a patriot guide thereafter. In 1780 the British passed their disquali- 
fying act, whereby certain persons were disqualified from holding office, 
etc., because of their prominence in the "rebel cause," and the name of 
Philip Minis was one of the one hundred and fifty on the list of dis- 
qualified men. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 557 

The founder of the Minis family in Georgia was Philip Minis' 
father, Abraham Minis, who with his wife, Abigail Minis, and two 
daughters, Esther and Leah, also his brother, Simeon Minis, arrived in 
Savannah on a vessel from London, July 11, 1733, the year of Ogle- 
thorpe 's founding of the colony of Georgia. There were thirteen Jewish 
families on this vessel ; and the history of their organization for the 
journey in London and ' their trials and tribulation, as well as their 
successes, after their landing on Georgia soil in 1733, forms one of the 
interesting romances of the colonization of the new world. Abraham 
Minis, first American of the name, died in Savannah in 1757, and was 
buried in the first Jewish burial plot in the city. His widow, Abigail 
Minis, in 1760, received a grant of land from King George III. She 
lived to a great old age, her death occurring in Savannah, in October 
11, 1794, aged ninety-three years and two months. The history of Mr. 
Minis' forbears is as interesting and gratifying as that of any other 
citizen of the old and historic city. Emerson has said: " Biography is 
the only true history." When Macaulay was shown the vast clustering 
vines in Hampton court, with trunk like a tree, he expressed a wish to 
behold the mother root in Spain from which the scion was cut. Similarly, 
the average person confesses to an eager desire to trace the ancestral 
forces that are united in every interesting character, mental and moral 
capital being treasures invested by forefathers, nature taking the grand- 
sire's ability and putting it out at compound interest for the grandson. 

Abram Minis, the present representative of the family, has in addition 
to his law practice, many other interests of broad scope and importance. 
He is a director of the following named enterprises : The Propeller 
Tow Boat Company ; the Columbus Manufacturing Company ; the Com- 
mercial Life Insurance & Casualty Company ; the United Hydraulic 
Cotton Press Company ; the Georgia Land & Securities Company, and 
the Georgia Cotton Mills. Although he bestows a profound attention 
on his affairs, business and professional, he is by no means a recluse, 
for he has many affiliations, and is one of Savannah's most prominent 
clubmen. He belongs to Landrum Lodge of Masons and of the Ogle- 
thorpe Club, the Yacht Club and the Golf Club. He is a member of the 
Sons of the Revolution and is also an honorary member of the Georgia 
Hussars, of which he was an active member for several years. He 
enlisted as a private in the Hussars in 1883, and was promoted through 
the various ranks to that of first lieutenant ; it was while acting in such 
rank that he resigned. Following this he was made quartermaster of the 
First regiment of cavalry, National Guard of Georgia, with the rank 
of captain, and later was made adjutant with the rank of captain in the 
same organization. He is now on the retired roll of the Georgia state 
troops. In all public affairs in the city, which is dearest to him with the 
associations and traditions of centuries, Mr. Minis takes a keen and 
helpful interest and he stands as one of the aggressive and enterprising 
men who are aiding in the upbuilding of the city. 

Mr. Minis has been twice married : His first wife was Miss Anna 
Maria Cohen, of Baltimore, Maryland, their union being solemnized 
October 8, 1890. She died May 24, 1891, in Savannah. The present 
Mrs. Minis was, previous to her marriage. Miss Mabel A. Henry, of New 
York City, where she married her husband on December 9, 1902. They 
have two children: Abram Minis, Jr.. born November 6. 1933, ami H. 
Philip Minis, born June 11, 1908. 

Thomas Usher Pulaski Charlton, the eldest son of Thomas and 
Lucy Charlton, was born near Camden, South Carolina, in 1780. His 
father came from Frederick, Maryland, and was a surgeon and lieutenant 



558 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

under Col. William Thompson in the Revolutionary forces of South 
Carolina ; and later served in the legislature of that state. At the death 
of the father, the widow came to Savannah and settled there in 1790. 
Thomas Usher was called to the bar of the eastern judicial circuit in 
1801, and in that year was elected a member of the Georgia legislature. 
In 1804 he became attorney-general, and in 1808 judge of the eastern 
circuit. Later he was elected mayor of Savannah and served in that 
office for six terms. He was head of the committee of safety in 1812, 
and performed devoted services during the epidemic of 1820. He again 
became judge, and died in 1835. He was of strong mentality and high 
courage, and had the judicial temperament. Many of his decisions 
appear in a volume of reports published by him. He partially com- 
pleted a life of James Jackson, designed to cover the period of his mili- 
tary services. He was a close friend of that eminent man. who desig- 
nated him as his literary executor. Having enjoyed the friendship of 
Jackson, he inherited from that great man some of his enemies, who, 
however, did not begin to give voice to their bitterness until years after 
Judge Charlton's death. He not only possessed decided literary ability 
but a high order of wit. He married, in 1803, Emily, daughter of 
Thomas Walter, of South Carolina, author of "Flora Caroliniana," the 
first considerable work on southern botany. Of this marriage were 
born his sons, Thomas Jackson Charlton and Robert Milledge Charlton. 
Charlton street was named for him. 

Robert Milledge Charlton, younger son of Thomas U. P. and 
Emily Charlton, was born in Savannah, Georgia, on January 19, 1807, 
and died there on January 18, 1854. He was called to the bar when 
very young, and served in the legislature at twenty-one. At twenty- 
three he was appointed district attorney by Andrew Jackson ; and at 
twenty-eight was elected judge of the eastern judicial circuit. He was 
three times mayor of Savannah, and toward the end of his career became 
United States senator from Georgia. His practice at the bar was exten- 
sive and successful. Among the early Georgia reports is a volume pub- 
lished by him and containing his own decisions as well as those of the 
judges who held the bench in the eastern circuit subsequent to the pub- 
lication of the reports of T. U. P. Charlton. He was a man of the finest 
sensibilities and highest ideals, loving his state and her people. He was 
at once firm and gentle; helpful and sympathetic. Devoted to the 
teachings of his own church, in his intercourse with his fellow man he 
knew no limitations of specific creeds or conditions, and became probably 
the most beloved citizen Savannah ever had. In 1829 he married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Peter Shick, whose ancestors had departed from 
Salsburg at the time of the Protestant exodus, settling in the colony 
of Georgia during the firsl years of its establishment. Judge Charlton 
was nol only a learned lawyer and an orator, but a writer and poet. 
In his mind the wit of his father was tempered with a tine sense of 
humor, the evidences of which appear in his contributions to the Knick- 
erbocker Magazine, the leading periodical of those times, in a series of 
sketches of life on the circuit. An edition of his poems, to which were 
added some of the productions oi' his brother, appeared in 1839, and 
another edition in 1S42. Charlton county, Georgia, was named for him. 
and Charlton ward. Savannah. 

Walter Glasco Charlton, youngest son of Robert M. and Margaret 
Charlton, was born in Savannah. Georgia, on June 5, 1851. He attended 
school in Savannah, ami in Hancock county, Georgia, and Baltimore 
county, Maryland, under Richard .Malcolm Johnston. In 1869 he matric- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 559 

ulated at the University of Virginia, and came to the bar of the east- 
ern circuit on January 22, 1873. In that year he became associated with 
Albert R. Lamar in the office of solicitor-general. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed reporter of the circuit; and in 1880 was elected solicitor-gen- 
eral. On February 11, 1908, he was appointed judge of the eastern 
judicial circuit and elected to that office during that year. In 1912, 
he was again elected. On February 11, 1874, he married Mary Walton, 
daughter of Richard Malcolm Johnston. He has filled several political 
positions, among them chairman of the Democratic party in Chatham 
for several years. His people have been Democrats literally from the 
day the party was formed. He is the author of several essays on epochs 
in Georgia history, and has delivered numerous speeches on occasions 
of historic celebrations. He has occasionally indulged in verse. His 
ancestors on both sides are identified with the history of Georgia and the 
United States. The Mai-yland Charltons held Mason and Dixon's line 
against Pennsylvania for many years. His great-grandfather Charlton 
volunteered in the Revolutionary forces in 1775, and his great-grand- 
father, John Shick, who afterward became a prosperous and prominent 
man, fought at the siege of Savannah, having his right arm shot off by a 
cannon ball from the British. Judge Charlton is at present president 
of the Georgia Society of the Cincinnati and of the Georgia Society of 
the Revolution. 

Harris Macleod King. Representing on both the paternal and 
maternal sides of the house families that have long been prominent in 
naval, military, civic and historical affairs of Georgia, Harris Macleod 
King has himself been actively associated with the development and 
promotion of the commercial interests of the state for upwards of thirty 
years, being now supervising inspector of naval stores for the state of 
Georgia, his home being in Savannah. A son of Col. Barrington S. 
King, he was born in Roswell, Cobb county, in 1860, a town which was 
named in honor of his great grandfather, Roswell King. 

Roswell King was born in Sharon, Connecticut, May 3, 1765, being 
a son of Captain Timothy King, who was prominent on the Continental 
side in the naval service of the Revolutionary war, being commander of 
the brig "Defiance." Migrating to Georgia after the great struggle of 
the colonists for independence, Roswell King settled at Darien, in what 
is now Mcintosh county. He subsequently married Catherine, a daugh- 
ter of Josiah Barrington, who was born in Ireland, and emigrated to 
Georgia a few years after the arrival in this state of General Oglethorpe, 
who was his kinsman and friend. Old Fort Barrington on the Altamaha 
river, an outpost built long before the Revolution for defense against 
the Spaniards, was named for him. 

Their son, Barrington King, Mr. King's grandfather, was born in 
Darien, Georgia, March 8th, 1798. About 1839, with a colony of sev- 
eral other families from the seacoast of Georgia, including the Bulloch's, 
Smith's, Lewis's, Dunwody's, Pratt's, and Goulding's, he immigrated to 
Cobb county, and located on the site which his father Roswell King had 
some years before purchased from the Indians, and founded the little 
village of Roswell, which, as previously stated, was named in honor of 
his father. His wife, whose maiden name was Catherine M. Nephew, 
w r as a daughter of James Nephew, who, during the Revolutionary war, 
served as lieutenant in Col. John Baker's regiment of the Liberty county, 
Georgia, militia. 

Col. Barrington S. King was born while his mother was visiting the 
Bulloch family in Liberty county, the King home at that time having 
been in Darien, Mcintosh county. Throughout almost the entire period 
of the war between the states, Colonel King served as a gallant soldier 





^^ 





SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 561 

Hon. Joseph McCarthy. It is safe to say that few men in the south 
are as well known in the labor world as Hon. Joseph McCarthy, tne' 
prominent Georgia legislator, fighter and friend of organized labor. 
An advanced student of philosophy, his mental power is for the most 
part directed toward the solution of problems affecting the whole of 
society. He is an inspiration to the class whose cause he champions, 
for he is of humble birth and has risen to his present high position 
through his own efforts. Besides being a member of the state legisla- 
ture and a specialist in labor legislation, he is general foreman of 
the Central of Georgia Railroad shops and he is also the father of the 
county police bill of Chatham county. He is a particularly striking 
figure in Georgia affairs and a notable exponent of a great cause. 

The Hon. Mr. McCarthy was born in Savannah in 1868, the son 
of Thomas and Eliza (Kehoe) McCarthy, both of whom were na'tives of 
Ireland. They followed the beckoning finger of opportunity from the 
shores of the New World and located in Savannah previous to the Civil 
war. Both are now deceased. The father's occupation was that of a 
blacksmith. Mr. McCarthy was reared in this city and received the 
greater part of his education in St. Patrick's parochial school. He 
learned the trade of machinist in the foundry and machine shops of 
the late J. W. Tynan, a prominent and well-known character of Savan- 
nah of former years. In 1890, the subject entered the employ of the 
Central of Georgia Railroad as a machinist in the Savannah shops and 
through his skill and • efficiency was promoted to his present position. 
He is general foreman for the company in Savannah which includes 
both the locomotive and car departments, this being a position of 
importance and responsibility. 

Mr. McCarthy has always been a strong union labor man and an 
ardent supporter of all measures of beneficence for the laboring classes. 
He is the leading exponent of union labor principles in the Georgia 
state legislature, in which he has served three terms: 1907-08; 1909- 
10, and 1911-12. 

The record of Mr. McCarthy's achievements in the work to which 
he has devoted heart and hand can not be told more truly and concisely 
than in his own words, the account which follows having been published 
in the Savannah Press. 

"When I was first elected to the legislature in 1907 and 1908, I met 
the father of the child labor bill, Hon. Madison Bell, of Fulton county, 
and before any committees were appointed he asked me to let him re- 
main chairman of the labor committee, which I gladly consented to do 
on account of his experience and I was made vice-chairman of the 
labor committee of Georgia. We drafted the bureau of labor bill and 
introduced it in the house and when it came before the committee the 
Textile Manufacturers' Association appeared against it and finally 
defeated it in the committee room. In 1908 he modified the bill a little 
and introduced it again only to be defeated by the Textile Manufact- 
urers' Association in the committee room. The Hon. Madison Bell, 
father of the child labor bill, declined to stand for reelection to the 
legislature in 1909-1910. I was reelected to the legislature and at that 
time Joe Brown was elected governor of Georgia. A committee of the 
working class appeared before Governor Brown and asked him to write 
the bureau of labor bill as a plank in his platform, which he did. I was 
then placed at the head of the labor committee of Georgia and in looking 
over the bill on which we had been defeated twice, I called on the Hon. 
J. Randolph Anderson who was the recognized leader of the Brown 
forces and he called a meeting in his room at the Piedmont Hotel. The 
gentlemen present were the Hon. J. Randolph Anderson, United States 



562 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Senator Terrell, Representative Evans, who was representing the work- 
ing people of Bibb county, C. T. Ladson, attorney of the Georgia state 
federation of labor and myself. We discussed the bureau of labor bill 
and the committee left it to myself, Mr. Ladson and Mr. Evans to draw 
the present bill, which is now a law, and introduce it in the house. 
But it was again defeated in the committee room by the Textile Manu- 
facturers' Association. 

"The following year I introduced the bill again and, finally, after a 
hard fight, got it out of the committee room, only to be defeated on the 
floor of the house by those who were bitterly opposed to the bureau of 
labor. I was again elected to the legislature and Gov. Hoke 
Smith was reelected, after being defeated for one term. I made a 
trip to Atlanta and waiting on him, asked him to write the bureau of 
labor bill as a plank in his platform, which he did. When the Georgia 
legislature convened in 1910 I was again appointed chairman of the 
labor committee, with a new committee composed of members who had 
just been elected as representatives. This was composed of twenty- 
seven members of the house and all but a few were strangers to me. I 
seriously canvassed my committee to find if they were favorable to the 
people. I organized my committee and called a meeting. I was then 
notified by Hon. Henry Alexander, of Atlanta, an ex-member of the 
Georgia legislature and at one time on my committee, that he had been 
employed by the Atlanta Builders' Exchange, an association organized 
for the special purpose of defeating any labor legislation in the state. 
I notified Mr. Alexander of the date of the meeting and he appeared 
before the committee to fight the bill, but with all his power and the 
power of the Atlanta Builders' Association, he could not do a thing 
with the committee. The committee then recommended the favorable 
passage of the bill. The bill was so reported to the house, with recom- 
mendation that it do pass. It passed July 25, 1911, ayes, one hundred 
and eight, nays, thirty-five. The bill w r as immediately transmitted to 
the senate and there read the first time, July 31, and then referred to 
the senate committee on immigration and labor. 

"The Textile Manufacturers' Association sent representatives before 
that committee and plead for it to be postponed for one week, so that 
they could have a hearing. I knew that this was the first move to try 
to defeat the bill. On the date set by the committee one hundred Textile 
Manufacturers' Association representatives appeared in a body. There 
was not a committee room large enough to hold these representatives, 
so the committee adjourned to the house. When the roll was called for 
the committee both sides answered ready. Mr. Anderson was allowed 
five minutes to speak for the bill. The gentleman in favor of the bill 
to follow Mr. Anderson was Mr. Ladson of Atlanta, and when he finished. 
Jerome Jones of Atlanta, who also favored the bill, spoke, which closed 
our side. Mr. Alexander, representing the Atlanta Builders' Exchange, 
was allowed to speak twenty-five minutes. He made one of the most tell- 
ing speeches I have ever heard against the bill and this I saw. had ter- 
rible influence upon the senate committee. He told the senate com- 
mittee that he voted against the bureau of labor bill while a member of 
the house, and that organized labor defeated him when he ran for re- 
election, one thousand to fifteen hundred votes. After he got through 
I knew that I could kill the influence and asked permission to speak 
five minutes in answer to Mr. Anderson's speech. 

"I told the senate committee that I had been a member of the house 
when Mr. Anderson was a representative and that he was placed on my 
labor committee, was in favor of my bureau of labor lull and voted for 
it. I told the senate committee that what defeated him was the fact 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 563 

that the citizens of Atlanta were knocking at the legislature's door and 
demanding the passage of a local bill to elect their recorder by the vote/ 
of the people. Mr. Anderson took sides against the other three repre- 
sentatives and fought the bill viciously on the floor of the house, but 
was defeated and the bill was passed to elect the recorder by the vote 
of the people. There were members of the senate who could corroborate 
this and I completely destroyed the force of Mr. Alexander's speech. 
Senator Shingler of the tenth district, who fought the bill so vigorously, 
demanded of me if there were bureaus of labor in other states and I 
proved to him that thirty-five states had commissioners of labor. 

"The committee went into executive session and I waited patiently 
until 7:30 o'clock, when they came out of executive session. Senator 
Morris, of the committee, told me that they could not agree and would 
have a meeting next morning. I then feared there was no hope for 
my bill and that they were playing for time to defeat its passage. The 
committee met again and did not agree and again Senator Morris came 
to me and asked if I would agree to an amendment to leave the office 
to be elected by the people. I told him it was one of the cardinal prin- 
ciples of the masses to elect to office by the vote of the people and that 
they could make no fight against it. The committee met and agreed and 
reported the bill to the senate with the recommendation that it do pass 
as amended. On the floor the next day, Senator Shingler, who fought 
every inch against the passage of the bill, asked that the bill be recom- 
mitted, but it was voted down and read the second time August 7, 
1911. It was read the third time on August 15, 1911, and passed, ayes, 
twenty-three and nays, sixteen. I had finally seen the passage of my 
bureau of labor bill." 

Mr. McCarthy also gives the following enumeration of the achieve- 
ments of organized labor. 

"Organized labor has been a potent factor in the passage of the 
child labor law, the law in reference to headlights on engines, in refer- 
ence to requirements of safety appliances, in providing regulation in 
reference to the convenience of female employes, and limiting the hours 
of employment. Organized labor was also an effective factor in the 
passage of the bill providing that administrators may recover in case 
of homicide and in rendering recovery possible even though the employe 
was to some extent negligent. Organized labor has also favored in legis- 
lative halls the protection of the indigent borrower from the excessive 
demands of the extortionate money lender. In the general sum total, 
the trend of influence of organized labor upon the Georgia legislature 
has been in favor of the amelioration of the burdens of the unfortunate 
and the exaltation of the individual into a higher and broader life. 
Organized labor has generally been favorable to education, and its 
representatives have encouraged the dissemination of knowledge every- 
where. This is to be expected of any order whose purpose is to elevate 
mankind. 

"I further state that when the whole state of Georgia was in a turmoil 
over the convict lease system, it was organized labor that wrote the clause 
to protect free labor and was one of the greatest factors in passing the 
bill which is now a law. I am eternally and forever opposed to child 
labor as a blight on civilization and I am tooth and nail for state-wide 
compulsory education and for furnishing free books to every child in 
Georgia. If wise heads and kind hearts continue to control the federa- 
tion of labor so that the rights of both employer and employe will be 
recognized and the absolute necessity of aiding the welfare of both be 
accepted, the result will be beneficial to everybody. The best and noblest 



564 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

ideals of the individual of the organization are comprehended in the 
effort to uplift humanity and render it aid." 

Mr. McCarthy was married in Savannah to Miss 'Minnie Baker, a 
native of Augusta, Georgia. Into their household have been born four 
children — Thomas, Minnie, Joseph, Jr., and Helen. The eldest son, 
Thomas, has charge of his father's interest in the grocery store of Green- 
field & McCarthy on West Broad street. In May, 1912, Miss Minnie 
was married to Clarence L. Harris of Atlanta, son of C. L. Harris, a 
prominent insurance man of Atlanta. Mr. and Mrs. Harris reside at 
Atlanta. 

Albert Wylly. One of the most conspicuous figures in the recent 
history of Savannah is the well-known gentleman whose name intro- 
duces this review. An enumeration of the men of the state who have 
won honor and public recognition for themselves and at the same time 
have honored the community in which they live would be incomplete 
without reference to him as a political leader and director of opinion. 
Albert Wylly is active in the many-sided life of the city as property 
owner and county commissioner, and he is the scion of one of the oldest 
and most prominent families in all Chatham county. No name is more 
highly regarded and in many generations bearers of the name of Wylly 
have given valiant service to the country in times of both peace and 
war. The Wyllys are an exceptionally strong race of men, each gen- 
eration having retained and transmitted the strength and virility of its 
predecessors. They have never deteriorated and down to the present 
time each generation of the Wyllys has been represented by strong, 
clean, high-minded citizens, upholding the traditional honor and high 
ideals of the family's progenitors. Without exception they have been 
highly educated and successful and prosperous in life. At the present 
time in Savannah the descendants of the three original Wylly brothers 
are among the most representative men of affairs in the city. Not only 
have they achieved personal success, but their devotion to the public 
good is not questioned and arises from a sincere interest in the welfare 
of their fellow men. 

Albert Wylly was born in Savannah on the 25th day of October, 
1859, the son of George W. and Sarah Anne (Revel) Wylly. George W. 
Wylly died at his home in Savannah in 1906 at the age of ninety years, 
his birth having occurred in this city in 1816. During the active period 
of his life he was one of the city's most prominent and successful 
business men and for a long number of years a leading figure in- its 
affairs. He had held many positions of trust and responsibility at the 
hands of the public, among which was that of mayor pro tern of Savan- 
nah during the entire period of the Avar between the states, or until 
Sherman's army came into Savannah, upon which occasion he turned 
the city over to General Sherman. His eldest son. Col. William H. 
Wylly, commanded a regiment in the Confederate army. Another son, 
Dr. King Wylly. although a very yoiuig physician, acted in the capacity 
of surgeon for the Confederacy. Both of these sons have since died. 
Dr. King Wylly went to France at the breaking out of the Franco-Prus- 
sian war and became a surgeon in the French army. Tn testimonial 
of his services he Avas presented with the medal of the Legion of Honor, 
having distinguished himself in the siege of Paris. Tavo cousins of 
the subject's father — Capt. Robert Habersham Wylly and William 
C. Wylly, were also in the Confederate army and one of George W. 
Wylly 's was a captain of the Jasper Irish Greens, going out from 
Savannah in the Mexican war. 

George W. Wylly, father of the immediate subject of this brief 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 565 

review, was the son of William C. Wylly, who in turn was the son of, 
Thomas Wylly and the latter was the son of William Wylly. Thomas 
Wylly was an officer in the American Revolution and thus the present 
generation are in direct line for membership in the Society of Cincin- 
nati. William Wylly was a brother of Col. Richard Wylly and of 
Campbell Wylly and it was these who founded the Wylly family in 
America. They were of an English family, but came from the North 
of Ireland early in the eighteenth century to the West Indies and went 
thence to Savannah not long after the founding of the city by Ogle- 
thorpe in 1733. Their descendants, as noted above, have x'esided here 
continuously ever since. Colonel Richard Wylly was a Continental 
officer in the Revolution. Mr. Wylly 's paternal grandmother was Naomi 
(Dasher) Wylly, a daughter of Martin Dasher, who was the son of 
Thomas Dasher, all of Savannah and representative of another old 
family in the city. Thomas Dasher was an Englishman by birth, but 
followed the beckoning finger of opportunity from the shores of the 
new world. He located in Savannah and was given a grant of two thou- 
sand acres in its vicinity by the king of England. The subject's mother, 
whose demise occurred many years ago, was a member of the noted 
Chitty family of South Carolina, of French Huguenot descent. 

Mr. Wylly and his brothers and sisters were all afforded the best 
of educational facilities both in America and Europe. He, himself, 
received his finishing education in Princeton University, where he was 
graduated in the class of 1879, a classmate and intimate companion of 
Woodrow Wilson, who graduated in the same class. 

Mr. Wylly has always taken an active part in the affairs of the city 
and county and has large property and financial interests. He was 
elected a member of the board of county commissioners of Chatham 
county in 1903 and has since served in that capacity, with credit to 
himself and honor and profit to his constituents. 

It is by no means difficult to understand Mr. Wylly 's remarkable 
loyalty to the city with which his honored forebears have so long been 
identified and upon which his own interest and affection are centered. 
A glance at the careers of the present-day Wyllies is indeed edifying, 
for the usual student of biography confesses to an eager desire to trace 
the ancestral forces that are united in every son and daughter of 
unusual force and ability. No fine soul appears suddenly ; the foothills 
slope upward, and mental and moral capital are treasures invested for 
us by our forefathers. 

Mr. Wylly has three brothers and a sister, viz. : Fred C, Martin 
Dasher, George W. and Miss Naomi A. Wylly. 

William Murray Davidson, property owner and real estate, dealer, 
is one of the prominent citizens of the city of Savannah, a power in 
the business world and of most distinguished stock. As his name indi- 
cates, he is of Scotch descent and is a fine representative of the people, 
who never conqiiered, though often beaten, finally gave kings to Eng- 
land, field marshals to France and Prussia and Russia, cardinals to 
Rome, the second greatest man to the Reformation and to America a 
body of citizens whose priceless value cannot be reckoned and who have 
made such an imprint upon our history that any of our citizens are 
proud to claim Scotch blood. 

Mr. Davidson was born in Savannah on the 27th day of August, 
1862, the son of Capt. W. M. and Sarah Anne (Mclntire) Davidson. 
Captain Davidson was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, in the year 1821. 
He came to Savannah in 1840 and in 1844 established himself as a mer- 
chant in a location on Congress street between Jefferson and Barnard. 



566 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Before the war he had joined the Chatham Artillery of Savannah, of 
which he was second lieutenant when the war broke ,out. He gave up 
his business to go into the Confederate army and was in active service 
throughout the war. He was in command of the company of infantry 
that was the last to leave Savannah when General Sherman's army 
occupied the city, his command having had charge of the breastworks 
on the canal west of the city. After the war he resumed business, in 
which he continued for several years, and he served three terms as 
alderman of the city of Savannah. The demise of this highly respected 
and well remembered gentleman occurred in Savannah in 1894. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Davidson was Capt. George David- 
son of the British navy, who was captain of one of the quarter decks of 
the ship "Superb" under Nelson at the battle of Trafalgar. Follow- 
ing this battle he retired from the navy and became the owner of sub- 
stantial property interests in Fifeshire. In his later years he came to 
America, but did not locate in Savannah. From that time he main- 
tained his residence in New York and was buried in Greenwood ceme- 
tery. Mr. Davidson's grandaunt, on his father's side, was the wife of 
William Murray of Scotland, who was a distinguished jurist and held 
the position of lord advocate of Edinburgh. Lady Amelia Murray, his 
sister, was lady in waiting on the Duchess of Kent, mother of Que,en 
Victoria. She made an extended visit to America during the period 
before the war in which slavery was the great issue of discussion. She 
traveled through the North and the South and visited for some time 
in Savannah. On her return to Scotland she wrote her views of the 
American situation; which, being published widespread and being con- 
trary to the views expressed by Harriet Beecher Stowe in her work 
entitled "Uncle Tom's Cabin," was the cause of her dismissal from her 
position in the household of the Duchess of Kent ; the official reason 
being her interference in American affairs. The Davidson family are 
prominently connected with the history of Dunfermline and the sub- 
ject's father was the first child to be baptized in Dunfermline Abbey 
after the reinterring of the remains of King Robert Bruce in the abbey 
about 1822. The abbey and indeed the entire borough are rich in the 
most romantic Scottish history. In the latter many of the kings were 
born and in the former are interred many of the most celebrated char- 
acters in Caledonian annals. The mother of the immediate subject of 
this review was the daughter of Andrew Mclntire, who came to Savan- 
nah from Donegal, Ireland, in 1820. 

William Murray Davidson was educated in this city, taking his first 
draughts at the "Pierian Spring" as a pupil in the old Barnard street 
school, and subsequently becoming a pupil in Chatham Academy and 
studying under the private tutelage of Prof. C. C. Talliaferro. He 
also attended for three months Eastman business college at Poughkeep- 
sie. New York. In 1879, at the age of eighteen years he took charge 
of his father's business and conducted the same about twenty years. 
For several years past Mr. Davidson has been engaged in real estate 
transactions and is the owner of valuable property interests in Savan- 
nah. He is a director of the Real Estate Bank and Trust Company and 
has other interests of broad scope and importance. He keeps in touch 
with all valuable public works and is a member of the Savannah public 
library board. He is president of the St. Andrews Society. 

Mr. Davidson was married to Miss Jennie Wyly, who was born in 
Jacksonville, Alabama. They have one child. William Murray David- 
son, and their household is the abode of culture and gracious hospi- 
tality. Mrs. Davidson is a direct descendant of John Sevier. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 567 

Thomas Purse. It is safe to say that no citizen of the common- 
wealth of Georgia is more widely and favorably known than Thomas' 
Purse, secretary and superintendent of the Savannah board of trade, one 
of the most important and efficient bodies of its kind in the United 
States. Mr. Purse was elected to this highly important office in 1907, 
and he has since met its responsibilities with distinction. Since its 
organization in 1883 the Savannali board of trade lias steadily developed 
into a powerful factor in the commercial life of the south and Mr. Purse 
has been influential in bringing about the accomplishment of its objects, 
which are : to maintain a commercial exchange ; to promote uniformity 
in the customs and usages of merchants ; to inculcate principles of 
justice and equity in trade; to facilitate the speedy adjustment of 
business disputes; to acquire and disseminate valuable commercial and 
economic information and generally to secure to its members the benefits 
of co-operation in the furtherance of their legitimate pursuits. Through 
one of its departments, naval stores alone, it is known throughout the 
world of trade and commerce; and its renown through its connection 
with the great lumber interests is almost equally widespread. The 
board's activities and usefulness, however, are not confined to these two 
industries ; it is the keystone upon which rests all of the extensive 
commercial, industrial, mercantile and financial activities of Savannah. 
In aiding local concerns in the extension of Savannah's trade; in pro- 
moting substantial improvements of every kind in the city ; in the build- 
ing of new railroads ; in opposing or favoring proposed state or national 
legislation, accordingly as it is objectionable or beneficent; in securing 
harbor and wharfage improvements; in locating new enterprises; in 
securing new territory for local concerns — in all of these and in many 
more ways the body has been of the greatest usefulness. In fact, it has 
done and is doing everything possible that it can do in a conservative 
way for the welfare and development of one of the most beautiful and 
progressive cities of the South. 

• Mr. Purse has become known as one of the expert board of trade 
officials in the country. With the foundation of expert knowledge as a 
statistician, which forms an important feature of the board's work, 
he is in addition a thoroughly live, resourceful and efficient official in 
carrying out the greatly varied activities of the board. He takes up the 
various matters affecting shipping interests, both ocean and rail, and 
is highly successful in adjusting such. He keeps in touch constantly 
with the many ramifications of the board of trade's interests, not only 
with local trade, but with the commerce of the world. His is a fasci- 
nating profession, and to meet its requirements he is peculiarly fitted. 

Mr. Purse is a native son of Savannah and one of those who have 
elected to remain permanently within its borders. The date of his birth 
was March 19, 1874, and his parents were Capt. Daniel G. and Laura 
(Ashby) Purse, the former, now deceased, a native of Savannah, and 
the latter, who survives, a native of Fauquier county, Virginia. 

Thomas Purse was educated in the public schools of Savannah and 
in the Georgia Military Institute, near Atlanta. For ten years he was 
employed in the accounting department of the Antwerp Naval Stores 
Company in Savannah. Following this he was connected as an expert 
accountant with the firm of Mustin & Marsh, public accountants, and in 
1907, as previously mentioned, accepted his present position as super- 
intendent and secretary of the Savannah board of trade. 

Mr. Purse's wife, before marriage, was Miss Elizabeth Morrison, 
who was born in South Carolina. When she was a child her parents 
died and she was reared and educated by her grandfather, Hon. John 
Lawton, of Lawtonville, South Carolina, one of the leading citizens 



568 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

of that state. Mrs. Purse is now one of the well-known hostesses in 
exclusive social circles of the Forest city. Their union was celebrated 
on the 5th clay of May, 1898, and they share their home with two 
children : Thomas, Jr., and Elizabeth Lawton. 

Mr. Purse is a member of St. John's Episcopal church, and he is a 
Scottish Rite Mason. For some years previous to his marriage he was 
an active member of Company B, Savannah Volunteer Guards, and he 
is still interested in things military. 

In 1908, C'apt. Daniel G. Purse, father of the foregoing gentleman 
and one of Savannah's foremost citizens in any day or generation, 

"Gave his honors to the world again, 
His blessed part to Heaven ; and slept in peace. ' ' 

Captain Purse was one to whom public spirit and civic loyalty was 
far more than a mere rhetorical expression and it may truly be said that 
there was nothing of public import in the Forest city during his life- 
long residence here in which he was not helpfully interested. It was, 
however, not merely in the capacity of a helper that he was valuable in 
the economic and civic history of his native city and state, for he was 
a man of great initiative, with a rare capacity for the handling of 
affairs of great scope and importance, and in the splendid ideas which 
he metamorphosed into realities he finished to himself a monument 
more enduring than bronze. When the nation went down into the 
valley of decision in the dark days of the '60s, firm in the conscientious 
conviction of the supreme right of the states to sever their connection 
with the national government, he enlisted in the Confederate service 
and served as 6fficer during the war. 

Captain Purse was born in this city November 14, 1839, the son 
of Thomas and Eliza Jane (Gugle) Purse, the former a native of 
Winchester, Virginia, and the latter of Savannah, Georgia. Thomas 
Purse came to this city in youth and played a prominent part in its 
affairs. In 1849-50 he represented his district in the state senate and 
in 1862 was mayor of Savannah; for many years before and after that 
period he was a member of the board of aldermen, and he filled many 
other civil and political positions of distinction and honor. He held the 
institutions of the South in ardent affection and it was a great trial to 
him that he could not enter the ranks of the Confederate army in Civil 
war times, but physical infirmities made this impossible. He passed 
to the great beyond at the age of seventy years, but there are many of 
the elder generation who still remember this man of fiery enthusiasm 
and loyal energy. He was one of the original projectors and promoters 
of the Central of Georgia Railroad. lie was its first superintendent and 
he invented the first time-table ever employed in the operation of rail- 
road trains, the equated principle which he formulated being now 
utilized on railroads throughout the world. 

Capt. Daniel G. Purse received his early education in private schools 
in Savannah and Sandersville, Georgia, subsequently entering Emory 
College at Oxford, Georgia, which institution he left at the end of his 
junior year (in 1857), to take a commercial course in Pittsburgh. Penn- 
sylvania, under Peter Duff, a celebrated accountant of that day. His 
first adventure as an active factor in the busy world was in a pedagogical 
capacity, taking charge of Monteith academy in Savannah, but retain- 
ing his preceptorship only for a twelvemonth. He then accepted a clerk- 
ship and shortly after bought out a paint and oil business, which he 
was successfully conducting at the outbreak of the war between the 
states. When hostilities began lie was not able to leave with Company 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 569 

A of the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, with which he had been previously 
connected. Later he took an active part in recruiting and organizing' 
Company B, which was attached to the First Georgia Volunteer Infan- 
try and of which he became third sergeant. He was serving as sergeant- 
major at Fort Pulaski when he was transferred to the ordinance depart- 
ment at Savannah and served most acceptably in this department from 
November, 1861, to November, 1864. Within this period he was tendered 
and declined a second lieutenancy in a camp of instruction in the 
northern part of the state and was offered the captaincy of a company 
in the field, but his services in the ordnance department were considered 
so valuable that it declined to release him at the time, with the under- 
standing that he was to be commissioned and assigned to duty in the 
field as soon as he could be spared. In November. 1864, he was ordered 
to Augusta. Georgia, where he organized an engineer's supply station 
for the military department of Georgia, South Carolina and Florida, 
with a commission as military storekeeper of the corps of engineers 
and the pay and allowance of captain of infantry. He was always 
under the direct command of Gen. J. F. Gilmer, chief of engineers in 
the Confederate service. In 1862, while in the ordnance department, 
as the result of a severe illness, Captain Purse was rendered unfit for 
field service. He served in the engineer's corps until the close of the 
war, receiving a parole at Athens, Georgia, August 16, 1865, at the 
hands of Maj. M. A. Ewen, of the One hundred and sixty-sixth New 
York volunteers and provost marshal. He then returned to Savannah 
and in the beautiful old city lived out the remainder of his life. 

He was long connected with the Central of Georgia Railway and 
for fourteen years successively was elected president of the Savannah 
board of trade, resigning in his fourteenth term on account of the 
pressure of private business interests. From 1881 to 1885 he served 
as president of the Savannah Bank & Trust Company. He was at the 
time of his death president of the Interstate Sugar-Cane Growers' Asso- 
ciation, which accomplished a magnificent work in promoting the sugar 
industry in the South.' He completed the circle of both the York and 
Scottish Rites of Masonry, taking the thirty-second degree in the 
latter. He was a leading member and communicant of St. John's church, 
Protestant Episcopal, in which he served as secretary, treasurer and 
vestryman, retiring as senior warden of the church, from parochial 
office, in 1895. 

On December 20, 1865, Captain Purse was united in marriage to 
Miss Laura Ashby, daughter of Marshall and Lucy (Cooke) Ashby, 
of Fauquier county, Virginia. His married life was in all respects the 
fruition of his early hopes and the union was blessed by the birth of 
four children. 

To enumerate the movements for civic and state progress and bet- 
terment with which Captain Purse was identified, would be almost to 
give a summary of the history of the progress of Savannah during the 
entire period of his active years, the impress of his enterprise, vigor and 
zeal being stamped upon every material undertaken that fostered the 
growth and prestige of the city of his birth. As alderman and chairman 
of the finance committee in 1877, after Savannah had been scourged 
and rendered almost bankrupt through the yellow fever epidemic of 
the preceding year, he succeeded in funding an oppressive bonded 
indebtedness upon terms much more favorable to the city than the most 
optimistic thought possible, maintaining, meanwhile, the respect and 
confidence of the city's creditors and his fellow citizens. When he 
advanced the idea that a railway should be constructed across nearly 
twenty miles of salt marsh to Tybee island, it was received with doubt 



570 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

and its author was pronounced a visionary ; yet he built it, and the 
island is now the favorite summer resort of many Savannah and Georgia 
people. He was president of the road until it passed into the control 
of the Central of Georgia Railway, on terms most favorable to the 
original owners. The domestic water supply of Savannah was drawn 
from a muddy river and unsanitary surface wells. Captain Purse put 
down the first artesian well in Savannah and the second in the state, 
demonstrating the fact that unfailing crystal waters flow in subter- 
ranean channels to the sea, and as the result of his experimentation the 
towns, cities and islands of the south Atlantic coast have a pure water 
supply, drawn from depths ranging from two hundred to fifteen hun- 
dred feet. Savannah's entire water supply is now derived from artesian 
wells. Upon the very beach of Tybee island, where the salt waves wash 
its white sands, Captain Purse sunk artesian wells and fresh water was 
found for thirsty pleasure seekers. He was the leader in the project 
for the deepening of the channel in the river from Savannah to the sea. 
"With unparalleled energy he instituted a campaign of education, enlist- 
ing the interest and support of congressmen in every state in the Union, 
at a time when there was a growing tendency to curtail river and harbor 
appropriations. By his pen and voice, by his visits to state governors 
and to commercial bodies in the principal cities of the AYest and South, 
and by attending meetings of state agricultural societies, he marshaled 
a corps of auxiliaries that made the way easy for the generous appro- 
priations which resulted in the deepening of the channel of the Savannah 
river so that vessels drawing 32 feet can now enter and depart from 
the harbor, the result being that Savannah has stupendous shipping 
interests, ranking her as the first seaport of the south Atlantic coast. 

During the five years the Savannah bureau of freight and trans- 
portation was in operation Captain Purse was its able and zealous 
commissioner, the organization doing a wonderful work for Savannah 
in the way of regulating freight rates and adjusting other matters 
touching the commercial welfare of the city. In purely local enter- 
prises he was repeatedly chosen the leader ; in securing the camp for 
Lee's army corps at Savannah in 1898; in bringing President AleKinley 
and his cabinet to the city in 1899, and Admiral and Airs. Dewey in 
1900 ; in securing to Savannah its massive Georgia marble government 
building and in securing the site for the DeSoto hotel. He took great 
interest in legislation for the prevention of adulterated foods and 
contributed earnest and logical essays to the press of the country iu 
advocacy of federal legislation in this direction. The pure syrup law 
of Georgia owes its passage largely to the public sentiment created by 
his public letters and his personal efforts throughout the state and at 
the national capital. 

Gen. Alexander Robert Lawton. This celebrated lawyer, states- 
man and officer of the Civil war was born in St. Peter's Parish, 
Beaufort District. Sonth Carolina, November 4. 1818. and died at 
Clifton Springs, New York. July 2. 1896. lie was the son of Alex- 
ander James Lawlon and Martha Mosse, natives of South Carolina 
and Georgia, respectively. The Lawton family was an old one in 
Sonth Carolina, and General Lawton was the grandson of Joseph Law- 
ton, a planter of Edisto Island, that state, who later removed to Bean- 
fort District, South Carolina, where he passed the remainder of his 
life. lie was a lieutenant in the Continental line in the war of the 
Revolution, and his patriotism and public spirit were transmitted in 
fullest measure to the subject. 

At the age of sixteen years, young Alexander Robert entered AYest 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 571 

Point Military Academy, and was graduated from that institution in ; 
1839. He entered the United States army as second lieutenant in the 
First Artillery, but resigned his commission December 31, 1840, to enter 
the law school of Harvard University. After completing the law 
course there he settled in Savannah and in this city entered upon the 
career which was to prove so useful and distinguished. In 1855-56 he 
served as a member of the lower house of the legislature and in 1859-60 
represented his constituency in the state senate, with an eye single to 
the interests of the people, accomplishing much in these years of public 
service. 

When the Civil war opened he was colonel of the First Georgia Regi- 
ment of Infantry, composed of Savannah citizens, but on the day of the 
fall of Fort Sumter he was appointed brigadier general in the Confeder- 
ate army, commanding the Georgia Military District, C. S. army. He 
served with distinction in the Army of Northern Virginia until severely 
wounded at the battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland. Upon his recovery, he 
was (in 1863) made quartermaster general of the Confederate army 
and held this position until the conclusion of the great conflict. The 
brigade of which he had command at the beginning of the war was 
assigned to Ewell's Division, Jackson Corps. General Lawton's military 
record was a gallant and unblemished one; he was a remarkably effi- 
cient officer, successful in inspiring his men with courage and greatly 
beloved by them. 

At the close of the war, he accepted the new conditions with manly 
vigor and frankness, and gladly laying down the sword, betook him- 
self to his law practice. He was again sent to represent Chatham county 
in the Georgia legislature, this time serving from 1870 to 1875. In 
1877 he was a member of the Constitutional Convention ; in 1876 was 
president of the State Electoral College ; in 1880 and 1884 chairman 
of the state delegations to the national Democratic conventions. In 
April, 1887, he was appointed by President Cleveland to the post of 
minister to Austria, and his embassadorial duties he performed with 
distinction during that term. He was for many years general counsel 
and a director of the Central Railroad & Banking Company of Georgia, 
the responsibilities of which office is now successfully vested in his 
son. Col. A. R. Lawton. His identification with Georgia railway affairs 
did not end with this for he was also at one time president of the 
Augusta & Savannah Railroad. He was a curator of the Georgia His- 
torical Society and served as alderman of the city of Savannah from 
1853 to 1855. In all relations, he was a credit to his city and every 
cause with which he became aligned had reason to be proud of its rep- 
resentative. He was one of the most public-spirited of men, in his 
breast burning brightly the spirit of civic altruism and keen indeed 
was his recognition of individual obligation to the public weal. 

In 1880, General Lawton became candidate for the United States 
senate in opposition to Gov. Joseph E. Brown. He entered the race 
entirely against his own will, without the slightest hope of success 
from the beginning, but as the generally accepted representative of 
those who desired to enter a strenuous protest against the placing of 
Governor Brown in the senate in succession to Gen. John B. Gordon. 
He was a great friend and admirer of General Gordon and one of the 
griefs and disappointments of his life was the happenings of the year 
1880, to which he never referred with anger, nor with resentment, but 
always with deep sorrow. The tie between the two generals was 
strong indeed, and Lawton's Brigade, after the injury of its commander 
at Sharpsburg, became Gordon's Brigade. 

General Lawton's marriage on November 5, 1845, proved in fullest 



572 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

degree the fruition of his early hopes. The young woman to become his 
wife was Sarah Hillhouse Alexander, daughter of Adam Leopold Alex- 
ander, of Washington, Georgia and of Sarah Hillhouse Gilbert, his wife. 
Mrs. Lawton was the second of the ten Alexander children, of whom 
the sixth was the late Gen. Edward Porter Alexander, chief of artillery, 
Longstreet's Corps, C. S. A., president of the Central Railroad & Bank- 
ing Company of Georgia, etc. ; the seventh member of the family was 
James Hillhouse Alexander, for many years a merchant in Augusta and 
for some time mayor of that city. The Alexanders were in truth an un- 
usual family. The father was the same Adam Leopold Alexander, to whom 
is addressed the very beautiful dedication of Mr. Alexander II. Steph- 
ens' "Reviewers Reviewed," the same being the answer to the critics 
of his "War Between the States." The six daughters of Mr. Alexander 
were all remarkable women, and the very flower of the family was 
Mrs. Lawton, to whom was undoubtedly due a very large part of the 
successful career of her husband. She was a woman of the highest 
intellect and most extensive cultivation, with an unequaled will power 
and self control, truly, 

"A noble woman, nobly planned, 
To warn, to comfort and command." 

Their domestic life was flawless ; it was an ideal of Christian mar- 
riage ; he a true and tender knight to his chosen lady ; she the wise and 
charming counselor in all his undertakings. 

General and Mrs. Lawton celebrated their golden wedding anni- 
versary, November 5, 1895, surrounded by their children and grand- 
children. The eldest daughter, Corinne Elliott, born September 21, 
1846, died January 24, 1877. Louisa Frederika, born June 9, 1849, 
married in 1878 Leonard C. Mackall, of Baltimore, Maryland, and to 
their union three children were born, all of whom are living. Nora 
married in 1886 Henry C. Cunningham, of Savannah, Georgia, and they 
have one daughter living. Alexander Rudolf Lawton married April 
27, 1882, Ella Beckwith, daughter of Rt. Rev. John W. Beckwith, 
Episcopal bishop of Georgia, and the two sons of this union both are 
living. Less than a year later General Lawton passed away and this 
beautiful companionship of half a century was terminated. Mrs. Law- 
ton survived her husband but a year, dying in New York City, No- 
vember 1, 1897. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Lawton, Adam Alexander, was a 
citizen of the old town of Sunlmry, Liberty county. Georgia, and a 
surgeon-major in the Revolutionary war. Concerning her sisters the 
following data is herewith entered. The eldest, Louisa, married Maj.- 
Gen. J. F. Gilmer, chief of engineers, C. S. A. ; Harriet married Wal- 
lace Cumming, cashier of the old Bank of the State of Georgia, and 
afterward a private banker in Savannah; Mary Clifford married 
George Gilmer Hull, prominent in railroad operations and construc- 
tion in Georgia, before, during and after the war; Marion married 
the Rev. William Ellison Hoggs, a distinguished Presbyterian minister 
and some time chancellor of the University of Georgia: and Alice mar- 
ried Col. Alexander C. Haskell of South Carolina, a distinguished 
Confederate soldier, who as chairman of the Democratic executive 
committee, was in charge of the celebrated South Carolina campaign 
of 1876, when Hampton was elected governor, and was afterward judge 
of the supreme court of South Carolina. 

The following memorial of General Lawton. presented February 17, 
1897, to the Supreme Court of Georgia by Judge Samuel B. Adams in 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 573 

behalf of the bar of Savannah, and ordered to be filed in the archives oij 
the court and published, is an eloquent tribute to the subject both as a 
lawyer and as a man. 
"Gentlemen of the Bar: 

"Your committee appointed to submit a report touching upon the 
death of our late fellow member, Alexander R. Lawton, Esq., realizes 
fully their inability to do justice either to the subject or to your esteem 
for him, in a report as brief as this must be. 

"Alexander Robert Lawton was born in St. Peter's Parish, Beau- 
fort District, South Carolina, on the 4th day of November, 1818, and 
departed this life on the 1st day of July, 1896, having nearly completed 
his seventy-eighth year. He was the son of Alexander James Lawton 
and Martha Mosse. He was born upon the plantation purchased by 
his grandfather, Joseph Lawton, in March, 1776. His lineage was a 
proud one and he worthily bore his name. 

"General Lawton became a member of this bar in 1843 and so con- 
tinued until his death, although for some time before his decease he had 
retired from active practice. To the last, however, he was a member 
of our profession, took a lively interest in all that concerned it, and 
died the president of the Savannah Bar Association. His professional 
life in this city may, therefore, be said to have continued (the late 
war excepted) for more than fifty years. While he served his state 
and country in the legislature, in the field, as the quartermaster-gen- 
eral of the Confederacy, in the Constitutional Convention, and as a 
foreign minister, yet he was always a lawyer and cheerfully gave his 
full homage to the calling of his choice and affection, recognized al- 
ways as a 'jealous mistress.' 

"It is not in our province to speak of his career in public office, where 
fidelity to duty, singleness of purpose and intelligent appreciation of re- 
sponsibility, characterized him ; of his career as a soldier, signalized by 
calm, unflinching courage and devotion to the cause which he 
had espoused ; but rather to call attention to those traits which dis- 
tinguished him as a lawyer. 

"The first and most important thought in connection with his career 
is that he illustrated, as so many others have done, that a man can be 
an eminently successful lawyer and yet a rigidly honest, candid and 
truthful man. General Lawton met with conspicuous success in his 
profession. He enjoyed more than a state reputation. He was in the 
front rank of the South 's lawyers. For many years he did a large 
and lucrative practice, and, tested by any standard, he enjoyed the 
full measure of success. And yet the most cynical and uncharitable 
could never question the absolute rectitude and conduct of his speech. 
He was always and everywhere the high-minded, dignified, truth-loving 
gentleman, the soul of honor, despising every form of sham, dishon- 
esty and deceit. No man, we assert, has ever lived in this community 
who enjoyed, or deserved, more fully than he did, the confidence of 
our people. No matter how sharp the difference in opinion and judg- 
ment, no one who knew him could ever question the honor or jurity of 
his purpose. With him 'duty' was always the 'sublimest word in the 
language ; ' and in every emergency he fully answered its most exacting 
demands. This was illustrated in his professional life. He was never 
unmindful of his duty to a client, to the court, or to his fellow lawyers. 

"We have never had in Georgia any member of our profession who 
more carefully or consistently observed and enforced its ethics and its 
best traditions. He scorned the thought now unhappily finding expres- 
sion in conduct, if not in spoken avowal, that the law was a mere 
money-making trade. With him it was always a profession, high and 
honorable, demanding for its proper pursuit, not only attainments of 
learning and mind, but also a high sense of honor and propriety, the 
best qualities of a gentleman. 



574 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

"He practiced only in the courthouse; he argued his cases there only. 
He did not discuss them in the newspapers, or seek -their applause. 
He never sought, directly or indirectly, newspaper advertisement of 
his professional achievements, or a newspaper reputation. At the 
same time he fully appreciated kind and pleasant allusions to him in 
the press, which were unsought and unsolicited, and came like other 
recognitions of his merit. 

"General Lawton's mental characteristics were strong, clear com- 
mon sense; the ability to grasp quickly, even intuitively, the salient 
points of a case, and to press them home with singular clearness and 
cogency. His speeches were short, pointed and pithy. He wasted no 
words, went at once to the heart of his subject, never floundered or 
wandered, and, when he was through, realized that he was, and sat 
down. Even in the most important cases, involving large amounts, he 
never made what may be termed a long speech. He simply could not 
discuss trifling or immaterial points, and confined his entire thought 
and effort to the salient and controlling features of his case. He used 
in his arguments very few law books. This does not mean that he 
did not consult a great many, if necessary, but that he selected the 
best and used only them. He loved to argue from reason and principle 
and was not a slave to mere precedent. He was not a case lawyer, but 
one well grounded in the fundamental maxims of the law, and he used 
most those books which dealt in these basic principles. In these days 
of digests and ready-made briefs, when the merest tyro, without any 
learning or perhaps the capacity to learn, can make a show of erudition 
by citing innumerable decisions without having read or understood any 
of them, this plan, so successfully pursued by General Lawton. is 
worthy of special mention. 

"But, gentlemen of the bar, the necessary brevity of this report 
prevents us from saying much that we would like to say. "We think 
of General Lawton today, not so much as the conspicuous citizen, or 
the eminent lawyer to whom came honors like that of the presidency of 
the American Bar Association, and a distinguished career : but rather 
as a member of our own, the Savannah bar, which is indebted to his 
stainless life in our midst for wholesome and ennobling lessons, for the 
honor his connection with us has done us, and for the rich legacy of 
his example. Let us gratefully cherish our proud recollections of him, 
and let us be stimulated by his career to a truer appreciation of the 
duties and dignity of our calling and of our obligation to its demands 
and responsibilities. Let us never disgrace it by conduct or word, 
and let us, as he did, 'magnify our office.' 

"We submit the following resolutions: 

"1. That this bar recognizes that in the death of General Lawton 
our profession has lost one of its real ornaments whose long and illus- 
trious career has shed honor upon our profession and made it his 
grateful debtor. 

"2. That a copy of this report and these resolutions be spread 
upon the minutes of our Superior Court, and another be sent by our 
secretary to the family of General Lawton. 

"3. That the Superior and City courtrooms be draped in mourning 
for thirty days and thai the judge of the Superior Court lie requested 
In adjourn his court in honor of General Lawton's memory. 

Samuel B. Adams. 
Pope Barrow. 
William Garrard. 
Walter G. Charlton- . 
P. W. Meldrim, 

Committee." 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 575 

Col. Alexander Rudolf Lawton. The history of the legal 
profession in the South presents a chronicle of importance and dis-' 
traction and the state of Georgia has assuredly contributed its quota 
to the whole. In legal annals of the state a name of pre-eminence is 
that of Lawton, two generations of the family having been lawyers of 
honor and fame, who have done much to preserve the dignity of their 
calling and the honor which should be the pride of the profession. The 
city of Savannah has been the scene of their distinguished careers and 
the younger of these gentlemen, Col. Alexander Rudolf Lawton, 
is today one of Savannah's leading citizens. In addition to a large 
general practice, he is vice-president of the Central of Georgia Railway, 
and also one of its general counsel, and his remarkable grasp on cor- 
poration law is known beyond the boundaries of the state. He has been 
a marvel to the profession in many respects, seeming to leap into the 
arena fully armed and equipped for the fiercest fight and legal battle 
with most renowned barristers when a very young man. His reputation 
has been reinforced with the passing years and he is recognized as one 
of the masters of the craft throughout the state. The father of the 
foregoing, Gen. Alexander Robert Lawton, whose demise occurred 
July 2, 1896, was one of Georgia's greatest lawyers in any day or 
generation. He was also a splendid officer and a detailed account of 
his life and achievements will be given in the article succeeding. 

Colonel Lawton is a native son of the Forest city, within whose 
delightful borders his birth occurred August 9, 1858. He received an 
unusually brilliant education and early in youth he came to the con- 
clusion to follow in the paternal footsteps in the matter of a life work. 
When a lad eight years of age he was taken to Paris and in the French 
capital pursued his studies during the years 1866 and 1867. Thereupon 
returning to Savannah, he studied in public and private schools in this 
city and ultimately entered the University of Georgia, from which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1877, at the age of nineteen years, receiv- 
ing the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During the ensuing summer, he 
was a student in the Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, New 
York, and in the fall entered upon his preparation for the law. He 
studied law in the law department of the Universitv of Virginia in 
1878 and 1879 and in the Harvard Law School in 1879 and 1880. In 
the year last mentioned he was admitted to the bar and entered upon 
the practice of the profession in Savannah. From the first his career 
has been of the most satisfactory character. He has been a member of 
the firm of Lawton & Cunningham, general counsel for the Central of 
Georgia Railway since 1887, succeeding General Lawton in this office 
on his retirement. His identification with the firm of Lawton & Cun- 
ningham, of which his father was at that time senior member, dates 
from the year 1882. 

It is safe to say that probably in all the state there is no one more 
familiar with certain aspects of railway and maritime affairs than 
Colonel Lawton. He has been a director of the Central of Georgia 
Railway since 1896 and since 1904 has held the office of vice-president 
of the company. He is also a director of the Atlanta & West Point 
Railroad Company, the Western Railway of Alabama, the Ocean Steam- 
ship Company and the Savannah Trust Company. His position with 
the great railway mentioned gives an idea of his caliber, and so accept- 
ably has he advised his clients in all dilemmas that he is regarded by 
them with admiration and gratitude. 

Colonel Lawton is a member of the American Bar Association, the 
American Historical Association, the Southern Historical Society, the 
American Academy of Political and Social Science and the National 



576 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Geographic Society. He is president of the Georgia Historical Society, 
by virtue of which position he also is president of Savannah 's notable 
institution, the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, which is owned 
by and under the management of the Historical Society. He is a well- 
known clubman, his membership extending to some of the most notable 
organizations in the United States. Only partially to enumerate, these 
affiliations are with the Oglethorpe Club, of Savannah; the Capital 
City Club, of Atlanta ; the University and City Midday clubs, of New 
York City ; and the Metropolitan Club, of Washington, D. C. 

Since youth, Colonel Lawton has been actively identified with things 
military in Savannah. In 1881, he enlisted as a private in the National 
Guard of Georgia and was promoted through the various ranks to that 
of colonel of the First Eegiment of Infantry. During the Spanish- 
American war in 1898, he was colonel of the First Georgia Infantry, 
United States Volunteers. 

Colonel Lawton was married in Atlanta, April 27, 1882, his chosen 
lady being Miss Ella Stanly Beckwith, daughter of the Rt. Rev. John 
W. and Ella (Brockenbrough) Beckwith, the former being bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal church of Georgia. Colonel and Mrs. Law- 
ton share their home with two sons, Alexander Robert, Jr., and John 
Beckwith. The family have an assured position in the most exclusive 
social circles in the city and their household is renowned for its culture 
and its gracious hospitality, exemplifying the highest social traditions of 
the South. 

John Avery Gere Carson. Prominent among the representative 
citizens of Savannah is John Avery Gere Carson, ex-president of the 
board of trade ; president of the Carson Naval Stores Company ; and 
prominent in commercial and financial affairs of the city. He has resided 
here for more than forty years and for a great portion of that time 
has figured conspicuously in the history of the city, to whose institutions 
he is very loyal and to whose welfare he is ever ready to contribute in 
any way within his power. 

Mr. Carson, by the circumstance of birth, belongs to Baltimore, 
Maryland, his life record having begun in that city, February 19. 1856. 
He is the son of Carvill Hynson and Sarah Frances (Gere) Carson. As 
his name indicates his ancestry on both sides represents families of dis- 
tinct prominence in the Colonial history of Maryland. His father was 
the son of David and Sarah Taylor (Hynson) Carson, the latter being 
the daughter of Charles and Sarah (Waltham) Carson. On the Hynson 
side the ancestry runs back through several generations to Thomas 
Hynson of England, who came to Maryland in 1650, settled at Kent in 
the then colony of Maryland, and became one of the commissioners in 
charge of the government of and holding of elections in Kent county. 
He also became a member of the Maryland assembly. On his moth- 
er's side Mr. Carson is descended from George Geer (as it was then 
spelled — now Gere), who with his brother, Thomas Gere, came 
from Ilevitree, Devonshire, England, to America in 1621 and settled 
in the town of Enfield. Connecticut. Thus the family was founded on 
these shores only a few months after the arrival of the Pilgrim fathers. 
The mother of Mr. Carson was born in Baltimore, the daughter of John 
Avery Gere. This admirable lady is still living in Savannah, the posses- 
sor of universal respect and esteem. The father, who died on February 
18, 1911. in Savannah, was horn at Baltimore. November 14. 1830. A 
man of unblemished record, his memory will long remain green in the 
hearts of his numerous friends and admirers. 

Mr. Carson received his education in the public schools of Baltimore 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 57.7 

and in the Normal College at Lycoming county, Pennsylvania. He 
came to Savannah with his parents in 1870 and has resided within the ' 
pleasant boundaries of the city ever since that time. On January 1, 
1884, he became identified with Mr. J. P. Williams in the latter 's busi- 
ness enterprises, and upon the organization of the J. P. Williams Com- 
pany (naval stores) in 1897, Mr. Carson became vice-president of the 
concern. In January, 1910, he organized the Carson Naval Stores Com- 
pany, which succeeded the J. P. Williams Company and of which he is 
president. The continual progress and present standing of the company 
is largely credited to the experience, executive ability, tireless energy, 
engineering skill and genius in the broad combination of applicable forces 
possessed by Mr. Carson. 

This distinguished gentleman is ex-president of the Savannah Board 
of Trade, one of the strongest organizations of its kind in the South. 
He was for nine years, from 1900 to 1909, the president of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank of Savannah, and did much to add to the confi- 
dence felt in this important monetary institution. He was alderman of 
the city from 1889 to 1893. In 1893 he was elected by the largest vote 
received by any candidate, as a member of the first board of county 
commissioners of Chatham under the new law for such boards that 
went into effect at that time. He served in that capacity until 1897, 
with credit to himself and honor and profit to the people. He has 
always been interested in affairs military and was a lieutenant in the 
Chatham Artillery in 1895 and 1896. He has been deputy governor- 
general for Georgia of the Society of the Colonial Wars since its organiza- 
tion in 1896. Since starting in business as a young man his chief inter- 
ests have been in grain, cotton and naval stores and he keeps in touch 
with Georgian resources and development. 

Fraternally, Mr. Carson is a Mason and is entitled to the white- 
plumed helmet of the Knight Templar. He is a member of the Ogle- 
thorpe Club and a life member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards. 

Mr. Carson was happily married January 29, 1879, his chosen lady 
being Miss Carrie Gordon Cubbedge, daughter of Stephen Jackson Max- 
well and Caroline Rebecca (Tubbs) Cubbedge. They share their home, 
one of the most hospitable and delightful in Savannah, with four inter- 
esting children : John Avery Gere, Jr., Gordon Cubbedge, Edwin 
Williams, and Carvill Hynson. 

J. Florance Minis, a retired citizen of Savannah, Georgia, belongs 
to one of the historic families of this state. The early record sets forth 
the fact that his great-grandfather, Philip Minis, was the first white 
male child born in Georgia. 

J. Florance Minis was born November 12, 1852, son of Abraham and 
Lavinia (Florance) Minis. His father, a native of Savannah, was 
born November 4, 1820, and died November 5, 1889, his death occurring 
in New York City. For many years he was a prominent and successful 
merchant of Savannah. He had married in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
October 22, 1851, Miss Lavinia Florance, a native of New Orleans, 
Louisiana, born May 26, 1826, daughter of Jacob L. and Hannah 
Florance, and their family consisted of six children : Jacob Florance 
Minis ; Rosina Florance Minis, who died in infancy ; Miss Maria Minis ; 
Isaac Minis ; Lavinia Florance Minis, wife of Charles I. Henry of New 
York City ; and Abram Minis. 

Isaac Minis died in New York City June 8, 1893. His wife, to whom 
he was married in Savannah March 9, 1886, was before her marriage 
Miss Eugenia Myers of Savannah ; she survives her husband, and has 
two sons, viz. : Isaac M. and Carol Minis. Mr. and Mrs. Charles I. 
Henry have two daughters, namely : Harriet and Lavinia Henry. Philip 



578 SAVANNAH AXD SOUTH GEORGIA 

Minis, an uncle of the subject of this sketch, married Miss Sarah A. 
Livingston of New York, and their children are as follows: Mrs. Alice 
Henrietta Poe of Baltimore; Annie, Charles Spalding, Philip Henry, 
John Livingston, Mary Lela, and Augusta Medora Minis. 

The paternal grandfather of J. F. Minis was Isaac Minis, and he, 
although of the Savannah family, was born in 1780, near Charleston, 
where his parents and family fled from the British troops, which at that 
time were besieging the city of Savannah. They returned to Savannah 
after the close of the Revolutionary war. Isaac Minis married Miss 
Dinah Cohen of Georgtown, South Carolina, December 4, 1803 ; she 
being the daughter of Solomon Cohen of that place. She was born .in 
Georgetown, April 12, 1787, and died in Savannah, February 17, 1874. 
Isaac Minis, her husband, had died in Philadelphia, November 17, 1856 ; 
he and his wife were buried in the family lot in Laurel Grove cemetery 
in Savannah. Isaac Minis served in the War of 1812 as a private in 
Capt. AVilliam Bulloch's company of artillery, First Regiment of Georgia 
Militia, commanded by Colonel Johnston. 

Isaac Minis was the son of Philip and Judith (Pollock) Minis; Judith 
Pollock being a member of one of the first families that settled Newport, 
just as her husband belonged to a family that was numbered among the 
first settlers of the colony of Georgia. An interesting fact, in this 
connection, is that Rhode Island and Georgia were the only two of the 
colonies where Jews were not prohibited from settling. 

Going back to Philip Minis, the great-grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, who bore the distinction of being the first male white child 
born in Georgia, it is found that this important event occurred at 
Savannah, July 11, 1734, the year following the founding of the Georgia 
colony by Oglethorpe. In substantiation of this fact, there are various 
authorities, among which is the following notice that appeared in the 
Georgia Gazette of the issue of Thursday, March 12, 1789, concerning 
the death of Philip Minis : 

"On Friday, March 6, 1789, departed this life Mr. Philip Minis, 
merchant, age 55 years. He was the first white male child born in this 
state. His remains were buried in the Jews' burial ground on Sunday 
morning, attended by a large number of respectable citizens, who by 
their solemn attention evinced how sensibly they felt the loss the com- 
munity has sustained in so valuable a man. He has left a disconsolate 
widow and five children, together with an aged and venerable mother, 
and five sisters to deplore their loss. He was an affectionate husband, a 
dutiful son, tender father and kind brother; in short, he was in every 
sense of the word a truly honest man." 

Philip Minis gave active aid and support to the colonists in the 
struggle with Great Britain, and on this account he was named in the 
Georgia Royal Disqualifying Act of 1780. 

The founder of the Minis family in Georgia was Philip Minis' father, 
Abram Minis, who, with his wife, Abigail Minis, and two daughters. 
Esther and Leah, also his brother, Simon Minis, arrived at Savannah on 
a vessel Erom London, July 11, 1733, the year after Oglethorpe's found- 
ing of the colony of Georgia. There were thirteen Jewish families on this 
vessel, and the history of their organization for the journey, in London, 
and their trials and tribulations, as well as successes, alter landing on 
Georgia soil in 1733, forms one of the interesting romances of the 
colonization of the new world. Abram Minis died in Savannah in 1757 
and was buried in the first Jewish burial plot in the city. His widow. 
Abigail Minis, in 17(50 received a grant of land from King George III. 
She died in Savannah October 11, 1794. al the age of ninety-three years. 

•I. Florance Minis, the eldest of the children of Abraham and Lavinia 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 579 

(Florance) Minis, was born November 12, 1852. In his early boyhood 
he attended Prof. W. S. Bogart's school at Savannah, and had as class-' 
mates Mr. H. H. Gilmer, Judge A. Pratt Adams, Judge Samuel B. 
Adams, the younger members of the Habersham family, the Owens boys 
and the Screven boys — all representatives of prominent families in 
Savannah. When he was fourteen years old he entered Washington 
College at Lexington, Virginia, of which Gen. Robert E. Lee was then 
president, and which, later, in his honor, was named Washington and 
Lee University. Of his own accord, Mr. Minis decided not to remain in 
college to graduate, but instead he returned to his home at Savannah, 
and on November 12, 1870, he entered his father's office as a clerk. He 
afterward became a member of the firm, the name of which was then 
changed to A. Minis & Son. In November, 1890, his father, Mr. Abraham 
Minis, died, and, Mr. Isaac Minis having previously become a member 
of the firm, the name was then changed to A. Minis' Sons. Upon the 
death of Mr. Isaac Minis in 1893, the business was continued by Mr. 
J. F. Minis under the firm name of J. F. Minis & Co. In 1905 Mr. 
Minis retired from active business, closed up the affairs of the old firm, 
and since then has devoted his attention to his private interests. He 
divides his time between his Savannah home, his country home "Rock- 
wood ' ' at Clarksville in Habersham county, and traveling in Europe. 

While in active busines, Mr. Minis served one term as president of 
the Savannah Cotton Exchange. He is now a director of the Merchants 
National Bank, director of the Savannah Trust Company, director of 
the Southwestern Railroad Company, vice-president of the Savannah 
Brewing Company. In all the principal clubs of Savannah he has 
membership, and he is a member of the board of managers of the Georgia 
Historical Society and one of .the curators of the Telfair Academy of 
Arts and Sciences. He was appointed by Gov. Joseph M. Brown as a 
member of the Oglethorpe Monument Commission, which had in charge 
the erection of the Oglethorpe Monument in Savannah, which was dedi- 
cated on November 23, 1910. 

In 1890 Mr. Minis married Miss Louisa Porter Gilmer. Mrs. Minis 
is a daughter of Gen. Jeremy F. Gilmer, a distinguished engineer, a 
graduate of West Point, who, during the war between the states, was 
chief of engineers of the Confederate government. Her mother, Louisa 
P. (Alexander) Gilmer, was a daughter of A. L. Alexander of Wash- 
ington, Wilkes county, Georgia. 

George C. Freeman. As money, or any other medium of exchange, 
is the life-blood of business and commerce, it is -evident that bankers, 
men who manage and control the circulating medium, stand related to 
the public as the physician who has his finger on the pulse of the patient 
and has the power of controlling his condition for better or worse. No 
member of the business community has a greater responsibility than the 
banker and any community or city is much to be congratulated which 
has at the head of its finances men of thorough training, stanch ability 
and moral dependability. No banker of the South is more closely typical 
of what is required in the financial manager and leader to inspire and 
retain business and commercial confidence than George C. Freeman, 
assistant to the president of the Citizens and Southern Bank, one of 
Georgia's most important monetary institutions. He has resided in 
Savannah since 1854, and has been identified with banking interests 
since 1873. 

Mr. Freeman is one of the Forest city's venerable citizens, his birth 
having occurred in Bibb county, Georgia, August 16, 1833. He is the 
son of Azel R. and Delia (Shaw) Freeman. The father was born in 



580 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

New Jersey in 1792. While still a youth he started out like the pro- 
verbial hero of romance to seek his fortunes, going with two companions 
to what was then known as the "West," crossing the 'Allegheny moun- 
tains and going down the Ohio river and finally locating in Lexington, 
Kentucky. When the War of 1812 came on Azel Freeman volunteered 
for service and joined the Kentucky Mounted Riflemen, with which 
organization he crossed the Ohio river and served with the same on the 
northern frontier. Upon the termination of hostilities, he returned to 
the Blue Grass state, but subsequently went thence to Nashville. Tennes- 
see, which city remained his home for a number of years. In 1827 he 
removed from Nashville to Bibb county, Georgia, locating where the 
present city of Macon is situated, and in Bibb county he spent the years 
which remained to him before traveling on to the undiscovered country, 

"From whose bourne no traveler returns." 
The mother of the subject was a native of Massachusetts. 

George C. Freeman was reared and educated in Bibb county. He 
came to Savannah in 1854, and ever since that time he has maintained 
his home in this city. His first employment in Savannah was in the 
office of Hudson, Fleming & Company, cotton factors, with whom he 
remained for six years. He then formed a partnership with A. H. 
Champion, under the firm name of Champion & Freeman, in the whole- 
sale grocery business, their location being at the corner of Bay and 
Drayton streets. At the outbreak of the Civil war, in 1861, Mr. Free- 
man and Mr. Champion both joined the army of the Confederacy and 
their business, like that of many another Southern firm, became suspended 
on that account, to be resumed after the close of the war. 

Mr. Freeman joined the Chatham Artillery in Savannah and was in 
service in Chatham county. In the second year of the war he was 
detached from his command and assigned to duty as assistant to the 
collector of the port of Savannah, under the Confederate government. 
The collector of the port was James R. Sneed and his chief deputy was 
Maj. Charles S. Hardee, who has for many years held the office of city 
treasurer of Savannah. A day or two prior to Sherman's entrance into 
Savannah, the collector of the port and his office force, taking their 
records, books, money and other possessions, went to Charleston, and of 
this historic party Mr. Freeman was a member. Within a few days they 
changed their headquarters from Charleston to Augusta ; thence the 
Confederate authorities ordered them to Macon; from Macon to Mill- 
edgeville ; and from the latter place they retreated to the plantation of 
Dr. T. A. Parsons, in Laurens county, whence they were ordered to 
Macon, where their effects were surrendered to the United States author- 
ities and the party was paroled and returned to Savannah. 

Upon the return of peace to the devastated country, the business of 
Champion & Freeman was successfully re-established and continued 
until 1877. Mr. Freeman, however, is best known for his long and 
honorable connection with banking business in Savannah. He entered 
upon his career in this field in 1873, when he was elected a director 
and vice-president of the Citizens' Mutual Loan Company, which began 
business in June of that year. He was one of the originators of that 
well-remembered financial institution and took an active part in the 
management of its affairs from the beginning. It was successful from 
the start and earned a good annual profit in dividends to its stock- 
holders. In 1887 the Citizens' Bank was organized and by unanimous 
vote the Citizens' Mutual Loan Company was merged into that insti- 
tution. The Citizens' Bank began with a capital stock of +200.000. and 
Mr. Freeman was the first cashier of the new bank. In 1S90, the Citizens' 
Bank was reorganized and $:500.000 was added to its capital, making its 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 581 

capital stock $500,000. Mr. Freeman remained as cashier after the re- 
organization, being the only one of the old officers retained after the 
reorganization. 

In 1906 the Citizens' Bank was consolidated with the Southern Bank 
of the state of Georgia, with the name of the Citizens and Southern 
Bank, and of this substantial institution, as mentioned in a preceding 
paragraph, Mr. Freeman is an officer and assistant to the president; the 
increasing duties of the cashier's position being considered more than 
Mr. Freeman should discharge after his long years of service with the 
bank. The Citizens and Southern Bank is one of the largest and strongest 
banks in the South. It has a capital stock of $1,000,000, with a surplus 
and undivided profits running over a million dollars. It occupies the 
beautiful banking building constructed for its exclusive use, in the 
square surrounded by St. Julian, Bryan, Bull and Draytbn streets, 
with entrances from both Bull and Drayton streets. Nothing could 
possibly be more advantageous than its situation. Besides his position 
of assistant to the president, Mr. Freeman is also secretary of the board 
of directors. 

Mr. Freeman served five vears as alderman of Savannah and was at 
one time chairman of the finance committee. He has been a member and 
officer of the Savannah Benevolent Association since 1866, and for 
ten years he was secretary, for nine years president, and for twenty- 
six years, treasurer, which latter position he now holds. He is a member 
of the Independent Presbyterian church and has been one of its board 
of trustees since 1878. He is the friend of good government and takes 
a public-spirited interest in all measures likely to advance the welfare 
of the beautiful old city to which he came over half a century ago. 

Mr. Freeman laid one of the most important stones in the foundation 
of his success in 1862 by his marriage to Miss Sarah E. Davis, of Savan- 
nah, daughter of William H. Davis, one of the well-known early resi- 
dents of the city and particularly well remembered for his prominent 
connection w T ith the Republican Blues, one of Savannah's famous military 
organizations. Their union has been blessed by five children, two of 
whom now survive : Judge Davis, Freeman, lawyer, and judge of the 
city court of Savannah ; and Miss Georgia Freeman, a member of the 
charming Freeman household, whose hospitality is thoroughly consistent 
with Southern traditions. 

William Hampton Wade. Of decided eminence in his profession is 
William Hampton Wade, of Savannah, whose abilities have brought him 
distinction at the bar and a large clientele. He is a native son of 
Savannah, his birth having occurred in this city on the 17th day of 
August, 1859. His parents were William and Margaret H. (Greene) 
Wade, both of whom are deceased. The father was a native of Bridge- 
port, Connecticut, and came to Savannah about the year 1850. He died 
early in the Civil war period, the subject being an infant at the time of 
his demise. At the time of the death of the elder gentleman he was 
one of the proprietors of a foundry in Savannah that was engaged in 
making cannon for the Confederate government. He was also the owner 
of a plantation in Chatham county, not far from Savannah, and his 
home there was known as "Hampton Place." The mother of the subject 
was the daughter of Herman and Harriet M. (Hart) Greene, and her 
birth occurred in Savannah in 1824. Herman Greene was the son of 
Zachariah Greene, who was a first cousin of Gen. Nathaniel Greene, the 
commander of Washington's forces in the Southern colonies during the 
Revolutionary war. Zachariah Greene was a very young man at the 
beginning of the Revolution, his years numbering about seventeen, but 



582 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

he joined the Continental army and was proffered a place on General 
Washington's staff. 

William Hampton Wade was educated in the schools of Savannah 
and in the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington, from which he 
graduated in the class of 1880. Having come to the decision to adopt 
the law as his life work, he began his preparatory studies in Savannah 
under the late Judge Walter S. Chisholm, and was admitted to the bar 
in 1881. He has practiced law in Savannah since that time with the 
exception of a few years, when he was absent from the city. Of vigorous 
intellect, wide information and keen wit, his command of language is 
such as to make his speech apt and fitting at all times and careful in 
arranging and preparing his cases, he is never at a loss for forcible 
and appropriate argument to sustain his position. His reputation as one 
of the able lawyers of Savannah has been reinforced with the passing 
years. Besides his law practice he fills the office of county administrator 
and county guardian. 

Mr. Wade was a member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards for about 
seven years and at the time of leaving' the city in 1887 he had been 
appointed a lieutenant. He finds pleasure and profit in his fraternal 
relations, which extend to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Knights of Pythias. 

In the year 1906 Mr. Wade was married in this city to Miss Ada 
Hull, a native daughter of Savannah, her father being Fred M. Hull, 
the port warden of Savannah. They have one son, William Hampton 
Wade, Jr. 

David S. Atkinson. In no profession is there a career more open 
to talent than is that of the law, and in no field of endeavor is there 
demanded a more careful prepai'ation, a more thorough appreciation 
of the absolute ethics of life or of the underlying principles which form 
the basis of all human rights and privileges. Unflagging application 
and determination are the concomitants which insure personal success. 
Possessing the requisite qualities of the lawyer, is the young man whose 
name introduces this paragraph — -Mr. David S. Atkinson. 

Mr. Atkinson was born in Camden county, Georgia. November 1, 
1884, the son of Dr. Dean Dunwody and Sarah Hardee (Scarlett ) 
Atkinson, of Brunswick, Georgia. 

Mr. Atkinson received the advantages of a thorough education, his 
public school training being supplemented by attendance in Gordon 
Institute at Barnesville, the University of Georgia at Athens, and the 
law department of Mercer University at Macon, from which last- 
named institution he was graduated with the class of 1907. He then 
entered upon the practice of law in Camden county and was, in 1909. 
appointed by Gov. J. M. Brown, judge of the city court of St. Marys. 
Georgia. In October, 1908, he established himself in the practice of 
law in Savannah. 

Mr. Atkinson has become actively associated witli the various affairs 
of Savannah. He was in 1913 appointed assistant city attorney of this 
city. He is a lieutenant in the First Regiment of Infantry. National 
Guard of Georgia, and a member of various clubs and societies. He is 
a past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, a Mason, an Odd Fellow, 
an Elk, and Eagle, and is secretary and treasurer of the University 
Club o!' Savannah. Mr. Atkinson is unmarried. 

Col. Michael J. O'Leary. Excelling in achievements and com- 
manding success in several lines of endeavor. Col. Michael J. O'Leary, 
of Savannah, has won marked prestige as colonel of the First Regiment 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 583 

of Infantry, National Guard of Georgia; has acquired prominence in , 
commercial circles and engaged in the transfer of cotton; and as alder- 
man was actively associated with the public interests of the city for one 
term. 

Born in^ New York City in 1869, he was brought by his parents to 
Savannah when but a few months old, and is practically a Savannah 
product, having been brought up in this city, and here receiving his 
early education in Saint Patrick's school, and his commercial training 
in McCarthy's Business College. Since 1896, when he succeeded to 
the interests of Andrew McCormick, Colonel O'Leary has been actively 
and prosperously engaged in the cotton transfer business, which is 
the principal business of the kind in Savannah, in his operations enjoy- 
ing the patronage of all the large cotton interests. 

In 1888, responding to the lure of military life, Michael J. O'Leary 
enlisted as a private in the ' ' Irish Jasper Greens, ' ' one of the companies 
of the First Regiment of Infantry, National Guard of Georgia. Sub- 
sequently receiving well-merited promotion, he was first made first 
lieutenant of his company, and later was commissioned major of his 
regiment. In 1908 lie was attain promoted, being made colonel of the 
First Regiment of Infantry, National Guard of Georgia, a position 
which he now holds. This regiment is famous in the military history 
of Georgia, its distinguished record being referred to at length in the 
historical portion of this work. At present the First Regiment is 
composed of twelve companies, including the Emmett Rifles, the 
German Volunteers, the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, the Savannah 
Cadets, the Irish Jasper Greens, the Republican Blues,' and several out- 
of-town companies. Colonel 'Leary has rendered notably efficient serv- 
ice and given the highest of satisfaction as commander of his regiment, 
which is one of the military bulwarks of the state. For two seasons, in 
1907 and 1908, the colonel was captain of the Georgia Rifle Team, 
representing the Georgia military organization in the rifle contests at 
Camp Perry, Ohio. 

Elected alderman of the city in the fall of 1910, Colonel O'Leary 
took his seat in January, 1911, and is rendering excellent service in 
that capacity. He is one of the directors of the Savannah Fire Insur- 
ance Company. He is a director of the Chamber of Commerce ; and 
of the Exchange Bank and a member of the Cotton Exchange ; of the 
Savannah Automobile Club; the Hussars Club; the Guards Club; and 
fraternally is a member, and past state deputy, of the Knights of Colum- 
bus, and master of the fourth degree of the states of Florida, Georgia, 
North and South Carolinas. 

Colonel O'Leary married, in Savannah, Josephine McCormick, and 
they have one daughter, Josephine O'Leary. 

Dr. Richard Dennis Arnold, a physician and surgeon of con- 
siderable note, distinguished citizen and war mayor of Savannah, 
was born in that city on August 19, 1808. He passed away in the city 
of his birth in 1876, and he is mourned in the hearts of all who live to 
remember him today. 

Dr. Arnold was the son of Capt. Joseph and Eliza (Dennis) Arnold; 
the former born in Rhode Island and the latter a native of Brunswick, 
New Jersey. No man was more generally or more favorably known in 
Savannah, few were more highly honored, and none have done more to 
promote the best interests of the city and to benefit the people indi- 
vidually and collectively than did Doctor Arnold. He died July 10, 
] 876, in the same house and in the same room in which he was born, the 
old family mansion still standing on the northwest corner of State and 



584 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Abercorn streets. He was a graduate of Princeton College, also of the 
Medical College of the University of Pennsylvania. 'In 1832 Doctor 
Arnold began the practice of his profession in Savannah, and success 
soon established him among the distinguished members of the medical 
profession. In 1839 he was elected to represent Chatham county in the 
state legislature, and the usefulness of his public service was such that 
many further political honors were bestowed upon him. In 1842 he 
was elected to the Georgia senate, and in 1843 he was elected mayor 
of Savannah, previously having served several terms as a member of 
the board of aldermen. He was again elected to the office of mayor 
in 1851, 1859 and 1863, and continued to hold that office until the close 
of the Civil war. General Sherman, upon his occupation of the city 
in December, 1864. convinced that Doctor Arnold was much better 
fitted to act as mayor than anyone that could be appointed from the 
army, retained Doctor Arnold in that position. He rendered service 
of great value to his people in those times in looking after the women 
and children and non-combatants. 

Doctor Arnold was a prominent member of the American Medical 
Association, was elected first vice-president of that body in 1846, and 
was a member of the committee which drafted the association's code of 
ethics. In 1847 he was elected president of the Georgia Medical 
Society. His reputation as a physician was international, and he was 
especially well known as an expert in the treatment of fevers. In 1854, 
when the yellow fever epidemic swept over Savannah, Doctor Arnold 
rendered notably beneficent services, being unremitting in his atten- 
tions to the sick and suffering, and taking no heed of any danger to 
himself. His experience was wide and varied, and, a constant student, 
he wrote several masterful treatises on yellow and bilious fevers. 

Doctor Arnold was a delegate to several national Democratic con- 
ventions, and was always enthusiastic in the cause of the party. He 
was deeply interested in the subject of education, and as a member of 
the board of education of Savannah, was able to do much for its advance- 
ment in his native city. He was one of the original members of the 
Georgia Historical Society. 

Doctor Arnold was past master of Oglethorpe Lodge of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and a member of Solomons Lodge, No. 1, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. He was buried in Bonaventure 
cemetery and in respect to his memory a beautiful shaft was erected 
by the children of the public schools and the citizens of Savannah. 

John M. Hog an. Among the prominent and valued citizens whom 
Savannah has been called upon to mourn within the past few years, 
none will be more generally missed than John M. Hogan, who, as cashier 
for many years of the Germania Bank, was closely identified with the 
financial interests of the city, while his connection with business, fra- 
ternal, military and educational associations brought him in contact 
with the membership of various city organizations. A native of Penn- 
sylvania, he was born May 28, 1848, in Philadelphia, a son of Matthew 
and Anne (Higgins) Hogan, both of whom were born in Ireland, and 
died in Savannah. 

As a young lad John M. Hogan came with his parents to Savannah. 
Ceorgia, where he acquired his early education, which was supple- 
mented by a course of study in Spring Hill College, near Mobile, Ala- 
bama. Returning to Savannah from there, he entered the banking 
house of Wallace dimming & Company, and subsequently remained 
with that firm and its successors, and with the Southern Bank of Geor- 
gia, until the organization of the Germania Bank, in 1889. Being then 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 585 

chosen cashier of that institution, Mr. Hogan retained the position con- 
tinuously until his death, May 8, 1911, his long record of service in that' 
capacity bespeaking in no uncertain tone his business ability, judgment 
and upright character. He was also secretary and treasurer of the 
Savannah Clearing House Association from its formation, in 1891, until 
his death. In a memorial issued by the clearing house association fol- 
lowing his death, a beautiful and honest tribute was paid to his memory, 
as follows: 

"Mr. Hogan 's faithful and efficient services as an officer of this 
association were so appreciated by his associates that no other name 
was ever mentioned in connection with his office during his long in- 
cumbency of it. Mr. Hogan took an active interest in whatever tended 
to promote better banking methods. He was until his death a constant 
attendant upon the meetings of the American Bankers' Association, and 
he was for a time one of its vice-presidents. His sterling qualities, 
combined with his genial and courteous manner, won the friendship and 
affection of all his associates, and his death brings to each of us a pro- 
found sense of personal bereavement. 

"As an expression of our sense of loss, it is 

"Resolved, That in the death of John M. Hogan this association 
deplores the loss of a cherished friend and of a faithful officer, whose 
life and character exemplified the highest type of the upright business 
man and citizen." 

The late Capt. Henry Blun, who was president of the Germania 
Bank, imposed great confidence in Mr. Hogan, and his long experience 
and irreproachable character made him a man of influence in financial 
circles. 

Mr. John M. Hogan was a member of the Georgia Historical So- 
ciety, and was vice-president of the Hibernian Society at the time of 
his death. He was a life member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards; 
a member of the Catholic Library Association ; of the Savannah Yacht 
Club ; the Oglethorpe Club ; the Hussars Club ; the Union Society ; and 
the Chamber of Commerce. Fraternally he belonged to the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. 

William R. Hewlett is an attorney of Savannah and since 1908 
has been one of the United States commissioners for the United States 
court, Eastern district of Georgia. His reputation as one of the promi- 
nent lawyers of the state has been reinforced with passing years, during 
which he has appeared in connection with many of the important cases 
brought before the state and federal courts, with many noteworthy 
forensic victories to his credit. He is a strong advocate before judge or 
jury and not only marshals his causes with great ability, but also brings 
to bear the strength of a firm and upright character, so that he has 
gained and held the inviolable confidence and regard of his fellow prac- 
titioners and also of the general public. 

Mr. Hewlett was born at Barnwell, Barnwell county, South Caro- 
lina, on the 20th day of September, 1869. He is the son of William 
Henry and Amelia H. (Fowke) Hewlett. The former, who has been 
deceased for several years, was a native South Carolinian, but came to 
Savannah to enlist in the Confederate army at the outbreak of the war, 
he joining the famous Georgia Huzzars of this city, of which he became 
lieutenant. He went with this organization to the Army of Northern 
Virginia ; was wounded in one of the battles in that state ; came home ; 
and rejoined the army in South Carolina after he got well. He was 
the son of William H. and Elizabeth (Johnson) Hewlett. 

The subject's mother, who is still living, comes from the well-known 



586 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Virginia family of that name. She is the daughter of Dr. Richard 
Chandler and his wife, whose maiden name was Harrietta (Allen; Fowke. 
Dr. Richard Chandler Fowke was the son of Dr. John Fowke. of Vir- 
ginia, who served in the United States navy as a surgeon soon after 
the close of the Revolutionary war. Dr. John Fowke was descended 
from Roger Fowke of England, whose son, a colonel in the royal army. 
came to America about the time of the execution of Charles I and 
settled in the Old Dominion. Through marriage his descendants became 
connected with a number of the well-known families of Virginia, 
such as the Masons, Fitzhughs, Dinwiddies, Burdettes, Harrisons and 
Alexanders. The late Peter Daniel of the United States supreme court 
was of the Fowke connection. 

Mr. Hewlett of this review received his general education in the 
schools of Barnwell and Charleston. He came to Savannah in 1886 
and this city has since been his home. He studied law in Savannah 
and was admitted to the bar in 1898. He did not begin practice, how- 
ever, until the year 1900, since which time he has been one of the 
active and successful practitioners at the Savannah bar and in the vari- 
ous federal and state courts. For a number of years he maintained a 
law partnership with Judge Walter W. Sheppard, which pleasant con- 
nection was dissolved in 1910 upon Judge Sheppard 's appointment as 
judge of the Atlantic circuit of the superior court. 

Mr. Hewlett is a prominent figure in several of the fraternal organ- 
izations. He is clerk and is practically at the head of the local lodge 
of Woodmen of the World; he is head officer of the fraternal Mystic 
Circle for the state of Georgia, and he is junior warden of the Royal 
Arcanum. 

Mr. Hewlett was married June 2, 1893, to Miss Julia C. Erwin. a 
niece of Hon. Marion Erwin, United States district attorney for the 
Eastern district of Georgia, becoming his wife. Their union has been 
blessed with a daughter, Kathleen. The Hewlett homestead is a hos- 
pitable and charming abode and Mr. and Mrs. Hewlett hold high place 
in popular confidence and esteem. 

Waring Russell, Jr. One of the most highly esteemed and popu- 
lar citizens of Savannah, Waring Russell, Jr., has served continuously 
as clerk of the city court for upwards of fifteen years, administering 
the affairs of his office so ably and intelligently as to win the approba- 
tion of every member of the bar and of all others with whom he is brought 
into business contact. A native of Savannah, Georgia, his birth occurred 
December 2, 185-1. He is of pioneer stock, his ancestors having come to 
this country with General Oglethorpe in 1733, being among the original 
settlers of Savannah, and subsequently identified with the history of 
the Revolutionary war. 

His father, the late Judge Philip Moses Russell, was born December 
17, 1815, in Savannah, a son of Isaac and Perla (Sheftall) Russell. At 
the age of eighteen years he began the study of law with his uncle, 
Hon. Mordecai Sheftall, at that time a leading member of the Savan- 
nah bar, but afterwards for many years judge of the court of common 
pleas and oyer and terminer of the city of Savannah, a position to 
which he was elected by the state legislature. Here it may be well fo 
mention that the present city court of Savannah, with which some 
members of the Sheftall or Russell families have been officially con- 
nected for more than a century, was known before the Revolutionary 
war, and for some time after, as the mayor's court. In 1820 the name 
was changed to the "Court of Common Pleas and Oyer and Terminer," 
and in 1856 was again changed, becoming the "City Court of Savannah." 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 587 

In 1835 Judge Philip M. Russell was appointed a director of the 
Savannah & Altamaha Canal Company, a position which he retained 
until receiving his appointment as deputy sheriff of Chatham county, 
and deputy United States marshal under Col. William I. Davis, posi- 
tions in which, by urbanity of character and strict attention to and 
impartial discharge of his official duties, he made many personal and 
political friends. On June 15, 1843, Judge Russell was elected sheriff 
of the city of Savannah, and on April 9, 1844, was elected justice of 
the peace in the first district, defeating the Democratic and Whig oppo- 
nents by a majority of twenty-five votes. While holding this office he 
was appointed inspector of customs by the collector, Gen. Edward 
Harden. Removing then to the second district, the judge was there 
elected justice of the peace in January, 1846, receiving a large vote. 
On January 1, 1850, he was elected clerk of the court of common pleas 
and oyer and terminer of the city of Savannah, and in January, 1853, 
he was elected city marshal of Savannah, an office which he filled 
acceptably for two years. In the year 1855 Judge Russell acted as clerk 
of the United States circuit and district courts, and in January, 1856, 
was elected clerk of the city court of Savannah, and held the position 
until the outbreak of the Civil war in 1861. 

In 1853, Judge Russell was made a member of the "Republican 
Blues," a favorite volunteer company of the First Regiment of the 
Georgia Volunteers, in which he maintained his membership as long as 
he lived. When, by the occupancy of Fort Pulaski, the company en- 
tered into active serviee,*Judge Russell was detailed to look after the com- 
fort of the families of his fellow-members in service, and at the organi- 
zation of the state forces, under Governor Brown's administration, was 
commissioned as captain and commissary of subsistence, and assigned 
to duty with Colonel Karkie's regiment, Gen. G. B. Harrison's brigade. 

In September, 1863. the judge became a candidate for the legisla- 
ture, and was elected the following month by a handsome majority of 
the votes cast, and two years later was re-elected by the highest vote 
in the county. At the expiration of his legislative term, Judge Russell, 
having become re-enfranchised under the reconstruction acts, resumed 
his position as clerk of the court of the city of Savannah, and con- 
tinued in office several terms. 

In 1876, Judge Russell was again the Democratic candidate for 
representative to the state legislature, receiving thirty-nine of the 
forty-two votes cast in the county convention, and was elected, leading 
his ticket by seventy-two votes. At the expiration of his term he had 
the honor of being re-elected to the legislature by a majority of two 
hundred votes over the highest candidate on the opposition ticket, and 
in 1886 was once more elected to the state legislature, leading his oppo- 
nent at the polls by two hundred and ninety-eight votes. 

Judge Russell served his people in various offices with conspicuous 
ability and untiring energy. He was clerk of the city court of Savan- 
nah for nearly thirty-five years, and was chief of the fire department 
for many terms. A stanch and unflinching Democrat in politics, he 
always received the highest vote cast for his ticket whenever he was the 
party's nominee for official positions. He represented his party in 
numerous conventions, and was chairman of the committee which noti- 
fied Alexander II. Stephens of his nomination for governor. His death, 
December 11, 1902, at the ripe old age of eighty-eight years, removed 
from the community one of its best loved and most revered citizens. 

Judge Russell married first, September 15, 1834. Elizabeth C. Ferre, 
of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who died October 10, 1886. He married 
second, in 1889, Eliza P. Ancker, of Philadelphia, also. He was the 
father of eleven children. 



588 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Waring Russell, Jr., the son of Judge Philip M. and Elizabeth 
(Perre) Russell, was brought up and educated in Savannah, attending 
first the public schools, and later the private school taught by Prof. 
James P. Cann. On January 19, 1878, he was appointed deputy sheriff 
of the city court of Savannah by David Bailey, Esq., sheriff of said 
court. An extract from the minutes of the city court says that on 
July 20, 1880, the resignation of Waring Russell, Jr., as deputy sheriff 
was accepted with deep regret — David Bailey, sheriff, and approved 
with regret — William D. Harden, judge. 

Mr. Russell resigned the office of deputy sheriff to accept the posi- 
tion of justice of the peace of the third Georgia district, to which he 
had been elected, after a heated contest, in March, 1880. Through con- 
tinuous re-election he held the office until January, 1899, when he was 
elected clerk of the city court of Savannah, a position which his father 
had previously held for thirty-five years. On November 5, 1899, by 
legislative enactment, this office was made elective by the people, instead 
of by the mayor and alderman as formerly. At the ensuing election, 
in May, 1900, Mr. Russell was elected to this office by the people, being 
the only successful candidate for official honors on his ticket at that 
election. He has been continuously elected every two years since, and 
in every election has led his ticket. A thoroughly competent and efficient 
man in every respect, Mr. Russell has invariably had the unqualified 
endorsement and support of practically every member of the bar at 
each election. Universally popular in Savannah, he thoroughly under- 
stands political conditions, and being plain sp*oken, open and frank, 
with never a thought of resorting to political chicanery, it is said of 
Mr. Russell that he can have any public office which he desires. 

Mr. Russell married, in Savannah, Miss Georgia A. Mendel, and they 
have three children, namely : Thomas Sheftall Russell ; Mrs. Frances 
M. Harper ; and Mrs. Georgia C. Smith. Thomas Sheftall Russell was 
educated in the public schools of Savannah, and was graduated from 
the high school and Chatham Academy. Subsequently studying law, 
he was admitted to the bar, but has never engaged in the practice of 
his profession. For several years past he has been chief deputy clerk 
of the city court, serving under his father, and giving universal satis- 
faction in the position. 

Dr. James Proctor Screven. (Prepared by Thomas F. Screven.) 
Dr. James Proctor Screven was born October 11. 1799, near Bluff- 
ton, in St. Peter's Parish, now Beaufort county, South Carolina, and 
died July 16, 1859 at the Hot Springs in Virginia, where he had gone 
in the hope of restoration to good health after an illness which began 
some time in the fall of 1858 ; this illness was probably attributable to 
his ardent and energetic attention to the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad 
(now a part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad) of which he was the 
faithful and first president. 

Dr. Screven was the oldest son of Major John Screven, born Jan- 
uary 18, 1777, in South Carolina, Major of the Second Battalion of 
Militia at Savannah, Georgia, and a planter in South Carolina and 
Georgia ; he died November 20, 1830, at Savannah, his then place of 
residence and was there buried; his wife was Hannah (Proctor) 
Screven, born January 8, 1778, in South Carolina, and killed with 
her son John Screven, (born August 4, 1803) in the great storm of Sep- 
tember 8. 1804, on AYilmington island. Georgia, by the fall of the 
family residence. 

Hannah (Proctor) Screven was the second daughter of Richard 
Proctor, born 1734 in Charleston. South Carolina, and said to have 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 589 

been the first male baptized at St. Philip's church at Charleston; he died 
April 26, 1817, at the age of eighty-three years, in Savannah, Georgia, at 
the residence of his son-in-law, Major John Screven, and interred near 
Bluffton, South Carolina; and his wife, Mary Ann (Vinson) Proctor, 
born February, 1752, and died in 1822. She was a daughter of George 
and Martha Vinson of South Carolina. 

Richard Proctor was a son of Stephen Proctor of Charleston, South 
Carolina, and Hannah (Simons) Proctor, his wife, widow of John Royer, 
and a daughter of Benjamin and Mary (DuPre) Simons of South 
Carolina, and of French Huguenot descent. 

Dr. Screven's grandfather, -Lieutenant John Screven, was born No- 
vember 23, 1750, on James island, South Carolina; he died September 
2, 1801, and was buried at Montpelier which is located on the southern 
shore of May river, or the River of May, and nearly opposite Bluffton, 
South Carolina ; Lieutenant John Screven moved from South Carolina 
to the St. John's Parish, afterward known as Liberty county, Georgia, 
where his brother, James Screven, resided and became a planter there ; 
he is recorded as becoming Lieutenant in Capt. James Screven's 
company of St. John's Rangers, by the Council of Safety of the 
State, and as engaged in the issue in 1776 of paper money for that state. 

Dr. Screven's grandmother was Elizabeth (Pendarvis) Bryan, born 
May 23, 1755; died April 5, 1804; widow of Josiah Bryan (son of 
Jonathan Bryan) daughter of Joseph Pendarvis, whose pioneer an- 
cestor was Joseph Pendarvis, died in 1694, and Mary Bedon, daughter 
of Col. Richard Bedon, and descended from George Bedon who came over 
from England with the Sayle colony in 1670. Josiah Bryan and Eliza- 
beth Pendarvis were married August 14, 1770; he died 1774, leaving one 
son, Joseph, who was born August 18, 1773; by Elizabeth (Pendarvis) 
Bryan's first marriage she had one son. Her maiTiage to Lieut. John 
Screven occurred January 13, 1776, and they had thirteen children. 

Dr. Screven's great-grandfather was James Screven of James island, 
South Carolina, born 1609, son of Samuel Screven, who was a son of 
the Rev. William Screven, born in Somerton, England, about 1629, an 
immigrant to Kittery, Maine, removed to South Carolina about 1696 
with his family consisting of his wife, Bridget (Cutt) Screven and 
children, and Baptist congregation ; founded the first Baptist church 
as its minister and died on the site of Georgetown, South Carolina, in 
1713 and is there buried. 

Dr. Screven's great-grandmother was Mary (Smith) Screven, born 
1717, died 1758, a daughter of the second Landgrave Thomas Smith of 
South Carolina, son of Thomas Smith of Exeter, England, born 1643, 
first landgrave and governor of South and North Carolina, and Bar- 
bara Smith, his wife. Mary (Smith) Screven's mother, Mary, was a 
daughter of Col. Edward Hyrne, of Norfolk, England, and of North 
Carolina, and his wife, Elizabeth (Massingbird) Hyrne. (A bible record 
of the Girardeau family). 

Dr. Screven completed his grammar school education at Willington, 
near Abbeville, South Carolina, under the tuition of Dr. Moses Wad- 
dell, then celebrated as a successful instructor of youth, and who be- 
came president of Franklin College, afterward the University of 
Georgia, at Athens, Georgia. He then entered the South Carolina Col- 
lege at Columbia, South Carolina, and graduated in 1817 with honor. 
Returning to Savannah he studied medicine under Dr. Wm. R. Waring, 
one of the leading physicians. Upon the completion of that course he 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, where he gradu- 
ated April 6, 1820, obtaining a medical diploma, also one from the 
Medical Society of Philadelphia, dated at the time of his appointment 



590 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

to honorary membership in that society. This society appears to have 
been founded in the year 1779. Upon the completion of his course at 
the University, at his father's desire he obtained a French passport, 
dated May 27, 1820, and left for London, England, where he studied 
at Guy's and St. Thomas' hospitals. Sir Astley Cooper being one of 
the surgeons who gave him a certificate, dated April 13, 1821. of his 
diligent attendance upon the practice of surgery and medicine, in Guy's 
and St. Thomas hospitals for six months last past. Then he went to 
Paris, France, still in the active pursuit of his profesional studies, but 
also to learn their cognate branches. He was also a pupil of the 
celebrated Cuvier, as well as of others, the most distinguished of the 
French Medical school. Here he mastered the French language and 
probably the Italian. He numbered LaFayette as one of his friends. 

The remainder of Dr. Screven 's stay in Europe, which occupied over 
two years, was spent in travel in Switzerland and Italy. In the latter 
country, the late Hon. George Bancroft, the historian, was his com- 
panion. His son, John Screven, wrote: "I have long used a copy of 
Horace belonging to my father, evidently a vade rnecum with him, 
as it was copiously marked with his references to objects of interest men- 
tioned by the poet, and indicated not only his habitual closeness of 
observation but that he definitely associated those objects with the 
careful and well-directed maintenance of his classical studies. He made 
full and conscientious use of his European experiences, both in his 
profession and in the sciences, which later had their earlier accepted 
development in that period, — that is, in the first quarter of the nineteenth 
century. Without professing to apply himself to the sciences other- 
wise than as a man of advanced intelligence, he devoted much time to 
geology, mineralogy, conchology, chemistry and comparative anatomy," 
so when he and Dr. Joseph C. Habersham learned of the discovery of 
the remains of a strange animal on the shore of Skidaway island in 
Chatham county, his knowledge of anatomy convinced him that the 
remains were that of a megatherium, and to congratulate himself that 
he had been a pupil of Cuvier. He delivered his views on this interest- 
ing subject before the Georgia Medical Society, of which he became a 
member in 1823. Some of these remains were sent to the Smithsonian 
Institution at Washington, D. O, but were destroyed when the orig- 
inal buildings were burned. Portions of these remains were given to 
the Georgia Historical Society some time after his death. Another 
instance of the value of his observations in Europe was his letter to 
the council of Savannah in August, 1823. upon the subject of dry 
culture as observed in the south of Europe, which was referred to a 
committee and reported as "well calculated to set the question of the 
utility of dry culture at rest" and "after six years have passed away 
the operation of the dry culture system, imperfectly as that system 
has been enforced, it has given evidence the most conclusive of a favor- 
able influence upon the health of Savannah." A newspaper of the 
time, September 16, 1823, stated: "No dispassionate man. after reading 
it can longer doubt. By the friends of Dr. Screven, this letter must be 
received as a most satisfactory evidence of the manner in which he has 
appropriated the time he passed in Europe — to his community and the 
country, this letter gives a high promise of future usefulness. We 
cannot close our remarks without expressing our approbation of the 
manly, dignified and chaste style of the writer." 

Dr. Screven began the practice of medicine in Savannah in 1822-3. 
lie and his hrother-in-law. Dr. Wm, C. Daniell, formed a partnership 
and on April 23, 1823, they issued a public notice to the effect of their 
having procured the building occupied as a poor house and hospital, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 591 

and would open May 1st next for the medical treatment of sick seamen 
and negroes. > 

Dr. Screven was elected January 8, 1824, by council "the first health 
officer under the new method." 

Dr. Screven was alderman from April 13, 1826 to September 11, 
1826 ; from then to September 10, 1827, and again from December 4, 
1828. 

Dr. Screven was married December 26, 1826 by the Rev. Abiel 
Carter, rector of Christ church at Savannah, to Miss Hannah Georgia 
Bryan, born August 31, 1907, daughter of Joseph Bryan and Delia 
(Forman) Bryan, (died December 16, 1825), daughter of Gen. Thomas 
Marsh Forman, of Rose Hill, Cecil county, Maryland. 

Joseph Bryan and Delia Forman were married April 9, 1805, at 
the residence of Judge Ezekiel Forman Chambers, (a relative of Gen- 
eral Forman) at Chestertown, Maryland. Joseph Bryan was born 
August 18, 1773, son of Josiah Bryan, and died September 5, 1812, at 
his own home, Non Chalance, Wilmington island, and there interred. 
He was several times a member of the state legislature and once a mem- 
ber of the United States congress. 

It is said that Joseph Bryan's popularity was greatly increased 
in the state by his successful fight, unarmed, with a bear, which he 
killed. At a house in the country, he desired at night a bath in a 
horse-water trough near the premises, which the bear also inclined to. 
A contest for the bath ensued, in which he succeeded by his great 
strength and courage. He resigned in 1806 from the United States 
congress before his term expired. 

The distinguished John Randolph, of Roanoke, of Virginia, his dear- 
est and most intimate friend, wrote of him in an obituary notice: "The 
character of Mr. Bryan was every way original. He was himself and 
no one else at second hand. Educated in Europe, which quarter of the 
globe he again visited for improvement by travel. He was every way 
free from taint of foreign manner. He lived and died a Georgian. 
Soon after his last return from Europe he was elected to congress from 
his native state. He took no part in the debates of the house, but his 
zeal against the Yazoo claims was not surpassed by even that of his 
friend. General James Jackson himself. In the spring of 1806, after 
serving three sessions in congress, Mr. Bryan resigned his seat, in conse- 
quence, it is believed, of his marriage the preceding year, with a beau- 
tiful and amiable lady of the eastern shore of Maryland, who, (with five 
children), survive him. Congressional life is incompatible with domes- 
tic enjoyments. 

"His dissolution was uncommonly rapid; but his spirit retained its 
vigor to the last. He made light of his disease, and a few days before 
his death invited an old friend to dine with him next Christmas. All 
his fortitude could not save him. His complaint was of the liver, with 
dropsy. 

"In person Mr. Bryan might have served as a model to the stat- 
uary. He possessed wonderful strength and activity of body, united 
to undaunted resolution ; but he was not more terrible than generous 
as an enemy. The brave are always generous. As a friend, he w T as 
above all price. His mind was of the first order — stored with various 
but desultory reading; for he read solely for his own amusement. His 
integrity was unimpeached and unimpeachable ; his honor unsullied. 
Quick in his resentments, but easily appeased when injured, and equally 
ready to acknowledge an error when wrong, provided the appeal was 
made to his sense of justice ; for he knew not fear ; he was brave even 
to rashness, and his generosity bordered on profusion. Strange, wonder- 



592 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

ful man ! Some fatality must have taken him from the sphere for 
which nature designed him, and he has left his friends to regret that his 
talents, integrity, honor, unbounded and unexampled ' courage should 
be so early lost to them." 

Josiah Bryan, born August 22, 1746, in South Carolina, died 1774 
at Brampton, Georgia, married August 14, 1770, Elizabeth Pendarvis, 
was a son of Jonathan Bryan and Mary (Williamson) Bryan, who 
were married October 13, 1737. Mary (Williamson) Bryan was a 
daughter of John Williamson, of South Carolina, and Mary (Bower) 
Williamson. Mary (Bower) Williamson was a daughter of William 
Bower and Martha (Hext) Bower. The latter was a daughter of Hugh 
Hext. William Bower and Hugh Hext came together from England 
to South Carolina. Their descendants were numerous and allied with 
prominent families of the province and state. 

Jonathan Bryan, born 1708 in South Carolina and died 1788 at 
Brampton, his place of residence near Savannah in Georgia, was a 
son of the pioneer ancestor, Joseph Bryan and Janet (Cochran) Bryan, 
a daughter of Hugh Cochran of South Carolina. Mr. Bryan assisted 
Gen. James Oglethorpe in the selection of the site upon which Sa- 
vannah stands ; was useful in the construction of the country road 
leading to Darien and Frederica, and in 1740, as lieutenant of a com- 
pany of "Gentleman Volunteers," attended General Oglethorpe's ex- 
pedition to capture St. Augustine in Florida. 

Mr. Bryan moved in December, 1752, with his family, to Savannah, 
permanently. With a high standing in South Carolina, he soon became 
more prominent in Georgia: One of the king's council; one of the 
judges of the court of oyer and terminer and the general court ; treas- 
urer of the province ; captain of a company of horse militia : prominent 
in the councils of the malcontents with the actions of the British gov- 
ernment in regard to taxation, who desired and finally succeeded in a 
separation of the province and state from the control of that govern- 
ment; resigned from the king's council, because of its threat to expel 
him, whereupon the Union Society bestowed upon him a silver vase, a 
gift expressive of the society's appreciation of his devotion to the 
cause of his fellow citizens; member of the Council of Safety and Exec- 
utive Council, at one time acting as president of the state; in January, 
1779, captured with his son, James, by the British at his ''Union" 
plantation, twelve miles north and west of Savannah, but on the north- 
ern shore of the Savannah river, both taken to New York and held 
there in close and severe imprisonment for more than two years : when 
exchanged they returned to Georgia or South Carolina. Mr. Bryan's 
last, effort for the colonists was his fighting with General Wayne in the 
latter 's victory over the British and Indians near Savannah in the last 
year of the war. 

His daughter, Mary, widow of John Morel, married in 1784 Richard 
Wylly, a distinguished officer of the Revolution and member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati; and another daughter, Hannah, married John 
Houstoun. lawyer by profession, son of Sir Patrick Houstoun. and 
member of the congress of tin- stales, governor of Georgia, 1778, first 
mayor (1791) of Savannah, again governor of the state, judge, etc 

General Thomas Marsh Forman, born August 20, 1758. died 1845 
and buried at his residence. Rose Hill, Cecil county. Maryland, was a 
son of Ezekiel Forman and Augustine or Augustina (Marsh) Forman. 
born 1744, daughter of Thomas Marsh and Mary (Thompson) Marsh, 
who was a granddaughter of John Thompson and Judith (Herrman) 
Thompson, and great-granddaughter of Augustin Herrman and Janetia 
Herrman, danghter of Casper and Judith Varleth. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 593 

Thomas Marsh Forman joined Smallwood's regiment in the Revo- 
lution as a cadet, shortly before the battle of Long Island, New York;/ 
the next winter was commissioned lieutenant in the 11th Pennsylvania 
regiment; then becoming captain in his uncle David Forman s con- 
tinental regiment; and in 1779 succeeded James Monroe as staff officer 
to Maj. Gen. Lord Sterling. He served in the legislature in 1790, 1792, 
and 1800, and during the bombardment of Fort McHenry, War of 1812, 
commanded a brigade of militia. In his will, he bequeathed his estate 
to his grandson, Thomas Marsh Forman Bryan, son of Joseph Bryan 
and Delia (Forman) Bryan, provided he changed his name to Thomas 
Marsh Forman, which was done by the legislature of Maryland. 

General Forman was descended from Robert Forman "who was 
driven from England by the persecutions of Archbishop Laud, and took 
refuge in Holland. His name and that of his wife, Johanna, are en- 
rolled upon the church register at Vlissingen, Holland, the English 
name being Flushing. On Long Island, New York, he was one of the 
incorporators of Flushing in 1645, which was then governed by the 
Dutch, but the incorporators were Englishmen. The charter at Al- 
bany has Robert's name spelled "Firman," but in all documents signed 
by him it is spelled "Forman." He moved to Hempstead, Long Is- 
land, incorporated November, 1645. His -name appears among the 
forty-three signers of a letter to Governor Stuyvesant agreeing to pay 
the "tenths" demanded by the governor, if it can be shown that they 
are legally obliged to do so. On December 9, 1658, Governor Stuyves- 
ant chose to be magistrates Richard Gildersleeve and Robert Forman. 
On May 12, 1664, Robert Forman was one of the two magistrates at 
Oyster Bay, then under New England jurisdiction. His will, dated 
February 7, 1670 (record of Oyster Bay), mentions his sons, Moses, 
Aaron and Samuel. His wife was Johanna as shown by deed dated 
June 9, 1665. He died in 1671. Aaron Forman moved to Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, April 11, 1693. His son Samuel married in 1667 
or 1668 Mary Wilbur, daughter of Samuel Wilbur and Hannah Porter. 

Ezekiel Forman, father of Gen. T. M. Forman and son of Joseph 
and Elizabeth Lee Forman, married first Augustine, or Au»ustina, 
Marsh, daughter of Thomas Marsh and Mary (Thompson) Marsh; the 
latter a granddaughter of John Thompson and Judith ( Herrman ^ 
Thompson ; the latter a daughter of Augustin Herrman and Janitia 
his wife, daughter of Casper and Judith Varleth. 

Ezekiel Forman was commissioned high sheriff of Kent County, 
Maryland, January 14, 1776; appointed paymaster to the eastern shore 
marching militia ; member of the Council of Safety of Maryland and 
died at his wilderness plantation four or five miles from Natchez, Mis- 
issippi, having journeyed down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to this 
plantation to cultivate tobacco. He wrote an interesting narrative of 
this journey, which has been printed, a copy being in the possession of 
the writer of this paper. 

Augustine Herrman, colonist, first in New Amsterdam, now New 
York, and next Lord of Bohemia Manor in Maryland; he acquired 
this title and large tract of land through his making a valuable map 
of Maryland and Virginia at a cost to him of ten thousand dollars 
or two hundred pounds, which was an important acquisition to Mary- 
land, and thereby the grant of the title of Lord and the Bohemia Manor. 
He was born at Prague, Bohemia, and died on his manor in 1686 ; his 
father and mother were Augustin Ephraim Herrman and Beatrice, 
daughter of Casper Redel of Prague, a patrician family. A copy of the 
above mentioned map is in the possession of the writer of these papers, 
and the original map has been in the map department of the British 
Museum these many years. 



594 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

To return to Dr. Screven: A monument committee, composed of 
John Shellman, John Stevens, William B. Bulloch, J. V. Bevan, R. W. 
Habersham, A. Porter, James P. Screven, "William Gaston, Alexander 
Telfair, A. B. Fanin and J. Bond Read, was formed to erect monu- 
ments to General Green and the Count Pulaski ; and on Novemher 30. 
1826, the state authorized a committee, of which Dr. Screven was a 
member, to institute a lottery by which to obtain funds for these 
monuments. 

In 1834 there was cholera in Savannah, and in December, the state 
appropriated $15,000 to be used in a Lazaretto to be located at Savan- 
nah, and Dr. Screven was one of a committee to select a site. This com- 
mittee reported, February 5, 1835, in favor of the extreme western point 
of Tybee island, which was on Lazaretto creek. 

About 1835, Dr. Screven retired from the practice of medicine and 
witli his family resided at Non Chalance, Wilmington island, for the 
purpose of actively prosecuting his planting interests there as well as 
in South Carolina and in Georgia, on the Savannah river. This he fol- 
lowed successfully, thereby gathering large profits, and if he chose, the 
position of a man at ease in this world's goods. His energy and mental 
endowment allowed but little ease. However, about 1847-8. he and his 
family moved back to Savannah, and it is found that he was an alder- 
man in the 61st, 62nd, 63d and 64th administi-ations of the city, and 
mayor in the 67th administration. 

As alderman, during the calamitous yellow fever of 1854. he sent 
his family to Non Chalance, Wilmington island, remaining himself un- 
mindful of the dread fever. At one time, September 21, 1854, he as act- 
ing mayor, and Mr. Alderman Mallory, were the only ones of the mayor 
and aldermen, who were able to care for the interests of the city. Fort- 
unately the fever did not attack him. His greatest misfortune was 
after the fever had almost ceased, when on November 7, 1854, his son. 
James, was drowned in the river north of Non Chalance. while en- 
deavoring to swim ashore to safety with a young lady who was visiting 
the family. 

During the period from 1850 to and including 1857. the improve- 
ments to the city were the acquirement of the Springfield plantation, 
purchased by Dr. Screven and turned over to the city of Savannah at 
the purchase price ; the establishment of Laurel Grove cemetery ; intro- 
duction of gas; the building of water works; building of the Savannah. 
Albany and Gulf and Atlantic and Gulf railroads (now the Atlantic 
Coast Line Railroad), of which Dr. Screven was president: introduction 
of a public school svstem. For this, see Gamble-Mayor Myers report, 
1799-1900. In 1855, Dr. Screven visited New York. England'and France 
and Holland to observe the methods for the supply and purification of 
water, which might apply for use at Savannah. During his absence and 
without his knowledge, he was elected senator to the legislature by his 
fellow citizens. As mayor of the city his administration met with gen- 
eral approbation. 

Dr. Cosmo P. Richardsone, the popular captain of the Savannah 
Volunteer Guards (organized 1802), having died early in 1852. Dr. 
Screven was soon after elected their captain, which met with hearty 
appreciation, for with his accustomed energy and intelligence, he thor- 
oughly fitted himself by sincere devotion. And so he demonstrated his 
capacity as a military leader and the Guards flourished. One instance 
of his fondness for the corps was his gift of several lots of land in the 
southern section of the city. It should be mentioned that in 1835, he 
volunteered, probably with the Guards, to serve in Florida, against the 
Indians. He resigned his command about 1857. when his son. John, 
succeeded him. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 595 

Dr. Screven having died in Virginia in July, 1859, his remains were / 
there temporarily interred, and on the 9th of April, 1860, they were 
brought to his late residence at the southwest corner of Congress and 
Abereorn streets in Savannah. On that day the mayor and aldermen 
met and adopted the following resolutions, introduced by Mr. Alder- 
man Abraham Minis: "Whereas, it has pleased Almighty Providence 
to remove from our midst one of our most cherished citizens — one who 
has served this community most zealously, faithfully and creditably — - 
one who never took a place that he did not fill, and one than whom 
Savannah had never a more true and loving son, for whose prosperity 
life itself was not too great a sacrifice. 

"Dr. James P. Screven was useful and honorable among men; dis- 
charging many public duties, and among them the mayoralty of our city, 
and no one in that capacity has ever labored more zealously and suc- 
cessfully for her weal; it is therefore meet that as his remains are 
borne from afar, whence he breathed his last, to mingle with the sands 
he loved so well, that this council shall endeavor to pay all respect to 
so much departed worth. 

"Be it therefore resolved, That the Mayor and Aldermen, accom- 
panied by the officers of the council, will, in their official capacity, as 
a body attend the funeral ceremonies of the honored deceased. 

"Be it further resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be fur- 
nished to the family of the deceased, and be published in the gazettes 
of the city. ' ' 

The funeral was held on April 10, 1860, and the remains placed 
in the ScreVen vault in Laurel Grove cemetery. 

In the Savannah Republican was published: "The characteristics 
of Dr. Screven were not only an acute and comprehensive intellect, 
but an energy and perseverance of industry, which made him anywhere 
and everywhere a man of mark." 

It was also written of him: "He was an extraordinary man, fitted 
by physical and intellectual equipment to lead in affairs requiring great 
energy, resolution, devotion and judgment. The public and private 
confidence, enlisted through these eminent qualities, entitled him to the 
distinctions he actually attained, and to them would have been added 
the highest honors of the state had his life been prolonged." 

Col. John Screven. (Prepared by Thomas F. Screven.) In 
presenting a memorial of Col. John Screven, and of such as he, an 
eloquent tribute to the Confederate dead by a contemporary may be 
appropriately used: "Yes, strew their graves with roses, for we loved 
them and they loved us and gave their lives for us. Sprinkle them with 
lilies, for their motives were pure and their shields bright and stainless 
as their honor. Scatter them with forget-me-nots, for they dwell forever 
in our hearts, unforgotten. Cover them with immortelles, for their 
deeds are immortal, and while the rains descend to beautify their graves, 
while the sunshine gilds bright their memorial stones, while a southern 
emotion or impulse exists, we shall never cease to love and honor them ; ' ' 
and so with John Screven, for he occupied a sphere of love and reverence 
in the hearts and minds of his fellow men who mourned when he was 
removed from their sight and companionship. 

Born in Savannah, Georgia, September 18, 1827. the oldest child of 

Dr. James Proctor Screven and Hannah Georgia (Bryan) Screven, he 

imbibed the teachings of tender parents and these sentiments, when 

developed, displayed him a man among men, — a mind well balanced, 

educated in scholarly knowledge and refinement, and equipped with 

energy and capacity to fill almost any position of honor and trust. 
Vol. n— s 



596 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

One of his courses of education was at a school near Philadelphia; 
the next being at Bolmar's (who had been a soldier, in the army of 
Napoleon the Great) at or near Princeton, New Jersey, where he was 
an apl and appreciative scholar; then at Franklin College, later the 
University of Georgia. At Franklin College, in the sophomore class, 
he contested for the prize medal offered to the best elocutionist. He 
and one other student were adjudged the best, and there being but 
one medal, another was furnished and presented to him. He did not 
graduate at this college, for when on a vacation at home, the faculty 
invited him not to return. Yet in after years, he was appointed one 
of the board of trustees for this university. Upon his retirement from 
college his studies were directed by a competent tutor. He then studied 
law with Judge William Law, one of the distinguished lawyers of 
Savannah. Finishing the course in law, he began the practice. At 
his father's solicitations he closed his office and undertook to manage 
his large planting interests. This he followed with unbounded energy, 
intelligence and success. He introduced rollers for crushing plowed 
land, rice plows and a rice sowing machine, which were valuable in the 
preparation of rice lands for cultivation and in the sowing of seed. 

In the year 1847, Colonel Screven went to Europe, and meeting the 
Hon. George Bancroft in London, he was advised to begin his studies 
at Heidelberg. After a few months, his health not being good and a 
longing for home possessing him, he returned to Savannah to resume 
planting. In 1849 he married the beautiful and lovely in character 
Mary AVhite Footman, a daughter of Dr. Richard and Mary Constance 
(Maxwell) Footman, a daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Habersham) 
Maxwell, a daughter of James and Hester (Wylly) Habersham, a sister 
of Col. Richard Wylly and daughter of Alexander Wylly. James 
Habersham was a son of Hon. James Habersham (a native of England, 
immigrant to the province of Georgia and who held many high and 
important offices in Georgia) and his wife Mary (Bolton) Habersham. 

Colonel Screven's second marriage was to Mary Eleanor (Nesbit) 
Browne, widow of Col. Thomas Browne (colonel of Second Alabama 
Regiment of Cavalrv, and killed at Murfreesboro), and daughter of 
Hugh O'Kiefe Nesbit of Macon, Georgia. She died in 1883. Colonel 
Screven had seven children by his first marriage and two by the second. 
Three children of the first marriage survived him, but two of these 
soon followed. One child of the second marriage survived him, and 
she died soon afterward, but there are descendants in the first, second 
and third generations. 

Colonel Screven was elected, in 1858, captain of the Savannah Vol- 
unteer Guards. He was wonderfully successful in this command, the 
guards largely increasing in numbers and skill in the military exercises, 
and in popularity. They soon purchased a suitable building and lot 
for an armory on the corner of York and Bull streets. When General 
Sherman and his troops occupied Savannah, this building was burned. 
On January 3, 1861, Hon. Joseph E. Brown, governor of Georgia, as a 
precaution, ordered the seizure of Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the 
Savannah river. A detachment of the guards, under Captain Screven's 
command, the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, Capt. F. S. Bartow and the 
Chatham Artillery were sent to carry out the order and the fort was 
seized and occupied. The guards performed service at several periods 
during the months of January and Februaiy, 1861. Their next service 
under Captain Screven, clothed in Confederate gray (they were the 
first military companies to adopt the gray uniform) was in the Con- 
federate states' service for sixty days, April and May. 1861, at a battery 
at Thunderbolt, Chatham county: the second term of service was for 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEOKGIA 579 

six months at Port Screven and Battery Stiles on Green island, both 
under the command of Captain Screven. The third enlistment as the 
Savannah Volunteer Guards Battalion, in 1863, designated as the 
Eighteenth Georgia Battalion, of three companies, A, B and C, was on 
March 1, 1862, for three years, or the war. Captain Screven was elected 
major, but served only as acting such, not being commissioned by the 
state, but shortly after a commission was issued to him as major of 
artillery by the Confederate government. During this enlistment he 
was frequently absent from his command, having an additional duty 
imposed upon him by the authorities in supervising obstructions in the 
Savannah river by means of sunken cribs loaded with stone or brick; 
but he was permanently detached in December, 1862, from the com- 
mand to take charge of the Atlantic & Gulf Railroad for the better 
transportation of government supplies and troops. Upon General Sher- 
man 's approach to Savannah in December, 186-4, Colonel Screven, with 
the equipments of the Atlantic & Gulf Railroad, left the city for south- 
west Georgia, and, at Way's Station, in Bryan county, narrowly escaped 
capture by that general 's troops, who were marching on Fort McAllister. 
Colonel Screven returned to Savannah in May, 1865. It was in 1864 
that his services were required in Savannah in the work of raising 
troops. Succeeding with five companies, he was commissioned a lieu- 
tenant-colonel, and thence his title of colonel. The command of the 
Savannah Volunteer Guards fell to Capt. William S. Basinger of Com- 
pany A, he being the senior officer. After the war, in 1872, he, Major 
Basinger, was elected major of the battalion of the Savannah Volun- 
teer Guards and served for about ten years, after which he resigned, 
when the corps desired Colonel Screven to accept the command, but 
he declined the honor. 

In 1859 Colonel Screven succeeded his father in the presidency of 
the Atlantic & Gulf Railroad. After the war between the Confederate 
states and the United States, he was retained in the presidency for 
many years, encountering serious difficulties in the management and 
maintenance of the road in consequence of the costs of its restoration 
of the roadbed and the poverty of the contiguous country, which indeed 
were largely attributable to the results of the war and course pursued 
by the victors. The company having gone into bankruptcy, he was 
retained as receiver. It was finally sold and was called the Savannah, 
Florida & Western Railway, now the Atlantic Coast Line. 

Colonel Screven was elected the mayor of Savannah to serve during 
administrative periods from 1869 to 1873, but resigned before the 
expiration of the last period. In the election to that office in 1869, he 
represented the Democratic party of the city and was opposed by the 
Republican party. He received a majority of 2,010 votes over his 
opponent. Upon this result there was great rejoicing, evidenced by 
a grand parade of citizens bearing banners. Whilst mayor he was 
charged with mal-administration of the affairs of the Atlantic & Gulf 
Railroad, but at a meeting of the stockholders, he was re-elected presi- 
dent, and at a later public meeting of stockholders and citizens he was 
honorably exonerated from these charges. His administrative abilities 
and resolution were markedly judicious. An instance was while mayor 
of the city, during the regime of Aaron Alperio Bradley, the leader of 
the Republican negroes and carpet baggers), when anticipating the 
seizure by this class of the polls at an election to be soon held, he notified 
the volunteer companies of the city to be ready, sent to New York 
for a rapid fire gun, requested the aid of the authorities at Washington, 
D. C, and sending for one of the leaders of the white Republicans in- 
formed him that he would be the first one shot if any such action 



598 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

occurred. The white leader left Savannah that night and no disturb- 
ance occurred at the polls. 

On March 11, 1873, Colonel Screven was persented with a hand- 
some gift, upon which was inscribed: "Hon. John Screven, mayor of 
Savannah, 1869^1873. A token of esteem and affection from the Savan- 
nah Police Department, March 11, 1873." 

Having been relieved of his railroad duties upon the sale of the 
Atlantic & Gulf Railroad, he was chosen an associate arbitrator of the 
Southern Railway & Steamship Association, and as such served with 
distinguished credit and approval. 

He was the first president of the Sons of the Revolution, a member 
of the Jasper Monumental Association, president of the board of 
trustees of the Chatham Academy, member and third vice-president 
of the Confederate Veteran's Association, Camp 756, president of the 
Georgia Historical Society, trustee of the University of Georgia, member 
of the board of education, member of the legislature, 1859-60, judge 
of the inferior court of Chatham county from 1852, honorary mem- 
ber of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, commissioner on the construc- 
tion of the state capitol at Atlanta, Georgia, member of the Savannah 
Benevolent Association, member of the Drainage Commission, 1877. In 
the yellow fever epidemic of 1876, "he rendered fearless, devoted and 
noble service." His oldest son, James Proctor Screven, died of this 
disease. Col. Screven was attacked, but recovered, having remained in 
the city to attend to his railroad duties. 

Col. Screven's last public effort was in the fall of 1899, when an 
executive committee, of which he was chairman, made complete prep- 
arations for the reunion of the Georgia division of the United Con- 
federate Veterans to be held in Savannah on November 22, 23, and 21, 
1899. This was a notable event and was attended by numerous Vet- 
erans and Daughters of the Confederacy with their distinguished guests. 
On this occasion he delivered an address of welcome. 

Col. Screven was an excellent presiding officer at meetings of clubs, 
associations, committees, and popular assemblies, for he understood 
parliamentary law and its application. In conversation, his charm of 
manner and his diction made him most entertaining. He was not given 
to story-telling. As an orator he had but few equals. As a writer he 
was lucid and cultivated. His mind was a storehouse of varied and 
valuable information acquired from youth to old age. In height he was 
about five feet ten and a half inches, slender in build, graceful in his 
movements, ever polite, easily approached, and kind and generous in 
all ways. 

The following is copied from the repoi't of the committee of the 
Georgia Historical Society on the death of Col. Screven, which occurred 
on January 9, 1900; the committeemen were members of the society: 
Col. George A. Mercer, Dr. R. J. Nunn, Judge Robert Falligant, B. A. 
Denmark. Esq., and J. R. Saussy, Esq. 

"At the date of his decease he was president of the University Club 
of Savannah, president of the board of trustees of Chatham Academy, 
president of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution and 
president of the Georgia Historical Society. It is to the dignified, able. 
and efficient discharge of the important functions of this last high 
office that your committee more particularly seek to pay merited tribute. 

"Col. Screven was elected a member of our society on the 10th day 
of March, 1851. He was chosen a curator February 13, 1888. At the 
last date he was elected second vice-president and first vice-president, 
on February 12, 1889. On June 16, 189S. upon the death of our then 
lamented president, the distinguished Henry R. Jackson, he was unan- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 599 

imously chosen president of the society, and filled the office up to the 
day of his death. For this position lie was eminently fitted both by' 
character and training. His conduct as man and officer was a model to 
all observers ; his deportment was suave and winning ; and his literary 
ability and culture, his love of art, his sympathy with every proper 
expression of beauty, were pronounced and abiding. One of the strong- 
est qualifications he held for the position was his becoming attention to 
details. He fully appreciated the value of minutiae and did not con- 
sider it the mark of a strong mind to neglect little things. While he 
accepted the rules which Shakespeare announced through the mouth of 
Lepidus that 'small to great matters must give way,' he did so with 
the frequent qualification of Enorbarbus, 'not if the small come first.' 
He knew that compacted grains of sand often make a surer foundation 
than mighty blocks of stone. In fine, he obeyed the injunction of the 
Apostle, and did all things, both great and small, at all times and in 
all places, decently and in order. 

"Col. Screven was one of the last links left that bound us to a gen- 
eration less materialized, less selfish and money loving, and in many 
respects possessing more high tones than our own. He belonged to 
that class of men who help to punctuate a cycle, and the bloom of whose 
life and character adorns a generation. He was always considerate and 
conciliating. His voice, like Cadelia's, was soft, gentle and low, and 
he was too refined a gentleman to be ever noisily demonstrative or other- 
wise. He was a very rare combination of the fort iter in re with the 
suaviter in modo. He always wore upon the iron hand the velvet glove. 
To the abounding virility of the strong man he united the gentle courtesy 
of the refined and delicate woman. The very atmosphere that he exhaled 
was redolent of his goodness and spread the pure contagion of his life 
and purpose. It was impossible to come within the sphere of his influ- 
ence without feeling a sense of betterment, and realizing a consciousness 
of elevation. He was indeed a knight without fear and without re- 
proach. What better can be said of him than that he was always a 
perfect southern gentleman, and at a period when to reach such an 
ideal was to be a little lower than the angels. 

"Happy Historical Society to have numbered among its guides such 
noble characters, and to have been able to diffuse its divine purposes 
through the influences and example of such pure and lofty example ! 
Be it therefore 

"Resolved, 1st, That in the death of Col. John Screven the Georgia 
Historical Society has lost a most faithful and accomplished presiding 
officer, a wise counsellor, and a cherished and lamented friend. 

"2d. That the city of Savannah has lost one of her most public 
spirited and useful citizens, who occupied a large place at every state 
of its progress, and in all its advancements, charities, and amenities 
was ever foremost. 

"3d. That a certified copy of these proceedings be sent to the fam- 
ily of the deceased with the profoundest sympathy of the Society. 

"4th. That they be spread upon the minutes of the Society upon 
pages specially set apart for that purpose. 

"5th. That the chair of the late president be draped in mourning 
for a period of sixty days." 

Hon. Robert Falligant, for the committee appointed by the board 
of managers to prepare suitable resolutions touching the death of Presi- 
dent John Screven, made the following report which was ordered to be 
spread upon the minutes : 

"Col. John Screven, Sons of the Revolution. A Minute. 

"In common with many organizations of the city, civil and mili- 



600 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

tary, our Society mourns the loss of a distinguished son and a devoted 
president in the death of Col. John Screven. So broad and catholic 
was the spirit, so many and versatile were the gifts, so deep and pro- 
found the interest of Colonel Screven, that he touched the life of the 
city at every point, and while health and strength continued he never 
ceased to give himself and of the brilliant personality he possessed to 
the welfare of every institution that tended to broaden and enrich our 
communal life. And thus, as the municipality of Savannah mourns in 
his death the loss of one who filled with highest honor the office of chief 
executive ; as the veterans of the past and the Volunteer Guards of the 
present stood together around his grave to testify to the fearless soldier 
in times of war and the wise counselor in times of peace ; as state and 
city both remember with gratitude the illustrious statesman who reflected 
honor to the name of Georgia : so it seems good to us, his associates in 
the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, to enter this minute of respect 
and admiration upon the pages of our record. To us, in the more lim- 
ited sphere of usefulness, as he was to others in the broader sphere of 
life's activities, Col. Screven was always the wise counselor, the help- 
ful friend, the judicious manager of the patriotic interests of our Society. 
Himself the descendant of a long line of distinguished ancestry, he was 
particularly fitted to kindle and preserve a live interest in the deeds of 
the heroic men of the early days of our country. Possessing a fund of 
historic lore, well versed in the history of his native state, with a mind 
enriched by varied reading, it seemed to him — and through him to us — 
a duty to keep alive, by this Society the memory of the men whose wise 
statesmanship established, and whose blood cemented, the original Union 
of the States. 

"A country gentleman of the old South! No better title can adorn 
his brow. Of all the crowns which eloquence, statesmanship, and chiv- 
alry have placed there, none did he wear with greater grace or with 
more perfect ease, for that title was his by heredity and his own devel- 
oped culture. Standing before the young men of this generation they 
saw what type it was of grace and manhood — manly courage and 
womanly tenderness — that of the old South, at its very best, could pro- 
duce for the inspiration of her sons and for the admiration of the world ! 
As the shadows came out of the skies and fell upon his sleeping place, 
we seem to feel the historian's words of old: 'They buried him among 
the kings,' and with them came the poet's interpretation of them: 

'Yes, lay him down where sleep the royal dead. 
His steady hand no more the censer swings : 
Room for this man beside the bones of kings. 
For kingly was he. tho' uncrowned they said. 
Great hearted friend, thee. too. we counted bred 
For manhood, loftier than the tardy wings 
Of souls content with songs the caged bird sings 
Are wont to soar to. Thine it was to wed 
Far sundered thoughts in amity complete — 
With Christ's own freedom fettered minds to free: 
To thread Hie darkling patter where timid feet 
Paltered and slipped. Oh. it was not in thee 
To blanch at any peril! Then most meet 
That thou amidst the kings should buried be.' 

' ' In sense of the loss this Society has sustained, in admiration of the 
character lie bore, 

"Resolved, that the secretary inscribe upon our minutes this testi- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 601 

monial to our late president, Col. John Screven ; and to his family extend 
the profound sympathy of this Society in their bereavement — a loss to 
them too deep for words, and to us so great that our words do but feebly 
represent the sentiment of our hearts. 

"R. Falligant, 
"Charles H. Strong, 
"Pope Barrow, 

' ' Committee. ' ' ' 
The following memorials and tributes are introduced to still further 
show how profoundly the death of Col. John Screven was felt by his 
friends and associates: 

"Memorial and Tribute 

to 

Col. John Screven. 

At Confederate Hall, February 6, 1900. 

"The meeting was presided over by the newly elected president, 
Robert Falligant. Immediately after the meeting was called to order 
First Vice-President Louis G. Young moved to dispose of the reading 
of the minutes and the regular order of business. 

'At our last monthly meeting,' he said, 'there was one with us 
whom we loved to see here ; his presence was a benediction, and we 
thought to have him with us many years, so we elected him to office, 
and we expected him to answer to the roll-call tonight, but our eyes 
were darkened ; we could not see that his last was a farewell visit. 
Early in the morning of the ninth of last month the Great Captain 
called him and we can imagine his soldiery adsum as he joined the 
ranks of the hosts beyond the sky. John Screven, late lieutenant colonel 
in the provisional army of the Confederate states, is not here with 
us in the flesh tonight ; they tell us he is dead, but as he lives in our 
hearts and is present in our thoughts, it is meet that we do homage 
to his memory. 

" 'I therefore move that the minutes of the last meeting and the 
regular business of this, be dispensed with, and that a committee of three 
be appointed by the chair to prepare a memorial and draft resolu- 
tions in commemoration of the death of our comrade and late third 
vice-president, Col. John Screven, the same to be presented and acted 
on at this meeting.' 

"In seconding the motion (apt. M. P. Usina took occasion to 
introduce the response received by the executive committee of the re- 
union, of which he was a member with Colonel Screven, from the mem- 
bers of the family, of the deceased, replying to the action taken by the 
committee as follows : 

"'The executive committee. Confederate Reunion: Gentlemen: 
The daughters and son of Col. John Screven thank you individually and 
collectively for your beautiful tribute to the memory of their father, 
and they beg that you will extend their thanks to the Confederate 
Veterans Association of Savannah for their presence at his funeral. He 
often spoke in the highest terms of the members of your committee, 
and he was exceedingly proud that, he had the good fortune of being 
a member of your committee and of the association. It is most gratify- 
ing to them that he was held in such high esteem by yourselves and by 
the veterans, the memory of which they trust will ever be to them a 
pleasure and a joy.' 

"Captain Usina also read a letter received by the members of Colonel 
Screven's family from Col. Thomas H. Carter, proctor and superin- 



602 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

tendent of grounds and buildings of the University of Virginia. Colonel 
Carter was a colonel of artillery in the Army of Northern Virginia. 
For a number of years he was associated with Colonel Screven as a 
member of the board of arbitration of the Southern Railway and Steam- 
ship Association. Colonel Carter wrote his letter to the family just 
after reading the announcement of Colonel Screven's death. In his 
letter he says: 'For sixteen years your father and myself stood to- 
gether in the closest and most confidential bonds of friendship. His was 
the closest friendship formed by me since the days of my youth. In 
an acquaintance with a long line of men of the highest character, I 
never knew a nature more chivalrous, an honor more spotlessly bright, 
a sense of justice that more truly and bravely sought the right. As 
the needle with unerring instinct points to the pole, so his mind, by 
intuition, turned always to the truth. In arbitration, the most difficult, 
delicate and responsible, involving interests incalculable, he was ever 
true to the right, and as steady and brave as a veteran of a hundred 
fields. I esteem it one of the greatest privileges of my life to have 
known intimately a man so pure, noble and cultured, and can say in all 
sincerity that the earth that bears him dead bears not alive a truer 
gentleman. ' 

"Mr. Young's motion that the regular order of business be dispensed 
with and that the chair appoint a committee of three to prepare a suit- 
able memorial to the late vice-president was unanimously adopted. 
The chair appointed Vice-President Young and Comrades Pope Barrow 7 
and J. R. Saussy. A short recess was taken while the committee pre- 
pared its report. "When the meeting was again called to order the report 
was submitted by Vice-President Young as follows : 

In Memoriam. 

John Screven. 

Born in Savannah, Georgia, Sept. 18, 1827. 

Died in Savannah, Georgia, 

January 9, 1900. 

"His first American ancestor, the Rev. William Screven, emigrated 
from England in 1610, and located in Kittery, Maine, from which 
place, driven by persecution, he went to South Carolina, where he set- 
tled and founded the illustrious family from which sprung in due 
time the knightly comrade whose death we mourn. 

"Colonel Screven was the eldest son of Dr. James Proctor Screven, 
and Hannah Georgia Bryan — his father an eminent physician and one 
of the leading men of the city and state ; his mother a lineal descendant 
of Jonathan Bryan, one of the most prominent of the early settlers of 
the Colony of Georgia. Inheriting the intellectual and moral qualities 
which adorned generation after generation of his family, and which 
have made it conspicuous in public and private life, Colonel Screven, 
from youth to old age added lustre to the goodly name he bore. Studi- 
ous and dutiful as a boy, he grew in knowledge, was educated with the 
best advantages, and, endowed with the nobility of soul which readily 
assimilated the refinement and virtues of a cultivated home, wherein 
dwelt all gentle, Christian virtue, he commenced life thoroughly 
equipped for the career of usefulness and honor which lay before him. 
Appreciating from the start (he duty which he owed to God and his 
fellow men, he lived a faithful servant of both, and died as he had lived, 
in favor with God and man. 

"Colonel Screven's was an active, useful life, surpassing in measure 
that of most men. Faithful and conscientious in the performance of 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 603 

his several callings, lie was always ready to serve family, friend, city, 
country ; and many and various were the places of honor and trust to 7 
which lie was called. But the record of these is beyond the scope of 
this memorial. To the biographer must be left the details of a life 
replete with incident, and forming so important a part in the history of 
Savannah, that she must ever number him among the foremost and 
most illustrious of her sons. Ours the privilege as Confederate veterans 
to make mention of his services in the sacred cause for which we fought, 
the object of which is to sustain a principle, — the broad principle of 
constitutional liberty. — the right of self-government. Ours the part 
to recall his virtues, — to turn to them for consolation and example and 
to hold them up for the emulation of our youth. 

"The simple account of Colonel Screven's record as a soldier, sanc- 
tioned by himself, runs thus: 'In 1858 he was elected captain of the 
Savannah Volunteer Guards, and his was one of the three companies 
designated to occupy Fort Pulaski, when it was seized by order of 
Governor Brown in the name of the state of Georgia, January 3, 1861. 
Although president of the Atlantic and Gulf Railway during this period, 
he was appointed Major of Artillery in the Confederate Provisional 
Army, and continued to serve with his command until December, 1862, 
when he was ordered by the commanding general to resume his railroad 
duties. In 1864, when Sherman commenced his movement towards 
the coast. Major Screven raised a local battalion of five companies to aid 
in the defense of Savannah, and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant 
colonel.' Thus was Colonel Screven active in war service, even before 
the Confederacy came into existence, and although but a short time in 
the field, always held commissions in the army, and left the field only 
at the call to more arduous and trying duties ; if in a less conspicuous 
sphere, yet one in which he could serve his country to most advantage. 
"The war ended, Colonel Screven took up the thread of life where 
it had been broken, and from that time to the close of an eventful and 
checkered career, so bore himself in public and private life that he has 
left to us the legacy of a spotless name. Upright in heart and mien, 
with nobility of soul stamped upon his face, he walked among us, the 
height of chaste thoughts so beaming from his countenance that men 
turned to look upon him and to gather inspiration to follow in his foot- 
steps. No one could hold intercourse with him without feeling that: 
'Here is a gentleman in whom I have an absolute trust.' 

" 'He was a Christian, in faith, hope and charity; 
An Israelite, indeed, in whom there is no guile. 
A Knight in Chivalrie, 
Treuthe and honour, freedom and courtesie. ' 

"A gentleman! And 'what is it to be a gentleman? Is it to have 
lofty aims ? to lead a pure life ? to keep your honor virgin ? to have the 
esteem of your fellow citizens and the love of your fireside? to bear 
good fortune meekly? to suffer evil with constancy? and through evil 
or good to maintain in truth always? Show me that happy man whose 
life exhibits these qualities, and him we salute as a gentleman.' 
"Thus was he, 

" 'And indeed he seems to me 
Scarce other than my ideal knight, 
Who reverenced his conscience and his king 
Whose glory was redressing human wrong, 
V no spake no slander, no, nor listened to it. 
We have lost him, he is gone. 



604 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

We know him now ; all narrow jealousies 

Are silent, and we see him as he moves, 

How modest, kindly, all-accomplished, wise ; 

With what sublime repression of himself, 

And what limits and how tenderly; 

Not swaying to this faction or that ; 

Not making his high place the lawless perch 

Of wing'd ambitions, nor a vantage ground 

For pleasure ; but through all this track of years, 

Wearing the white flower of a blameless life.' 

"Therefore, be it resolved, That in the death of John Screven, who 
was our third vice-president, our comrade, and one of the most devoted 
of our members to the sacred cause we represent, our association finds 
cause to mourn. 

"That in contemplating his worth, his many virtues, and princely 
character, we find cause for gratitude and consolation in our grief. 

"That in these times when our youth are misled by the teachings 
which measure success by the gain of money, we point them to an 
example of a life whose success lay in its wealth of honor, and truth 
and piety. 

"That with a copy of these resolutions we extend to his family the 
heartfelt sympathy of the association." 

In seconding the motion to accept the resolutions, Mr. Barrow said 
that he seemed to see again the slender, graceful form and gentle face 
which had been so familiar on the streets of Savannah. Mr. Barrow 
spoke from the long personal acquaintance and friendship with the 
deceased. He spoke especially of his grace and charm of manner, and 
said he never spoke a word or did an act that was unbecoming. His 
words and acts always seemed to suit the occasion. It was the nature 
of the man to act the gentleman. The sad feature of Colonel Screven's 
life, Mr. Barrow said, had been that his last days were not his best days. 
As he declined in years misfortunes had crowded upon him and he had 
been troubled with many cares. Mr. Barrow gave a tender and sympa- 
thetic account, of his last visit to his deceased friend only two days 
before his death. 

General McGlashan said that he had known Colonel Screven but a 
comparatively short time, but his strong individuality, his marked 
dignity of character and his purity of soul had drawn him strongly to 
him. He had been more strongly drawn to Colonel Screven, he said, 
during his association with him as a member of the joint executive 
committee, while the preparations for the recent reunion were in prog- 
ress, the success of which had been largely due to the unceasing efforts, 
the wise judgmenl and the constant attention to details of the deceased. 
It was Colonel Screven who smoothed over all differences, preserved 
harmony and kept attention constantly centered upon their work. "Like 
his great prototype," said General McGlashan. "he was a man who 
drew all men to him. His heightened manner of looking at everything 
elevated us all. Colonel Screven was a man who typified in himself the 
highest type of a Georgia gentleman. In other words, he was a citizen 
of the first rank of the greatest nation on earth. In his death we have 
lost a warm, sincere, patriotic comrade, an officer who would have 
guided ns wisely; a warm friend whose grasp was ever true: a Con- 
federate whose heart was ever warm to the cause and whose effort since 
the struggle ended was ever to dignify the name of the Confederate 
soldier. " 

Mr. Saussy spoke of the galaxy of distinguished men who had 




^ 







SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 605 

been members of the association, but who had since become members 
of the great army beyond, among them the sturdy Lawton, the fiery 
Jackson and the brave McLaws. Among them all there was no man who 
filled so much the measure of a man as Colonel Screven. He was first 
of all a perfect gentleman, with an ease of manner which made it always 
a pleasure to be with him. Being possessed of unusual advantages 
in youth, he had made good use of these, becoming possessed of many 
accomplishments. He was thus fitted for the offices he had held, all of 
which he had discharged honorably and well. The reverses of later life 
had only served to bring out the strength and nobility of his character. 
His was a remarkably well-rounded character. Whatsoever things were 
true, honorable, just, pure and beautiful, — these were characteristics 
of him. Having lived a life worthy in all its parts that made man in 
the image of his Maker, he was able to gather the drapery of his couch 
about him and lie down to pleasant dreams. 

Judge Falligant said that he could not allow the opportunity to 
pass without saying a word of tribute to the memory of one who was 
so highly esteemed by all. It had been peculiarly characteristic of the 
cause and the principle for which they had fought, he said, that the men 
who had stood up for this cause had been of the loftiest type of man- 
hood. It was not necessary to run over the list of noble names embalmed 
in every southern heart. Of this type had been the man to whose 
memory they paid merited tribute. It is a type of civilization which 
is fast passing away and one never to be renewed in the history of the 
world. Judge Falligant closed with the idea that in the great moral 
world there is no death. While mortal frames perish, the moral truths 
which they have exemplified live on to exercise influence over the world 
of life. 

The resolutions were then unanimously adopted and a copy ordered 
to be spread upon the minutes. Those members who did not make 
remarks gave their hearty endorsement to what had been said. It was 
a remarkable tribute to one who had so recently passed from their 
midst and to whom those present seemed to feel they were but render- 
ing his just due. 

Capt. Thomas F. Screven. Distinguished not only as a splendid 
representative of the native-born citizens of Savannah, his birth having 
occurred in this city April 19, 1834, but for his honorable record as a 
brave and efficient soldier, and for the very efficient and creditable man- 
ner in which he is filling his present position as sheriff of Chatham 
county. He comes of honored pioneer stock, being a son of James Proc- 
tor and Hannah Georgia (Bryan) Screven, of whom an account may be 
found on another page of this volume. 

Beginning his early studies at home, under the instruction of a pri- 
vate tutor in the family, Thomas F. Screven afterwards attended Miss 
Church's school and the Chatham Academy, in Savannah, and then 
entered Franklin College, now the University of Georgia, from which 
he was graduated with the class of 1852. For a short time thereafter 
he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in Savannah, but gave up his 
position in order to take up the study of medicine with Dr. R. D. Arnold. 
Finding that to his liking, he continued his studies at the old Savannah 
Medical College, where he was graduated in 1858. Subsequently his 
father sent him abroad, but after being in Europe but six months he 
was forced to return to Savannah on account of the ill health of his 
father. In caring for his father, Captain Screven subsequently trav- 
eled with him a good deal in those days, and never took up permanently 
the practice of medicine, although his professional knowledge was most 



606 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

usefully applied in treating the various ailments of the negroes belong- 
in, »■ to the Screven family. 

In IIS") 2 Captain Screven had joined the Savannah Volunteer Guards, 
of which lie was still a member when the dark clouds of war began to 
hover over the country. Following the secession of South Carolina 
from the Union, Governor Brown resolved to take possession of the forts 
and barracks on Georgia soil, a wise decision as subsequent events proved. 
Under his order to that effect, Colonel Lawton, of the First Volunteer 
Regiment, took fifty men of the Savannah Volunteer Guards (which 
were then commanded by Mr. Screven's brother, the late Col. James 
Screven, then captain), also taking a detachment from the Oglethorpe 
Light Infantry, and from the Chatham Artillery, and, on January 3, 
1861, seized Fort Pulaski. Mr. Screven, who had assisted in the taking 
of the fort, was made second lieutenant junior of Company B, Savan- 
nah Volunteer Guards, on February 25, 1861. In March, 1862, he was 
commissioned first lieutenant of company A. S. V. G.. and on May 10, 
1863, was promoted to captain of said company, a position which he 
filled bravely and well until the end of the war, the Savannah Volun- 
teer Guards having been organized as the Eighteenth Georgia Battalion, 
which served throughout the war with distinction. 

Captain Screven's service was in Georgia, South Carolina, and Vir- 
ginia. With his company he served for a time under fire of the terrible 
bombardment of Battery Wagner (Charleston Harbor). Going with 
his command to Virginia in May, 1864, he joined Lee's Army, and was 
stationed at Mattoax, on the Richmond & Danville Railroad. In Oc- 
tober, 1864, the Captain went with the battalion to join the forces of 
the Richmond lines, and was there stationed at Chafin's farm. In April, 
1865, Captain Screven returned to Georgia on a furlough, and on May 
1, of that year, received his parol at Augusta. 

For some time after the war, Captain Screven was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits on the Screven plantation, in Chatham county, but for 
many years past he has resided in Savannah, an honored and respected 
citizen. For a long while after the war the captain remained a mem- 
ber of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, serving as captain of Company 
B from 1872 until 1883. On retiring from the captaincy of the com- 
pany, its members presented him with a beautiful silver set, and resolu- 
tions expressing their high regard for him, and their regret at his leav- 
ing them. On February 7, 1888, Captain Screven became a member of 
Camp No. 756, United Confederate Veterans. In 1906 the captain was 
elected sheriff of Chatham county, and has since filled the position with 
credit to himself and to Jhe great acceptation of all concerned. 

Captain Screven married first, in 1860, Miss Adelaide Van Dyke 
Moore, a daughter of Dr. R. D. and Elizabeth (Stockton) Moore, and 
granddaughter of Maj. Thomas Stockton, who served as major in the 
United States army, and at the time of his death was governor of Mary- 
land. She passed to the life beyond in 1864. In 1866 the captain 
married for his second wife Miss Sallie Lloyd Buchanan, a daughter of 
Admiral Franklin and Ann Catherine (Lloyd) Buchanan, her father 
having been first a member of the United States Navy, and later of the 
Confederate States Navy. 

Capt. Francis D. Bloodwoktii, vice-president of the National Bank 
of Savannah, and in many ways identified with the city's activities, is 
a native of the Empire State of the South. 

It was in Spalding county, Georgia, October 16, 1S42. that Francis 
D. Blood worth was born, son of Solomon W. and Lucy I Thornton) 
Bloodworth, both natives of this state, lie completed his education in 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 607 

Marshall College, Griffin, Georgia, where he was a member of the 
Spalding Grays, one of the companies which were ordered to Virginia' 
by Governor Brown in April, 1861, upon the call of Governor Letcher 
of Virginia. They were sent to Norfolk to guard the stores abandoned 
by the enemy, and, with the other Georgia companies that went at the 
same time, were organized as the Second Independent Georgia Battalion, 
under the command of Colonel Hardeman, being the first troops from 
another state to arrive in Virginia. After a year's service in the 
vicinity of Norfolk, his battalion joined the army under General Lee, 
and participated in the Seven Days' battle around Richmond, and in the 
Manassas, Maryland and Fredericksburg campaigns. In the summer 
of 1863, Mr. Bloodworth, who had risen to the rank of first sergeant of 
his company, was detailed, owing to his physical condition, as clerk in 
a hospital in Atlanta, where he was on duty until January, 1864. 
Then he returned to his battalion in Gen. Ambrose R. Wright's brigade, 
Anderson's division, Gen. A. P. Hill's corps, Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia, and fought through the Wilderness campaign. His health failed 
under this arduous service, and he was again disabled from active 
service until February, 1865, when he joined his command on the 
Petersburg lines. His last engagement was a fight between High Bridge 
and Farmville on the retreat to Appomattox, April 7, 1865, when he 
was slightly wounded, and captured. He was paroled at Burkesville, 
Virginia, shortly after General Lee's surrender, and returned to 
Griffin, Georgia. 

Captain Bloodworth resided at Griffin until 1871, when he removed 
to Savannah and embarked in business as a commission merchant. And 
here he has since made his home, with the exception of two years, from 
1893 to 1895, when he was engaged in manufacturing at Atlanta, and 
since 1895 he had held the important and responsible position of cashier 
and vice-president of the National Bank of Savannah, one of the 
strongest banking institutions of the state. This bank has a capital 
stock of $400,000, with surplus and undivided profits in excess of 
$600,000. 

At the time of his leaving Savannah for Atlanta in 1893, Captain 
Bloodworth was vice-president of the Confederate Veterans' Associa- 
tion, a director of the Merchants National Bank, and a member of the 
sanitary board of the city of Savannah. And previous to that time he 
had served one term as president of the Cotton Exchange. Since then 
he served one term as president of the Georgia State Bankers' Asso- 
ciation, and for several years, ending in 1911, he was president of the 
Savannah Clearing House Association. He is vice-president of the 
Savannah Port Society and a director of the Savannah Cotton Exchange. 
For a number of years he was an active member of the Georgia Hussars. 
Among other organizations of a social or business nature with which 
he is identified are the Oglethorpe Club, the Golf Club, the Yacht Club, 
the B. P. & T. Club and the Capital City Club of Atlanta. 

Captain and Mrs. Bloodworth have two children : Lucy, wife of Mr. 
H. P. Inabnett of Tampa, Florida, and Effie, wife of Mr. F. M. Butler 
of Savannah. Mrs. Bloodworth, formerly Miss Sarah Allen, was born 
in Meriwether county, Georgia. 

Capt. Francis P. McIntire. This distinguished young citizen of 
Savannah is conspicuous in the affairs of this section of the state for 
three reasons. In the first place he is prominent in the military affairs 
of the state ; in the second he is one of the standard-bearers of the Demo- 
cratic party and holds the office of chairman of the executive committee 
of the same; in the third he is one of the ablest and most promising 



608 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

of Savannah lawyers, in his comparatively brief career having been 
connected with much important litigation and having earned the respect 
of bench and bar alike. 

Captain Mclntire was born in Savannah July 22, 1881, the son 
of James W. and Katharine (Foley) Mclntire. The father, who is 
living in Savannah, is also a native of this city and a son of the late 
James Mclntire, who when a small boy came from his native country, 
the north of Ireland, to Savannah, his arrival in this city being in ante- 
bellum days (some time in the early '50s). The wife of this immigrant 
ancestor was Frances (Noyes) Mclntire. The family is really of Scotch 
origin. Captain Mclntire 's mother, who is deceased, was also born in 
Savannah and is the daughter of Owen Foley and Honoria Kirby, a 
native of Ireland, who came to Savannah about the year 1840. Thus 
the city is dear with many strong ties and associations to the imme- 
diate subject of these lines. 

Captain Mclntire received his first introduction to Minerva in the 
public schools of the city and was graduated from the high school in 
1898. He subsequently matriculated in the Pennsylvania Military 
College, where he pursued a civil engineering course, and in 1901 re- 
ceived the degree of C. B. He attended the law department of the 
University of Georgia and in the class of 1903 received the degree of 
LL. B. He had in the meantime studied law in Savannah under Judge 
G. T. Cann, while that gentleman was judge of the court of chancery, 
and also under Judge Cann's brother, J. Ferris Cann. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1903, and since that time has been engaged successfully in 
the practice of his profession in this city. 

For several years, Captain Mclntire has been a prominent member 
of the Georgia Hussars, famous as the oldest military organization in 
the state, and for having taken a fighting part in all the wars from the 
Revolution to the Spanish-American, and whose membership has in- 
cluded many of the best-known citizens of Savannah during its long 
history. He enlisted in the Hussars as a private and through pro- 
motions became captain of the Georgia Hussars in 1905, which office 
he still holds. 

Captain Mclntire was married in Savannah in 1909, the young 
woman to become his wife and the mistress of his household being Miss 
Lucy H. Barrow, daughter of the late Judge Pope Barrow, a former 
governor of Georgia and United States senator. Mrs. Mclntire 's mother 
was Cornelia (Jackson) Barrow, daughter of the late Gen. Henry 
R. Jackson of Savannah. Their household, distinguished as one of the 
most charming in a city of attractive homes, is further made interesting 
by the presence of a son, James W. Mclntire, Jr. 

C.vi'T. Daniel Hoard Baldwin. Conspicuous among the enterpris- 
ing and progressive men who during the middle of the nineteenth cen- 
tury were most intimately associated with the development and advance- 
ment of the mercantile prosperity of Chatham county. Georgia, was 
Capt,. Daniel Hoard Baldwin, one of the foremost merchants of Savan- 
nah. A son of Tilley and Rebecca Hoard Baldwin, he was born. March 
19, 1825, in Phillipston, "Worcester county. Massachusetts. His mother 
dying when he was very young, his father married again, and to the 
influence of the lovely, sweet-faced Christian woman who became his 
step-mother he ever gave credit for all that was good in his character. 
His reverence and love for her remained unbroken and helpful until 
her death, which came as a great grief and loss to him after his mar- 
riage, and the birth of his first child. 

Brought up in or near his birthplace, Daniel Hoard Baldwin worked 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 609 

as a lad for an uncle on a farm. A bright and cheery lad, full of life 
and spirits, his fondness for fun was rather a source of . amazement to' 
the stern and rugged New England farmer, who often called out, ' ' There 's 
that boy giggling again; what is he giggling at now?" The boy's strong 
and independent character, and his desire for greater advancement and 
advantages, lured him southward, and at the age of eighteen years he 
came to Savannah, Georgia, going into the home and office of another 
uncle, Mr. Loanii Baldwin, head of the mercantile firm of L. Baldwin & 
Company. As a clerk he steadily and faithfully performed the duties 
then devolving upon him in that capacity, opening the office in the early 
morning, and clearing it up, work which is now done by unskilled labor. 
Industrious and persevering, he developed much business ability, making 
steady progress along the path of attainments until becoming a member 
of the firm, which, by the death of Loami Baldwin, was changed to the 
style of Brigham, Kelly & Company. The subsequent death of Mr. Kelly 
caused another change in the name of the firm, which became Brigham, 
Baldwin & Company, a firm which, it is said, did the largest shipping 
business in Savannah up to the Civil war. 

During the war, Capt. Daniel H. Baldwin was in the commissary 
department, with which he was connected until 1865, when, in the spring 
of that year, he removed with his family to New York City. His former 
large business interests, and close touch with the people of Georgia, sug- 
gested to him the advisability of establishing a cotton commission busi- 
ness at a time when everything else was disorganized, and, availing him- 
self of the opportunity, he organized the New York firm of D. H. Bald- 
win & Company. 

The integrity and sterling honesty of Captain Baldwin was unques- 
tioned, as may be evidenced by the question of some business relation 
coming up to which he had "promised" his support. Someone being 
asked, "Has Baldwin signed the proposition?" the response from two 
prominent and wealthy business men was prompt and decisive — "No 
need for Baldwin to sign it if he said he would agree ; do not doubt him, 
his word is as good as his bond." 

About 1876 Captain Baldwin established, in Savannah, the firm of 
Baldwin & Company, cotton brokers. Prior to moving to New York his 
Savannah home was in the house now standing just east of Sullivan's 
grocery, on Congress street, between Bull and Whitaker, that having been 
his home from the time of his marriage up to the Civil war. The captain 
was a member of the Chamber of Commerce ; of the United States Lloyds ; 
and served several terms as a member of the board of managers of the 
Cotton Exchange. 

His large-hearted generosity and kindly sympathy were known by 
all his associates, but to many of whom the world had no knowledge he 
stood as a strong,, helpful adviser and friend, and by whom his memory 
will ever be cherished. In his domestic and family relations, Captain 
Baldwin was always a loving and ready helper, and, until the sudden 
death, by drowning, in 1880, of his youngest son and namesake, a blow 
from which he never recovered, his genial laugh and ready entrance into 
all gayety and fun were proverbial. 

On September 19, 1855, Capt. Daniel H. Baldwin married Kate 
Philbrick, eldest daughter of Mr. Samuel Philbrick, a well-known and 
highly esteemed merchant of Savannah. Not long after the loss of his 
son, Captain Baldwin, on account of failing health, retired from active 
business. He died in New York from a stroke of apoplexy, June 10, 
1887, leaving a widow and three children, namely : Mrs. Walter I. Mc- 
Coy, of New Jersey ; Mrs. A. L. Alexander, of Savannah ; and George J. 
Baldwin, of Savannah. 



610 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

George J. Baldwin was bora. August 18, 1856. in Savannah, in the 
family home on Congress street. He received superior educational ad- 
vantages, in the spring of 1877 completing a four years' special course 
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Boston. He was sub- 
sequently superintendent of iron and gold mines in Alabama and Georgia 
from July, 1877, until October, 1879, when he became a member of the 
firm of Baldwin & Company, of Savannah, Georgia, dealers in fertilizers, 
cotton and naval stores factors. Later he organized the Baldwin Fer- 
tilizer Company, of Savannah, becoming its president and general man- 
ager. In 1894 Mr. Baldwin retired from active business, but resumed 
again in 1898, becoming interested in electric railway and lighting plants, 
and is now president of the Savannah Electric Company, and of numer- 
ous other industrial and heavily capitalized corporations, including the 
following: The Gainesville Midland Railway, a steam railroad running 
out of Gainesville ; the Chestatee Pyrites Company, a Georgia mining 
corporation; and the Electric Railway and Lighting companies of Sa- 
vannah, Georgia; Jacksonville, Florida, and Tampa, Key West, and 
Pensacola, Florida. 

Mr. Baldwin is also a director in the Savannah Trust Company ; the 
Columbus Electric Company of Columbus, Georgia ; the National Bank 
of Savannah ; and of the Augusta & Savannah Railroad Company. He 
is a member of the Savannah Cotton Exchange, and of the Savannah 
Chamber of Commerce. 

In public, charitable and philanthropic movements Mr. Baldwin has 
long been active and influential. He is president of the Kate Baldwin 
Free Kindergarten, which was founded in 1900 by him and his mother, 
in whose honor it was named, and which has since been maintained by 
him free of any expense to the public. Mr. Baldwin is likewise president 
of the Associated Charities of Savannah ; a trustee of the Georgia in- 
firmary for colored people, and of the Chatham Academy. He is curator 
and vice-president of the Georgia Historical Society ; and was the first 
chairman of the board of managers of the Savannah public library, and 
for many years was a member of that board, and of the park and tree 
commissioners of Savannah. 

Among the many clubs and social organizations of which Mr. Baldwin 
is a prominent member mention may be made of the following ones in 
Savannah : The Oglethorpe, Cotillion, Golf and Automobile clubs, aud 
the Savannah Volunteer Guards and Georgia Hussars. He is likewise a 
member of the Young Men's Christian Associations of both Savannah 
and Boston, Massachusetts. Among the New York clubs to which Mr. 
Baldwin belongs are the Southern Society, the Recess, the Automobile 
Club of America, and the Reform Club. He likewise belongs to the Mus- 
cogee Club, of Columbus, Georgia; the Capital City Club, of Atlanta. 
Georgia ; the Lake Placid Club, of Lake Placid. New York ; and the High- 
land Lake and Flat Rock Country clubs, of Flat Rock, North Carolina. 
Mr. Baldwin is also a member of the National Geographic Society: the 
Sierra Club, of San Francisco: the American Academy of Political and 
Social Science; the American Forestry Association: the National Society 
for the Promotion of Industrial Education, and of various other 
organizations. 

Mr. Baldwin married. June 27. 1882. Lucy II. Hull, of Atlanta. 
Georgia, and they have two children, namely: George II.. horn in Sa- 
vannah, April 23, 188:?; and Dorothea C, born in this city, February 
22. 18S9. 

Mr. Loami Baldwin, Mr. Baldwin's great ancle, established himself 
in business in Savannah prior to his marriage, which was solemnized in 
182:?. ami since his coming here, nearly a hundred years ago. there has 
been a Baldwin continuously in business in Savannah. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 611 

John Jacob Rauers. Intimately identified with many of the more, 
important industrial corporations of Savannah, John Jacob Rauers is 
recognized as a man of pronounced ability and keen business insight, 
and as a member of the firm of Williamson & Rauers, steamship and 
forwarding agents, is connected with one of the leading concerns of the 
kind on the south Atlantic coast. A son of the late Jacob Rauers, he 
was born in Savannah, in 1877, of German and Scotch ancestry. 

A native of Bremen, Germany, Jacob Rauers immigrated to the 
United States as a young man, locating in Savannah in 1865. He was 
engaged in the cotton exporting trade for many years, but from 1881 
until his death, in 1904, lived retired from business pursuits. 

Jacob Rauers married, in Savannah, Joanna McDonald, who is still 
living. She was born in Scotland, and when a child came to this country 
to join her maternal uncle, James McHenry, who had previously es- 
tablished himself in business in Savannah, and was for many years one 
of the city's representative merchants, and a gentleman of the most ex- 
emplary character. 

Bred and educated in Savannah, John Jacob Rauers began his busi- 
ness career at an early age. In May, 1901, he became junior member of 
the well-known firm of Williamson & Rauers, which as steamship and 
forwarding agents is conducting a large and substantial business. Be- 
sides this active connection, Mr. Rauers is associated with a number of 
the prominent corporations of Savannah, being one of the directors of 
the Savannah Trust Company ; vice-president of the Savannah Hotel 
Company, owners of the De Soto Hotel ; vice-president of the Southern 
Fertilizer & Chemical Company ; a director of the Hydraulic Cotton 
Press Company ; a director of the Hull Vehicle Manufacturing Com- 
pany ; and a director of the Savannah Brewing Company. 

Since 1876 the Rauers family have been the owners of that historic 
spot, Saint Catherine's Island, off the coast of Georgia, where they main- 
tain a summer home. Mr. Rauers has in his possession the various grants 
and deeds connected with the island since the first grant issued by George 
III. An interesting account of the island is given in connection with 
the historical portion of this work. 

Mr. Rauers is a member of the Savannah Chamber of Commerce ; of 
the Savannah Board of Trade ; of the Cotton Exchange ; and belongs to 
the Oglethorpe Club. 

Mr. Rauers married, in Savannah, Marion Morrell Hammond, who 
was born in this city, a daughter of the late Capt. John L. Hammond, 
and into their home five children have made their advent, namely: 
Marion M., Jacob, Joanna McDonald, Katherine and Hammond. 

Einar Storm Trosdal. No nation has contributed to the complex 
composition of our American social fabric an element of more sterling 
worth or one of greater value in fostering and supporting our national 
institutions than has Norway. In truth, the nation owes much to the 
Norwegian stock and has honored and been honored by many noble 
men and women of this extraction. Savannah has no more virile and 
progressive young citizen than Einar Storm Trosdal, vice-president and 
general manager of the South Atlantic Steamship Line, who was born 
at Christiana, Norway, in 1877. 

Mr. Trosdal was reared and educated in Christiana, and in the 
excellent colleges of the capital city received the best of academic and 
business training. In the manner of so many of the fine flower of 
young European manhood, he answered the beckoning finger of Oppor- 
tunity from the shores of the New World and severed old associations 
to come in quest of American resources and advantages. In 1898 he 



612 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

arrived in Savannah and became indentified with the firm of S. P. 
Shotter & Company, extensive operators in naval stores, the predecessors 
of the present American Naval Stores Company, which Mr. Shotter 
organized. Ever since that time Mr. Trosdal has been prominently 
connected with naval stores and shipping interests, and although his 
home and his business headquarters have remained in Savannah, his 
business has taken him on many journeys to various parts of the world. 
He is now vice-president and general manager of the South Atlantic 
Steamship Line, which carries on an extensive shipping business, espe- 
cially in cotton and naval stores, to Europe and other ports, and he still 
retains his interest in the American Naval Stores Company, of which 
company he is a director. 

Since establishing his home in Savannah, Mr. Trosdal has entered 
in a public-spirited way into the various activities of the city. He is 
interested in the success of good government and in his daily affairs 
manifests a generous regard for his fellows and as a large-hearted, 
whole-souled, companionable gentleman, actuated by principles of 
honesty and integrity, merits and commands the respect and good-will of 
all those with whom he comes into contact. He is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, the Cotton Exchange, the Oglethorpe Club and 
other organizations. 

In the year 1904, Mr. Trosdal was married in this city to Miss 
Lucy Boyd, who was born in Savannah, the daughter of Dr. M. L. Boyd. 
They share their charming and well-directed home with two children, 
Einar Storm, Jr., and Beverly. 

Michael 'Byrne. The law firm of which Michael A. 'Byrne is 
the senior member has had a long and favorable career in Savannah. 
It was originally composed of himself and the late P. J. 'Connor, with 
the firm name of O'Connor & 'Byrne. In 1896, Mr. Walter C. Hart- 
ridge was admitted to the firm, which then became O'Connor, 'Byrne 
& Hartridge. Mr. O'Connor, who had for many years been one of the 
prominent lawyers of Savannah, died in November, 1909, and on Janu- 
ary 1, 1910, Mr. Anton P. Wright was admitted to the firm, the style 
of which was then changed to its present name — 'Byrne, Hartridge 
& Wright. It is one of the strongest law firms in Savannah and enjoys 
a large general practice, particularly in connection with real estate, 
corporation and commercial interests. 

As a member of this firm, Mr. 'Byrne has gained reputation and 
practice with each succeeding year. Those who have entrusted import- 
ant affairs to his management know how well and honorably he has 
guarded their interests. In all matters where the object is to safeguard 
the investment of capital, or where competent counsel is required in 
directing the organization and successful management of commercial 
and industrial enterprises in which weighty financial interests are in- 
volved, his services have been increasingly sought for. He has been 
especially successful in real estate and law and litigation affecting prop- 
erty interests, and his counsels are often required where such interests 
are involved. 

In addition to his law practice, Mr. 'Byrne has many other inter- 
ests that are of marked importance. He is the president of the Hiber- 
nia Bank, a successful financial institution of constantly growing pros- 
perity, with capital, surplus and undivided profits in excess of $350,000. 
He lias filled the position of president of this bank with such skill and 
prudence as to gain for it the highest confidence of the public. He is 
also the president and has charge of the finances of the John Flannery 
Company, the famous cotton house that was founded and for a long 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 613 

number of years controlled by the late Capt. John Flannery. He is 
first vice-president of the Commercial Life Insurance Company and a 
member of the executive committee of the board of directors of the 
Savannah Brewing Company. 

For about twenty years Mr. 'Byrne was actively connected with 
the First Regiment Infantry, National Guard of Georgia, during most 
of the time being a member of the Irish Jasper Greens, one of the com- 
panies of that regiment. Mr. 'Byrne became sergeant of his com- 
pany, and later was made quartermaster of the regiment. From this 
position he was later promoted to the rank of adjutant of the regiment. 

Mr. 'Byrne has creditably filled several public positions of trust. 
For twenty years he has been a member of the Savannah board of edu- 
cation and has given much time to the duties and responsibilities of that 
office. He is commodore of the Savannah Yacht Club, also president of 
the Savannah Base Ball Association. In various other ways he is closely 
associated with the business and social affairs of the city. He is a mem- 
ber of the Savannah Automobile Club, the Oglethorpe Club, Golf Club 
and Music Club, and is president of the Atlanta Club. 

Mr. O 'Byrne has long been known for his quiet but powerful influ- 
ence in local politics and in general civic affairs. In religious affilia- 
tion he is a Catholic and a member of the Cathedral parish in Savan- 
nah, and is chairman of its financial committee. Much credit is due 
to Mr. 'Byrne for his able assistance in the building of the beautiful 
cathedral of St. John the Baptist, one of the finest specimens of Gothic 
architecture in the United States. He was a member of the building 
committee, and was generous of his time and financial support during 
the erection of this noble edifice. He has similarly taken an active part 
in supporting various philanthropical and charitable organizations. He 
is a member of the Savannah Benevolent Association, member of the 
finance committee of the Associated Charities of Savannah, president 
of the Female Orphans Benevolent Society, vice-president of the St. 
Vincent de Paul Society, and is vice-president and trustee of St. Joseph's 
Male Orphanage, an institution of the diocese of Savannah, located at 
Washington, Wilkes county, Georgia. He has long been a prominent 
member of the Knights of Columbus. 

Mr. 'Byrne was born in Savannah in 1861, attended the public 
schools of this city and received his finishing education at St. Vincent 's 
University, near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, the leading college of the 
Benedictine order in America. He was graduated from St. Vincent's 
with the class of 1881. He then studied law in Savannah in the office 
of Jackson, Lawton & Basinger, this firm being composed of Gen. H. R. 
Jackson, Gen. A. R. Lawton and Maj. W. S. Basinger, all of them 
distinguished lawyers and leaders at the Savannah bar. Mr. 'Byrne 
was admitted to practice in 1883. His law business, which forms the 
main part of all his activities, has been very profitable, and has made 
him one of the most substantial citizens of Savannah, a position in life 
that he has reached through his own efforts and ability. 

Mr. 'Byrne has been twice married. His first wife was Miss Marie 
McDonough, a daughter of John J. McDonough, a prominent manu- 
facturer and one time mayor of Savannah. She is survived by three 
children, namely: Eleanor, James Raymond, and Charles 'Byrne. 
Mr. O 'Byrne's present wife, to whom he was married at her home in 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, was before her marriage, Miss Sara Lorene 
Wren, daughter of Peter W. Wren, a man of large affairs in Bridge- 
port and president of the Pequonnock National Bank of that city. Of 
this second union one child was born, Sara Wren O 'Byrne. 



614 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Cb milks Maxwell Gibbs. The gentleman, to a brief review of whose 
life and characteristics the reader's attention is herewith directed, is 
among the foremost business men of Savannah, and by his conservative 
methods has contributed in a material way to the industrial and com- 
mercial advancement of the city. He has in the course of an honorable 
career been successful in the business enterprises of which he is the 
head and is well deserving of mention in the biographical memoirs of 
Georgia. Charles Maxwell Gibbs belongs to line old southern stock, and 
was born August 16, 1861, in the most crucial period of our national 
history, the guns of the Civil war echoing about his cradle. His parents 
were Leonard Young and Rosa Matilda (Williams) Gibbs. The former 
was born January 23, 1831, and died in Savannah, September 6, 1898. 
He served the South in the war between the states and in the defense 
of Fort McAllister was captured by Sherman's army, which was then 
entering Savannah, and was severely wounded in that engagement. 

Mr. Gibbs' paternal ancestors were from Connecticut, and served in 
the War of the Revolution. 

His mother was born in Savannah, March 5, 1840, and died in this 
city October 2, 1877. She was the daughter of Thomas F. and Mary; 
Jane (Maxwell) Williams, the latter being a daughter of Col. William 
Maxwell, of Georgia, who was a member of the Provincial Congress of 
Georgia from 1775 to 1777. 

Mr. Gibbs was graduated from the Savannah high school and spent 
three years in the Virginia Military Institute, from which he was gradu- 
ated with the class of 1881. He early became engaged in his father's 
fertilizer business, with which as proprietor he is still identified. 

He is affiliated with Ancient Landmark Lodge of Masons in Savan- 
nah and exemplifies in his own living the ideals of moral and social 
justice and brotherly love for which the ancient and august order stands. 

Mr. Gibbs married in 1888 Miss Martha Louisa Rowland, a descend- 
ant of distinguished Georgia ancestry. She is a grand-daughter of 
Judge William B. Fleming, one of Georgia's noted jurists. They have 
one child, a daughter, Rosa Williams Gibbs. 

Charles P. Rowland. Among the representative men of Savannah 
is Charles P. Rowland, property owner and engaged extensively in real 
estate business. The family was founded here in 1843 by the subject's 
father and in the ensuing sixty years the name has been one of the 
honored ones of the city and identified in praiseworthy fashion with 
business and municipal life, the attitude of the Rowlands, father and 
son, to the city, being public-spirited and altruistic. 

Charles P. Rowland was born in Savannah on the 6th of June. 1877, 
the son of John C. and Mary (Gray) Rowland. The elder gentleman 
was born in Dutchess county, New York, May 20. 1827. He passed the 
days of his youth and his early manhood near Rochester. New York, 
and in 1843 came to Savannah to begin his business life. He embarked 
in a commercial career, becoming prominent as a cotton warehouseman 
and shipper. Notwithstanding his northern birth, he readily granted 
the justice o!' the southern contention for independence, and as early 
as January, 1861, enlisted in the Pulaski Guards, with which he served 
in garrison a1 Fort Pulaski. In August. 1861. he entered the regular 
Confederate service 1 as firsi sergeant of the Washington volunteers, under 
Capt. John McMahon, which became a company of the First Regiment 
of Georgia, commanded by Col. Charles II. Olmstead. In the following 
winter he was promoted to second lieutenant. Lieutenant Rowland was 
part of the gallant garrison of Fort Pulaski during its bombardment 
by the Federal Meet and batteries. April 10 and 11. 1S62. and which 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 615 

Colonel Olmstead was compelled to surrender after all the guns that 
could be brought to bear on the enemy had been dismounted and the 
walls of the fort were breached. Following this event Lieutenant Row- 
land was taken as a prisoner of war by way of Hilton Head and Gov- 
ernor's Island to Johnson's Island, Ohio, where he was held until the 
latter part of the summer of 1862. Then being exchanged he returned 
to Savannah and rejoined his regiment and was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant. With this rank he served in Battery Wagner on Morris Island, 
South Carolina, during the great bombardment and assault in July, 
1863, and in other operations around Charleston. In the spring of 
1864 the regiment joined the Army of Tennessee and Lieutenant Row- 
land, in command of his company (Company K, First Georgia Regi- 
ment), participated in the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, the battles 
around Atlanta, Jonesboro, and other engagements of Mercer's Brigade 
with Hood's Corps in Tennessee. At the last he was a participant in 
the campaign in the Carolinas and surrendered with the army at 
Greensboro, North Carolina. 

At the close of this worthy and honorable career as a Confederate 
soldier, John C. Rowland returned to his home in Savannah and re- 
engaged in business life of the city, in which he remained a potent fac- 
tor up to the time of his death. He retired from the cotton business in 
1880 and thereafter was engaged for the most part in real estate trans- 
actions, buying and selling his own property for investment, in which 
business he achieved substantial financial success, becoming ohe of the 
wealthy men of the city. He was one of the first directors and was 
vice-president of the Savannah Bank & Trust Company. He also served 
as alderman of the city of Savannah for one term. His death occurred 
on February 1, 1908. He held a place of highest esteem with the people 
of Savannah, for his usefulness as a citizen and business man and for 
his valiant service in the supreme struggle between the North and the 
South, as an upholder of the Confederacy. The subject's mother was 
born in Savannah and died in this city in 1906. She was the daughter 
of George S. Gray of this city. In addition to the immediate subject 
of this review, there was a son and a daughter, namely: Clifford G. 
and Helen C. 

Charles P. Rowland was reared in Savannah and in the city of his 
birth has spent his entire life with the exception of the period of his 
higher education. He had his first introduction to Minerva in the pub- 
lic schools of the city and after finishing their curriculum, he entered 
Bingham Military Institute at Asheville, North Carolina, where he spent 
four years, and subsequently entered the Georgia Institute of Technology 
at Atlanta. In partnership with his cousin, John T. Rowland, he be- 
came established in the real estate and insurance business in Savannah 
in 1898 and after the retirement of the former, became associated with 
his brother, C. G. Rowland, and their business is one of the most exten- 
sive and prosperous in the city. Like his father, Mr. Rowland has been 
especially successful in the purchase and sale of local real estate for 
his own investment and he is acknowledged to be one of the best judges 
of property values in the city. 

Mr. Rowland has always been interested in military affairs in 
Savannah, and for several years he was an active member of the Georgia 
Hussars, in which historic organization he rose to the rank of first 
lieutenant. He enlisted as a private in the Georgia Hussars on Febru- 
ary 28, 1898, and receiving various promotions, received the rank above 
named on October 9, 1905, serving in that capacity until his retirement 
October 14, 1909. On May 14, 1910, he was appointed on Governor 
Brown's staff as aide-de-camp with the rank of lieutenant colonel. He 



616 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

is a member of the Sons of the Revolution ; has taken the Scottish and 
York degrees in Masonry, and is also a Shriner. 

Mr. Rowland was married on the 10th day of July, 1909, the lady 
to become his wife being Miss Minnie Coney Greenlee, of Asheville, North 
Carolina. They are prominent in exclusive social circles and maintain 
one of the attractive and hospitable households of the city. 

Charles Grandy Bell. Ranking high among Savannah's active, 
energetic and progressive citizens, Charles Grandy Bell, of the firm of 
Butler, Stevens & Company, now of Butler, Stevens & Bell, cotton factors 
and commission merchants, is widely known as a man of honor and 
integrity, and as one whose word and ability can always be relied upon 
in matters of business. A native of Florida, he was born, in 1858, in 
Madison county, near Greenville, coming from Virginian ancestry. 

His father, Charles Grandy Bell, was born and reared in Virginia, 
being descended from the Norfolk family of that name. Locating in 
Florida in the forties, he was there a resident until his death, which 
occurred just prior to the outbreak of the Civil war, in which two of 
his uncles served, being soldiers in the Confederate army. He married 
Nancy Walker, who was born in Florida, where her parents settled on 
leaving South Carolina, their native state. 

Brought up in Jefferson county, Florida, Charles Grandy Bell 
acquired his preliminary education in the schools of that county, after 
which he completed a course of study at Eastman 's Business College, in 
Poughkeepsie, New York, being there graduated with the class of 
1879. Following his graduation, he spent a year and a half in New York 
City, being employed in one of the largest dry goods establishments 
of that place, that of Lord & Taylor. Coming from there to Savan- 
nah, Georgia, in 1881, Mr. Bell has since made this city his home. In 
1883 he became associated with the cotton industry of the South, in 
the year 1886 entering the employ of Butler & Stevens as bookkeeper 
and cashier. Displaying marked business acumen and judgment in that 
capacity, he was made a partner in the firm in 1891, whose members, 
Robert M. Butler, Henry D. Stevens, and Charles G. Bell, are of the 
highest standing in the commercial and financial world. This firm, 
which deals in cotton productions, is one of the largest and wealthiest 
firms of cotton factors and dealers in the South, its business being ex- 
tensive and lucrative. 

Prominently identified with many of the leading business organiza- 
tions of the city, Mr. Bell is vice-president of the Savannah Bank and 
Trust Company, and is one of the oldest members of the Sinking Fund 
Commission of Savannah, of which he was for a number of years the 
secretary. For two terms, ending in 1910, he was president Ox the 
Savannah Cotton Exchange, to which he still belongs. He is a member 
of the board of trustees of the Independent Presbyterian church, and 
is president of the Young Men's Christian Association. Socially he is 
a member of the Oglethorpe Club. 

Mr. Bell married, in Savannah, Miss Kate Maxey, who was born in 
Jacksonville, Florida, but came with her parents to Savannah in 1881. 
Four children have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Bell, namely: 
Anna, Kate, Charles Grandy. third, and Suzanne. 

Marcus Stephen Baker. One of the most conspicuous figures in the 
affairs of this section of the state is Marcus Stephen Baker, receiver of 
tax returns of Chatham county. He has held this responsible office 
since 1901 and is exceedingly popular and efficient. He was previously 
engaged in mercantile business and in general collecting and real estate. 




<^c 



-** 




SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 617 

Mr. Baker is a native Georgian, his birth having occurred at Hinesville, 
Liberty county, September 16, 1849. He is the son of Richard Fuller 
and Elizabeth G. (Dowsey) Baker. The father was born in Liberty 
county and died there in 1852, when Mr. Baker was an infant. Richard 
F. Baker was a son of Stephen Baker, also a life-long citizen of Liberty 
county. The former, at the age of eighteen, was orderly sergeant of 
Liberty Independent Troop, one of the oldest military organizations 
in Georgia. He was a planter by occupation. The Baker family, in 
truth, is one of the oldest in historic Liberty county, having been 
established there in 1752 by the subject's great-great-grandfather, Ben- 
jamin Baker, of Dorchester, South Carolina, who settled in Midway, 
Liberty county, in that year. The great-grandfather, John Baker, who 
died in 1792, was a member of the committee appointed by the conven- 
tion at Savannah, Georgia, July 20, 1774, to prepare resolutions 
expressive of the sentiments and determination of the people of the 
province in regard to the Boston Port Bill. He was also a member of 
the provincial congress of Georgia from 1775 to 1777 ; he was a member 
of the Georgia council of safety in 1776 ; he was colonel commanding 
a regiment of militia of Liberty county from 1775 to 1783 ; he was 
wounded in the skirmish at Bulltown Swamp November 19, 1778 ; he 
defeated Captain Goldsmith at White House, Georgia, June 28, 1779, 
and participated in the capture of Augusta, Georgia, in May and June, 
1781. He was lieutenant in the colonial wars. It will be seen that few 
citizens took a more active and useful part in the patriotic history of 
that stirring period. 

The subject's mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth G. Dowsey, 
removed to Savannah from Liberty county in 1854 and her demise 
occurred in this city in 1882. The children of this brave and admirable 
lady were reared in this city. One son, Richard F., is now a resident 
of the Forest city, and another, William E. Q. Baker, lives at Atlanta. 
Another brother, Robert Wilson Baker, was a Confederate soldier and 
was killed in the second day's fighting in the battle of Chickamauga. 
Another brother, M. M. Baker, served in the army of the Confederacy 
throughout the war and died December 23, 1909. 

It has been seen that the early childhood of Mr. Baker was passed 
in Savannah. In 1859, when a lad of ten years, he returned to Liberty 
county to attend school under the tutelage of Prof. Moses Way at 
Taylor's creek, Professor Way being a well-known educator of that day. 
Afterward Mr. Baker studied under the direction of Prof. S. D. 
Bradwell, at Hinesville. That gentleman was also prominent in the 
educational world and had served as school commissioner of Georgia. 
In the first year of the war the subject went to Walthourville to attend 
school, and in 1863 he returned to his home in Savannah and finished 
his education in the public schools. The Baker family have for many 
generations been advocates of good education and have given their sons 
the best advantages possible, and it was only through the unsettled 
conditions of the war that Mr. Baker's education was terminated when 
it was. In 1866 he went to work as clerk in a wholesale grocery house 
in Savannah and later became outside salesman for a local hardware 
firm. Still later he engaged successfully in the general collecting 
and real estate business. In 1900 he was elected to the office of receiver 
of the tax returns of Chatham county, and assumed the duties of this 
office on January 1, 1901. He has been elected at each successive 
biennial election and is now (1913) serving on his seventh consecutive 
term in this office, which he has filled with remarkable efficiency and to 
the entire satisfaction of the public. 

Mr. Baker holds the welfare of the city closely at heart and his 



618 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

influence and support are given to all beneficent measures. He is a 
member of Trinity Methodist church. He belongs to /the Sons of the 
American Revolution, to which the patriotic services of his forbears 
make him eligible. Their even earlier patriotic activities entitle him 
to membership in the Society of the Colonial Wars. He stands high in 
Masonry, belonging to Landrum Lodge, No. 48, F. & A. M. ; to Palestine 
Commandery, No. 7, Knights Templars; Alee Temple. A. A. 0. N. M. S., 
of Savannah ; Savannah Lodge, No. 183, B. P. O. Elks ; Calanthe Lodge, 
No. 28, Knights of Pythias. 

On the 5th day of January, 1874, Mr. Baker was married in 
Savannah, his chosen lady being Miss Fanny A. Krenson, a daughter 
of this city. Mrs. Baker's parents were Frederick and Sarah E. (Dean) 
Krenson, the latter descended from the Scotch family of MacDonalds, 
who were among the early settlers of Mcintosh county, Georgia. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Baker have been born three children. Louise Elizabeth 
is the wife of Capt, Henry Blun, ex-postmaster of Savannah, and 
president of the Germania Bank ; Laura Spencer is the wife of Irvin S. 
Cobb, formerly of Paducah, Kentucky, now of New York City, the 
famous feature writer and humorist for the New York Sun, New York 
World, Saturday Evening Post and various other publications ; the 
third child, Marcus Stephen Baker, Jr., is postmaster at Savannah 
and one of the city 's best known young citizens. 

The Bakers are loyal Georgians and are prominent in a praise- 
worthy manner in the many-sided life of the city, enjoying general 
confidence and respect in a community of whose best traits they are 
typical. 

Rupus E. Lester. Especially fortunate in the eminence and char- 
acter of her citizens, it may be truly said that Savannah has no more 
honored name enrolled upon her list of representative citizens than that 
of the late Rufus E. Lester, who won distinction as a lawyer, and as a 
congressman, a brilliant and distinguished record. He was born in 
Burke county, Georgia, December 12, 1837, and died in Washington, 
District of Columbia, June 16, 1906. 

Colonel Lester, as he was familiarly known, received his education 
principally in Mercer University, at Macon, Georgia, being there gradu- 
ated in the twentieth year of his age. Subsequently studying law in 
Savannah, he was admitted to the bar in 1858, and in 1859 began the 
practice of his profession in that city, which continued to be his home 
as long as he lived. 

Enlisting in the Confederate army in the spring of 1861, he remained 
in service throughout the war, going from Savannah to the front as 
an adjutant in the Twenty-fifth Georgia Regiment, which was first en- 
camped in the vicinity of Savannah, near Tybee and Avondale. Going 
with his command from there to Mississippi, the colonel took part in 
the campaign of that state, afterwards meeting the enemy at the battle 
of Chiekamauga, where he had two horses shot from under him. and was 
himself slightly wounded. Following this engagement, he was very ill 
for eighteen months, and remained in such poor health that he was 
assigned to the duty of inspector general under General Mackal, at 
Macon, Georgia, where he was stationed when the war closed. He had 
attained the rank of captain while in service, but after the war was 
always known as Colonel Lester. The colonel made a splendid record 
as a soldier, and in the book which he published (Jen. X. B. Forrest 
commended Colonel Lester for extraordinary bravery and gallantry. 

Resuming the practice of his profession in Savannah alter the close 
of the conflict, Colonel Lester became active in public affairs, and in 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 619 

1870 was elected to the state senate, representing the first senatorial dis- , 
trict. Through successive re-elections, he continued a member of that 
body until 1879, during the last three years of that time serving as its 
president. From 1883 until 1888 he rendered excellent service as mayor 
of Savannah. In 1888 he had the honor of being elected to congress as 
a representative from the first congressional district of Georgia, which 
comprised ten counties, namely : Burke, Bulloch, Bryan, Chatham, 
Emanuel, Effingham, Liberty, Mcintosh, Screven, and Tattnall. His 
services as congressman gave such general satisfaction that he was con- 
tinuously re-elected every succeeding two years up to and including 
1906, the year of his death. 

Colonel Lester won a splendid record as congressman, and rendered 
services of great usefulness to his district in particular, and to the 
entire country in general. Honored by an appointment during his first 
year in congress upon the important rivers and harbors committee, he 
remained a member of that committee during his entire period of ser- 
vice, that comprising his most prominent and valued work. It was 
through the efforts of the colonel that Savannah received its continuous 
appropriation for harbor improvements, and this has proved the lead- 
ing factor in the modern growth and development of the city. He also 
obtained the appropriation for the beautiful marble Federal building 
in which Savannah's postoffice is housed, and was likewise instrumental 
m having the Marine Hospital erected in Savannah, and in having the 
revenue cutter "Yamacraw" assigned for permanent duty in Savan- 
nah harbor. 

Greatly beloved by his home people throughout his district, Colonel 
Lester was also held in the highest esteem and affection by the leading 
representatives of every section of the Union in the national congress. 
He was of large influence in that august body, and in the social and 
political affairs of Washington achieved, early in his career, a place of 
the highest rank. In the special proceedings in the house and senate 
on June 18, 1906, held in commemoration of Colonel Lester, memorial 
addresses were delivered by more than a score of the most prominent 
congressmen and senators, all eulogizing him in the most glowing terms. 
"Within the limits of this sketch it would be difficult to condense those 
fine addresses, and, indeed, it mayhap will be more appropriate to here 
cpaote some excerpts from a tribute paid him by one of his ewn intimate 
friends and fellow citizens, Judge Samuel B. Adams, of Savannah, who 
said in part : 

"Rufus E. Lester was admitted to the bar of Savannah when twenty- 
one years of age, and remained a member until his death. His pro- 
fessional career was interrupted by the war between the states, in which 
he was a Confederate soldier of gallantry and devotion from the begin- 
ning to the end of the struggle. He resumed his practice after the 
cessation of hostilities, and at once took a front rank at the bar which 
had more than its share of able and successful practitioners. Not- 
withstanding the fact he was often called into public service, he was 
always a lawyer, loving his profession and preferring its duties to those 
of office. 

"I was a member of the bar with Colonel Lester for more than 
thirty years and had abundant opportunity of learning his power as 
a lawyer at our bar, and certainly no other lawyer lost fewer cases. He 
had a legal mind, one that saw quickly the strong points of his case, 
separated without delay the Aveak points, and pressed home those most 
worthy of consideration. Before a jury, if, under the charge, it was 
at liberty to find with him, he was almost invincible. He knew the men, 
knew how to talk with them, possessed their confidence, which he never 



620 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

abused, and, generally, secured their verdict. He was also strong before 
judges in purely legal arguments. When Mr. Lester urged a conten- 
tion, judges knew he did it sincerely, and his ability and standing 
secured for its consideration an attentive and respectful hearing. I 
have often heard him make legal arguments of a high order of merit. 

"'He always practiced and illustrated the best ethics of an honorable 
profession, scorning always the arts and tricks of the shyster and petti- 
fogger. While he struck hard blows in the courtroom and was a 
'foeman worthy of any man's steel,' his blows were fair, never un- 
worthy or unprofessional. His brethren of the bar trusted him abso- 
lutely without fear or misgivings, and rested securely upon any agree- 
ment that he would make, whether binding under the rules of the court 
or not. I knew him well, was honored with his friendship, and my 
deliberate conviction is that I never met a more honorable or trust- 
worthy lawyer, or man, and a comparatively few who equaled him in 
his absolute sincerity, frankness and manliness. 

"Mr. Lester was elected mayor of Savannah for three successive 
terms, and brought to the discharge of his duties the same efficiency 
and fidelity which distinguished him in all the relations of life. He was 
emphatically the mayor. His influence on his board was potential. 
This was due to his positive and virile character and the complete con- 
fidence reposed in his judgment and sincerity. He possessed to an 
extraordinary extent the elements of leadership, and these elements were 
manifest in the administration of the municipal government. 

' ' An incident in his career as mayor illustrates the man and the officer. 
Some negroes were incarcerated charged with the murder for robbery 
of a family of white people living on the outskirts of the city. Feeling 
ran high. There was talk of lynching, and we were threatened with 
this unspeakable disgrace. A crowd gathered at the jail for the pur- 
pose of lynching. Mr. Lester was notified. He went to the jail imme- 
diately, personally took charge of the police present, mounted the 
steps, pointed out to the crowd the 'dead line' in front of the steps, 
and warned them that if a single member of the mob crossed that line 
he would order the police to shoot, and to shoot to kill. The crowd knew 
that he meant what he said, was utterly fearless, and would die before 
he would permit a lynching. The crowd quietly dispersing, it was not 
necessary to' injure anyone, and Savannah's record remained unstained 
by that crime." 

Perhaps Colonel Lester's most notable characteristic was his over- 
flowing kindness and charity toward every human being, however poor 
or humble, with whom he came in contact. It was this trait that rounded 
out a beautiful character. He frequently did acts of thoughtful kind- 
ness, and did them so unobtrusively that they were never known to 
others, not even by his own family. It seemed perfectly natural for 
him to be a good and true man. 

Colonel Lester married, in 1859, in Savannah, Miss Laura E. Hines, 
who was born in Burke county, which was likewise the birthplace of her 
father, James J. Hines, who was for many years a prominent business 
man of Savannah, where she was reared and educated. Mrs. Lester's 
mother, whose maiden name was Georgia Bird, was born in Liberty 
county, Georgia. 

Charles C. Lebey. Well and favorably known in connection with 
the cotton trade of Savannah, where he has charge of the local cotton 
of the Seaboard Air Line. Charles 0. Lebey counts among his ancestors 
some of the more noteworthy families of the South. He was born in 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 621 

Savannah, in 1868, this city having also been the birthplace of his father,, 
David Christian Lebey, and of his grandfather, Christian David Lebey. 

Andrew Lebey, the great-grandfather of Charles C. Lebey, was one 
of six brothers, natives of France, who came with Count d Estaing's 
fleet from that country to assist the Continental army in its efforts to 
take Savannah from the British, whose forces had occupied the city 
almost from the beginning of the Revolution, the fleet making its appear- 
ance off the coast of Georgia in September, 1779. The Continentals, 
aided by Count d 'Estaing's men, made an heroic and determined, but 
unsuccessful, assault on the British at Springfield Redoubt, on the west- 
ern edge of Savannah. In the conflict that ensued, five of the Lebey 
brothers, Jerome, Louis, Philip, Augustine and John, were killed, while 
Andrew, the only surviving brother, was himself badly crippled. Re- 
maining in this country after the war was over, Andrew Lebey settled 
on a farm in Ebenezer, Georgia, but afterwards returned to Savannah, 
where he spent the later years of his life. He married a widow, Mrs. 
Mary (Hines) Anderson. 

Although born in Savannah, Christian David Lebey was educated 
in Connecticut, and subsequently established an extensive jewelry busi- 
ness in Savannah, where the greater part of his life was spent. 

David Christian was a life-long resident of Savannah. He married 
Rosina I. Courtenay, who was likewise born in Savannah, being a daugh- 
ter of Edward T. and Rosina (Bland) Courtenay, and a granddaughter on 
the maternal side of Richard Bland, who was of English lineage. On the 
paternal side she was a direct descendant of Carlisle Courtenay, the 
Earl of Devon, who was of French ancestry. The earl's sons removed 
to Ireland, and from that country John Courtenay, a member of that 
family, and the great-grandfather of Mr. Lebey, came to Savannah long 
before the Revolution, being accompanied on the voyage across the At- 
lantic by his brother, Charles, who settled at Charleston, South Carolina, 
and there became founder of the present prominent Courtenay family 
of that city. Edward T. Courtenay was for many years one of the lead- 
ing cotton merchants of Savannah. 

Charles C. Lebey was brought up and educated in Savannah, and 
now has charge of the local cotton of the Seaboard Air Line. For sev- 
eral years past Mr. Lebey has made his home at the suburban town of 
Pooler, in Chatham county, of which he is now serving his fourth term 
as mayor, having been re-elected to this position three successive times. 
Fraternally he is a member, and worshipful master, of Turner Lodge. 
No. 16, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, of Pooler; also a 
Scottish Rite and York Rite Mason and a member of the P. 0. S. of A., 
the J. 0. A. U., the K. of P. and -the Redmen. 

Mr. Lebey 's wife, who prior to her marriage was Miss Mamie E. 
Amdreau, was born in Tampa, Florida. 

William Virginius Davis, vice-president and manager of the Sa- 
vannah Trust Company, prominent banker, and well known for prac- 
tically all his life in Savannah, is one of the foremost figures in the 
business life of this city. He was born in Jacksonville, Florida, on 
June 14, 1871, and is the son of Thomas J. and Frances V. (Price) 
Davis. The father was born in Portsmouth, Virginia, and the mother 
in Wilmington, North Carolina. She died in 1896. For many years 
Thomas Davis was a grain merchant in Savannah, and he is still living 
in this city, but is retired from active business life. 

Although born in Jacksonville, William V. Davis is practically a 
Savannahian, as his parents removed to the Georgia city when he was 
an infant, and he was reared and educated here, attending the public 



ij-22 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

schools and Chatham Academy. In 1889, when he was eighteen years 
old, he went to Texas, locating at Palestine, where he .became stenog- 
rapher and secretary to Hon. Thomas M. Campbell, one of the promi- 
nent lawyers of that state, who was then the receiver and later the 
general manager of the International & Great Northern Railroad, and 
who was governor of Texas from L906 to 1910. He was connected with 
Mr. Campbell's office for nearly four years and was then made ticket 
agent at Palestine for the I. & G. N. R. R., of which his uncle, U. J. 
Price, is general passenger agent. Mr. Davis remained in that posi- 
tion for one year, remaining at Palestine five years in all. In 1894 he 
returned to Savannah and since that time he has been continually as- 
sociated with business interests headed by Capt. W. W. Maekall, a 
sketch of whose life appears elsewhere in this volume. Mr. Davis first 
entered Captain Mackall's law office as a clerical assistant, and studying 
law in the meantime, but has never practiced that profession. He be- 
came secretary of the various railroad and industrial corpoi'ations of 
which Mr. Maekall was the chief, prominent among which was the 
Georgia Construction Company, which built the Seaboard Air Line ter- 
minals in Hutchinson Island. 

On October 1, 1902, the Savannah Trust Company, of which Mr. 
Maekall is president, began business, and Mr. Davis was made its sec- 
retary. He has been connected with this bank ever since that time. 
Upon the retirement of John Morris as treasurer of the company, Mr. 
Davis assumed the duties of that position in addition to the secretary- 
ship. On January 22, 1907, Mr. Davis was elected to his present posi- 
tion of vice-president, and, as such, is the managing official of the 
company. 

Pew financial institutions in the South have been attended by such 
substantial growth and prosperity in so short a time as has the Savan- 
nah Trust Company. Under its charter it carries on both general bank- 
ing and trust company business, besides a real estate department that 
is especially flourishing and successful. The capital stock is $500,000, 
with surplus and undivided profits of nearly $300,000. The manage- 
ment of the bank is conservative, efficient and economical, and it has 
returned most satisfactory 1 dividends to its stockholders. 

While living at Palestine, Mr. Davis was married to Miss Elizabeth 
Wyche Hunter. She died in that city. One daughter was born of this 
union, — Miss Wyche Hunter Davis, now at Orange, New Jersey, in 
Miss Beard's school. Subsequently Mr. Davis was married to Miss 
Winnifred Wright Bonney, of Norfolk, Virginia, and they have three- 
children, — Thomas J. ; William V., Jr. ; and Frederick B. 

Mr. Davis is a member of Westminster Presbyterian church, and 
is associated in a fraternal way with the Masonic order, being a mem- 
ber of Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 231, A. F. & A. M., the Georgia 
Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, Palestine Commandery Knights Templar 
and is a Shriner. He is also a member of the Offlethorpe Club, the 
Yacht Club, the Guards Club and the Golf Club. 

David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr. The name borne by David Cren- 
shaw Barrow, Jr., is a conspicuous one in the history of the state of 
Georgia. As educators, statesmen and members of the learned profes- 
sions, several of the family have won distinction and high honors. He 
himself has not fallen behind the standard se1 him by his ancestors, and 
is one of the most prominent and successful members of the bar of 
Savannah. Gifted with a logical mind, he has had the best of training 
for his profession, and his success has been fully merited by his close 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 623 

application to his work and the careful preparation which he gives to 
each case. 

David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr., is the son of Middleton Pope and 
Sarah Church (Craig) Barrow, both of whom are deceased. The Hon- 
orable Middleton Pope Barrow was born in Oglethorpe county, Georgia, 
on the 1st of August, 1839. He was educated at the University of 
Georgia, from which he received the degree of A. B. in 1859, and the 
degree of LL. B., in 1860. He was admitted to the bar in 1860, and 
began to practice law in Athens, Georgia. With the outbreak of the 
war, he enlisted in the Confederate army and served throughout the 
war between the states, as captain of artillery and as aid-de-camp, on 
the staff of Major General Howard Cobb. After the war he resumed 
the practice of his profession in Athens, and in 1877 was elected a 
member of the constitutional convention. During the session of 1880-81, 
he was a member of the Georgia legislature, and was elected to the 
United States senate from Georgia to fill a vacancy caused by the death 
of Hon. Benjamin Hill, and served from November 15, 1882, to the 3rd 
of March, 1883. 

After the death of his first wife, Sarah Church (Craig) Barrow, 
Judge Barrow married Cornelia Augusta Jackson, daughter of the late 
Gen. Henry R. Jackson, of Savannah. There are five children 
living from his first marriage, namely, Middleton Pope Barrow, Eliza- 
beth Church Barrow, James Barrow, David Crenshaw Barrow, and Dr. 
Craig Barrow. His second wife, who is now deceased, became the 
mother of six children, as follows: Florence Barclay, Davenport, Cor- 
nelia, Lucy Lumpkin, who is the wife of Francis P. Mclntire ; Patience 
Crenshaw Barrow and Sarah Pope Barrow. Only the last three named 
are living. 

In 1893, Judge Barrow moved from Athens to Savannah, which city 
was his home during the remainder of his life. In 1900, he became judge 
of the superior court, of the eastern judicial circuit, and remained in 
this office until his death, which occurred on the 23rd of December, 
1903. Judge Barrow was vice-president of the Georgia Historical So- 
ciety, and held various honorary positions in other organizations. For 
many years he was one of the prominent figures in the political, busi- 
ness, and social life of the state of Georgia. 

Dr. David Crenshaw Barrow II.. a brother of Pope Barrow, a 
distinguished educator, has been for several years chancellor of the 
University of Georgia. The father of these two brothers was David 
Crenshaw Barrow I., a cotton planter of wealth and large affairs, who 
spent practically all of his life at his home in Athens and on his plan- 
tations in Oglethorpe county. He married Miss Lucy Pope, of Ogle- 
thorpe county, Georgia, the only child of Middleton Pope of that county, 
a direct descendant of the famous Nathaniel Pope of colonial Virginia. 
David Crenshaw Barrow I., who was born and lived in Baldwin county, 
after his marriage located in Oglethorpe county, but he owned planta- 
tions in both counties. He was the son of James Barrow, a native of 
Virginia, who entered the Continental army in North Carolina in 1776 
and served in various capacities throughout the Revolutionary war. 
He was one of that brave little army, who under General Washington, 
watched through the long winter amid the cold and hardships of the 
camp at Valley Forge. He was sent under orders from General Lee 
to Savannah, and thereafter was in service in Georgia, South Carolina, 
North Carolina, Pennsylvania and New York, and was in the battles 
of Brandy wine and Germantown. His last service in the war was in 
the North Carolina militia, and about 1800 he settled in Baldwin county, 
Georgia. His wife was Precious Patience Crenshaw, of Virginia. 



624 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEOKGIA 

Sarah Church (Craig) Barrow, the mother of David Crenshaw Bar- 
row III., was the (laughter of Col. Lewis Stevenson, Craig, of Vir- 
ginia, an officer of the United States army, who during the Mexican 
war, in which he was engaged, was promoted, for gallantry from captain 
to lieutenant colonel. After the Mexican war he was placed in com- 
mand of a department in California, and here he met his death at the 
hands of deserters. His wife was Elizabeth Church, the daughter of 
Alonzo Church, president of the University of Georgia, from 1829 to 
1859. 

David Crenshaw Barrow III., the subject of this sketch, was horn on 
the Barrow plantation in Oglethorpe county, and grew to manhood in 
Athens, Georgia. He was graduated from the University of Georgia in 
1894. After studying law for a time in the office of his father in Sa- 
vannah he supplemented this preparation by a short course in the law 
department of the University of Virginia. He was admitted to the 
bar in Savannah in 1896 and commenced the practice of law in that 
year. From that time to the present his professional work has con- 
tinued with uninterrupted success and he is now a lawyer of high 
standing at the Savannah bar. 

For several years Mr. Barrow was an active member of the mili- 
tary organizations in Savannah. He enlisted for the Spanish-American 
war as a private in the Savannah Volunteer Guards, and served at 
Tampa, Florida, with the Second Georgia Regiment, Receiving hon- 
orable discharge from that organization, he accepted a second lieu- 
tenancy in what was known as Ray's Immunes, officially the Third 
United States Infantry. He went to Cuba with this regiment and 
served seven months in Santiago province, being adjutant of his regi- 
ment at the time of his resignation in January, 1899. Upon his return 
to Savannah he joined the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, one of the com- 
panies of the First Regiment of Infantry, National Guard of Georgia. He 
became captain of this company, from which rank he was promoted 
to major of the regiment. He was subsequently made lieutenant colonel 
and served in that capacity until he resigned from the regiment. 

In 1906, Colonel Barrow was elected a member of the Georgia 
state legislature, as a representative from Chatham county, and served 
in the sessions of 1907 and 1908. In the session of 1907, he was one of 
those who fought the passage of the prohibition bill, and was one of the 
leaders of the famous filibuster against the passage of that bill. In the 
session of 1908 he was one of the active forces behind the legislation 
that abolished the convict lease system in the state of Georgia, He 
was assistant city attorney of Savannah for the year 1911-12. Fra- 
ternally, Mr. Barrow is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and of the Knights 
of Pythias. 

Mr. Barrow was married in Savannah, on the 10th of December, 
1907, to Miss Emma Middleton Huger, a daughter of Joseph A. and 
Mary Elliott Huger. Mr. and Mrs. Barrow have two children, a son, 
Middleton Pope Barrow, and a daughter, Mary Elliott Barrow. 

Raphael Thomas Semmes, president of Semmes Hardware Com- 
pany, one of the representative wholesale concerns of Savannah, was 
born at Canton, Madison county, Mississippi, on the 27th of July, 1857. 
His father, Dr. Alphonso Thomas Semmes, was born at Washington, 
Wilkes county, Georgia, on the 28th of April, 1830; and his mother, 
Mary Sabina (Semmes) Semmes, was born at Georgetown, now a part 
of the city of Washington, District of Columbia, on the 6th of December, 
1832. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 625 

Dr. Semmes was a son of Thomas Serames, Jr., and his first wife, 
Harriet Shepherd (Bealle) Semmes, the latter being a native of Colum- 
bia county, Georgia, and a descendent of early settlers from Charles 
county, Maryland, whence her grandparents removed to Georgia. Thomas 
Semmes, Jr., was born in Wilkes county, Georgia, on the 19th of January, 
1802, and was married on the 27th of January, 1829. He removed to 
Mississippi in 1852, and died at Canton, in May of 1862. He was the 
only child of Roger and Jane (Sanders) Semmes, who removed from 
Charles county, Maryland, to Wilkes county, Georgia. The former was 
born in Charles county, Maryland, in December, 1779, and removed to 
Wilkes county, Georgia, in 1800 or 1801, where he died in September, 
1804. He was a son of Thomas Semmes, Sr., born 1753, who married 
a widow, Mrs. Mary Ann (Ratcliffe) Brawner, their marriage occurring 
in February, 1779, in Charles county, Maryland. In 1800, he removed 
to Wilkes county, Georgia, where he died on the 24th of June, 1824. 
He was a lieutenant in the Maryland line of troops in the war of the 
Revolution. (See Maryland archives.) He was a son of James Semmes II 
and Mary Simpson, his last wife, who was a daughter of Andrew and 
Elizabeth (Green) Simpson. Elizabeth Green Simpson was the daugh- 
ter of Robert Green, and a granddaughter of Thomas Green, the first 
proprietary governor of the province of Maryland. James Semmes II 
was a son of James I and Mary (Goodrick) Semmes of Charles county, 
Maryland. James Semmes I was a son of Marmaduke Semmes of St. 
Mary's county, Maryland, and his mother, Fortune Semmes, was the 
widow of Bulmer Mitford (afterwards spelled Medford), who immi- 
grated to Maryland in 1664. Her first husband died in 1666, and in July, 
1668, she married Marmaduke Semmes, who in 1662 had been sworn 
in as doorkeeper of the upper house of the province of Maryland. (See 
Maryland archives.) 

Mary Sabina Semmes, nee Semmes, mother of the subject of this 
sketch, was the seventh child of Raphael and Mary Matilda (Jenkins) 
Semmes of Georgetown, District of Columbia. The former was an 
uncle of Admiral Raphael Semmes of the Confederate navy, whom he 
adopted in childhood. Raphael Semmes, Sr., was born in Charles county, 
Maryland, on the 21st of August, 1786, and died on the 12th of October, 
1846, at Georgetown, District of Columbia. He was a son of Joseph 
and Henrietta (Thompson) Semmes of Charles county, the former of 
whom served in the war of the Revolution (see Maryland archives), 
and the latter was a daughter of Richard Thompson of Charles county, 
the great-great-grandson of William Thompson, who settled in Mary- 
land, in 1646. Joseph Semmes was born in 1754, in Charles county, 
and was a brother of Thomas Semmes, Sr., who became a resident of 
Georgia. They were sons of James Semmes II, and hence Joseph 
also was descended Prom Marmaduke Semmes I, and from Gov. 
Thomas Green, previously mentioned. Two other sons of James Semmes 
II, served in the Revolution, and both were killed in the battles of 
Long Island. One of these was Andrew Green Semmes, I, uncle of 
Andrew Green Semmes II, of Wilkes county, Georgia, who was the 
father of General Paul J. Semmes, a distinguished Confederate officer 
in the war between the states. 

Mary Matilda (Jenkins) Semmes, the maternal grandmother of 
the subject of this review, was born on the 28th of December, 1800, in 
Charles county, Maryland, a daughter of Capt. Thomas Jenkins, of 
Revolutionary fame, and his wife, Mary (Neale) Corry, widow of 
Benjamin Leslie Corry, and daughter of Richard Neale, who was a 
great grandson of the famous Capt. James Neale, who was an early 
settler in Maryland and later was sent on an important mission to 
Spain in the interest of King Charles I of England, and who was still 



626 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

later one of those who stood on the scaffold with this unfortunate king 
when he was beheaded. He was a descendant of Hugh O'Neil, king of 
Ulster. 

A notable member of the Semmes family, who once lived in Savannah, 
was Dr. Alexander Ignatius Semmes, a brother of Mary Sabina Semmes 
(mother of Raphael Thomas Semmes). Dr. Semmes was born in George- 
town, District of Columbia, was educated for the medical profession, 
both in America arid in Europe, and practiced while living in Savannah. 
He married Miss Sallie Berrien, a daughter of the Hon. John McPherson 
Berrien of Savannah. She died without children, and after her death 
Dr. Semmes gave up the practice of medicine and became, a Catholic 
priest and educator. He was professor of English literature in Pio 
Nono College, an institution for the education of priests, at Macon, 
Georgia. On account of ill health he later went to New Orleans to 
reside with his brother, Hon. Thomas J. Semmes, and died in that city. 
His reputation as a brilliant scholar is well known. 

Andrew Green Simpson Semmes, a brother of Roger Semmes. the 
great-grandfather of Raphael Thomas Semmes, while never a resident 
of Savannah, had large business interests in the city. He was born in 
Charles County, Maryland, and came in 1800 to Wilkes county, Georgia, 
where he became in time, a wealthy man. He had large cotton and 
banking interests in Savannah, consequently was often in the city on 
short trips. 

Dr. Alphonso T. Semmes, father of him to whom this sketch is 
dedicated, was an able physician, and during the war he served in the 
Confederacy for a time as a surgeon in the army, but for the greater 
portion of the time was in the hospital service. Thomas Semmes, Jr., 
of Georgia and later of Mississippi, grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, crippled from paralysis and unable to fight for his country, 
equipped at his own expense a company, the Semmes Rifles. This com- 
pany, raised in Canton, Mississippi, rendered valiant service in the 
ranks of the Confederacy. 

Raphael Thomas Semmes secured his earlier educational training 
in the private schools in Canton, Mississippi, and supplemented this by 
the careful discipline and training of the Christian Brothers' College, 
in Memphis, Tennessee. Mr. Semmes had been in the Christian Brothers' 
College, barely a school year, not having reached the age of fifteen, when 
he left that institution in order to go to work ; taking this step out of 
consideration for his father, who had suffered severe financial reverses 
through ill-advised investments in a cotton mill at Canton. In January, 
1873, therefore, he became a clerk in a hardware store at Canton, and 
on the 9th of December, 1879, he located in Atlanta, Georgia, where he 
became a clerk in the hardware store of Tommey, Gregg & Beck. Two 
or three years later, when the firm was merged into a stock company, 
under the title of the Beck & Gregg Hardware Company. Mr. Semmes 
became a minority stockholder, and in 1891, when the concern increased 
its capital stock, he considerably increased his holdings. In January. 
1896, he resigned his association with this company, having formed a 
business connection in Savannah, where he took up his residence in 
March of that year. In 1898, he individually established himself in 
the wholesale hardware business in Savannah, being the sole owner of 
the enterprise, but adopting the firm name of R. T. Semmes & Com- 
pany. In 1901, he organized the Semmes Hardware Company, for the 
purpose of broadening and facilitating his business, and he has been 
president of the company since that time. This concern now takes 
rank among the leading enterprises of the kind in the southern states. 
and substantial growth and expansion of the same being due to the 
able and honorable methods and the energy and discrimination shown by 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 627 

Mr. Semmes in its management. He is also a director of the Citizens 
and Southern Bank. 

In politics, he is a staunch Democrat, and he and his wife are com- 
municants of the Roman Catholic church, with which his ancestors 
have been always identified. He is a member of the Maryland His- 
torical Society, the Virginia Historical Society, the Catholic Record 
Society of London, England, and of the Savannah Yacht Club. He is 
one of the founders of the "Society of The Ark and The Dove," whose 
membership is composed of descendants of those who with Lord Balti- 
more's original colony, sailed from England in 1633 in the Ark and the 
Dove and landed in Maryland, March 25, 1634. He was married on 
the 30th of April, 1891, to Miss Kate Flannery, daughter of Capt. John 
and Mary Ellen (Norton) Flannery, of Savannah, Georgia. 

Olin T. McIntosh. One of the most prominent and popular of the 
younger citizens of Savannah, Olin T. Mcintosh, is a firm believer in the 
city and its prospects, and is never so happy as when working for its 
betterment, or saying a good word for it and its people. As president 
of the Southern States Naval Stores Company, he is intimately asso- 
ciated with the advancement of one of the important industries of this 
section of the state. A son of William Swinton and Ida S. (Talley) 
Mcintosh, he was born, in 1881, in Mcintosh county, Georgia, which was 
named in honor of one of his ancestors. 

He is a lineal descendant in the sixth generation of John Mohr 
Mcintosh, the immigrant ancestor, the line of descent being thus given : 
John Mohr, 1 William, 2 John, 3 John Nash, 4 William Swinton, 5 and 
Olin T. G 

John Mohr 1 Mcintosh, a native of Scotland, immigrated to this 
country in colonial days, settling in what is now Mcintosh county, 
Georgia. Two of his sons, Gen. Lachlan Mcintosh and Col. William 
Mcintosh, served in the Revolutionary war, being officers in the Con- 
tinental army. Col. William 2 Mcintosh married Mary Mackay. Their 
son,- John 3 Mcintosh, who was a lieutenant colonel in the War of 1812, 
married Sarah Swinton. John Nash 4 Mcintosh, major in United States 
army, who spent Ids entire life in Mcintosh county, married Sallie 
Rokenbaugh. William Swinton 5 Mcintosh, was a life-long resident of 
Mcintosh county, his death occurring there in 1903. 

Brought up and educated in Mcintosh county, Olin T. c Mcintosh 
has been connected with the naval stores industry since his early life, 
now being president of the Southern States Naval Stores Company, one 
of the prominent firms of naval stores factors in Savannah, the center 
of this immense industry. He has here been located in this business 
since 1896, and in the promotion of the business interests and prosperity 
of the city has been an active factor, in a public-spirited way being asso- 
ciated with the younger element that is doing great things for the 
growth and development of Savannah. For a number of years Mr. 
Mcintosh was an active member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, 
serving as lieutenant of Company A, of that famous organization. 
Fraternally, Mr. Mcintosh is a member of the Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Order of Masons the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
Sons of the Revolution and St. Andrew's Society. 

Mr. Mcintosh married Miss Janie Lawton, daughter of Asbury 
Lawton, of Lawtonville, who was born in South Carolina. Unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Mcintosh two children have been born : Annie L., and 
Olin T., Jr. 

Benjamin H. Levy, leading merchant and public-spirited citizen, 
occupies the prominent place he does today in Savannah's business and 
social activities because years ago he came here and laid well the foun- 
dation for an honorable career; that the passing decades have witnessed 



628 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

dation for an honorable career ; that the passing decades have witnessed 
his prosperity is due to his own keen insight into human nature and to 
his sterling qualities as an upright business man. 

Benjamin H. Levy was born in Alsace-Loraine (then part of France), 
and came from his native land when a youth, to Savannah, Georgia. For 
a short time he clerked in the store of Julius Polinski, on Bryan street, 
before he made a business venture of his own. In 1871 he started out 
for himself, August 26th, opening a retail store at the corner of Bryan 
and Jefferson streets, where he remained until October, 1874. On that 
date he moved to the corner of Congress and Jefferson streets and here 
he soon built up a large country trade. In August, 1877, the business 
having increased, its quarters were extended to include an additional 
store room on Congress street, and he continued to do business at this 
location until 1885. In October of that year he removed to 161 Congress 
street, where he remained till October 1, 1895, when the present com- 
modious quarters on West Broughton street, near Bull street, were 
occupied. In February, 1904, to accommodate increased business, an- 
other story was added to the building, making four stories. In 1891, 
a branch store was established at Brunswick, Georgia, which, like the 
parent establishment, has continued with undiminished success. The 
business was at first conducted by Mr. Levy, under his individual name. 
Later, his brother, Henry Levy, became a member of the firm, the name 
of which was then changed to B. H. Levy & Bro. On February 29, 
1904, Arthur B. Levy, the son of B. H. Levy, and Sidney Levy, the 
son of Henry Levy, were admitted to the firm, and the name was 
changed to B. H. Levy Bro. & Company. 

The Levy store handles both men's and women's clothing and fur- 
nishings, on a large scale, and is one of the most extensive establishments 
of its kind in Georgia. The store on Broughton street has a frontage 
of sixty feet, has four stories and basement, and is equipped and con- 
ducted in the most modern and up-to-date manner, one hundred and 
twenty -five people being employed. The ' ' square-deal ' ' spirit which per- 
vades this establishment makes it popular alike with employe and pafron. 

Mr. Levy is active in both the business and the social life of Savan- 
nah. He is a director of the National Bank of Savannah, vice-president 
of the Georgia State Savings Association, director of the Savannah Fire 
Insurance Company. The board of curators of the Telfair Academy 
of Arts and Sciences includes him as one of its members, and he has 
fraternal identity with the Masonic order ; he is a thirty-second degree 
Scottish Rite Mason and a Shriner. 

Mr. Levy was married March 1, 1876, to Miss Rebecca Dryfus, of 
Savannah, and a native of Brockhaven, Mississippi. Besides the son 
above mentioned as being in business with his father, they have three 
other children : Stella, wife of Mr. Simon Gazan ; Miss Lucile Levy and 
Miss Clarice Levy. 

Robert Tyler Waller. Of distinguished Virginia ancestry, Robert 
Tyler Waller, a well-known business man of Savannah, comes from a 
stock that has produced strong characters, particularly as soldiers, since 
early colonial days. A notable example of the soldierly element of the 
present generation of the family is Col. L. W. T. Waller, who suc- 
cessfully conducted operations against the insurgents in the Philippines, 
and later, when determined action was necessary, was sent to China. 
In the war between the states, every member of the Waller family in 
Virginia who was eligible to military duty joined the Confederate ser- 
vice. 

A native of Virginia, Mr. Waller was born May 17. 1851, at Williams- 
burg, a son of William Waller, who was the third in direct line to bear 
that name. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 629 

Benjamin Waller, the great-great-grandfather of Mr. Waller, was 
a life-long resident of Virginia, and a man of great prominence and 
influence. He was born in 1716 and died in 1786. He was one of the 
leading members of the Virginia convention of 1775-1776, and during 
the Revolutionary war was judge of the admiralty court of that state. 
His son, Benjamin Carter Waller, was the next in line of descent, and 
his son, William Waller, second, married a daughter of Thomas and 
Mary, and granddaughter of Cyrus Griffin, who was the last president 
of the continental congress. 

William Waller, third, spent his entire life in Virginia. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Tyler, who also belonged to a noted Virginia family. 
Her father, John Tyler, a native of Williamsburg, Virginia, was active 
and prominent in public life, serving as a judge, a member of con- 
gress, United States senator, as vice-president, and as the tenth presi- 
dent of the United States. Her grandfather, the maternal great-grand- 
father of Mr. Waller, John Tyler, Sr., was born in Virginia in 1748. 
He, too, acquired distinction as a patriot and a statesman. He was a 
delegate to the Virginia convention of 1774 ; speaker of the House of 
Burgess ; judge of the court of admiralty ; as such deciding the first 
prize case after the War of the Revolution. He was called the "Patriot 
of the Revolution." He served as governor of Virginia, and was judge 
not only of the state district court, but of the United States district 
court. 

Growing to manhood, Robert Tyler Waller completed his early 
studies in Lynchburg, at Norwood College, a famous institution of 
learning of the past generation. A resident of Savannah, Georgia, 
since 1871, he has been engaged, principally, in the cotton industry 
since that time. In 1905, Mr. Waller became a member of the firm of 
Derby & Waller, cotton warehouse men, and has since carried on an 
extensive and profitable business, their warehouse being one of the 
largest in the city. In September, 1912, Derby & Waller dissolved 
partnership, each party now being in business for himself. 

Mr. Waller married, in Savannah, Miss Emily Greene Johnstone, 
who was born in Georgia, and likewise comes from a family of worth and 
distinction, being a great-granddaughter of Gen. Nathaniel Greene, the 
friend of George Washington, and commander of the troops of the 
Southern colonies during the Revolutionary war. Robert Tyler Wal- 
ler, Jr., the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Waller, is treasurer of the 
Carson Naval Stores Company of Savannah. 

Cornelius F. Moses, manager for the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany, is the scion of one of the oldest families of South Carolina, whose 
history dates back to the period before the Revolutionary war. Mr. 
Moses was born in Augusta, Georgia, in 1865, where he was reared and 
educated. He was but twenty-one years of age when he first formed 
the connection with the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York 
which has continued through all these years and as whose representative 
Mr. Moses is so widely known in the state of Georgia. His first work 
was as a local agent in Georgia, and through his energy and ability he 
was from time to time promoted to higher position. In 1898, he was 
appointed district agent at Savannah, and since that time he has made 
his headquarters in this city, here maintaining his residence. In 1905, 
the state was divided into two divisions, and Mr. Moses was appointed 
to his present position as general agent for the South Georgia terri- 
tory, which embraces practically the southern half of the state. His 
first year's efforts in Savannah were rewarded by receiving the beauti- 
ful silver loving cup of his company, known as the "President's Cup," 



630 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

one of which was in that year presented to the agent in each state pro- 
ducing- the largest amount of business. Mr. Moses' agency has never 
been a laggard one in the matter of productiveness, and it is recognized 
by the New York office as being the most productive agency of the 
company, in proportion to the population of the territory he repre- 
sents. He is widely known as one of the most successful insurance 
men in the United States, and the record of his achievements in the 
insurance world is one of which he might well be proud. He was at one 
time president of the Savannah Life Underwriters' Association, at the 
present time he is vice-president of the Southern Managers Association 
of the Mutual Life Insurance Company, comprising all the southern 
managers of the company, and in the next year will be made president 
of the association. In a fraternal way, Mr. Moses is a member of Ancient 
Landmark Lodge No. 231, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and is 
a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite Mason, being affiliated with R. J. 
Nunn Consistory No. 1. He is a member of Alee Temple A. A. 0. N. 
M. S., a member of the Oglethorpe Club, the Yacht Club, the Cotillion 
Club, and the Golf Club, being secretary of the last mentioned club, 
and an enthusiastic golfer. 

In 1889, Mr. Moses was married at Washington to Miss Anna H. 
Sneed, a daughter of the late James Roddy Sneed, a prominent news- 
paper man, who was editor of the old Savannah Republican prior to 
and during the war. 

Thomas H. MacMillan. Noteworthy among the prominent busi- 
ness men and the active and enterprising citizens of Savannah, is 
Thomas H. MacMillan, one of the leading manufacturers of the city, 
a former member of the state legislature, and an ex-alderman. A 
native of North Carolina, he was born March 11, 1854, at Fayetteville, 
where he was brought up and educated. 

Learning the trades of a machinist and coppersmith when young, 
Mr. MacMillan followed them in Fayetteville for several years. Locat- 
ing in Savannah, Georgia, in December, 1878, he embarked in the 
manufacture of copper turpentine stills, a venture that proved so 
successful that he has continued it ever since, his plant being one of the 
substantial industries of the city. Associated in business with Mr. 
MacMillan is his brother, Ronald H. MacMillan, of Fayetteville, North 
Carolina, the firm name being MacMillan Brothei'S. The business of 
this firm has kept pace with the growth of the naval stores industry 
of the South, and in order to meet with greater facility the demands 
for their stills MacMillan Brothers maintain branch establishments at 
Jacksonville, Mobile and Pensacola. 

The products of the MacMillan plants ai*e notable throughout the 
turpentine regions for first-class material, honest, durable workman- 
ship, and resultant satisfactory service to the user. In addition to 
the making of seamless stills, the MacMillan copper shops in Savannah, 
and the branch shops in Jacksonville, Mobile and Pensacola, manufac- 
ture other appliances used in the turpentine industry, doing general 
coppersmith work. 

Mr. MacMillan has other interests of note. also. He established 
and for eight years was president, of the Savannah Blow Pipe and 
Exhaust Company, manufacturers of blow pipes systems. Withdraw- 
ing from that concern in 1911, he founded, in 1911. a new organization 
to carry on the same line of industry, it being the South Atlantic Blow 
Pipe and Sheet Metal Company, of which he is president, the head- 
quarters of the company being in Savannah, with branch establish- 
ments at Jacksonville and Atlanta. 




^e .•^^^ 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 631 

Mr. MacMillan is one of the directorate of the Citizens and Southern 
Bank ; lie is a member of tire board of trade, of the chamber of com- 
merce, and other business and social organizations. Fraternally he is 
a prominent member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Order of 
Masons, being a Knight Templar, a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, and a member of Alee Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

For many years Mr. MacMillan has taken an active and public- 
spirited part in civic affairs. For two terms he served as alderman, 
and was chairman of the committee which had in hand the completion 
of the new water works system. He is a member of the Savannah 
park and tree commission, which is doing much towards improving 
and beautifying the city. During the administration of Governor 
Candler, Mr. MacMillan represented Chatham county in the state 
legislature, for two terms rendering appreciated service as a member 
of the finance and appropriation committees. 

Mr. MacMillan married, in Savannah, Gertrude Bliss, who was born 
and educated in this city. Their union has been blessed by the birth 
of four children, namely: D. B. MacMillan, who has charge of the 
MacMillan interests in Pensacola ; Thomas H. MacMillan, Jr., con- 
nected with the Savannah plant; Raymond H. MacMillan, represent- 
ing South Atlantic Blow Pipe Company in Jacksonville ; and Miss 
Alice MacMillan. 

Robert P. Lovell, of the firm of Edward Lovell Sons, hardware 
merchants of Savannah for many years, is one of the well-known busi- 
ness men of this city. He is the brother of Edward F. Lovell, who is 
his partner in the firm, and the son of Edward and Mary A. (Bates) 
Lovell. 

Edward Lovell was born at Medway, Massachusetts, March 4, 1816. 
When he came to Savannah in 1835 the place was little more than a 
small seaport, but he remained in and of the city long enough to see 
it attain a growth and prominence which placed it among the foremost 
southern cities. Mr. Lovell's first business venture in Savannah as a 
young man of twenty-one was as proprietor of a gun store. He achieved 
success in the smaller venture, and was encouraged to reach out from 
time to time, until in 1857 he established the house of Lovell & Latti- 
more, his brother Nathaniel also entering the firm as a member. In 
1868, Mr. Lovell retired from the firm of Lovell & Lattimore and in the 
fall of that year Edward F. Lovell entered into the partnership with 
William C. Crawford, which continued until the death of Mr. Crawford 
in 1881, when the firm was changed to Edward Lovell and Sons, the 
new members being Edward Lovell and Robert P. Lovell. The Lovell's 
have continued in the business established so many years ago by their 
father, and it has prospered in a manner highly pleasing to its members, 
and wholly consistent with the excellent management it has undergone 
in the passing years. 

Mr. Lovell was for twenty-one years an active member of the Savan- 
nah Cadets, enlisting as a private, and he has occupied every rank in 
his company up to and including that of second lieutenant. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, affiliating with Zerubbabel Lodge 
No. 15, the Georgia Chapter No. 3, R. A. M., and Palestine Commandery 
No. 7. He was for many years treasurer of the chapter and commandery. 

In 1907, Mr. Lovell was elected mayor of the town of Tybee, on Tybee 
Island, and he has since served in that capacity. He has a summer 
home there, and has taken an active part in building up and maintaining 
Savannah's attractive coast resort. 



632 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

In 1892, Mr. Lovell was married to Miss Katrina A. Schrim, who 
was born in this city. She is of German parentage, her father coming 
to this country from Germany in 1860. They have five children : Robert 
P., Jr. ; William S. ; Frank I). ; Eleanor and Grace. 

Edward Lovell. Among those men who have contributed by their 
enterprise and public, spirit to the permanent growth and prosperity of 
Savannah, Edward Lovell will always have a prominent place. Mr. 
Lovell was born at Medway, Massachusetts, on the 4th of March, 1816, 
and came to Savannah in 1835, then a little seaport having a limited 
commerce carried on by sloops and brigs, the river being too shallow to 
admit larger vessels. Mr. Lovell, as soon as he attained his majority, 
embarked in business for himself, his first venture being a gun store, 
and in addition to the sale of guns, he carried on a repair department. 
Three years of continued success in the primal undertaking warranted 
him in enlarging the business, and he then added a complete line of 
hardware and house-furnishing goods. Prosperity attended his every 
effort, and in 1848 he established the house known as Lovell & Latti- 
more, his brother Nathaniel coming into the firm as a member, as well 
as his friend, William Lattimore. The firm continued with this person- 
nel until 1868. In that year his son, Edward F. Lovell, having reached 
his majority, Edward Lovell retired from the firm of Lovell & Latti- 
more, leaving the good will, the established stand of the business and the 
familiar firm name to his partners. Upon the death of Mr. Crawford 
in 1884, a new firm took its place, comprised of Edward Lovell and his 
two sons, Edward F. and Robert P. Lovell. The new firm soon came to 
be recognized as one of the largest hardware and iron houses in the state 
and has so continued, notwithstanding his death, which occurred on 
August 25, 1888. 

Mr. Lovell, by his sagacity and experience laid the foundation broad 
and deep for an ever growing and successful business, and the impress 
of his wisdom and integrity is exemplified in the name of Edward Lovell 
Sons, under which the business still continues. Mr. Lovell was a man 
of great industry and application, but so methodical and exact was he 
in all his transactions that he was able to carry out every detail of 
business without hurry or confusion, accomplishing a vast amount of 
work without the apparent sacrifice of mental or physical activity. He 
was excessively loyal to his adopted city and had confidence in her 
ultimate success. He did not hoard his gains and after filling his coffers 
remove himself and his wealth to the place of his birth, there to enjoy 
in ease and comfort his well earned rest, but actively participated in 
every important enterprise that promised to advance the interest and 
prosperity of Savannah. He invested his income judiciously in perma- 
nent improvements, in real estate in and out of the city, and he became 
interested in financial and manufacturing ventures which have con- 
tributed largely to the growth and progress of Savannah. Hfe was early 
interested in the Savannah & Ogeechee canal, which, in its day. floated 
millions of feet of lumber and timber to the city and before the con- 
struction of the Central railroad was an important highway of com- 
merce to this point on the coast of Georgia. Mr. Lovell held the office 
of president of this company for many years. He was a director in the 
Atlantic & Gulf Railroad, president of the Savannah Brick Manufac- 
turing Company, vice-president of the Oglethorpe Savings and Trust 
Company, while his name appeared as a stockholder and contributor to 
many of the corporations and associations formed for the promotion of 
manufacturing and commerce. Not only was Mr. Lovell loyal to his 
adopted home in contributing to its growth and material prosperity, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 633 

but he was also true to it in time of war and pestilence. Although he 
was exempt from service by reason of his age, he served the Confed- 
eracy in superintending the construction of batteries and earthworks 
in the defense around Savannah. With the capacity and fitness for busi- 
ness so eminently displayed, Mr. Lovell possessed the estimable qualities 
of charity and benevolence, unostentatious but effective, dispensing re- 
lief to the needy and distressed with a lavish but discriminating hand. 
No worthy object ever appealed to him in vain. 

Mr. Lovell was married on May 4, 1845, to Miss Mary A. Bates, of 
Cohasset, Massachusetts, who proved herself a devoted wife and con- 
stant companion. They became the parents of two sons, Edward P. and 
Robert P., who were associated with their father in business during the 
latter years of his life, and who now are carrying on the business founded 
by him. Both of them have been given more detailed mention in separate 
biographical sketches elsewhere in the pages of this work. The wife and 
mother did not long survive the death of her honored husband, her pass- 
ing taking place on December 23, 1891. This worthy couple left a good 
name to their children, a heritage more lasting than wealth or earthly 
preferment. Mr. Lovell was social in his instincts and feelings, and 
while immersed in the cares of business and discharging many duties 
and trusts, both of a public and private nature, he found time to par- 
ticipate in the pleasant associations of Odd Fellowship as a member of 
Live Oak lodge, and he was for many years an honored member of that 
time-honored corps, the Chatham Artillery, — a military company which 
united the discipline of the soldier and the amenities of social engage- 
ment more successfully than any other of the volunteer militia of Geor- 
gia. Mr. Lovell was an honorary member of the Chatham Artillery at 
the time of his death. In connection with his military record, Mr. 
Lovell came of a family which has, since its establishment in America, 
given aid to the public cause. His father, Zachariah Lovell, son of 
Nathaniel, who was a Continental soldier in the Revolutionary war, 
and his great-grandfather, Hopestill Lovell, took part in the French 
and Indian war of 1745. 

Edward F. Lovell is a merchant of considerable prominence in 
Savannah, and is a member of the hardware firm established by Win. C. 
Crawford and Edward F. Lovell. He was born in Savannah in 1847 
and is the son of Edward and Mary A. (Bates) Lovell. 

Edward Lovell was born at Medway, Massachusetts, March 4, 1816, 
and died in Savannah in 1888. He first came to this city in 1835. In 
the year 1848 he, in partnership with his brother, Nathaniel Lovell and 
William Lattimore, founded the firm of Lovell & Lattimore, hardware 
merchants. Edward Lovell was the senior member of the firm, and owner 
of one-half the business. The original place of business was on Bernard 
street, near Congress street, and the establishment was there maintained 
for a long period. In 1868 Edward Lovell sold his interest in the busi- 
ness to Nathaniel Lovell and William Lattimore, and he retired tempo- 
rarily from the business, the two others mentioned continuing therein 
for many years thereafter. It was about the time that the elder Lovell 
disposed of his interests in the business that his son, Edward F. Lovell 
of this review, started in busines with W. C. Crawford, under the firm 
name of Crawford & Lovell, which was a hardware business, similar 
to that conducted by his father for so many years. In 1884 Mr. Crawford 
died, and at that time Edward Lovell, the father of Edward F. Lovell, 
came back into the hardware business. Robert P. Lovell, the brother of 
Edward F., also became a member of the firm at that time, and the 
firm was known as Edward Lovell & Sons. With the death of the father 



634 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

in 1888, the firm became Edward Lovell Sons, with Edward F. and 
Robert P. Lovell as the owners and members of the firm, and as such 
it has continued lip to the present time. The elder Lovell was a man 
of the fine, sturdy type, possessing those qualities which made it pos- 
sible for him to conduct his affairs along the lines of strictest integrity, 
and maintain business principles of the highest honor. He was far 
sighted and careful, and in the business world was known as a man of 
strength and wisdom. The business which he founded so many years 
ago still stands firm, a monument to the splendid business principles of 
the man who gave the best years of his life to its establishment and main- 
tenance. In 1872 the Lovell store was removed from Congress street to 
Broughton street, and in 1906 Avas moved to its present position, 14-18 
State street, West. 

Both Edward P. Lovell and his father were Confederate soldiers in 
the Civil war. The elder Lovell was a member of Company A, Chatham 
Siege Artillery, in which he was very active, and he had charge of the 
work of placing the cannon for the defense of the city of Savannah. 
Edward F. Lovell joined Simmons' Battalion in the Georgia Reserves in 
1864 on his seventeenth birthday. His service was mostly in the vicinity 
of Savannah till the occupation by Sherman's army, after which he was 
in the Carolinas till the close of the war. 

Mr. Lovell is the oldest living director of the Citizens Southern 
Bank, Savannah's largest financial institution. 

In 1870 Mr. Lovell was married in Savannah to Miss Emily Williams 
Dasher, a native of this city. They have three children : Edward F., 
Jr., Gilbert M., and Mary Laura, the wife of R. S. Cope. 

Thomas Freeman Thomson. The gentleman to a brief review of 
whose life the reader's attention is herewith directed is one of Chatham 
county's most admirable public officials and business men and has by 
his enterprise and progressive methods contributed in a material way 
to the development of city and county. He has in the course of an 
honorable career been most successful in his various associations and is 
Avell deserving of mention in the biographical memoirs of this part of 
Georgia. Thomas Freeman Thomson, state and county tax collector, 
was born in Macon, Georgia, July 12, 1850, the son of Dr. Methven S. and 
Mary E. (Freeman) Thomson. He is of Scotch descent, the birth of his 
father having occurred at Perth, Scotland, January 7, 1S15. The elder 
gentleman was reared and educated there and came to America at about 
the age of twenty-one years. He located in Macon, Georgia, ahout the 
year 1840 and resided there for over half a century, his demise occur- 
ring December 10, 1893. He had been all his life active in the practice 
of his profession and was widely known throughout middle Georgia. He 
was three times mayor of Macon, being the ''war mayor" of the city and 
serving in such capacity throughout the period of the great conflict. 
Dr. Thomson is remembered by all as a man of the finest characteristics. 
The subject's mother, who died in January, 1887, was of an older 
family in Georgia. She was born on Staten Island, New York. October 
24, 1824, the daughter of Azel Roe and Delia (Shaw) Freeman. Azel 
Roe Freeman was a soldier of the Wax of 1812. who removed to Macon 
with his family in 1827. Her brother, George C. Freeman, who is the 
father of Judge Davis Freeman, of the Savannah city court, removed 
from Macon to Savannah in 1854 and is still living in this city. 

The youth of Mi-. Thomson was passed in the troublous days preced- 
ing and during the Civil war. Mr. Thomson received as good an edu- 
cation as was possible under the circumstances. He received a good 
commercial training in Eastman's Business College at Poughkeepsie, 
New York, from which lie was graduated in 1869. 





\6*%£&iCBzC 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 635 

In January, 1870, Mr. Thomson came to Savannah, which has since f 
heen his home. His first position was in charge of the hooks of a whole- 
sale and retail grocery house. From this position he went into the old 
Southern Bank, as bookkeeper; this bank, established in 1870, was the 
beginning of the present Citizens' & Southern Bank. Leaving the South- 
ern Bank he became connected with the Merchants' National. Subse- 
quently he became identified with the National Bank of Savannah, 
when it was established November 10, 1885, and for eleven years he was 
cashier of this bank. Altogether he was twenty-five years in the banking 
business in Savannah — six years with the Southern, eight years with 
the Merchants' and eleven years with the National Bank of Savannah. 

For four years after retiring from the bank he was special agent for 
the New England Mutual Life Insurance Company. Then in 1901 he 
was elected to the office of state and county tax collector of Chatham 
county, which he lias filled, by successive elections, ever since. He is a 
very popular official and his office has a wide reputation for efficiency. 

Mr. Thomson is a Mason of statewide prominence, of both the York 
and Scottish Rites, a Knights Templar, and thirty-second degree Scottish 
Rite Mason, and in addition is a Shriner. He was for several years 
treasurer of the Scottish Rite bodies in Savannah. He was for ten years 
a member of military organizations in Savannah, first of the Savannah 
Cadets, and then with the Chatham Artillery. By election of the Savan- 
nah Cadets he is an honorary life member of that historic organization. 
He is also a life member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks and no one is more beloved in fraternal circles. He and his wife 
are members of Wesley Monumental Methodist church. 

Mr. Thomson was married in Savannah. Miss Margaret J. Meldrim, 
of this city, daughter of Ralph and Jane (Fawcett) Meldrim, becoming 
his wife. She is a sister of Gen. Peter W. Meldrim, one of the leading 
lawyers of Savannah. Mr. Thomson and his admirable wife are the 
parents of six children, all fine citizens and all sharing the high ideals 
of their parents. They are : Ralph M. Thomson, Rev. Thomas H. Thom- 
son, Robert C. Thomson, Edward G. Thomson, Margaret M., wife of 
Mr. Earl Dasher, and Meldrim Thomson. There are seven grandchildren. 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Thomson have three children : Thomas F., Jr., 
Robert P. and John L. Rev. Thomas H. Thomson and wife have two 
daughters. Eunice and Sarah ; and Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Dasher have a son, 
Thomas Thomson Dasher. Mr. and Mrs. Meldrim Thomson, of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, have one son. Meldrim Thomson, Jr. 

Herman C. Shuptrine. No name is more prominent in pharma- 
ceutical affairs in Georgia than that of Shuptrine, the family, father 
and son, having been identified with this profession for a great many 
years. In addition to their prestige as good business men and excep- 
tionally skilled druggists, the Shuptrines are public-spirited and of 
unswerving principles and none is more worthy of representation in a 
volume of this nature. 

Herman C. Shuptrine, prominent Savannah druggist and president 
of the National Association of Retail Druggists, was born in this city, 
the son of the late James Thaddeus Shuptrine, and of his wife, whose 
maiden name was Sarah Newton. Of the former, whose much lamented 
demise occurred on August 15, 1911, more will be told in succeeding 
paragraphs. Herman C. was born in 1877, and here was reared and 
for the most part educated, his preliminary education being secured in 
the public schools of the city, after which he matriculated in Emory 
College, Georgia. Before he became of age, he entered his father's store 
and he has been connected with it ever since, becoming a skillful pharma- 



636 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

eist and thoroughly skilled in merchandising methods. Since his father's 
death he has heen president of the Shuptrine Company, which had been 
incorporated by his father. He is one of the prominent young business 
men of Savannah, aggressive and enterprising, of the type which is 
aiding in the upbuilding of the city. He is active in the many-sided 
life of the city and is a member of Ancient Landmark lodge of Z.Iasons 
and a former member of the Savannah Cadets. 

In September, 1911, Mr. Shuptrine was elected president of the 
National Association of Retail Druggists, at the thirteenth annual con- 
vention of that body, held at Niagara Falls. He is probably the youngest 
druggist who has ever been at the head of the organization, of which 
over 17,000 druggists are members. This conspicuous honor came to him 
quite unsolicited, his election having been brought about through the 
influence of his wide circle of friends in the association, and it was a 
source of commendable gratification not only to himself, but to the 
druggists and citizens generally of his home city, Savannah. In 1907 
he was elected a member of the Georgia board of pharmacy for a term 
of five years, and in 1912, re-elected to the same office, and is a member of 
the board of education of the city of Savannah. It is an eloquent com- 
mentary upon his ability and the respect and confidence in which he 
is held. 

Mr. Shuptrine was married in Savannah on the 8th day of June, 
1898, the young woman to become his wife and the mistress of his 
household being Miss Alice Elizabeth Vendeveer, who was born in this 
city. They share their attractive home with a son and a daughter, 
namely : James T. and Sarah. 

James Thaddeus Shuptrine, father of the foregoing, was the second 
oldest druggist in Savannah and one of the Forest city's most highly 
esteemed citizens. He was a native Georgian, his life record having 
begun in Effingham county, on October 15, 1850. His parents were 
D. C. and Caroline (Newton) Shuptrine. He passed the early years of 
his life in his native county and received the education accorded to the 
usual youth of his day and generation. Immediately upon reaching 
manhood he became identified with the drug business and he continued 
in this field of endeavor until the time of his death. It is speaking with 
all due conservatism, to say that he was one of the most widely known 
druggists in all the length and breadth of the state. 

He had spent the greater part of his life in this city, having taken up 
his residence here at the age of nineteen years. His first business venture 
was in the employ of the late J. M. Heidt, whose drug store was located 
on the corner of Whitaker and Congress streets. He remained with 
that gentleman for six years and following that connection took charge 
of the drug business of J. H. Polhill on Abercorn street. He remained 
with Mr. Polhill until 1876, and was in this association at the time of 
the yellow fever scourge which swept over Savannah in that year. 
It is characteristic that he remained at his post throughout that trying 
period. 

Mr. Shuptrine went into business for himself in 1877, his store being 
located a few doors below the present location of the Shuptrine Company. 
He moved into his present commodious quarters on Congress street about 
fifteen years ago and in the year 1906 the business was incorporated. 
Mr. Shuptrine was particularly successful in his business ventures. 
Scrupulously conscientious in his dealings, kind and considerate in his 
private life, he won the admiration and respect of all with whom he 
came in contact. He was at one time president of the Georgia Pharma- 
ceutical Association and for many years acted as its treasurer. 

Mi'. Shuptrine laid one of the most important stones in the founda- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 637 

tion of his success by his marriage on February 17, 1876, to Miss Sarah ; 
Newton. Their happy union was blessed by the birth of the following 
children: Mrs. Walter B. Stillwell, Mrs. F. E. Johnston, and Herman 
C. Shuptrine. He also had five grandchildren. He was essentially 
domestic in nature, finding his greatest pleasure about his own fireside. 
His home at 308 Bolton street, West, was known as one of the hospitable 
abodes of a city where hospitality has become a highly cultivated virtue. 
Mr. Shuptrine was a member of Landrum Lodge of Masons and 
exemplified in his own life the ideals of moral and social justice and 
brotherly love for which the order stands. The Masonic body held the 
last ceremonial rites and consigned all that was mortal of him to the 
grave. He had for many years been a member of the First Baptist 
church and was a member of the board of deacons at the time of his 
passing to the Great Beyond. It has been said of him that he was 
recognized all over the state as a man of shrewd business sagacity, as 
well as an accomplished druggist. He was distinguished for unusual 
physical activity, and success was pretty sure to crown his undertak- 
ings. He was interested in all that pertained to the unity and advance- 
ment of his profession and retained his office of treasurer in the Georgia 
Pharmaceutical Association until the June before his death, when he 
was forced to retire on account of declining health. He was active in 
the local association of druggists up to a few years ago. The memory 
and influence of this gentleman will not soon be lost in the community 
which so profited by his good citizenship. 

John Ward Motte. In the field of production of naval stores, it 
is safe to say that no one man is more widely known than John Ward 
Motte, president of the Producers' Naval Stores Company and very 
prominent in the commercial affairs of Savannah. Mr. Motte is one of 
those native Southerners, who within recent years have manifested a 
remarkable capacity in the promotion and conduct of great commercial 
and industrial businesses amounting to genius and to them is due in 
great part the renewed prosperity of the South, which is going forward 
with leaps and bounds. This distinguished Savannah citizen was born 
at Cheraw, in Chesterfield county, South Carolina. His paternal an- 
cestry is of French Huguenot origin, his forbears having located in 
Charleston, South Carolina, early in the history of that city and they 
and their descendants have resided there for many years. In 1889, Mr. 
Motte came to Savannah and this city has ever since been his home. 

It was in the year above mentioned that Mr. Motte first became iden- 
tified with the naval stores business and his main business interests have 
always been centered in the naval stores industry. He is the presi- 
dent of the Producers' Naval Stores Company, one of the most promi- 
nent and successful corporations engaged in this industry. This company 
is the successor to the John R. Young Company, which in turn was the 
successor to the Ellis-Young Company. Mr. Motte is also president of 
the Blue Creek Company, a large producing naval stores organization 
operating in Florida. He is financially interested in several other com- 
panies engaged in one way or another in the naval stores business. 
In addition to these he has many other interests of wide scope and 
importance. He is a director of the Savannah Bank & Trust Company, 
a history of which appears elsewhere in this work. It is this company 
which built the splendid fifteen-story office building at Bull and Bryan 
streets, perhaps the finest structure of its kind in the South, and a 
source of great pride to all Savannahians. The general offices of Mr. 
Motte 's companies are in this building. 

Mr. Motte is vice-president and director of the board of trade and 



638 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

for many years has been one of its most active and useful members. He 
has been either at the head of or a member of several impoi'tant delega- 
tions from the board that have accomplished great results for Savan- 
nah. It is due to the public spirited efforts of such citizens as Mr. 
Motte that Savannah has become one of the wealthiest, most prosperous 
and most enterprising cities of the South. He is a man of splendid 
ability and the continual progress and present standing of those enter- 
prises with which he is identified are largely to be credited to his experi- 
ence, executive ability, engineering skill and genius in the broad combi- 
nation and concentration of applicable forces. 

The Chatham Nurseries (successors to the W. J. Stevenson Com- 
pany), operating extensive green houses and a nursery in Savannah 
at Dale and Waters avenues, is fortunate in posessing Mr. Motte as 
president. 

Mr. Motte was for several years an active member of the Savannah 
Volunteer Guards, and served with this command in the Spanish-Amei'i- 
can war. Upon his return to the city at the termination of the conflict 
he became an officer of the guards. Although eminently well fitted for 
the successful assumption of public trust, he has served in but one office, 
namely, county commissioner of Chatham county, to which he was elected 
in 1906 and re-elected in 1910. 

He is a prominent club man, belonging to the Oglethorpe Club, the 
Savannah Yacht Club, the Masonic order, the Elks and other social 
and fraternal organizations. 

James Fairlie Cooper Myers. It is distinctively within the prov- 
ince of this historical compilation to enter record concerning the cap- 
tains of those staunch and important commercial and industrial con- 
cerns through which is being conserved the progress and prestige of 
Savannah. James Fairlie Cooper Myers is vice-president of the Germa- 
nia Bank, also the American Naval Stores Company, of this city, a con- 
cern of national magnitude. He has been identified with the company 
in one capacity or another since 1881, Avhen as a boy he secured a 
minor position with its principal predecessor, and no small degree of its 
rapid, steady growth and its present splendid scope and completeness 
may be pai'tially traced to his executive ability, tireless energy, engineer- 
ing skill and genius in the broad combination and concentration of 
applicable forces. 

Mr. Myers was born in Atlanta, Georgia, on the 7th day of April. 
1867. His parents were Francis Nimis Myers and Mary Fairlie (Cooper) 
Myers. 

On his maternal side, Mr. Myers' ancestry presents an interesting 
and fascinating record. His mother, Mary Fairlie (Cooper) Myers, is 
the daughter of the late James Fairlie Cooper, who was a civil engineer 
of distinction and a resident of Alabama for a number of years. One 
of his most prominent achievements as an engineer was the building of 
the Western & Atlanta Railroad, which was financed by the state of 
Georgia, and of which he became manager after its completion. It was 
this which caused him to become a resident of Georgia. 

Thomas Apthorpe Cooper, the eminent English actor, the stage tutor 
of the elder "Booth and of Edwin Forrest, after his removal from Lon- 
don to New York, in 1830, married Miss Mary Fairlie. a young woman 
widely famed for her wit and beauty and for her artistic and intel- 
lectual qualities. She was the daughter of Maj. James Fairlie. who was 
aid-de-camp on the staff of General Washington in the Revolutionary 
war and who subsequently served as clerk of the supreme court of New 
Yoi'k. Mary Fairlie was the granddaughter of Gov. Robert Yates of 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 639 

New York (one of the colonial governors), and through this distin- 
guished forbear the subject secured membership in the Society of Co- 
lonial Wars. The Fairlies were intimate friends of "Washington Irving 
and Mary Fairlie was the original of the character Sophie Sparkle in 
"Salamagundi." One of the daughters of Thomas and Mary (Fairlie) 
Cooper, Priscilla Cooper, was likewise noted for her great charm of per- 
sonality. She became an actress of note and her playing of the part of 
Virginia in her father's production of "Virginius, " in which the latter 
played the title role, at the old Bowery theatre of New York, was a not- 
able theatrical event of the early days. Priscilla Cooper gave up the 
stage upon her marriage to Robert Tyler, son of President Tyler. On 
account of the ill health of the wife of President Tyler, Priscilla Cooper 
Tyler became virtually the "Mistress of the White House" and her 
reign as such forms a delightful chapter in the social history of 
Washington. 

Mr. Myers is one of Savannah's most distinguished members of the 
Sons of the American Revolution and his membership in the same comes 
from descent on his paternal side from Philip Minis, of whom he is the 
great-great-grandson. Philip Minis was born in Georgia in 1736 and 
it seems to be a pretty clearly established fact that he was the first white 
child born in the colony of Georgia, which was founded in 1733. On 
account of his activities in behalf of the Continental army during the 
Revolutionary war. he was named in the Georgia Royal Disqualifying 
Act of 1780. He passed to the great beyond in 1789. 

Thus it will be seen that few have as inspiring a connection with the 
early years of American history and the spirit of the men who achieved 
American independence has come as a legacy to Mr. Myers, whose patri- 
otism is manifest as a particularly fine type of citizenship. He is a 
genial gentleman, always courteous and considerate, of broad human 
sympathies and tolerance, and possessed of that sincere love of his fel- 
low men without which there can never be the highest success. All meas- 
ures likely to result in general benefit are sure of his support. 

Mr. Myers was reared in Marietta, Georgia, where he attended school. 
In 1881, before he was fourteen years of age, he came to Savannah and 
soon after secured a position in the naval stores firm of S. P. Shotter & 
Company, with which business he has been connected ever since. It has 
since become the American Naval Stores Company, the organization of 
which was promoted by Mr. Shotter. and Mr. Myers holds the office of 
vice-president. The American Naval Stores Company is a very large 
and wealthy corporation, founded on Mr. Shotter 's original company 
and embracing a number of other companies which have since been 
absorbed. Mr. Myers has made a splendid rise in the world of com- 
merce. Besides the position above mentioned, he is president of the 
South Atlantic Steamship Company and of the National Transporta- 
tion and Terminal Company. He is vice-president of the National Tank 
& Export Company and an officer of or financially interested in other 
commercial enterprises of importance. He has lived in Savannah con- 
tinuously since 1881, with the exception of eight years, from 1886 to 
1W4. when he was a resident of New York City in charge of the offices 
of his company there. He is a director of the Germania Bank. 

Mr. Myers was married in Savannah to Miss Lina Anderson, daugh- 
ter of John W. Anderson. Their happy marriage lias been blessed with 
a son and a daughter — John Anderson and Carolyn Cooper. To see 
Mr. Myers at his best socially it is necessary to meet him in his delight- 
ful home. There his easy dignity, generous hospitality and cordial ways 
mark him at once as a true gentleman. 



640 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Adam Cope Harmon, for a number of years identified with the 
insurance business in Savannah and a resident of .that city all his 
life, is a member of one of the oldest families known to the city. 
He was born here in 1850 and is the son of Abram and Anna 
Rosa (Cope) Harmon. The father was born near Lexington in lower 
South Carolina, and his father, the grandfather of Adam Cope Har- 
mon of this review, was born in Germany. He came to America and 
located near Lexington, South Carolina, where he passed the remainder 
of his life. His son, Abram Harmon, came to Savannah in about 1830 
and died in 1859. The mother of Adam Cope Harmon was Anna Rosa 
Cope. She was born in Savannah and there lived her entire life. She 
was the daughter of Adam Cope, one of the well known early citizens 
of Savannah, who was born in England and came to Savannah in the 
days of Oglethorpe. He furnished active aid and support to the Con- 
tinental army during the War of the Revolution, after which he became 
prominent in the public affairs of the city. He was one of the marshals 
who officiated at the notable occasion of Lafayette's visit to Savannah 
in March, 1825, and was one of those to assist in the entertainment of 
the city's distinguished and honored guest. 

Mr. Harmon is the youngest child of his parents. His oldest brother, 
Richard Fuller Harmon, now deceased, was in the cotton business in 
Savannah for many years and was a prosperous and prominent man. 
He was always active and prominent in public affairs, and Harmon street 
was named in his honor. He was a member of the city council, in which 
body he was chairman of the committee on streets and lanes. One other 
brother is living at Savannah — Abram W. Harmon. 

The early education of Mr. Harmon was but a limited one, owing to 
the meagre school facilities that were available during and just follow- 
ing the war. He was a student in the private school of J. F. Cann for 
a short time, but the greater part of his education was self-acquired. 
Beginning life for himself he first went into the drug business, in which 
he was engaged for four years. He then became chief, clerk in charge 
of the wharf for the line of steamships between, Savannah and AVashing- 
ton and after some little time thus employed he went into the retail 
grocery business. He later engaged in the milling business, and con- 
ducted a rice and corn mill in Savannah. This latter venture proved 
to be most unprofitable, and upon getting clear of it he engaged in the 
brokerage business, and later in the rice trade. In about 1900 Mr. Har- 
mon became established in the insurance business, in which he has since 
been successfully engaged. He is agent for the Continental Fire Insur- 
ance Company of New York, also general agent for the Pacific Mutual 
Life Insurance Company of San Francisco, each of which ranks among 
the highest of its class in the United States, and in the years which have 
elapsed since first identifying himself with the insurance busines, he 
has proven himself in every way fitted to handle the line in a success- 
ful manner, and the results of his labors have been profitable and 
pleasant. 

Mr. Harmon is one of the directors of the Savannah Benevolent 
Association, and he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, being past 
master of Zerubbable lodge A. F. & A. M. and a Knights Templar. 

In 1893 Mr. Harmon was united in marriage with Mrs. Isaquene 
(Lythgoe) Parrot, who was born in South Carolina of English parent- 
age. Mr. Harmon has one son. Wayman Potter Harmon. 

Gordon Saussy. The legal profession of Savannah. Georgia, in- 
cludes among its members Gordon Saussy. who has been identified with 
the practice of law here for over fifteen years. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 641 

Mr. Saussy is a native of Savannah. He was born February 14, 
1872, son of Robert and Gertrude L. (Keller) Saussy. His father, also 
a native of Savannah, born Dec. 24, 1840, now lives near this city, at 
Bonna Bella in Chatham county. For several years he was actively and 
prominently connected with the Central Railroad of Georgia and the 
Ocean Steamship Company. He was a member of the Georgia Hussars 
before the war, and upon the beginning of the conflict between the 
states he volunteered as a private, and served as such with efficiency and 
fidelity. In February, 1863, he was promoted to second lieutenant of 
Company A of the Hussars. October 27, 1864, he was seriously wounded 
at the battle of Wilson's Farm, near Boydtown plank road, below Bur- 
gess Mill, Virginia, and was incapacitated thereby till the close of the 
war. From 1866 to 1898, he made his home in New York City, where 
he was engaged in railroad and steamship service, and in the latter 
year he returned to his old home in Georgia. As above stated, he is 
now a resident of Bonna Bella, near Savannah. 

Although born in Georgia, Gordon Saussy went to New York in early 
life and received his education there. He attended the College of the 
City of New York, and studied law in the law department of Cornell 
University, from which he was graduated in the class of 1896. That 
year he began the practice of his profession in Savannah, and here he 
has continued up to the present time. 

Newton J. Norman. One of the most conspicuous figures in the 
recent history of this part of Georgia is the well-known gentleman whose 
name introduces this review. An enumeration df the men of this part 
of the state who have won honor and public recognition for themselves 
and at the same time have honored the community in which they live 
would be incomplete without reference to Newton J. Norman, a lawyer 
of admirable ability and solicitor general of the Atlantic circuit, com- 
prising the five counties, viz. : Liberty, Bryan, Mcintosh, Effingham and 
Tattnall. 

Mr. Norman was born at Flemington, Liberty county, Georgia, Sep- 
tember 12, 1855, the son of Capt. William S. and Susan Lorenna (Stacey) 
Norman. The father was born at Walthourville, Liberty county, Georgia, 
February 26, 1822, and died August 15, 1878. He was a lawyer by 
profession, a graduate of the State University at Athens, with T. R. 
Cobb, Charles C. Jones and others whose names are associated promi- 
nently with Georgia history, and afterwards studied law under Joseph 
Wilkins and Win. B. Fleming. At the beginning of his law practice 
he removed from Walthourville to Hinesville, the county seat of Liberty 
county and situated about two miles from Flemington, and afterwards 
to Flemington. In addition to his professional interests he also became 
a large planter in Liberty county. At the beginning of the war he 
raised a company which was known as the Liberty Volunteers, becoming 
captain of the same and being stationed at Tybee island. After six 
months service his entire family were taken down with typhoid fever, 
which required his presence at home, and during which time his com- 
mand joined the army of Northern Virginia. As soon as his family 
was sufficiently recovered for him to take up duties again for the Con- 
federacy, he was appointed solicitor of revenue, under the Georgia Con- 
federate government, for the counties of Liberty and Bryan, which posi- 
tion he held with efficiency until the close of the war. Upon the termina- 
tion of the great conflict, he was elected judge of the county court of 
Liberty county, and after four years on the bench, he resumed the prac- 
tice of law, in which he continued actively until his death. Captain 
Norman, in addition to his high repute as a lawyer and jurist, was also 



642 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

a writer of note, both of prose and poetry; his literary qualifications 
being of particularly high order. He was a member pf and active par- 
ticipant of the affairs of old Midway church in Liberty county, the 
oldest and most historic church organization in Georgia. The subject's 
mother was likewise a native of Walthourville. She survived her hus- 
band for five years, her demise occurring on August 15, 1883. The 
family has long been established in this part of the South. Mr. Norman's 
paternal grandfather was William Norman, who was also a native of 
Liberty county, as was also the great grandfather, William Norman. 
The great-great-grandfather, also named William, was born in Dor- 
chester, South Carolina and removed from that place to Midway, Georgia, 
March 22, 1771. 

Newton J. Norman has passed his entire life in the state. He was 
reared and educated in Liberty county, one of the schools he attended 
being Bradwell Institute at Hinesville. He studied law under Judge 
John L. Harden and was admitted to the bar of Liberty county in 
1894. Since that time he has maintained his residence and law practice 
at Flemington, but for several years has had a law office in Savannah, 
where he has his winter residence. He has occupied several public posi- 
tions of importance and trust. In 1888, he was elected a member of the 
board of county commissioners of Liberty county. He resigned from 
that position to become a candidate for the state legislature, to which 
he was elected in 1890, serving one term. In the exciting race for 
United States senator, between Gen. John B. Gordon and Thomas 
M. Norwood, in that session of the legislature, it was Mr. Norman's 
vote, as will be recalled, that elected General Gordon to the senate. 

Following this he was re-elected to membership on the board of 
county commissioners of Liberty county, but before his term expired he 
resigned as such and was elected in December, 1900 to fill an unexpired 
term as solicitor of the Liberty County court ; at the end of this term 
he was elected to the position for a full term. In October, 1906, he was 
elected to his present position, solicitor general of the Atlantic circuit, 
and in 1910, he was re-elected to this position for another term of four 
years. He is one of the lawyers of whom Savannah is justly proud, 
his usefulness to the city and to the profession which he so greatly adorns 
being of the most definite sort. In addition to his duties as solicitor 
general, Mr. Norman has a general civil practice in courts other than 
his own. 

Mr. Norman's wife before her marriage was Miss Minnie Box, who 
was born in Hampton county. South Carolina. They have three interest- 
ing children : Tola, Sarah Lorenna and Newton J. Norman. Jr. 

Mr. Norman took a leading part in the reorganization of the old 
Midway church and in the re-establishment of regular religious seiwiees 
there after an interval of many years. At the meeting in which this 
reorganization took place he was elected president of the board of select- 
men of the church and he has continued to take an active leading part 
in the affairs of that historic organization. Honored and l'espected by 
the people of both city and county, he enjoys a large measure of public 
esteem, not only for his professional achievements, but also for his 
worthy standing in the domain of private citizenship. 

Daniel Remsitart THOMAS. Mr, Thomas was born in Savannah 
August 27. 1843; He is a son of the late John T. Thomas, whose grand- 
parents were among the French Huguenots who arrived in Charleston 
about the middle of the last century, while his maternal ancestors were 
Sal/burgers and among the early settlers of the colony of Georgia. 

As a child, a delicate constitution and imperfect sight interfered 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 643 

with Mr. Thomas' education. In 1862 he enlisted in the Confederate, 
army with the Tattnall Guards, First Volunteer Regiment of Georgia. 
After a prolonged sickness he was, on the recommendation of the post 
surgeon and his commanding officer, detailed for duty at district head- 
quarters and in the war tax office. His services in this position were 
mostly of a clerical nature and were performed with such exactness 
and efficiency as to win the highest commendation. 

Soon after the close of the war Mr. Thomas began business as an in- 
surance agent in Macon, where he remained until March, 1866. From 
Macon he returned to Savannah, and in July of the same year became 
associated with Capt. D. G. Purse (now deceased), in the commission, 
fertilizer and coal business, which, by the application of close and undi- 
vided attention, soon became large and profitable. In December, 1878, 
the firm of Purse & Thomas was dissolved, Mr. Thomas continuing in 
the coal trade. 

In 1874, his sight having become so impaired and his suffering so 
great, Mr. Thomas sought the aid of an oculist and an optician, from 
which he obtained such relief and benefit as to greatly change his life 
and interest him in what was transpiring about him, especially with 
reference to public affairs in Savannah. In the compromise made by 
the city with the bondholders he took an active interest. In December, 
1878, upon the organization of the Sinking Fund Commission, a new 
department of the municipal government of Savannah, Mr. Thomas was 
elected an original member of this commission and served as its secre- 
tary until January, 1883, when he resigned to accept the office of alder- 
man, to which he was elected in that year. After serving six years in 
the council, he was in 1891 re-elected a member of and secretary of the 
Sinking Fund Commission, serving at that time six and a half years, 
after which he was again elected a member of the city council. 

Mr. Thomas served the city with great usefulness as an alderman, 
under the administrations of Mayors Lester, Meldrim and Myers, for a 
period of thirteen and a half years. He was a member of the sanitary 
commission, making a thorough study of the city's system of sewerage 
and house drainage. He has long been known as one of the best posted 
authorities on these matters, and his advice, embodying the practical 
results of his knowledge thereof, has been considered of much value by 
each city administration. He was an active member and at various times 
chairman of several important committees of the council, including those 
on accounts, finance, streets and lanes, city lots and opening of streets. 
As chairman of the special committees on city extension and house 
drainage he took a very lively interest. In appreciation of his services 
to the city of Savannah Thomas park was named in his honor. 

As treasurer of the committee for the relief of the sufferers by the 
Yamacraw fire, Mr. Thomas devoted a great deal of time to that benefi- 
cent work. 

During the period that Mr. Thomas was a member of the council, 
no alderman was better acquainted with the affairs of the city than he. 
It is doubtful if the city ever had a public servant with such a thor- 
ough grasp of its varied affairs as had Mr. Thomas, nor one who so ably 
discharged his duties. The amount of money he has saved the city in 
various ways could hardly be estimated. 

Fully a year before the expiration of Mayor Lester's last term, 
public sentiment apparently crystalized about Mr. Thomas as the best 
and most available successor. At a convention of the Democratic club 
held in Masonic hall January 4, 1889, Mr. Thomas was nominated for 
mayor, another candidate having been in the field for more than a 
month. The election came on in a few days and was a close one, Mr. 



644 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Thomas being defeated. The following strong -endorsement of him is 
from an editorial in the Morning News appearing during that cam- 
paign: "Mr. Thomas is a man of fine business qualifications. He has 
proven himself to be one of the most competent and progressive coun- 
cil men the city has ever had. The greater part of the improvements 
that have been made during the last few years is the result of his earn- 
est, consistent and conscientious efforts. He may not have pleased 
everybody, but he has done so much better than most of those who 
preceded him in his present position, that those who have been disposed 
to find fault have not found willing listeners. He is economical and 
careful. ' ' 

Many of the large incorporated institutions of Savannah have re- 
ceived the benefit of the sound judgment and practical suggestions of 
Mr. Thomas. He has served as director of railroad companies, banks, 
investment companies and such enterprises as have contributed materi- 
ally in building up the city. The Brush Electric Light & Power Com- 
pany, which was succeeded by the Savannah Electric Company, and 
De Soto Hotel each received substantial support and liberal subscriptions 
from Mr. Thomas. In the former company he served as vice-president 
for many years. He was a director in the old Savannah & Western 
Railroad Company and in the Citizens' Bank, and is now a director in 
the Savannah Investment Company, and he is still a director of the 
Savannah Hotel Company, which built and owns and operates the 
De Soto Hotel. In 1910, after a service of thirty-one years in the vari- 
ous offices, including that of president, of the Union Society, Mr. Thomas 
retired, and is thus the only ex-president of that charity. By length 
of service, he is the senior ruling elder of the Independent Presbyterian 
church. Though no longer in public office, he is still keenly interested 
in all the important activities of the city, and, as in former years, his 
advice and counsels are sought in municipal affairs and in business 
matters. 

Mr. Thomas was married in 1867 to Miss Jennie Manget of Marietta, 
Georgia, who still shares the fortunes of his life. They have two living 
children, Mrs. John A. Robeson and John Murehison Thomas. The 
latter has been a member of the firm of D. R. Thomas & Son since 1892. 
This firm, which was organized May 13, 1892, with father and son as 
senior and junior members, is one of the large and successful establish- 
ments of its kind in Savannah, carrying on an extensive coal trade. Mr. 
Thomas has taken the York rites in Masonry, being a member of Pales- 
tine commandery. 

AVilliam F. McCauley. The banking interests of a community are 
so important to its prosperity, that to a large degree the outside world 
passes judgment according to the proved stability of its financial institu- 
tions and the personality of those who direct their policies. Among the 
old and substantial banks of Savannah, Georgia, the Savannah Bank 
& Trust Company occupies a foremost place, and as its able, alert, experi- 
enced and resourceful president.' William F. McCauley is numbered 
with the leading financiers of the state. 

William F. McCauley was born at Savannah. Georgia, and is a son 
of William J. and Susan (Timmons) McCauley. The father was of 
Irish ancestry but was born in South Carolina, and his death occurred 
during the boyhood of his son, William F. The mother still lives in her 
native city, Savannah. A fatherless boy has many drawbacks to contend 
with, especially when self-support is a necessity in early youth, but, on 
the other hand, this necessary effort is often a spur that arouses ambi- 
tion and stirs up energy that results in a self-dependence that is the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 645 

very foundation stone of business success. His education was secured 
in the Savannah schools. During his youth and early manhood he was 
connected with maritime affairs and was in the tug boat business, subse- 
quently acquiring the proprietorship of a business of his own in this line 
in the harbor of his native city and continued until he became identified 
with the Chatham Bank as its cashier, which position he resigned in 
1898. In 1900 he became cashier of the Savannah Bank & Trust Com- 
pany, subsequently its vice-president and in 1906 assumed the presi- 
dency and the active management of this financial institution. 

The Savannah Bank & Trust Company was founded in 1869, and 
enjoys the confidence of the entire financial field. Its original capital 
was $100,000, while at present, its capital, surplus and undivided profits 
amount to over $1,200,000. In January, 1912, the bank inoved into its 
new building, situated at the corner of Bull and Bryan streets, Savannah. 
This handsome structure, fifteen stories high, fire-proof, and modern in 
every particular, was erected by the company which occupies the entire 
main floor, the whole of which is elegantly fitted for its accommodation 
and with every known convenience and safety appliance to ensure the 
rapid and satisfactory transaction of an immense banking business. To 
the completion of this handsome building Mr. McCauley has devoted 
much attention, having realized for some time that the old quarters 
were inadequate, and he is justly pleased to have so beautiful a home 
for the bank, the affairs of which he has so successfully guided for a 
number of years. While giving the larger part of his time to the bank, 
Mr. McCauley has not neglected his duties as a citizen and for a long 
period has been one of the dependable public men of Savannah, serving 
since 1906 as a member of the board of aldermen and in other positions 
where his public spirit and business sense have been particularly benefi- 
cial. 

Hubert O. Young. The material growth and improvement of the 
city of Savannah, Georgia, have felt the influence of an active factor in 
the person of Hubert O. Young, contractor and builder, 518 West 40th 
street. 

Mr. Young is a native of Oglethorpe, Macon county, Georgia, and was 
born in 1868, son of George T. and Muschogia (Draughton) Young, both 
deceased. George T. Young was born in Columbia, South Carolina, but 
when a boy came with his parents to Georgia, their settlement being in 
Macon county, where he was reared. His wife was a native of Georgia. 

On his father's farm Hubert O. passed his boyhood and youth, 
with very meagre educational advantage. At the age of twenty- 
one years, he began to work at the carpenter's trade in Macon, with R. 
C. Wilder Sons, with whom he remained two years. Then he entered 
the ear shops of the Central of Georgia Railway, at Macon, where he 
spent four years, and in that time thoroughly learned every detail of the 
car builder's trade. On leaving the car shops in June, 1891, he came to 
Savannah, which has since been his home. Here his initial work was as 
a journeyman on the Guckenheimer building on West Bay street, under 
John R. Eason, contractor. For ten years he worked as a journeyman, 
and during the ten years he also took a two years' course of mechanical 
and architectural drawing at the Y. M. C. A., Savannah, Georgia. Mean- 
while he took a course in architectural and mechanical drawing, under 
the direction of the International Correspondence School of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, and thus fitted himself for enlarging his efforts and going 
into business for himself. In 1903 he began business as a contractor 
and builder on his own account, without a dollar of capital, but with 
the ability to borrow money based upon a well-earned reputation for 
honesty and good workmanship. 



646 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

His business has constantly grown until he has become a man of 
ample resources financially and with valuable property interests in 
Savannah. Unlike many contractors, he has never had financial reverses ; 
on the contrary, his business each year has shown an increase in volume 
and in profit over the preceding year. He has erected some of the most 
important buildings in the city, prominent among which may be men- 
tioned the cigar factory of the Lee Roy Myers Company, at the corner 
of Bryan and Abercorn streets, completed in the early part of 1912. This 
is one of the handsomest and most substantial cigar factories in the 
South, and was erected at a cost of $30,000. Another large contract 
that he carried out was the building of the complete plant of the Virginia- 
Carolina Chemical Company, one of the largest industrial plants in Sa- 
vannah. He built the addition to the office building of the Central of 
Georgia Railway in Savannah. He constructed the substantial building on 
Drayton street owned and occupied by Henderson Bros., undertaker's. 
At the time of the burning of the store of the Daniel Hogan Company 
on West Broughton street, Mr. Young was immediately engaged to 
rebuild it in the quickest possible time, which he accomplished by ener- 
getic work and the employment of extra forces of workmen and fore- 
men. He also reconstructed the interior of the building formerly occu- 
pied by the Savannah Bank and Trust Company on Bay and Drayton 
streets. He built the fine residence of Mrs. John G. Butler at the corner 
of Montgomery and 36th streets, completed in the early part of 1912. 

The uninterrupted success and progress of Mr. Young's business 
are attributable to his thorough knowledge of every phase of building 
construction and his promptness in carrying out his contracts : and 
to his integrity and square dealing in every transaction. This has earned 
for him high standing among the banks and business houses, who extend 
to him credit without question, whenever he desires it. In his work 
Mr. Young pays attention to the smallest detail, and in making his esti- 
mates for bidding on a contract he figures on the cost of all items sepa- 
rately and with accuracy, which enables him always to steer clear of 
possible loss. He has more than once been awarded contracts over bids 
that were less than his. 

Since coming to Savannah, Mr. Young married Miss Lottie Eaton, 
who was born and reared in this city. 

Fraternally, Mr. Young is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias, having 
membership in Clinton Lodge, No. 54, F. & A. M., and Myrtle Lodge, 
No. 6, K. ol P. 

Hon. Henry McAlpin. A man particularly well fitted for impor- 
tant judicial position is the Hon. Henry McAlpin, judge of the court of 
ordinary, whose record for efficiency and judicial bearing has won the 
admiration of the entire Savannah bar. He was born in Savannah, the 
scion of families who have for several generations given splendid citizen- 
ship to the city and state and Georgia has no more loyal son than he. 
The year of his birth was 1860 and he is the son of James "Wallace 
and Maria Sophia (Champion) McAlpin. both of whom were natives of 
Savannah and both of whom are deceased. The paternal grandfather. 
Henry McAlpin, was a native of Scotland who came to Savannah in 1805 
and ever since that date the name McAlpin has been a prominent and 
honored one within its boundaries. On his mother's side. Mr. McAlpin 
is a great-grandson of Reuben Champion, who, at the age of fifteen 
enlisted in the Continental army and served until the close of the Revo- 
lutionary war. his demise occurring in 1832. He was the son of Dr. 
Reuben Champion, wh.0 was a surgeon in the Continental army and 
who died in 1777 while on duty at Fort Ticonderoga. Judge McAlpin 's 





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SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 647 

maternal grandfather was Aaron Champion, who came to Savannah in 
1812. Thus on both side of the house, the scene of a century's history 
has been laid in this city. The subject resides in the noted homestead, 
"The Hermitage," which is situated on the Savannah river, about two 
miles west of the city and which was built by his grandfather, Henry 
McAlpin. This stately old residence with its beautiful grounds and sur- 
roundings, is one of the show places of Savannah and one of the most 
celebrated in the South. It has been the scene of many notable gather- 
ings, and in its time has entertained beneath its roof many of the socially 
and intellectually prominent. It has been the home of the MeAlpins since 
the early '30s. 

Judge McAlpin received the advantage of the best of educational 
facilities, first attending the schools of Savannah and then matriculating 
in Princeton University, New Jersey, from which famous institution he 
was graduated in the class of 1881. Following this he studied law in the 
law department of Columbia University, New York City, and also pur- 
sued his preparation for the profession of which he was to become an 
ornament in the law department of the University of Georgia at Athens, 
graduating from the latter institution with the degree of LL. B. in the 
class of 1883. In 1884 he began practice in Savannah and from the 
first has encountered success and has won an enviable reputation in the 
field in which have been his endeavors. In 1901 he was elected judge of 
the court of ordinary of Chatham, and this position he still holds, hav- 
ing been re-elected at each succeeding election, every four years. Under 
his administration Chatham county has won the reputation of possess- 
ing the best ordinary's office in the state of Georgia. This court has 
jurisdiction in all probate matters and litigation in connection with 
the settlement of estates. Judge McAlpin is especially well fitted for 
the adjudication of these important matters and his decisions have a 
remarkable record from the standpoint of non-reversal by the higher 
courts. His efficiency and ability as an ordinary are supplemented by 
a highly capable office force that keep everything systematically arranged, 
filed and indexed, in modern business method, making everything of 
easy convenience, not only to the office, but to the attorneys and others 
having matters to look up in connection with estates and litigation in 
connection therewith. 

Judge McAlpin is a thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Mason, and 
a Shriner. He is also prominent in Odd Fellowship, being Past Grand 
Master of (ieorgia. He also belongs to the Elks, the Knights of Pythias, 
and is president of the local lodge of Eagles. He is a member of the 
Oglethorpe Club, the Yacht Club and is an ex-captain of the Georgia 
Hussars. In addition to his official duties, he has other interests of wide 
scope and importance. 

Judge McAlpin has one daughter, Mrs. Claudia Thomas (McAlpin) 
Whitney. She is the daughter of his first wife, whose maiden name was 
Claudia Thomas, who was a native of Athens, Georgia, and whose demise 
occurred in Savannah in May, 1908. His second wife, who, before her 
marriage, was Miss Isabelle Wilbur, was born in South Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Raymond Victor Harris, M. D. The life of the city physician and 
surgeon in these modern days is one of unceasing activity. Modern 
methods and the high speed with which civilization pursues its relent- 
less way, make demands upon the time and energy of the physician 
greater, perhaps, than upon men in any other profession. The extent 
to which specialization is pushed, the deep study required to keep abreast 
of the discoveries of the age and the everlasting call of the suffering 
public, all combine to sap the vitality of the most rugged. 



648 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

But as modern days are strenuous, so the modern man has something 
of power in his makeup which works hest under pressure, Dr. Raymond 
Victor Harris, one of the distinguished young physicians of Savannah, 
is a modern instance of a man well equipped to handle the responsibili- 
ties of high medical positions. He is the son of one of the state's most 
noted physicians and comes of a fine, sturdy and capable race. The 
Harris's to which he belongs are a famous family in American history 
and it is notable for having kept up its vigor and high standing during 
all generations to the present. They are a stalwart race, usually not 
under six feet tall and though sometimes lacking in finished acquired 
scholarship, their natural intellectual gifts, added to inherited physical 
strength, have made them always leaders. They have been notably suc- 
cessful in politics and in the professions. They are of Celtic origin, and 
the branch from which Dr. Harris' family is descended was established 
in America by Henry Harris, who came from Wales in 1691 and obtained 
a grant of land at Mannikentown, Virginia. His immediate ancestor, 
his great grandfather, Nathan Harris, was born in Brunswick county, 
Virginia. His grandfather, Dr. Raymond Harris, established the family 
in Georgia. 

Dr. Harris is a native Georgian, his birth having occurred at Darien, 
Mcintosh county, October 6, 1880. He is the son of Dr. Raymond B. 
and Ophelia (Dasher) Harris. The mother is still living in Savannah, 
an admirable lady, secure in the respect of the community. The father 
died in this city May 15, 1910, but his value as a citizen and his high 
professional prestige will not soon be forgotten. Dr. Harris, the elder, 
was born at Palmero, Bryan county, Georgia, May 15, 1838. He studied 
medicine in the Savannah Medical College, from which institution he 
graduated in the class of 1859. When a few years later the long gather- 
ing Civil war cloud broke in all its fury, he became a surgeon in the 
Confederate army, his connection being with the Fifty-seventh Georgia 
Regiment of Infantry, and his service continued throughout the four 
years of strife. After the war he practiced medicine in Liberty county 
until 1876, in which year he located at Dai'ien in Mcintosh county, 
where he practiced until 1884, when he removed to Savannah. In 
October, 1880, he was elected to the Georgia state senate by a very small 
majority, the fight being a three-cornered one, and Dr. Harris having 
not one, but two opponents. He was alderman for two terms, from 
1889 to 1895, under mayors Schwarz and McDonough ; was a member 
of the board of sanitary commissioners, and fought the yellow fever 
epidemic of 1876. He was instrumental in building the crematory and 
also built the quarantine station while alderman, and seven years later 
sold to the government for $50,000 cash. As alderman, the doctor was 
chairman of the public health committee. 

He owned and resided in a beautiful home, "Melrose," on LaRoche 
avenue, and the family were prominent in the social life of the city. 
He was a prominent member of the Georgia and the American Medical 
Associations and he continued actively in the work of his profession in 
Savannah until 1904, when he retired, his demise occurring some six 
years later, as recorded above. 

Dr. Raymond B. Harris was a man of great ability and of striking 
individuality. He was of that type of man who, without effort, makes 
friends everywhere. In his size, physical make-up, mental qualities and 
in everything that goes to make a big, strong, broad-minded man of the 
widest sympathies. Dr. Harris was gifted by nature. Everywhere he 
inspired confidence, admiration and affection. During his life he was 
honored by many positions of trust; he served one year as chief surgeon 
of the United Confederate Veterans by election at the annual reunion 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 649 

at New Orleans, and served in this position during the same year that 
Gen. Clement A. Evans was commander-in-chief. He had two brothers, 
who, also were physicians, — Dr. Stephen Harris and Dr. Columbus Har- 
ris, the former dying from yellow fever contracted in the great epidemic 
in Savannah in 1859 and the latter 's death occurring from the same 
cause in the epidemic of 1876. 

Dr. Harris, in identifying himself with the profession to which he 
is an ornament, is but following in the footsteps of his forbears, and 
although his career has as yet been brief, he gives promise of sharing 
their distinction. He received his professional training in the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, in Baltimore, and graduated with the class of 
1903. He subsequently spent one year in the University of Maryland 
hospital and practiced for over a year in Baltimore. At his father's 
request he came back to Savannah in 1907, and began the practice of 
medicine in this city, having a general practice in medicine and surgery 
and holding the office of city physician. He is a member of all those 
organizations having as their object the advancement and unification 
of the profession, namely : The Chatham County, Georgia State and 
American Medical Associations, and he is the physician and surgeon 
for the Savannah base ball club of the South Atlantic League. 

Dr. Harris was married on the 6th day of January, 1910, the young 
woman to become his wife being Miss Flora Middlebrooks, a daughter of 
Thomas E. Middlebrooks, of Oconee county, Georgia. 

William B. Stillwell. A native son of Georgia, and a member of 
a distinguished Southern family, members of which have won eminence 
in the various walks of life, William B. Stillwell, son of Savannah, is a 
worthy representative of the best type of American citizenship, and dur- 
ing a long and honorable career has been identified with business enter- 
prises of wide scope and importance, and has lent his influence to various 
movements in civic and social life. A brief outline of Mr. Stillwell 's 
ancestry seems appropriate in a history of this nature. Nicholas Still- 
well, the first of the name to land in America, brought to the aid of the 
infant colonies an iron will and mighty arm, and his descendants, settling 
North, South, East and West, have won enviable distinction in the pur- 
suits of peace as well as in the art of war, many today occupying promi- 
nent positions in the army, in the national guard, and in the great 
enterprises and industries of the nation. 

In direct line of descent from Nicholas Stillwell, his grandson, Maj. 
Thomas Stillwell, and great-grandson, John Stillwell, who won distinc- 
tion during the Revolution, came Charles H. Stillwell, who, in addition 
to the spirit of his forefathers, was fortunate enough to inherit from 
his mother, a Huguenot of the South Carolina Colony, the spirit which 
animated the French martyrs. To him, although always beset by diffi- 
culties and adversity and twice made a cripple, the last time for life, the 
state of Georgia is indebted for nine sons and one daughter, who have 
worthily illustrated in their various vocations the indomitable energy, 
peerless courage and Christian faith which characterized their sire. 

William Stillwell, one of the sons thus endowed, though starting with- 
out a dollar, amid confusion which follows in the wake of civil strife, 
has won both means and position even in a business which requires as 
much capital and individual effort for its successful prosecution as the 
lumber trade. He was born in Rome, Georgia, March 11, 1851, and his 
name is not quite half way down the official register of family births 
which must have overflowed the record pages in the old family Bible, for 
there were sixteen children. At the close of the war between the states, 
ten of these were living, nine boys and one girl, four boys older than 
William having seen service under the Confederate flag. 



650 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

The family, which had during the war period "refugeed" pretty 
much all over the state, moved back to Rome at the close of hostilities, 
and William received his first experience in sawmill operations in an 
upright sawmill operated by his father, whom he assisted as yard man 
and general utility man. In February, 1866, he went into the employ 
of Milieu & Wadley, at Savannah, Georgia, which firm afterward became 
Millen, Wadley & Company, by the admission of D. C. Bacon as junior 
partner. In 1876 Messrs. Bacon and Stillwell formed the firm of D. C. 
Bacon & Company, Mr. H. P. Smart being afterward admitted to this 
firm. The firm formed and operated a number of other companies, 
including the Vale Royal Manufacturing Company, the Atlanta Lum- 
ber Company, the Central Georgia Lumber Company, Screven County 
Lumber Company, and Amoskeag Lumber Company, Mr. Stillwell being 
for several years president of the last named company, as well as an 
officer in all of the others. 

Mr. Stillwell was one of the organizers of the Savannah Board of 
Trade in 1883, and for two years was its vice-president, and later for 
two years its president ; he was also a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce at its inception. He was one of the organizers and a mem- 
ber of the first board of directors of the Citizens' Bank, which, being 
merged with the Southern Bank in 1906, became the Citizens and South- 
ern Bank. Mr. Stillwell was one of the promoters in the building of 
the South Bound Railroad and a director of the construction company 
which built it. 

In 1887 the firm of D. C. Bacon & Company was dissolved and the 
firm of Stillwell, Millen & Company was established, with headquarters 
at Savannah ; and L. R. Millen & Company of New York City, consist- 
ing of William B. Stillwell, Loring R. Millen and L. Johnson ; R. H. 
and W. R. Bewick being admitted several years later. The firm owned 
and operated the Screven County Lumber Company, the Central Georgia 
Lumber Company and the Augusta Lumber Company, and also built 
and operated the Waycross Air Line Railroad and the Millen & Southern 
Railroad. In all of these companies Mr. Stillwell held official positions 
and was president of the Waycross Lumber Company. 

In 1895 the lumber business of Stillwell, Millen & Company, L. R. 
Millen & Company, McDonough & Company, the James K. Clarke Lum- 
ber Company, Henry P. Talmadge and C. C. Southard, was consolidated 
into the Southern Pine Company of Georgia, and Mr. Stillwell became 
secretary and treasurer of the company, which position he has held 
continously since that time. Besides the prominent part taken by Mr. 
Stillwell in the city and state civic and business organizations, he sug- 
gested and was the main factor in the formation of the National Lumber 
Manufacturers Association, of which he is vice-president. By means of 
his position as a director in the National Rivers and Harbors Congress, 
and his connection for years and finally serving as the highest official of 
the National Hoo Hoo organization, Mr. Stillwell has a wide range of 
influential friends and acquaintances who have served him and the city 
in good stead when he has been called upon to represent Savannah and 
work for her interests. He took a prominent part in the securing of 
the government appropriation which gave deep water to Savannah — 
the city's greatest asset. 

Mr. Stillwell has also been prominently connected with the military, 
fraternal and social organizations of the city ; in fact in all the com- 
mendable activities and enterprises of Savannah he has given freely of 
his time and much unselfish personal service. He has always been 
actively at work for Savannah and South Georgia : he is really one man 
who seems to think of himself last of all. He is a member of the Baptist 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 651 

church and belongs to many social and fraternal orders, among which 
are the Elks, Masons and the higher degrees of the latter order, being/ 
a Knight Templar and a Shriner. He served for twenty years as a 
member of the historic Chatham artillery, and is now an honorary 
member of the corps, is also a life member of the Savannah Volunteer 
Guards and a pay member of the Savannah Cadets. 

In 1875, Mr. Stillwell was united in marriage to Miss Mary Reily 
Royal, of the well known Carolina family of that name. They have three 
daughters, as follows: Edith, now Mrs. W. F. Train; Mamie R.. now 
Mrs. James Tift Mann, and Laleah P.; and three sons: William H., 
Herbert L. and Walter B. Stillwell. 

James G. Thomas, M. D. For many years one of the more promi- 
nent and able physicians of Savannah, the late James G. Thomas, M. D., 
acquired distinction not only for his superior professional knowledge 
and skill, but for his public-spirited, utilitarian and philanthropic bene- 
factions. He was born June 24, 1835, in Bloomfield, Kentucky, and 
was there reared, acquiring a part of his early education in a monas- 
tery near that town. Beginning the study of medicine in Louisville, 
Kentucky, in the school of which the late Samuel D. Gross was the 
head, he later matriculated in the medical department of the University 
of the City of New York, being there graduated with the class of 1856. 

Dr. Thomas began the practice of his profession at Bloomfield, 
Kentucky, his birthplace, but subsequently went to Mississippi, locating 
near Sardis, where he remained until the outbreak of the Civil war. 
Entering then the Confederate army as a surgeon, his duties in that 
capacity brought him to Savannah, Georgia, and here he continued in 
service until the occupation of the city by Sherman's army, when he 
left Savannah with the evacuating forces, and was thenceforward sta- 
tioned in the Carolinas until the close of the conflict. 

Returning to Savannah in 1865, Dr. Thomas resumed his labors as 
a physician and surgeon, attaining in due course of time the highest 
rank in his profession, and being rewarded by a very large general 
practice. An industrious worker and a deep student, the doctor kept 
pace with the latest discoveries in medical science, and had the distinc- 
tion of being the very first physician in Georgia to make use of the 
thermometer in fever cases. He was especially active in promoting 
public hygiene, sanitation and drainage, and the health of the com- 
munity. Vigilant and self-sacrificing in his services during the yellow 
fever epidemic of 1876, he contracted the disease himself just as the 
epidemic was nearing its close. 

In 1875 and 1876 Dr. Thomas served through the sessions of the 
Georgia legislature, this apparent divergence from the line of his 
chosen vocation having been made by him in obedience to a sense of 
public duty, and in compliance with the earnest solicitations of emi- 
nent citizens, who desired to send to the legislature a public-spirited 
physician who would take the lead in procuring the enactment of laws 
relating to hygiene. He took an important part in the preparation 
and passage, in the session of 1875, of the "Act to create a state board 
of health for the protection of life and health, and to prevent the spread 
of disease in Georgia." A measure which the doctor there introduced 
for adopting a system of compiling and recording vital statistics was 
passed, but through lack of appropriation was never carried into effect. 

On December 14, 1881, a Citizens' Sanitary Association, looking to 
the improvement of public health through the united efforts of private 
individuals, was organized in Savannah, and Dr. Thomas, who had 



652 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

strongly urged its creation, was elected its first president, and held the 
position until his death. He was one of the originators of the interna- 
tional medical congress, and was one of the two physicians appointed 
from the South to attend the conference held in Washington, District 
of Columbia, in 1884. It was while attending this conference in "Wash- 
ington, that the sudden death of Dr. Thomas occurred, December 6, 
1884. The passing away of Dr. Thomas, just in the midst of a busy 
and useful life, was an event of universal regret and mourning in 
Savannah, his family and friends being deprived of a grand nature, 
while the city was bereft of a public benefactor. 

Dr. Thomas married, in 1865, in Savannah, Margaret Owens, a 
daughter of George W. and Sarah (Wallace) Owens, both representa- 
tives of old and honored Savannah families. Her father, a native of 
Savannah, was a son of Owen Owens, who emigrated from "Wales to 
Savannah soon after the close of the Revolutionary war. Her mother, 
Sarah Wallace, was a daughter of John and Mary (Anderson) "Wallace, 
the said John Wallace, a native of Scotland, having served as British 
consul in Savannah years ago, while the Andersons have lived in the 
city since 1763. 

Mrs. Thomas has two daughters, namely : Miss Mary B. Thomas 
and Miss Margaret G. Thomas. 

Dr. Thomas was for some time a prominent member of the American 
Health Association, and of the National Board of Health. He was 
ever among the foremost in the establishment of philanthropical move- 
ments, being always willing to do the work of the humanitarian, and to 
turn aside even from the most congenial occupations of home life, and 
the routine of daily practice, to perform a worthy act of public duty, 
being not only a physician, but a patriot. 

Charles H. Dorsett, engaged in the real estate and auction busi- 
ness and president of the Peoples' Savings & Loan Company, is a man 
whose life has been of unceasing activity and perseverance and the 
systematic and honorable methods which he has followed have won him 
the unbounded confidence of his fellow citizens in Savannah. In 1876 
he became established in his present business, which he has ever since 
conducted. This is one of the oldest established institutions of its kind 
in Savannah. Among his other distinctions, Mr. Dorsett is a gallant 
ex-soldier, and he finds no small amount of pleasure and profit in renew- 
ing the old comradeship with those who carried arms with him in the 
troublous days of the '60s. 

Mr. Dorsett is a native son of the city and one of those who have 
paid it the greatest compliment within their power by electing to 
remain permanently within its borders. He is the son of John and 
Sarah R. (Fletcher) Dorsett. His father was born in New York City 
and came to Savannah as early as 1839. He was a ship builder by 
occupation and had a large shipyard on the Savannah river. At the 
age of eleven months the subject had the misfortune to lose his father, 
but his mother survived her husband for many years, her summons 
to the Great Beyond occurring in 1893. Through his mother. Mr. Dor- 
sett comes of an older Southern family ; this admirable lady was born 
in Georgia and her parents were natives of South Carolina. 

Young Charles was reared in Savannah and in its schools received 
his education. At the outbreak of the war between the states he was 
only in his teens, but his heart was with the cause of the South, and 
he believed in the supreme right of the states to sever their connection 
with the national government. As soon as possible he enlisted and 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 653 

during the latter part of the war was a member of Shellman's battalion, 
which was in service in Savannah and vicinity. For some years after' 
the affair at Appomattox he was engaged in various occupations, but in 
1876, as previously mentioned, he inaugurated his present real estate 
and auction business. Besides the agency business Mr. Dorsett is the 
owner of substantial property interests in Savannah and for more than 
twenty years he has been president of the Peoples' Savings & Loan 
Society, which makes loans on real estate and is well and favorably 
known to business men of the Forest city. 

Mr. Dorsett is of sufficient social proclivity to find pleasure in his 
fraternal relations, and he enjoys membership in DeKalb lodge of Odd 
Fellows and of Landrum lodge of Masons. He was for one term a mem- 
ber of the board of county commissioners of Chatham county. He is 
intelligent and progressive and has the respect of the community in 
which he is so well known and in which his interests have always been 
centered. 

Mr. Dorsett laid the foundations of a happy married life by his 
union in the year 1869, to Miss Josephine Frances Gross, of this city, 
where their nuptials were celebrated. They have one daughter, Mrs. 
J. E. D. Bacon, of Savannah. 

Mongin Baker Nichols, auditor of traffic with the Central of 
Georgia Railway Company, at Savannah, Georgia, has been a resident 
of this city since his birth. In his association with business life he has 
been connected with but the one company with which he now is and he 
has filled numerous positions in the years that have intervened since he 
first took service with this company in 1892, beginning in the more 
humble capacity of stenographer and advancing constantly until he 
was promoted in 1907 to his present position. 

Born in Savannah in 1874, Mongin Baker Nichols is the son of 
George Nicoll and Minnie (Mongin) Nichols. The father was born in 
Savannah and here lived all his life. He was identified with the print- 
ing and stationery business for a long period of years. He retired 
from active business in 1898, and died on April 13, 1905. Mr. Nichols 
was a member of the board of aldermen of Savannah on various occa- 
sions, serving several years in that capacity. Left an orphan at an 
early age, he made the best of every opportunity that presented itself 
at his door. He was the son of Abram Nichols, a native of New Jersey, 
and who in early life came to the southland and settled in Savannah. 
Abram Nichols was the first port warden of Savannah, was a member of 
the first board of fire commissioners, and was the commander of a mos- 
quito fleet, fitted out in Savannah, and sent to Tybee island during the 
"War of 1812 to protect Savannah from an invasion by the British fleet. 
He was the father of two sons and one daughter, George Nicoll Nichols, 
being the eldest son and the younger Edward Tattnall Nichols, who died 
in 1888, having achieved the rank of rear admiral of the United States 
navv. 

The wife of George Nicoll Nichols and the mother of Mongin Baker 
Nichols of this review, was born in South Carolina, of Huguenot ances- 
try, and is still living in Savannah. Her family removed to Savannah 
in her early life and she was married to Mr. Nichols in 1872. Her 
mother was Eliza (Maner) Mongin, the daughter of Ruth (Stafford) 
Maner, who was the daughter of Col. William Stafford, the great- 
great-grandfather of the subject of this review. William Stafford was 
lieutenant colonel of a regiment of South Carolina troops in the War 
of the Revolution, in command at Black Swamp, near the Savannah 



654 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

river. The Mongin family, on the paternal side, is related in earlier 
generations to several famous characters, among them being Jonathan 
Edwards, an early president of Princeton University, and Phillipo Martin 
Angelo, an Italian refugee, who had been a soldier in the Vatican Guards. 
Mongin Baker Nichols is one of the five children of his parents. The 
others are : William N. ; Fenwick T. ; Oliver S. ; E. Mdntyre, and 
Minnie S. Nichols. • 

Mongin Baker Nichols was reared in Savannah and has lived in this 
city all his life. He was educated in private schools of the city, and in 
the old Savannah Academy conducted by Capt. John Taliaferro. 
After concluding his studies in the best private schools which the city 
afforded, young Nichols decided upon a business course for himself, 
and entered a business college, where he completed a thorough course in 
business training. His first position was in the capacity of stenogra- 
pher in the office of the comptroller of the Central of Georgia Railway 
in 1892. In 1899 he was appointed station accountant, which position 
he occupied until 1907, in that year being promoted to his present posi- 
tion. He occupies the same position with the Ocean Steamship Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Nichols was for some years an active member of Company A, 
Savannah Volunteer Guards, enlisting as a private, and served as cor- 
poral, sergeant, and second lieutenant. He is a member of the 
Savannah Golf Club, Savannah Yacht Club, Business, Professional and 
Transportation Club, Guards Club, and of the Society of Colonial Wars, 
and is the historian of the Georgia Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution. Since February, 1908, he has been secretary of the South- 
eastern Accounting Conference, which is composed of the accounting 
officers of common carriers in the territory south of the Ohio and Poto- 
mac rivers and east of the Mississippi river. His religious convictions 
have brought about his membership with the Baptist church. 

John Hardy Purvis. The real estate and collection business of 
Savannah, Georgia, includes as one of its active, hustling factors the 
young man whose name introduces this review, John Hardy Purvis. 

Mr. Purvis is of southern birth and parentage. He was born in 
Webster county, Georgia, in 1874, son of Edward B. and Welthea Evelyn 
(Watson) Purvis, both deceased. Edward B. Purvis, also a native of 
Webster county, was a Confederate soldier in the war between the 
states, and was in active service up to and including the battle of Gettys- 
burg, where he was severely wounded, from which he never entirely 
recovered. His father, John Purvis, was an Englishman who. when a 
small boy, had come with his parents and several brothers to America, 
their settlement being in Virginia. Soon after he was grown. John 
Purvis came to Georgia and took up his residence in Webster county. 
Here he married Mrs. Mary Ann Askew. She had children by her first 
husband and also by Mr. Purvis, and altogether the Askews and the 
Purvises formed a large family, many of whom are still living in Web- 
ster county and in that section of southern Georgia. Welthea Evelyn 
(Watson) Purvis, the mother of John H. was born in North Carolina, 
and was a daughter of Hardy Watson of Raleigh, that state. 

John Hardy Purvis passed the early years of his boyhood in his 
native county, attending school there and later in Savannah 1o which 
city he came in 1885, and where he has since lived. About 1897 he 
engaged in the real-estate and collection business, which he has continued 
successfully up to the present time, his office being at 301 East Liberty 
street. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 655 

Politically, Mr. Purvis is a Republican. He takes an active part in 
local and state politics ; is thoroughly posted on the issues of the day, and' 
in party councils exerts an influence that is felt for good. 

On November 13, 1906 Mr. Purvis was married to Mrs. Honora 
O'Keefe, daughter of Mrs. Margaret Garrity, of Savannah, Georgia. 

William F. Brunner, M. D. Other men's services to the people and 
state can be measured by definite deeds, by dangers averted, by legisla- 
tion secured, by institutions built, by commerce promoted. The work 
of a doctor is entirely estranged from these lines of enterprise, yet with- 
out his capable, health-giving assistance all other accomplishments would 
count for naught. Man's greatest prize on earth is physical health and 
vigor. Nothing deteriorates mental activity as quickly as prolonged 
sickness — hence the broad field for human helpfulness afforded in the 
medical profession. The successful doctor requires something more 
than mere technical training — he must be a man of broad human sym- 
pathy and genial kindliness, capable of inspiring hope and faith in the 
heart of his patient. Such a man is Dr. William F. Brunner, city health 
officer of Savanah, whose successful career has been due to the pos- 
session of innate talent and acquired ability along the line of one of the 
most important professions to which a man may devote his energies. 

Dr. Brunner was born in Savannah in 1858, the son of C. W. and 
Frances (Haupt) Brunner, both of whom are now deceased. They were 
both natives of South Carolina, the father's birthplace having been 
Beaufort. He was a merchant by occupation and located in Savannah 
previous to the inception of the Civil war, subsequently taking an active 
part in the many-sided life of the municipality and enjoying general 
respect. 

Dr. Brunner received an excellent education in private schools in 
this city and as a student in Locust Dale Academy, Madison county, 
Virginia. He studied medicine in the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1877 and then spent the following year in post-graduate work in the 
medical department of the University of the City of New York. At 
that time (1878), yellow fever was epidemic in New Orleans, Memphis, 
Vicksburg, and other sections of the lower Mississippi valley and Dr. 
Brunner immediately after discontinuing his studies in New York went 
to the heart of the yellow fever district and offered his services to the 
Howard Association. He was immune, having had yellow fever in the 
Savannah epidemic of 1876. He began active work in Vicksburg, but 
a short time later went to the town of Lake, Mississippi, and took vigor- 
ous charge of the situation there, which was very serious, almost every 
person, including ministers, who was able to travel, having deserted the 
stricken town. He remained at Lake with a staff of nurses under his 
charge, doing all he could to alleviate the suffering, curing all cases 
possible "and preventing the spread of the fever as far as possibly could 
be done with the means at hand and the panicky state of the populace. 
His work in this epidemic attracted the attention of the United States 
health officials, and Dr. Brunner was given a position on the Marine 
Hospital service of the United States, on the South Atlantic Coast, being 
engaged in the maritime quarantine service at that time for about 
four and a half years. 

In April, 1888, Dr. Brunner was elected health officer of Savannah 
and after nine years in that position, resigned, and again entered the 
United States marine hospital, this time being assigned to duty at 
Havana, Cuba, where he had a staff of physicians and surgeons under 



656 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

his charge. He remained in that position until a short time before the 
occupation of Cuba by the United States, in 1898, being ordered out 
from Washington at that time. He then was assigned to duty in inspect- 
ing army camps at Tampa and other places in the South, and also at 
Montauk, Long Island. In September, 1898, he again joined his station 
at Havana and remained there until July 1, 1899, when he received an 
invitation from the city of Savannah to again become its health officer, 
which he accepted, entering his old duties again in that month, and 
has remained in that position ever since. His efficiency and success as 
an expert in preventative medicine and as a public health official are 
widely known and recognized ; and his services are greatly appreciated 
by the citizens of Savannah. He is one of the most distinguished physi- 
cians, not only of Savannah, but of the entire South and his repute 
extends far and wide in the profession. He has never been a general 
practitioner, it will be seen, but has ever been engaged on special duty. 
The County, State and American Medical associations claim his member- 
ship. 

Dr. Brunner, on December 14, 1883, was united in marriage to Miss 
Florence Richardson, of Savannah. They share their home of renowned 
hospitality with four children, namely : Florence Charlton, Albert 
Wylly, Frances L. and Ruth. 

Capt. William H. Robertson. As superintendent of the park and 
tree commission of Savannah, Capt. William H. Robertson has for many 
years been identified with one of the most useful and important depart- 
ments of the municipality, and in that capacity has been largely instru- 
mental in establishing and maintaining its title to the name of the 
"Forest City." Coming from thrifty Scotch ancestry, he was born in 
Savannah in 1881. His father, the late John G. Robertson, was a life- 
long resident of Savannah, his death occurring here in 1907. He was 
connected during his active career with the Central of Georgia Railroad 
Company, of which he was paymaster. He married Annabelle Stephens 
Falligant, who survives him, and is still a resident of the city. She is 
a great-granddaughter of Louis Falligant, a native of France, who was 
the founder of the Falligant family of America, a record of which is 
given elsewhere in this work, in connection with the sketch of Raiford 
Falligant. 

Reared and educated in Savannah, William H. Robertson attended 
the grammar schools, the Chatham Academy, and the private school of 
Lawrence & Morton. He subsequently made some preparation for the 
civil engineer's profession, and, although circumstances prevented his 
carrying out his desired plans, he did considerable construction work on 
jobs requiring engineering ability in Savannah and vicinity. Since 1898 
Mr. Robertson has been connected with the park and tree commission 
of Savannah, at the present time being its superintendent. This 
department of the municipal government has in its charge the care 
and maintenance of all the parks, squares, cemeteries, and parked 
roadways of the city, and is the dominant factor in rendering it in truth 
a "city beautiful." As the city's main attraction to both visitors and 
residents lies in its parks, squares and beautiful trees o'ershading its 
broad streets and avenues, it will be seen that the park and tree com- 
mission department is of the utmost concern, requiring an expert 
knowledge of landscape gardening and forestry, as well as constant 
attention, and a genuine interest in this feature of the city's resources. 
In the successful carrying on of his work, Mr. Robertson employs about 
fifty men, keeping them all busy, and obtaining satisfactory results. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 657 

For a number of years Mr. Robertson has been prominently con- 
nected with the military life of Savannah. Enlisting December 4, 1899/ 
in Company D, Savannah Volunteer Guards, which is officially known 
as the Coast Artillery Corps, he subsequently was promoted to the rank 
of corporal, then sergeant, later becoming first sergeant, and on Jan- 
uary 14, 1907, was commissioned captain of his company, a position 
which he has since held. Captain Robertson is a thoroughly efficient 
artilleryman, both from theoretical knowledge and actual practice, and 
as commanding officer is diligent in his post, and unflagging in his 
zealous efforts to maintain the high standard of his organization. An 
extended account of the corps appears in the general historical part of 
this work. 

John Kirk Train, M.D., one of the prominent and successful mem- 
bers of the medical profession of Savannah, Georgia, is a son of 
one of Savannah's best known and most highly esteemed citizens, Prof. 
Hugh Fred Train, who for over forty years served as principal of the 
high school in this city. From a review of his life published a few 
years ago, we make the following excerpt : 

Hugh Frederick Train is a native of the sturdy land of hills and 
heather, having been born in Murkirk, Ayrshire, Scotland, June 27, 
1831. He was reared and educated in his native land, where he did 
efficient work as a. university student and later completed a two years' 
course in a normal training school in the city of Glasgow. For five 
years thereafter he was a successful and popular teacher in the parish 
school of Perth. About this time alarming symptoms began to manifest 
themselves in the way of incipient disease of the lungs, and as his 
brother had died of tuberculosis Mr. Train was admonished by his 
medical adviser to seek a less rigorous climate, in order that his life 
might be prolonged and the disease possibly averted. Under the care 
of a friend and former schoolmate he was induced to come to America 
and settle in the South. In January, 1857, he took up his residence 
in Bluff ton, Beaufort district, South Carolina, where he remained until 
the outbreak of the Civil war, being there engaged in teaching. In 
1861, loyal to the cause of the Confederacy, he became a private in the 
Third Regiment of South Carolina state troops. His right arm being 
practically useless, as the result of an accident encountered when he 
was a boy, he was not able to take part in the tactical drill and maneu- 
vers, and consequently, after two months of irregular service, he was 
appointed by Col. Charles J. Colcock, commanding officer, to the posi- 
tion of commissary and acting quartermaster for the squadron, con- 
sisting of three companies, being first in camp at Bluffton and later at 
Camp Hartstein. and he was honorably discharged when the state 
troops were formally mustered into the Confederate service. After 
the close of the war Mr. Train found his home burned to the ground, 
his schoolroom plundered of everything movable and the whole country 
steeped in poverty. He remained in Bluffton one year, not earning 
enough to provide for ordinary necessities within the period, and then 
removed to Savannah, where, through the influence of Mr. Mallon, 
then superintendent of schools, he was appointed principal of the boys' 
grammar school. In the following year the board of education con- 
ferred upon him the appointment of principal of the Savannah high 
school, to succeed William H. Baker, w T ho had been made superin- 
tendent, and this position he filled until his retirement in 1910. His 
long term of service is an unequivocal voucher for the successful work 
he performed and the high place he held in the esteem of both pupils 
and patrons. Here he now lives in quiet retirement, and he is perhaps 



658 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

more uniformly loved and respected in Savannah than any one of its 
most illustrious upbuilders, and his good work will continue to blossom 
and bear fruitage in this community as long as education is prized 
and knowledge is rewarded. In politics he is a staunch Democrat, and 
his religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church, both he and his 
wife having for many years been identified with the First Presbyterian 
church of Savannah. Mrs. Train was formerly Miss Elizabeth Frew, 
being a daughter of James and Mary Frew, of Savannah. They were 
married December 29, 1869, and of the six children given to them, 
only two are now living: William Frew Train, who is engaged in the 
insurance business in Savannah, and Dr. John Kirk Train, whose name 
introduces this sketch. 

John Kirk Train was born and reared in Savannah. After his 
graduation from the high school he began the study of medicine, which 
he pursued in the medical department of the University of Virginia 
and in Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, graduating from 
the latter institution with the class of 1900. Following his graduation 
he spent three years as interne in Bellevue Hospital. He began the 
practice of his profession in Savannah in 1901, and from the time he 
opened his office has met with success. In addition to conducting a 
general practice, he is medical examiner for the Pacific Mutual Life 
Insurance Company, the Massachusetts Life and the Penn Mutual Life 
Insurance companies. 

Doctor Train is a member of various medical societies, including 
the American Medical Association. He is ex-president of the District 
Medical Association of Georgia (comprised of the counties included 
in the first congressional district), and he is on the staff of the Savannah 
Hospital, St. Joseph's Hospital, the Telfair Hospital, and the Georgia 
Infirmary. For three years he was surgeon, with the rank of major, of 
the First Regiment of Georgia Infantry. Outside of Savannah he is 
a member of the Bellevue Hospital Alumni Society and of the Southern 
Society in New York City. 

He is a member of Ancient Landmark Lodge, F. & A. M., a 
member of the Savannah Lodge of Elks, and is president of the St. 
Andrew's Society of Savannah. 

Doctor Train has a wife and two children, Lilla and John Kirk, Jr. 
Mrs. Train, before her marriage Miss Lilla Comer, is a daughter of the 
late H. M. Comer, of Savannah, who was president of the Central 
Georgia Railway, and who was held in high regard as a leading and 
influential citizen. 

Hon. Joseph Francis Gray. On the roll of Savannah's con- 
spicuous and progressive business men, none are eligible to a higher 
position than the Hon. Joseph Francis Gray, state railroad commis- 
sioner and executive officer of the Savannah Chamber of Commerce. 
Still to be numbered among the younger generation, he has for more 
than a decade been a brilliant figure on the stage of Savannah's railroad 
and commercial life. Mr. Gray is a native Georgian, his life record 
having begun in the city of Atlanta, on November 23, 1870. He is the 
son of Luke and Margaret (Carolan) Gray. His training for the 
responsibilities of life was acquired in St. Patrick's parochial school. 
of Augusta, and in St. Mary's College, at Belmont. North Carolina. 
His first adventures as an active factor in the world of affairs were in 
the capacity of stenographer for the late Patrick Walsh, editor of the 
Augusta Chronicle and at one time United States senator from Georgia. 
In January, 1887. he accepted a position as stenographer in the Augusta 
office of the Southern Express Company, with which lie remained 




(XaaajLA*! 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 659 

identified until May, 1888. From the year last mentioned until 1890 
he held a similar position in the office of the general freight and pas-' 
senger agent of the Central of Georgia Railway in Savannah. From 
January, 1890, until October, 1893, he held the position of traveling 
freight agent for the Central of Georgia Railway. In his previous 
clerical positions he has assimilated a remarkable amount of informa- 
tion of a business character and was admirably fitted for the assumption 
of the duties of important positions. His advancement was steady. 
In October, 1893, he became superintendent and treasurer of the Milieu 
& Southwestern Railroad with headquarters at Milieu, Georgia. In 
February, 1900, he became superintendent of the Offerman & Western 
Railroad at Offerman, Georgia, and on July 15, 1902, became freight 
claim agent of the Central of Georgia Railway. In 1905 and 1906 he 
was auditor of traffic of the Central of Georgia Railway and in 1906 
and 1908 was terminal agent in Savannah for the Central of Georgia 
and Southern railways. 

In 1909, Mr. Gray severed his connection with railroad interests 
to become executive officer of the Savannah Chamber of Commerce, in 
which position he has entire managerial charge of this important 
organization. He is also its vice-president. The chamber of commerce 
under Mr. Gray's direction has become the most important factor in the 
modern growth and development of Savannah. It numbers among its 
membership a large number of Savannah's public-spirited citizens. Its 
cpiarters in October, 1911, were removed to the third floor of the new 
Savannah Bank & Trust building. In 1909, Mr. Gray also was made 
one of the state railroad commissioners of Georgia. Mr. Gray is a 
successful man. He has done things and has made an imprint upon 
many enterprises. 

Mr. Gray was happily married on June 6, 1892, the young woman 
to become his wife being Miss Dora E. Gassman, daughter of Charles 
and Mary A (McLaughlin) Gassman. They have three interesting- 
children: Joseph Francis, Jr., Mildred Lucile, and Charles Aloysius. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gray are communicants of the Catholic church and the 
former is affiliated with the Knights of Columbus. 

Maj. William Wayne Williamson is a scion of one of Georgia's 
oldest families. He was born in the city of Savannah, September 
1, 1854, the son of John and Julia C. (Wayne) Williamson. His father, 
Judge Williamson, was born in Savannah, February 3, 1810. He was a 
merchant, cotton factor and rice planter for a long number of years 
and a citizen of well-deserved prominence. Although engaged for the 
greater part of his life strictly in commercial affairs, he was universally 
known as Judge Williamson for the reason that he was justice of the 
superior court of Chatham county before and during the war. He 
was also a member of and chairman of the Savannah city council at 
the time Sherman's army came into the city and during the entire 
period of the Civil war his most active efforts were given to the carry- 
ing out of measures of beneficence for his city and the cause of the Con- 
federacy in general. He resigned from the city council to accept the 
position of city treasurer in 1866. In 1872 he was elected county treas- 
urer, which position he held until his demise. He was a member of the 
first board of public education in Savannah, organized soon after the 
war, and at the time of his death was its treasurer and the only surviv- 
ing member of the original board. At the time of his death he was the 
oldest living member of the Georgia Hussars. For a number of years 
he was warden and vestryman of Christ church ; he was a member of 
the Union Society and of the Georgia Historical Society. After the 



660 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

war, having become too aged to enter active business life again, the 
mayor and aldermen honored him by electing him to the office of city 
treasurer, as before noted. He was re-elected to the office by the people, 
and served efficiently in such capacity for several years, his ability and 
public spirit being of the highest character. He died in 1885. while 
county treasurer, but although a quarter century has elapsed since he 
passed to the Great Beyond, his memory remains green with the older 
generation. 

Major "Williamson's grandfather, John Posted "Williamson, was one 
of the wealthiest real estate owners and planters of Savannah in the 
first half of the last century. He was born in South Carolina, but made 
Savannah his home early in life. The "Williamson family is of English 
origin, having been established in South Carolina, as early as 1690. 
John Posted Williamson's home in Savannah was the rendezvous for 
army officers following the Mexican war and the Indian Avars in Florida — 
Sherman, Pope, Bragg, Ridgeley, "Wade, Beckwith and Rankin being 
among the representatives of the government who received hospitality 
there. The old home of the "Williamson family was at the northwest 
corner of Montgomery and State streets, which at that time was the 
fashionable residential section of the city. John Posted "Williamson also 
owned Brampton and much other real property in and about the city 
He operated a brick yard among other industries and is said to have built 
the old county court house. 

The mother of the immediate subject of this review Julia C. Wayne, 
was born in Savannah in 1822 and died in 1892. She was the daughter 
of Gen. "William C. "Wayne and Ann (Gordon) "Wayne and the grand- 
daughter of Richard "Wayne of England, who came to America in 1760. 
He married September 14, 1769, in South Carolina, Elizabeth Clifford, 
whose family were among the first settlers of that province and who 
were allied to the families of DeSaussure and Bacots. When the Revolu- 
tionary war broke out, Richard "Wayne, who was designated by an act 
of the South Carolina legislature as a "leading merchant" of Charles- 
town, headed a petition to be armed on the side of the Crown, and in 
consequence his property was confiscated and he was banished from 
the colony. All of this, with the subsequent restoration of his property, 
is fully recorded in the reports of the Acts of the South Carolina 
Assembly. Richard Wayne, however, never returned to South Carolina 
to live. On being banished he came with his wife and children to Savan- 
nah about 1782 and became a successful planter. Gen. Anthony Wayne 
was one of the executors of his will. 

Among the men of eminent ability of this family may be mentioned 
his son, Hon. James Moore Wayne, who was mayor of Savannah, judge 
of the superior court in this city, congressman from his district and 
finally associate justice of the United States supreme court. Another 
son was Gen. William Clifford Wayne, and one of his grandsons was 
Dr. Richard W. Wayne, who was at one time mayor of Savannah. 

Major Williamson was reared in Savannah and received his educa- 
tion in the public schools, in Professor McLellan's private school and in 
Eastman's Business College of Poughkeepsie, New York. He began 
active business life in 1879 in the office of Wilder & Company, with 
which firm he remained as confidential clerk until the death of Mr. 
Wilder in 1900. Major Williamson then succeeded to the firm and 
taking Mr. J. J. Rauers as partner, established the present house of 
Williamson & Rauers, steamship and forwarding agents. This concern 
has a world-wide reputation as steamship agents. Major Williamson 
has unusual business and executive gifts of which tbe success of the firm 
is the logical outcome. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 661 

Major Williamson went through the public schools of Savannah - v 
later took a course at Eastman's Commercial College at Poughkeepsie, 
New York, and then a mere youth, entered business with the firm of 
J. H. Gardner & Company, ship agents. He then went with the cotton 
firm of Andrew Low & Company (now out of existence), and after two 
years was sent by the firm, first to New Orleans and then to Galveston, 
Texas. He returned to Savannah in 1879, a young man of twenty-five, 
and was made confidential clerk of the firm of Wilder & Company. In 
the second year of service with that firm he was given power of attorney 
and put in charge of their freight business, in which position he remained 
until 1901. His entire service with that firm covered a period of twenty- 
two years. When Mr. Wilder died in 1901, Mr. Williamson associated 
himself with Mr. J. J. Rauers, under the style of Williamson & Rauers, 
and took over its business of Wilder & Company, which the firm of 
Williamson & Rauers have continued to successfully prosecute up to 
the present. This firm represents the North German Lloyd, the Hansa 
line (a German company) and other steamship companies. During all 
these years of steady-going business Mr. Williamson has been active in 
many directions and has been making character among his fellow- 
citizens. He has given an enormous amount of time to the public 
service and to the welfare of his native city, without any other com- 
pensation than that of the satisfaction which comes to the man who 
tries to serve his fellow-men. In 1895-96 he was president of the Cotton 
Exchange ; and served again in that capacity in 1902-03. He is vice- 
president of the National Bank of Savannah ; president of the Com- 
mercial Life Insurance Company, and for five years, from 1906 to 
1910, inclusive, was president of the Chamber of Commerce. In 
the spring of 1907, while president of the Chamber of Commerce, 
Major Williamson, in company with Gov. Hoke Smith and G. Gunby 
Jordan, president of the Georgia Irrigation Association, visited Europe, 
and their efforts were successful in procuring the establishment of 
direct steamship communication with the Port of Savannah, so that the 
state received in 1907 the first cargo of selected immigrants arriving 
in Georgia since colonial days. Major Williamson's service to the state 
military covers a period of thirty-two years. In 1872 he joined the 
Savannah Volunteer Guards, organized in 1802. He joined as a private 
and held every office from private to captain. Finally in 1901, he 
advanced to the rank of major, which position he held until 1904, when 
he retired from active service. Certainly he had given a full measure 
of service. During his military service he was largely responsible for 
the establishment of Georgia's reputation in the rifle contests. Begin- 
ning in 1895, he was appointed by the Governor, captain of the state 
rifle team to represent the state at the annual rifle matches at Sea 
Girt, New Jersey. Major Williamson captained the team for five years. 
They came into competition with state teams from Massachusetts, New 
York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maine, the District of Columbia, and 
other localities. From its first visit to Sea Girt the Georgia team steadily 
worked its way forward until 1897, when out of five team matches and 
twelve individual matches, the Georgia men won every one, except one 
individual match. 

The things before mentioned have been merely a part of his immense 
activities in a public way. He has been, or is, a director in the Cotton 
Press Association, the Cotton Exchange, Tow Boat Company, Henderson- 
Hull Buggy Company, Young Men's Christian Association, a curator in 
the Georgia Historical Society, vestryman in St. John's Episcopal church, 
a commissioner of pilotage, a vice-president (for Georgia) of the National 
Rivers and Harbors Congress. As chairman of a committee composed of 



662 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

delegates from the Chamber of Commerce, Board of Trade, Cotton Ex- 
change and Board of Aldermen, on several occasions, Major Williamson 
appeared before the Rivers and Harbors Committee of Congress, and 
secured for the city of Savannah large appropriations for the improve- 
ment of its harbor. The committee was in each case successful, and 
Savannah has in the last twenty-five years grown from a shallow-water 
port, with a depth of twelve feet, to a deep-sea port, which can accom- 
modate vessels of twenty-seven foot draught. Major Williamson was 
also one of the active promoters of the automobile races of Savannah, 
which draw multiplied thousands of people to that city at their annual 
meets. In social life he is identified with the Oglethorpe Club, the 
Savannah Yacht Club, the Golf Club, the Savannah Volunteer Guards' 
Club, and the Cotillion Club, of which last named he has been chairman 
of the board since its organization. Politically, he is identified with the 
Democratic party, and in 1913 was elected alderman. 

Major Williamson was married in 1904 to Miss Corinne Heyward, 
daughter of Robert and Mary Elizabeth (Stoney) Heyward. After 
the birth of two children, Mrs. Williamson passed away, leaving a sur- 
viving infant, William Wayne Williamson, Junior, and Major William- 
son has since remained a widower. His preferred reading has been 
along historical lines, and it is a notable fact that every student of 
public men comes to be impressed with the fact that those men who 
are students of history show a larger measure of public spirit than those 
who are not interested in that direction. A knowledge of history seems 
to be one of the contributing factors in good citizenship; and when with 
this knowledge of history is combined a good ancestry, one can, in 
nearly every case, forecast what attitude the men possessing these quali- 
fications will occupy upon public questions. 

Stephen Nathan Harris. The world instinctively and justly 
renders deference to the man whose success in life has been worthily 
achieved, who has obtained a competence by honorable methods, and 
whose high reputation is solely the result of pre-eminent merit in his 
chosen work. Among Savannah's young citizens and business men is 
Stephen Nathan Harris, president of the Harris Tire Company, manu- 
facturers of automobile supplies, a concern which is a live factor in 
the city's prosperity. In this day when the automobile has taken so 
important a part in the world's affairs, Mr. Harris' business is one of 
remarkable possibilities and his thorough mastery of the business in all 
its details has constituted the basis of his steady advancement. 

Stephen. Nathan Harris is a native Georgian, his birth having 
occurred in Liberty county in 1877. the son of Stephen Raymond and 
Laura E. (McGillis) Harris. His father, who has lived in Savannah 
since 1886, was born in Liberty county, the ancestral home of this 
branch of the Harris family. S. R. Harris' father was Dr. Stephen 
Nathan Harris, who was born and died in Liberty county. The latter 's 
father was Dr. Raymond Harris, a native of Virginia, who came to 
Georgia when a boy with his father and located in Liberty county. 
The subject's paternal grandmother, the widow of Dr. Stephen Nathan 
Harris, died January 15. 1913, in Savannah. The maiden name of 
the venerable and admirable lady was Emma A. Jones and her father 
was Capt. Joseph Jones of Liberty county. The latter was the son of 
Maj. John Jones, a South Carolinian, who served throughout the Revo- 
lutionary war, first as aide-de-camp to Colouel Elliott and later as aide- 
de-camp and major on the staff of General Mcintosh. It was while 
acting in the latter capacity that he was killed in the siege of Savannah 
on October 9, 1779. The subject's grandmother is of Revolutionary 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 663 

descent on her mother's side also. Her mother, Elizabeth (Hart)/ 
Jones, was the daughter of Mary (Screven) Hart, who was the daughter 
of Gen. James Screven, of Georgia, a distinguished Revolutionary 
soldier, who was brigadier general of Georgia militia and was killed 
at the engagement at Midway Church, November 24, 1778. Capt. 
John Hart, the husband of Mary Screven Hart, mentioned above, was 
an officer of the Second South Carolina regiment in the Revolutionary 
war and was taken prisoner at Charleston, May 12, 1780. The scion 
of such ancestry, it is small wonder that the spirit of the men and 
women who achieved American independence burns in the breast of 
the young citizen whose name appears at the head of this paragraph. 
Although for only a few years an active member of the body politic, 
he has well performed his part therein, giving heart and hand to all 
measures which in his judgment promise well for the general welfare. 
His career has been such as to warrant the trust and confidence of the 
business world, for he has ever conducted all transactions on the 
strictest principles of honor and integrity. 

Mr. Harris is almost a lifedong resident of Savannah, having lived 
here since the age of six and having received the greater part of his 
education in this city. He is the president of the Harris Tire Com- 
• pany, one of the most flourishing business establishments in Savannah. 
This deals in general automobile supplies and its members are also 
branch managers of the Firestone Tire Company of Akron, Ohio. The 
Harris business was established in 1906. 

Mr. Harris has from early boyhood been interested in affairs mil- 
itary and in 1896 enlisted as a private in the Savannah Volunteer 
Guards, joining Company B. With this company he went into service 
at the time of the Spanish-American war and had steady promotion, 
first becoming sergeant, then lieutenant and finally captain of Com- 
pany B, which is his present rank. He is extremely popular with the 
boys, who find in him their gallant ideal of an officer. 

Mr. Harris was married on April 24, 1901, to Miss Mary Coburn 
of this city. Mrs. Harris is a daughter of Moses Douville Coburn, who 
was a member of the society of Cincinnati. 

Shelby Myrick has been engaged in the practice of the law in 
Savannah since 3897 and is recognized as one of the notable young 
lawyers of the city. His practice has grown as he has demonstrated 
his ability to handle with skill the intricate problems of jurisprudence 
and he possesses a distinctively representative clientage which has 
connected him with some of the most important litigation heard in the 
courts of this section. Also, for six years he held the office of city 
recorder. 

Mr. Myrick was born at Forsyth, Monroe county, Georgia, on the 
16th day of July, 1878, the son of Bascom and Mary Louise (Scudder) 
Myrick. His father was born in historic Liberty county in the town 
of Flemington and died in Americus, Georgia, August 8, 1895. He 
was one of the most prominent and successful newspaper men of the 
state and for several years previous to his decease he was the editor 
and publisher of the Americus Times-Recorder. The mother was born 
at Shelbyville, Tennessee, and is still living, making her home with the 
subject in Savannah. 

The paternal grandfather of Shelby Myrick was Rev. Daniel J. 
Myrick, a widely known Methodist minister of the earlier years, who 
occupied some of the most prominent pulpits of the state in that de- 
nomination. He was born in Upson county, Georgia, and about the be- 
ginning of his ministerial career in Liberty county he was married to 



664 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Miss Mary Adeline Andrews, a member of one of the old families of 
that county. Rev. Myriek's mother, who was Elizabeth A. (Candler) 
Myriek, was the daughter of Col. William Candler, of Richmond 
county, Georgia, who was a member of a committee from that county 
appointed by virtue of an act of the Georgia legislature in September, 
1777, "For the expulsion of internal enemies from this state." He 
was also colonel of a regiment known as "The Regiment of Refugees 
of Richmond county," which served in the War of the Revolution. 
Colonel Candler's regiment was at the field of Savannah and at the 
battles of Fish Dam Ford, Blaekstoek Farm and King's Mountain. 
Mr. Myriek, on his mother's side, is a great-great-great-grandson of 
Nathaniel Scudder, who was born in New Jersey in 1733 and was colonel 
of New Jersey Militia in the Revolutionary war. Colonel Scudder was 
killed in a skirmish at Shrewsbury, October 16, 1781. 

Mr. Myriek received the greater part of his education in the Uni- 
versity of Georgia and graduated from the academic department in the 
class of 1896. In the following year he graduated from the law depart- 
ment. He came from college to Savannah and began the practice of 
his profession in this city, which has continued with uninterrupted 
success, Mr. Myriek being on all sides recognized as one of the able 
attorneys of this bar. In 1901 he became city recorder of Savannah 
and held this office until 1907, with credit to himself and honor and 
profit to the people. 

Col. George Noble Jones, a member of the Savannah bar and a 
representative citizen of Savannah, is descended from some of Georgia's 
famous historic characters. He was born in this city in 1874, son of 
George Fenwick and Anna Wylly (Habersham) Jones. 

Both the Jones and the Habersham families were connected with 
the colony of Georgia from the time of its founding, taking a prom- 
inent part in its early history, the Revolutionary war, and events of 
importance in the state's subsequent history. Some of the most famous 
men and women in the history of Georgia were, members of these two 
families, and a more extended mention of them will be found in the 
general history chapters of this work. 

George Fenwick Jones, father of the subject of this sketch, was 
born in Savannah, and died in this city in 1876. By profession he was 
a lawyer. He was a son of George Noble and Mary (Savage-Nuttall) 
Jones, and this George Noble Jones' father was Noble Wimberly Jones, 
who in turn was the son of Dr. George Jones, United States Senator 
from Georgia. This brings the line of ancestry to Dr. George Jones' 
father, Dr. Noble Wimberly Jones, the great-great-grandfather of Col. 
George Noble Jones, who was born in England in 1732 and died in 
Savannah in 1805. He was an ardent supporter of the colonists' cause 
in the Revolutionary war; was speaker of the provincial legislature of 
Georgia in 1775; member of the Georgia Council of Safety in 1776; 
member of the Continental Congress from Georgia, in session at Phila- 
delphia, first in 1775, and again in 1781-82. During the British oc- 
cupation of Savannah he was imprisoned and sent to St. Augustine. 
His portrait hangs in Independence Hall in Philadelphia. It was in 
his infancy that he came to Savannah, being brought here by his 
parents. His father, Captain (later Colonel) Noble Jones was a mem- 
ber of Oglethorpe's party, landing here in the same ship with Ogle- 
thorpe in 1733 and being one of the original party that founded the 
colony of Georgia. Col. Noble Jones was a surveyor in his majesty's 
service in the new colony, and later became treasurer of the colony 
and a member of the council. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 665 

The mother of Col. George Noble Jones was a daughter of William 
Neyle and Josephine (Clay) Habersham. William Neyle Habersham's 
parents were Robert and Elizabeth M. (Neyle) Habersham, Elizabeth 
Neyle having come from a South Carolina family. Robert Habersham's 
father was Col. Joseph Habersham, who was an officer of the Conti- 
nental line, Georgia troops, throughout the Revolutionaiy war, con- 
nected with the First Georgia Regiment, first as major and later as 
lieutenant colonel. Colonel Habersham was born in Savannah in 
1751 and died in this city in 1815. Besides his military career, he was 
a prominent figure in national affairs after the Revolution, being post- 
master general under both President Washington and President Adams. 
He was one of the charter members of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
when that society was organized in 1783. 

The father of Col. Joseph Habersham was Gov. James Habersham, 
who came from England to Savannah about 1738, being the founder 
of the Habersham family in Georgia. He was governor of the colony 
during the absence of Governor Wright. 

Another son of Gov. James Habersham was Maj. John Habersham, 
who was a prominent officer in the Revolutionary war, and was also an 
original member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He was the father 
of Dr. Joseph Clay Habersham, who was one of the early health officers 
of Savannah. Dr. Joseph Clay Habersham was the father of Josephine 
Clay Habersham, who married her third cousin, William Neyle Haber- 
sham, the maternal grandfather of Colonel Jones of this review. In 
this way the colonel is descended from both Joseph and John Haber- 
sham, brothers. 

George Noble Jones was educated in the schools of Savannah and 
in the University of Virginia. His law course he pursued in the 
University of Georgia, where he graduated with the class of 1896, re- 
ceiving the degree of LL. D. That same year he was admitted to the 
bar and began the practice of his profession in Savannah, and here he 
has since been engaged in the practice of law, with the exception of 
about one year's temporary absence, ending in the fall of 1911, in 
Florida, where he has extensive land interests. 

For some years Mr. Jones was an active member of the Georgia 
Hussars, one of the most famous military organizations of the United 
States. It was founded in the early colonial days in Savannah, and 
Col. Noble Jones and Dr. Noble Wimberly Jones were both captains 
of the "First Troop of Horse," which was the name of the organiza- 
tion in those days. George Noble Jones was sergeant major of the 
First Regiment of Cavalry, of which the Hussars is a part. During 
the administration of Gov. Joseph M. Terrell, Mr. Jones was honored 
by being made lieutenant colonel and aide de camp on the governor's 
staff. 

Colonel Jones was married in Savannah on April 6, 1904, to Miss 
Frances Meldrim, daughter of Gen. Peter W. and Frances P. (Casey) 
Meldrim. They have four children : Frances Meldrim, Anna Haber- 
sham, Noble Wimberly, and Caroline Wallace. 

Robert Vincent Martin, M. D. In no profession is there more 
constant progress than in that of medicine and surgery, thousands of 
the finest minds the world has produced making it their one aim and 
ambition to discover more effectual method for the alleviation of suf- 
fering, some more potent weapon for the conflict with disease, some clever 
device for repairing the damaged human mechanism. Ever and anon the 
world hears with mingled wonder and thanksgiving of a new conquest 
of disease and disaster which a few years ago would have been placed 



666 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

within the field of the impossible. To keep in touch with these discov- 
eries means constant alertness, and while there may be in many quarters 
indolence in keeping pace with modern thought, the' highest type of 
physician believes it no less than a crime not to be master of the latest 
means of science. To this type belongs Dr. Robert Vincent Martin, his 
constant thought and endeavor being devoted to the profession of which 
he is so admirable an exponent. 

Dr. Martin was born in Barnwell county, South Carolina, in 1877, 
his parents being William E. and Sarah Harriet (Thompson) Martin. 
The father was born at "Mock Orange" plantation, the ancestral home 
of the Martins, in Barnwell county, South Carolina, and he and the 
subject's mother are now residents of Albany, Georgia. Since leaving 
the plantation early in life, the elder gentleman has been a railroad man. 

Dr. Martin can trace his genealogy back to 1396, to Sir John Mark- 
ham, judge of court of common pleas. The doctor's paternal grand- 
father was John Vincent Martin, of Barnwell county, who was a son of 
Judge William D. Martin, also of that county. 

Judge Martin was a distinguished lawyer and jurist and a member 
of congress from South Carolina. He married the daughter of Dr. Peter 
Williamson of Edgefield, South Carolina, who was a surgeon of the 
Revolutionary war. Judge Martin was twice married, his second wife 
being the daughter of Chief Justice Dorsey of Maryland. The subject's 
mother, whose birthplace was in Charleston, South Carolina, is of 
English descent. Her family, as well as that of the Martins, are 
descended from ancestors whose names are promient in colonial and 
Revolutionary history. One of the first Martins in America was Capt. 
Abram Martin, a participant in the colonial wars and an early settler 
from England, of Westmoreland county, Virginia. 

When Robert Vincent was a young boy, his parents left the old 
homestead in South Carolina and came to the Forest city, but did not 
reside here permanently, going from this city to Macon. In the latter 
city the subject received his preliminary education. He early decided 
to adopt the medical profession as his own and to gain the necessary 
preparation he matriculated in the Charleston Medical College of the 
state of South Carolina, from which he was graduated with the class of 
1904. He went thence to New York City and entered the department 
of health, and during his connection therewith he was on duty particu- 
larly in that branch of the department devoted to contagious diseases. 
For his work in said department he was granted a diploma and his 
training thus received was of remarkably valuable character. Following 
this he served as interne in the New York City hospital, and from this 
entered the lying-in hospital as interne, receiving diplomas from both 
of these institutions. His work in these hospitals gave him a very wide 
range of experience for the beginning of his work as a regular practi- 
tioner. 

Dr. Martin began his practice in Savannah in April, 1906. and lias 
established a splendid name for himself as a physician and surgeon. 
He is a member of the staff of the Georgia Infirmary. With the county, 
state and American medical associations he has affiliation and he has 
served as second vice-president of the First Congressional District Med- 
ical Society. He is a member of the Landrum lodge of Masons and 
finds no small amount of pleasure in his relations with the ancient 
and august order. He has taken an active part in local military affairs; 
he joined the First Regiment of Infantry. National Guard of Georgia, 
becoming first lieutenant on March 28. 1907. and subsequently was pro- 
moted 1o his present rank, that of major of the medical department. 

On January 8, 1913, Dr. Martin was united in marriage to Annie, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 667 

daughter of McDonald Dunwody and great-granddaughter of Gov. C. 
J. McDonald of Georgia. 

Dr. George Mosse Norton. One of the best known men in the 
medical profession in Savannah, is Dr. George Mosse Norton. His 
father and other members of his family were of the medical profession, 
and his ability in this line may be credited somewhat to inheritance. 
Born of one of the oldest southern families, he has lived up to the repu- 
tation for wit, and brilliancy and strength of character which had 
belonged to his ancestors for generations. Although one of the younger 
physicians in the city he has attained a success that an older practi- 
tioner might envy. 

Dr. Norton was born in Savannah, Georgia, on the 29th of November, 
1873, the son of Dr. Robert Godfrey Norton and Martha Jane (Edwards) 
Norton. He is descended from Jonathan Norton, a native of England, 
who early in life came to America and settled on the Island of St. 
Helena, off the coast of South Carolina. He was born in 1705 and died 
in 1774, his wife being Mary Ann Chaplin. One of his daughters, 
Dorothy Phoebe, became the wife of Dr. George Mosse. The latter 
was a notable character in the coast country of South Carolina and in 
Savannah. He was born, reared and educated for the medical pro- 
fession in the University of Dublin, Ireland. Soon after his graduation 
he came as a physician to America and settled on the Island of St. 
Helena, where he subsequently became the owner of a large amount of 
landed property. In addition to this professional practice he was a 
large planter and a manufacturer of leather. He became in time a man 
of considerable wealth, and of prominence in this section of the country. 
Both the Nortons and the Mosses were originally members of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, but after coming to America they became 
devoted members of the Baptist church. Dr. George Mosse, at his own 
expense, built a house of worship on the Island of St. Helena. The 
advantages for education on the island were extremely meagre, so in 
order to better educate his younger children, in about 1799 or 1800, 
he removed with his family to Savannah. He had a large family and 
one of his daughters, Martha, became the wife of Col. Alexander Lawton. 
They were the parents of Gen. A. R. Lawton, now deceased, who was 
one of the most distinguished lawyers in Savannah, a brigadier general 
in the Confederate army, and for a long time the general attorney of 
the Central of Georgia Railroad. Members of the Norton family lived 
on the Island of St. Helena for over a hundred years and have been 
closely identified with the history of that island, as well as with the 
near-by towns of South Carolina ; Beaufort, Bluffton, Robertville and 
Black Swamp, and with Savannah. 

The great-great-grandfather of Dr. George Mosse Norton was 
William Norton, son of the original Jonathan Norton. "William Norton 
married Mary Godfrey, and like, Dr. Mosse, removed in later life from 
the Island of St. Helena, to Savannah. One of his sons, the great- 
grandfather of the present Dr. Norton, was Robert Godfrey Norton, who 
was a soldier of the Continental line during the Revolutionary war. 
Robert Godfrey Norton married his cousin, Sarah Mosse, and most of his 
life was spent at Robertville, South Carolina. One of their sons was 
Dr. Alexander Norton, grandfather of Dr. George Mosse Norton. For a 
number of years Dr. Alexander Norton practiced medicine in the city 
and was the first official port physician of Savannah. He married 
Miss Julia Green, and after living for a number of years in Robertville, 
after the close of the Civil war, he again returned to Savannah and died 
here in 1869. 



668 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Dr. Robert Godfrey Norton was born in Robertville, South Carolina, 
on the 17th of March, 1841, and died in Savannah in J.900. He was a 
graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, and 
also of the Charleston Medical College, and was one of the leading 
physicians in Savannah for many years. He was married in 1861 to 
Martha Jane Edwards, of Effingham county, Georgia, and they became 
the parents of the following children: Fannie Cone, who is now the wife 
of Gordan L. Groover, of Savannah ; Robert G. ; William Edwards ; 
George Mosse, and Walter Abell. The latter is a physician and is 
practicing medicine in Savannah. Dr. William Edwards Norton, who 
was also a physician of Savannah, died in this city in March, 1911. 

Dr. George Mosse Norton was reared in Savannah and was educated 
in the public schools of his home city and in the University of Georgia, 
at Athens. He studied medicine in the Southern Medical College at 
Atlanta, Georgia, from which he was graduated in the class of 1898. 
Two years later he went to New York City, where he took post-graduate 
work in the New York Post-Graduate Medical School. He then began 
his practice in Savannah and soon became one of the successful members 
of his profession in the city. He has continued to build up a large 
general practice, but of late years he has turned his attention more 
directly to surgery. He is a member of the. Georgia and the American 
Medical Associations, and is a member of the staff of Park View Sana- 
torium. In his fraternal relations he is a member of the Masons and 
the Elks. For several years he was an active member of the Georgia 
Hussars, in which he was surgeon with the rank of lieutenant. He 
was awarded a medal for horsemanship by the Hussars in 1S99. 

The city of Savannah is noted for its historic old mansions, and 
the home of Dr. Norton is one of the most notable. It was originally 
built by Joseph Waldburg as a home for his family, and after his death 
it was occupied for many years by his son-indaw, Colonel Clinch, a 
native of South Carolina. The house is an example of that substantial 
style of architecture used by men of wealth in a former age, when 
timber was plentiful, and veneer was unknown. The walls of the house 
are more than two feet thick, and the brick of which it is built is all 
rosined as are the hardwood floors. The ceilings, walls, partitions and 
other inside wood work are all of the costliest and most durable mate- 
rials. The interior furnishings, decorations and the wonderful chande- 
liers were all imported from Europe and most of these still remain to 
add to the artistic beauty of the house itself. A delightful garden on 
the Barnard street side of the house is in keeping with the rest, and on 
the west side is another garden which affords a charming playground 
for the children. The property has one hundred and twenty feet of 
frontage on Oglethorpe avenue, and from a financial standpoint is one 
of the most valuable in the city. The house is built with two stories 
and a basement, containing many rooms of the generous proportions 
that our ancestors enjoyed. It cost $55,000 and required three years 
and a half in building. 

Doctor Norton was married in Savannah, October 6. 1902. to Miss 
Leila Exley, daughter of Marquis L. and Emma N. (Grovenstein) Exley. 
They have four children ; Elizabeth Emma. Leila Lucile. Angela 
Willie, and George Mosse. Jr. 

Alfred Kent. The life of a good and just man and the record of 
his deeds are in themselves the purest biography, and in this connec- 
tion something more than a simple announcement is due to the memory 
of one who was known to everyone in Savannah for his kindness and 
generosity to his fellow men. the late Alfred Kent. His talents as a 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEOKGIA 669 

business man made him a conspicuous figure in the commercial world, 
of his native city, and he might have risen to a place of prominence 
in public life had his modesty not forbidden, but it is rather as a kindly, 
charitable philanthropist and true Southern gentleman that he is remem- 
bered by his fellow-townsmen, and he has left to his descendants the 
heritage of an honorable name and one on which there is not the slightest 
stain or blemish. Mr. Kent was born March 31, 1823, on West Broad 
street, opposite the head of St. Julian street, this part of the city hav- 
ing been the home of the Kent family since the early part of the nine- 
teenth century. His parents were Ezra and Harriet (Vallotton) Kent, 
the latter having been the daughter of James Vallotton of South Caro- 
lina. Ezra Kent was born in Rhode Island in 1793 and came to Savan- 
nah about 1819. He was a wheelwright by trade and established in 
3820 the business that was after his death continued by his son. After 
the custom of earlier days, the home and the shop were adjacent, and 
during all the years that the wheelwright and carriage business was 
carried on by the Kents, father and son, the work place adjoined the 
residence on West Broad street. This residence (No. 35 West Broad 
street), which until recently was occupied as a home by William Alfred 
Kent, the son of Alfred Kent, is one of the historic structures of Savan- 
nah. It is one hundred and fifty years old, one of the oldest houses in 
the city, and adjoining it on the south is the house in which President 
Monroe was entertained in May, 1819. It was moved in 18-45 to its 
present location by Ezra Kent from the site where now stands Trinity 
Methodist church, on the west side of Telfair place, and still bears in 
its front the hole made by a cannon ball from Count d'Estaing's fleet 
during the siege of Savannah in 1779. 

Alfred Kent, although never having received much school educa- 
tion, had finely developed natural talents which enabled him to carry 
on the various business affairs of life with great astuteness. He was a 
splendid judge of real estate and in early years made purchases of prop- 
erty at a very low price that later brought him a large profit, He was 
a born business man and money maker, and had he cared to, he no doubt 
could have become a man of very great wealth. He was not of an 
acquisitive nature, however, and his kind-heartedness and his leniency 
with those who owed him money kept him often from getting what was 
rightfully his. He never turned away anyone who was in need, neither 
would he ever sue a man for debt, and many times renters occupying 
houses belonging to him were allowed to become long overdue in their 
obligations. He was of that sturdy New England stock which was well 
grounded in the principle that better than honors and wealth is an 
irreproachable name. For many years he continued the carriage busi- 
ness which had been established by his father, but the latter years of his 
life were principally devoted to looking after his large and valuable 
real estate. 

Mr. Kent enjoyed the distinction of being the oldest member of 
the Georgia Hussars, to which he had belonged since 1851, and of which 
in later years he was made an honorary member for life. As a citizen 
of Savannah he rendered valuable service to the Confederacy during 
the war between the states, and he was one of the committee of citi- 
zens whose duty it was to turn over the city to General Sherman upon 
the occasion of the occupation of the city in December, 1864. He took 
an active and influential part in public affairs, but never held but one 
office, that of tax assessor during the administration of Mayor Wheaton. 
He might have become more prominent in this respect if he had so 
desired, but he was a man of modest demeanor and never obtruded 
himself upon public attention. His counsels were often sought, how- 



670 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

ever, where matters of importance in city affairs were under considera- 
tion, and his advice and suggestions were always appreciated. He was 
a lover of fine horses, and at all times had many in his stahle, and he 
was an adept in handling fractious horses, always mastering them. 
He enjoyed most of all his home life, which was happy and congenial, 
and his keenest sorrow came with the loss of his wife, his life's partner 
of more than fifty years, whose death occurred in 1908, and who before 
her marriage was Sarah M. Ferrell, a native of South Carolina. In 
February, 1908, about one month after the death of his wife, Mr. Kent 
fell ill, and from this ailment he never recovered, his death occurring 
February 27, 1910. In the demise of this old and honored citizen the 
city of Savannah suffered a severe loss, and it will be long ere one to 
acceptably fill his place will be found. 

William Alfred Kent, the only son of Alfred and Sarah M. (Fer- 
rell) Kent, was born and spent all of his life in the city of Savannah. 
He was married in this city in 1876 to Miss Elizabeth J. Hood, daughter 
of Jason Paris and Sarah J. (Morrell) Hood, a descendant of the family 
of which General Hood was a member. Mr. Hood, who has been dead 
for several years, is well remembered by the older residents of Savan- 
nah. He was born in Wilkes county, Georgia, the son of Burwell Hood, 
a pioneer of the state, and was for several years a bookkeeper and 
accountant for Weed & Company and for the Central of Georgia Rail- 
road. Mr. and Mrs. William A. Kent have had five children: Susie 
Vallotton, deceased, who was the wife of A. L. Stokes, of Charleston, 
South Carolina, and had one daughter — Susie Vallotton Kent Stokes; 
Alfred Duncan, who is married and has one daughter — Alfreda 
Mayla; William Hood, who is married and has two children — William 
Alfred, Jr., and Richard Hood ; Miss Sadie ; and Julia Holland, who 
married C. N. Wilson, of Bainbridge, Georgia, and has one son — William 
Carson. 

James Thomas McLaughlin, D. D. S. One of the leading dental 
practitioners of Appling county, Georgia, and a man who has done 
much' to advance the interests of his city and county, is James Thomas 
McLaughlin, D. D. S., of Baxley, who has acquired distinction in his 
chosen profession by close application, thorough mastery of the prin- 
ciples of the science and a delicacy and accuracy of mechanical skill 
so necessary in this important calling. Dr. McLaughlin was born Febru- 
ary 7, 1882, in Wayne county, Georgia, on his father's farm, located 
near Odum, and is a son of J. A. and Rebecca (O'Quinn) McLaughlin, 
natives of Georgia, and now residents of Odum, where the father, a 
machinist by trade, has of recent years been engaged in the mercantile 
business. Dr. McLaughlin's maternal and paternal grandfathers served 
as soldiers in a Georgia regiment during the war between the states. 

His great-grandfather was Scotch and French, was born in North 
Carolina and was named James McLaughlin. His grandfather was 
also named James. 

James Thomas McLaughlin was five years of age when he was taken 
by his parents from the Wayne county farm to Brunswick. Georgia. 
where he commenced his education in the public schools. lie was eleven 
years old when the family removed to AVayeross. and after spending 
three years there and a like period in Statesborough. went to Fitzgerald, 
a locality in which the family remained two years. After finishing the 
graded course in the public schools. Dr. McLaughlin attended Black- 
shear high school, and on being graduated therefrom became a student 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 671 

in the Dental College, from which he was graduated in 1908 with high 
honors, being especially commended by his college preceptors for excel-' 
lence in his work. Subsequently he took a course in the Southern Col- 
lege of Pharmacy, at Atlanta, and on leaving that institution began 
the practice of his profession at Bristol, but after one year there changed 
his field of operations to Baxley. Here he has established a most satis- 
factory professional business, his careful and skillful work having given 
him a high reputation. He has well appointed offices, the mechanical 
equipments of which are of modern design, while all work is executed 
with scrupulous fidelity and the utmost skill. The Doctor enjoys 
marked popularity and esteem in professional, fraternal and social cir- 
cles, and is recognized as an able and progressive business man, energetic 
and public spirited. He belongs to the Blue Lodge of Masonry, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Woodmen of the World. 

Dr. McLaughlin was married October 4, 1905, to Miss Jessamond 
Dae Carter, daughter of Dr. L. A. Carter, of Nashville, Georgia, and 
they have one child, James Treyvance, a bright lad of six years. Dr. 
and Mrs. McLaughlin are faithful members of the Missionary Baptist 
church, and are widely and favorably known in religious and social 
circles. 

Charles Anderson Davis. A man who has ever been useful in his 
community, and an able assistant in promoting its agricultural pros- 
perity, Charles Anderson Davis, of Hickory Head district, Brooks 
county, has nearly all of his life been a tiller of the soil, and in the 
independent occupation still finds his greatest pleasure. He was born 
on the farm which he now owns and occupies December 18, 1865, a son 
of Charles A. Davis. 

Charles A. Davis, the father, was born, January 21, 1824, in Jones 
county, Georgia, but was brought up in Harris county, where his par- 
ents moved when he was a child, and where they spent their remaining 
years. He had a natural talent for music, with a clear, strong voice, and 
while a young man taught music, having classes in Lowndes county, and 
in various other counties in southwest Georgia. When ready to settle 
permanently in life, he bought a tract of land in Hickory Head district, 
in what is now Brooks county, and built a commodious and substantial 
log house, which has since been weather-boarded on the outside, and 
sealed inside. With the help of slaves he cleared a large part of the 
land, and carried on farming, being assisted by his slaves until they 
were freed. During the war between the states he served in the Georgia 
Reserves, going with his command to the defense of Atlanta. On the 
farm which he cleared from the forest, he resided until his death, Oc- 
tober 8, 1884. He was a total abstainer from both liquor and tobacco. 

The maiden name of the wife of Charles A. Davis was Henrietta 
McMullen. She was born in that part of Lowndes county now included 
in Brooks county, December 3, 1831, and died December 25, 1895. Her 
father, Hon. James McMullen, a native of Georgia, was taken by his 
parents to southwest Georgia when young, they having been among the 
earlier settlers of Thomas county. Some time after his marriage he re- 
moved from there to that part of Lowndes county now known as Brooks 
county, buying a tract of land in Hickory Head district. With the help 
of slaves he redeemed a farm from the wilderness, and there both he and 
his wife spent their last days. He was an active member of the Whig 
party, and represented his district one or more terms in the state legis- 
lature, and as that was before the days of railroads in this part of the 



672 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

country he journeyed to Milledgeville, then the capital of Georgia, 
on the back of a mule. To Charles A. and Henrietta Davis eight chil- 
dren were born, as follows: James R. ; Fannie; Jefferson; Charles A., 
the subject of this brief biographical record ; Henrietta ; William J., 
who died at the age of twenty-seven years ; and Maggie May. 

Receiving his early educational advantages in the common schools, 
Charles Anderson Davis developed into manhood on the home farm, 
being trained to the habits of industry and thrift which laid the foun- 
dations of his subsequent success. At the age of twenty-one years he 
started in life for himself as an agriculturist, for four years having 
charge of his brother's farm, later superintending the management of 
Dr. McCall's and Judge Moi-ton's estates. In 1898 Mr. Davis purchased 
the parental homestead, which he has since managed with most satis- 
factory results, as a general farmer and stock-raiser, being eminently 
successful. He has a very pleasant home, and in the yard in front 
of the house is a pecan tree that invariably attracts the attention of the 
passerby. The nut from which it "sprang was planted by Mr. Davis' 
sister about fifty years ago, and the trunk is now fully twelve feet in 
circumference, the limbs being very long, and the shape symmetrical, 
the tree being, it is said, the largest tree of the kind in Georgia. 

On October 18, 1899, Mr. Davis was united in marriage with Miss 
Clifford Anderson Arrington, a native of Brooks county, Georgia. Her 
father, Thomas Arrington, was born in Twiggs county, Georgia. Leav- 
ing home at the age of eighteen years, he became a pioneer settler of 
what is now Brooks county. Buying a tract of heavily timbered land, 
he felled the giant trees, uprooted the sod, and on the homestead which 
he hewed from the forest spent his remaining years, passing away in 
1881, aged fifty-six years. Mr. Arrington was three times married, his 
first and second wives having been near relatives. He had four chil- 
dren by his first union, namely : William, Mattie, Louise, and Henry ; 
but of his second marriage there were none. Mr. Arrington married for 
his third wife Fannie Denmark, who was born in Brooks county. Geor- 
gia, a daughter of Thomas and Amanda (Groover) Denmark. At 
his death he left her with six children to bring up and educate, namely: 
Annie D. ; Briggs A. ; Hattie ; Clifford Anderson, now Mrs. Davis ; 
Julia S. ; and Thomas N. Mr. Arrington had assisted his older children, 
those by his first wife, to homes of their own 'ere his death, and there- 
fore he left to his third wife and her children his entire plantation. 
Mrs. Arrington was a woman of much energy and ability, and she 
superintended the farm herself, making the rounds of the place on 
horseback, and proved herself such a good manager that she was en- 
abled to give each of her children either a college or an academical 
education, fitting each for the vocation which he or she might choose. 
She died in June, 1900, having accomplished her life purpose. Mr. and 
Mrs. Davis have one child, Charles Anderson Davis. Jr.. born June 11, 
1909. 

William J. Lewis. Postmaster at Dawson, Terrell county. si?ice 
1906, Mr. Lewis began his public career at the age of twenty-one as 
deputy sheriff in Columbia comity, Florida. He has been a practical 
man all his life and was at work in a printing shop when eleven years 
old, and finally became head of a printing establishment of his own. 
Mr. Lewis belongs to an old family of the Carolinas and Georgia, which 
lias furnished a number of soldiers, civil officials, and men of ability to 
the nation and community. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 673 

William J. Lewis was bora January 10, 1874, and is a son of Wil- 
liam Turner Lewis, who was born in Carroll county, Virginia, and a / 
grandson of Archibald Lewis, who was also born in that county of 
Virginia. It is believed that this branch of the Lewis family is directly 
descended from a General Hepsibah Lewis, who was a soldier of the 
Revolutionary war. Archibald Lewis, the grandfather, moved from 
Virginia into North Carolina and settled at Mt. Airy on the French 
Broad river, where he spent the remainder of his days. 

William Turner Lewis, the father, was a youth when his father 
died and then came under the guidanceship of an older brother, Charles 
W. Lewis. This older brother went away to the war as a Confederate 
soldier on the beginning of hostilities. The younger boy wanted to 
enlist in the same regiment but his brother would not consent. He 
therefore ran away from home and when sixty miles from his home 
community enlisted in Captain Logan Whitlock's company with which 
he went into Virginia and participated in many of the historic cam- 
paigns and battles of the war. He was slightly wounded in the foot 
by a spent ball, but escaped capture. His service as a soldier con- 
tinued until the close and he then returned home and with his brother 
engaged in the tobacco business for a while. Then with his brother 
he came into Georgia, and this migration was accomplished from begin- 
ning to end across country, with a team. William Turner Lewis located 
at Dawson where he was engaged in merchandising for a time and sub- 
sequently at farming near the town. He then returned to Dawson 
again, and once more became one of the local merchants. While in 
the war he had contracted inflammatory rheumatism and eventually 
was incapacitated for business, so that he was succeeded by his sons. 
He died greatly respected as a citizen and man on June 28, 1898. He 
had served as a deputy sheriff of Terrell county, and also as mayor of 
Dawson. 

William Turner Lewis married Frances Cora Bell, who was bora 
in Webster county, Georgia, daughter of Arthur and Eliza Bell. Her 
father was a well-to-do farmer in Webster county. Mrs. Lewis died in 
early life, and the father was again married, Mrs. Susan (Jones) 
Clarke, of Lee county, becoming his wife. The three children of the 
first marriage were Charles G., William J., and Archibald A., all of 
whom were carefully reared by their step-mother, who had two sons by 
her first marriage, named George E. Clarke and Albert S. Clarke. 

While growing up to manhood in Dawson and Terrell county Wil- 
liam J. Lewis attended the public schools, but most of his education 
was attained through practical experience and the inevitable education 
which goes with the printers' trade. When eleven years old he became 
printers' devil in the mechanical department of the Dawson News, and 
there learned the art preservative. When four years had passed and he 
had become an expert workman, he went to Murphy, North Carolina, 
where he was employed in typesetting for three years, and thence 
moved to Fort AVhite, Florida, where he edited the Fort White Herald. 
Then at the age of twenty-one, Mr. Lewis was appointed deputy sheriff 
of Columbia county, Florida, and served two years in that office. Re- 
turning to Dawson in 1895, he took the position of foreman of the Netvs 
office, and some time later bought the job printing department of the 
News and conducted a successful printing business until 1906. In that 
year he was appointed postmaster at Dawson, and has been continued in 
this office by reappointment to the present time. 

Mr. Lewis on May 31, 1896, married Miss Selina Hay, a daughter of 



674 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Isaac and Mollie (Cannon) Hay, and a granddaughter of Martin Hay 
and Jeptha Cannon. Isaac Hay is one of the most successful farmers 
in South Georgia. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis have two children named Charles 
Arthur and Alice Maybell. The family worship in the Methodist 
church and Mr. Lewis is affiliated with Dawson Camp No. 74. of the 
Woodmen of the World, being consul commander. 

John A. Foster. Connected with the lumber interest of the south 
since boyhood and holding rank among the progressive men who have 
been instrumental in developing this industry in Georgia. John A. Fos- 
ter is widely known among the business men of this state and more 
especially in the city of Savannah, where he is a member of the firm of 
Hilton & Dodge Lumber Company. 

John A. Foster was born in Savannah, in 1853, a son of John A. 
and Ruth (Lachlison) Foster, natives respectively of Philadelphia. 
Pennsylvania and Preston, England, the mother being a sister of the 
mother of Joseph Hilton, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work. 
A brother of Mr. Foster is Captain James L. Foster, an account of 
whose distinguished services as a soldier follows on a succeeding page. 

John A. Foster was reared in his native city where he was brought 
up amid the excitement of Avar and in the hardships of reconstruction 
and resided there until 1869 when he went to Darien. Like his brother 
he has been connected Avith the Hilton & Foster Lumber interests, noAV 
knoAvn as the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company, since 1869. At that 
time, when only sixteen years of age, he started at Darien as a board 
inspector, and in 1882 became a partner in the firm AA'ith which he has 
since been connected as a member. He had charge of the southern di- 
vision of the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company until 1907. in which year 
he came to Savannah. For several years he resided at Ceylon on the 
Santillo river, AA ? here the company had two mills and from that point 
moved to a home on St. Simon's Island, Avhere his family resided until 
the removal to Savannah in 1907. Mr. Foster's long experience in the 
lumber industry has given him a A^ast and comprehensiA'e knowledge 
of every detail of the business, and he is regarded as one of the 
best informed lumbermen in the state. He returned from Nicaragua. 
April 19, 1913, and is iioav negotiating with the government of Nicara- 
gua for timber properties and a transcontinental railroad franchise, 
which looks A r ery faA r orable. His business capacity is of a high order, 
but high as this ability has ranked in the special department of 
Georgia's industries to which his energies have been so long and so 
successfully deA^oted, it stands not higher than his personal character 
in the estimation of a large circle of acquaintances and of the people 
of that portion of the state where his large interests are centered. 

Mr. Foster has been twice married, his first AA-ife having been Miss 
Estella Floyd, who was the mother of four children, namely: Ruth. 
Katharine, Ida Hilton and Jule Floyd. Three years following the death 
of his first Avife, Mr. Foster Avas married to Miss Augusta Russell, and 
they have five children, Avhose names are Georgia. Elizabeth Lachlison. 
Rosa Lee. Floyd and John. 

Capt. Henry Cumming Cunningham. A man of distinctiA-e culture 
and forceful individuality, Capt. Henry Cumming Cunningham is an 
able and influential member of the Savannah bar. and a citizen of promi- 
nence. He Avas born April 5, 1842, in Savannah, a son of Dr. Alexander 
and Anna Prances (Mayhew) Cunningham, and in the city schools 
acquired his first knowledge of books. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 675 

In 1858 he entered South Carolina College, now the University of/ 
South Carolina, and was there graduated with the class of 1861. Im- 
mediately after receiving his diploma, he entered the Confederate army 
as a private, and one year later, upon competitive examination, was 
appointed first lieutenant of artillery, and assigned to ordnance duty 
upon the staff of Gen. William B. Talliaferro, who was stationed in 
Savannah. Later Captain Cunningham was in service at Charleston, 
South Carolina, being with the army at the evacuation of that city. 
Subsequently, while holding a similar position upon the staff of Gen. 
Stephen Elliott, he participated in the battles at Averysboro and Ben- 
tonville, and in other engagements of the Carolina campaign, at the 
close of the conflict being paroled at Greensboro. 

After the war Captain Cunningham returned to Savannah, and 
entered the service of the Central of Georgia Railway Company, first as 
a clerk, and later becoming treasurer of the company. Studying law 
in the meantime, the captain was admitted to the bar in 1872, and for 
four years was associated in the practice of his profession with Charles 
N. West. From 1876 until 1881, he maintained an individual practice, 
in the latter year forming a partnership with Gen. A. R. Lawton and 
A. R. Lawton, Jr., the firm of Lawton & Cunningham was established, 
and has been continued under this name ever since, a period of more 
than thirty years. Upon the withdrawal of General Lawton from the 
firm, Captain Cunningham became senior member of the firm, which 
is one of the leading law firms of Georgia. This firm is general counsel 
for the Central of Georgia Railway Company, and has an extensive and 
lucrative patronage. 

From 1880 until 1887 Captain Cunningham was corporation attorney 
of Savannah, and he is now one of the members of the board of managers 
of the Georgia Historical Society. He is senior warden of the Christ 
church, Episcopal, and occupies an honored place among Savannah's 
most distinguished citizens. 

Captain Cunningham married first, December 19, 1867, Miss Virginia 
Waldburg Wayne, a daughter of Dr. Richard Wayne, of Savannah. 
She died, leaving four children, of whom three are living, namely: 
Thomas Mayhew Cunningham ; Mrs. Virginia C. Cleveland ; and C. 
Wayne Cunningham. The captain was subsequently married to Miss 
Nora Lawton, a daughter of Gen. A. R. Lawton, and they have one 
daughter, Miss Sarah A. Cunningham. 

William Barron Crawford, M. D., Savannah, Georgia, is classed 
in the foremost rank of the younger members of his profession in this 
city, where he was born and reared. 

Dr. Crawford dates his birth in 1876. Through his father, William 
C. Crawford, he traces the line of ancestry back to progenitors in Scot- 
land: and through his mother, Mary (Barron) Crawford, he claims 
Irish blood. 

The first of the Crawfords who came to this country from Scotland 
landed here as early as 1663 and made settlement in Appling county, 
Virginia, which was the home of the family for many generations. There 
were born his grandfather and great-grandfather Crawford, both named 
William, and both of whom, when the former was a small child, came 
to Georgia. In Muscogee county, near Columbus, Georgia, William C. 
Crawford, the doctor 's father, was born, and from there, at the age of six 
years, was brought by his parents to Savannah, which city remained his 
home during the rest of his life, and where he died in 1883. He was a 

Vol. 11—10 



676 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

successful merchant, and for a number of years was a member of the 
hardware firm of Crawford & Lovell. 

The doctor's mother died in Savannah in 1890. She was born in 
Philadelphia and in her childhood came to Savannah, where she grew 
up and married and where the rest of her life was passed. Her mother 
was a native of the city of Cork, Ireland, and a member of the 'Brien 
family which furnished a bishop to the Roman Catholic church. 

After his graduation from the Savannah high school, William B. 
Crawford, having decided to enter the medical profession, went to New 
York to pursue his studies. There, in 1899, he graduated from the 
medical department of Columbia University, after which he spent two 
years as interne in Roosevelt Hospital. Returning to Savannah in 
1901, he opened an office and began the practice of his profession among 
the people who had known him since childhood. Thoroughly fitted for 
his work, and with a deep interest in and love for it, his practice has 
been attended with success from its beginning, and today he occupies a 
position among the leading physicians of the city. He is consulting 
surgeon of St. Joseph's Hospital, and is identified with a number of 
medical organizations, including the American, the State and County 
Medical societies. He is a member of the Catholic church, and also 
has membership in the Hibernian Society, Knights of Columbus, and 
B. P. 0. E. 

Dr. Crawford's family consists of his wife and two children, Mary 
Barron and William. Mrs. Crawford, formerly Miss Rachel Miles Shell- 
man, is a daughter of Maj. W. F. Shellman. 

Grantham I. TagGxVRT. In recalling the men who have contributed 
to the business prosperity of Savannah, Georgia, and whose names belong 
to the roll of men of distinction in military life, the late Col. Grant- 
ham I. Taggart claims prominent notice. His birth took place on 
October 17, 1828, at Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and his death 
occurred October 24, 1905, at Savannah, Georgia. His father was 
James Taggart and his grandfather was Capt.. Joseph Israel Taggart 
who commnded a Delaware contingent in the Continental array in the 
Revolutionary war and was imprisoned on the British frigate. Roebuck. 

In the schools of Northumberland, Pennsylvania, Grantham I. Tag- 
gart obtained his education and when he was sixteen years of age his 
practical father decided that his services could be profitably utilized in 
his grocery store. That the youth had other ambitions may be judged 
by the fact that he continued his studies at night in order to qualify 
himself for teaching school and in fact, taught two terms of school just 
across the Susquehanna river from his native place. Prior to this, how- 
ever, he had had his first taste of military life, in 1815 enlisting as a 
volunteer for service in the Mexican war, and, although young, had 
been made second lieutenant of the Sixth Company, First Battalion, 
Third Regiment, Pennsylvania National Guard. Whether it was the 
times in which he lived that aroused his military spirit and later 
developed his powers, or, whether they were an inheritance from his 
Revolutionary grandfather, may not be determined, hut it is certain 
that after the Third Regiment was sent hack home on account of the 
cessation of the war, he continued in close touch with military matters 
and as a member of the state militia, studied tactics and the science of 
war. 

In 1853 he left his native place and went to Philadelphia and there 
engaged as a clerk in several retail stores on Market street and later, 




GRANTHAM I. TAGGART 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 677 

in partnership with two other young men, embarked in the hat, cap ancj 
fur business in that city, and a satisfactory business was being done 
when the Civil war broke out. He joined the first volunteer company 
enlisted at Philadelphia and through the interest of Hon. Simon Cam- 
eron, then secretary of war, in President Lincoln's cabinet, who was a 
friend of his father, the young man was commissioned second lieutenant, 
and he continued in the Federal army until the close of hostilities 
between the North and South. A record is here presented of the battles 
in which he participated: 1861, Bull Run and Fredericksburg; 1862, 
Corinth, Island No. 10, New Madrid; 1863, Arkansas Post, Baker's 
Creek, Big Black River, Farmington, Grand Gulf, Jackson, Siege of 
Vicksburg, Port Gibson and Raymond ; 1864, prior to accompanying 
General Sherman's forces on its march to the sea, Long Bridge, Roanoke 
Station, Reams Station, Siege of Petersburg, Spottsylvania Court House, 
Todd's Tavern, White Oak Swamp, Wilderness, Beaver Dam, Yellow 
Tavern, Meadow Bridge, Mechamp's Creek, Ashland and Hawk's Shop. 

Colonel Taggart's connection with the history of Savannah began 
in the fall of 1864, when, as chief commissary of subsistence, under 
Gen. John A. McClernand, with the rank of captain, he entered 
Savannah and established headquarters for his department opposite the 
residence on Bull street, that was the headquarters of the commander, 
General Sherman. His services, however, were never strictly confined 
to the commissary department while chief in command, for he was such 
an efficient all-around soldier that he was needed in many departments 
Diu-ing the siege of Vicksburg he served under General Grant with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel. At various times during the war, Colonel 
Taggart was detailed to conduct schools of instruction for officers in 
saber practice, being a skilled swordsman. He received many medals 
for conspicuous bravery in battle and efficiency on scouting expeditions, 
while, in the files of his letters and the documents preserved by his 
family, there are included many testimonials as to his ability as a soldier 
and officer as well as expressions of the highest personal regard, a num- 
ber of these being from General Grant, having enjoyed the confidence 
and friendship of the great commander for many years. 

Under date of August 23, 1864, Brig.-Gen. John H. Wilson wrote 
to Gov. Andrew G. Curtin, of Pennsylvania, as follows: 

"Colonel Taggart is well qualified to command a regiment and has 
seen varied, active and honorable service in all parts of the country. 
I have known him from the beginning of the Vicksburg campaign, and 
have always found him at his post. ' ' 

Under date of June 17, 1863, the following letter was written by 
Maj.-Gen. John A. McClernand, from the headquarters of the Thirteenth 
Army Corps, near Vicksburg : 

"Permit me to recommend Lieutenant-Colonel Taggart, chief com- 
missary of the Thirteenth Army Corps, for promotion in the line. 
He is an officer of remarkable activity, zeal and aptitude. I believe 
he would distinguish himself in command. He has afforded valuable 
services to me, not only in his own department, but in general service 
on several battlefields. He will fulfill every just expectation. I hope 
you will be pleased to give him a wider and more conspicuous field 
for the display of his talents." This letter was directed to President 
Lincoln. 

In January, 1866, Colonel Taggart returned to Savannah, his pre- 
vious experiences during war convincing him that here might be found 
an ideal home during peace. He established the coal business which 



678 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

has been continued by the family ever since, in his later years his two 
sons, Grantham I. and John P., under the firm name of Taggart & 
Company, assuming charge. This is one of the largest coal firms on the 
South Atlantic coast, being wholesale shippers. The firm are coaling 
contractors for steamships and they have English representatives in 
the firm of Hull, Blythe & Company, of London. "With great foresight 
and judgment they are managing the coal situation precipitated by the 
recent conditions brought about by coal troubles in England. AVales 
and Germany. Colonel Taggart, late in 1866, embarked in a theatrical 
enterprise, in partnership with a brother of the late Fanny Davenport, 
taking over the management of the old Savannah theater and produc- 
ing excellent plays presenting such noted people as Fanny Davenport 
and Joseph Jefferson. Although this venture was not a success it was 
not so much for want of business foresight as on account of the temper 
of the times and a lack of financial stability among people who for- 
merly had been of independent fortune. It was some years later before 
complete confidence was restored and old-time conditions again pre- 
vailed. After his retirement from the theatrical business, Colonel Tag- 
gart devoted himself exclusively to his coal interests. 

Colonel Taggart married Miss Martha Ethel Kirksey. who was born 
at Tallahassee, Florida, and died at Savannah, in 1903. Their two sons, 
as mentioned above, are prominent business men of this city and in addi- 
tion to his coal connections, Grantham I. Taggart is also president of 
the Taggart-Delph Lumber Company of Savannah. While a resident 
of Pennsylvania, Colonel Taggart became identified with the Masonic 
fraternity and subsequently served as district deputy grand master 
of that state. 

Harry B. Grimshaw, superintendent of the Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
way, Savannah, Georgia, is prominent and popular alike in both busi- 
ness and social circles of this city. A brief review of his life gives the 
following facts : 

Harry B. Grimshaw was born in Choctaw county. Alabama, in 1872. 
"When he was a child, his parents removed to southern California, where 
he spent twelve years of his boyhood. Returning to Alabama, he began 
railroad service in 1890, at the age of eighteen, as a fireman, running 
out of Troy, on the old Alabama Midland Railway. He worked on that 
road till 1892, when he became an employe of the operating department 
of the old Savannah, Americus & Montgomery Railroad (now the Sea- 
board Air Line), and has remained with this system, under its different 
changes, ever since that time, with the exception of two years, when he 
was superintendent of the Savannah & Statesboro Railroad. Mr. Grhn- 
sliaw has lived in Savannah since 1898. 

On September 1, 1905, Mr. Grimshaw became superintendent of the 
Savannah division of the Seaboard Air Line, his jurisdiction then extend- 
ing over the Savannah terminals and the lines west of Savannah extend- 
ing to Montgomery, Alabama. On November 1. 1910, his jurisdiction 
as superintendent was expanded to include, in addition to the territory 
just mentioned, the main north and south line of the Seaboard extending 
from Columbia. South Carolina, to Jacksonville, Florida. This consol- 
idated territory embraces 740 miles of railway, and is perhaps one of the 
largest divisions under one division superintendent. Mr. Grimshaw has 
rendered notably efficient and skillful services in railroad operation and 
is of high standing in railroad official circles. 

While not a politician in any sense of the word. Mr. Grimshaw can 
be depended upon to support the best men and measures, and is recog- 
nized as an all-around representative citizen. In 1910 he was honored 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 679 

by being elected a member of the Savannah board of aldermen. Fra- 
ternally, he is an Elk and a Mason. He belongs to Ancient Landmark' 
Lodge, No. 231, F. & A. M., and Richard Nunn Consistory, No. 1, in 
which be received the thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite; and he has 
membership in Savannah Lodge of Elks, No. 183. 

Robert B. Hubert, of Savannah, is a representative of one of the 
prominent families of southern Georgia. 

He was born in Effingham county, Georgia, son of Hiram and Lela 
M. (Morton) Hubert, now residents of Quitman, Brooks county, this 
state. The Huberts are of French Huguenot descent, and the first of 
the family who came to America landed in the Old Dominion following 
the Edict of Nantes. From Virginia Hiram Hubert 's father came to 
Georgia, about 1800, and made settlement in Warren county. The 
original home established by him in that county is still in possession of 
the Hubert family. Hiram Hubert, a native of Warren county, lived 
for several years in Effingham county, where he was a prosperous 
planter, and from whence he removed to Quitman, Brooks county, which, 
as above stated, is still his home. Mr. Hubert's mother, Lela M. (Mor- 
ton) Hubert, was born at Halcyondale, Screven county, Georgia, where 
her father, who was a native of Massachusetts, had settled in the early 
days. Her father was of English descent and her mother, whose 
maiden name was Archer, was descended from one of the Salzburger 
colonists from Germany who settled in Effingham county in 1734. Mrs. 
Hubert's maternal grandmother was an Ennis, a member of a family 
who came direct from the north of Ireland to south Georgia previous 
to the year 1800. An uncle of the subject of this sketch, his mother's 
eldest brother, the late J. 0. Morton, who died at Quitman, Georgia, in 
1910, at the age of ninety-two years, was one of the oldest bankers in 
the Dnited States and had been in the banking business at Quitman 
for a number of years. 

Robert B. Hubert received his education in the public schools of 
Quitman and lived there with his parents until 1891, when he came 
to Savannah. This city has since been his home. In 1906, the Savan- 
nah Pure Milk Company, of which he was one of the organizers, was es- 
tablished, and he became its secretary and manager and continued with 
the company until it was dissolved, 1911. He is now in the dairy busi- 
ness for himself at 16 Estell avenue, where he has a large and modern 
plant. 

Mr. Hubert is one of the prominent Masons of Savannah and Georgia. 
He is a member of Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, of Savannah, of which, in 
1910, he served as worshipful master; also he is a Knight Templar Ma- 
son and a member of Alee Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. of Savannah. 

Mr. Hubert's wife, formerly Miss Josephine Boulineau Hodges, Avas 
born and reared in Savannah. 

Raiford Falligant. Among the more prominent members of the 
younger generation of the bar of Savannah is Raiford Falligant, who has 
attained a deservedly high place for ability and integrity in his profes- 
sion. As indicated by his name he is of French stock and comes of a 
race distinguished for their patriotism and military enthusiasm, the 
Falligant history containing several pages unsurpassed in interest and 
romance. In days of peace, the stanch traits transmitted by his ances- 
tors are revealed in the subject in a particularly good type of citizenship. 

Savannah is the scene of the birth of Raiford Falligant, his life rec- 
ord having begun within the fair boundaries of the city on the 12th 
day of January, 1879. He is the son of Dr. Louis Alexander and Rosa 



680 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Oliver (Brown) Falligant. The father was born in Augusta in 1836 
and died at his home in Savannah July 5, 1903. He was a physician 
and surgeon of unusual distinction and a veteran of the Civil war. He 
held the post of surgeon in the Confederate army ; was stationed at 
Fort Pulaski just prior to its capture; and had charge of the medical 
department at the time Sherman's army came into Savannah. He had 
studied medicine in the medical department of Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity at Baltimore and his breadth of spirit led him in later years to 
perfect himself also in the homeopathic school and he combined the two 
schools in his practice. He was city health officer and an alderman of 
Savannah for a number of years. He achieved much well-merited fame 
as an expert on yellow fever, which came to him following his heroic 
services as a physician in Savannah during the yellow fever epidemic 
of 1876, at which time he was also a member of the sanitary board of the 
city. The federal authorities appointed him a member of the board of 
experts of the congressional yellow fever commission in 1878, in which 
capacity he went to New Orleans and gave his services to that city 
during the great epidemic of 1878. He was a member of the advisory 
council of the American Public Health Association; a member of the 
American Institute of Homeopathy and a member of the Homeopathic 
Yellow Fever Commission. He was one of the most public-spirited men 
in his profession and was connected with various other useful activities 
in connection. He wrote an exhaustive report of the yellow fever epi- 
demic in Savannah in 1876, which was contributed to the medical press 
and afterward reprinted in pamphlet form. He was a member of the 
Society of Cincinnati, as was also his brother, Judge Robert Falligant. 

Dr. Falligant had nine brothers and sisters ; of these, the late Judge 
Robert Falligant was also a prominent citizen of Savannah, but in an- 
other profession — that of law. He was born in this city in 1839 and died 
here on January 3, 1902. He was a state senator for a number of years 
and later was judge of the superior court for the Savannah circuit. He 
was an able and accomplished jurist and did a large share in contrib- 
uting to the high professional prestige of the city which was the scene 
of his activities. During the war he was active in the Confederate army 
and was lieutenant in command of a field battery of Georgia troops. 
After the war he was captain for a number of years of the Oglethorpe 
Light Infantry. 

Mr. Falligant 's paternal grandfather was Louis Numa Falligant, 
who was the son of Louis Falligant, a Frenchman, and it is the record 
of the latter 's life that gives to the Falligant family history a romantic 
tinge of the greatest interest. It was the latter who was a soldier un- 
der Napoleon on the Island of Martinique and founded the Falligant 
family on American soil. This Louis Falligant was born in the village 
of Paimboeuf, France; was well educated, trained for a soldier and 
became an ardent follower and admirer of Napoleon, whose army he 
joined. The Little Corporal sent him to the Island of Martinique in 
charge of the military stores on the island, a position of importance. 
There he met, wooed and married Miss Louise Benedict, a beautiful 
young American girl, who in early childhood had lost her parents, in 
Norfolk, Virginia, her home, and was taken by a neighboring family to 
Martinique. There she was placed in a convent conducted by French 
nuns, Josephine de la Pagerie, who later was to become the Empress 
Josephine, being a student in the convent at the same time, and the nun 
in charge of the school being an aunt of Josephine. Miss Benedict, thus 
accustomed to the French language from childhood, became very pro- 
ficient in the tongue and when in later years she came to America with 
her husband, she had to acquire her native language, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 681 

About the year 1814, or shortly before the downfall of Napoleon, 
Louis Falligant and his wife left the Island of Martinique and went, to 
Paris and later to Paimboeuf, the ancestral home of the Falligants. The 
downfall of Napoleon and the radical change of affairs in France led 
Falligant to long for other scenes and he decided to come to America, 
his wife's native country. With his wife and children he left France in 
the latter part of 1815 and first located in Philadelphia, becoming asso- 
ciated in business with Henry Dreeash. He soon removed from Phila- 
delphia to Norfolk, Virginia, and in the fall of 1817 he came with his 
family to Savannah, where the Falligants have since resided, and where 
Louis Falligant resided until his death. His son, Louis Numa Falligant, 
was born on the Island of Martinique and was married in Augusta, 
Georgia, January 6, 1836, to Miss Eliza Robey Raiford, and these two 
were the parents of Dr. L. A. Falligant and Judge Robert Falligant, 
referred to in foregoing paragraphs. 

Louise Benedict, through her ancestry, was a member of a prominent 
family in early colonial history. She was the granddaughter of Eli 
Benedict, descendant of an English family that came to America about 
the same time as the Puritans and with a number of other English fami- 
lies settled the town of Danbury, Virginia. Eli Benedict was a Royalist 
in the War of the Revolution and became a lieutenant in the English 
army, which he had joined at the age of eighteen. He died November 
27, 1795, at the age of thirty-six. The .subject's paternal grandmother, 
Eliza Robey (Raiford ) Falligant, was born in North Carolina, daughter 
of Alexander Gray and Eliza (Battey) Raiford, and granddaughter of 
Robert Raiford, who was captain and brevet major in the Continental 
line in the American Revolution. 

Mr. Falligant 's mother, who is still living in Savannah, is the daugh- 
ter of Marmaduke D. and Catherine Elizabeth (Salfner) Brown. Miss 
Salfner was the daughter of Matthew and Dorothy Salfner, who came 
with the Salzburger family from Germany to Savannah, about 1759, 
being among the earliest settlers of Chatham county. The present gen- 
eration, as represented by the subject, still owns much valuable land in 
Chatham county that has been in the family since the first generation of 
Salfners, who received a grant of land at Vernonsburg (now White 
Bluff) from King George. 

Mr. Falligant received his preliminary education in the public 
schools and subsequently matriculated in the University of Georgia, 
from the law department of which he was graduated in the class of 
1899. Ever since that time he has been successfully engaged in the 
practice of his profession in this city and is one of Savannah's repre- 
sentative young citizens. 

On the 21st day of April, 1908, Mr. Falligant became a recruit to the 
ranks of the benedicts, the young lady to become his wife being Miss 
Iola P. Baker, born in Macon, Georgia. They have a son, Raiford, Jr. 
They are prominent in the best social circles of the city, and Mr. Falli- 
gant is a member of the Society of Cincinnati. 

Jefferson Randolph Anderson was born in Savannah, Georgia, 
September 4, 1861, and has back of him an honorable and distinguished 
ancestry. He is the eldest of five children. In the paternal line he is 
descended from Capt, George Anderson, of England, who came to this 
country from Berwick on the Tweed, and was married in Trinity church, 
New York, on February 16, 1671, to Doborah Grant of that city, and 
settled in Savannah about the year 1763. Mr. Anderson's grandfather 
was Mr. George Wayne Anderson, who was a nephew of Justice James 
M. Wayne of the supreme court of the United States, and was for forty 



682 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

years prior to the Civil war the president of the old Planters Bank in 
Savannah, one of the greatest of the South 's antebellum financial insti- 
tutions. His father was Col. Edward Clifford Anderson, Jr., who, at 
the bloody cavalry battle at Trevillians Station, in Virginia, in 1864, 
succeeded to the colonelcy of the Seventh Georgia Cavalry in the army 
of the Confederacy; and who fell a victim at the post of duty in the 
yellow fever epidemic in Savannah in 1876. 

In the maternal line, Mr. Anderson is a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Jefferson, third president of the United States and author of the Decla- 
ration of American Independence, his mother, Jane Margaret Randolph, 
of Albemarle county, Virginia, being a granddaughter of Col. Thomas 
Jefferson Randolph, of "Edgehill, " in that county, and who himself 
was the eldest grandson of Mr. Jefferson. 

Jefferson Randolph Anderson obtained his early education in various 
schools in Savannah, Georgia, and was graduated from the Chatham 
county high school in the class of 1877, and then entered the Hanover 
Academy of Hanover county, Virginia, of which Col. Hilary P. Jones 
was the principal. He remained a student there through two consecu- 
tive years, and in 1879 matriculated in the University of Virginia, spend- 
ing there the scholastic years of 1879-80 and 1880-81, pursuing his studies 
in various branches in the academic department. He then went abroad 
and enjoyed superior educational advantages in the University of Gott- 
ingen in Germany, where for nearly two years he pursued the studies 
of history, literature and Roman, or civil, law under the celebrated 
jurist, Professor von Ehring. Returning to America in the summer of 
1883, he again entered the University of Virginia, taking during the 
session of 1883-84 a part of the academic course and a part of the law 
course. He attended the summer law school of Prof. John B. Minor 
during the summer of 1884 and during the following session of 1884-85 
took the remainder of the regular law course, being graduated in June, 
1885, with the degree of Bachelor of Law. 

While at the university, Mr. Anderson was a member of the Alpha 
Tau Omega fraternity, which he joined in 1879, and in 1883 he became 
a member of a student social organization known as the Eli Banana, 
composed of the leading students in the various Greek letter fraternities. 
He took active interest in all branches of student life, and in the spring of 
1884 was the "bow oar" on the 'varsity crew. In June, 1884. he was 
elected by his fellow students to the position of "Pinal President" of 
the Jefferson Literary Society, which at that time was regarded, and 
perhaps still is regarded, as the highest honor which could be conferred 
by the students of the university upon a fellow student. 

Mr. Anderson was admitted to the bar in Virginia and began prac- 
ticing law in Savannah, Georgia, in November, 1885. in the office of his 
relative, the late Judge Walter S. Chisholm. one of the most distinguished 
lawyers in Georgia,, who at that time was the general counsel for the 
Plant System of Railways, the Southern Express Company and many 
other large interests. In the summer of 1887 Mr. Anderson decided to 
branch out for himself, and as a preliminary step, took a course in prac- 
tical business training in the Eastman Business College at Poughkeepsie, 
New York, and opened his law office in Savannah the following October. 
In May, 1890, he entered the law firm of Charlton & MaekaU as junior 
partner, a partnership which the following year caused the firm style 
of Charlton, Mackall & Anderson to be adopted and which was retained 
until the retirement of the senior partner in June, 1900. This firm be- 
came in 1895 the general counsel for the Georgia & Alabama Railway 
and represented many large corporate, as well as private, interests. The 
firm of Mackall & Anderson then existed from July, 1900, until October. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 683 

1902, when it was dissolved and Mr. Anderson continued for some years 
alone in the practice. In February, 1908, he formed a co-partnership 
with Hon. George T. Cann, who resigned from the bench of the eastern 
judicial circuit of Georgia for that purpose, and this firm under the 
style of Anderson & Cann continued until January 1, 1911, when Hon. 
J. Ferris Cann became a member and the firm name was changed to 
Anderson, Cann & Cann. This firm is the division counsel for the 
portions in Georgia of the fourth and fifth divisions of the Seaboard 
Air Line Railway, and represents a large and influential clientele, their 
practice being general, although largely in the departments of corpora- 
tion law and admiralty. 

Mr. Anderson participates actively in the business life of his city 
and state. He is president of the Savannah & Statesboro Railway 
Company, whose management and affairs he personally directs. He is 
also president of the Georgia & Alabama Terminal Company, which 
owns the great export terminals used by the Seaboard Air Line Railway 
Company at Savannah ; and he is a director in quite a number of busi- 
ness concerns, among others the Savannah Trust Company, the Atlantic 
Compress Company, the Savannah Electric Company, the Savannah 
Union Station Company, and the Chatham Real Estate & Improve- 
ment Company. 

In the field of politics, Mr. Anderson is well and favorably known 
throughout the state. He represented his county in the legislature of 
3905-06, and quickly earned a state-wide reputation for ability, earnest- 
ness and fairness as a legislator. He was re-elected for the session of 
1909-10 and occupied the very important position of vice-chairman of 
the committee on rules, the speaker being exofficio the chairman. In 
politics, Mr. Anderson's chief interest seems to be in the direction of 
advocating conservatism in legislation and in matters relating to the 
education and improvement of the youth of his state. In the session of 
1905, he was vice-chairman of the house committee, which created eight 
new counties in Georgia. He energetically supported the measure creat- 
ing a juvenile reformatory and he was floor leader in the house for the 
movement which enacted the first child labor law in Georgia. In 1906 
he actively assisted in the passage of the law which created the system 
of congressional agricultural schools in Georgia and he has been since 
its establishment the chairman of the board of trustees of the agricul- 
tural school for the first congressional district of Georgia. He was also 
chairman of the commission appointed by the state to erect in Savannah 
a monument to General Oglethorpe, the founder of the original colony 
of Georgia, the monument being erected in 1910. In the house of 1909 
he introduced measures providing for the extension and improvement 
of the child labor law, for the appointment of a tax commission to revise 
and equalize the system and methods of state taxation, and for biennial 
instead of annual sessions of the legislature. 

Mr. Anderson was re-elected for the succeeding term, session of 
1910-11, and was influential in bringing about a great deal of help- 
ful legislation. He was one of the authors of the bill creating the 
bureau of labor ; he was the author of the bill reapportioning the 
state of Georgia into twelve congressional districts instead of eleven, 
providing for one additional congressman ; he took an active part in 
the passage of the act increasing the borrowing power of the governor 
from $200,000 to $500,000, and also in that providing for the payment 
of corporation taxes in September instead of December. He was one 
of the authors of the general educational bill, which became a law. He 
was thus concerned in all the leading issues in the legislature and no 
member was prominent in a more effective or praiseworthy fashion. In 



684 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

the year 1912 Mr. Anderson was one of the eight delegates from the 
state at large to the national Democratic convention in Baltimore, and 
in October of that year he was elected to the senate of Georgia as senator 
from the first senatorial district for the term of two years. 

Mr. Anderson during his earlier years took a strong interest in 
military matters. He was for several years an active member of the 
Georgia Hussars and later held a commission from the state as second 
lieutenant in the Savannah Volunteer Guards, two of the oldest and most 
historic military organizations in the South. He has also entered upon 
various congenial social relations, being a member of the Oglethorpe 
Club of Savannah, of which he is the vice-president ; of the Capital City 
Club of Atlanta; the Savannah Golf Club; the Savannah Yacht Club; 
and the Georgia Historical Society. He is also a Royal Arch Mason, 
a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks and of the Sons of the American Revolution. He is 
an Episcopalian and is one of the vestrymen of Christ church, Savannah. 

Mr. Anderson was married November 27, 1895, to Anne Page Wilder, 
of Savannah, only child of Joseph J. and Georgia Page (King) Wilder. 
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have had three children : Page Randolph Ander- 
son, born August 27, 1899 ; Jefferson Randolph Anderson, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1902, died November 29, 1903 ; and Joseph "Wilder Anderson, 
born April 22, 1905. The family residence is in Savannah, with a sum- 
mer home, "Oakton, " at the foot of Kenesaw mountain, near Marietta, 
Georgia. 

Julian Schley. Conspicuous among the distinguished citizens who 
have given to Savannah its name as one of the most progressive and 
promising cities of the entire South is Julian Schley, known for many 
years as one of the leading insurance agents of the state. Belonging 
to a family that has been held in the highest esteem and honor through- 
out the state for many years, he has made Savannah his home since his 
boyhood days. A son of the late John Schley, he was born, August 7, 
1852, at Richmond Hill, on the old Schley homestead, near Augusta, 
Georgia. 

The Schley family was first represented on American soil by two 
brothers, John Jacob Schley and Thomas Schley, who, in 1745, emigrated 
from Germany to the United States, locating in the mountainous regions 
of Maryland, near Hagerstown and Frederick, where their families 
were born and reared, and where many of their descendants, people of 
prominence and worth, still reside. To those familiar with the history 
of our country, it is needless to say that various members of the Schley 
family have gained renown in different lines, and as physicians, jurists, 
and military and naval commanders have wrought much, not only for 
Maryland and Georgia, but for the United States. The late Admiral 
Winfield Scott Schley, of the United States navy, known as the "Hero 
of Santiago," and the late Judge William Schley, of Baltimore, famous 
for his decisions as a jurist in the Maryland courts, were both cousins 
of Julian Schley, of this brief biographical article. 

Mr. Schley's grandfather, Judge John Schley, was a son of John 
Jacob Schley, Jr., who removed from Maryland to Georgia in the 
early part of the nineteenth century, locating in Jefferson county, at 
Louisville, which was then the capital of the state. Acquiring fame as 
one of the foremost lawyers of the state. Judge John Schley, presided 
over the bench of the middle circuit of Georgia from 1S41 until 1S45. 
during which time justice was the constant motive of his decisions. His 
brothers. Gov. William Schley and George Schley, were both men of 
prominence and influence. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 685 

Hon. William Schley, who was governor of Georgia from 1835 to 
1837, was a noted member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Ordef 
of Masons, his ''history of Masonry" having been the first pretentious 
work of the kind written and published in this country. During his 
administration as governor, the charter of the Central Railroad of Geor- 
gia was granted. He and his brother, John Jacob Schley, Jr., were 
pioneers in the history of the railroads and cotton mills of the state, 
having the honor of erecting the second and third cotton mills estab- 
lished in Georgia. 

George Schley, brother of Judge John Schley and Gov. William 
Schley, was for nearly half a century one of the foremost men of the 
city of Savannah, his death, on April 17, 1851, being a cause of general 
regret. The esteem in which he was held was voiced the following day 
in an editorial which appeared in the Daily Georgian, of Savannah, 
as follows: 

We announce with sincere sorrow the death of George Schley, late 
postmaster of our city. His spirit departed from among us early on 
yesterday morning. The deceased gentleman had been a resident of 
Savannah for some forty-five years, having come from Louisville, this 
state, where his father resided, early in the present century, to embark 
in mercantile affairs. He became in time an officer connected with the 
Custom House, and afterwards a dry goods merchant. He was teller 
of the branch bank of the United States when it was first established 
here, in 1819. 

Mr. Schley received from John Q. Adams the appointment of post- 
master of Savannah, which position, under all changes of political 
power, he held to the hour of his death, enjoying the confidence of 
every administration. He had also the kind regard and respect of his 
immediate fellow citizens. He was for many years a commissioned officer 
of the Georgia Hussars, also a member of the city council ; and during a 
long number of years was a director of the bank of the state of Georgia. 
He received from our county superior court the appointment of master 
in chancery, which post often required long and elaborate investigations 
of accounts. He was commissioner for half the states of the union to 
take acknowledgments and proofs of deeds. So accurate was his knowl- 
edge of the laws of insurance, especially of marine insurance, that con- 
tests arising under those laws were frequently referred to him for 
adjudication, in preference to litigation before the courts. 

Mr. Schley was a gentleman in the highest meaning of the term ; 
well educated, a man of literature — better read, perhaps, in the English 
classics than any other citizen among us ; one whose library was his 
delight, and whose society was courted by men of intellectual refinement. 
No man who was ever honored by his friendship can forget his brilliant 
conversational powers. He was true to his friends and kind to his 
servants. 

He was a brother of the late Judge John Schley, of Governor Wil- 
liam Schley of Augusta, and of Philip T. Schley of Columbus. His 
family circle in Georgia and in the state of Maryland is large and of the 
first degree of respectability. Many a heart will be pained by the sad 
intelligence of his death. He was the intimate personal friend from 
earliest boyhood of the late Edward F. Tattnall, and was always the 
associate of AVilliam Gaston. The shipping in port was at half mast dur- 
ing the day. 

Judge John Schley had a large family of children, consisting of 
seven sons and three daughters, as follows: John Schley, Jr., father of 
Julian Schley; George Schley; Dr. James Montfort Schley; Robert 
Schley; Judge William Schley; Philip Schley; Freeman Walker 



686 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Schley; Sara Schley; Anna Maria Schley; and Mary Ann Schley. Dr. 
James Mont fort Schley and Judge William Schley, the, third and fifth 
sons, are particularly well remembered by Savannahians, the former as 
a distinguished physician who practiced his profession in this city many 
years ; the latter as a prominent lawyer and judge of the superior court 
of Savannah. The son Philip was also an able member of the bar and 
one of the leading lawyers of Columbus, who for many years was a resi- 
dent of Savannah, living here prior to the war, and being owner of two 
brick houses on Whitaker street, immediately west of the residence of 
Gen. Peter Meldrim. 

The eldest son of Judge John Schley, John Schley, father of Julian 
Schley, studied law when young, and subsequetly became one of the 
leading lights of the legal profession, as an attorney and jurist attaining 
note. Coming in 185-1 from his home near Augusta to Savannah, he 
purchased the beautiful sea-island plantation known as "Beaulieu, " 
which was located about twelve miles from the business portion of the 
city. In the second year of the Civil war he was forced to vacate his 
plantation, which was requisitioned by the Confederate government 
for the site of a fortification officially designated "Beaulieu Battery." 
He married Ellen McAlpin, who was born in Scotland, and came to 
Savannah with her father, Henry McAlpin, who built up the famous 
estate called "The Hermitage. ", 

Spending his childhood days at "Beaulieu," Julian Schley came 
with his parents to Savannah in 1863, and since 1872 has been actively 
identified with the leading interests of this city. For the greater part 
of the time he has been connected with general insurance, and since 
1888 has been general agent for the Penn Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany. His relations with this company have been exceptionally pleasant 
and profitable, the business showing gratifying increase from year to 
year. One of the most esteemed and best-liked citizens of Savannah, 
Mr. Schley has been accorded many positions of honor in recognition 
of his progressive and liberal-minded character, and at the present time 
is a director of both the National Bank of Savannah, and of the Geor- 
gia State Savings Association. 

Mr. Schley is also ex-president of the Savannah Life Underwriter's 
Association; ex-president of Saint Andrew's Society; a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce; and an ex-commodore of the Savannah Yacht 
Club, which he joined upwards of twenty years ago. and at the expira- 
tion of his term as commodore he became a life honorary member, and 
with which he has been officially connected most of the time since. He 
is a prominent member of the Democratic party, supporting its prin- 
ciples by voice and vote. Fraternally he is Knight Templar. Mason, 
and a charter member of Alee Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Since his sixteenth year Mr. Schley has 
been a member of the Independent Presbyterian church of Savannah. 

On December 31, 1878, Mr. Schley was united in marriage with 
Miss Eliza Ann Larcombe, of Savannah, and into their pleasant house- 
hold four children have been born, namely: Julian Larcombe Schley, 
who at his graduation from the United States Military Academy at 
AVest Point, in 1!)(>:S. stood seventh in a class of ninety-three members, 
and captain of engineers, and instructor, at West Point for four years 
and is now assistant to the engineer commission of the District of Colum- 
bia ; Richard Larcombe Schley, a student at Princeton University, 
Princeton. New Jersey, is in partnership with his father, being a mem- 
ber of the firm of Julian Schley & Son, general insurance agents; Eliza 
Champion Schley; and Henry McAlpin Schley. Mi*. Schley has a pleas- 
ant summer home on Vernon river, an arm of the sea. it being located 
on the site of his father's old estate, "Beaidieu." 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 687 

James M. Dixon. One of the leading business men and most loyal 
and progressive citizens of the historic old city of Savannah, which has^ 
been his home during his entire life thus far, is James M. Dixon, ex- 
chairman of the city council, and a man who is held in high esteem by 
business associates and the general public. He was born amidst the 
alarms and perils of the greatest Civil war known in history, having 
been ushered into the world April 10, 1864, at which time his mother was 
a refugee at Valdosta, Lowndes county, Georgia, during the occupation 
of her home city of Savannah by the Northern army. He is a son of 
William and Mary J. (Dent) Dixon, the father having been a valiant 
soldier of the Confederacy during the war. 

Mr. Dixon has always been closely identified with the lumber interests 
of the South. He has for many years taken a strong interest in the affairs 
of the Savannah municipality and has served the public in a number 
of offices of trust. In 1896, Mayor Herman Myers appointed him 
chairman of the water commission, having in charge the public water 
works of the city, and he retained this position until the opposing politi- 
cal faction went into power, securing the abolishment of the commission 
by an act of the legislature. His services on the commission covered a 
period of three years. In January, 1899, the Citizens Club, with which 
Mr. Dixon was affiliated, was returned to power, and he, together with 
seven other candidates endorsed by the club, was elected alderman, serv- 
ing as such for eight years. He became vice-chairman of the board in 
1900, and in 1901, the same faction being returned to office without 
opposition, he was made chairman of the council. In 1903 he was again 
elected chairman of the city council, as was he also in 1905. The duties 
of the chairman were at times heavy and exacting, as he acted as mayor 
pro tempore in the absence of the mayor. He was a member of the 
building committee of the council which had charge of the construction 
of Savannah's city hall, one of the finest in the South, which was com- 
pleted and dedicated in 1906. For two years from 1907 Mr. Dixon 
served as county commissioner of Chatham county. He gives stanch 
allegiance to the Democratic party. He is a life member of the Savan- 
nah Volunteer Guards, and was chairman of the board of stewards of 
the guards during the Spanish-American war. He is also a member of 
the Savannah Yacht Club, having served as commodore for several years, 
and a York and Scottish Rite Mason and a Shriner. 

In 1899, Mr. Dixon was united in marriage to Miss Jessie Dale, of 
Savannah, and they are prominent in the social life of the city, having 
a beautiful home at the southeast corner of Abercorn and Hall streets. 
They have four children, namely: Helene, Meritt W., Jessie and 
James M., Jr. 

George Cuthbert Heyward, engaged in the cotton industry at 
Savannah. Georgia, is descended from Thomas Heyward, Jr., the South 
Carolina signer of the Declaration of Independence, and belongs to one 
of the most distinguished families of the South. 

Mr. Heyward was born in South Carolina, December 24, 1846, son 
of Capt. George Cuthbert Heyward and wife, Elizabeth Martha 
(Guerard) Heyward, both natives of Beaufort county, South Carolina, 
her family, like his, being a prominent one. The Heywards for several 
generations had a residence in Beaufort county, also a residence in 
Charleston, and it was at the plantation home in Beaufort county, in 
1822, that Mr. Heyward 's father was born and reared. At the outbreak 
of Civil war between the states, he became captain of Company H, known 
as the Ashley Dragoons, a part of the Third South Carolina Cavalry, 
and as such served from the beginning to the close of the war, prin- 



688 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

cipally in the vicinity of Charleston and Savannah. His command 
fought Sherman's army both before it entered Savannah and afterward, 
while it was on the expedition through South Carolina. After the war 
he resumed operations on his plantation in Beaufort county, and died 
there on March 1, 1867. He was a citizen of sterling worth, and his 
soldier record was that of a brave, efficient Confederate officer. 

Mr. Hey ward's mother was the daughter of Dr. Jacob De Veaux 
and Alice (Screven) Guerard of Beaufort county, South Carolina; 
both of which, like the Heywards, were representatives of historic fami- 
lies in South Carolina. Shortly after her husband's death, Mrs. Hey- 
ward removed with her remaining family to Savannah, where she spent 
the rest of her life, and died in 1875. 

Of the grandparents of the subject of this sketch, it is recorded that 
his paternal grandfather, Thomas Heyward, married Ann Eliza Cuth- 
bert, daughter of Gen. John Alexander Cuthbert, of South Carolina, 
and granddaughter of Dr. James Cuthbert, of Castle Hill, Scotland, a 
member of a distinguished family there. 

Mr. Heyward 's great-grandfather was Judge Thomas Heyward, Jr., 
so called because his uncle was known as Thomas Heyward, Sr. Thomas 
Heyward, Jr., Avas one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence 
from South Carolina. In his youth he was sent to London to be edu- 
cated, and while there he took up the profession of law. Returning to 
South Carolina just before the beginning of the Revolutionary war, he 
espoused the Continental cause, to the aid of which he devoted his time, 
his talents and his means. When the British took Charleston he was 
one of the seventy that were sent as prisoners to St. Augustine. Later, 
he was elected to the first Continental congress, which assembled in 
Philadelphia, and, as above indicated, subscribed his name to the most 
important American document. Pie served actively also with the conti- 
nental troops, became a captain of artillery, crossed the Savannah river 
with his command during the siege of Savannah, and rendered efficient 
aid in the efforts to retake the city from the British. He was a friend 
of Washington, and upon the latter 's visit to the South, after the war 
closed, he was a guest at White Hall, in Beaufort county at the home 
of Thomas HeyAvard, Jr. From White Hall, Washington Avas escorted 
by Thomas Heyvvard, Jr., to Purysburg, South Carolina, on the Savan- 
nah river, AA'here the distinguished general Avas receiA'ed by an escort 
from Savannah. Later in life, Thomas HeyAvard, Jr., became a judge 
of the circuit court in South Carolina. He died in April, 1S09, at the 
age of sixty-three years. His grave is at "Old House" cemetery near 
Grahamville, South Carolina. The portrait of this distinguished man 
hangs in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Thomas Heyward, Jr., married Elizabeth Savage for his second Avife, 
eldest daughter of Col. Thomas and Mary Elliott (Butler) Savage, and in 
this Avay the HeyAvards are connected with the Avell known Savage family. 
Through this marriage, also, is brought in a large circle of relatives. 
including the Elliott, De Renne, Noble, Jones. Clay and other families of 
note in South Carolina and Georgia colonial history. 

Tracing back still further along the ancestral line, we find that 
Mr. HeyAvard 's great-great-grandfather, Daniel Heyward, a wealthy 
planter, Avas a son of Capt. Thomas HeyAvard, of the British army, who 
for a time Avas stationed at Fort Johnson on James Island, and Avho, for 
his distinguished service in the army, particularly in fighting the Indians 
in America, Avas granted large tracts of land in St. Luke's parish. Beau- 
fort district, South Carolina, in which Avas included the "Old House" 
tract, Hit 1 family homestead. He also owned land on James Island; and 
in Charleston, from the corner of Meeting street to King street, on the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 689 

south side, where the guard house once stood, was all the property of 
the Heyward family. Thus it is seen from the above brief outline that' 
the Heyward family from its early identity with America was one of 
wealth and influence. 

Coming now to the direct subject of this review, George Cuthbert 
Heyward, following in the footsteps of his distinguished forefathers, he 
was ready when the call came to take up arms. He joined the Confed- 
erate army in the fall of 1863, and became a member of his father's 
command, Company H, Third South Carolina Cavalry. As recorded 
above, they were in service along the coast in South Carolina and Georgia, 
in the vicinity of Charleston and Savannah, were active in fighting in 
front of Sherman 's army, and surrendered at Union Court House, South 
Carolina, in April, 1865. 

Mr. Heyward has lived in Savannah since October, 1868, when he 
came to this city with his mother and other members of the family. 
Here he engaged in the cotton business, with which he has been actively 
connected ever since. 

On June 22, 1875, Mr. Heyward was married to Miss Margaret E. 
Doar, daughter of Stephen D. Doar of St. James, Santee, South Caro- 
lina ; and their children are as follows : George Cuthbert Heyward, 
Jr., Stephen Doar Heyward, Edward Lee Heyward, Arthur Smith 
Heyward, and Miss Elizabeth Heyward. The eldest son, named in 
honor of his father, is a lawyer in Savannah and is also engaged in the 
cotton business. He is a graduate of the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Georgia at Athens, and is captain of Company A of the Savannah 
Volunteer Guards. November 8, 1911, he was married at Chestnut Hill, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Miss Alice Stuart Hunter of that place, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Allan Hunter. The second son, Stephen 
Doar. now a resident of Cleburne, Texas, married Miss Eleanor Blanche 
Allen of that place. The two other sons and the daughter are at home. 

Mr. Heyward 's eldest brother, the late J. Guerard Heyward, who 
died in Savannah in 1888, was a Confederate soldier in the war and was 
a prisoner on Johnson's Island, also at Moore's Island. He is survived 
by a widow, who before her marriage was Miss Pauline de Caradeue, and 
children, viz. : Mrs. Elise Ilowkins and Mrs. Arthur Overton and Miss 
Maud Heyward and Prank de C. and Walter Screven Heyward. 

Another brother is Thomas Savage Heyward, who married Miss 
Mary Seabrook. They have two children, Clifford and Mary H. 

Another of Mr. Heyward 's brothers is T. Daniel Heyward who 
married Miss Selina Johnstone of North Santee, South Carolina, and 
they have five daughters: Selina, Isabelle, Elizabeth, Dorothy, Helen 
Hazel. 

Judge John E. Schwarz, judge of the police court of Savannah 
since 1907, and a prominent lawyer of the city, is one of the most popu- 
lar citizens of his city, as well as one of the most influential. Born in 
Savannah and here reared, and taking his university training in the 
Georgia institution of learning, he is a distinctive Georgia product, and 
the results of his training and of his labors since entering upon the serious 
business of life have accrued to the general good of his native city and 
state. 

Born in Savannah, Georgia, on August 31, 1878, Judge Schwarz is 
the son of Emil A. and Louise (Schoneck) Schwarz. The father was 
born in Bavaria, Germany, and with his parents immigrated to America, 
in 1850, when the family located in New York City. In 1854 Emil 
Schwarz left his friends and family and came to the southland, settling 
in Savannah, where he lived until his death, which took place in 1894. 



690 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Mr. Schwarz became interested in the furniture and carpet business and 
conducted a representative business in this line at the corner of Bull 
and Broughton streets for a quarter of a century. At the inception of 
the Civil war he joined the Confederate army as a member of Company 
B, Savannah Volunteer Guards, and served throughout the war. His 
brother, the late Major Schwarz, who came to Savannah in 1858, also 
served the full duration of the war period, first as a member of the Ger- 
man Volunteers, and later as a member of Captain Phillips' company 
in the Thirty-second Georgia Infantry. Major Schwarz was for several 
years prominent in military circles of the state, becoming a major in 
the First Regiment of Infantry, retiring with the rank of lieutenant 
colonel, and afterwards serving four years on the staff of Governor 
Atkinson and the same period on the staff of Governor Chandler. The 
mother of Judge Schwarz, who was born in Alsace-Loraine, still lives in 
Savannah. 

Judge Schwarz was reared and educated in Savannah, as a youth 
attending the private school of Capt. John Taliaferro, after which he 
entered the law department of the University of Georgia, finishing 
the prescribed course and receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws from 
that institution in 1895, when he was but seventeen years of age. a most 
unusual accomplishment. He was considered too young to enter into 
actual practice of his profession at that time, and so turned his atten- 
tion to his father's business, the death of the elder Schwarz having 
occurred some few months previous. In 1898 young Schwarz closed out 
the business which his father had so successfully conducted for the 
many past years, and in the following year he began the practice of law 
in the city of his birth. From its inception, his career has been one 
of worthy successes and accomplishments. He has founded an ever 
growing and lucrative practice, which he conducts aside from his duties 
as city recorder, to which office he was elected in 1907 by the city coun- 
cil of Savannah, his duties being those of jiidge of the police court. He 
was re-elected to the office in 1909 and again in 1911, succeeding him- 
self in the office, which he has ever filled admirably. He is the only 
member of the old administration that holds over. The office having 
been changed from one elected by city council to one elected by popular 
vote, at the last election (1913) all the old administration was defeated 
with the exception of Judge Schwarz, who was unanimously elected. 

Judge Schwarz was for seven years an active member of Compauy 
B, Savannah Volunteer Guards, enlisting as a private and receiving pro- 
motion to the rank of lieutenant of his company and sergeant major of 
his battalion. Resigning from the guards, he was elected captain of 
Company M of the First Regiment of Infantry, but after sis months" 
service in that capacity he retired, his duties demanding too much time 
from his professional work. Judge Schwarz is a man of some prominence 
in fraternal circles, and is a member of the Elks of Savannah, with the 
pleasing distinction of having been elected for two successive terms to 
the office of exalted ruler of the lodge. He is president of the local lodge 
of Owls, and is a member of the Yacht Club, the Hussars' Club and the 
German Club. 

Judge Schwarz was married to Miss Florence McDermott. of this 
city, and to them have been born a son and a daughter, John E.. Jr., 
and Rosemary Schwarz. 

Horace A. Crane. It is natural to look for the foremost citizens 
of a community among the recognized financiers, for a city's commercial 
importance and prosperity is largely indicated by the stability of its 
banks, and those who control these and direct their activities are. as a 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 691 

class, the safe, substantial, solid and dependable men. Among the 
prominent citizens of Savannah, Georgia, is Horace A. Crane, who is/ 
vice-president of the Citizens and Southern Bank. He was born at St. 
Mary's, Georgia, in 1841, and is a son of Heman A. and Julia R. (Un- 
derwood) Crane. 

Heman A. Crane, who, for many years was an esteemed and valued 
citizen of Savannah, was born in Litchfield county, Connecticut, from 
which section he came to Georgia in young manhood. He was a com- 
mission merchant and prior to 1843 engaged in this business at Darien, 
Georgia, which place, at that time, was an important shipping port. In 
the above year he removed to Savannah, in which city he made his home 
until his death, in 1879. In all that concerned the growth and develop- 
ment of this city he was deeply concerned and the general esteem in 
which he was held was expressed by resolutions adopted at the time of 
his decease, by one of the organizations to which he had belonged in 
life. This tribute we are permitted to copy : 

"We are once more called upon to mourn the loss of one whose loss 
we share in common with a whole community. The sudden and unex- 
pected demise of our late esteemed and beloved fellow member, Heman 
A. Crane, calls for no ordinary expression of feeling and opinion from 
the members of the Savannah Benevolent Association. Our deceased 
brother was one who gave character to our association, and during the 
dark days of 1876, while a fearful epidemic was raging in our midst, 
his self-sacrificing devotion in ministering to the wants of the sick, dying 
and distressed, was conspicuous and worthy of emulation. He was a 
sincere Christian, a noble friend, a charitable gentleman. While by 
his teachings he showed to others what they should do for the good of 
their fellow men, by his example he demonstrated to them how it might 
be done. He seemed to have adopted as the motto of his life, Noti sibi, 
seel aliis, thereby illustrating his profession. He was truly a Christian 
man in every sense of the word. Be it therefore 

"Resolved, that in the death of Heman A. Crane, our city has sus- 
tained the loss of one of its most useful and upright citizens, and the 
Savannah Benevolent Association one of its brightest ornaments ; one 
whose daily life was an example worthy to be followed under any and 
all conditions." 

Horace A. Crane was educated in his native city. Before he had 
yet established himself in business he became a soldier, in May, 1861, 
enlisting for service in the Civil war, in the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, 
Confederate army, which organization became Company B, Eighth 
Georgia Infantry, assigned to service in Virginia, his brother, William 
H., a member of the same company, being killed at the first battle of 
Manassas. On account of illness, Mr. Crane was given a furlough home 
after one year in the Virginia mountains, and later was commissioned 
a lieutenant in the First Georgia Battalion of Sharpshooters, whose 
commander afterward became Gen. Robert H. Anderson. This organ- 
ization was ordered to Vicksburg, but, following the fall of that city, 
it was sent to North Georgia and from there to Tennessee and partici- 
pated in the battle of Chickamauga. On the second day of this pro- 
longed battle, Mr. Crane was severely wounded, this injury causing his 
being sent home to recuperate, and a year later, when but partially re- 
covered, he was appointed adjutant of the garrison at Port McAllister, 
having about 150 men. The fort was taken by storm by General Hazen, 
commanding a large force of Federal soldiers, December 13, 1864, and 
Mr. Crane was sent first to a military prison at Hilton Head, South 

Carolina, and six weeks later to Fort Delaware, where he remained a 
vol. n— 1 1 



692 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

prisoner until the close of the war, when he was paroled and returned 
to Savannah. 

Upon returning to Savannah after the war he be'eame associated 
with his father in business and so continued until 1873, in that year 
becoming bookkeeper in the Southern Bank of the State of Georgia, 
of which, in 1877, he was made cashier. In 1881 he became vice-pres- 
ident of the institution and served continuously until 1906, when the 
Southern Bank was consolidated with the Citizens Bank, forming the 
present Citizens and Southern Bank, Mr. Crane retaining his official 
status in the new organization. The Citizens and Southern Bank has a 
capital of $1,000,000, a surplus of the same amount and undivided profits 
exceeding a quarter of a million dollars. For almost forty years Mr. 
Crane has been identified with this financial institution and his name 
has always added to its strength and his efforts to the extension of its 
prosperity. 

Mr. Crane was married (first) to Miss Georgia Anderson, who died 
in 1880, survived by four children: William H., Horace A., Jr., Edward 
A., and Nina, who is the wife of John L. Hammond. Mr. Crane was 
married (second) to Miss Mary Cox, who was born in Georgia, and they 
have one son, H. Averill Crane,. In all matters of great and general im- 
portance Mr. Crane's interest and assistance may be depended upon 
and more than once his keenness of business pei*ception has proved of 
value in public matters. 

Robert Jesse Travis. Among the lawyers whose integrity and 
ability have given to the bar of Savannah its high reputation through- 
out the state is Robert Jesse Travis, of the firm of Travis & Travis, 
whose offices are located in suite 16-18 Provident building, Savannah, 
Georgia, Robert Jesse Travis was born January 13, 1877, in the town 
of Conyers, Georgia, the son of Dr. A. C. \V. and Allie (Livingston) 
Travis. Dr. Travis was one of the best known physicians and surgeons 
in central Georgia, and was prominent as a surgeon in the Confederate 
service during the Civil war. He passed away in 1890, while his widow 
still makes her home in Covington, Georgia. Mrs. Travis is a woman of 
rare gifts and gracious refinement. Contributions from her pen have 
often found their way into print. She was born in Covington, New- 
ton county, Georgia, June 17, 1845, the daughter of Robert Bass and 
Elizabeth (McLaughlin) Livingston. Robert B. Livingston is of dis- 
tinguished ancestry, having been a grandson of "William Livingston of 
colonial fame, and a direct descendant of Robert Livingston, who. in 
1686, obtained a patent for the manor of Livingston. Columbia county, 
New York, and an account of whose life is to be found in Lossing's 
"Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence." 

The Rev. Jesse Travis, the grandfather of Robert Jesse, was a 
prominent Baptist minister and an associate of the Rev. Jesse Mercer, 
the founder of Mercer University of Macon, Georgia. Among the fore- 
bears of Mr. Travis, who were famous in Colonial and Revolutionary 
history, appear the names of Livingston, Bass. McLaughlin, Nicholson 
and Lewis, and including such well-known characters as the following: 
Amos Travis, an early settler in the state of Virginia ; Richmond Ter- 
rell, the great-grandfather of Robert Jesse Ti'avis, a native of Virginia, 
who served under Colonel Lynch 's command in the southern campaign 
of the Revolution, and distinguished himself by valorous service in the 
battles of King's Mountain and Guilford Court House. John Nichol- 
son, who served in the Revolution from Mecklenburg, North Carolina ; 
Ebenezer Smith, a representative of Georgia in the war for independ- 
ence ; John Lewis, who settled in Hanover county, Virginia, and whose 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 693 

nephew, Capt. Merriwether Lewis, became governor of the territory of 
Louisiana ; and a member of the famous Lewis and Clark Expedition'; 
and David Lewis, born in 1685, a son of John Lewis, a prominent figure 
in Albemarle county, Virginia, and related to Col. Barrett Travis, 
who lost his life in the Texas defense of the Alamo in April, 1836. 

Robert Jesse Travis was graduated from Emory College, Oxford, 
Georgia, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts with the class of 1897, 
together with first honor and every scholarship medal in any depart- 
ment. In 1899 he was graduated from the University of Georgia, in 
the department of law, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He had 
at the same time been taking a post-graduate course in the literary de- 
partment of the state institution. In the year 1897-98, he was principal 
of the high school at Madison, Georgia. In 1899, Mr. Travis entered 
upon the practice of his profession in Savannah, forming a partnership 
with Charles G. Edwards, under the firm name of Travis & Edwards, 
later entering into a partnership with his brother, John Livingston 
Travis, under the present firm style of Travis & Travis. The firm 
has an excellent professional business, and its members are popular and 
able, both as counselors and attorneys, at the Savannah bar. Both are 
members of the Savannah bar association. 

In his political allegiance, Mr. Travis is a stanch Democrat, but 
although he is an enthusiastic worker in behalf of the candidates and 
measures of his party, he has himself never accepted public office. 
Fraternally, Mr. Travis is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons; is a past master of Landrum Lodge, Wise Master of Temple 
Chapter No. 1, Scottish Rite Masons, a Shriner, being Potentate of 
Alee Temple, Savannah, and a prominent figure at all state gatherings 
of the order. He is a member of the University Club, the Savannah 
Yacht Club, the Savannah Golf Club, and the Sons of the Revolution, 
and holds membership also in the Methodist Episcopal church South, 
belonging to the Wesleyan Monumental church of his home city. 

Mr. Travis is known as one of the best rifle and revolver shots in the 
state, and until recently, when business caused him to give up rifle' 
practice, he was a member of every Georgia team since 1902, holding 
the state and inter-state (southern) individual championship medals. 
He has been identified with the Georgia state troops since August 25, 
1899, when he enlisted as a private in Company E, First Regiment of 
Infantry, and later in Company C, Savannah Volunteer Guards, known 
as the Coast Artillery Corps of Georgia. He has risen through the 
various ranks of promotion, and has served as corporal, first lieutenant 
and captain, and is still the captain of Company C. In 1903, he was 
appointed lieutenant-colonel and assistant judge-advocate in the Geor- 
gia state troops. He is also a member of the Savannah Volunteer 
Guards Club and the United Sons of Confederate Veterans. Captain 
Travis conducted the investigation which led to the finding of the 
exact location, on the west side of Savannah, of Spring Hill redoubt, 
where occurred one of the most sanguinary battles of the Revolution, 
in which the American and French forces, making an effort to retake 
the city of Savannah, which was occupied by the British, were repulsed 
after waging a battle in which they displayed great valor and bravery. 
On February 11, 1911, this spot was marked by a tablet commemorating 
the event, erected by the Georgia Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
of which Captain Travis is vice-president. A notable gathering, con- 
sisting of prominent Georgians, United States government officials and 
a representative of the French government, were present at the dedi- 
cation of the tablet, and Captain Travis had charge of the entire 
arrangement of the affair. 



694 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

On November 27, 1902, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Travis 
to Miss Rena Falligant, daughter of Louis A. and Rosa 0. ,( Brown) Falli- 
gant, of Savannah. Captain and Mrs. Travis have three children : Rob- 
ert Falligant, William Livingston and Margaret Elizabeth Travis. 

The La Roche Family History. In the year 1733 two brothers 
landed in America from the shores of England. Their names were John 
La Roche and Isaac La Roche. John La Roche was appointed by King 
James to assist in planning and laying off the present city of Savannah. 
and one of the sixteen tithings of the city according to the original plan 
was named in compliment to him by Gen. Oglethorpe La Roche Tithing. 
Some few years later on John La Roche returned to England and took 
up his abode in the royal family as privy counsellor to the king. 
Isaac La Roche decided to adopt America as his home and married Eliza- 
beth Drummond, a lady of beauty and rare mental culture who had 
immigrated to America from Scotland a few years previous to her mar- 
riage. Elizabeth and her brother, Dr. Archibald Drummond, were the 
only surviving members of the Drummond family who had left their 
highland home for the New World. 

Shortly after the marriage of Elizabeth her brother. Dr. Archibald 
Drummond, went to the West Indies and finally settled at or near 
Kingston, Jamaica, where he accumulated a large fortune. He never 
married and at his death bequeathed his large property by will to his 
sister, Elizabeth La Roche. The latter entrusted the recovery of this 
legacy to General Flournoy, of Augusta, Georgia, who from some cause 
failed to press the suit to a successful termination. 

To Isaac La Roche and his wife, Elizabeth, were born one son. who 
was also named Isaac, and two daughters, Sarah and Elizabeth ; after 
the birth of the third child their father died and their mother married 
again. Isaac on reaching the years of manhood married Eliza Oliver, 
who was the daughter of John Oliver of Augusta, Georgia. Her father 
was a graduate of Oxford College, England, and after coming over and 
settling in America he uniformed and equipped a military company at 
his own expense, to serve in defense of their country against the British. 
He was quite wealthy and while a resident of Augusta. Georgia, was a 
co-partner with General Fash in a large mercantile business in Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. From this late marriage were born the following 
children : Sarah E. La Roche, James A. La Roche. Oliver A. La Roche. 
Isaac D. La Roche, Adrian V. La Roche, Lawrence and John La Roche. 
Soon after the birth of John, the father died and their mother married 
Doctor Beaudry, to whom one child, a girl, was born. Isaac La Roche, 
the father of the children named above, three of whom are yet living, 
died about the year 1822. One of his sisters married a Mr. Votee. this 
one was Sarah ; Elizabeth married a Mr. Craft. 

James Oliver, grandfather of the children of Isaac La Roche and 
Elizabeth La Roche, nee Oliver, married Sarah McKay, who being left 
an orphan in early childhood, was reared by her uncle. Randolph Spald- 
ing, near St. Mary's, Georgia. 

The brothers and sisters of Isaac La Roche were : Alice, deceased. 
Avas the wife of Edgar Williams; Ruth, deceased, was the wife of R. R. 
Richards; Amy, wife of Wm. E. Dunwody; Nellie, wife of Prof. Felix 
Lising; Ida, wife of L. L. Hunt: Isaac, mentioned below: Robert D. ; 
Walter P.; Eva, wife of Gilbert W. Allen. 

Tsaac Drayton La Roche. The city of Savannah is fortunate in the 
possession of a representation of fine citizenship of French descent, this 
element being interesting, progressive and valuable. Of this is Isaac 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 695 

Drayton La Roche, engaged in the real estate business in this city, who 
is descended from one of the founders of the colony of Georgia. He 
was born and reared in the Forest city in which for numerous genera- 
tions his forbears have had their being, and is an aide exponent of the 
strong initiative ability and progressive spirit that have caused the 
city to forge so rapidly forward. 

Isaac Drayton La Roche was born within the pleasant boundaries of 
the city on the 3d day of March, 1859. The father of Mr. La Roche was 
born in Augusta, but was practically a lifedong resident, coming here 
at an early age. In his own vocation Mr. La Roche is following in the 
paternal footsteps, the elder gentleman having been a successful real 
estate man, with substantial property interests in Savannah, and the 
Isle of Hope, where his home was located. He was also engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. He was the son of Isaac La Roche, who was for a 
long number of years one of the most prominent cotton factors of Georgia. 
The demise of Drummond La Roche occurred in 1895, but his memory 
remains green in the hearts of the citizens of Savannah. The La Roche 
family is prominently concerned in the events of the early history of 
Georgia and the subject's grandfather was one of the trustees of the 
colony. 

Mr. La Roche, immediate subject of this review, received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of the city of Savannah and early came to. 
the conclusion to enter the field of business. Some time before the 
attainment of his majority he became associated with his father in busi- 
ness, and succeeded that gentleman when he retired from active life. 
He is a successful dealer in real estate, being everywhere recognized as 
one of the city's experts in the placing of valuation, and he is also pro- 
ficient as an auctioneer of real estate. 

On the 5th day of November, 1884, Mr. La Roche laid the founda- 
tion of a happy household and congenial life companionship by his mar- 
riage to Miss Emma Ernst of this city, daughter of a descendant of on" 
of the early German families. Their daughter, Georgia La Roche, thus 
shares the Teutonic and French elements, both of which have contrib- 
uted in definite fashion to the early strength of Georgia. Miss Georgia 
graduated from the high school of Savannah at the age of fifteen years 
with first honors from a class of fifty-seven. Then to complete her educa- 
tion she attended the Mary Baldwin Institute at Staunton, Virginia. In 
1912, she was married to Win. A. Smith, of New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, but they now reside at San Francisco, California. He is associated 
with the San Francisco Examiner. The La Roche home is an attractive 
one and is known for its gracious hospitality. 

Capt. Henry Blun. America has been likened to a great melting- 
pot into which all the nations of the earth are cast in a constant tide 
of immigration, the result being the American citizen, virile, honest, 
progressive, with fine ideas of freedom and independence. It is gen- 
erally acknowledged that one of the most desirable elements which enter 
into the great crucible is the German, the nation having everything to 
gain and nothing to lose from the assimilation of this brainy, honest 
and generally admirable stock, which has given to the world some of 
its greatest geniuses. To the Fatherland was Savannah indebted for 
one of her representative citizens, Capt. Henry Blun, president of Ger- 
mania Bank and a Confederate veteran of the war between the states. 

Captain Blun was born in the historic city of Worms, Germany, 
May 20, 1833. At the age of twenty, in 1853, he came to America, 
locating first in New York City, where he became a bookkeeper in a 
mercantile office. In December, 1854, he came to Savannah, which has 



696 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

ever since been his home, its charms and advantages appealing to him 
from the first. For some time before the war he was, associated with 
Thomas Walsh in the auction and commission business and in 1857 he 
formed a partnership with M. H. Meyer in the same line of business, 
in which he continued until about the time of the inception of the 
supreme struggle between the North and South. 

Captain Blun volunteered for service in the Confederate army, early 
in 1861, and became a member of the German Volunteers, which organi- 
zation was in service at Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the Savannah 
river and he was also with the forces on Tybee and Wilmington islands. 
Subsequently he became a member of the Savannah Artillery under 
Capt. George L. Cope, stationed at what was then known as Fort Jack- 
son. In 1864, on account of ill-health, contracted from service on the 
coast, he was granted six months' furlough and on April 1, 1864, he 
left Savannah on the sloop "Maggie Blun," which he had bought and 
fitted up for blockade running, with a cargo of cotton, bound for Nassau, 
under agreement with the state of Georgia to dispose of the carero to 
the best advantage. He successfully ran the blockade, disposed of the 
cargo at Nassau and turned over the proceeds to the agents of the 
state of Georgia at that place. He also delivered at Nassau, for mail- 
ing in the English mails, important dispatches and documents which 
had been entrusted to him by the Confederate government and addressed 
to Messrs. Mason and Slidell, the Confederate representatives in Lon- 
don, and which subsequently reached their destination safely. From 
Nassau, Captain Blun went on to Europe, visiting his home people in 
Germany, who were then living in the city of Mainz. He then pro- 
ceeded to London and Liverpool, meeting in the latter city parties 
engaged in blockade running for the Confederacy and from Liverpool 
he embarked on the blockade running steamship "Banshee" for Wil- 
mington, North Carolina. This steamship made a successful landing on 
the Carolina coast. Captain Blun had many interesting and dangerous 
adventures as a blockade runner, and the recountal of the same is a 
thrilling and picturesque tale. He was never lacking in bravery and was 
chosen for several perilous enterprises. His experiences as a blockade 
runner lasted six months, when, his furlough expiring, he returned to 
Savannah and took charge of a company of home guard, Company C of 
Colonel Pritchard's battalion. In command of his company he was on 
guard duty in Savannah until the occupation of the city by Sherman's 
army. He was then granted a parole which continued until the termi- 
nation of the war. 

After the war Captain Blun resumed business in association with 
Mr. Meyer and remained with him until 1870, when he became asso- 
ciated with George W. Wylly and R. M. Demere in the private banking 
business under the firm name of G. W. Wylly & Company. This firm 
was dissolved in 1873 and was succeeded by the banking firm of Blun 
& Demere, which continued in business until 1878. Captain Blun then 
withdrew and established a private banking business, which was suc- 
ceeded in 1890 by the present Germania Bank, of which he was the 
president from its founding in that year. Captain Blun was the organ- 
izer and founder of the bank, an institution of which lie was justly proud. 
Starting in with a capital stock of $50,000, it is now increased to 
$300,000. It is a highly prosperous financial institution and to be 
numbered among the monetary institutions which emphasize and exert 
marked influence in conserving the financial stability and commercial 
prestige of Georgia. Captain Blun was known as one of the ablest and 
most discriminating financiers of Savannah. The Germania building, 
the home of this bank, is a handsome eight-story structure, the first of 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 697 

Savannah's tall office buildings. From the day of the organization of 
the bank it has been given the careful and strict conduct of Captain 
Blun. He was interested in all public matters, was essentially public- 
spirited, and for many years was a member of the Savannah board 
of public education. He was a member of several local clubs and was 
an adherent of the Catholic faith, as is also his family. 

Captain Blun was happily married in Savannah on April 1, 1861, 
his chosen lady being Miss Catherine Savage, daughter of Michael and 
Catherine (Stafford) Savage. Their union has been blessed by the 
birth of several children, five of whom survive and are admirable mem- 
bers of society and expressive of the fine stock from which they spring. 
They are as follows : Augusta, wife of Dr. Matthew F. Dunn, of Savan- 
nah ; Mary, wife of H. Clay Miner, of New York ; Capt. Henry Blun, 
Jr. ; Katherine E. Blun, wife of E. Clinton Jansen, of Denver, Colo- 
rado; and Walter Savage Blun. Capt. Henry Blun, Jr., is ex-postmas- 
ter of Savannah and a partner in the Neal-Blun Company, dealers in 
hardware and building supplies. He is also president of the Germania 
Bank. He is a graduate of Lehigh University and is prominent in 
social and business affairs of Savannah. Capt. Henrv Blun died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1912. 

Capt. William Grafton Austin. The substantial and loyal citizens 
of Savannah have no finer representative than Capt. William Grafton 
Austin, who rendered the city most valuable and efficient service as 
chief of police for six years, the result of which made it remarkably 
free from crime and disorder, and the police force under his leadership 
reached a high point of efficiency. A son of Charles William and 
Georgia (Grafton) Austin, he was born in 1868 in Grimes county, Texas, 
being a member of the same branch of the Austin family from which 
Stephen F. Austin, the founder of the Austin colony of Texas, was 
descended, the immigrant ancestor of the family having been John 
Austin, who came from Kent, England, to America in the early part of 
the seventeenth century, and died in Greenwich, Connecticut, in 1657. 
He is the ninth generation removed from the founder of the Austin 
family of the United States, and seven generations removed from David 
Austin, who was the great grandfather of Stephen F. Austin, of Texas 
fame, this David having been the grandson of the immigrant, the lineage 
being thus traced: David Austin I., David Austin II., David Austin III., 
who during the Revolution was wounded in the defense of New Haven, 
Connecticut, against the British, and was afterwards collector of cus- 
toms at New Haven, and was the founder, and first president, of the 
New Haven Bank ; John P. Austin, born in New Haven, Connecticut, 
in 1774, was graduated from Yale College and died at Brazoria, Texas, 
in 1834, while visiting a son ; Andrew Yates Austin, born in New 
Haven, Connecticut, in 1803, died in Willoughby, Ohio, in 1882 ; Charles 
William Austin ; and William Grafton Austin. 

Capt. Charles William Austin was born at Norwich, Connecticut, 
in 1833, and died in Savannah, Georgia, in 1889. Migrating to Texas 
in early manhood, he subsequently had a notable career, particularly in 
connection with the Confederate navy during the war between the 
states. His chief fame lies in the fact that he, in association with Capt. 
John A. Stevenson, was one of the designers and constructors of the 
Confederate ram "Manassas," the vessel which revolutionized naval 
warfare, displacing wood hulls for those of steel, that vessel having 
preceded the "Merrimac" and "Monitor." Following its completion 
the "Manassas" was placed in command of Capt. Charles William 
Austin, who while sailing her passed through some of the most danger- 



698 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

ous and thrilling escapades of the war. His first encounter with the 
enemy after assuming command of the "Manassas" was -at New Orleans, 
at the mouth of the Mississippi, where in a tilt with four of the Federal 
sloops-of-war Captain Austin came off victorious, but with his cloth- 
ing nearly burned off him from the enemy's fire. He succeeded, however, 
in ramming and sinking the "Richmond," one of the enemy's fleet, in 
that engagement. In a later engagement the "Manassas," having her 
engine broken, had to run on a sand bank to save her crew, and was 
there abandoned. 

Prior to the Civil war, Captain Austin had been captain of a 
steamer of the Harris-Morgan line, plying between New Orleans and 
Mobile. After the disaster to the "Manassas" he continued in active 
service in the Confederate navy until the close of the conflict, leading 
a life that was filled with most dangerous exploits in blockade running, 
and having narrow escapes from the enemy on both sea and land. Three 
times he was imprisoned, and each time made his escape, his most thrill- 
ing escapade having been when, in the closing days of the war, he suc- 
cessfully ran the Federal blockade in Galveston harbor, an event that 
is remembered by all of the old residents of that city as one of the most 
notable in the course of the war. 

In 1875, Captain Austin came with his family from Texas to Savan- 
nah, Georgia, where he engaged in his old business, that of stevedoring, 
remaining a resident of the city until his death, in 1889, as mentioned 
above. He married Georgia Grafton, who is descended from the Harlan 
family of Kentucky, her mother having been a first cousin of the late 
Justice John Marshall Harlan, of the United States supreme court, and 
who also counts among her ancestors Nathaniel and John Harlan, 
founders of the city of Rochester, New York. After the captain's death 
she and her daughter, Miss Susie T. Austin, and her son, Andrew Y. 
Austin, returned to Texas, and are now living at Houston, that state. 

One of Capt. Charles W. Austin's brothers, John P. Austin, belonged 
to Morgan's band of raiders, serving in the Confederate army, and 
was on land what the captain was on sea, an intrepid, fearless fighter, 
the entire Austin family having been then, as now, noted for coolness 
and bravery in face of danger. 

Completing his education after coming to Savannah, "William Grafton 
Austin attended the Barnard School, the Massie School, and the Chatham 
Academy. In 1887, he enlisted as a private in the United States army, 
in which he served five years, becoming first sergeant of Troop E, 
Seventh Cavalry, Custer's old regiment, being stationed at Fort Riley. 
Kansas. As sergeant of his troop, he took a prominent part in the 
suppression of the Sioux uprising in South Dakota, in December, 1890, 
and upon the earnest recommendation of his superior officers was 
awarded by the United States department a medal of honor for gallant 
conduct and conspicuous bravery in close-range fire at the battle of 
Wounded Knee, on December 29* 1890. 

After leaving the regular army ('apt. "William G. Axistin returned 
to Savannah, and was here for a number of years successfully engaged 
in the cotton business. In January, 1907, at the urgent solicitation of 
friends, he retired from his mercantile operations to take the position 
of chief of police of Savannah, an office which he filled with honor to 
himself, and to the great advantage of the city. Although a strict dis- 
ciplinarian, it is recognized that through his severe training and experi- 
ence the force of which he was at the head became one of the best and 
most efficient in the state, while he himself was an ideal head for a 
metropolitan police department. 

In 1894, Capt. W. G. Austin joined the Savannah Volunteer Guards 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 699 

as a private, and having through various promotions become captain of 
Company A, commanded that company in the Spanish-American war/ 
his company being a part of the Second Georgia Regiment of Volun- 
teers. For a number of years the captain was a member of the Georgia 
Rifle Team, and is noted as an expert rifle shot. He retired from the 
captaincy of the company before he became chief of police. 

Captain Austin organized, and is president of, the Savannah Motor 
Car Company, representing in Savannah the Cadillac automobile. 

George F. Armstrong. Savannah boasts an unusually large num- 
ber of native born citizens, the fact finding explanation in the light of 
the splendid advantages, and the unusual attractions presented by 
the beautiful and historic old city, other sections not possessing charms 
sufficient to draw the Savannahian to them. Among the loyal native 
sons, a citizen of that type in which the city may well take pride — 
is George F. Armstrong, ship broker and prominent in maritime affairs. 
He was born at Guy ton, Georgia, but he came to Savannah when two 
years old. His birth occurred on the 25th day of September, 1868, the 
son of Benjamin R. and Elizabeth (Ferguson) Armstrong. He is the 
scion of one of the eastern families whk. nave found representation 
in the south, his father having been a native of Rhode Island. He came 
to Savannah, however, in young manhood, many years previous to the 
outbreak of the Civil war and the part he played in the many-sided life 
of the city was that of a contractor and builder. He was city assessor 
of Savannah for several years and was a prominent character in the pub- 
lic life of the city and in the fostering of it' beneficial institutions and 
its upbuilding. He died in 1901, but his memory will long remain green 
in the community which he loved and which recognized his worth. The 
subject's mother was a southerner, Charleston, South Carolina, being 
her birthplace. 

Mr. Armstrong was reared and educated in the city and since enter- 
ing upon his business career he has been prominently identified with 
shipping and allied interests. He is a member of the co-partnership, 
which forms the firm of Strachan & Company, ship brokers, founded 
by Capt. George P. Walker and the late Capt. F. G. Strachan. 
This firm has for many years maintained extensive shipping interests 
centered at the port of Savannah, and is widely known for its promi- 
nent connection with maritime affairs. Its standing among shippers 
and ship owners is of the highest. In addition to the foregoing, Mr. 
Armstrong has other interests of broad scope and importance, among 
other things, being president of the Mutual Mining Company, extensive 
miners and shippers of Florida phosphate. He is a member of tin 1 
board of pilotage commissioners of Savannah ; he is a director of the 
Hibernia Bank and of the Commercial Life Insurance and Casualty 
Company. He is a member of the Savannah cotton exchange and board 
of trade and of the chamber of commerce. In the legitimate channels 
of business he has won the success which always crowns well-directed 
labor, sound judgment and untiring perseverance, and at the same time 
he has concerned himself with the affairs of the community in an admir- 
ably public-spirited fashion. He is also a great baseball enthusiast, and 
been president of the Baseball Club for several years and has been a large 
annual contributor to it. 

Mr. Armstrong was for several years actively connected with the 
famous Chatham Artillery of Savannah, which he joined as a private in 
1887 and of which he is now an honorary member. He is a veteran of 
the Spanish-American war, having been with the Chatham artillery- at 



700 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

the time of that conflict, the organization being mustered into service 
as Battery B of Georgia, of which Mr. Armstrong was lieutenant. 

Mrs. Armstrong before her marriage was Miss Lucy Camp, a mem- 
ber of the family of that name which comes from Suffolk, Virginia. Her 
marriage to the subject was celebrated in Ocala, Florida, on the 4th day 
of January, 1905, and the union has been blessed by the birth of a 
daughter, Miss Lucy Camp Armstrong. They hold a position of respect 
and prominence in the city and maintain a household of renowned 
hospitality. 

George Francis Tennille. As third vice-president of the Southern 
Cotton Oil Company, George Francis Tennille holds a position of great 
importance and responsibility, having immediate control of its Savan- 
nah works and offices, the plant in this city being the most extensive 
one of the company's system. A son of the late Capt. William Alex- 
ander Tennille, he was born, March 6, 1873, in New York City, and was 
there reared and educated, completing his early education at Columbia 
University, where he was graduated in chemistry in 1894. 

His great-grandfather, Lieut. Francis Tennille, was the son of a 
French Huguenot, who emigrated from France after the Edict of Nantes, 
settling in Virginia. He was born in Virginia, in Prince William county, 
and came from there to Georgia in colonial days, locating in Wash- 
ington county as a pioneer. During the Revolutionary war he enlisted 
for service in the Georgia Brigade of the Continental army, being mus- 
tered in as lieutenant of the second battalion, afterwards being promoted 
first to the rank of captain, later being commissioned lieutenant colonel. 
He had the distinction of being one of the charter members of the 
Society of the Cincinnati in Georgia. He married Mary Bacon Dixon, 
a daughter of Robert and Ann (Bacon) Dixon, and granddaughter of 
Gen. Nathaniel Bacon, of Virginia, who was a lineal descendant of the 
famous English family of that name. 

Mr. Tennille 's paternal grandfather, Col. Francis Tillman Tennille, 
was born near Sandersville, Washington county, Georgia, in 1799, and 
spent his entire life in his native state, dying in 1877. 

Capt. William Alexander Tennille 's birth occurred in Washington 
county, Georgia, in 1840. He was reared at Fort Gaines. Georgia, his 
father having large plantation interests in that vicinity, and was grad- 
uated from the University of Georgia with the class of 1860. Entering 
the Confederate army at the breaking out of the Civil war, he served 
until the close of the conflict in Company D, Ninth Georgia Infantry, 
at the close holding the rank of captain on the staff of Gen. "Tige" 
Anderson. Serving almost the entire time in Lee's Army of Northern 
Virginia, he proved himself a brave and efficient soldier, his military 
record, especially in the battle of Gettysburg, being spoken of in the 
highest terms by all who are familiar with it. Removing after the war 
to New York City, the captain was there a resident until his death, in 
1905. He married Clara Tuttle, a daughter of George Hudson and 
Mary (Dawkin) Tuttle, and she is still living. She is a direct descend- 
ant of William Tuttle, who came from England to America in 1635. 
settling first in Boston, and later removing to New Haven, Connecticut. 
His descendants have furnished many distinguished names in American 
history. 

Beginning his service with the Southern Cotton Oil Company in 
1897, George Francis Tennille at first followed his profession of a 
chemist in the Savannah plant. Proving himself efficient in many direc- 
tions, he was advanced to higher positions from time to time, being 
promoted first to the position of superintendent, then manager, later 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 701 

becoming district manager, and, in 1911, being made third vice-presi- 
dent of the company. This being an executive position with the con-' 
cern makes it more or less of general jurisdiction. Mr. Tennille, how- 
ever, has under his immediate charge the Savannah works and offices 
of the company, these comprising one of the main centers of the great 
corporation, which owns and operates over ninety cotton oil mills scat- 
tered throughout the South. The plant in Savannah covers more than 
twenty acres, it being one of the largest belonging to the Southern Cot- 
ton Oil Company, which ranks among the largest industrial organiza- 
tions in the United States. It includes a large crude oil mill, a refinery, 
soap works, and plants for the manufacture of lard and paint. The 
headquarters of the freight department and of the company's chemical 
department are also located in Savannah, and are under Mr. Tennille 's 
charge. 

Mr. Tennille belongs to several patriotic, business and social organi- 
zations. He is a member of the Georgia Society of the Cincinnati ; of 
the New York Society of the Sons of the Revolution ; of the University 
Club of New York ; the Society of Chemical Industry ; the American 
Chemical Society ; the Oglethorpe Club ; the Yacht Club ; the Golf Club ; 
the Cotillion Club, and many others. 

In Savannah, in 1903, Mr. Tennille was united in marriage with 
Miss Jessie Chisholm, a daughter of William W. Chisholm, and they 
have one child, Dorothy Tennille. Mrs. Tennille is descended from some 
of the oldest and most distinguished families of the South. Her grand- 
father, Murdock Chisholm, married Georgia A. Barnard, who belonged 
to that branch of the well-known Barnard family that is perpetuated 
by having had named one of the thoroughfares of Savannah, Barnard 
street. Mrs. Tennille 's great-grandfather, Maj. John Barnard, was 
a member of the provincial congress assembled in Savannah, July 4, 
1775, and assisted in raising the first liberty pole in the city. During 
the Revolutionary war he commanded a company which attacked the 
crew of a British frigate which had been landed on Wilmington island, 
and captured them all. He was finally himself taken prisoner by the 
British, but was later exchanged, and participated in the siege of Savan- 
nah, serving until the close of the struggle. Major Barnard was a son 
of Col. John Barnard of the British army, who, about 1743, came to 
Savannah in command of a regiment called the "Rangers," and set- 
tled on Wilmington island. He held his commission in the British army 
until his death. 

William W. Chisholm married Jessie M. Fowke, a daughter of 
Dr. Richard Chandler Fowke, and granddaughter of Dr. John Sidney- 
ham Fowke, who was a surgeon in the United States navy in the early 
part of the nineteenth century. The founder of the American family 
of Fowke was Col. Gerard Fowke, an officer of the British army, who 
settled in Virginia prior to 1657, and became an extensive landholder 
in both Virginia and Maryland. His son, Col. Gerard Fowke, Jr., and 
his grandson, Capt. Chandler Fowke, held military and civil positions 
in Maryland and Virginia. Among other prominent characters in the 
ancestral line of Mrs. Tennille were Capt. Adam Thoroughgood, who 
emigrated from England to Virginia in 1621 ; Thomas Harrison, of 
Fauquier county, Virginia ; and Isaac Mazyck, who was born in Saint 
Martin's, France, immigrated to South Carolina about 1740, and be- 
came a prominent citizen of Charleston. 

Gen. Peter Wiltberger Meldrim. One of the distinguished mem- 
bers of the bar of Georgia, Gen. Peter Wiltberger Meldrim, was born in 
Savannah, December 4, 1848, the son of Ralph and Jane (Fawcett) Mel- 



702 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

drim. His earlier education was acquired in Chatham Academy and 
under private tutors, and he was graduated with honors from the aca- 
demic department of the University of Georgia in 1868, being the anniver- 
sary orator of the Phi Kappa Society. He graduated from the law de- 
partment of the University of Georgia in 1869, and during the following 
winter began the practice of his profession in Savannah. He went stead- 
ily and rapidly to the front, winning a large and lucrative clientele, and 
two days before the state election of 1881 was nominated for state sena- 
tor and was elected, serving in that office for two terms. A writer, in 
summing up Mr. Meldrim's legislative service, said: "It was active, bril- 
liant and of a high order. He was ever ready to give his vote and his 
voice to those measures or to those statutes which seemed to him to be 
essential to individual and public welfare. In all his acts he reflected 
the liberality and intelligence of his constituents, and for this was be- 
loved and admired by all who witnessed his course. As chairman of the 
committee on military affairs, he was indefatigable in his labors in be- 
half of perfect organization, equipment and discipline of the volunteer 
troops of the state. His speeches on this subject before the committee 
and in the senate, were models of eloquence and logic. Then, when the 
bill to make tuition forever free at the State University was put upon its 
passage and the measure was violently opposed, he came to its rescue 
fearlessly and grandly, aiding materially in bringing about the happy 
result of its triumphant passage. His constituents and the people of 
Georgia have reason to be proud of his talents and character." 

For several years General Meldrim was associated with Col. William 
Garrard in the practice of law, but for some years past the former has 
maintained his office and practice individually. He is an eminently 
successful lawyer, and in many of the decisions of Georgia, where General 
Meldrim's cases are involved, there are distinct compliments from the 
supreme, bench. During a long period he was connected actively with 
the military establishment of the state. Although a youth, he reported 
for duty to Capt. William S. Chisholm at the time of Sherman's ad- 
vance on the city in December, 1864, and was made corporal in the home 
guards organized by Captain Chisholm, serving in the trenches on the 
right of the line near the river and doing guard duty in the city. In 
later years he enlisted originally as a private in the historic Georgia 
Hussars, and was promoted to second lieutenant in January. 1889. Sub- 
sequently he became adjutant of the First Squadron of Georgia Cavalry, 
of which 'later he was promoted to major. From this rank he was ad- 
vanced to lieutenant-colonel of the regiment, and was made colonel in 
February, 1900. He became brevet brigadier-general of the Georgia 
state troops in July, 1906, and brigadier-general commanding the Georgia 
state troops on September 24, 1907. 

In 1891 General Meldrim was elected alderman, and in January. 1897. 
he was elected mayor of Savannah, and gave the city an efficient and cred- 
itable administration, during which much municipal improvement was 
carried out, particularly in street paving. In addition the jail was added 
to the police barracks and some new buildings were erected for the fire 
department. He has been president of the Hibernian Society since 1875 ; 
is ex-president of the alumni society of the University of Georgia and 
of the State Bar Association, and has for many years been a member of 
the board of trustees for the university. General Meldrim first suggested 
the erection of the monument to Sergeant Jasper, in Madison Square, 
Savannah, and then co-operated in the efforts which brought about the 
building of this memorial. In the American Bar Association he is chair- 
man of the committee on jurisprudence and law reform, and he is one 
of the commissioners on uniformity of laws for the state of Georgia. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 703 

General Meldrim has achieved wide fame for his eloquence as a 
speaker; a reputation that had its beginning- in his college days. Besides ' 
possessing the most pleasing oratorical graces, his addresses indicate deep 
scholarship and a wide range of reading and assimilation.. Some of them 
are models of thought, form and diction. He has delivered notable 
speeches before the American Bar Association, as well as the Georgia 
and other state bar associations ; also a large number of literary, historical 
and miscellaneous addresses. Upon the occasions of the presence, of dis- 
tinguished personages in the city, or in the formalities of extending in- 
vitation to such to be Savannah's guests, General Meldrim usually is 
chosen as the speaker to voice the city's welcome. 

General Meldrim belongs to the Masonic and other orders. He is a 
member of the Oglethorpe Club, Capital City Club of Atlanta, Hussars 
Club, Yacht Club and the University clubs of Atlanta and Savannah, of 
the latter of which he is president. He was married June 30, 1881, to 
Miss Frances P. Casey, daughter of Dr. Heni-y R. and Caroline (Harris) 
Casey, of Columbia county, Georgia, and a grand-niece of Maj. John Mc- 
Pherson Berrien, who was one of Savannah's distinguished citizens of 
former years. General and Mrs. Meldrim have four children, namely: 
Caroline Louise, Prances Casey, who married Col. G. Noble Jones, Sophia 
d'A, and Jane. The Meldrim residence in Savannah is one of the most 
beautiful and stately homes in the South. It is possessed of historic 
interest from the fact that it was the headquarters of General Sherman 
upon the occupation of the city by the Federal army in December, 186-1. 

James M. Barnard figures in the business life of Savannah in three 
distinct capacities, namely : as ship broker, as president of the United 
Hydraulic Cotton Press Company and as president of the Savannah 
Hotel Company. A young New Englander, scarcely attained to his ma- 
jority, his military connection at the time of the Civil war brought him 
to the seat of the conflict and his glimpse of the South falling upon the 
fertile imagination of youth, served so to enthrall him, that at the close 
of the war he severed the old associations and located in the city whose 
beauty is only equaled by its wealth of romantic history. He has re- 
sided here since 1865 and as one of the leading spirits in commercial and 
industrial life, has materially assisted in the growth and development 
of Savannah. He is known far and wide as a man of remarkable execu- 
tive capacity, of fine initiative, with the power to make realities out of 
big ideas, and accustomed to "hitching his wagon to a star." Not only 
has he been successful in material ways, but his career has been such as 
to warrant the trust and confidence of the business world, for he has 
conducted all transactions according to the strictest principles of honor. 
His devotion to the public good is not questioned and arises from a sincere 
interest in the welfare of his fellow men. 

Mr. Barnard was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on the 4th day of 
May, 1841. He is the son of Rev. Charles F. Barnard and he was reared 
and educated in the "hub of the universe." At the outbreak of the 
Civil war he enlisted in the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts Regiment, and 
participated in various important operations in the South. One of these 
of nearby interest, was the famous assault on Battery Wagner, in Charles- 
ton harbor, this being one of the bloodiest conflicts, numbers considered, 
in the history of the war. His service was three years in duration. 

As mentioned previously, Mr. Barnard came to Savannah in the year 
1865 and here he has ever since maintained his residence. During his 
half century's connection in this city, Mr. Barnard has been engaged with 
important interests in maritime affairs. Soon after beginning business 
here, the firm of Richardson & Barnard was formed, his partner being 



704 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Edward C. Richardson, now of Boston. Later C. S. Connerat became a 
member of the firm, but without change in its name. , This firm were 
part owners and agents in Savannah of the old Boston Line, operating 
the two steamships, "Gate City" and "City of Columbus," between 
Savannah and Boston. This prosperous ocean passenger and freight 
business they conducted for several years and finally sold to the present 
Ocean Steamship Company. The old firm of Richardson & Barnard, 
not long after the war, built the Tybee telegraph line and they were the 
first to bring the telephone to Savannah ; they built the telephone line 
between Tybee island and Savannah, which later they sold to the Bell 
Telephone Company. The telegraph and telephone lines were con- 
structed originally for their own business. It will from this be seen 
that Mr. Barnard is an innovator in very definite fashion and he has 
ever kept well abreast of progress. 

In 1890, the old firm of Richardson & Barnard was dissolved, and 
since that time Mr. Barnard has continued in the same line of enterprise 
under the name of Barnard & Company. He is also president of the 
United Hydraulic Cotton Press Company and of the Savannah Hotel 
Company, which owns and operates the DeSoto Hotel in Savannah, Mr. 
Barnard having been one of the originators of this admirable hostelry in 
1890. This magnificent tourist and commercial hotel has been a most 
potent factor in the modern growth and development of Savannah, 
attracting annually great numbers of people to the Forest city to enjoy 
the climate and attractions, who would not have come but for the elegant 
comforts and conveniences of the DeSoto Hotel. The chambers are 
unusually large and peculiarly adapted to the climate, having the advan- 
tage of being all outside rooms. The water is supplied from an artesian 
well of great purity, seven hundred feet deep and situated on the 
grounds. The hotel is very spacious and covers an entire block. The 
open air cafe, in use from May to October, during the winter months 
is converted into a sunny sheltered piazza, one hundred and fifty feet 
long and thirty feet wide. 

Mr. Barnard has been a member of the pilotage commission of Savan- 
nah for over twenty years and is chairman of the commission. He has a 
wide circle of friends, the boundaries of the state by no means limiting 
his acquaintance and popularity. 

His wife, who is deceased and to whom he was married in 1S66. was 
Miss Harriet L. Otis, who was born in Roxbury. Massachusetts. There 
are five children of the union : Theodore Otis Barnard, deceased ; Mrs. 
Grace B. Brewster, William L. Barnard, and James H. Barnard, these 
three of Boston, and Mrs. Elsie B. Chisholm. wife of Frank M. Chisholm 
of Savannah. 

Fleming Davies Tinsley. Among the foremost citizens of Savannah 
is Fleming Davies Tinsley, whose relation to the business community is 
concerned with the products peculiar to this section of the South, Mr. 
Tinsley being an exporter of cotton and phosphate rock. It is safe to 
say that he has no peer in his knowledge of these particular fields, and 
as one concerned in a line of industry which lias important bearing upon 
the progress and stable prosperity of the community, lie occupies a con- 
spicuous position in business circles. He belongs to representative fami- 
lies of the South, on the maternal side coming of Revolutionary stock, 
this family — the Davies — having been prominent in this section previous 
to the struggle for independence. 

Mr. Tinsley was born at the summer residence of his pai'ents at Mil- 
ledgeville, Georgia. Their home, however, was in Savannah, and as the 
greater part of his life has been passed within the boundaries of the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 705 

beautiful and historic city, whose traditions are very dear to him, he 
maintains that he is a native Savannahian, and no one will gainsay this. ' 
He is the son of William B. and Sarah Grantland (Davies) Tinsley. The 
father was born in Hanover county, Virginia, and came to Savannah 
during the early '40s. For several years before the war and during the 
first of the supreme struggle between the North and South, he was the 
cashier of the old Savannah Bank, which occupied the building at No. 
15 Bay street, East. Prior to the war between the states he held the office 
of state treasurer for several terms. This was previous to becoming 
cashier of the aforementioned bank. The demise of this gentleman 
occurred when the subject was a child, during the war, but he is still 
well and affectionately remembered by the older residents of Savannah. 
Mr. Tinsley had four older brothers in the Confederate service during 
the Civil war. His mother was the daughter of Judge William Davies, 
of Savannah, one of the distinguished lawyers of his day, and judge of 
the United States circuit court for the district of Georgia, and of the 
superior court for the eastern judicial circuit. Judge Davies was the 
son of Edward and Rebecca (Lloyd) Davies, the latter the daughter of 
Benjamin Lloyd of South Carolina, who was a lieutenant of artillery in 
South Carolina troops in 1779 and 1780. Mr. Tinsley 's great-grandfather, 
Edward Davies, of Savannah, served as a member of the provincial con- 
gress of Georgia in July, 1775, and for that reason he was named in the 
celebrated "disqualifying act," passed by the royal council of Georgia. 

Mr. Tinsley received his early schooling in the public schools of the 
city; afterwards he had private tutelage in Macon, to which city the 
family had temporarily removed. Upon growing to manhood, he entered 
business life, for which his tastes and abilities fitted him, his first asso- 
ciation being in the office of Seymour, Tinsley & Company of Macon, 
wholesale grocers, the junior member of the firm being his brother, A. R. 
Tinsley. He remained in this business in Macon for some years and then 
went to Alabama, where he engaged in the fertilizing business. In 1899, 
he left Alabama and returned to his old home, Savannah, the memory of 
whose charms and advantages had ever remained vividly with him. Mr. 
Tinsley has encountered the best of fortunes here. He is the senior mem- 
ber of the firm, Tinsley & Hull, exporters of cotton and phosphate rock. 
This is a prominent firm widely and favorably known in the world of 
trade concerned with these two great industries. 

Mr. Tinsley married Miss Martha Rodman Ruan, daughter of John 
G. and Amanda (Clark) Ruan. They are prominent in the social and 
benevolent activities of the community. Mr. Tinsley is a vestryman of 
Christ church. He is a member of the Cotton Exchange and the Chamber 
of Commerce, and a member of the Oglethorpe Club and of the Savannah 
Yacht Club. Besides his exporting business he has several additional 
interests of wide scope and importance, among other things being a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the Merchants' National Bank of Savan- 
nah. 

Andrew Jackson Moye. A position of leadership in a community is 
not easily acquired except by hard work, careful management and endur- 
ing integrity. When his fellow citizens in Randolph county speak of 
Mr. Moye as the wealthiest or one of the wealthiest men of the county 
they also imply in this assertion that he has acquired this position of 
both affluence and influence by the most honorable means, and that his 
long life has been one of utmost honor in all its varied relations. 

Past eighty years of age, Mr. Moye is one of the oldest residents of 
Randolph county, and represents a family which gave pioneer service 



706 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

in clearing the woods, and making farms and planting the early crops 
and founding of civilized institutions in this section of Georgia. Andrew 
Jackson Moye was born on a plantation about ten miles east of Barn- 
well Courthouse in South Carolina, December 12, 1832. His father was 
the Hon. Allen Moye, who was born on the same plantation in 1798. 
The grandfather was Matthew Moye who was born in North Carolina, 
whence he removed to South Carolina, purchasing land bordering upon 
Palttatcher creek, ten miles east of Barnwell Courthouse. The grand- 
father was a man of much ability and considerable property, and with 
the aid of his slaves cleared out a farm and made it his home until his 
death. 

Allen Moye, the father, acquired a good education in his native dis- 
trict and was still a very young man when he was called into public 
affairs. He was elected a representative in the state legislature, a few 
weeks before he was twenty-one years of age. In 183-1 he. sold his es- 
tate in South Carolina and came into Georgia, settling in Randolph 
county. On that journey he was accompanied by his wife and six 
children, and they came through the woods and over the rough roads 
and trails with teams and wagons, bringing all their household goods 
and a large supply of agricultural implements, the slaves following along 
on foot. A tract of land three miles northwest of Cuthbert was the site 
chosen for his location. At that time the population in this district 
was very sparse and the Indians were still here and laid claim to the 
region as their hunting grounds. He was in Georgia in time to par- 
ticipate in the last great Indian war of 1836, when the southwestern 
Indians were finally defeated and compelled to remove to the "West. In 
1841, Allen Moye became a candidate for the state senate. During the 
campaign he attended a rally and barbecue at which he caught cold 
and his death occurred before the election. Allen Moye married Sarah 
J. Rice, daughter of Charles Rice, who so far as known was a lifelong 
resident of South Carolina in the Barnwell district. Mrs. Moye died 
in 1862 at the age of sixty years. Her ten children were named Wil- 
liam, John, George, Andrew J., Mary, Benjamin, Wyatt, Allen, and 
Sarah. 

Andrew Jackson Moye since he was two j T ears of age has spent nearly 
all his life in Randolph county, and there is probably no other resident 
whose actions cover so much of the development of this section from 
its primitive conditions to the present time. As a boy he attended one 
of the neighborhood schools, that school being taught in a log build- 
ing on the home farm. Subsequently the old frame courthouse at 
Cuthbert was removed in order to make room for a new brick struc- 
ture, and the old building was then put to use as a school house, and 
as a boy he remembers that building as one of the institutions in Ran- 
dolph county. Early in his youth he went to Georgetown, and became 
clerk in a general store. With the earnings of that occupation during 
two years he was enabled to advance his education, and attended the 
Brownwood Institute at Lagrange, and remained there as a student until 
the death of his brother George. Then at the solicitation of his mother 
he returned home to take charge of the farm. The following year he 
went to Eufaula, Alabama, where he was engaged in clerking for a 
lime, after which he returned to the farm for a lew months, and then 
moved into Cuthbert, where he was clerk in the store of Mi'. Jesse E. 
Key until the latter 's death. Then in 1859 he bought a plantation ad- 
joining the old homestead and devoted all his lime and attention to 
agricultural activities until after the war. 

In 1S(>4 Mr. Moye enlisted in Company B. of the Tenth Georgia 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 707 

Infantry, and was engaged with tins regiment in the defense of Atlanta. 
After the fall of that city he was in the battle at Griswolds Station, 
and while the army was on the march to Altamaha he was detailed 
as assistant quartermaster, being sent back to Macon where he remained 
until the close of the war. He was then paroled, and returned home to 
the farm, where he continued to live and manage the property until 
1875. In that year he moved into Cuthbert and has since had his home 
in the county seat. His father soon after moving to Randolph county, 
bought a block of land west of and facing the public square in Cuthbert. 
and on a portion of this land Mr. A. J. Moye erected a building which 
he has since used for an office. For many years he has made a business of 
loaning money, and also employs his time in looking after his various 
investments, and other affairs. 

In November. 1859, he married Laura J. West, who was born in 
Stewart county, a daughter of William and Laura Elizabeth (Pettit) 
West. Mr. and Mrs. Moye have five children: Andrew Clinton. Robert 
Leiden, Andrew Pettit, Loraine Mickle and Claude T. The son, Andrew 
Clinton, is a planter and has a mill and gin in Randolph county. He 
married Dixie Harris, and their two children are named Hubert Melton 
and Clinton. Robert L. is a practicing attorney and former mayor of 
Cuthbert, and by his marriage to Florence Powell has three children 
named Annie Laurie, Powell, and Eloise. Andrew P. is a merchant 
and planter, and married Lilla Tumlin, and their five children are Lewis, 
Guydon, Marie, Martha and Claude. Loraine M. married Elizabeth 
Walrath, and their two children are Laura Estelle and Andrew J. The 
parents of Mr. Moye were Baptists, and his wife is a member of that 
faith and has reared her children in the creed and practice of this 
religion. 

Hon. Alexander A. Lawrence. One of the adopted sons of Savan- 
nah, Georgia, is Hon. Alexander A. Lawrence, member of the state legis- 
lature and an able lawyer of the city. He is qualified by his professional 
experience and success, his integrity and his qualities of mind and heart 
for the position to which his political and personal friends have called 
him. 

Mr. Lawrence was born at Marietta, Georgia, on April 5, 1869, and 
comes of a Southern family, his father, Robert DeTreveille Lawrence 
having been born at Beaufort, South Carolina, and his mother, whose 
maiden name was Annie E. Atkinson, in Camden county, Georgia. They 
reside at the present time at Marietta, where the father has lived since 
1842, having gone there as a child with his father in that year. The 
elder gentleman is a civil engineer by profession and he is a Confederate 
veteran of the Civil war, in which he served in the signal corps, in the 
southern army. 

Mr. Lawrence, whose name heads this review, received his preliminary 
education in the common schools of this birthplace, Marietta, and subse- 
quently entered the University of Georgia at Athens, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated with the class of 1890. He had in the meantime 
come to the conclusion to adopt, the law as his profession and made 
preparatory study for the profession at Brunswick, being admitted to the 
bar in 1891. He first hung out his shingle, as common parlance has it, 
at St. Mary's in Camden county, and remained there two or three years, 
from the first giving evidence of an unusually good legal mind. In 1894 
he moved to Savannah and became established in the practice of law in 
this city, which has ever since been his home. In 1900 he formed a law 

I'ol. II— 1 -j 



708 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

partnership with W. W. Osborne, under the firm name of Osborne & 
Lawrence, and the same has developed into one of the -prominent and 
successful law firms in the city. This concern, in addition to a large 
general practice, is the legal representative of the Savannah Electric Rail- 
way Company, which operates the electric street railway system in Savan- 
nah. 

Mr. Lawrence is one who gives his support to the men and measures 
of the Democratic party. In 1904, in manifestation of the general high 
regard in which he is held, he was elected a member of the Georgia state 
legislature for the regular term of two years. Recommended by his past 
record in such capacity, he was again elected to the office in 1908 and 
once more succeeded himself in 1910. His legislative district embraces 
Chatham county. He has proved a most useful member of the state 
assembly, his work therein being to a considerable extent in the nature 
of opposing needless and harmful legislation, rather than in the intro- 
duction of new bills. In the session ending in 1911 he was chairman of 
the committee on constitutional amendments, and has been a member of 
both the general judiciary and the special judiciary committees. 

Mr. Lawrence was formerly a member of the Savannah Volunteer 
Guards, and as such enlisted as a private for service in the Spanish- 
American war, his company being a part of the Second Georgia Regiment. 
Later he was transferred to the Third Georgia Regiment, in which he 
was made lieutenant of Company K. 

Mr. Lawrence finds pleasure in fraternal association with his fellow 
men and is prominent in a number of organizations of such character, 
among which are the Masonic order, the Knights of Pythias, the Eagles, 
and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. 

In 1900 Mr. Lawrence married Miss Isabel Ashby Paine, who was 
born in Charleston, South Carolina, and they have four interesting 
children, namely: Harriet, Alexander A., Jr., Ann and Virginia. 

Col. Sigo Myers. The name of Myers has figured with gratifying 
prominence in the life of Savannah for more than half a century as 
bankers, manufacturers, merchants and citizens of the highest type. The 
Myers brothers have ever been known as men who did things and their 
imprint is upon many splendid' enterprises. In 1852 the little Bavariau 
family located within the fair boundaries of the South and in the ensuing 
years they have proved the possessors of all those characteristics which 
make the typical German so admirable an acquisition to our nation, and 
the support of our institutions. Sturdy integrity, indomitable perse- 
verance, high intelligence and much business sagacity have been repre- 
sented in them, and no more honored subjects could be represented in 
a work of this character. 

Col. Sigo Myers, president of the National Bank of Savannah, suc- 
ceeded to this position upon the death of his brother, the late Herman 
Myers, who from its founding until his decease on March 24, 1909, held 
that position. Herman Myers, who was the elder brother, was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, in 1847, the son of Sigmund and Fanny Myers, who 
in 1852, joined the numerous Teutonic company in quest of American 
independence and opportunity, and with their family crossed the Atlantic 
and shortly after arriving on our shores, located at Warm Springs, Bath 
county, Virginia, where their children were reared. There young Her- 
man received his public school education, and. the family being in mod- 
est circumstances, he learned, like the usual German lad, a ti-ade, his 
being that of a tanner. His father died in 1861 and the family removed 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 709 

to Lynchburg. In 1867, Herman Myers came to Savannah, which city 
remained his home until his death, his active and busy life attaining 
for him a position of relative distinction in the community with which 
his interests were allied. After coming here he became engaged in the 
cigar and tobacco business, and subsequently became a large handler and 
exporter of wool, under the firm name of H. Myers & Brother. He con- 
tinued his interest in the cigar business, however, and in association with 
his brother, Sigo Myers, became an extensive manufacturer of cigars. 
He acquired the controlling interest in El Modelo Cigar Manufacturing 
Company, of which he was president and which maintained a large cigar 
factory at Tampa, Florida. He organized the Cuban American Cigar 
Manufacturing Company, into which El Modelo Company was merged 
and which maintained an office and factory at Havana, as well as in 
Tampa. This became one of the largest cigar manufacturing industries 
of the country. A few years before his death he disposed of his interests 
in the cigar manufacturing business and thereafter centered most of his 
activities in the banking business in Savannah. 

He was the principal organizer and from its founding until the 
time of his decease was the president of the National Bank of Savannah, 
which began business in 1885. He promoted the erection of the National 
Bank building, the home of his bank, a splendid office building of hand- 
some design, ten stories in height, standing at the corner of Bull and 
Broughton streets, the heart of the business section and one of the show 
places of the city. The capital stock of the bank is $250,000, while its 
surplus and undivided profits amount to nearly double that sum. It is 
one of the strongest financial institutions in the South and numbers 
among its board of directors a list of citizens whose business reputation 
and financial resources rank among the highest in Savannah. The bank 
has always been well managed to the extent that it gives the best of satis- 
faction in profits to its stockholders combined with the best of accommo- 
dations to its customers. 

Herman Myers was one of the organizers and for years was president 
of the Savannah Grocery Company, wholesale. He was also the presi- 
dent of the Oglethorpe Savings & Trust Company, an auxiliary of the 
National Bank, organized to handle its large savings department. He 
was one of the organizers and promoters of the construction of the South- 
bound Railway Company, of which he was the vice-president until the 
time of its disposal to the Seaboard Air Line Railway Company. He was 
also largely interested in the old Savannah & Tybee Railroad and the 
Tybee Hotel Company. In addition to his Savannah interests he was a 
member of the syndicate which purchased the Macon Street Railway & 
Lighting System, and was president of the reorganized company. 

In 1885, Herman Myers was elected a member of the board of alder- 
men of Savannah. He was continuously a member of the city council 
for ten years, serving on the finance committee during the entire period. 
For five years he was a member of the sanitary board. These duties 
equipped him well for the position of mayor, to which he was called by 
election of the people in 1895. He served out the term of two years, and 
then, after an interval of two years, he was again in 1899 elected mayor. 
v He was re-elected in 1901, 1903, and 1905, the last three terms quite 
without opposition. His administration during those years was marked 
by the greatest permanent public improvements in the history of Savan- 
nah, including street paving, enlargement of the water works plant, 
street openings, and, the greatest achievement of them all, the building 
of the present city hall, one of the finest municipal buildings in the 
South. In Masonry he had taken the Scottish Rite degree. His life was 
in every way an honor to himself and to his home city, Savannah. 



710 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Although he has given "his honors to the world again, his hlessed part 
to heaven," his benignant influence will not soon be lost in the city 
which was so much the better for his having lived in it. 

Col. Sigo Myers, brother of the foregoing, was born in Bavaria in 
1850, and was about two years old when his parents came to America. 
His boyhood history was nearly identical with that of his brother in rear- 
ing and education. Like Herman Myers he is entirely a self-made man, 
rising to his present position of wealth and influence in the financial 
world from the ranks. The Myers boys lost their father in early child- 
hood, and, without any inheritance or financial assistance of any kind, 
found it necessary to begin earning their livelihood at an early age. 

Sigo Myers came to Savannah in 1868, one year after his brother. 
For several years he was actively associated with his brother in the cigar 
manufacturing business and became president of El Modelo and the 
Cuban American Cigar Manufacturing Company, mentioned in a pre- 
ceding paragraph. These interests took him away from Savannah for 
some years, during which he resided in Florida. As a capitalist he took 
a prominent part in the building up of Jacksonville, in which city, as 
well as in Tampa, he still holds large and important property interests. 
Previous to his brother's death he was vice-president of the National 
Bank of Savannah and upon his brother's death he became president of 
the institution, and through his wise, skillful and experienced manage- 
ment the bank has continued to flourish as it has from the beginning. 
He also succeeded his brother as president of the Oglethorpe Savings & 
Trust Company. In addition to those in Savannah and Jacksonville, he 
also has important financial interests in Macon and Columbus. Georgia. 
He is vice-president of the Muscogee Real Estate & Improvement Com- 
pany of Columbus and is vice-president of the Macon Railway & Light 
Company. He is a director of the Glen Springs Company, Spartanburg, 
South Carolina, also a director of the Gainesville & Midland Railway. 
Mr. Myers has taken a very active part in the founding of the Jewish 
Educational Alliance, a non-sectarian institution, and to which he 
donated the building. He stands high in Masonry, being a thirty-second 
degree Scottish Rite Mason and a Shriner, and is president of the Masonic 
Temple Association. Under his administration, and the present trustees, 
ground for the temple was broken. 

Colonel Myers has always taken an active interest in the famous mili- 
tary organizations of Savannah ; he is one of the board of directors of 
the Savannah Volunteer Guards; he was a member of the Georgia Hus- 
sars for several years. Upon the election of Joe M. Brown as governor 
in 1909 he was appointed lieutenant colonel upon the governor's staff 
and served as such until the expiration of Governor Brown's term in 
June, 1911. 

Colonel Myers takes an active interest not only in local affairs, but in 
matters generally of national and world-wide interest. He is known 
particularly as an ardent sympathizer with and prominent advocate of 
world-wide peace. On this subject lie made a notable address on .July 
4, 1911, before the annual convention of the Witham Bankers' Associa- 
tion, at Warm Springs. Georgia, and a month or two later, while sojourn- 
ing at Carlsbad, in Bavaria, lie wrote a public letter on the subject of 
world-wide peace which received prominent space in the Paris edition of 
the New York II '< raid. Colonel Myers has an intimate knowledge, not 
only of national, but also of world politics, and. speaking not only as a 
citizen, but as a representative of the great hanking interests which 
always are called upon to finance wars, his views on this important sub- 
ject, and his enthusiastic advocacy of disarmament and of world-wide 
peace, receive the most respectful attention. 

In -luly. 1911, he married .Mrs. Nellie Simmonds. of New York. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA . 711 

Edward J. Thomas of Savannah is one of the representative civjl 
engineers of Georgia, and is county surveyor of Chatham county. He 
was born in Savannah on March 25, 1840, and is a son of Maj. John A. 
and Malvina H. (Iluguenin) Thomas; the former was born in Mcintosh 
county, Georgia, and the latter in Charleston, South Carolina. Maj. 
John A. Thomas was a planter by vocation, established in Mcintosh 
county, and his death occurred there in 1858. He was a son of Jonathan 
and Mary Jane (Baker) Thomas. His wife, Malvina, was a daughter of 
John and Eliza (Vallard) Iluguenin, both of whom were of French 
Huguenot stock. Mrs. Thomas survived her husband for many years, 
her death occurring in 1895. 

Edward J. Thomas secured a good education in the academic sense, 
as well as in the line of his profession. He was graduated in the Uni- 
versity of Georgia as a member of the class of 1860, receiving the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. In early manhood he taught school for two months, 
but his vocation during practically his entire career has been that of 
civil engineering. For many years he was the civil engineer for the 
Savannah Street Railway Company, and for eight years he rendered 
most efficient services as county engineer for Chatham county. 

The loyalty of Mr. Thomas to the cause of the Confederacy was mani- 
fested in a most unequivocal way during the war between the states. He 
served two years in the ranks, but on account of physical disability was 
appointed quartermaster sergeant in the Fifth Georgia Cavalry, with 
Wheeler's command in General Johnston's army, and surrendered at 
Greensboro. Many and thrilling were the experiences of Mr. Thomas 
during his military service, and at a meeting in February, 1912, of the 
Confederate Veterans' Association in Savannah, Mr. Thomas related 
some war-time reminiscences for the delectation of the assembly which 
were particularly well received. He had been asked to read a paper on 
the evacuation of Savannah, but upon reflection, he said he had come 
to the conclusion that as he had no business being in Savannah at the 
time of its evacuation, it might be more appropriate to change his topic 
to deal with interesting experiences of camp life, dealing particularly 
with those of the western cavalry just prior to the surrender of Atlanta. 
He said that after the big light at Murfreesboro when his command was 
returning to Savannah the order was passed that every man without a 
mount could get a thirty days' furlough. The Confederate troopers 
owned their own horses, so Mr. Thomas gave his horse, saddle and bridle 
to his comrade, and thus being without a mount, took advantage of the 
furlough and spent thirty days at home, which explained how he came to 
be in Savannah at the time of its evacuation. Among other interesting 
tilings, he related how he recruited a horse in the bushwhacking country 
by the peculiar method of going out in the early morning before day- 
break and rifling the nearest stable of its best mount for his use, and 
told how he saved his neck, likewise retained possession of a stolen horse, 
by the exercise of a bit of quick wit and strategy. These and many 
another experience, rich in movement and excitement, told by Mr. 
Thomas in his peciuiarly interesting manner, proved a delightful offer- 
ing in the program of the evening. 

Mr. Thomas is a member of the United Confederate Veterans and of 
the University Club of Georgia. He is a Democrat in his political faith. 
He and his wife are members of St. John's Episcopal church. Mr. 
Thomas is now actively engaged in his profession and is at the head 
of the plans and specification committee of the drainage commission to 
devise and construct storm and domestic sewers for the entire city, as 
outlined in the .$600,000 issue of bonds (1912). 

On April 2, 1862, Mr. Thomas was married to Miss Alice G. Walthour, 



712 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

daughter of George and Mary (Russell) Walthour of Walthourville, 
Liberty county, Georgia. Seven children were born to, them, namely: 
Abbott; Walthour; Julia, wife of C. H. Gibbes; Alice, married R. C. 
Gordon ; Edward J., Jr. ; Huguenin, and Dr. Marion R. Of these, 
Walthour died in youth, Mrs. Gibbes died in 1900, and Abbott died in 
1912. 

Thomas Ralph Moye, M. D., lias been engaged in the practice 
of his profession in Abbeville for about fourteen years. He is a native 
of Georgia, born in Washington county on November 7, 1873, the son of 
Robert J. and Laura (Graybill) Moye, both natives of Washington 
county. The father is deceased, but the mother still lives. Robert 
Moye was a planter and merchant, and was prominent in the public 
life of his county, representing Washington county in the house of 
representatives in 1884-85, and in the senate in 1898-99. He was a 
highly esteemed citizen of his community, and his death was a distinct 
loss to the communal life. 

Thomas R. Moye was educated in Washington and Johnson counties, 
with regard to fundamentals, and when he was sixteen years of age he 
entered the University of Georgia, from which institution he was 
graduated in 1894, after which he completed a course of study in the 
Physicians and Surgeons College in Atlanta, being graduated there- 
from in 1899. Between the two college courses, however, the young 
man taught school in Butts and Franklin counties, as a means of further- 
ing his progress in an educational way. Immediately following the com- 
pletion of his studies Dr. Moye located in Abbeville where he has con- 
tinued ever since, and he has been successful in building up a fine 
practice in this community. He has attained a high degree of promi- 
nence in a public way, and has been a member of the city council for 
a number of terms, and in 1909 was mayor of the city. 

On Deecmber 20, 1899, Dr. Moye was united in marriage with Miss 
Rilla Leedy, daughter of J. D. and Annie E. Leedy, natives of Indiana. 
Mrs. Moye received her education in the schools. of Bourbon. Indiana. 
Dr. and Mrs. Moye have one daughter — Annie Belle, born December 
15, 1900. The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and Dr. Moye is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Dr. Moye is one of a family of eleven children, of which number 
seven are now living. R. T. is a farmer in Washington county ; Dr. 
L.. G. is conducting a practice at Adrian. Georgia: E. L. is located at 
Augusta : B. H. is an attorney in Wrightville ; Mattie is the wife of 
W. B. Daniels, a traveling salesman, and Lula is the wife of C. C. 
Battle, of Sorrento, Florida, Dr. T. R. Moye making the seventh of 
the number. 

Capt. Walter C. Hartridge, solicitor general of the eastern circuit, 
superior court, and a member of one of the strongest law firms of Savan- 
nah — O'Byrne, Hartridge & Wright — is a native of the city in which he 
lives. He was born in 1870, a son of distinguished parents. Hon. Julian 
and Mary M. (Charlton) Hartridge. 

Julian Hartridge was born in Savannah, Georgia, September 9, 1829. 
and died in Washington, District of Columbia. January 8, 1879. At the 
age of nineteen, he graduated with honors in the class of 1848 at Brown 
University, Providence. Rhode Island, and he studied law in the Harvard 
Law School, from which lie received the degree of LL. B. in 1850. 
Returning to his home in Savannah, he entered the law office of Judge 
Robert M. Charlton and began the practice of his profession. Soon there- 




<ZS o^vyw o-j V J 




e/ fyu 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 713 

after he was elected by the legislature to the position of solicitor-general 
of the eastern judicial circuit, in which office he proved his abilities as 
a lawyer of the first class. In 1859 he was elected to the general assem- 
bly of Georgia, and in 1860 was sent as a delegate to the national Demo- 
cratic convention. At the breaking out of the war between the North 
and the South in 1861, he entered the service of the Confederate army, 
as second lieutenant of the Chatham Artillery of Savannah, and served 
in that capacity until 1862, when he was elected a member of the Con- 
federate state congress. He served with distinction in this capacity 
until the close of the war and the consequent breaking up of the Con- 
federacy. Then he returned to Savannah and resumed the practice of 
law, in partnership with Judge Walter S. Chisholm. In 1874 he was 
elected a member of the forty-fourth congress from the "first district 
of Georgia. In that year also he presided over, as chairman, the first 
Democratic convention which gave to Georgia its first governor elected 
by her own people, following the reconstruction period. This conven- 
tion made him also the chairman of the state Democratic executive com- 
mittee. In 1876 he was an elector on the Tilden and Hendricks ticket, 
and in the same year he was elected to the United States congress. He 
had served out this term and was preparing to return to his home in 
Savannah, where it was his ambition to resume the practice of his pro- 
fession and devote his time exclusively to it, when death overtook him, 
his demise occurring, as above stated, at Washington, on January 8, 1879. 

Among the people of his native city and state Julian Hartridge was 
universally accorded a place of the highest distinction. He was hand- 
some in person, accomplished in intellect, polished in manner; withal 
he was kind, gentle, considerate and generous, and he had a keen sense 
of honor. Endowed by nature with an intellect adapted to the discern- 
ment of truth, and embellished by literary attainments of the most liberal 
description — this, together with an honorable ambition and a persever- 
ing industry, rarely equipped him for the practice of law. As an orator 
his language was unusually chaste and elegant, as well as easy and 
fluent ; his delivery, correct and impressive ; his logic, clear and con- 
cise ; his voice, musical and magnetic. As a legislator he was pre-emi- 
nently conservative and just, and although a Democrat of the strictest 
sort, he did not hesitate to disregard the demands of mere party exigency 
whenever there was a conflict between them. His broad views of life 
and his sterling traits of character made him a man admired by the 
people among whom he lived — admired and looked up to and loved. 

The wife of Julian Hartridge was before her marriage Miss Mary M. 
Charlton, eldest daughter of Judge Robert M. Charlton. 

Walter C. Hartridge was reared in Savannah and received his edu- 
cation in the public schools and in Chatham Academy. He studied law 
in the office of Charlton & Mackall, was admitted to the bar in 1890 and 
began the practice of his profession, and he practiced alone for six years. 
In 1898 he became identified with the firm of O'Connor & 'Byrne, and 
the name was changed to O'Connor, 'Byrne & Hartridge. This firm 
style continued until January 1, 1910, when Mr. O'Connor's name was 
dropped, he having died in November, 1909 ; Anton P. Wright was then 
admitted to the company and the name became 'Byrne, Hartridge & 
Wright, which today represents one of the strongest legal firms in 
Savannah. 

From time to time Captain Hartridge has been honored with import- 
ant position. He was city recorder (police judge) of Savannah for 
four years, from 1897 to 1901. In November, 1908, he was elected solic- 
itor general (prosecuting attorney) of the superior court, eastern judi- 
cial circuit, for a term of four vears, and took charge of this office on 



714 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

January 1, 1909. Here he has proved his efficiency; his service has 
received the high approbation of the people. 

Before the Spanish-American war, Mr. Hartridge 'was an active 
member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, Company D. This company 
enlisted for service in that war, in which it became Company B of the 
Second Georgia Regiment of Volunteers, of which company he was 
second lieutenant. Subsequent to the war he was made captain of Com- 
pany D of the guards, which rank he held for about two years, until 
he tendered his resignation. 

Captain Hartridge has been twice married. His first wife, who was 
Miss Bessie D. Hartridge, was a cousin. She died, leaving him witli 
one son, Julian Hartridge. The present Mrs. Hartridge was before 
her marriage Miss Catharine Melntire, and is a daughter of James W. 
and Cathai'ine (Foley) Melntire of Savannah. 

Charles Clarke Millar. Sometimes by executive order the wheels 
of a great railroad system are checked for a few moments to signalize 
the passing of a famous official, such is our appreciation of that which is 
spectacular and unusual. But when the stipulated time has expired 
work is resumed and those who did not know the man quickly forget 
the incident. It is the man whose passing can claim the thoughts of 
his fellow workmen and arouse their sorrow and regret who receives 
the truest tribute in this busy day and age, and such a man is invaria- 
bly one who has worked with and worked for his associates, who has 
understood and appreciated them, rather than one far distant who by 
the chance of fortune or fate has attained to a directive capacity. 

Of the latter class, the well-beloved leader and loyal co-worker, was 
the late Charles Clarke Millar, of Savannah, for forty years master car 
builder for the Central of Georgia Railroad. His long connection with 
the system as its master ear builder was in itself a silent tribute to his 
ability and character, and there is another silent testimonial to his worth 
standing beside his grave in the beautiful cemetery at Savannah. It is a 
monument of chaste but striking design, and bears upon one face the 
following inscription : 

Charles C. Millar 
Died May 5, 1880 Age 64 years. 



Erected by the employes of the Central Railroad Car 
Department, with which he was connected as master car 
builder for forty years, in grateful remembrance of his 
many virtues. 

This brief, but beautiful tribute from the grateful hearts of men 
who were for years intimately associated with Mr. Millar in their daily 
life, and who knew better than any others what a splendid type of 
character he possessed, indicates how fondly he was held in the affections 
of his friends and fellow workers. 

Charles Clarke Millar was born at St. Mary's. Camden county, Geor- 
gia, March 19. 1816, and died at Savannah. Georgia, on May 5. 1880. 
He was a son of Jacob and Lydia (Pierce) Millar. Jacob Millar was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, September 15, 1777. ami settled at St. Mary's. 
Georgia, in 1809. He removed to Savannah with his family about 1837 
and died in that city on August 29, 1854. His wife, Lydia Pierce, was 
descended from a long line of prominent New England ancestry, one of 
her forbears being ('apt. Michael Pierce, who was distinguished for 
his service in King Philip's war. Jacob Millar himself was of English 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 715 

ancestry, the members of his family being early settlers in New England 
and members of the Plymouth colony, and thus of old Puritan stock. 

In 1837, the year that he came of age, Charles Clarke Millar came to 
Savannah, which city continued his home as long as he lived. He entered 
the railroad service with the Central of Georgia, and in 1840 was 
appointed master car builder. He remained in that position continu- 
ously as long as he lived, covering a period of forty years, with the 
exception of the time that he was doing railroad duty for the Confed- 
eracy during the war between the states. These duties, however, were 
mainly in connection with the Confederate government's use of the 
Central of Georgia, so that his service with that company was practically 
continuous. He espoused immediately and unequivocally the cause of 
the Confederacy when the war broke out, and his sympathies remained 
strongly with the latter. 

As previously noted, his services were eagerly accepted and he was 
detailed on railroad duty, where his practical knowledge and efficiency 
made his service a particularly valuable one. During the two scourges 
of yellow fever in 1854 and in 1876, he remained in the city, attending 
to his business duties and preserving the routine of affairs, and in addi- 
tion, aiding the sick and suffering in every possible way. He was a 
member of the Masons and the Odd Fellows, but took the keenest inter 
est in the latter organization, particularly in its field of charity and 
practical usefulness. No more faithful member of the order ever was 
known in the vicinity, and he esteemed it a privilege to encounter a call 
to aid a sick or needy brother or his family. 

His kindness to the distressed or suffering was by means limited to 
his fraternal affiliations, however, but his bounty was ample and free. 
He was kind and considerate to his men, and they reciprocated. He 
possessed a taste for good literature and was an insatiable reader. His 
well-stocked library was one of his most valued possessions and one that 
he delighted in, and many of his leisure hours were spent there, com- 
muning with the best authors. He was ever ready to lend a good book 
to any of his hundreds of employes, believing that the inspiration of a 
good book was one of the best resources of man. 

In 1845 Mr. Millar married Miss Mary Letitia Yonge, who was born 
in Liverpool, England, but at the time of her marriage was a resident 
of Darien, Georgia. Of their children only one daughter survives the 
parents. She is Mrs. Carrie Millar Everitt, and she has five children : 
Edward Millar Everitt, Athol Everitt, Thomas B. Everitt, Horace P. 
Everitt, and Carrie, the wife of Louis Boyle. 

Mr. Millar's brother, Horace P. Millar, was born in St. Mary's in 
1826, and died in Savannah in 1867. He, like his brother, was a rail- 
road man, but was not so well known in Savannah, having lived there 
for only two years prior to his death. He, too, left to his wife and 
children the heritage of a good name and an honorable record, and one 
coidd not ask for more. 

Joseph Hilton. Standing in the front rank among the more promi- 
nent and more successful representatives of the lumber interests of 
Georgia is Joseph Hilton, of Savannah, president of the Hilton-Dodge 
Lumber Company, which has become a dominant force in the industrial 
and commercial life of the South. Starting in life for himself without 
capital, and without the assistance of influential friends, or the advant- 
ages that wealth can bring, he has steadily worked his way upward from 
the ranks, through his own ability and efforts building up this splendid 
business, which stands as a monument to his years of persistent and 
systematic application to his work. 



716 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Boru in England, October 19, 1842, Mr. Hilton, in 1853, came to 
America with his parents, Thomas and Jane (Lachison) Hilton, who 
located in Darien, Georgia. At the outbreak of the Civil war he en- 
listed in the Mcintosh Guards, of which he was made captain, and 
which, as Company B, Twenty-sixth Georgia Infantry, became a part 
of Stonewall Jackson's corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Serv- 
ing during almost the entire period of the conflict in Virginia, he 
received several promotions, at the time of the surrender, at Appomattox, 
being adjutant general of Gordon's old division, then under command 
of Gen. Clement Evans. 

After the close of the war, in 1865, Mr. Hilton and his brother, 
Thomas Hilton, Jr., embarked in the lumber business with their father, 
in Darien, Georgia, under the firm name of Thomas Hilton & Sons, con- 
tinuing the sawmill business established by the senior member of the 
firm before the war. Thomas Hilton, Sr., subsequently retiring from 
active pursuits, James L. Foster succeeded to his interests, and the firm 
name was changed to Hilton & Foster. Later this enterprising firm 
acquired the sawmill business of both Joseph P. Gilson and R. Lachli- 
son & Son, and continued business under the name of the Hilton Tim- 
ber & Lumber Company, operating four mills. In 1889 the business 
was again enlarged by being merged with the interests of Norman W. 
Dodge, which consisted of two mills on Saint Simon's island, the firm 
name then becoming the Hilton & Dodge Lumber Company, a name 
which it retained even after, in 1900, Mr. Dodge disposed of his inter- 
ests, and retired from business. 

In 1901 this corporation purchased the mill of the Vale Royal 
Manufacturing Company, in Savannah, and in 1906 acquired the Mill 
Haven lumber mill in Screven county, and in addition to those two 
plants the company also owned and operated a large three-band mill 
at Belfast; a mill at Dai'ien ; one near Brunswick; and another on the 
Satilla river. 

In the autumn of 1911 the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company, of 
which Mr. Hilton is president, was reorganized and reincorporated with 
a capital stock of seven and one-half million dollars. Under the previous 
organization this company had control of the following named plants : 
the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company of Darien ; the Mill Haven Lum- 
ber Company of Screven county; the Vale Royal Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Savannah ; the Savannah Mercantile Company ; and the South- 
ern Export Company of Savannah. The new corporation, with its 
greatly enhanced capitalization, was organized for the special purpose 
of bringing all of the business of these subsidiary companies under 
one head, and to build and operate additional plants, thus enlarging 
the scope and value of its business. The new charter of the corporation 
enables it to handle timber lands on a gigantic scale ; to acquire and 
handle agricultural land and town property, and improve the same; 
to engage in the naval stores industry in all of its branches ; to carry 
on agricultural and live stock business, and other enterprises that are 
naturally auxiliary to a great lumber industry. In 1913 they added a 
fleet of barges to their equipment a1 a cost of half a million dollars. 

Mr. Hilton married Miss Ida Naylor. who belongs to a prominent 
and influential family of Savannah, and they have four children, a 
son. Thomas Hilton, a member of the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company, 
and three daughters, namely: Ida. wife of J. Barton Seymour: Ruth, 
wife of Edmond B. Walker, and Miss Lucy G. Hilton. 

Charles E. Adams, general manager of the Vidalia Ice & Coal 
Company, Vidalia. Georgia, is a native of this state. He is a son of 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 717 

James Phillip Adams and wife, Ella (Thornley) Adams, and was born 
on his father's farm in Stewart county, one of a family of six children. 
In the common schools of his native county he received his early educa- 
tion, and at the age of thirteen years he went to Columbus, where he 
finished his schooling. His first business enterprise was at Charles, 
where for about twelve years he was engaged in merchandising. He 
came from there to Vidalia in 1909, and that year he and Mr. J. C. 
May, the furniture dealer of this place, organized the Vidalia Ice & 
Coal Company, of which Mr. Adams has since been general manager. 
Their ice plant has a capacity of ten to twelve tons per day, and the 
demand for ice product is such that it is the intention of the company 
to increase the capacity the coming year, Vidalia being a vantage point 
for this business, since a large quantity of ice is required for the 
refrigerator cars used in handling the fruit shipments to the north. 
Contrasting with the hard city water, the supply of their plant is soft 
and is especially adapted for boiler use and is in demand by the rail- 
roads. The company has a six-year water contract with the different 
railway lines of the city. Another feature of the business is the han- 
dling of coal, lime, cement and other building materials. 

August 9, 1911, Mr. Adams took to himself a wife, wedding Miss 
Kate Brown, daughter of Mrs. Alice Brown, a native of North Carolina. 
Mr. and Mrs. Adams are members of the Baptist church, and, frater- 
nally, Mr. Adams is identified with the Knights of Pythias. Both his 
father and grandfather served in the Confederate army during the 
late war, and fought bravely for their loved Southland. 

William Robert Googe, M. D., has been established in Abbeville for 
the past twenty-two years, and is by long odds the leading member of 
his profession in this locality. He was born in Berrien county, Geor- 
gia, on January 8, 1867, and is the son of Dr. Jas. A. and Annie 
(Smith) Googe. The father was a prominent surgeon and physician in 
his day, who was graduated from Oglethorpe Medical College in 18-53. 
He served throughout the Civil war as a surgeon, and died in 1882. 

As a boy Dr. Googe attended the common schools of his town and 
county, and graduated from the Johnsonville high school, after which 
he attended the Atlanta Medical College, graduating therefrom with 
1he class of 1890, followed by a post-graduate course in 1902 at Tulane, 
New Orleans, Louisiana. He immediately located in Abbeville, which 
has been the scene of his professional labors throughout the long inter- 
vening years, and where he is known as one of the ablest men in his 
profession today. Dr. George is the official surgeon of the Sea Board 
Air Line and is county physician of Wilcox county. He is a mem- 
ber of the county board of education, and in that capacity has given 
efficient and valued service to the city and county. He is a member of 
the Tri-county Medical Association, which embraces Crisp, Dooly and 
Wilcox counties, and is prominent and active in the welfare and activi- 
ties of that society. 

On Christmas day, in 1892, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. 
Googe and Fannie Lott, the daughter of Jesse and Mary Lott, of Brox- 
ton, Coffee county. Mr. Lott is a merchant and planter of that place, 
and one of the prominent men of his community. The family is one of 
extraordinary prominence in southern Georgia. Mrs. Googe received 
her education in the schools of Coffee county, and finished at the Andrew 
Female College. Seven children were born to Dr. and Mrs. Googe, 
all of whom are living. Annie, aged eighteen, is a student at the 
state normal at Athens ; Crisp, sixteen years old, is a student at home, 
as are also Jessie, aged fourteen, Pitman, twelve years old and Alton 



718 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

aged nine, while Mary, six years old, and Will, a babe of #ne year, 
complete the family. 

Dr. and Mrs. Googe are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and the doctor is a member of the Knights of Pythias, and also a 
Mason, and he is past master and past high priest. 

Arthur Perry Jones. Widely known as manager of the Vidalia 
Commission Company, which is carrying on a large wholesale and 
retail business, dealing in grain, provisions, lime, cement, seeds and 
building material, Arthur Perry Jones is a true type of the energetic and 
enterprising men who are so materially advancing the mercantile inter- 
ests of Vidalia, and of Toombs county. A native of South Carolina, 
his birth occurred at Salkehatchie, Colleton county, May 26, 1878. 

His father, Asbury Morgan Jones, was born and reared in Colleton 
county, South Carolina, and died in Pavo, Georgia, in 1908. He was 
a veteran of the Civil war, in which he rendered good service. He 
subsequently carried on a thriving business as a planter and a merchant 
for many years, in Colleton county, South Carolina, in his operations 
acquiring considerable property. The maiden name of his wife was 
Emeline Dassy Mood, of Charleston, South Carolina. 

Receiving his early education in the town of his birth, Arthur Perry 
Jones completed his studies at the Stanley Business College, in Thomas- 
ville, Georgia. The ensuing year and a half he was employed as a 
telegraph operator, first with the F. C. & P. Railroad Company, now a 
branch of the Seaboard, and later with the Georgia Northern Railway 
Company, at Moultrie, Georgia. Going then to Tifton, Georgia. Mr. 
Jones was associated with the Western Union Telegraph Company for 
four and one-half years. Returning then to Tifton, he was manager of 
the Postal Company there for two years, after which he conducted a 
retail grocery in that city for two and one-half years. Disposing then 
of his store, Mr. Jones was for six months manager of the Postal Com- 
pany at Thomasville, Georgia, after which he was agent for a year 
and a half, at Ashburn, for the Gulf Line Railroad Company. Coming 
from there to Vidalia, Mr. Jones became identified with the Vidalia 
Commission Company, which was incorporated January 1, 1911. as a 
stock company, and of which C. L. Herring is now president, and Mr. 
Jones is the efficient treasurer and general manager. This company 
was capitalized at $6,000, with the privilege of increasing it to $25,000, 
when occasion demanded, and is carrying on a rapidly growing business 
that even now amounts to $35,000 each year. The store occupies a floor 
space of three thousand, six hundred feet, and is well stocked with all 
goods handled by commission brokers, including groceries, grain, hay, 
Hour, lard, hams, lime, cement, building materials, rooting, typewriting 
machines, showcases, and like productions, the business being extensive 
and lucrative. 

On October 16, 1901, Mr. Jones was united in marriage with Allie 
Mae Harman, who was born, March 25, 1882, in Boston. Georgia, but 
was brought up and educated in Dixie, Brooks county, where she lived 
until her marriage. Her father, James Jackson Harman, was born in 
Ringgold, Georgia, April 17, 1855, ami at the age of nine years, during 
the Civil war, accompanied his parents to Boston, whither they fled as 
refugees. On October 15, 1S7S. .Mr. Harman married Sopbronia Groven- 
stein, who was born, March 2'A. 1S57. in Effingham county. Georgia, 
being a granddaughter of William Grovenstein, who was a lineal de- 
scendant of that branch of the Salsberger family that settled near Savan- 
nah, Georgia, in early colonial days. 

Six children have been born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Jones, 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 719 

namely: Agnes Lucile died at the age of twelve months; Asbury Har- 
man, born in 1904; Emily Mae lived but one short year; Martha Perry/ 
born in 1908 ; Alfred Joseph, born in 1910 ; and Margaret Louise, born 
in 1911. Fraternally Mr. Jones is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
Religiously he, his wife, and his son Harman, are members of the Meth- 
odist church. 

Alexander S. McQueen. Energetic, enterprising and progressive, 
A. S. McQueen has acquired prominence in business and political cir- 
cles, being connected with the Citizens Bank of Vidalia, and is now in 
1912, running, without opposition, as candidate for justice of the 
peace in the fifty-first district. A son of the late Philip A. McQueen, 
he was born, October 4, 1889, in that part of Montgomery county, 
Georgia, that is now included within the boundaries of Toombs county. 
Pie is of pioneer stock, his paternal grandparents, Angus and Harriet 
(McMillin) McQueen, having migrated from North Carolina to Geor- 
gia, settling in this state as planters, the grandfather subsequently 
serving in the Confederate army during the Civil war. 

Philip A. McQueen was for many years one of the leading citizens 
of Toombs county. He served as county school commissioner for five 
years, in that position doing much to advance the educational stand- 
ards. In June, 1908, in company with A. F. Sawyer, R. D. McQueen 
established The Toombs County Local, and on January 1, 1909, Mr. 
Philip A. McQueen bought Mr. Sawyer's interest in the paper, of which 
he was subsequently editor and general manager until his death, in 
July, 1911. 

Philip A. McQueen married Minnie R. McLeod, whose father was 
born in Toombs county, about four miles from Vidalia, where his an- 
cestors settled on coming from North Carolina to Georgia. Her father 
served as a soldier in the Civil war, being a member of General Wheeler's 
cavalry. Eight children were born of their union, all of whom are 
living, the five sons being as follows: H. M., assistant cashier of the 
First National Bank of Lyons, Georgia ; R. D. ; A. S., whose name we 
have placed at the head of this sketch ; George D. ; and Archibald A. 

R. D. McQueen was born on the home farm, in Toombs county, July 
8, 1887, and as a boy and youth received excellent educational advan- 
tages. Since the death of his father he has had the entire control of 
the Toombs County Local, a weekly publication issued Thursday of 
each week, and is managing it ably and successfully. He is a young 
man of considerable prominence in the community, and an active mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

A. S. McQueen is a man of fine scholarly attainments, as a pupil in 
the Vidalia high school having won the state and first congressional dis- 
trict medals for the best essays, while at the Vidalia Collegiate Insti- 
tute he was graduated with honors, being valedictorian of his class. 
He has since studied law and is now justice of the peace. He is a 
member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, being now sec- 
retary of the local lodge, and belongs to the Oriental Order of Pilgrim 
Knights. Religiously he is a member of the Presbyterian church of 
Vidalia. 

Gen. William H. Bourne. One of the important industrial en- 
terprises that contribute materially to the commercial prestige of the 
city of Savannah is the Bourne Lumber Company, of which the gentle- 
man whose name inaugurates this paragraph is president. He has for 
many years been one of the aggressive and enterprising business men 
who have aided in the up-building of the city and is especially well en- 



720 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

titled to consideration in this volume. He comes of a prominent southern 
family, both sides of which produced Revolutionary soldiers and splen- 
did citizens in times of peace and he is himself a veteran of the Civil 
war. He has for a long number of years been engaged in lumber manu- 
facturing and in various phases of the lumber business. 

General Bourne was born in Hanover county, Virginia, November 
23, 1844, the son of John H. and Mary A. (McLeod) Bourne. His 
father was born at Hanover Court House, Hanover county, Virginia, 
and came with his family to Georgia in the year 1855. After living a 
short time in Chatham county he located permanently in Effingham 
county, where he established a sawmill, and engaged in lumber manu- 
facturing and as a planter. He was a successful man of affairs, but 
died in comparatively early life, passing away in 1870, at the age of 
fifty-four. He was the son of Claiborne Bourne, who in turn was the 
son of Reuben Bourne, both of Hanover county, Virginia, the latter a 
soldier in the Continental line in the Revolutionary war. 

The subject's mother, born in Richmond, Virginia, was the daugh- 
ter of George W. McLeod, who was the son of Daniel McLeod, a native 
of Edinburgh, Scotland, who came to America from "the land o' cakes" 
and settled in Alexandria, Virginia. The maternal grandmother of the 
subject was Eliza M. (Tinsley) McLeod, daughter of Col. Jack Tinsley, 
of Virginia, who was a soldier in the Revolution. Mrs. John H. Bourne 
was born in 1822 and died in 1881. 

The fact that William H. Bourne was a very young man at the 
outbreak of the Civil war did not prevent his immediate enlistment and 
it was his portion to see some of the hardest service of the great con- 
flict. In 1861, quite at the beginning of hostilities, he enlisted at Savan- 
nah for service in the Confederate army, becoming a member of Com- 
pany H, First Volunteer Regiment of Georgia. Company H was the 
second company of the Oglethorpe Light Infantry, one of Savannah's 
famous and historic military companies. In this service he was first 
engaged at Port Pulaski, going there in October, 1861, and with the 
rest of his company he was captured there on May 11, 1862, and taken 
to Governor's island, New York. Prom there they were transferred to 
Port Delaware, where in August, 1862, the company was exchanged. 
Upon the reorganization of his company in Savannah, Mr. Bourne con- 
tinued with it and spent the summer of 1863 on Morris island, partic- 
ipating in the battle of Battery Wagner. In November, 1863, they 
returned to Savannah for winter quarters and in the latter part of 
April, 1864, they joined Mercer's Brigade in north Georgia. They 
participated in the battle of Lost Mountain, where General Bourne was 
wounded, and also in the battles of Kennesaw, Peach Tree Creek, At- 
lanta, Jonesboro and Lovejoy Station. Mercer's Brigade then went 
with the army that made the expedition into Tennessee, but on account 
of other duties, the forces with which Mr. Bourne's company were en- 
gaged did not engage in the actual fighting at the battle of Franklin. 
They went on to Nashville, but were not engaged in the battle of Nash- 
ville, having been sent to Murphysboro under General Forest. Subse- 
quently they returned to Georgia, and then into the Carolinas, engag- 
ing in the battle of Bentonville, and surrendering with Johnston's army 
at Greensboro, North Carolina, when in the summer of 1865 the war 
ended. General Bourne enlisted with Company II. as stated above, as 
a private and remained with the same throughout the war, having been 
promoted to third sergeant of the company. General Bourne served 
as commander of the South Georgia Brigade. Georgia Division, United 
Confederate Veterans. 

Following the general occupation of his father. General Bourne has 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 721 

practically all his life been associated in one way or another with the 
lumber industry in south Georgia, either as a manufacturer or as a/ 
dealer and he has also engaged extensively in the handling of timber 
lands. He located in Savannah after the war and has ever since resided 
here, witnessing a phenomenal half century of growth and development 
and at the same time contributing to it. He is the president of the 
Bourne Lumber Company, incorporated, whose manufacturing plant 
is located in Liberty county on the Seaboard Air Line Railway, their 
general offices being in Savannah, at 301-302 National Bank building. 
The company are manufacturers and wholesale dealers in long and 
short leaf yellow pine. It also owns the Bourne Brick Manufacturing 
Company, the plant of which is in Chatham county. 

General Bourne was married in Savannah in the year 1869, to Miss 
Julia Backley, whose demise occurred in 1906. This admirable lady 
bore her husband five children, all sons, as follows: Walter L., who is 
secretary and treasurer of the Bourne Lumber Company; Lescoe J., 
vice-president of the same; Vernon C, engaged in the wholesale produce 
business at Brunswick, Georgia ; Oran Tinsley, of the firm of 0. T. 
Bourne & Company (lumber manufacturers) ; and Frank R., who is 
mill superintendent for 0. T. Bourne & Company. The name of Bourne 
is well and favorably known throughout Chatham county, father and 
sons having proved themselves men of exceptionally fine citizenship. 
General Bourne is a member of the session of Westminster Presbyterian 
church. 

Capt. Robert G. Tunno, captain and adjutant in the Savannah Vol- 
unteer Guards, has been connected with that organization since 1891. 
Enlisting as a private in Company B, of that battalion, he served in that 
capacity until 1894, since which time his rise in rank has been gradual, 
but continuous, fie is now captain and adjutant of the entire bat- 
talion, which consists of four companies, — A, B, C, and D. He has 
served with entire satisfaction not only to the battalion, but to the 
state and federal military authorities as well. He has been connected 
with the naval stores industry almost continuously since leaving school. 

Born in Savannah, in 1870, Captain Tunno is a lifelong resident of 
this city. He is the son of Capt. Matthew R. and Isabel C. (King) 
Tunno, both of whom are residents of Savannah. The father was born 
in Charleston, South Carolina, and upon the breaking out of the war 
between the states he entered the Confederate service as a member of 
the Charleston Light Dragoons, as a private. He later left this organiza- 
tion and joined the army of the West, becoming post ordnance officer 
at Columbus, Kentucky, holding this position until the evacuation of 
Columbus in September, 1861. He then became a staff officer with the 
rank of captain, on the staff of General Polk. In August, 1863, he was 
detailed to serve in the ordnance department at Columbus, Missis- 
sippi, continuing in that service until August, 186-4. He then resigned, 
and again joined the Charleston Light Dragoons at Hixford, Virginia, 
remaining in active service with them until the close of the war, at 
which time he was with his command at Hillsboro, North Carolina. In 
1866 Captain Tunno and his brother, Maj. William M. Tunno, who had 
also served with distinction as an officer in the Confederate army, came 
to Savannah and engaged in the banking and cotton business. In late 
years Captain Tunno, the elder, has been retired from active business 
life. The mother of Capt. Robert G. Tunno is a member of a well- 
known old Georgia family, and is a native of Savannah. Members of 
her family gave service to the cause of the Confederacy, among them 
being William C. King, first lieutenant of Company A of the Savannah 



722 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Volunteer Guards Battalion. He was killed at the battle of Sailors 
Creek, Virginia, in the latter part of the war. Another of her relatives, 
Colonel Bayard, was at one time the commander of the battalion. The 
Kings are also related to the Barrington family, which is descended 
from Col. Josiah Barrington of the English army who came to Georgia 
with General Oglethorpe at the time of the settlement of the colony. 

Captain Tunno was reared in Savannah and received his schooling 
in private and public schools of the city and in Porter Academy, Charles- 
ton. He has led a life of military activity since his early manhood, 
enlisting on February 9, 1891, as a private in Company B, of the Sa- 
vannah Guards Battalion (Coast Artillery Corps). February 1. 1900, 
he was promoted to first lieutenant of his company, acting as such until 
March 13, 1904, at which time he was elected captain of Company B. 
He served as such until April 28, 1906, when on account of business, 
he resigned from the captaincy. He at once re-enlisted in Company 
B as a private, and was sergeant and first sergeant of Company B from 
April 30, 1906, to October 5, 1909, when he was elected to his present 
position, — that of captain and adjutant of the entire battalion of four 
companies. His record throughout has been one of admirable efficiency, 
creditable to himself and to a family already distinguished for deeds 
of valor in a military way. 

Col. Cornelius Alex Weddington. That success is often the 
result of youthful enthusiasm and the uncompromising honesty that 
later in life are often battered down in the hard battles men have to 
fight to even hold a footing in the business world, is shown in the life 
of Cornelius Alex Weddington of Dublin, Georgia. Dependent on his 
own efforts for his education, he learned his hard lessons early in life, 
and entered upon his professional life as a lawyer with a knowledge 
of the world that does not come to many men until many years of ex- 
perience have passed. His success as a lawyer, and his recognized ability 
as a public official have been only a just reward of hard and earnest 
work. 

Colonel Weddington was born in Douglas county, Georgia, on the 
11th of November. 1874. He is the son of Charles William Wedding- 
ton and of Virginia L. Weddington, both of whom were born in Douglas 
county. His father was born in 1843, and his mother in 1853. 

The early education of Colonel Weddington was obtained in the 
country school of Douglasville, Georgia, and after he had gained as 
much learning as the school master of the time was able to impart he 
became in turn a school master and until 1894 taught in the country 
schools of his native state. By dint of rigorous saving he was enabled 
to enter the University of Athens, at Athens, Georgia, at this time. He 
was graduated from this institution in 1898. and for a year read law 
with Dorsey Brewster and Howell of Atlanta. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1899. 

Shortly after his admission to the bar, on the 5th of January 1900. 
he came to Dublin, Georgia, and began his practice of the law. His 
ability was speedily recognized and in 1903 he was elected city attor- 
ney, which office he held for a term of two years. In 1911 he was made 
city clerk, his term to expire in July. 1913. His rapid advance in his 
profession may lie accounted for by the fact that he is possessed naturally 
of a keen logical mind and a capacity for hard work, but his speedy 
elevation to office is due to the fact that he has the highest regard for 
his profession and is one of that group of lawyers who are endeavoring 
to lift the stigma of corruption and dishonesty from the bar. 

On the 18th of December. 1901. Colonel Weddington was married 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 723 

to Georgia Smith. His wife is the daughter of J. D. Smith, a man well 
known throughout the state for his activity in state affairs. Three' 
children have been born to them. Virginia was born on the 27th of 
October, 1902, Gladys on September 15, 1907, and the youngest, a son, 
C. A. Jr., on the 15th of December. 1900. All of the children were born 
in Dublin. Mrs. Weddington received her education in the schools of 
Dublin and finished at the seminary at La Grange, Georgia. 

Colonel Weddington is very prominent in the various fraternal or- 
ganizations of which he is a member. He is a Mason, being a member 
of Olivet Commandery of Knights Templars, No. 27, and is a Noble of 
the Mystic Shrine, belonging to Al Sihah Temple of Macon, Georgia. 
In the Knights of Pythias Colonel Weddington holds the office of Past 
Chancellor, in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows he is a Past Grand 
and also Past Exalted Ruler of Dublin lodge 1163 of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. These various offices are the strongest 
evidence of Colonel Weddington 's fine qualities as a man among men. 

Nicholas Peter Corish, a native born resident of Savannah and 
clerk of the city council since 1907, is the son of Richard and Ellen 
(Stafford) Corish, both natives of County Wexford, Ireland, born there 
in the year 1829, who came to the United States in their early years. 

With the breaking out of the war between the states, Richard Corish 
promptly enlisted at Savannah in the Irish Jasper Greens, and for the 
first few months of the war was stationed at Fort Pulaski, near Savan- 
nah. The Irish Jasper Greens were a part of the First Volunteer Regi- 
ment of Georgia and were a notable company of brave and efficient 
soldiers. Later in the course of the war Mr. Corish was captured and 
confined as a prisoner of war at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he 
underwent severe hardships and almost suffered starvation, his sole food 
for a long time consisting of nothing more than raw Irish potatoes. 
As a result of the intense suffering caused by the unhealthful condi- 
tions of the prison and the continued starvation rations, Mr. Corish was 
stricken with paralysis within a few years after the close of the war. 
Following the return of peace he had been successfully engaged in the 
tailoring business in Savannah, but his illness caused the discontinu- 
ance of the family income, and for a time the condition of the family 
was most serious. Mr. Corish died January 3, 1903, after a long and 
lingering illness, during which time his patient and courageous wife 
succeeded in rearing their children to years of usefulness and maintained 
the home comfortably and happily. She died January 2-1, 1910, after 
a long and useful life. 

The son, Nicholas Peter, who was born in the year 1869, was educated 
in the primary schools of Savannah. His first position as a wage earner 
was as a messenger for the Western Union Telegraph Company in 
Savannah, and after a few years, when he had gained in knowledge 
and wisdom, he became identified with the real estate business and was 
thus occupied for a number of years. In January, 1907, Mr. Corish 
was elected to the office of clerk of the city council, coming into the 
office with the administration of George W. Tiedeman, mayor. He was 
re-elected in January, 1909, and again succeeded himself in the office 
in January, 1911. Mr. Corish carried on the duties of his office with 
conspicuous efficiency and his management of this important depart- 
ment of the municipal government has met with the endorsement of all 
classes, as was loudly attested by his third consecutive election to the 
office. 

Mr. Corish enlisted as a private in his father's old company, the 

Irish Jasper Greens, and after serving for some time as a private was 
vol. n— 13 



724 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

promoted from the ranks to the position of quarter-master-sergeant of 
the First Regiment of Infantry, National Guard of Georgia, under 
Colonel Mercer. He is a member of the Catholic church and is affil- 
iated with the local lodge of the Knights of Columbus, of which he 
was financial secretary for a number of years. In the fall of 1911 Mr. 
Corish was elected president of the South Atlantic League of base ball 
clubs, composed of six teams, including Savannah. 

Mr. Corish married Miss Mary Ellen Reynolds, daughter of Judge 
Samuel Reynolds on January 21, 1896, who was born and reared in 
Savannah, and they are the parents of six children: Eleanor Lucile; 
Mary Josepha ; Julian Francis ; Nicholas Peter, Jr. ; Gertrude Rey- 
nolds and John Herbert, Julian Francis and Nicholas Peter, Jr., are 
twins. 

Robert H. Knox. Among the many progressive men who are mak- 
ing the city of Savannah, Georgia, a modern and up-to-date business 
center Robert H. Knox holds a prominent place. He belongs to that 
latest type of business men which believes a man should interest him- 
self in affairs other than those pertaining to his own business in order 
to broaden his outlook and fit him for whatever responsibilities it may 
fall to his lot to shoulder. Therefore Mr. Knox has always taken a 
keen interest in politics, and before coming to Savannah was mayor of 
Darien, Georgia. His ability as a business man is unquestioned for he 
has attained his present high position by slow degrees, achieving success 
not through the fortunes of environment and good luck but by hard 
and conscientious work. 

He is a prominent figure in the social world ; is a member of the 
Oglethorpe Club of Savannah, the Savannah Yacht Club, and St. An- 
drews Society. 

For a. number of years Mr. Knox was prominently connected with 
the military organizations of the state. He was captain of the Mc- 
intosh Light Dragoons, which afterward became Troop "G, " one of 
the companies of the First Regiment of Cavalry. Resigning this cap- 
taincy he became a member of the staff of Gov. W. Y. Atkinson, and 
was also on the staff of Gov. A. D. Candler. He is now on the retired 
list, holding the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

Fraternally Mr. Knox confines his interests to that oldest of orders, 
the Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, being an affiliated past mas- 
ter of Solomon's Lodge, No. 1, the oldest Masonic lodge in the state. 

Robert H. Knox was born in Savannah in 1862 while his mother was 
living temporarily in this city. His parents were Walter and Ellen 
(Hilton) Knox. His father was born in Charles county, Maryland, 
where his family had lived for several generations. His mother was 
born in England and came with her parents to Georgia in 1S52. In 
1817 his father came to Georgia, and located in Wilkes county. Subse- 
quent to this move the family lived for a time in Houston and Talbot 
counties in Georgia. 

Robert H. Knox lived in the central part of Georgia until he was 
fourteen years of age when his parents moved to the southern part of 
the state and settled in Darien, Mcintosh county. 

On April 21, 1892, he married Miss Eloise M. Bennett, who was 
born in Walterboro, South Carolina. They have five children, namely : 
Eloise Bennett, Valencia Fraysse, Ellen Hilton. Robert Hilton and 
Janet Elizabeth. 

Mr. Knox became connected with the lumber business of Hilton and 
Foster at the age of fifteen, and since that time has been associated 
more or less prominently with the lumber industries of the state. The 





^Z^^t? 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 725 

Hilton sawmill business was originally started at Darien before the 
war, having been founded by Mr. Knox's grandfather, Thomas Hilton, 
who took into partnership his two sons, Thomas and Joseph Hilton, 
under the firm name of Thomas Hilton & Sons. 

After the war when Thomas Hilton, Sr., retired from the business 
James L. Foster entered the firm which then became known as Hilton 
& Poster. Subsequently the business of this firm and that of Hilton, 
Foster & Gilson, and also that of R. Lachlison & Son, were merged into 
the Hilton Timber and Lumber Company. The new company then 
owned and operated four lumber mills. 

In 1889 the lumber business of Norman W. Dodge, who owned two 
mills on St. Simon's island, was consolidated with the Hilton inter- 
ests, and the corporation then became known as Hilton & Dodge Lumber 
Company. At the same time a mill owned by Hilton & Foster on 
the Satilla river was taken in. Later the Altamaha mills near Bruns- 
wick were bought. 

In 1901 the Hilton & Dodge Lumber Company purchased the mill 
of the Vale Royal Manufacturing Company in Savannah, and in 1906 
came into control of the Mill Haven Company. In addition to these 
two mills the company at that time owned and operated four other 
plants, namely : a large band mill at Belfast, Georgia ; a mill at Darien ; 
one near Brunswick, and another on the Satilla river. The general 
headquarters of the company have been in Savannah since 1905, at 
which time Mr. Knox moved to Savannah. 

In the fall of 1911 all of the interests of the company were con- 
solidated with the Paschall and Gresham interests under the name of 
The Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company with a capital stock of $7,500,000. 
A large amount of capital was added for the purpose of enlarging the 
business and for carrying on more extensively such subsidiary enter- 
prises as the handling of timber lands, agricultural lands, general mer- 
chandise, machinery and live stock. 

The Hilton-Dodge Lumber Company, of which Robert H. Knox 
became president, is one of the largest lumber concerns in the South. 
It has seven large sawmills in Georgia and South Carolina and branch 
offices in New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, Portland, Maine, and 
Richmond, Virginia. It has agencies in Atlanta and New Haven, Con- 
necticut. Also in Liverpool, Hamburg. Rotterdam, Antwerp, and Spain, 
covering eastern Europe, to which it does a large export business. It 
is now engaged in building a transportation line consisting of a powerful 
sea-going towboat and eight sea-going barges of large capacity. The 
tug is one of the largest on the Atlantic coast. 

In addition to his connection with the Hilton-Dodge Lumber Com- 
pany, Mr. Knox is president of the Savannah Timber Company, and 
is one of the directors of the Savannah Bank and Trust Company. He 
is also president of the Pulaski Realty Company, owning the Pulaski 
House property, and is largely interested in other real esate in 
Savannah. 

George B. Davis. Let the man who is discouraged or feels that 
things are going hard with him and that luck is against him listen to the 
story of courage and steadfast determination as revealed in the life of 
George B. Davis, at present one of the ablest attorneys in Dublin, Geor- 
gia, and county solicitor. The same determination to succeed which 
showed itself in so marked a degree in his efforts to obtain an educa- 
tion, has been one of the characteristic elements in his success in the 
legal profession. Gifted with the power of clear and logical reasoning, 
and spendthrift as to the time and energy which he expends in working 



726 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

up a case to his satisfaction, his success has not been a surprise to those 
who know him best. He has been in practice in Dublin for only eight 
years and this is scarcely long enough to judge a man, but according to 
all who know him and particularly according to his brother lawyers, 
he is a man from whom great things are to be expected, not only in his 
own profession but in the political field. 

George B. Davis was born in Montgomery county, Georgia, on the 
19th day of March, 1881, his parents being Isham J. and Delilah Davis. 
His father was born in 1841 in Montgomery county and his mother was 
a native of Laurens county, Georgia. His father was a veteran of 
the Civil war, having served in Company F of the Forty-eighth Georgia 
Regiment throughout the whole of the war. He was not a wealthy man 
and was unable to give his son much of an education, partly on account 
of his poverty and party because of the scarcity of good schools in this 
section during the years when the lad was growing up. However, 
George Davis had made up his mind that he would become a lawyer, 
and when his mind has once been made up to a thing nothing less than 
a stick of dynamite would turn him from his purpose. Undaunted, 
therefore, by the discouragement he met from his family, he determined 
to consult a man whom he considered an authority, and coming to 
Savannah, Georgia, unfolded his plan to Donald Clark, only to be 
laughed at for his pains. Mr. Clark told him he could do nothing with- 
out an education and that the best thing for him to do was to go back 
to the woods and spend the rest of his life cutting trees and boxing them 
for turpentine. Indignant at the way his confidence had been received 
he turned away, saying nothing but making up his mind then and 
there that he would succeed in spite of everything. He therefore stopped 
on his way home and purchased a Blackstone and returned to the farm, 
apparently carrying out Mr. Clark's advice, for he set to work cutting 
trees the next day. At night after his work was done, however, he 
spent many a weary hour poring over his law books and by 1903. when 
he was twenty-two years of age, he had saved up enough money to enter 
Mercer University, at Macon, Georgia. That he had prepared himself 
very thoroughly and that he was a really brilliant student, is shown 
by the fact that he was graduated from this institution in a year. He 
was admitted to the bar on the 9th of June, 190-1, and commenced prac- 
tice on the 1st of September, 1904, locating at Dublin, Georgia, where 
he opened an office. His sole capital for this venture was a dollar and 
a half in cash and one shirt and two collars. He did not starve before 
he had his first client but he was not far from it. After the struggle of 
the first few months his ability began to be commented upon and he was 
presently on the high road to success, he being employed in and con- 
ducting some of the most important cases, criminal and civil, in that 
section of the state. He practiced until 1910, when he determined to 
enter the political field, and as a candidate for county solicitor con- 
ducted a personal campaign such as had not been seen in years, so ener- 
getic and earnest was the young politician. He won the coveted honor 
and is serving at present, his term expiring in 1914. 

Mr. Davis is keenly interested in fraternal orders, believing that 
they are enabled to accomplish a great deal of good. He is a member 
of the Masonic order, belonging to the blue lodge and to the Eastern 
Star. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Wood- 
men of the World. He is also a member of the Baptist church. When 
we consider that Mr, Davis is of Welsh and Scotch-Irish descent, we 
can easier understand some of the strong points of his character, for the 
Scotch-Irish who settled in the "up-country" of the South Atlantic 
states, were the very bone and sinew of the country. Much of his per- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 727 

soual popularity is due to his open-hearted generosity, for every one 
is "kin" to him and he clings to the old southern ideals of hospitality. 
He is of the same family as the Calhouns and the Wests, who came to 
this country with Oglethorpe and located in the Carolinas in the early 
days. They have played an important part in the history of the section 
from colonial days down to the present. 

In 1905, on the 29th of November, Mr. Davis was married to Anna 
Lizzie Bynum, a daughter of John L. Bynum, a prominent citizen of 
Columbia county, Georgia, well known there in business, as well as in 
other lines of endeavor. Mrs. Davis is a graduate of La Grange Female 
College at La Grange, Georgia. One daughter and one son have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, Elizabeth and George Bynum by name, 
and their births occurred in Dublin in 1906 and 1912, respectively. 

G. L. Johnson, general manager of the A. O. Johnson & Company, 
general mercantile establishment, Vidalia, Georgia, ranks with the rep- 
resentative citizens of the town. 

Mr. Johnson is a native of Georgia. He was born on a farm in 
Manuel county, September 18, 1876, son of Emanual and Hattie 
(Oglesby) Johnson, and one of a family of nine children, all living 
except one. His father still maintains his home at the old farm in 
Emanuel county. Here G. L. Johnson passed the first twenty years of 
his life. When he left home to make his own way in the world, he 
found employment at Millian, Georgia, in the general merchandise store 
of T. Z. Daniels, where he rilled a clerkship for eighteen months. The 
next eighteen months he was employed in the same capacity by V. L. 
Bourke, of that place, and then, having clerked for three years, he 
decided to engage in business on his own account, which he did at Butts, 
Georgia, and he was in business there five years. His next move was to 
Vidalia. Here he took charge of the A. 0. Johnson & Company general 
merchandise store, which was organized in 1907, and which has since 
conducted a prosperous business. 

Mr. Johnson has been twice married. By his first wife, who was 
Miss Roxie Gay, and whom he married March 8. 1900, he has one child, 
George Walton. This wife having died, he married Miss Marie Hall, 
a daughter of L. Hall, a native of this state. The only child by this 
wife died in infancy. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Johnson are members of the Baptist church. He 
has lodge membership in both the I. O. 0. F. and the K. of P. 

Foy 0. Powell, who is associated with John L. Sneed in the real 
estate and insurance business at Vidalia, Georgia, is one of the promi- 
nent and popular young men in both the social and business circles of 
the town, where he has resided since December 1, 1909. 

Mr. Powell is a native of Alabama. He was born at Eufaula, January 
4, 1883, son of F. R. and Carrie May (Dudley) Powell, the former a 
native of North Carolina and the latter of South Carolina. At Eufaula, 
Alabama, and at Clayton, Alabama, he received his education, being a 
graduate of the Clayton schools, with the class of 1903. Following 
his graduation he was for four years in the employ of his uncle, a furni- 
ture dealer at Eufaula. The next three years he was in the fire insurance 
business, for himself, and then he came from Eufaula to Vidalia and 
associated himself with Mr. Sneed, his present partner, with whom 
he is successfully engaged in the real estate, loan and insurance 
business. 

Mr. Powell is a Knight of Pythias and a Methodist, and, like his 
partner, he is as yet unmarried. 



728 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

John L. Sneed. Vidalia, Georgia, includes among its enterprising, 
progressive element, a real estate and insurance firm whose members, 
John L. Sneed and Foy 0. Powell, rank high as leading, up-to-date 
young men, prominent and active in business affairs and popular in the 
social circles of the town. 

While Mr. Powell, as already stated in a personal mention of him 
on another page of this work, is a native of Georgia, Mr. Sneed hails 
from Virginia. It was at Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1879, that John L. 
Sneed was born, one of a family of ten children, all still living, of J. 
L. and Josephine A. (Moore) Sneed, both natives of the "Old Domin- 
ion." He received his education in the Virginia Military Institute 
and at the George Washington University, Washington, D. C, of which 
latter institution he is a graduate with the class of 1898, and he is a 
member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity. After his graduation he was 
employed in the engineering department of the Chesapeake & Ohio Rail- 
road, and by the government as sanitary engineer, later, also, as engi- 
neer on the Norfolk-Southern, the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio, and 
the Georgia & Florida railroads. Deciding to settle down and establish 
himself in business, he took up his residence at Vidalia in the early 
part of 1910, and has since been identified with the interests of this 
place. With Mr. Powell he engaged in a general real estate, loan, and 
fire insurance business, placing loans for eastern capitalists and dealing 
in real estate both here and elsewhere, at this writing handling Florida 
lands. Also he is interested in the Vidalia Furniture Company, of 
which J. C. May is manager. 

As showing his popularity, the second year of his residence in 
Vidalia, Mr. Sneed was elected to represent the First ward in the city 
council for a term of two years. Also he is a director in the Bonded 
Cotton Warehouse. 

In Masonry Mr. Sneed has advanced to the higher degrees, including 
those of the Mystic Shrine, and his religious faith is that of the Epis- 
copal church. He is unmarried. 

Robert Young Beckham, business manager of the Courier-Herald 
Publishing Co., has been identified with the printing business all his 
life. He began at the bottom of the ladder and has made steady prog- 
ress in practical printing, until he is now filling a position of some 
importance in the business in this city. The Laurens County Herald 
was the recognized official organ of legal business for Laurens county 
and was so appointed on April 1, 1910, which, according to law, was the 
earliest possible date the company might assume that position after its 
organization. 

Mr. Beckham was born July 30. 18S0, in Zebulon. Pike county. Geor- 
gia, and is the son of R. Y. Beckham. Sr.. and Laura Jordan. The 
father was a native son of Pike county and the mother was reared in 
Monroe county. The senior Beckham was clerk of the superior court 
of Pike county for twelve years, although his regular vocation is that 
of a fanner. The son, Robert Y. Jr.. was reared on the home farm and 
educated in the Pike county common schools, after which he pursued 
a course of study at Jeff Davis Institute at Zebulon. In that place he 
entered a print shop and gave himself over to the careful study of the 
business, from the minor details up to the highest post in a newspaper 
office. He learned the multifarious intricacies of job printing as well 
as the successful conduct of a newspaper, and his thorough training 
made it possible for him to assume the complete charge of the establish- 
ment with which he is now connected. After learning the trade in 
Zebulon Mr. Beckham went to Atlanta where he was employed by the 




j££^^ 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 729 

Mutual Printing- Company ; he then came to Dublin and for two years 
was with the Mason & Patillo Company and together with them or- 
ganized the Dublin Printing Company, which at that time published 
the Dublin Times, a semi-weekly paper, which was sold to A. P. Hilton 
in October, 1907. Mr. Beckham was thereafter associated for one year 
with the Courier-Dispatch as advertising manager, after which he pur- 
chased the Cordele Dispatch. He conducted that paper for a period of 
eight months, then disposed of it to E. T. Pound, his partner in the busi- 
ness, and went to Sandersville, where he purchased the Sandersville 
Herald. After a brief period of three or four months, he then purchased 
the Tennille Tribune, which he combined with the Hi raid. Later the 
Heralel-Tribunc and the Sandersville Progress were combined, and in 
that combination Mr. Beckham still retains an interest. It was on July 
6, 1910, that Mr. Beckham became connected with the Dublin Printing 
Company. The Laurens County Herald was one of the popular and 
progressive papers of the county with a bona fide circulation of about 
2,500 copies. They did an extensive job printing business, having a 
plant fully equipped with all that goes to make up a modern and com- 
plete job-printing establishment, and which enabled them to make a 
strong bid for the business of the district in their particular line. 

About March 15, 1913, the Dublin Printing Company and the 
Courier-Dispatch consolidated their interests under the corporation 
name of the Courier-Herald, for the purpose of issuing a daily news- 
paper, known as the Courier-Herald, this being the only newspaper pub- 
lished in Laurens county. Mr. Beckham is now business manager of 
the Courier-Herald Publishing Company, which, besides publishing a 
daily and weekly newspaper, also operates one of the largest printing 
plants in this entire section of the state, the company being capitalized 
at $30,000. 

Mr. Beckham was married on January 2, 1909, to Miss D'Nena 
Bridger, the daughter of Dr. Bridger, a well-known practicing physician 
of Perry, Houston county, Georgia. Two children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Beckham : Robert Young, Jr., born September 17, 1909, 
and Willa Dixie, born May 27, 1911. 

The family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. 
Beckham is a member of the board of stewards of that church. 

James Rusk Grant. An eminently useful and highly esteemed citi- 
zen of Hazlehurst, Jeff Davis county, James Rusk Grant is an able rep- 
resentative of the legal fraternity, as a lawyer meeting with pronounced 
success. A native of Georgia, he was born, March 30, 1876, in Clarkes- 
ville, Habersham county, a son of W. D. and Samantha J. (Holland) 
Grant, natives of South Carolina, and now residents of Clarkesville. 
Georgia. His father served throughout the Civil war as a private in the 
Twenty-fourth Georgia regiment, taking part in many engagements. 

Receiving his preliminary education in Clarkesville, James Rusk 
Grant subsequently continued his studies one term at Clemson College, 
South Carolina. Beginning then to read law in his native town with 
Hon. J. C. Edwards, he applied himself diligently to his studies, making 
such progress that in March, 1898, he was admitted to the bar by Judge 
J. J. Kimsey, passing a good examination. After practicing his profes- 
sion a short time in Clarkesville, Mr. Grant opened a law office at Clay- 
ton, Georgia, where he remained ten years, building up an excellent 
practice. In January, 1909, Mr. Grant located at Hazlehurst, and is 
here meeting with equally as good fortune, his legal skill and ability 
being recognized, and that it is appreciated is shown by his large and 
lucrative clientele. He has a large general practice, and has served 



730 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

as solicitor in both the county court and the city court. During the 
Spanish-American war, Mr. Grant served as a soldier in Company G, 
Second Georgia Volunteer Infantry. Active and public-spirited", he 
takes great interest in the affairs of town, county and state, and is ever 
willing to support all enterprises and projects for the benefit of the 
public. 

Mr. Grant married, February 10, 1901, Mary T. Reynolds, a daughter 
of John A. Reynolds; editor of the Clayton Tribune. Her mother, whose 
maiden name was Jane Jackson, is a daughter of Rev. Jasper C. Jack- 
son, a noted mountain missionary Baptist preacher, who served in the 
Confederate army during the Civil war. Four children have blessed 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Grant, namely: Ellen, Willie J., Jesse, and 
James Rusk, Jr., a bright little fellow, born in 1910. 

Peter S. Hagan. Noteworthy among the valued and esteemed resi- 
dents of Lyons is Peter S. Hagan. a man of intelligence and ability, 
now serving as clerk of the superior court. A native of Bulloch 
county, Georgia, he was born near Statesboro. July 6. 1863. 

His father, M. F. Hagan married Elizabeth Sheffield, a daughter 
of Simeon and Keziah (Cone) Sheffield, who came from North Carolina 
to Georgia, locating in Bulloch county. Ten children were horn of their 
union, as follows : W. L., engaged in agricultural pursuits in Bul- 
loch county; J. F., a planter; J. S., a planter; Mary, who died, aged 
about sixty years, was the wife of the late T. J. Knight, of Bulloch 
county ; Laura, died, aged about eighteen years ; Margaret, who mar- 
ried first W. B. Williams, and after his death became the wife of H. F. 
Simmons, a dentist, in Brooklet, Bulloch county ; Ella, wife of J. C. 
Ludlam, of Bulloch county ; Lucia V., wife of A. J. Proctor, a planter 
in Stilson, Bulloch county ; Effie, wife of M. R. Smith, also a planter 
in Bulloch county; and Peter S. 

Living on the home farm until attaining his majority, Peter S. 
Hagan obtained his education in the public schools, iu the meantime 
acquiring a practical knowledge of agriculture. On leaving home, he 
followed his trade of a carpenter for five years, being employed in Bul- 
loch and Tattnall counties. Locating then in Montgomery, now Toombs 
county, he was for five years bookkeeper for Holmes & Ludlam. turpen- 
tine producers, and during the ensuing twelve years was engaged in 
mercantile pursuits at Vidalia, Georgia. Mr. Hagan was afterwards 
salesman for three years in the mercantile establishment of T. G. Poe. 
In August, 1910, he was elected to his present position as clerk of the 
superior court, an office which he filled so satisfactorily that he was 
urged to become a candidate for a second term. 

Mr. Hagan married, in 1893. Mary P. Holmes, a daughter of B. P. 
and Laura (Ludlam) Holmes, natives of Horry county. South Carolina. 
Mrs. Hagan died in September, 1904, leaving four children, namely: 
Lottie, born in 1896; Annie Laura, born in 1898; Lila, bora in 1900; and 
Lucille, born in 1901. Fraternally Mr. Hagan is a member of Vidalia 
Lodge, No. 330, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Vidalia. which 
he joined in 1893, and of which he was for five years the secretary ; 
and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He attends the Baptist 
church, and is a liberal contributor towards its support. 

Col. Thomas J. Parrisii. An able and influential member of the 
liar. Col. Thomas J. Parrish has won prestige as a lawyer, his broad 
and comprehensive knowledge of law and of precedents bringing him 
well merited success. A native son of Georgia, he was born on a farm 
in Emanuel county, near Summit, and was there a resident until twenty- 
two years old. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 731 

Receiving his elementary education in the public schools of Emanuel 
county, Thomas J. Parrish continued his studies at the Agricultural 
College of the University of Georgia, in Dahlonega. He afterwards 
taught school two years, during which time he read law. Going then 
to Swainsboro, Emanuel county, he entered the office of F. H. Saffold, 
with whom he studied law until admitted to the bar. under state exami- 
nation, in March, 1899. Mr. Parrish at once began the practice of his 
profession in Swainsboro, remaining there until 1905. In that year, at 
the organization of Toombs county, Mr. Parrish located at Lyons, the 
county seat, and has here built up an extensive and highly remunerative 
practice, being one of the leading lawyers of the city, and attorney for 
the Seaboard Air Line Railroad Company. He is active and promi- 
nent in public matters, and for two years served as mayor of Lyons, 
giving to the city a clean administration. Fraternally he is a member 
of Toombs Lodge, No. 195, Knights of Pythias, and a past councillor. 
He is an official member of the Methodist church, which he is serving 
as steward. 

Mr. Parrish married Miss Berta Barnes, of Dawson, Georgia. She 
passed to the higher life, in December, 1907, leaving one child, Thomas 
J. Parrish, Jr. 

Mr. Parrish 's father, James M. Parrish, was born in Bulloch county, 
Georgia, while Ins wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Dixon, was born 
in "Warren county. Georgia, where during the Civil war her father en- 
listed for service in the Confederate army. 

Morgan H. Cleveland. A public-spirited and esteemed resident of 
Hazlehurst, Morgan H. Cleveland has for many years been actively 
associated with the development of the industrial and agricultural inter- 
ests of Jeff Davis county, and he rendered excellent service as city 
clerk at Hazlehurst for five months filling an unexpired term. A son of 
James Monroe Cleveland, he was born, May 22. 1856, on a farm in 
Stewart county, Georgia, near Lumpkin, coming from patriotic ancestry, 
his paternal grandfather, Benjamin Cleveland, having served in the 
Revolutionary war under Gen. Moses Cleveland, being major of his 
company. 

James Monroe Cleveland was born in Franklin county, Georgia, 
where he grew to manhood. In his earlier life he participated in sev- 
eral engagements with the Indians, and in 1838 assisted in removing 
them from Georgia to a place beyond the Mississippi known as Indian 
Territory. He subsequently served in the Civil war, being commis- 
sioned as sergeant in a Georgia regiment of troops. He married Cath- 
erine Wright, a native of South Carolina, and they became the parents 
of several stalwart sons, as follows : Benjamin, Cromwell, Thomas, 
AVilliam, John, Ulisas, Joseph, Frank and the subject. Besides there 
were two daughters, Sultina and Eldora. 

Brought up on the home farm, Morgan H. Cleveland was an ambi- 
tious student in his boyhood days, and after leaving the common schools 
of his native district he attended the State Normal school, in Athens, 
Georgia. Entering then upon a professional career, he taught school 
for eight years, being employed not only in Stewart county, but in 
Brown and Pulaski counties, as an educator being successful and popu- 
lar. He has since been an active factor in advancing the agricultural 
prosperity of Jeff Davis county, owning and supervising an estate, which 
in its appointments and improvements compares favorably with any 
in the neighborhood. 

Fraternallv Mr. Cleveland is a member of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons: and religiously he and the family belong to 



732 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

the Missionary Baptist church. In 1899, Mr. Cleveland married Mrs. 
Rahabtuten, of Emanuel county. 

John Goldwire McCall, LL. D. A man of broad culture and high 
mental attainments, John Goldwire McCall, LL. D., of Quitman, is a fine 
representative of the legal fraternity of Brooks county, and a credit to 
the profession which, he has followed so many years, and with such dis- 
tinguished success. A son of Francis S. McCall, he was born, January 
18, 1836, in Screven county, Georgia. He is of Scotch ancestry, his 
great grandfather on the paternal side having emigrated from Scotland 
to America in early colonial days, settling, it is probable in the South, 
though very little is known of his subsequent history. 

Rev. William McCall, father of Francis S. McCall, was a preacher 
in the Missionary Baptist church, and was also a planter of note, carry- 
ing on his agricultural labor with the help of slaves. He lived to a ripe 
old age, spending the later days of his long and useful life in Screven 
county. His wife, whose maiden name Avas Mary Pierce, survived him 
a few years. They reared eight children, as follows : George. Moses, 
Charles, Joshua, John, James, Francis S., and Laura. 

A few years after his marriage, Francis S. McCall removed from 
Screven county, the place of his birth, to Telfair county, where he took 
up land, and was for a few years engaged in agricultural labors. Sell- 
ing his plantation in 1845, he removed to Lowndes county, and there 
purchased a tract of land that is now included within the boundaries 
of Brooks county, it being situated nine miles south of the present site 
of Quitman. The family journeyed from one county to the other by 
private conveyances, the household goods having been transported in 
carts drawn by oxen or horses. At that time all of southern Georgia 
.was but sparselv populated, while deer, bear, wild turkeys, and other 
game was plentiful, furnishing the new-ccmers with an ample supply 
of food. Clearing a space, he erected a house from timber which was 
first hewed ten inches square, and then split with a whip saw that was 
operated by two of his slaves, one standing on top of the timber and 
the other below. Railroads, and telegraph and telephone lines were then 
unknown, and Tallahassee, seventy-five miles away, and Saint Marks. 
eighty-five miles distant, were the nearest markets and depots for sup- 
plies. The cotton and other surplus productions of the land had to be 
taken by team to one of these points, the teamster on his return trip 
bringing back a load of household supplies. All the sugar used was 
made at home, and in the smithy which stood upon the plantation a slave 
made all the plows, wagons and agricultural implements needed for use 
in carrying on the place, in the meantime tanning all the leather tised 
for harnesses and shoes. The shoes, however, for the entire family, and 
for the slaves as well, were made by the typical cobbler of those early 
days, an Irishman who made the rounds of the new settlement each year. 
On the farm which he cleared and improved. Francis. S. McCall spent 
the remainder of his life, passing away in 1S76. at the age of sixty-six 
years. 

Francis S. McCall married Ann Dobson. ^he was born in Beaufort. 
South Carolina, where her father, an extensive and wealthy planter. 
was a lifelong resident. She died in 1901. aged eighty-five years. Thir- 
teen children were born into their household, as follows: John Gold- 
wire. .Tames IT., Rebecca. Jane. Wilson C. Mary. Elvira. Clementine, 
Joshua R.. Richard M.. Thomas B.. Harry J., and Adda. 

John Goldwire McCall received good educational advantages, in 18 — . 
being graduated from the Union University, in Murfreeshoro. Tennes- 
see. A few months later he was made professor of Greek and Hebrew 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 733 

in that same institution, and was successfully filling that chair when, 
war between the states was declared. Immediately offering his services 
to the Confederacy, Mr. McCall was commissioned first lieutenant of 
Company K, Fiftieth Georgia Volunteer Infantry, and with his regiment 
joined the Army of the Potomac in Virginia, having command of his 
company until he was wounded. Immediately after the engagement 
at Sharpsburg, he was given charge of a section of artillery and of three 
companies of infantry that were guarding a bridge across Antietam 
creek, and while on duty he was severely wounded by a minnie ball 
passing through his face. He was immediately taken to the hospital 
for treatment, and during his convalescence he was elected ordinary of 
Brooks county, Georgia. 

Being disabled for further service in the army, Mr. McCall returned 
to his native state to accept the position to which he had been chosen, 
and for four years filled the office acceptably to all concerned. While 
thus employed he studied law, and having been admitted to the bar 
located in Quitman as a lawyer, and has been in active practice here 
since, with the exception of four years when he was judge of the city 
court. Mr. McCall has been influential in public affairs, the people hav- 
ing great confidence in his ability, judgment and discretion. He has 
served as judge of probate for Brooks county, and as mayor of Quitman, 
administering the affairs of each office wisely and well. He is president 
of the board of trustees of Mercer University, which in 1894, conferred 
upon him the degree of LL. D. 

Dr. McCall married, in 1867, Rosa Elizabeth Bobo, who was born in 
Glenville, Alabama, a daughter of Dr. Virgil and Sarah Hanson (Black) 
Bobo. She is a sister of Hon. Edward J. Black, and an aunt of Hon. 
George R. Black, members of congress. Dr. and Mrs. McCall are the 
parents of five children, namely : Rosa Lee, Rachel Black, Nonnie Bobo, 
John F. and Edna Florida. 

Rosa Lee married John 0. Lewis and has five children, Rosa Hunt, 
Minnie Cleborn, John 0., Frank McCall and Virgil Bobo. Rachel Black, 
wife of Charles F. Cater, has one child, John McCall Cater. Nonnie 
B. is living with her parents. Edna F., wife of Albert L. Tidwell, has 
two children, Rose Elizabeth and Edna McCall. Dr. and Mrs. McCall 
and their family are members of the Missionary Baptist church. In 
politics the judge is a stanch adherent of the Democratic party. 

John Azariah Mewborn. It is always pleasant and profitable to 
contemplate the career of a man who has made a success of life and 
won the honor and respect of his fellow citizens. Such is the record 
of the well-known gentleman whose name heads this sketch, than whom 
a more whole-souled or popular man it would be difficult to find within 
the limits of the county which is his home. John Azariah Mewborn 
is not a man who has exclusively confined his life to one line of endeavor. 
He was in educational work for twenty years, and after finishing his 
term as a director of the "young idea" he engaged for a short time 
in the mercantile business. He then first engaged in his present work, 
insurance, and has been successful as a representative of important 
companies in the line of life and fire insurance, casualty and loans. 

Mr. Mewborn is a native Georgian. His birth having occurred in 
Gwinnett county, on a farm in the vicinity of Laurenville, the date of 
his nativity being July 15, 1859. The reverberations of the guns of 
the Civil war echoed about his cradle and many of his relatives par- 
ticipated in the great conflict between the states, his father losing his 
life on the field of battle, whence he had bravely gone forth in defense 
of the cause in which he believed. The subject remained upon the 



73-t SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

paternal homestead until about the age of twenty-four years. He 
drank of the '"Pierian Spring" in the common schools of his district 
and then entered Gainesville College, from which institution he was 
graduated in 1888 with the well-earned degree of bachelor of arts. 
Thereafter he engaged in school teaching, in the state, and as previously 
mentioned, his pedagogical work extended over a period of a score 
of years and was of the most enlightened and satisfactory character. 
He continued in the mercantile business only for two years and then 
became representative at Rochelle, whither he had removed in the 
year 1908, for the Pennsylvania Mutual Life Insurance Company and 
proving exceedingly successful in this field, he added the general agency 
for fire insurance, casualty and loans, the latter addition being in the 
same year. He also handles real estate, and has located several families 
from other states. 

Mr. Mewborn is the son of Archibald Marion and Cynthia I. (Noel) 
Mewborn, the former a native of Elbert county, Georgia, and the mother 
of Gwinnett. His maternal forebears were natives of Virginia and of 
Irish origin and the father's ancestry was English. The father enlisted 
at the time of the Civil war, was a member of the forty-second Georgia 
Infantry under Capt. L. P. Thomas and died in the service. His 
uncle, George Noel, also gave up his life for the cause of the Confed- 
eracy, but his brother, James, served throughout the dark days of the 
struggle and is still living at the present time, a veteran and respected 
citizen. Five paternal uncles, Jeff, James, John V., William M. and 
Martin C. were among the flower of young southern manhood who 
testified by enlisting to their conviction in the supreme right of the 
states to sever their connection with the national government, and all 
served in Georgia regiments. Martin was severely wounded while in 
the service. 

Mr. Mewborn was happily married on January 24, 1895, his chosen 
lady being Clara Loveless, daughter of John G. and Sallie (Shockley) 
Loveless, the latter 's father having originated the famous "Shockley 
apple." Their union has been blessed by the birth of one son, Fay 
Ellery, born January 8, 1903, and now ten years of age. 

Fraternally Mr. Mewborn is a member of the Odd Fellows, and 
while at school was a member of the Ben Hill debating society. He 
attends the Methodist church. He is a man of fine character and takes 
a helpful and public-spirited interest in the affairs of town, church, 
county and state, exerting a very definite influence toward their advance- 
ment. 

Judge David Bascom Nicholson is one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of his profession in this section of the state and having served 
since 1906 as judge of the city court. He has earned the reputation of 
being one of the most learned and impartial of jurists. He has an 
excellent legal equipment and has also brought to bear the stivngth of 
a fine and upright character, so that he has gained and held the inviola- 
ble confidence and regard of his fellow practitioners and of the general 
public. While a resident of his native state. North Carolina, he was 
sent to represent the interests of his county in the state legislature 
and in that body was recognized as one of its most intelligent and 
public-spirited members. 

Judge Nicholson was born September 19, 1853, near Magnolia, 
Duplin county. North Carolina. He was reared to the age of fifteen 
years amid the rural surroundings of the father's farm. lie received 
his early education in the public schools and also in private schools 
and subsequently entered Trinity College, now at Durban, from which 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 735 

institution he was graduated with the class of 1875, receiving the 
degree of bachelor of arts. He took post-graduate study and ultimately 
acquired the degree of master of arts. His first adventures as a wage- 
earner were in the capacity of a school teacher and during his peda- 
gogical endeavors he also read law in spare minutes, pursuing this pro- 
fessional preparation under the direction of Col. W. A. Allen, a dis- 
tinguished lawyer of Goldsboro, North Carolina. In 1880, the subject 
was admitted to the bar of the supreme court of North Carolina, and 
to inaugurate his practice, he removed to Kenansville, the judicial cen- 
ter of Duplin county, and there remained for two years. He repre- 
sented Duplin county in the state assembly, as mentioned previously, 
and was instrumental in bringing about considerable helpful and wise 
legislation. Following that he removed to Clinton, Sampson county, 
North Carolina, where he practiced for ten years, and in 1893 he came 
to Abbeville, Georgia, where he resided two years, and then moved to 
Rochelle, where he has won recognition of the highest character. In 
that year he was appointed solicitor of the county court of Wilcox 
county, and he remained in that office until the establishment of the 
city court in 1896, when he was appointed by Governor Terrell judge 
of the city court, and subsequently, in 1908, he was elected to the same 
office for a term of four years, being at the present time the incumbent. 
Wilcox county looks upon this gentleman as an acquisition of great 
value and no matter with what responsibility entrusted he has never 
been found wanting. 

Judge Nicholson is a son of Rev. David B. Nicholson, a distinguished 
member of the North Carolina conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
church South, and of his wife, Zilpha (Pearsall) Nicholson, both of 
these admirable people being natives of North Carolina. 

He was happily married in 1876, his chosen lady being Miss Katie 
Powell, daughter of the late Col. Luke A. and Mary A. (Vann) Powell. 
Mrs. Nicholson's father was colonel of a regiment of North Carolina 
troops in the Civil war, and the record of that gentleman is gallant 
indeed. The children of Judge and Mrs. Nicholson are : Luke Powell, 
a locomotive engineer on the Atlantic Coast Line ; Edwin Forrest, an 
electrical engineer of Amerieus, Georgia; David B., Jr., a Baptist minis- 
ter of Macon, Georgia ; and James Marvin, a student at Locust Grove 
Institute. Justin L. died March 5, 1909, and Mary died April 3, 1911. 

Judge Nicholson is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the 
Odd Fellows and at college was a member of Chi Phi fraternity. He 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, and his wife of 
the Missionary Baptist church at Rochelle. They maintain a household 
redolent of that warm and wholly charming hospitality for which the 
South is so justly famed. 

Walter G.. Brown, prominent banker and merchant of Rochelle, has 
been a resident of this city since 1898, and has been actively identified 
with the foremost business interests of the city in the years that have 
passed since his settling here. He was born in Dooley county, near 
Vienna, on June 1, 1862, and is the son of Judge Ira Brown and his 
wife, Henriette (Lasseter) Brown. The father was judge of the Dooley 
county court as long as forty vears ago. and was one of the leading men 
of his community during his lifetime. He later occupied the same posi- 
tion in Wilcox county. There were seven children in the Brown family, 
of which Walter G. was one. Of his four sisters, but two are living 
today, Emma and Lucy, both married to prosperous farmers of Wil- 
cox county. 

Walter G. Brown received his early education in Dooley county. 



736 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

In about 1882 he became interested in the merchandise business and 
established a store near Abbeville, where he continued for four years. 
He then located at Seville, remaining there in business for nine years, 
coming from there to Roehelle. Mr. Brown has prospered in his mer- 
cantile ventures, and he owns the building where his present business 
is conducted, a two story brick with a floor space of eighty-five by fifty 
feet, and boasting the only elevator in Wilcox county. In addition to 
his flourishing merchandise business, Mr. Brown is owner of the Brown 
Bank Company of Roehelle. This institution was organized as the Citi- 
zens Bank in 1908, under the laws of the state. In 1909, when the 
City Bank had been in operation one year, Mr. Brown bought it out, 
since which time it has been conducted as a private institution, and 
it is operated on a sound and conservative basis which has won and 
retained to it a high standing and the confidence and patronage of the 
best citizenship of Roehelle. 

Mr. Brown was postmaster at Seville, under Grover Cleveland's 
last administration, a position which he most ably handled, and he 
has in other positions of a public nature exhibited the same characteris- 
tic efficiency and trustworthiness which marked his career as postmas- 
ter, and in the private business which he conducts. 

On March 14, 1890, Mr. Brown was united in marriage with Miss 
Sallie Elizabeth Hardaman, daughter of J. D. Hardaman of Seville, 
but formerly from northern Georgia. Five children were born of their 
union, of which number four are living. Birdie died at the age of 
two years. Walter E., aged sixteen, is a student at the North Georgia 
Military School, in Dahlonega, Georgia. Annie Wilmer, seven years old ; 
Mildred, aged five, and William, now two years of age, are the remain- 
ing members of the family. 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Masonic fraternity, blue lodge degree, 
and is one of the most highly esteemed men in Roehelle. 

James Alexander Bussell, M. D., has been engaged in the practice 
of medicine since 1893, and since 1896 he has been located at Roehelle, 
where he has become well and favorably known to the medical fra- 
ternity and where he has built up a practice in every way consistent 
with his splendid ability and his high character. 

Born in Dooly county, Georgia, in 1873, Dr. Bussell is the son of 
W. A. and Edith Young (Rameld) Bussell, both of that county. The 
father was a veteran of the Civil war. Dr. Bussell is one of eight 
children, all of whom are living. They are: Lula, the wife of S. J. 
Barrett of Abba, Georgia; Mariette, married to W. J. C. Brown, also 
a farmer of Abba ; Minnie, married to Medelton Grayham. a farmer of 
Isaac, Georgia; I. J., a farmer located in Abba; B. R., a doctor of 
Roehelle ; Charles, a farmer living at Abba ; James Alexander of this 
review, and William, a machinist of Abba. 

At the age of four weeks James A. Bussell accompanied his parents 
to Irwin county, where his boyhood was spent, and it was there he 
received his* preliminary educational training, finishing in the Roehelle 
high school. His medical training he received at the Atlanta Medical 
College, graduating therefrom with the class of 1893. beginning the 
active practice of his profession in the same year at Sibbie. Georgia, 
where he continued for three years. After he had located at Roehelle, 
Dr. Bussell completed a course in phamaceutics. and for three years 
or more conducted a drug store in this place, but the remainder of the 
time has confined his entire attention to his general medical practice. 

In October, 1893, Dr. Bussell was married to Miss Ids Coffee, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. IT. Coffee. Four children were born to Dr. and 




Jjh&VOV*. 



fry M/ck<4s6& 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 737 

« 

Mrs. Bussell — Harry, Eva Mae, Sallie and James. The wife and mother 
died in September, 1902, and on January 20, 1904, Dr. Bussell married' 
Mae Coffee, a sister of his first wife. They became the parents of two 
children — Ethel, born in May, 1907, and Earnest, born in 1905. Mrs. 
Bussell passed away on September 15, 1910, and Dr. Bussell contracted 
a third marriage in September of the following year, when Elizabeth 
Annie Coffee, a sister of his first and second wives, was united to him. 
Dr. Bussell is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and the F. & A. M., and his wife is a member of the Methodist church, 
while he is a Baptist. 

Henry Mitchell. For many years identified with the develop- 
ment and promotion of the lumber interests of Georgia, Henry Mitchell 
is now living retired from active pursuits in Waycross, enjoying to the 
utmost the well-merited reward of his long-continued and unremitting 
toil. Coming on both sides of the house from a long and honored line 
of pure Scotch ancestry, he was born, November 11, 1841, in the parish 
of Abernethy, Perthshire, Scotland, a son of William Mitchell. 

His Grandfather Mitchell, a tiller of the soil, for many years operated 
the farm known at "Bartlett field," which was located about six 
miles north of Perth. He and his wife were both life-long residents 
of Scotland. They reared five children, one daughter and four sons. 
The daughter, Helen, married a Mr. White, and spent her entire life 
in her native country. All of the sons left Scotland, one of them, Henry, 
settling in London, England; Robert located permanently in Ireland; 
George came to America, settling in Wellington county, Ontario, Can- 
ada; and William also immigrated to America. 

Born in the parish of Dron, Stirlingshire, Scotland, William Mitch- 
ell learned the trade of a tailor when young, and followed it for a num- 
ber of years in Abernethy, Perthshire. Immigrating to America in 1848, 
he opened a merchant tailoring establishment in Guelph, province of 
Ontario, Canada, where he spent his remaining years, passing away at 
the advanced age of seventy-nine years, He married Jane Kinghorn, 
who was born in Perthshire, Scotland, of Scotch ancestry, and was there 
reared and married. Her brother, Joseph Kinghorn, was an expert 
steamboat engineer, and when the Turks bought steamships in Scotland 
he went to Turkey on board one of the vessels, and was for several years 
in the employ of the sultan, teaching the Turks how to operate the 
ships. Another of her brothers, Henry Kinghorn, immigrated to the 
United States, and served as foreman of the shipyard in New York 
when the steamers Atlantic, Pacific, Adriatic and Baltic were under 
process of construction. He continued a resident of New York until 
his death, and many of his descendants are still living there. Mrs. 
William Mitchell survived her husband about a year, dying at the 
age of seventy-nine years. Seven children were born of their union, 
as follows : William, deceased ; Jane, wife of Richard Waldron, of 
Guelph, Ontario ; Henry, the subject of the sketch ; David, deceased ; 
Robert, who was for many years a merchant in Guelph, and is now the 
postmaster ; John, a carriage top manufacturer in Guelph ; Helen, wife 
of Myron W. Burr, of Guelph, a furniture manufacturer, now retired. 

In 1849 Henry Mitchell came with his mother, brothers and sisters 
to America, joining his father, who had emigrated from Scotland the 
previous year, in Canada, the ocean voyage in a sailing vessel having 
covered a period of six weeks. Landing in New York, the family went 
by way of the Hudson river and the Erie canal to Rochester, New York, 
thence by way of the Genesee river and Lake Ontario to Hamilton, 
Canada, where, there being no railroads, they took teams to convey 



738 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

• 
them to Guelph. Continuing his education, which he had begun in 
Scotland, Henry Mitchell attended the schools of Guelph regularly 
until seventeen years old, in the meantime earning a little ready money 
by clerking during his leisure time in a store. Anxious then to secure 
congenial and remunerative employment, he bade good-bye to home 
and friends, and journeyed to New York City, where he expected to 
find his uncle, Henry Kinghorn. The uncle, however, had died. Con- 
cluding therefore to go farther south, Mr. Mitchell went to Charleston, 
South Carolina, where he hoped to have an opportunity to develop his 
mechanical ability by learning the machinist's trade. Finding no favor- 
able opening in that city, he sought other employment, applying for 
work to Mr. James M. Rahb, who was the master mechanic and super- 
intendent in the building of the Charleston & Savannah Railroad, 
of which a few mile's only had then been completed. He began work 
as a common laborer, but after two days was given clerical work, later 
becoming first a fireman, and then a railroad engineer. 

On the breaking out of the Civil war Mr. Mitchell was made ser- 
geant of an independent company, and sworn into service, as an expert 
mechanic being placed on detached duty. He continued as an engineer, 
and in that capacity formed the acquaintance of General Lee, and was 
detailed to run his special train, having charge of the engine that drew 
the general's train while he had charge of the Georgia-Florida district. 
As previously stated, Mr. Mitchell's great ambition had always been 
to learn the machinist's trade, and while with General Lee left the 
train without permission to work in the railroad shops, which were 
under the supervision of his former employer, Mr. S. S. Haines, who 
was elected superintendent to take the place of the former superin- 
tendent. The commanding officer hearing of this, ordered Mr. Mitchell 
to headquarters. Mr. Haines accompanied him, pleaded his case most 
eloquently, telling the officers that as a good mechanic Mr. Mitchell 
was worth more to the Confederacy in the shops than at the front, 
putting his side of the case so effectively that Mr. Mitchell was allowed 
to remain in the shops, where he became familiar with all kinds of 
work. 

A few days before the surrender of Fort Sumter, Mr. Mitchell was 
called there to adjust the sights of the cannon, and was afterwards 
one of the volunteers that undertook to blow up the Ironsides, and at 
the close helped to sink the Confederate boats that they might not be 
of service to the Federals. The close of the war left Mr. Mitchell penni- 
less, but he and a companion, having found a boat adrift, established 
a ferry across the Ashley river, and for a few days carried on a profita- 
ble business, most of their patrons being Union soldiers. Entering then 
the employ of the United States government, under Bob Hunter, he 
was for a short time engaged in the construction of bridges, and the 
raising of sunken vessels. 

Receiving financial aid then from bis home people, Mr. Mitchell 
returned to Canada, and there served an apprenticeship of three years 
in the machine shops of F. G. Becket & Company. Returning then 
to the South, Mr. Mitchell was for a year employed as an engineer on 
the Fernandina & Cedar Keys Railroad. At the solicitation of Mr. 
S. S. Haines, he then went to Savannah. Georgia, and from that time 
until 1877 was an engineer on the Atlanta & G-ulf Railroad. Resign- 
ing that position, he entered the employ of his father-in-law. for six 
months having charge of his saw mill in Screven, Georgia. The follow- 
ing two years he operated a saw mill at Ocean Pond. Florida, and sub- 
sequently became a partner in the firm of Dale. Dixon & Company. 
which was operating a planing mill in Savannah, ami a saw mill in 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 739 

Liberty county, Georgia. The latter plant Mr. Mitchell operated until 
it burned, six years later. Captain Dale died about that time, and' 
Mr. Dixon and Mr. Mitchell purchased his interests in the business, 
and under the firm name of Dixon, Mitchell & Company operated a 
planing mill in Savannah, and a saw mill in Alexandria, Georgia, for 
several years. The partnership being dissolved in 1903, and the busi- 
ness disposed of, Mr. Mitchell located in AVaycross, and was here profit- 
ably engaged in the lumber business until 1911, when he sold out, and 
has since lived retired from business cares, making his home with his 
son, Joseph D. Mitchell. 

Fraternally Mr. Mitchell is a member of AVaycross Lodge, No. 305, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons ; Waycross Chapter, No. 
9, Royal Arch Masons; Damasciis Commandery, No. 18, Knights Tem- 
plar; and also belongs to Golden Rule Lodge of Savannah, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Mitchell married, in 1877, Kate Dale, who was born and edu- 
cated in Savannah, a daughter of Capt. Joseph J. and Delia (White) 
Dale, the former of whom was a native of England, while the latter 
was born in the United States. Mrs. Mitchell died in 1883, in early 
womanhood, leaving two .children, one of whom lived but eighteen 
months. The other child, Joseph Dale Mitchell, born in Wayne county, 
Georgia, but raised and educated in Savannah, was for many years 
associated in business with his father. He married Minnie Jones, and 
they have five children, namely: Katie Dale, Minnie, Joseph Dale, Jr., 
Nellie Burr, and William Bruce. He, too, stands high in the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Order of Masons, being eminent commander of 
Damascus Commandery, No. 18, Knights Templar. 

J. Mark Wilcox. Talented, energetic, and well versed in legal lore, 
J. Mark Wilcox, of Hazlehurst, is rapidly winning for himself an 
honored position in the legal circles of Jeff Davis county, and deserves 
great credit for the position which he has won, not only as an attorney, 
but as a popular and esteemed citizen. He was born May 21, 1890, at 
Willacoochee, Coffee county, Georgia, of substantial Scotch-Irish ances- 
try. 

His father, Jefferson Wilcox, M. D., is one of the best known and 
most prosperous physicians of Coffee county, and a man of prominence 
and influence. Very active in public affairs, he represented his district 
in the state legislature in 1892, 1894, and 1896, and 1898 served as state 
senator. During the Spanish-American war he raised a company of 
immunes, which was organized as Company B, Third United States 
Volunteer Infantry, and with them saw service in Cuba. He married 
Marion Henson, who was likewise a native of Coffee county, Georgia, 
and they are the parents of two children, namely: Ira E., of Savannah, 
Georgia, in the employ of the Southern Bell Telephone Company; and 
J. Mark, the subject of this brief biographical record. 

After completing the course of study in the Willacoochee high 
school J. Mark Wilcox attended Emory College, in Oxford, Georgia, 
for two years. Going then to Macon. Georgia, he was graduated from 
the law department of Mercer University with the class of 1910. Imme- 
diately locating in Hazlehurst, Mr. Wilcox has met with most encour- 
aging success in his professional practice, and as one of the younger 
generation of lawyers has a brilliant prospect for a prosperous future 
in his career. On November 9, 1911, he was appointed prosecuting 
attorney for Jeff Davis county, and is filling the position with charac- 
teristic* ability. He is also a director of the Farmers State Bank of 
Hazlehurst, and its attorney. 

Vol. II— 1 4 



740 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Seaborn Walter Johnson, M. D. Long familiar with the rudi- 
ments of medicine and surgery. Seaborn Walter Johnson. M. D., of 
Hazlehurst, has continually added to his knowledge by close study 
and earnest application, and through sheer merit has gained a fine repu- 
tation for professional skill and ability. He was born. February 7, 
1859, in Appling county, Georgia, which was likewise the birthplace 
of his father, Matthew Johnson, and the county in which his Grand- 
father Johnson settled on coming to Georgia, in Bulloch county. The 
great-grandfather of Dr. Johnson was Mathew Johnson, a .soldier in 
the Revolutionary army under General Washington, and his father. 
John Johnson, was born in Scotland in 1707, and came to America 
about 1730, with the Stewart clan, who were exiled from their native 
land and came to the colony of North Carolina. 

Reared to agricultural pursuits, Mathew Johnson has been quite 
successful as a tiller of the soil, -finding in farming both pleasure and 
profit. He married Elizabeth Cobb, who was born in North Carolina, 
a member of a family prominent in the Revolutionary war. She came 
with her parents to Georgia when about twelve years of age, settling 
in Jefferson county. She died on the home farm in Appling county. 
Five children were born of their marriage, -as follows: Lewis W., a 
farmer in Appling county, died in 1886 ; Daniel W., postmaster at 
Nicholls, Coffee county ; Seaborn Walter, the special subject of this 
brief sketch ; Mary, wife of Jesse T. Sellars, a farmer in Jeff Davis 
county ; and Marjorie, wife of W. P. Myers, of Baxley, Georgia. 

Growing to man's estate beneath the parental roof-tree, Seaborn 
Walter Johnson successfully learned the three R 's in the common schools, 
the body of instruction at that day, later attending Vanderbilt Uni- 
versity in Nashville, Tennessee, for a year, studying in both the lit- 
erary and medical departments. A man of his mental caliber naturally 
turns to a professional life, and his choice led him to continue the 
study of medicine. Going therefore to Atlanta. Georgia, he entered 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and was there graduated with 
the class of 1887, receiving the degree of M. D. Immediately locating 
in Graham, Appling county, Dr. Johnson remained there seven years, 
gaining wisdom and experience of value. He was afterwards settled 
for a number of years in Baxley, and in Douglas, in each place meeting 
with good success, his natural skill winning for him the confidence 
of the people, and gaining him a large patronage. In 1911 he took a 
post-graduate course in New York City, at the Bellevue hospital. 

While living in Appling county. Dr. Johnson took much interest 
in local and state affairs, in 1890 and 1891 representing Appling county 
in the state legislature. While a member of that body, the doctor intro- 
duced and fathered the "Jim Crow" bill, which was passed during 
the same session, the bill providing for separate accommodations for 
white and black traffic on the railroads of the state, and being opposed 
by every Georgia railroad. Fraternally the doctor belongs to the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons, being a member of Hazle- 
hurst lodge, and to R. A. M. Chapter. No. 95. Both he and his wife 
are members of the Methodist church. 

On November 27, 1890. Dr. Johnson was united in marriage with 
Miss Mamie K. Anthony, a daughter of Rev. J. D. and Josephine (Alex- 
ander) Anthony, and sister of Rev. Baseom Anthony, of the South 
Georgia Methodist denomination. Her father was dubbed the "Bishop 
of the Wire Grass." and at the time of the marriage of his daughter 
Josephine was living in Spring Hill. Montgomery county, Georgia. 
Dr. and Mrs. Johnson have four children, namely: Ruby Claire. 
bom in 1894; Hallie R.. born in 1896; Opal Anthony, horn in 1900; 
and Grace, horn in 1904. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 741 

Ansel A. Parrish. Among the active and prosperous business men 
of Valdosta is Ansel A. Parrish, born in that part of Lowndes county 
that is now Berrien county, Georgia, and a representative of one of 
the prominent pioneer families of this section. The family originated 
here with Henry Parrish, the grandfather of Ansel A., who took a 
leading part in the public affairs of his community and at one time 
was a member of the Georgia state legislature. Ansel A. Parrish was 
one of the many brave and loyal youth who, yet in their teens, so gal- 
lantly went to the defense of their beloved Southland in 1861-65, and 
he is one of the few remaining actors in that great struggle. 

Henry Parrish, who was of North Carolinian stock, was reared and 
married in Bulloch county, Georgia, and removed from thence into 
southern Georgia in a very early day, locating in that part of Irwin 
county which later was transferred to Lowndes county and still later 
became Berrien county. He bought land about six miles east of the 
present site of Cecil and entered actively and prominently into the 
public life of this section. He died in middle life. His wife, who was 
a Miss Nancy Williams before her marriage, bore him twelve children 
and survived him fifty years, passing away at a remarkably advanced 
age. Ezekiel W. Parrish, born February 16, 1818, in Bulloch county, 
Georgia, son of Henry and father of Ansel A., was very young when 
his parents removed to southern Georgia and after his father's death 
he remained with his mother until his marriage, when he bought land 
one mile from where is now located the town of Cecil and there engaged 
in farming and stock-raising. In 1864 he sold his farm and received 
its value in Confederate money, which he still held when the war 
closed, but fortunately he had retained about seventeen hundred acres 
east of Hahira in Lowndes county. He settled on the latter estate, 
erected the necessary buildings and made it his home until his death 
on September 1, 1887. Martha C. (Wootten) Parrish, his wife, born in 
Taliaferro county, Georgia, had preceded him in death, her demise 
having occurred in June, 1871. She was a daughter of Redden Wootten 
and wife, the latter of whom was a Miss Bird before her marriage. 
Ezekiel W. and Martha C. (Wootten) Parrish were the parents of 
twelve children, namely: Nancy E., Redden B., Susan, Ansel A., 
James H., Joel W., Matthew R. A., Mary A. A., Ezekiel W. J., Martha 
M., John E. W. and Absolom B. 

Ansel A. Parrish, born February 20, 1846, the fourth in this family, 
was reared amid pioneer scenes, for in his youth there were no rail- 
roads in this section of Georgia and his father went to Albany, Georgia, 
sixty miles away, to market his cotton. All cooking was done before 
the open fire and his mother would card, spin and weave the wool 
into homespun cloth which her deft fingers would then convert into 
garments for her family. Mr. Parrish received such educational advan- 
tages as the public schools of his day afforded, and when old enough 
took up duties on the farm. In May, 1864. he enlisted in Company B 
of the First Florida Special Battalion for service in the Confederate 
army and was assigned to the commissary department, where he con- 
tinued until the close of the war. Returning to his Georgia home, he 
took up farming and also taught school to earn money, the money with 
, which to advance his education. He was a student in the Valdosta 
Institute when occurred the death of Professor Varnedoe, then presi- 
dent of the institution. For sometime after concluding his studies 
there he clerked and then engaged in the mercantile business inde- 
pendently, continuing thus for seven years. He then took up the sale 
of sewing machines and when bicycles came into use he engaged in their 
sale and repair. One of the first in his city to see the future of the 



742 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

automobile, he opened a garage for the repair, storage and sale of auto- 
mobiles and has continued in that line of business to the present time. 

On July 16, 1874, Mr. Parrish was united in marriage to Mary 
Emma Peeples, a native of Berrien county, Georgia, and a daughter 
of Judge Richard A. and Sarah (Camp) Peeples, more specific men- 
tion of whom will be found in the sketch of C. B. Peeples appearing 
on other pages of this volume. Seven children have blessed the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Parrish, namely : Carrie May, Maggie Alline, Charles 
E., Irene A., Ansel A., Richard E. and Edwin Willard. Carrie May is 
uow Mrs. Francis H. Ramsey, of Yaldosta, Georgia, and has one son, 
Francis H. ; Maggie A., now Mrs. Albert N. Swain, resides in Rich- 
land, Georgia, and has three children, Albert N., Ansel Parrish and 
Emeliza ; Charles E., married Julia Collier and has two children, Col- 
lier E. and Margaret ; Irene married Dr. A. L. Smith, of Empire, Geor- 
gia and they have three children, Mary E., Dorothy and Samuel A. ; 
and Ansel A., married Nona Hester and has a daughter, Caroline. 

Mr. and Mrs. Parrish are members of the Tabernacle Baptist church 
at Valdosta and both are ardent advocates of temperance. 

Robert Butler Myddelton. When it is stated that this esteemed 
citizen of Valdosta has served as clerk of the superior court in Lowndes 
county, Georgia, continuously since 1908 and that he succeeded his 
father, Robert Thomas Myddelton, the incumbent of that office for 
thirty-one consecutive years, further attestation as to the family's 
worth and standing will be unnecessary. Three generations of the 
Myddeltons have been native to Georgia soil and have sprung from their 
common ancestor, William Myddelton, who was born in England and 
came to America in colonial times, settling in South Carolina. William 
Myddelton was married in South Carolina to Margaret Thompson and 
removed from that state to Mcintosh county, Georgia, where both spent 
the remainder of their lives as farmer people. Their son Augustus 
Myddelton, born in Mcintosh county, Georgia, was reared in his native 
county to agricultural pursuits and after his father's death assumed 
charge of the home farm, which he conducted by slave labor. Later 
he removed from Mcintosh county to Chatham county and bought a 
tract of land at Bethesda, ten miles from Savannah, where remained 
his home for about fifteen years. Removing from there to Bryan county, 
he bought a plantation of 720 acres on the Midway river, where he 
resided until March, 1863, when the war activities of the time having 
made his home in this section unpleasant and unsafe, he took his family 
to Valdosta, Lowndes county. He bought a home in the village and a 
farm a few miles out and continued his residence in Valdosta until his 
death in May, 1864, at the age of sixty. Mary Percival (Todd) Myd- 
delton, his wife, was born in Mcintosh county. Georgia, and was a 
daughter of John and Margery (Percival) Todd. She survived her 
husband many years and passed away at the advanced age of ninety. 
To this union were born the following children: John, Eugenia. Mar- 
garet, James, Ezra, Harriett, Samuel, Sara ami Robert T. 

Robert Thomas Myddelton. the youngest of this family and the 
father of our subject, was born near Savannah. Chatham county. Geor- 
gia, January 27, 1845, and was educated at Fleming-ton. Liberty county. 
He was but a. youth when the Civil war broke out. but fired with the 
zeal and loyalty which characterized the sons of the South, he enlisted 
in his seventeenth year in Capt. S. D. Bradwell's company of the 
Twenty-fifth Georgia Volunteer Infantry. After he had served about 
one year he was discharged on account of disability, but in 1864 he 
again enlisted, this time in the Twentieth Battalion of Georgia Cavalry 




^dojv^ 9n ^j-^cdn 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 743 

and went with the command to Virginia, where it was transferred to 
the Jeff Davis legion ( Mississippi troops) and served in Young's brig- 
ade of Wade Hampton's command. Young Myddelton was in active 
service until the close of the war, when he was paroled and returned to 
the home of his parents in Valdosta. For a time he clerked in a store 
there and then later engaged in the mercantile business independently, 
continuing it until compelled to give it up on account of ill health. 
Removing to a farm, he continued on it until 1878, when he began his 
duties as clerk of the superior court of Lowndes county, to which office 
he had been elected in the fall of 1877. By successive reelections he 
has continued in that office thirty-one years and then he resigned. Cer- 
tainly no more eloquent testimony could be given of the confidence and 
esteem he has commanded from his fellow citizens. He has also served 
as a member of the city council several terms and also as mayor of 
Valdosta. In November, 1868, was solemnized his marriage to Euphe- 
mia Smith, who was born in Lowndes county to Duncan and Margaret 
(Dasher) Smith. They have reared eight children, as follows: Smith, 
Mary, Robert B., Erne, William, Ralph, Paul and Archibald. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Myddelton are members of the Baptist church, and he affil- 
iates fraternally with Valdosta. Lodge No. 184, Free and Accepted 
Masons. 

Robert Butler Myddelton was born in Valdosta, Georgia, March 6, 
1873, was educated in the public schools of that city and when a mere 
boy took up responsible duties as a clerk in a store. At the age of 
sixteen he entered the employ of A. S. Pendleton, wholesale and retail 
groceries, with whom he remained four years. The following nine 
years were spent as a bookkeeper in the First National Bank of Val- 
dosta, and then he was appointed deputy clerk of the superior court 
of Lowndes county and clerk of the city court of Valdosta. In the 
fall of 1908 he was elected clerk of the superior court to succeed his 
father, who had resigned, and by reelection he has been continued in 
that office to the present time, also in the office of clerk of the city court. 

The marriage of Mr. Myddleton took place in November, 1898, and 
united him to Miss Maude Hodges, a native of Bulloch county, Geor- 
gia, and a daughter of Eli W. and Louise (Keller) Hodges. They have 
two children, Robert Hodges and Margaret Louise. Mr. Myddelton is 
a member of Valdosta Lodge No. 184, Free and Accepted Masons, Val- 
dosta Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, Malta Commandery of Knights 
Templars, and of Alee Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S. 

Carey M. Sweat. Possessing rare business ability and foresight, 
Carey M. Sweat occupies a position of prominence and influence among 
the substantial and influential residents of Waycross, being identified 
with various enterprises of magnitude and importance. A son of the 
late Capt. James A. Sweat, he was born, December 9, 1861, in Ware 
county, Georgia, on a farm lying five miles south of Waresboro. 

Born and bred in South Carolina, Capt. James A. Sweat migrated 
in early life to Georgia, locating in what is now Pierce county. The 
southern part of the state was then but sparsely settled, being largely 
in its primitive wildness, with plenty of deer, turkeys and other wild 
game common to this region. The Indians here had their happy hunt- 
ing grounds, and ofttimes caused the newcomers fear and trouble 
through murderous attacks, thieving and otherwise molesting them. 
The whites built log forts, to which the women and children repaired 
for safety when the redskins started out on a death-dealing mission, 
while the men organized companies for protection against the savages, 
James A. Sweat becoming a captain of one of those little brave bands 



744 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

of pioneer settlers. About 1853 Captain Sweat removed to Ware county, 
Georgia, and having purchased a tract of wild land five miles south of 
Waresboro erected first a log house, and later replaced the original 
structure with a substantial frame house. With the assistance of slaves, 
he cleared and improved a homestead, and later, as his means increased, 
bought large tracts of land in Ware and adjacent counties, becoming 
an extensive and prosperous landholder. He continued his agricultural 
operations until his death, at which time he was sixty-one years, one 
month, and fifteen days old. 

Captain Sweat was three times married. He married first Elizabeth 
Newburn. She died in 1853, leaving eleven children, namely : Thomas, 
Martin, Bryant, Farley, Elias, Ancil, Charlotte, Cassie, Maria, Tabitha 
and Mary. He married for his second wife Mary Newburn, a sister 
of his first wife. For his third wife Captain Sweat married a widow, 
Mrs. Serena (Miller) Clough, who by her union with her first hus- 
band, Mr. Clough, had four children, Jonathan J. Clough, deceased; 
Mary, still living ; Emma, and Lilla, deceased. She was born in Ware 
county, Georgia, a daughter of Martin and Nancy (Brewton) Miller, 
and granddaughter of William Miller, a pioneer of Bulloch county, 
Georgia, and a soldier in the Revolutionary war. By this union two 
children were born, namely : Carey M. Sweat, the subject of this sketch, 
and Frank L. Sweat. 

Although young when his father died, Carey M. Sweat assumed 
the care of the home farm to a large extent. He attended the public 
schools as regularly as possible, acquiring a good knowledge of the 
common branches of study, while under his mother's guidance he was 
well trained to habits of industry and thrift. Succeeding eventually to 
the ownership of the parental homestead, he carried on general farm- 
ing successfully until twenty-seven years old, when he made an entire 
change of occupation and residence. Removing to Waycross, Mr. 
Sweat's first introduction into the business world was as a manu- 
facturer of turpentine, an industry in which he first embarked while 
living on the farm. His industrial and financial interests expanded 
rapidly, fortune smiling on his every effort, and he is now associated 
with many enterprises of note. 

One of the organizers of the Waycross Exchange Bank, Mr. Sweat 
served as its president from its "formation until 1910, and is now one 
of its directors. He was one of the six men who erected the Hotel La 
Grande block; is a stockholder in the Consolidated Naval Stores Com- 
pany ; a director in the Citizens Bank of Douglas, Georgia ; a stock- 
holder in the Southern Naval Stores Company; a stockholder, and vice- 
president, of the Texas Turpentine Company; a stockholder in the 
State Life Insurance Company ; and a stockholder and the vice-presi- 
dent of the Newillard Naval Stores Company of Texas. 

Politically Mr. Sweat is a stanch Democrat, but has been too much 
absorbed in his personal affairs to engage in politics, although he has 
served as a member of the city council. Fraternally he belongs to 
Waycross Lodge, No. 305, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons ; 
religiously both he and his wife are consistent members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. 

Mr. Sweat has been twice married. On April 27. 1887, lie was united 
in marriage with Miss Mollie McDonald, who was born in Ware county, 
Georgia, a daughter of William A. and Mary Ann (Deen) McDonald. 
She died December 7. 1892, leaving two children. James Lester and 
Vera B. Mr. Sweat married second. May 14. 1901, Susan E. McDon- 
ald, a daughter of Col. William A. and Rebecca (Thompson) McDon- 
ald. Of this union six children have been born, namely: Thelma 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 745 

Lucille, Lillian Marie, Carey McDonald, Ralph Franklin, Juniatta 
Rebecca, and Norman Ancil. 

James Everett Gornto, now a resident of Valdosta, is a son of a 
soldier of the Confederacy and a grandson of one of the earliest set- 
tlers in this section of the state, and by these distinctions and by his 
own career as a worthy and progressive citizen he is entitled to mention 
among the representative men of southern Georgia. His nativity oc- 
curred June 24, 1854, in that part of Lowndes county that is now 
included in Brooks county, Georgia, and he is a son of James Gornto, 
who was born in Laurens county of the Empire state of the South. 
The grandfather, Nathan Gornto, was a stock-raiser in Laurens county, 
but as the country became more thickly settled and grazing facilities 
fewer he pushed on to the frontier and located in what is now Brooks 
county but then was included in Lowndes county. He purchased land 
there and grazed his herds on large tracts that were vacant, for at 
that time all of southern Georgia was sparsely settled. There were 
no railroads and no markets for produce nearer than the gulf ports, 
and the few farmers here at that time took their surplus crops to 
St. Marks or Newport, Florida with teams. As the land began to be 
taken up by settlers and farmed, he sold his land to a Mr. Spain and 
took his herds of cattle into Madison county, Florida, where he pur- 
chased land and where he continued to reside until his death when 
about ninety years of age. His wife was Esther Burnett before her 
marriage and she too lived to be full of years. The most of their 
descendants are located in Florida. Their son James, the father of 
James Everett, was but a boy when the family settled in Brooks county 
and was reared amid pioneer scenes. He began his independent career 
by working out on a farm and soon became an overseer, continuing thus 
employed several years. Later he bought land west of Quitman, Geor- 
gia, but after operating it several years he sold it and purchased another 
farm south of Quitman on which he resided thenceforward until his 
death at the age of eighty. In 1864 he joined the Georgia Reserves 
and went to the defense of Atlanta, serving with that command until 
the close of the war. He wedded Miss Mahala Dean, a daughter of John 
and Jane Dean, and she reached the age of seventy-eight years. They 
were the parents of seven children, namely: Jane, James E., Lavinia, 
Annie, Daniel, Sally and Elijah. 

James Everett Gornto, the second of this family in order of birth, 
was the eldest son and as he grew up under the home roof his experi- 
ences were those which naturally come to a boy commendably assisting 
his parents in developing a productive farm, and while they were not 
notably different from those of many others, each had its value in 
developing self-reliance and the habits of industry and thrift. His 
earlier years of independent activity were spent as a farmer, and 
though he has not been following that vocation personally in recent 
years he has never ceased to be interested in agricultural pursuits 
and has an estate a short distance from Valdosta which he operates 
by the help of tenants. Upon leaving the farm he took up his resi- 
dence in Quitman, where he clerked for a time and where he served 
as marshal three years ; then in 1897 he removed to Valdosta, where 
he has since resided. Mr. Gornto has been thrice married. On Jan- 
uary 1, 1874, he was united to Miss Fannie Groover, a daughter of 
Henry Groover, who at her death in 1879 left two daughters, Lavinia 
and Fanny. His second marriage occurred in 1882 when he wedded 
Miss Fanny Lightfoot, daughter of Dr. T. J. Lightfoot. At her death 
in February, 1889, there were left three children, Katie, Beulah and 



746 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Samuel. In November, 1889, Mr. Gornto took as his third wife Miss 
Ella Roberts, a daughter of Ashley G. Roberts, and, to their union 
have been born three children, Lorenzo, Flora and James Everett, Jr. 
Mr. Gornto is a Democrat in politics and cast his first vote for Samuel 
J. Tilden for president. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Valdosta 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons and with the chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons in the same city and belongs to Alee Temple, A. A. 0. 
N. M. S. He is also a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

Remer Young Lane. The president of the Merchants Bank of Val- 
dosta is one of the oldest residents of Lowndes county, and for more 
than half a century has been closely identified with its agricultural and 
business development. A pioneer himself, Mr. Lane also represents 
a family of Georgia pioneers, and its members have been worthily con- 
nected with civic affairs and business enterprise in America from before 
the Revolutionary war down to the present. 

Remer Young Lane was born in that part of Emanuel now known 
as Jenkins county, Georgia, on November 18, 1826. His grandfather, 
Abraham Lane, a native of Duplin county, North Carolina, was one 
of seven brothers each of whom gave soldier's service to the cause of 
independence during the Revolutionary war. Soon after the close 
of that struggle he came into Georgia, locating in what is now Jenkins 
county, and took a pioneer's part as a settler and upbuilder of that 
region. Practically all of Georgia was then a wilderness, the land not 
yet surveyed, and many years passed before all the Indian titles were 
quieted. In this sparsely settled region he acquired several thousand 
acres, and spent the rest of his years in the management and cultiva- 
tion of his broad acres. He died in 1826, aged eighty-one years. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Martha Wood, passed away some years 
before him. 

John Lane, son of Abraham and father of the Valdosta. banker, 
was born also in the present Jenkins county on April 1, 1795, and was 
reared amid pioneer scenes. Following in the footsteps of his father, 
he became a planter and with slave labor conducted a large estate. 
His death occurred at the early age of forty years. He married Mary 
Heath, who was born and reared in the same neighborhood with him. 
Her father, a native of Charlotte, North Carolina, was Louis Heath, 
who married a Miss Vickers. John Lane and wife had five children, 
and after the father's death the mother directed the home plantation 
and kept the children together until they had homes of their own. 
She lived to the age of about seventy years. 

Remer Young Lane was in his ninth year when his father died, 
and he lived at the old home until he was twenty-one, being educated 
in the schools of the neighborhood. On leaving home he established a 
store at "No. 8" on the line of the Georgia Central in Burke county, 
and continued there for seven or eight years. The date of his settle- 
ment in Lowndes county was 1855. fifty-eight years ago. At that time 
the county comprised a large territory in southern Georgia, and the 
county seat was Troupville. Near Clyatville he bought a large tract 
of new land, and with the aid of slaves developed and farmed it for a 
number of years. Agriculture was his regular vocation nntil 1875, in 
which year he located in Valdosta. In association with Hon. A. T. 
Mclntyre of Thomasville lie engaged in banking, a business with which 
his name has been substantially identified ever since, and he is one of 
the oldest hankers of' south Georgia. In 1889 he organized the Mer- 
chants Bank of Valdosta. and has been president of this institution ever 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 747 

since. Mr. Lane is one of the largest land owners of Lowndes county, 
his holdings comprising over four thousand acres, and through its 
management and his other business enterprises he has been for years 
one of the largest producers of actual wealth in this section of the 
state. 

On September 13, 1855, Mr. Lane married Miss Henrietta Brin- 
son. She too is a descendant of Georgia pioneers. Her parents were 
Mills M. and Sarah (Hines) Brinson, natives of Screven and Burke 
counties respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Lane have reared seven children, 
namely : Mary, Walter Thompson, Mills B., John, Augustus H., Ed- 
ward W. and Ben. Mary is the wife of E. P. S. Denmark, and her 
live children are Remer Z.. Elisha P., Augustus H., Irwin and Mary 
Estelle. Walter T., a resident of Valdosta, married Katherine Gairard, 
who died, leaving three children, Katrina, Almerine and Walter T. J. ; 
Mills B., who is president of the Citizens and Southern Bank at Savan- 
nah, married Mary Homer, and their children are Mary, Remer Y. and 
Mills B. ; John, who is a planter in Lowndes county, married Emma 
Tillman, now deceased, and their children are Mills B. and Isaiah T. ; 
Augustus H., the fifth child, is deceased; Edward W., who is presi- 
dent of the Atlantic National Bank of Jacksonville, Florida, married 
Anna Tollivar. and has two children, James T. and Edward Wood. 
Ben, the youngest of the family, is engaged in business at Douglas in 
Coffee county. One of Mr. Lane's granddaughters, Katrina Lane, mar- 
ried William Ashley, and their child, Mary Katrina, represents the 
fourth living generation. 

Benjamin P. Jones, the president of the Valdosta Bank and Trust 
Company has had a long career in business, has won prosperity and 
influence much above that of the average man, and yet began with 
little or nothing and for a number of years had a hard struggle with 
the obstacles of business life. Mr. Jones is one of the prominent citi- 
zens of south Georgia, and has been identified with Valdosta from the 
time it was a small village. 

Mr. Benjamin P. Jones was born June 25, 1837, in that part of 
Camden now Charlton county, Georgia. His grandfather was James 
Jones, thought to have been a native of Georgia, who was a Camden 
county planter, having a number of slaves, and died there at the age 
of seventy-five, his remains now reposing in the Buffalo churchyard. 
He married a Miss Davis, who was upwards of eighty when she died, 
and they reared a large family of children. They were Primitive Bap- 
tists in religion. 

Burrell Jones, father of the Valdosta banker, was born in Wayne 
county. Georgia, April 29, 1803. About the time of his marriage 
he bought land near Folkston, living there a few years, and about 
1840 returned to Wayne county and located on a farm near the pres- 
ent site of Lulaton, where he made his home until his death in 1877. 
He married Mary Margaret (known as Peggy) Mizell, who was born 
in Bulloch county, August 9, 1809. Her father, Jesse Mizell, of English 
stock and a native of North Carolina, was a soldier of the Revolution 
under Jasper at Savannah and with Marion during that leader's valor- 
ous excursions against the British. He was with the command when it 
crossed the Peedee river, first lay blankets on the bridge to deaden 
the sound of the horses' hoofs, and in this way surprised the enemy. 
Some years after the Revolution Jesse Mizell came to Georgia, living 
two years in Camden county, and then moved into the interior, settling 
near the present site of Folkston in Charlton county, where he bought 
land and was engaged in farming and stock raising until his death 



748 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

at the age of abouty sixty. He married a Miss Stallings, a native of 
North Carolina and of Dutch ancestry. Mary M. Mizell, the mother 
of Mr. Jones, spent her early life on the Georgia frontier, and for the 
lack of educational advantages she compensated by her great natural 
ability and force of character. Her husband was for many years an 
invalid, and the care of the children devolved entirely upon her. She ■ 
reared them to habits of industry and honor, and they paid her all 
filial reverence. Her death occurred in 1885. Her nine children were 
named as follows: Harley, Joseph, Benjamin P., Margaret, James B.. 
Nancy C., Harriet, Jasper N. and Newton J. Harley and Joseph were 
Confederate soldiers and died during their service for the southern 
cause. 

Though in his youth he had little opportunity to obtain an educa- 
tion, Benjamin P. Jones managed to obtain an education largely through 
his own efforts at self-improvement and an ingrained habit of close 
observation. When he was seventeen he became a teacher, and while 
he did good service while in this occupation it may be remembered that 
qualifications for teaching were not very high at that period. Anyone 
could teach who could find others who knew less than himself, and 
there was no formality of examination. Intellectual curiosity was a 
passion with him from an early age, and the time most children give 
to play with their comrades he devoted to association in company with 
his elders, thus learning by listening. When he was twelve years old 
he once attended a court session, listening attentively to the evidence 
and the charge to the jury. At recess the judge asked why he was 
so absorbed in the proceedings. The boy replied, that it was because 
he wanted to learn, and then asked the judge why he charged the jury 
as he did. That was equity, responded the judge, and after explaining 
the meaning of that word told the boy that if he ever had occasion 
to make out papers to make them out in accordance with equity and 
justice and he would sanction them if brought before his court. Chop- 
ping cotton at twenty-five cents a day and board was the means by 
which Mr. Jones earned his first money. A little later he became 
clerk in a general store at Lulaton, and after a time engaged in busi- 
ness for himself at Stockton, Georgia. Hardly had his trade started 
when a panic paralyzed all business, and he found himself in debt 
fifteen hundred dollars, which took him some time to pay off. 

Early in 1861 Mr. Jones enlisted in Company D of the Twenty- 
sixth Georgia Infantry, and was with that command in the coast defense 
until the regiment was ordered to Virginia, when he secured a substi- 
tute. Confederate money was then plentiful but away below par, and 
he bought a farm for three thousand dollars, at war-time prices, going 
in debt for the greater part of this amount. He was busily engaged 
in farming until 1861, when he enlisted with the Georgia Reserves, 
being commissioned first lieutenant and being in actual command of 
his company. The Reserves went to the defense of Atlanta, but from 
Griffin his company was sent back to recruit and apprehend deserters, 
and he was on detached duty until the close of the war. After making 
three crops on his farm he sold the land for four hundred dollars, and 
with that money and what lie had realized from his crops engaged in 
the mercantile business at Milltown in Berrien county. Nine days 
after opening his store an epidemic of smallpox broke out. lie was quar- 
antined fifty-two days, and at the end of that time offered to sell his 
entire stock for three hundred dollars but could not find a buyer. 
Owing to this circumstance he went on with his business, at the same 
time buying cotton and dealing in live stock, and in four years had 
so reversed the current of his previous fortunes that he had cleared 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 749 

up fourteen thousand dollars. Then selling out at Milltown he went 
to southern Florida, where he opened two stores and established a grist 
and saw mill, and was engaged in business there until 1874, when ill 
health compelled him to make a change. He sacrificed eight thousand 
dollars by the move, and then came to Valdosta, which was then a 
village. Here he bought an established general store and a home for 
three thousand dollars, and was prosperously identified with the mer- 
cantile enterprise of this city for twenty years. In 1894 Mr. Jones 
organized the Valdosta Guano Company, and in 1906 the Valdosta 
Bank & Trust Company, of which he has since been president, with 
his son C. L. as cashier. 

On June 25, 1862, Mr. Jones married Miss Elizabeth Knight, who 
was born in Clinch county, October 18, 1843, representing an old 
family of southern Georgia. Her grandfather, Rev. William Knight, 
was a pioneer preacher in this part of the state. He married a Miss 
Cone. Jonathan Knight, the father of Mrs. Jones, was born in that 
part of Lowndes now Berrien county, and spent his life as a farmer 
in Clinch and Berrien counties. Mr. and Mrs, Jones reared thirteen 
children, named as follows: Jonathan H., Charles Lee, Frances M. 
McKenzie; Lillie Roberts, Samuel W., Elizabeth Fry, Benjamin U., 
Jimmie Staten Green, Eulah Norris, Pearl Mashburn, Lloyd E., Lotta 
and Audrey Terry. 

Mr. Jones has been identified with the Masonic order since he was 
twenty-seven years old. He is a member of the Economic League of 
Boston, Massachusetts, a society for the betterment of mankind. He 
has been one of the influential men in political life for many years. 
His first presidential vote was cast for John C. Breckenridge in 1860. 
He was opposed to secession, in a speech in which he said that if the 
sixteen southern states would all go out in a body, taking the consti- 
tution in one hand and the flag in the other, he would favor the move- 
ment with his vote, but not otherwise. In subsequent years he has 
served as delegate to many county and state conventions, was a dele- 
gate to the national conventions that nominated General Hancock and 
Grover Cleveland, and was also one of the sound-money Democratic 
delegates of 1896 who nominated Palmer and Buckner. Since 1898 he 
has not been allied with any party, and as a free lance has supported 
the individual who best represents his ideas of government. 

Charles B. Peeples. When a lad of six years Mr. Peeples came 
to Valdosta with his parents, and saw Valdosta grow from a mere 
hamlet to one of the flourishing cities of south Georgia and he took 
a very important part in its business and civic enterprise during these 
years. 

Charles B. Peeples was born at Milltown, on September 2, 1854. 
He represents one of the old families of this part of the state. His 
grandfather, Henry Peeples, a descendant of pure Scotch stock, was 
a native of South Carolina, which was his home until 1835. With his 
own wagons and teams he then brought his family and household goods 
from his old home near Anderson to Jackson county, Georgia, later 
bought land in Hall county, where he was both a farmer and merchant. 
In 1848 he came to Lowndes county, settling on Flat creek about two 
and a half miles from where Allapaha now stands, and there established 
a store, the locality hence taking the name of "Peeple's Store." He 
continued in active business until his death at the age of sixty years. 
He married a Miss Smith, and the names of their eight children were 
Jackson, Thompson, Cincinnatus, John, Anson, Edwin, Richard and 
Josephine. 



750 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Judge Richard A. Peeples, father of Charles B., was born in South 
Carolina in 1829, and during his lifetime became one of the prominent 
men of south Georgia. His early years were spent in Hall county, 
where he made the best of his school opportunities and became a well 
educated man. During his youth be began belping his father in the 
store and continued with him until the latter 's death. After his mar- 
riage he located at Milltown and was engaged in saw-milling for a time. 
Upon the organization of Berrien county in 1856 be was elected clerk of 
the superior court, removing his residence to Nashville, which was 
then but a mere hamlet, far from railroads. That was his home until 
1860, at which date he moved to the new town of Valdosta, buying 
land in that town that adjoined the county's land. While clerk of 
court in Berrien county he had studied law, and on being admitted 
to the bar opened an office as one of the first lawyers resident in Val- 
dosta. During the war between the states he commanded a company of 
Georgia Reserves, being stationed at Savannah until the capture of 
that city, and then in Columbia, South Carolina. After the fall of 
the latter city he was sent home sick, and was unable to rejoin his 
command before the close of the war. He was engaged in active prac- 
tice at Valdosta until his death, which occurred in 1892. For twelve 
years he filled the office of city judge, and was one of the influential 
Democrats and public-spirited citizens of this part of the state. He 
was twice married. His first wife, Avhose maiden name was Sarah J. 
K. Camp and who was the mother of Charles B., was a native of 
Jackson county, and her death occurred at the age of thirty-two. Her 
father, Berryman Camp, was born in Jackson county in 1800, followed 
farming there many years, and later settled near Cedartown in Polk 
county, where he died. He married a Miss Lyle. The second wife of 
Judge Peeples was Sarah Virginia Dent, who is still living. By the 
first marriage there were four children — Henry C, Charles B., Mary 
Emma and Sally. The five children of the second marriage were Wal- 
ter, Etta, Alexander, Fannie and Cincinnatus. 

Charles B. Peeples during his youthful years in Valdosta attended 
the public schools, and when sixteen years old began learning the trade 
of brick layer, which he followed two years. For five years he sold 
sewing machines, then conducted a mercantile business until 1880, at 
which time he became a clerk for the Atlantic Coast Railroad Company, 
continuing five years. From 1887 Mr. Peeples conducted a successful 
business in the sale of builders' materials at Valdosta, and was one 
of the oldest merchants of the city. 

On March 11, 1880 he was married to Lilla C. Keller. Mrs. Peeples, 
whose ancestry on both sides included some of the first settlers of 
Georgia, was born in Effingham county and was a daughter of Thomas 
M. and Margaret (Weisenbaker) Keller. Mr. Peebles was and his wife 
is a member of the Missionary Baptist church. As a Democrat he 
served several terms in the city council, was mayor for one term, and 
for ten years was chairman of the board of county commissioners. • Fra- 
ternally he was a member of Phoenix Lodge. I. O. O. F. Mr. Peeples 
died October 6, 1912. and was buried in the Valdosta cemetery. Their 
adopted daughter is Mrs. T. B. Converse of Valdosta. 

Randolph Avera. One of the first men to engage in mercantile 
business at Quitman was Randolph Avera. who died at his home in 
Quitman, December 22. 1912. Mr. Avera was born in Washington 
county, Georgia, on May 21. 1826. His father, David Avera. was burn 
in the same county, February 2. 1800, where he was reared and mar- 
ried, and in 1828 moved to Crawford county, where lie bought a planta- 





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SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 751 

tion and operated it with his slaves for upwards of twenty years. He 
was also a member of the legislature. He then moved to the adjoining' 
county of Houston, where he spent the rest of his days and died at the 
age of seventy-six in 1876. He married Elizabeth Hood. She was born 
in Washington county, and was a daughter of William Hood, a planter 
and lifelong resident of that county. David Avera and wife reared 
twelve children. 

Randolph Avera spent his youth on the home farm and at the age 
of twenty-one began his independent career even with the world. He 
took up the carpenter's trade, and having served his apprenticeship 
followed it in various places until 1859. In that year he located at 
the new town of Quitman and with a brother established a store. He 
built the first brick store and set out the first shade trees — French 
mulberry. The town as yet had no railroad communication, and it 
was necessary to haul all goods in wagons from Dupont, forty miles 
away. When the war broke out Mr. Avera tendered his service to the 
Confederate government as a mechanic, and up to the close of the 
war was employed in the car-shops at Thomasville. After the war 
he was identified chiefly with the management of his home estate near 
Quitman, and lived retired up to the time of his death. 

July 21, 1861, Mr. Avera married Mrs. Mary (Young) McElbeen, 
who represents one of the old and prominent families of south Georgia. 
She was born in Thomas county, September 29, 1830, and is a grand- 
daughter of William and Mary (Henderson) Young. William Young 
in 1775, when the colonies were preparing. to revolt from British rule, was 
a member of the council of safety at Savannah and on July 4th of that 
year represented the town and district of Savannah in the first assem- 
bling of the provincial congress. He was afterwards a planter of Screven 
county, where he spent his last days. Michael Young, son of this 
patriot and father of Mrs. Avera, was born in Screven county, January 
16, 1797, later settled in Bulloch county, and in 1828 came and made 
settlement in the new county of Thomas. With wagons and other pri- 
vate conveyances he and his family and slaves arrived in what was then 
an almost unbroken wilderness, and the household camped in the forest 
while he and his helpers cut trees and made a log-cabin home. His 
location was three miles west of Thomasville. The Indians were still 
lingering in these hunting grounds, and all this part of the state was 
largely as nature had made it, so that Michael Young and his family 
were among those who bore the brunt of pioneer work and helped to 
prepare this region for the uses of subsequent generations. Michael 
Young had participated in one Indian war before coming here, and 
was engaged in another during the thirties. He cleared large tracts 
of land and resided in this vicinity until his death, which occurred 
August 24, 1856. He also was a member of the legislature and as 
there were no railroads here then he had to make the journey on horse- 
back. The maiden name of his wife was Sarah Everett, who was a 
native of Bulloch county, and her death occurred on April 14, 1876. 
Her parents were Joshua and Jane (Carter) Everett, who, so far as 
known, were lifelong residents of Bulloch county. Michael Young and 
wife reared nine children, namely: James Everett, America, Remer, 
William Joshua, Mary Jane, Thomas Jones. John Carter, Sarah Lavinia 
and Michael Henderson. The son John C. died while in school at La-* 
Grange. 

Mary J. Young was first married, in 1850. to William Henry McEl- 
been, who was born in Decatur county, Georgia, was reared on a farm, 
and on beginning his independent career bought land in his native 
county, where he and his wife lived until his death at the age of thirty- 



752 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

five. After the death of her husband Mrs. McElbeen with her three 
children returned to her parents in Thomas county. In 1857 coming 
to what is now Brooks county, where a brother had previously settled, 
she bought a tract of land to which the Quitman city limits have since 
been extended. At that time there was not a house on the present 
site of Quitman and the whole neighborhood was a pine forest. With 
the aid of her slaves she began improving her land, and her home for 
more than half a century has been on the estate which she thus under- 
took to develop. Log houses were the first homes both for her family 
and her slaves, but these have long since given way to comfortable 
frame dwellings. Her own home is a commodious colonial residence, 
situated well back from the street and in the midst of fruit and shade 
trees and is one of the most attractive homes in this vicinity. 

The three children by her first marriage were Sarah America, Wil- 
liam Henry and Susan Tallulah McElbeen. William Henry, born in 
1853, died unmarried in 1881. Sarah America, born in 1851, married 
Dr. D. L. Ricks, and at her death on December 16, 1901, left eight chil- 
dren, namely : Mary Tallulah, William L., Eunice, Ethel, Cora Lee, 
Leila, Josie and Hugh. Susan Tallulah, who was born May 29, 1855, 
and died in 1895, married Joel K. Hodges, and left four children — 
Mary Effie, Clara Mec, Lula Mc. and Joel K. 

Mr. and Mrs. Avera have reared four children — Clara Lavinia. 
James Walter, John Randolph and Charles Young. James W. married 
Maggie McMullen, and their three children are Mary Mec, Walter and 
James West. John R. married Beulah Whittington, and they are the 
parents of seven children, named Kathleen, Mary Jane, Virginia, John 
Randolph, Beulah, Benjamin W. and Dougald McDonald. Charles Y. 
first married Plorrie McMullen, who died leaving two children, Maggie 
Daisy and Charles Young; and for his second wife he married Bertice 
Smith, and has one son, Henry Randolph, and a daughter, Ruth. 

Mrs. Avera has five great-grandchildren. Her granddaughter, Mary 
Effie Hodges, married Joseph Austin Walker and has three children, 
Mary Bealer, Emma and Susan Tallulah. Her grandson. William L. 
Hicks, married Estelle Benedict and has a son Charles. Three other of 
her granddaughters are married — Cora Hicks, who married Mathew 
Fleming, Mary Mec Avera, who married Walter T. Horne, and Kath- 
leen Avera married Paul C. Smith. To be the head of such a family 
is a proud distinction. Mrs. Avera is a member of the Methodist church, 
as are all the children except one, who is a Baptist. 

Erasmus Douglas White. The town of Dublin, Georgia, has since 
the year 1896 known the operations of Erasmus Douglas White along 
varied lines of enterprise and activity. As a member of the firm of 
White & White, which carries on one of the principal business concerns 
in the city, he is prominent and popular, while he is not less a leading 
figure in the administration of the affairs of the city. He has served 
as a member of the council, as mayor pro ton. and has been in charge 
of the municipal water and lights departments, and in all those lines 
of activity he has shown himself an ideal citizen and an excellent man 
of business. 

Erasmus Douglas Wbite was born in Screven county, near what is 
now called Middleground Postoffiee. on November 24, 1865, and he is 
the son of Erasmus Downing and Mary Elizabeth (Southwell) White. 
both of whom were born in Screven county. The father was born in 
1836 and died in 1908, while the mother still lives and makes her home 
in Sylvania, Georgia. They became the parents of ten children, of 
which number two are deceased. The father was a farmer, and passed 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 753 

his life in that vocation, and he was also a veteran of the civil war, 
having served in the Confederate army. ' 

The early education of Erasmus D. White was secured in the coun- 
try schools of Screven county, and he alternated his school attendance 
with work on the home farm. With the close of his school period he 
gave himself to the continued work of farming and therein was occu- 
pied until he reached the age of thirty years, and it was about then 
that he first came to Dublin. His first association with the business 
interests in the city was in the capacity of a grocer, and after some 
little time he closed out his grocery interests and accepted a posi- 
tion as superintendent of the light and water plants of the city. He 
also served as clerk of the city council, and a period of seven years 
was passed in these connections. For four years he was buyer 
for the Four Seasons Department Store, and in 1909 he purchased 
the business of which he had been manager for some time, and with 
O. D. White, is now engaged in conducting that business. Mr. White 
is also interested in agricultural activities and owns some of the best 
farm land in the vicinity. 

Mr. White has given valued service to the city in many capacities. 
As a member of the city council in 1907 and 1908 he had a voice in 
one of the most successful administrations that the city has known, 
and during that time served as mayor pro tern. He has served as 
chairman of the street commissioners and of the light and water com- 
mittees, and in 1910 was elected to the state legislature from his 
district. During that time he was a member of the committee on 
appropriations, the judiciary committee, the education committee, and 
the banking committee. Mr. White is distinctly in favor of com- 
pulsory education, and his opinions and influence bear no little weight 
in all circles of thinking people in Dublin. 

On April 11, 1888, Mr. White was married to Miss Sarah J. McGee, 
a daughter of William H. and Rebecca McGee of Screven county. To 
them eight children have been born, named as follows : Eugene D., 
Rufus Lester, Tessie Sibley Lamar, Christopher Gadson, Cathleen, Brig- 
ham McGee, and William Herschel. 

Mr. and Mrs. White are members of the Methodist church, and bear 
an active and worthy part in the activities of that body. They are 
among the more prominent of the citizenship of Dublin, and in this city 
enjoy the friendship of a large circle of people, where they occupy a 
leading part in the best social activities of the community. 

Hon. Albert M. Deal. To have lived honorably and well, to have 
employed to advantage the talents with which he was endowed and to 
have served his fellow men with distinction in various capacities has 
been the record of Hon. Albert M. Deal, of Statesboro, Bulloch county, 
Georgia. Although still on the sunny side of the half-century mark he 
has fufilled all the duties of citizenship, has helped to frame the laws 
for his constituents and assists in their administration. His abilities 
have won him substantial recognition and in his district he is today 
considered a type of the honorable, dignified Southern gentleman. 

Statesboro was not the place of nativity of Mr. Deal, although he 
has spent the greater portion of his life there. He was born in 1868 
in the nearby community of Stilson, also in Bulloch county. His parents 
were John and Susan (McElveen) Deal, the former a native of Bulloch 
county and now deceased. He was the son of James Deal, who was 
born in eastern Tennessee and who came as a boy with his father. Simon 
Deal, to Burke county, Georgia. 

The Deals are one of the old families of this county. The great- 



754 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch was John Deal, one of 
three brothers who came to America not long before the Revolutionary 
war and took possession of a little island in Chesapeake bay. a part of 
Virginia. They located on this detached bit of the commonwealth and 
it is still known as Deal's island. John Deal subsequently went to 
North Carolina and thence to eastern Tennessee. 

Albert M. Deal was reared on the Deal place near Stilson and 
attended the local schools. He then took a two years' course in the 
academic department of Washington and Lee University at Lexington, 
Virginia, graduating in the schools of history and political science. 
He also studied law in that department of the same university, gradu- 
ating in the class of 1896. This was the last class taught by John 
Randolph Tucker, who died the following year. 

In 1896 Mr. Deal began the practice of his profession in Statesboro, 
the county seat of Bulloch county, and has been so engaged since that 
time. The bar of Statesboro is notable for its high standing in the 
matter of ability and for maintaining the best ethics of the profession, 
and among these gentlemen Mr. Deal achieved and has ever maintained 
a position of the highest standing. 

His knowledge of law, coupled with no little ability as a public 
speaker and a wide acquaintance among the people naturally drew his 
attention toward public affairs. He was solicitor for the county court 
of Bulloch county and later was chosen as county commissioner, serv- 
ing several years. For five years, beginning with 1900, he was a mem- 
ber of the state legislature, representing Bulloch county. In the general 
assembly much of his duties was concerned with the judiciary com- 
mittee, of which he was a member. He was one of the first to see the 
advantage of utilizing the labor of prisoners in making good roads. 
He had passed a special act by which Bulloch county was enabled to 
follow this plan, in advance of the general legislation on that subject 
which was later enacted. 

Although his profession is that of the law, Mr. Deal's largest inter- 
ests are those of agriculture. Reared on the farm, he has never given 
up his interest in or direct connection with the farming industry. 
Incorporated under the name of John Deal Company, he and other 
members of his family own over five thousand acres of agricultural land 
near Stilson, on which they carry on extensive farming, operating 
principally in cotton. 

In addition to this Mr. Deal's home place, a mile and a half south 
of Statesboro, is a tine farm of 154 acres. His residence here is an 
extensive and commodious structure of modern type, fitted up with 
every convenience. It is regarded as one of the most attractive coun- 
try seats in Bulloch county. Nearby, on the east, are the buildings 
and lands of the first congressional district agricultural school, 
credit, for the successful establishment of which at Statesboro was 
largely due to Mr. Deal's enterprise and public spirit. He headed the 
list with a subscription of $1,000 toward a fund for the purchase of 
three hundred acres of land to be given in order to assure the loca- 
tion of the school in this community. This fund grew to something 
over .+100.000. contributed by citizens of Statesboro and of Bulloch 
county. 

Mr! Deal holds membership in the Presbyterian church and in his 
social relations belongs to the Masonic fraternity and K. of P. He 
was married in Stilson to Miss Azalia Mae Strickland, a native of 
Bulloch county, and they have i\ve children— Eoscoff, Stothard. William 
J. S.. Ruby Ann and Ewell Morgan. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 755 

Col. J. Monroe Bussell. The young gentleman whose name stands 
at the head of this brief review is one of the promising members of 
his profession and at the present time holds the office of city attorney 
of Rochelle. In no profession is there a career more open to talent 
than is that of the law, and in no field of endeavor is there demanded 
a more careful preparation, a more thorough appreciation of the abso- 
lute ethics of life or of the underlying principles which form the basis 
of all human rights and privileges. Unflagging application and deter- 
mination fully to utilize the means at hand are the concomitants which 
insure personal success and prestige in this great profession, which 
stands as the stern conservator of justice ; and it is one into which none 
should enter without a recognition of the obstacles to be encountered 
and overcome and the battles to be won, for success does not perch on 
the banner of every person who enters the competitive fray, but comes 
only as the legitimate result of capacity. Possessing the requisite quali- 
ties of the able lawyer, Mr. Bussell doubtless has a successful career 
ahead of him. 

He is a native son of the state, his birth having occurred on March 
13, 1885, near Fitzgerald, Irwin county, Georgia, on a farm. His 
parents were J. M. Bussell and Mrs. Frances C. Bussell whose maiden 
name was Hill. Amid the scenes of his birth Colonel Bussell passed 
the roseate days of early youth, there remaining until sixteen -years of 
age. He received his early education in the public schools and subse- 
quently entered the school at Norman Park, where he studied for a 
time. He drank deeper of the "Pierian Spring" in the Georgia Nor- 
mal College and the business institute at Douglas, Georgia, and then 
entered Mercer University where he prepared for the profession, to 
which he hoped to devote his life. He entered in 1907 and was gradu- 
ated in 1911 with the well-earned degree of LL. B. While in college 
he was associated with no fraternity institution. Shortly after he 
located at Fitzgerald, where he remained but five months and then 
came to his present location at Rochelle, where he is engaged in gen- 
eral practice and where in the month of March he was elected to the 
office of city attorney, and re-elected in January, 1913. 

Colonel Bussell is one of a large family of children. His brother, 
J. A. Bussell, has for forty years been a farmer near Fitzgerald; a 
sister, Mahalie E., is the wife of Charles F. Dement; Isabella is the wife 
of J. Walter Ballenger; Amie E. is the wife of J. M. Fountain; and 
Pollie M. married Y. S. Gibbs, all of the aforementioned gentlemen 
being farmers in the vicinity of Fitzgerald. 

Colonel Bussell is a member of the Missionary Baptist church, South. 
He is popular in the community ; well informed, cordial and engaging. 

John Calvin May. A young man of excellent ability and sound 
judgment, John Calvin May is identified with one of the leading mer- 
cantile enterprises of Toombs county, as part owner, and the manager, 
of the Vidalia Furniture Company, of Viclalia, carrying on an extensive 
and highly remunerative business. A son of John May, he was born 
September 18, 1880, in Russell county, Alabama, near the state line, 
and not far from Columbus, Georgia. 

John May was born in Sumter county, Georgia, October 5, 1844, 
and was there reared to agricultural pursuits. In 1876 he moved to 
Alabama, and is still a resident of that state. During the Civil war 
he enlisted in Company F, Sixth Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which 
became a part of Colquitt's Brigade, and with his command partici- 
pated in many engagements of importance. On September 30, 1864, 
at Fort Harrison, Virginia, he received wounds of such serious nature 

vol. n— 1 5 



756 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

that he was unfitted for further duty in the army. He was twice mar- 
ried. He married first, October 23, 1868, Georgia Powell, who passed 
to the life beyond December 22, 1870. He married second, Fannie 
Powell, and they are the parents of six children, as follows: Lilla, 
wife of E. W. McLendon, a prominent planter of Omaha, Georgia ; 
John Calvin, the special subject of this brief sketch ; Georgia died at 
the age of ten years ; Charles W. died at the age of twenty years, hav- 
ing received injuries that proved fatal while playing football at the 
Auburn, Alabama, Polytechnic Institute ; Marie, a successful teacher 
in Russell county, Alabama; and Louise, who married Thomas Kirbo, 
of Omaha, Georgia, where they live, he being an extensive farmer and 
merchant. These children all received excellent educational advantages, 
with the exception of John Calvin, who began to hustle for himself 
when young, instead of continuing his studies. 

Leaving the home plantation when eighteen years of age, John 
Calvin May began life for himself as a clerk in a general store, and 
subsequently located at Omaha, Stewart county, where he bought out 
Lee Kirbo, and was engaged in mercantile business for eight years. 
Coming from there to Vidalia in 1910, Mr. May, in partnership with 
Charles E. Adams and John L. Sneed, organized the Vidalia Furniture 
Company, the only exclusive furniture house in this part of Toombs 
county, and has since been manager of the large business built up by 
this wide-awake firm. This company occupies a floor space of six thous- 
and, four hundred feet, which is devoted entirely to the display of 
its stock, which is valued at $5,000.00, and includes house furnishings of 
every description, from the kitchen to the parlor and the bed-rooms. 

Mr. May was postmaster at McLenden, Georgia, for two years, where 
he had a branch store, and was there at the same time, from 1903 until 
1905, agent for the Seaboard Air Line Railroad Company. He belongs 
to the Vidalia Chamber of Commerce, an organization of energetic and 
progressive business men, and is vice president of the Vidalia Ice & Coal 
Company, in which he is the heaviest stockholder. Fraternally he is 
a member, and master, of Vidalia Lodge, No. 330, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Order of Masons, which consists of one hundred members, 
and in which he has passed all the chairs; a member of the Oriental 
Order of Pilgrim Knights; and is a member, and master of finance, 
of the Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. May married first, February 5, 1902, Maggie W. Lee, a daugh- 
ter of Mrs. Sallie J. Lee, of Concord, Pike county, Georgia, Of the 
five children born of their union, three died in infancy ; John C. May, 
Jr., and Louis R. survive. Mr. May married second, June 29, 1908, 
Martha E. Powell, a young lady of sixteeen years, a daughter of Henry 
M. Powell, of Omaha, Georgia. Two children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. May, namely : Louis Ouida. who lived but one short year; and 
Marjorie Deane. 

Silas Morton Young. A life of industry and usefulness was that 
of Silas Morton Young, who for many years was a successful farmer 
resident of Brooks county and is now deceased. He represented some 
of the oldest and most prominent families of Georgia. 

He was born in Lowndes county on April 3, 1850. The Young 
family has been identified with Georgia since before the Revolution. 
William Young, great-grandfather of Silas M., was appointed to the 
council of safety in Savannah on June 22, 1775, and three weeks later 
represented the' town and district of Savannah in the meeting of the 
provincial congress. He was later a planter in Screven county. He 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 757 

married Mary Henderson, and both he and his wife were buried on a 
hill overlooking the valley of the Ogeeehee river in Screven county. 

James Young, the grandfather, whose birthplace was probably in 
Screven county, during his young manhood moved to Bulloch county, 
where he bought land and was engaged in farming with a number of 
slaves. He afterwards bought the Jones homestead adjoining his first 
purchase, and there he and his wife spent their last days. He mar- 
ried Lavinia Jones, through whom another old Georgia family is prop- 
erly introduced into this record. Her grandfather, Francis Jones, a 
native of AVales, who came to America in colonial times, lived for 
awhile in Virginia, and then became a pioneer settler of Burke county, 
Georgia. The deed to his land, given by the King of England and 
bearing the date of 1765, is now in possession of the descendant who 
owns the old homestead at Herndon, Burke county. Late in life Fran- 
cis Jones, having given this original homestead to a son, moved to 
Screven county, where he bought a considerable tract of land. He 
finally went on a visit to Virginia, where he died and was buried. He 
was twice married, the first time in Wales to Mary Robins, and second 
to Elizabeth Huckabee. Three children were born of the first wife, 
and seven of the second, and one of the latter was James Jones, the 
father of Lavinia, who married James Young. James Jones was born 
in Burke county in 1764 and on September 27, 1791, married Elizabeth 
Mills. They settled in Bulloch county, where he bought land and was 
engaged in farming until his death, after which his widow sold the 
estate and with some of her children came to Lowndes county. James 
Young and wife reared ten children. The only one now living is 
Sarah A., the widow of James Oliver Morton (see sketch elsewhere). 

Mathew Young, the son of James and father of Silas M., was a native 
of Bulloch county, where he was reared and married, and afterward 
came into southwest Georgia as one of the early settlers of Lowndes 
county. This was then a wilderness region, where wild game and 
Indians still abounded, and long before the railroads brought their 
attendant improvements and modern conditions. The cooking in the 
home was done at the fireplace, and the housewives carded, spun and 
wove the cloth with which all the family were dressed. Buying land 
in the southwest part of Lowndes county, Mathew Young improved a 
farm and lived upon it until his death. The maiden name of his wife 
was Emily Morton, who was born in Screven county, a daughter of 
Silas and Sabina (Archer) Morton and a sister of the late James Oliver 
Morton of Quitman (see sketch). She was a lineal descendant of the 
George Morton, an Englishman who joined the little colony at Leyden, 
Holland, and thence in the year 1622 crossed the Atlantic and settled 
among the other Pilgrims at Plymouth, Massachusetts. Through this 
Morton branch some members of the Young family can directly trace 
their ancestry to the oldest settlers of New England. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mathew Young reared seven children, named as follows : Michael, 
who settled in Nankin district of Brooks county ; William, a soldier 
of the Civil war, who gave his life to the Southern cause on the field 
of battle ; James, who served four years in the Confederate army and 
afterwards settled in Coryell county, Texas ; Arminta, who married 
Isaiah Tillman of Lowndes county ; Mathew, who settled in Hunt 
county ; and Silas Morton, a brief sketch of whose career is now to be 
given. 

After spending his youth on the family homestead he bought some 
land in the eastern part of Brooks county, where he resided until 1878, 
when he sold his place. He then bought a tract of a thousand acres 
six. miles north of Quitman and engaged in farming and stock raising 



758 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

on an extensive and successful scale. He gradually added to his land 
holdings until at the time of his death they comprised upwards of 
twenty-five hundred acres, and he was one of the largest land owners 
of Brooks county. He had most of this land well improved and culti- 
vated. A commodious residence, built in colonial style with broad 
verandas and as comfortable inside as it was attractive without, situ- 
ated in a grove of fruit and native trees, was the home in which he 
spent the happiest years of his life, and where he died. The late Mr. 
Young was a director of the First National Bank of Quitman, was a 
Democrat in politics, and served his community several years as mem- 
ber of the school board. Fraternally he was affiliated with Shalto 
Lodge, F. & A. M. 

Silas M. Young married, on October 17, 1871, Miss Ivy Johnson, 
who was born in what is now Brooks county and is still a resident on 
the homestead in the Morven district of this county. Her great-grand- 
father was Jonathan Johnson, who was a soldier of the Revolution and 
also fought in the Indian wars, and spent his last days in Tattnall 
county, Georgia. Her grandfather was Benjamin Johnson, Sr., who 
married Patsy Lane, and both were lifelong residents of Tattnall 
county. Benjamin Johnson, Jr., Mrs. Young's father, became one of 
the pioneer settlers of Brooks county, living there until his death in 
1860, at the early age of twenty-seven. He married Mary Simmons, a 
native of Lowndes county. Her father, Ivy Simmons, a native of 
North Carolina, became a pioneer settler of Montgomery county, Geor- 
gia, where he resided for a time, and then came to Lowndes county and 
later to the east side of Brooks county, where he spent the rest of his 
life. He married Piety Joyce, who was a daughter of Henry Joyce, 
an early settler in South Georgia. Mary (Simmons) Johnson sur- 
vived her husband more than half a century, her death oecumng 
when she was eighty-seven years old. She reared two children, Mrs. 
Young and her brother, Benjamin, who now lives on the old Johnson 
homestead. 

Mr. and Mrs. Young were the parents of the following children : 
Arminta Creech ; Lane ; Briggs : Morton ; Rachel ; Lavinia ; James, who 
died at the age of twenty-one ; and Annie, who died aged eighteen. 

Atys Perlette Hilton. In praising the foiuiders of great enter- 
prises, and lauding their farsightedness and their initiative, we often 
pass lightly over the work of a no less important class of men. that is 
those who take up the work which the pioneers have begxm and carry 
it on successfully. They, too, must be men of force and executive 
ability. Such a man is Atys Perlette Hilton, cashier of the Commer- 
cial Bank of Dublin, Georgia. As yet only in his prime he has accom- 
plished much, and is regarded as one of the strong men of his home city. 

Atys Perlette Hilton was born in Sylvania. Georgia, on July 9. 
1869. His father was James L. Hilton, of Taylor county, this state, and 
his mother, before her marriage, was Mary Lanier, a native of Screven 
county, Georgia. Mr. Hilton is the possessor of a good education, 
having received his preparatory education in the public schools of 
Sylvania, and completing his work at Emory College, one of the best 
colleges in the state of Georgia. After his graduation, which took 
place in 1895, and in which he was given the degree of A. B.. Mr. Hil- 
ton taught school for a year and a half in his old home, Sylvania. He 
then came to Dublin and purchased the Dublin Dispatch. Here he 
gained Ins practical knowledge of journalism, a knowledge that after- 
wards aided him in making a success of his newspaper enterprises. 

For a number of vears Mr. Hilton worked for this newspaper, also 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 759 

for the consolidated Dublin Courier-Dispatch, and in 1907 he pur- 
chased the Dublin Times. In 1910 Mr. Hilton was appointed clerk o5 
the city council, and he served in this position until 1911. With the 
organization of the Commercial Bank in 1911, in which Mr. Hilton 
took a very active part, he was elected cashier, and has held this office 
until the present time. 

On March 1-1, 1899, Mr. Hilton was married to Luella Gilbert, of 
Albany, Georgia. She was the daughter of John and Lula Gilbert. 
Her father is now dead, but her mother is alive and makes her home 
with Mr. and Mrs. Hilton. In the fraternal world Mr. Hilton is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias. 

Capt. George Archibald Jackson. Probably none of the colonial 
Georgia families through the different generations have given more 
worthy and efficient members to the varied professional, business and 
civic life of the state than the Jackson family, a prominent representa- 
tive of which is Captain Jackson of Adel, Berrien county. 

Of Scotch-Irish parentage, Benjamin Jackson, the founder of the 
family in Georgia, was a native of Virginia, whence he moved to North 
Carolina, settling in the Peedee river district, fought the British armies 
during the Revolution, and soon after that war came to Georgia and 
was one of the pioneers of Hancock county, while one of his brothers 
settled in Greene county. Benjamin was the great-grandfather of Cap- 
tain Jackson. 

John Jackson, grandfather, was horn in Hancock county, Georgia, 
afterwards bought land in Screven county, employing a number of slaves 
in its cultivation, and resided there until his death, both he and his wife 
being buried in Sparta. On coming to Screven county soon after his 
marriage he bought land near the Ogeechee river, but from there moved 
to Hudson's Ferry, which continued his home until his death at the age 
of eighty-seven. John Jackson Avas a soldier of the War of 1812, so 
that the Jackson family has been represented in practically all of the 
great wars of the nation. The maiden name of his wife was Sarah Whit- 
field, and she was born in Putnam county, and her brother AVilliam 
lived in that county and another brother in Jackson county. Sarah 
(Whitfield) Jackson attained to a ripe old age, and she reared ten chil- 
dren, whose names were Thomas, John, William, George L., Andrew, 
Robert, Loreta, Sarah, Martha and one whose name is not now recalled. 

Of this family, George Lewis Jackson was the father of Captain 
Jackson. He was born in Screven county on the 11th of February, 1811. 
During his youth he was converted and joined the Newington Mission- 
ary Baptist church, which he served as clerk for seven years, was licensed 
to preach in 1846 and the following year ordained at Newington. He 
was missionary for three years in the counties of Screven, Burke, Effing- 
ham and Chatham, and later spent many years of devoted service as 
pastor at different churches in these same counties, baptizing upwards 
of a thousand persons. He continued in the active work of his church 
until two weeks before his death, which occurred in his ninety-first year. 
His remains now rest in the Little Buckhead churchyard near Millen 
in Jenkins county. 

Rev. George L. Jackson married Elizabeth Zetrower on April 18, 
1836. She was born in Effingham county, a daughter of Solomon Zet- 
rower, whose ancestors had come to Georgia with the Sulzbergers and 
settled at Ebenezer. She died in June, 1859, and left four children, 
namely: George A., Ann Lavinia, Solomon Z. and Julia E. Solomon 
Z. died unmarried ; Ann L. married Dr. Thomas J. Ward of Burke 
county ; and Julia E. married Dr. Edward Perkins, of Burke county. 



760 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

George Archibald Jackson was born in Screven county, Georgia, May 
21, 1839. During his youth he attended the public schools of Sylvania 
and also the high school. In November, 1860, he and 'some other asso- 
ciates formed a military company known as the Ogeechee Rifles. The 
Confederate records show that George A. Jackson was successively third, 
second and first lieutenant, with Andrew J. Williams as captain of the 
Rifles. Later the organization became Company D, then Company B, 
and finally Company K of the Twenty-fifth Georgia Infantry, C. S. A. 
The company was mustered into the Confederate service at Savannah on 
August 8, 1861. The Federal records show that George A. Jackson, 
captain of this company, was paroled in Augusta the 22d of May. 1865. 
From August, 1861, until the spring of 1863 Captain Jackson, with his 
command, was engaged in coast defense in Georgia, Soi;th and North 
Carolina, after which he joined the western army in Mississippi. With 
the fall of Vicksburg he went into Tennessee, participating at the battle 
of Chickamauga, and then fought Sherman's army all the way to 
Atlanta. When that city surrendered, he was ordered into Hood's com- 
mand, with Avhich he participated in the battles of Jonesboro, Franklin, 
Murfreesboro and Nashville. Captain Jackson was next sent into Mis- 
sissippi and after a short time to South Carolina, being with the south- 
ern forces that interrupted Sherman's march at Branchville early in 
February, 1865, and also fought at Rays and Binache's bridges and at 
Orangeburg. At the last named place he was severely wounded and 
taken to the hospital at Columbia, being among those made prisoners 
when that city fell, and he was an eye witness of the burning of Colum- 
bia. In that city he remained in confinement until the end of the strug- 
gle a few weeks later, when his father sent a horse and cart to convey 
him back home. During his long and arduous service he was five times 
wounded, but not seriously until at Orangeburg. 

As soon as he was able to get about on crutches, Captain Jackson 
commenced teaching school in Burke county and continued teaching four 
years. In the meantime he had. married and bought a farm in Burke 
county, and there he lived and was engaged in the quiet pursuits of 
the soil for nearly twenty years. In 1884 he moved to Morgan county. 
and a year later to Walton county, where he bought a farm and resided 
until 1893. He was a resident of Irwin county about seven years, in 
1900 came to Adel, living in town four years, and then bought a farm 
in Brooks county, on which he resided until 1909, since which date his 
residence has again been in Adel. 

Captain Jackson has been well prospered in life and has a fine family. 
He was married on the 17th of January, 1866. to Lavinia Jamieson 
Zealy. Their marriage was the result of a rather romantic meeting, 
as will be mentioned. She was born at Orangeburg. South Carolina. 
October 8, 1843. Her grandfather, James Zealy. of English ancestry, 
was a native of Beaufort, South Carolina, as was also her father. Joseph 
T. Zealy. The maiden name of her grandmother was Rebecca Parsonage. 
Joseph T. Zealy, the father, learned the trade of carpenter, and was a 
carpenter and contractor of Orangeburg for a number of years. Later 
he acquired the then new art of photography, and had a gallery in 
Columbia and was in active business there until the city was captured 
and burned by the Federals on February 15. 1865. [lis home and gal- 
lery were both destroyed by the flames, but as soon as the bricks were 
cold he began cleaning them, and with this old material erected a 
building which he named the Phoenix. Financially he was at the very 
bottom, and with a capital of five dollars which he borrowed he engaged 
in mercantile business on a very modest scale. In a few years he was 
again fairly prosperous and finally sold out his business and lived retired. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA .76 L 

Hjs death occurred at the home of Captain and Mrs. Jackson in Walton 
county. The maiden name of his wife was Sarah Badger, who was born 
in Charleston, a daughter of James and Mary (Bell) Badger, both 
natives and lifelong residents of Charleston. Mrs. Zealey died in 
Charleston while on a visit to that city. She reared four children, 
Lavinia J., Anna, Richard and Mary G. Richard Zealey was a Con- 
federate soldier, being a member of what was first known as the Rich- 
land Rifles, and later as Company A of the Fifteenth South Carolina 
Infantry. He was wounded in the battle of the Wilderness in June, 
1864, and he died at home a month later as a result of these wounds. He 
had gone into the war when fifteen years old. His sister Lavinia, as a 
member of the Ladies Relief Corps, was one of the devoted southern 
women who carried the cheer of their presence and practical aid into 
the hospitals of the sick and wounded, and it was during these visits 
to the Columbia hospital that she met Captain Jackson, who soon after 
the war became her husband. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jackson reared seven children : S. Annabel, Lizzie T. ? 
George L., Caroline W., Joseph Zealy, Henry Lee, Robert F., and a 
daughter Mamie who died at the age of seventeen months. S. Annabel 
married Jesse L. Watkins and has five children, Archie Jackson, Wil- 
liam Mason, Jesse Bernard, Thomas S. and Winnie Bell. Lizzie T. 
married James Cooper, and their children are John Zealey, Lucille and 
Keith L. George married Miss Nannie Bracken and has one son, George 
Archibald. Caroline became the wife of Eugene M. Horn, and their 
children are Mattie C, Fannie E., E. M. and' Lorell. Joseph L. mar- 
ried Evelyn Cunningham and has two children, Charles E. and Evelyn. 
Henry L., who married Alice Kent, has two children, Henry Lee and 
Flora A. Robert F. married Lela Wilkerson, and their children are 
Ouida and Robert Lee. The grandson, Archie J. Watkins, married 
Anna Miller, and their children, Archie Jackson, Jr., and Annabel, 
are the great-grandchildren of Captain and Mrs. Jackson. The captain 
and his wife are members of the Baptist church. 

Joseph Zealy Jackson. Two of the sons of Capt. G. A. Jackson 
took up the profession of law and are now among the leading attorneys 
of Berrien county, the firm being J. Z. and H. L. Jackson at Adel. 

The senior partner, Joseph Zealy Jackson, was born on the 27th 
of September, 1877, during the residence of his parents on a farm in 
Burke county. From his father and mother, who were both educated 
and cultured people, he received his first lessons and studied under 
their direction until he was about twelve years old, when he first at- 
tended the neighborhood school. He was also a student in the high 
school at Arabi in Dooly county, and later in a special school taught by 
Mrs. M. E. Fields at Sycamore, this state. 

As the beginning of his practical career he learned the printing 
trade, and for about three years was employed in the offices of different 
newspapers. From that he turned his attention to law and entered 
Mercer University, where he was graduated in the law department in 
the class of 1900. For twelve years he has been actively engaged in 
his profession at Adel, and has gained recognition as an able lawyer, well 
versed in both the law and its practice. He has served five years as city 
attorney for Adel. In 1901 he prepared the code of ordinances for the 
town and revised it in 1912. In polities he is a democrat. 

Mr. Jackson has fraternal affiliations with Adel Lodge No. 310, F. & 

A. M., Daisy Chapter No. 82, R. A. M., Malta Commandery No. 16, 

K. T., and is also a member of Adel Lodge No. 178 of the Knights of 

' Pythias. He and his wife are members of the Methodist church. As 



762. SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

mentioned in the sketch of his father, Mr. Jackson was married to Miss 
Evelyn Cunningham, and their children are Charles E._ and Evelyn. 

Henry Lee Jackson, son of Capt. George A. Jackson and junior 
partner in the law firm of J. Z. and H. L. Jackson at Adel, was born 
on the home farm in Burke county in 1879. 

Reared on a farm, his father and mother being his first teachers, 
he continued his education in the public schools. He remained at home 
until twenty-one years of age, when he went to Macon and there learned 
the trade of carpentering, which he followed six years. He then 
took up the study of law and entered the law department of Mercer 
University, where he was graduated in 1908. In that year he formed 
the partnership with his brother, and their combined ability has brought 
them a large and successful practice. Mr. Henry L. Jackson affiliates 
with Adel Lodge No. 310, F. & A. M., and he and his wife are members 
of the Baptist church. He married Miss Alice Kent, and they are the 
parents of two children, Henry Lee and Flora A. 

Rev. David Jesse Miller. Coming from pioneer and Revolution- 
ary stock, Rev. David Jesse Miller is distinguished not only for the 
honored ancestry from which he is descended, but for his own good 
life and works, having been intimately associated with the develop- 
ment and advancement of the agricultural and industrial prosperity 
of Ware county, and being now a member of the board of county com- 
missioners, and an esteemed resident of Waycross. A son of Capt. 
David J. Miller, he was born, November 11, 1847, near Waresboro, 
Georgia, His greatgrandfather, William Miller, presumably a native 
of South Carolina, served as a soldier in the Revolutionary war. and 
afterwards settled in Georgia, becoming a pioneer of Bulloch county, 
where he spent his closing years of life. 

Henry Miller, Mr. Miller's grandfather, spent his early life in Bul- 
loch county, Georgia. Subsequently locating, in pioneer times in 
Ware county, he bought land near Waresboro, and on the farm which 
he cleared and improved resided until his death, at the advanced age 
of eighty-three years, his body being then laid to rest in Kettle Creek 
cemetery, beside that of his wife. He reared four sons, William. Ste- 
phen, Henry, and David J., and two daughters, Nancy and Susan. 

Capt. David J. Miller was born on the home farm in Bulloch 
county, Georgia, being there reared amid pioneer scenes, for in the 
days of his youth AVare county was a frontier region, over which the 
Indians roamed at will, frequently proving very troublesome to the 
white settlers. Joining the militia when young, he was made captain 
of a company, which he led against the savages. There were then two 
forts in this vicinity, one being located at Waresboro. and the other 
on the present site of Waycross, and whenever the Indians were on 
the war path the women and children took refuge in these forts, 
while the men pursued and fought the redskins. During all of his 
earlier life there were no railroads in the state, and he used to market 
his cotton and surplus farm products in Centerville and Saint Marys, 
fifty miles away, journeying there and back with teams, on his return 
trip being loaded with whatever merchandise was needed for family 
use, and for which he had invested the proceeds received from his 
cotton and other farm productions. He was quite stiecessful as an 
agriculturist, and resided on his homestead until his death, at the 
age of seventy-two years. He married Loanza Dyer, who was born in 
Tattnall county, Georgia, and died in Bulloch county, when sixty- 
seven years old. The union of Captain and Mrs. Miller was blessed 





fovM^ 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 763 

by the birth of twelve children, as follows : William, Henry, Thomas, 
James, David J., Stephen F., Nancy, Mary, Caroline, Susan, Serena', 
and Anna. 

Leaving home at the age of twenty-one years, David Jesse Miller 
purchased land in Ware county, near AVaycross, and for a few years 
successfully carried on general farming. While thus occupied he 
became interested in the turpentine industry, which was one of great 
importance and value, and, having removed to Waycross, was engaged 
in the manufacture of turpentine for ten years. Of late, however, 
Mr. Miller has devoted his time and energies to his official duties, since 
1908 having rendered efficient service as county commissioner, and to 
his ministerial work, in which he has been actively engaged for up- 
wards of thirty years. Mr. Miller united with the Methodist Episco- 
pal church as a youth, and in 1879 was licensed as a local preacher, 
and has since preached in various places in Ware and near-by counties, 
being an effective and popular speaker. 

Rev. Mr. Miller married, in 1869, Serena C. Sweat, who was born, 
in October, 18-17, on a farm near Waycross, being a daughter of James 
and Mary (Blackburn) Sweat. Mrs. Miller passed to the life beyond 
in February, 1910, leaving five children, namely : Mollie, who mar- 
ried J. L. Stephens, and has eight children ; Cora, wife of A. J. Wil- 
liams, has seven children ; Lovina married J. P. Lide, and they are 
the parents of five children ; Delia, wife of W. W. Webster, has four 
children ; and James T., the only son, married Minnie Davidson, and 
they have eight children. 

George Perry Leggett. The ex-mayor of Adel in Berrien county 
is one of the progressive and enterprising young citizens of south 
Georgia, and by his ability and industry has acquired influence and 
leadership in his community. Mr. Leggett is a fine type of the young 
men who now and in subsequent years must share the increasing re- 
sponsibilities for the development and welfare of their state. 

George Perry Leggett was born at Nay lor in Lowndes county on the 
31st of July, 1879. His father, George W. Leggett, a native Georgian, 
was reared on a farm and was a young man at the time of the Civil war. 
Enlisting in one of the Georgia regiments, he went to Virginia and saw 
a long and arduous service in General Longstreet's corps, doing a soldier's 
duty until the close of hostilities. Afterwards locating at Naylor, he 
was engaged in farming there until 1890, then bought a farm in Tay- 
lor county, Florida, but three years later became one of the first citizens 
of the newly established town of Adel, where he engaged in the mercan- 
tile business a number of years. At the present writing he is farming 
near Milltown in Berrien county. The maiden name of his wife was Mat- 
tie Perry, who was born at Troupville, the one-time county seat of 
Lowndes county. Her father, William R. Perry, who was a pioneer 
settler in Lowndes county, afterward moved to Belleville, Florida, 
where he spent the rest of his days. Mattie (Perry) Leggett died in 
1896. She was the mother of two sons, the younger, John Lewis, dying 
at the age of eighteen. 

George P. Leggett received his education in the public schools of 
Naylor, in Florida and at Adel, during the residence of the family at 
these different places. As a boy he also assisted his father in the man- 
agement of the store, and at the age of nineteen began his independent 
career in the railroad service, with which he has been identified ever 
since. His first experience was in the station at Adel, and a year later 
he was appointed station agent for the Georgia & Alabama at Rhine, 
where he remained a year. He then secured a transfer to the Adel 



764 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

station on the Georgia Southern & Florida line, and faithfully performed 
his duties there for seven years. At the end of that period Mr. Leggett 
took an excursion into other lines of business, and for three and a half 
years conducted a lumber yard at Adel. He then returned to railroad 
service as joint agent at Adel for the Georgia & Florida and the South 
Georgia & West Coast railways. This office has been under his manage- 
ment to the present time. 

Mr. Leggett served two terms as mayor of Adel, and previously 
served as member of the town council. In politics he is a Democrat. 
He affiliates with the lodges of the Knights of Pythias and the order 
of Odd Fellows at Adel, and is one of the popular men of this com- 
munity. He was married in 1900 to Miss Eva Rebecca Dopson, who 
was born at McRae in Telfair county, a daughter of Robert and Rebecca 
Dopson. Mr. and Mrs. Leggett are the parents of one son, named Julian. 

Lucius M. Stanpill. From a farm hand at wages of three dollars 
a month to one of the most prosperous and enterprising merchants and 
bankers of Lowndes county, is a brief statement of the business career 
of Lucius M. Stanfill, of Hahira. To his own industry and integrity 
he has added an implicit trust in Providence and devoted service of his 
Lord, and he believes that his prosperity has come as a reward of his 
faith and works. 

A native of Brooks county, where he was born on the 4th of January, 
1864, he was the youngest child of Jesse John and Rebecca Miley 
(Tyson) Stanfill. It is thought that his father was born in one of the 
Carolinas. He was a carpenter by trade, following that occupation in 
Brooks county for some years. He was a soldier of the South in the 
war between the states, and his death occurred not long after he had 
returned from the front. The mother was a native of Thomas county, 
belonging to, a pioneer family of that section. Her children were Joseph 
T., Mattie S. and Lucius M., and after the father's death she coura- 
geously managed to keep her family together until they became indepen- 
dent. Her death occurred at the age of fifty-two. 

Lucius M. was a child when his father died; and as soon as old 
enough began earning his own living and contributing to the support of 
his mother. His first work was as a boy on a farm, getting $3 at the end 
of each month of labor. After several years spent in this way. he 
cropped land on the shares, and thus gradually got ahead a little. 
When eighteen years old he was converted and has ever since been a 
devout member of the Missionary Baptist church. Believing that all 
blessings come from the Lord, after his marriage he resolved to give a 
tenth of his profits to the Master's work. His wife did the same, tak- 
ing a tenth of the proceeds from her poultry, dairy and garden. This 
plan had hardly been put into effect when prosperity came upon them 
and has been increasing ever since. 

For seven years he operated the Richard Seraggs farm in Brooks 
county, and then came to Lowndes county, where he continued farming 
until 1895. In that year he became a cotton buyer for A. P. Brantley 
& Company, and also agent for the products of the Valdosta Guano 
Company. In 1901 he organized the Farmers Supply Company, of 
which he is half owner and superintendent, A. J. Strickland of Val- 
dosta being president of the company. This company has at Hahira 
a large store for an extensive stock of general merchandise — furniture, 
stoves, etc., and also a fire-proof warehouse for a stock of wagons, car- 
riages and farm implements. Besides this enterprise. Mr. Stanfill in 
1911 erected in Hahira a two-story building, forty by eighty feet, with 
pressed-hrick front, which is one of the finest business blocks in south 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 765 

Georgia, and there established a large business under his own name and 
proprietorship. His stock comprises pianos, sewing machines, etc., and 
in a warehouse he handles such farm implements as are not carried by 
the Farmers Supply Company. Through these two concerns the 
customers of town and a large surrounding territory are supplied with 
nearly everything used at the home and farm. 

At the organization of the Bank of Hahira in 1905, Mr. Stanfill be- 
came one of the directors, and since 1911 has held the office of presi- 
dent. He is owner of large tracts of land about Hahira as well as 
town property, and his influence in business and in citizenship extends 
to many directions. He is a director of the Georgia, Alabama & West- 
ern Railway, and is president of the Hahira Bell Telephone Company. 
During his boyhood he had little opportunity to gain an education, and 
during his own prosperous career has done all he could to extend the 
facilities of schools to the children of his generation. He has served as 
a member of the town school board and council, and is one of the trus- 
tees of the Oak Lawn Academy in Milltown. In national polities he is 
a Democrat, and is one of the zealous workers for the cause of prohibi- 
tion. He has served as elector at large on the last two Prohibition 
presidential tickets. 

Mr. Stanfill was married in 1885 to Miss Martha Belote, who was 
born in Lowndes county, a daughter of William and Martha (Barfield) 
Belote. They are the parents of three children, Minnie Lee. Mary 
Avey and Stephen. The daughter Minnie is the wife of B. L. Wilkin- 
son, and they have a daughter named Mary Grace. 

For more than a quarter of a century Mr. and Mrs. Stanfill have 
lived lives of trust in divine beneficence. The quality of his belief is 
well illustrated in the lesson he draws from the following incident. A 
number of years ago, while working among his bees and after hiving 
two swarms, he gave an orphan boy the choice of either swarm. Later 
in the same season, from the swarm which he kept, he took first $6 worth 
and later $2.80 worth of honey. From his other hives he got only a 
little honey from some and none at all from others. In this respect 
men are like bees, says Mr. Stanfill, that some will gather much, others 
little, and some nothing at all. In his own case he is assured that 
Providence has bestowed upon him the many rewards of a prosperous 
career. 

Edward Joseph Smith, M. D. The senior member of the medical 
profession at Hahira, Dr. Smith is both a successful and skillful physi- 
cian and also a progressive citizen and busines man of this community. 

Edward Joseph Smith is a native of Leesburg, South Carolina, where 
he was born October 20, 1872. The family were originally of Virginia, 
but the grandfather Smith was probably born in Edgecomb county, 
South Carolina, and spent most of his life there as a planter, operating 
his lands with slave labor. Grant S. Smith, father of the doctor, was 
born in Edgecomb county, and being a young man at the time of the 
war between the states he enlisted in a South Carolina regiment of cav- 
alry, under the command of General, later Senator, Butler. His regi- 
ment was part of the Army of Northern Virginia, and he experienced a 
long and varied service in this principal seat of the war, including the 
Gettysburg campaign and the battles and movements about Richmond 
and Petersburg. He was never captured nor wounded, though several 
horses were shot from under him. When the war was over he came 
to Georgia and established a store and stock yard at Augusta, where 
he w T as successfully engaged in business until 1875. Failing health then 
caused him to sell out, and he spent his last days at Leesburg, South 



766 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Carolina, where he died in 1879. He married Elizabeth Grout, and she 
is still living, her home being in Augusta. She is a native of South 
Carolina, and her father, Uriah Crout, also born in tliat state and of 
German parentage, was a planter in the vicinity of Leesville until after 
the war, when he was engaged in mercantile business at Leesville, and 
lived to the ripe age of eighty-nine years. The three children of Grant 
S. Smith and wife are: Inez, the widow of W. D. Van Pelt, a former 
attorney at Augusta; Edward Joseph; and Harry L., who is in the 
service of the C. & W. C. Railroad Company at Augusta. 

Dr. Smith spent his youth in Augusta, where he attended the pub- 
lie schools and Horton Institute. Early in life he made choice of medi- 
cine for his career, and in preparation he entered the medical depart- 
ment of the State University, where he was graduated M. D. in April, 
1899. For the first two years he was engaged in practice at Augusta, 
and located at Hahira in 1901. He has a large practice and is a member 
of the county and state medical societies. The doctor is also secretary 
and treasurer of the Georgia, Alabama & Western Railroad Company. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and has been a member of the town council 
two years. His fraternal associations are with Pine Camp Xo. 265, 
W. 0. W. 

June 1, 1898, Dr. Smith married Miss Nellie Regina Mahoney, who 
was born in Augusta, a daughter of John J. and Mary Mahoney. Dr. 
Smith and wufe are parents of three children : Virgil C, John Raymond 
and Dorothy. 

• John A. Hodges. A native and lifelong resident of Lowndes county, 
the owner of many broad and fertile acres near Hahira, John A. Hodges 
has succeeded in life through ability and well timed industry, and has 
long been a prosperous and influential citizen of his community. He 
was born in Lowndes county on the 11th of February, 1849, and repre- 
sents one of the old and prominent families of south Georgia. • 

His grandfather Nathan Hodges was, so far as known, a native Geor- 
gian, and about 1828 moved from Tattnall county to Lowndes county, 
settling some five miles south of the present site' of Hahira. Lowndes 
county then comprised a much greater territory than at present, with 
Franklinville the county seat, which was subsequently transferred to 
Troupville. Nearly all the land was under state ownership, and directly 
from the commonwealth Grandfather Hodges bought a lot of four hun- 
dred and ninety acres, nearly all timber. His family were sheltered 
under tents while he was erecting the first log-cabin home. For many 
miles around no mills had yet been built. He had brought with him a 
steel mill, operated by hand, for grinding grain, and this became such 
an institution that the neighbors brought their packs of corn long dis- 
tances to be ground into meal. The date of the Hodges settlement was 
also several years previous to the final expulsion of the Florida Indians, 
and it was a not infrequent occurrence that marauding bands crossed 
the border and disturbed' the south Georgians. A log fort stood on 
the grandfather's place during these years, and it several times shel- 
tered the inhabitants of this vicinity while hostile redskins were near. 
On this old homestead the grandfather and his wife spent their last 
years. They reared eight children, three sons and five daughters, 
namely: John, Daniel, Aleck, Elsie, Eliza. Caroline, Maria and Polly. 
Of tins family John was the father of John A. Hodges. He was 
born in Tattnall county, being nineteen years old when his parents came 
to Lowndes county. He was one of the militia or minutemen of the 
settlement during the period of Indian strife, and also participated in 
the final struggles that broke the power of the red men. These occurred 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 767 

in 1836, in which year there were three Indian battles, including the 
well-known conflict at Brush Creek, when the Indians made their las{ 
stand. On attaining his majority John Hodges bought a lot of land 
consisting of four hundred and ninety acres, and gave what was then con- 
sidered a very good price for it, $50, a sum which would hardly buy one 
acre now. Not a railroad had yet come into this region. Marketing 
was difficult, and for several years the cotton from his and other planta- 
tions was hauled by team and wagon to Newport, Florida. He estab- 
lished on his farm one of the old cotton gins operated by mule power, 
its capacity during a long day's run being half a bale. He improved and 
developed a considerable quantity of land in this vicinity, and continued 
his residence there until his death in 1875 at the age of sixty-six years. 
The maiden name of his wife was Julia Ann Boyd, and she was a daugh- 
ter of Banar and Sarah Boyd, also early settlers of Lowndes county. 
Her death occurred in 1872. Her twelve children were named as fol- 
lows: Hardy, Polly Ann, Sarah J., Thomas B., Susan, George, John A., 
Julia, Laura. Charlotte, Henry B. and Samuel H. 

The pioneer scenes which have been above referred to had not yet 
vanished from this section of Georgia during the childhood and youth 
of John A. Hodges, and his memory goes back to the time when deer, 
wild turkey and other wild game were plentiful among the sparse set- 
tlements. His mother did all her cooking at a fireplace, no stoves having 
yet been introduced, and she carded, wove and spun the wool or cotton 
or flax with which she dressed all the family in homespun. In such a 
household John A. acquired early habits of industry. His assistance 
when a boy was given to the farm labor, and when the weather did not 
permit outdoor labor he helped his mother at the wheel or loom. He is 
one of few men living who were once skilled in the old-fashioned art of 
spinning and weaving. Mechanical skill was one of nature's gifts to 
him, and though he never learned a trade for a regular vocation he had 
a practical craft for various lines of handiwork, and during his youth 
earned all his spending money through this skill, never calling on his 
father to supply him a cent. At the age of fourteen he made a sub- 
stantial but plain saddle, which he sold for $10. Buying some brass 
tacks, he ornamented his next saddle, and secured $15 for it. He also 
made shoes. 

When he was twenty-one he began his career as an independent 
farmer by working a tract of his father's land for half the crop. Four 
years later he bought two hundred and fifty acres at $2 an acre, paying 
two hundred in cash and obligating himself for the balance with twenty 
per cent interest. It took him six years to clear himself of the interest 
and principal. At his father's death he inherited land worth $300 and 
also bought the share of a sister. He later bought a tract of six hundred 
acres a mile north of Hahira, going in debt $2,400 with interest at 
fifteen per cent. It is on this latter land that he has spent most of 
his career as a general farmer. He has long been known as a practical 
farmer, one who could produce profits from his land, and besides his own 
prosperity his example has been valuable to the general welfare of this 
agricultural region. In 1912 Mr. Hodges moved to an attractive modern 
home which he had built on land adjoining the town of Hahira. His 
land holdings embrace upwards of fourteen hundred acres in the vicinity 
of Hahira, and for this material evidence of prosperity he owes all to 
his own efforts and good management. 

At the age of thirty-two Mr. Hodges married Miss Susan L. Law- 
son. She is a native of Lowndes county, and a daughter of John and 
Mary A. (Sineth) Lawson. On the paternal side she is descended from 
Ashley Lawson (see sketch of Irvine and L. F. Lawson). Her mother 



768 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

was a daughter of William and Mary Sineth. The following children 
compose the family of Mr. and Mrs. Hodges: Lewis, Corine, Perry 
(deceased ), Slater, Edward, Irene, Louell, Robert T. and' Bevins. Lewis 
married Sally Marshall and has two children, Anna Lee and John Lewis. 
Corine is the widow of James Hall. 

James B. Bagley, M. D. Noteworthy for his keen intelligence, 
professional knowledge and skill, James A. Bagley, M. D., is meeting 
with excellent success as a physician, since locating at Waycross hav- 
ing acquired an excellent patronage. A native of Georgia, he was 
born, January 16, 1866, in Ware county, which was likewise the birth- 
place of his father, Berrien Bagley. 

His paternal grandfather, Ransom Bagley, was a Virginian born 
and bred. As a young man he removed to North Carolina, being 
accompanied by two of his brothers, one of whom settled in Raleigh, 
that state, while the other brother located in Alabama. He, himself, 
came to Georgia, and having purchased land in Ware county carried 
on general farming with the help of slaves for a number of years, 
but subsequently removed to Florida, where he spent the remainder 
of his life. 

Born in Ware county in 1815, Berrien Bagley was reared to agri- 
cultural pursuits, and when ready to begin life for himself bought 
land lying within three miles of the parental estate, and continued 
life as a farmer. There were no railways in the state when he was 
young, and he was forced to haul the surplus productions of his farm 
with teams to Savannah, a distance of one hundred miles, but ere 
his death there was a railroad within six miles of his home. Honest, 
industrious, and a good manager, he was very successful in his call- 
ing, acquiring a competency. On the farm which he improved he spent, 
his last days, passing away in January, 1908, at the venerable age of 
eighty-three years. He married Eliza Thompson, a daughter, of Rev. 
Henry Thompson, for many years a Methodist Episcopal preacher 
in Ware county. She passed to the higher life, aged eighty years. 
Of the twelve children born into their home, ten grew to years of 
maturity, namely: Mary J., Rachel, Julia, John W., Amanda, James 
B., Roan TL, Thomas Berrien, Francis, and Ella. 

Brought up on the home farm, James B. Bagley attended school 
as opportunity offered, in the meantime becoming intimately acquainted 
with farm work of all kinds. When he was eighteen years old his 
father gave him one hundred acres of land, and he began his career 
as an independent farmer. Having been trained to habits of industry 
and thrift, and well drilled in the art. and science of agriculture, lie 
succeeded from the start, and continued a tiller of the soil until 1892. 
Desirous then of gratifying a long cherished ambition. Mr. Bagley 
began the study of medicine in the Atlanta Medical School, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1894. Immediately begin- 
ning the practice of his profession at Millwood, Ware county. Dr. 
Bagley continued there fifteen years, meeting with unquestioned suc- 
cess. Locating at Waycross in 1909. lie lias here built up a large and 
remunerative patronage, the people roundabout having great confi- 
dence in his skill and ability. 

Dr. Bagley married, when a youth of eighteen summers. Miss 
Lucinda Meeks. who was born in the northern part of Clinch county, 
Georgia, eight miles from Pearson, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
liam Meeks. Four children have been bom to the Doctor and Mrs. 
Bagley, namely: William Francis, now. in 1913, studying medicine: 
James Wesley ; Daniel English ; and Loney. The Doctor and his two 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 769 

older sons are engaged in agricultural pursuits, conducting a stock 
and poultry farm near Beach. The Doctor and his wife are consist- 
ent members of the Primitive Baptist church, and their two older sons 
are affiliated by membership with the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Olin Stewart McCoy. Numbered among the substantial and well- 
to-do residents of Cordele is Olin Stewart McCoy, who, as proprietor of 
McCoy's Steam Laundry, is conducting a lively and prosperous busi- 
ness. He was born, February 27, 1869, in Houston county, Georgia, 
which was also the birthplace of his parents, Meredith and Mary Emma 
(Blount) McCoy, neither of whom is now living. His father, who 
served as a member of a company of Georgia Cavalry in the Civil war, 
was for many years a merchant and farmer in Houston county, but 
spent his last days in Macon, whither he settled after selling his farm. 
He reared eight children, all of whom are living. 

Completing his studies in the common schools of his native county, 
Olin Stewart McCoy accompanied the family to Macon, Georgia, when 
about nineteen years old, and there began life for himself in a mercan- 
tile establishment. In March, 1896, when the town of Fitzgerald was 
organized, in Ben Hill county, he located in the place, and was there 
a resident for five years. Coming to Cordele in 1901, Mr. McCoy was 
engaged in the bottling business until March, 190-1, when he purchased 
his present steam laundry plant, which had been here established in 
1902. Under his efficient management, the laundry is being conducted 
most successfully, employing about fifteen people, and being well pat- 
ronized. The laundry is now housed in a building thirty-six feet by 
eighty feet, and is fully equipped with modern machinery of all the 
kinds required in an establishment of this kind. The business is rapidly 
increasing in size and value, and in order to meet it's demands Mr. McCoy 
is now considering the erection of a brick building much larger than 
the present plant. 

Mr. McCoy married Mae Terry, a daughter of James J. and Ida 
(Parker) Terry, natives respectively of Canada and Michigan. Mr. and 
Mrs. McCoy have two children, namely : Mary Lois, born in 1903 ; and 
Olin Terry, born in 1907. Mrs. McCoy is a member of the Baptist 
church, and is bringing up her children in the same religious faith. 

Ivy Milton Powell. A man of keen foresight and unquestioned 
business ability and judgment, Ivy Milton Powell occupies a conspicu- 
ous position among the enterprising and influential citizens of Cor- 
dele, as owner of the Cordele Electric Light & Power Company, and 
of Powell's Garage, being actively associated with two of the leading 
industrial enterprises of this part of Crisp county. A native of North 
Carolina, he was born, September 16, 1866, in Clinton. Sampson county, 
being a son of Milton and Elizabeth Powell, lifelong residents of 
North Carolina. He is one of a family of eight children, six sons and 
two daughters, as follows : J. W., who died in North Carolina ; G. H., 
a miller in North Carolina ; I. W., engaged in farming in his native 
state; O. J., engaged in mercantile business in North Carolina; Rev. 
L. J., a Baptist minister, now located in Grafton, West Virginia; Ivy 
Milton ; Neely, wife of E. Williamson, a North Carolina farmer ; and 
Livingston, who died, aged about, thirteen years. 

Growing to manhood in his native state, Ivy Milton Powell deter- 
mined as a young man to try the hazard of new fortunes, and in his 
quest came to Georgia. About 1889 he took up his residence in Cordele, 
and has since acquired distinction along various lines of enterprise. In 
1897, when the service of the Cordele Electric Light & Power Com- 



770 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

pany was very unsatisfactory, Mr. Powell purchased the plant from the 
city, and has since so thoroughly improved and equipped it that it has 
now readied a high state of efficiency. For the past five years Mr. 
Powell has heen actively engaged in the automobile business, for a year 
occupying his present location, his garage being a fully equipped build- 
ing, sixty-two feet by one hundred twelve and one-half feet, with a 
cement floor. In this line he has built up a substantial business, hand- 
ling both the Olds and the Overland machines, automobiles of the high- 
est type of construction, and eminently satisfactory to all buyers. Mr. 
Powell is also an extensive landholder, owning a farm of one thousand, 
eight hundred and thirty-six acres adjoining the city. 

Mr. Powell married, in 1890, Beulah Johnson, a daughter of "William 
Johnson, of Worth county, Georgia, and they are the parents of three 
children, namely : Edwin, born in 1895 ; Ivy, born in 1900 ; and Louise, 
born in 1905. Mr. and Mrs. Powell are both Baptists in religion. 

Joseph Jackson Cooper, one of the best-known merchants of Vienna, 
Georgia, is successfully carrying on the business established and con- 
ducted by him in 1897. Born in Dooly county on January 16, 1869, 
he is the son of John C. and Mary (Moring) Cooper. The father was 
born and reared in Baldwin county, Georgia, while the mother is a 
native of Dooly county. John C. Cooper served the South during the 
Civil war, fighting with the Baldwin Blues, Fourth Georgia Regiment, 
and was captured just before the close of the war. He was a prisoner 
of war at Governor's island, New York, and participated in many of the 
hottest engagements of the struggle. After the close of the war he 
returned to his farm in Dooly county and there passed the remainder 
of his life. Mr. and Mrs. Cooper were the parents of four children: 
Lizzie, married to J. W. Bozemore, a farmer in Dooly county ; J. B.. also 
a farmer in Dooly county ; Annie, the wife of J. B. Foreham, and the 
subject, Joseph Jackson. 

The early life of Joseph Jackson Cooper was passed as a helper on the 
farm of his father and an attendant of the schools of the community 
wherein he was reared. He also attended the. high school in Snow 
Springs. When he was twenty-two years of age he entered the service 
of the F. H. Bland Company, dealers in dry-goods, and after some time 
went from that firm to Pine Hurst. Georgia, with the firm of the Ful- 
lington-Barfield Company. He advanced rapidly with that firm and 
the last three years of his connection with them was as secretary and 
treasurer of the concern. In January, 1897. the young man decided 
to launch out into business on his own responsibility, and he accordingly 
located in Vienna, opening up an establishment as dealer in dry-goods, 
house furnishings, etc. He is the sole owner of the business, and in 
the years that have elapsed since its establishment, it has grown apace, 
expanding and reaching out into hitherto untapped channels of trade. 
The store occupies a two-story brick building at the corner of Union 
and Third streets, the property being owned by Mr. Cooper, who is 
also the owner of a handsome residence erected since his location in 
Vienna. Mr. Cooper has been able to give some of his time to civic mat- 
ters, despite his necessarily busy life, and has served as a member of the 
city council, of the board of health, and is now a member of the school 
board. His presence on anything of a like nature is proof of honest 
effort being expended in the interests of the community, and Mr. Cooper 
lias proved himself a citizen of a high order in the years of his residence 
in Vienna. 

On October 2, 1896, Mr. Cooper was united in marriage with Miss 
Ella Lytle, the daughter of Thomas T. Lytle and M. T. (Smith) Lytle. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 771 

One child has been born to them, Lillian, now eight years of age. All 
members of the family are affiliated with the Methodist Episcopal church 
of Vienna. 

De Witt Butler Thompson has been a resident of Vienna for about 
twenty-one years, having come to this city in 1890. He is a native of the 
state of Georgia, born in Houston county on September 4, 1861, and 
is the son of Steven L. and Margaret Elizabeth Thompson, both of 
Houston county. 

Mr. Thompson was educated in the common schools of his county 
and remained under the care and guardianship of his parents until he 
was sixteen, at which early age he took service with the Macon & Bruns- 
wick Railroad as water boy. He continued in railroad work in various 
capacities and eventually became a section foreman. After fifteen years 
in the employ of the Macon & Brunswick road he severed his connec- 
tion with the company, and established the merchandise business which 
he is now conducting. He has prospered as a merchant, and has been 
the author of splendid accomplishments in industrial lines. To Mr. 
Thompson is ascribed the credit for the building of the first cotton gin 
in Vienna, and he was the first man to introduce the cylinder bail idea in 
this section of the country. He is the owner of a large quantity of real 
estate and owns the store building where he carries on his merchandise 
business. It is a fine up-to-date store, eighty by eighty-eight feet in 
size, and is well equipped and thoroughly modern. In addition he con- 
ducts a large warehouse where they handle cotton, hay, feed and other 
produce. He also owns his beautiful home in Vienna. 

Mr. Thompson is a man who has taken his full share of the civic 
responsibilities of the community, and has served as alderman on the 
city board for two terms. He is always ready and willing to assume a 
generous part of the burdens of the communal life, and has ever 
acquitted himself as a most exemplary citizen in the long years of his 
identification with the business life of Vienna. The Thompson family 
has ever shared in the responsibilities of worthy citizens, and the father 
of Mr. Thompson, as well as two of his brothers, served their state in 
the years of strife between the North and the South. 

Mr. Thompson was married on August 5, 1886, to Miss Margaret 
Daugherty, of Isle of Wight county, Georgia. She died on September 
12, 1888, and on March 20, 1889, Mr. Thompson was united in marriage 
with Miss Jessie Crumpton of Florida. Six children have been born to 
them : Maggie, aged twenty -one years ; Steven Milton, aged twenty ; Mary, 
sixteen years of age ; Sadie, aged thirteen years ; Annie Lou, eleven 
years old, and D. B., Jr., aged five years. 

Mrs. Thompson is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and is identified with the various organizations of that church. 

Hon. James Mathews Griggs. A man of superior judgment and 
rare discrimination, thoroughly progressive and public-spirited, Hon. 
James Mathews Griggs, late of Dawson, attained distinction not only 
for his loyal citizenship and unquestioned legal ability, but for the 
services he rendered his fellow-men as a public servant. Summoned 
from the scene of his earthly endeavors while yet in the midst of life's 
most useful and honorable activities, his death having occurred Janu- 
ary 5, 1910, his name will be held in loving remembrance and lasting 
honor in the annals of Terrell county. A native of Georgia, he was 
born, March 29, 1861, in La Grange, Troup county, of Welsh ancestry, 
being fifth in direct line of descent from the immigrant ancestor, his 



772 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

lineage being thus traced : William, 1 John,- Wesley, 3 Augustus Frank- 
lin ' and James Mathews. 5 

William ' Griggs was born and reared in Wales. In early manhood 
he came to America, accompanied by a brother who settled in New 
England, while he located in Virginia. During the Revolution he 
fought with the Colonists in their struggle for freedom, after which 
he settled permanently near Norfolk, Virginia, where he spent his 
remaining years. 

John 2 Griggs was born and educated in Virginia, but when ready to 
begin life for himself migrated to Georgia, locating in Hancock county, 
which was his home for many years. He died, however, in Harris 
county, and his body was there buried on his son's plantation. The 
maiden name of his wife was Rebecca Pritchett. Wesley 3 Griggs en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, and with the help of slaves cleared 
and improved a valuable plantation in Putnam county, near Eatonton. 
He married Nancy Elizabeth Brown, a daughter of Jeremiah and 
Annie (Beasley) Brown, life-long residents of Clark county, Georgia. 

Augustus Franklin 4 Griggs was born on the old home plantation in 
Putnam county, and was there brought up. He finished his educa- 
tion at Mercer University. Soon after the breaking out of the war 
between the states, he enlisted in Company E, Forty-first Georgia Vol- 
unteer Infantry, under command of Capt. Charles A. McDaniel. At 
Murfreesboro he joined Capt. C. B. Ferrell's Artillery Company, in 
which he served faithfully until the close of the conflict. He subse- 
quently embarked in mercantile pursuits, first at La Grange, and later 
in Atlanta, Georgia, where he continued in business until his death, 
m 1870. He married Elizabeth Rebecca Mathews, who was bom in 
Stewart county, Georgia, of distinguished ancestry, having been a 
descendant in the fifth generation from Isaac Mathews, who was a 
grandson of Sir Thomas Mathews, of Mathews county. Virginia, and a 
lineal descendant of Sir David Mathews, of Llandaff , Wales. • 

Isaac :i Mathews, third in descent from Sir Thomas Mathews, the 
immigrant, married his cousin, Mary Mathews, who, like himself, was 
a Virginian by birth. Mary Mathews was the fifth in line of descent 
from one Samuel Mathews, the line being thus traced: Samuel, 1 Sam- 
uel,- John, 3 Samuel, 4 and Mary."'. Samuel 1 Mathews was born in Eng- 
land, a son of Tobias Mathews. When young he was sent by King James 
the First to Virginia, and by him appointed commander of the British 
army, later being made governor of the colony of Virginia. This Gov- 
ernor Samuel 1 Mathews married a daughter of Sir Thomas Hinton of 
Virginia. Their son, Samuel - Mathews, represented Warwick county, 
in the years 1652 and 1655, in the Virginia assembly. He was active 
in military and public affairs, having served as lieutenant colonel in 
the King's army, and as a member of the King's council. John 3 
Mathews, the next in line of descent, was born in Virginia, and became 
a citizen of prominence. He married Elizabeth, the only daughter, 
and the heiress, of Michael Taverner. of York county. Virgina. and 
subsequently occupied the old Mathews homestead, "Denbeigh." near 
Blunt Point, Virginia. Samuel ' Mathews, father of Mary Mathews, 
married a Miss Braxton, and their daughter Mary, as mentioned above, 
became the wife of Isaac" 1 Mathews, and their son Moses was the great- 
grandfather of Elizabeth Rebecca Mathews. 

Moses ' Mathews learned the trade of a gun maker in Virginia, his 
native state, and when ready to establish himself in business removed 
to Vinliehl. South Carolina, where, during the Revolutionary war he 
made guns for General Sumter. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Findlev, was born and bred in Virginia. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 773 

Their son, Rev. James 5 Mathews, went from Virginia to South Caro- 
lina, and did service as a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Soon 
after the close of the conflict he settled in Lincoln county, Georgia, 
where he bought a plantation, and in addition to his agricultural 
labors served as pastor of a Baptist church in Burke county, a brief 
account of his pastorate being given in Campbell's History of the 
Georgia Baptists. The maiden name of his wife was Rebecca Carlton. 
She was born, reared and educated in old Virginia. Her father, Rob- 
ert Carlton, who, with his brother, Thomas Carlton, emigrated from 
England to America, settling in King and Queen county, Virginia, 
where he married a Miss AVafford. He fought with the colonists in 
their struggle for independence, and later, in 1785, migrated with his 
family to Georgia, becoming a pioneer settler of Wilkes county, where 
he spent his remaining days. 

Rev. James u Mathews entered the ministry when a young man, and 
for a time preached in Wilkes county. Moving from there to Stewart 
county, he bought a plantation in the vicinity of Lumpkin, and for 
many years carried on farming with the help of slaves. He held 
pastorates in Lumpkin and Benevolence, and served as one of the 
first moderators of the Bethel Association. He died when but fifty 
years old, on his home plantation. He married Kiturah Pope, a de- 
scendant in the sixth generation from Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel 
Pope, who was styled "A Gentleman of England," the line of descent 
being as follows : Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel 1 Pope, Nathaniel 2 
Pope, Nathaniel 3 Pope, John 4 Pope, John Henry 5 Pope, Capt. John G 
Pope, and Kiturah 7 Pope. 

Lieut. Col. Nathaniel 1 Pope sailed from Bristol, England, for 
America in 1634, and located in Maryland, where he became a leader 
in affairs of state, in 1637 and 1638 serving as a member of the Mary- 
land house of burgesses. Prior to 1650 he was granted by King 
Charles the First ten hundred and fifty acres of land in Westmoreland 
county, Virginia, and immediately assumed its possession, naming his 
new home place Pope's Creek. In 1652 he was appointed lieutenant 
colonel of militia, and had among his officers, as major, his son-in-law, 
John Washington, great-grandfather of George Washington. Nathan- 
iel 2 Pope married Mary Sissons. Their son, Nathaniel 3 Pope, through 
whom the line of descent was continued, married Jane Brooks Brown, 
and continued a resident of Virginia until his death. Their son John 4 
married his cousin, Elizabeth Pope. John Henry 5 Pope, a native of Vir- 
ginia, married Mary Burwell. He was an ensign in the Revolutionary 
army, serving in North Carolina. After the war he came to Georgia, 
settling in Wilkes county, where he remained a resident until his death, 
in 1804. Of his five sons, one died ere the family left North Carolina, 
and the others settled in Georgia. 

Capt. John (i Pope commanded a company of North Carolina troops 
in the Revolutionary war, and after locating in Georgia had command 
of a body of soldiers in Wilkes county. He married Elizabeth Smith, 
and both spent their last years in Wilkes county. Kiturah T Pope, who 
became the wife of Rev. James 6 Mathews, survived him, and married 
for her second husband Henry Long. She died, at the age of seventy- 
six years, in Senoia, Georgia. 

Elizabeth Rebecca " Mathews, mother of Hon. James Mathews Griggs, 
married first at a very early age Ephraim Smith Vernal. After his 
death she became the wife of Augustus Franklin 4 Griggs, whom she sur- 
vived, passing away in Dawson, Georgia, June 21, 1910, having then' 
lived a widow for forty years. She reared four children, as follows: 
Ella Vernal; James Mathews, the special subject of this sketch; Charles 
Brown, and Augustus Pope. 



774 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Hon. James Mathews 5 Griggs acquired his elementary education 
in the public schools of Senoia. After the death of his father he made 
his home for a time with Dr. Albert Mathews, in Elberton, where he con- 
tinued his studies in the public schools. Subsequently completing the 
course of study in the Peabody Normal School, at Nashville, Tennessee, 
Mr. Griggs went from there to Palatka, Florida, where for two years he 
was principal of schools. Desirous of entering the legal profession, he 
then began the study of law in Canton, Georgia, with Hon. George Brown, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1884. Locating immediately in Jackson, 
Georgia, Mr. Griggs was for awhile there associated with Judge Marcus 
Beck. Going then to Berrien county, he embarked in journalistic work, 
editing a paper in Alapha. 

Taking up his residence in Dawson in 1885, Mr. Griggs soon built up 
an extensive and lucrative law patronage, and likewise became prom- 
inent and influential in public affairs. From 1888 until 1893 he was 
solicitor general of the Pataula Circuit Court, and from 1893 until 1896 
Avas judge of the Superior Court, Pataula Circuit. In 1896 Mr. Griggs 
was elected to represent the Third Congressional District of Georgia in 
the United States Congress, and gave sueh eminent satisfaction in that 
high position that he was continued as a representative to Congress by 
re-election until his death, in 1910. He served on many important com- 
mittees, including that of Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Griggs 
was not known as a temperance man or a church worker, but he won 
recognition as an able lawyer and legislator, and was popular with the 
masses. 

On July 14, 1886, Mr. Griggs was united in marriage with Miss Theo- 
dosia Stewart, who was born in Randolph county, Georgia, a daughter of 
Hon. Daniel Randall Stewart, and granddaughter of John Stewart, 
who was for more than four score years a resident of Georgia. Mrs. 
Griggs's great-grandfather, Daniel Randall Stewart, was born and bred 
in Scotland, and there married Margaret Smith. Shortly after that im- 
portant event, he came with his bride to America, crossing the ocean in 
1800, and locating first in Buncombe county, North Carolina. Coming 
from there to Georgia in 1816, he purchased a tract of land bordering 
on Tobesofkee creek, in Bibb county. At that time all of South Georgia 
was in its primeval wildness, Indians claiming the country roundabout 
as their happy hunting grounds, while the forests were inhabted by deer. 
turkeys, and wild animals of many kinds. He subsequently moved to 
Marion county, where he resided until his death, at the advanced age 
of four score and four years. 

John Stewart was quite young when brought by his parents to 
Georgia. "When ready to establish a home of bis own. he bought land in 
Randolph county, and was there engaged in general farming until his 
death, a1 the venerable age of eighty-nine years. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Catherine Giles, died when but forty-three years old. She 
was a daughter of John and Mary (Tarver) Giles, the former of whom 
was born in Jones county, Georgia, and the latter in Hancock county, of 
Virginian ancestry. 

Honorable Daniel Randall Stewart, father of Mrs. Griggs, was born 
in Marion county. Georgia, and there obtained his early education in the 
rural schools. When seventeen years old he enlisted for service in the 
war between the states, joining the first body of state troops, and with 
his command going to the coast. Afterwards becoming a member of 
Company G. Fifty-fifth Georgia Volunteer Infantry, he seiwed until the 
close of the conflict. Two of bis older brothers served throughout the 
entire war. and a younger brother was an active participant during the 
latter pari of the conflict. After the war. he was for a time employed 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 775 

as a clerk in the store of Captain Ben Smith, at Cuthbert, and later 
bought a farm lying twelve miles south of Cuthbert, and there spent the' 
remainder of his active life engaged in agricultural pursuits. Active 
and alert, and possessing sound judgment and good executive ability, 
he was successful from the beginning of his career, by means of thrift 
and excellent management accumulating a fortune. On retiring from 
active business, he moved to Dawson, where his death occurred at the age 
of three score and ten years. Mr. Stewart became prominent in public 
affairs, for upwards of twenty years serving as jury commissioner, while 
for two terms he was representative to the State Legislature, and for 
one term was state senator. 

The maiden name of the wife of Honorable Daniel Randall Stewart 
was Nancy Olivia Pope. She was born in Washington county, Georgia, 
a daughter of Reverend Wiley Mobley Pope, and is now living in Daw- 
son with Mrs. Griggs, her only child. Her paternal grandfather, Jona- 
than Pope, was born and bred in Virginia, from there going as a young 
man to Sampson county, North Carolina, where he resided several years. 
In 1814 he migrated to Georgia, settling in Laurens county, where he 
bought a tract of wild land, and began the pioneer task of clearing and 
improving a farm. He was making very good progress in his work when, 
three years later, in 1817, he passed to the life beyond. 

Jonathan Pope married Elizabeth Cooper, who was born in Duplin 
county. North Carolina, a daughter of Reverend Fleet Cooper, Jr. Her 
grandfather, Fleet Cooper, Sr., who married Emily Anders, a life-long 
resident of North Carolina, was one of the signers of the North Carolina 
Oath of Allegiance and Abjuration passed by the Assembly at Newbern, 
November 15, 1777. He was exempt from taxes in Duplin county, where, 
as far as is known, he spent his entire life. His son, Reverend Fleet 
Cooper, Jr., was a prominent preacher in North Carolina, holding pastor- 
ates in various Baptist churches, and both he and his father received 
large grants of laud in Duplin county. The maiden name of his wife 
was Sarah Scott. 

Reverend Wiley Mobley Pope was born in Sampson county, North 
Carolina. Studying for the ministry, he became a Baptist preacher, and 
after coming to Georgia held pastorates in both Laurens and Washing- 
ton counties. After the death of his wife he moved to Randolph county, 
and for several years filled the pulpit of the Rehobeth Baptist Church, 
near Shellman. He married Martha Williams Bryan, whose father, 
Jason Bryan, migrated from North Carolina, his native state, to Georgia, 
and spent his last days in Washington county, where he was a success- 
ful agriculturist. Jason Bryan married Penelope Gainer, whose father, 
William Gainer, married, near Petersburg, Virginia, Martha Williams, 
and settled in Washington county, Georgia, where, in 1790, land was 
granted him by the Government. Ten children, nine daughters and one 
son blessed their union, a descendant of one of the daughters, having 
married Honorable Daniel Randall Stewart, as before mentioned. 

Mr. and Mrs. Griggs were the parents of three children, namely: 
Ella Vernal, Daniel Stewart, and Augusta Pope. Ella Vernal Griggs, 
who married Edgar Whitfield Hollingsworth, died at the age of twenty- 
two years, leaving one child, Theodosia Hollingsworth. Augusta Griggs 
married Thomas B. Raines. 

Lucius Lamar Woodward, attorney-at-law of Vienna, Georgia, has 
been active in the practice of his profession in the town of his birth 
since he was admitted to the bar in 1897. He was born there on May 
5, 1879, and is the son of Judge John Hartwell and Nancy B. (McCor- 
mack) Woodward, natives of South Carolina and Georgia, respectively. 



776 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Judge Woodward, for such he came to be in later life, was born in 
Sumpters district, South Carolina (now Sumpter county) on January 
16, 18)51. He is the son of Stephen and Jane (Barnett) Woodward, 
natives of South Carolina, and when he was about one year old accom- 
panied his parents to Missouri county, Alabama, where they remained 
until he was about six years of age, when they moved to Georgia. The 
family located seven miles south of Macon, Bibb county, Georgia, where 
they made their home until 1863, at which time they settled in Dooly 
county, in which district Judge Woodward has since made his home. 
As a young man, he read law at the suggestion of Capt. Robert A. 
Smith, and took advantage of the generosity of Captain Smith by mak- 
ing use of his office and books, prosecuting his studies principally in 
the evenings. He was admitted to the bar in January, 1873, but deferred 
the initiation of active practice for some little time, owing to a preju- 
dice peculiar to the South which held that a gentleman might not engage 
in the practice of law or kindred professions and continue to hold rank 
as a gentleman. It is worthy of mention that the natural good sense of 
Judge Woodward came to his rescue after a time, and he settled down to 
the practice of the profession for which he had so laboriously prepared 
himself. He attained a degree of prominence in the politics of his state, 
and served in the state legislature in 1871-72, and in 1880 was a mem- 
ber of the senate. He was judge of the county court of Dooly county 
for two terms, and in all these offices he acquitted himself as a gentleman 
and a scholar might be expected. During the Civil war Judge Wood- 
ward was not inactive. In February, 1862, he, with W. B. Busbee, or- 
ganized the Whittle Guards, Company D, Tenth Georgia Battalion, 
and were immediately mustered into the service. He was offered the 
captaincy of the company, but declined and was unanimously elected 
first lieutenant. His health failed to such an extent that in August of 
that year he was compelled to resign. In July of 1863 his wife died, 
and Mr. Woodward again joined the army at Macon, where he was elected 
second lieutenant. He served two months and was again compelled to 
resign owing to the impaired condition of his health. Judge Woodward 
was thrice married. His first wife was Carrie Sheats. daughter of Ben- 
jamin S. Sheats of Clarke county. She passed away on July 6, 1863. 
leaving one child, Stephen B., born October 21, 1862, who lived to 
reach the age of twenty years, when he died on November 27, 1882. 
The second marriage of Judge Woodward occurred on July 18, 1865. 
when he married Miss Mamie McCormack of Hawkinsville, Georgia. 
Nine children were born of this union. They were : John M., a merchant 
of Hawkinsville, Georgia ; William Thomas, who died at the age of 
eighteen months; James Madison, a farmer near Vienna: David M.. 
expert accountant of Tampa, Florida ; Charles Cannon, editor of the 
Daily Tampa Times of Tampa, Florida ; Mary Jane, the wife of Charles 
H. Turton of Vienna ; Lucius Lamar, practicing law in Vienna ; Car- 
rie Sheats. the wife of Charles Gurr of Vienna; Emma B.. who shares 
her father's home. The second wife of Judge Woodward died on Decem- 
ber 17. 1895, and in the following year he contracted a third marriage, 
when Emma Peacock, the daughter of John Peacock of Houston county, 
became his wife. She passed away on August 26. 1901. 

Lucius Lamar Woodward was educated in the high school of Vienna 
alter which he read law in the offices of his father. Judge Woodward, 
and Senator Cram. He was admitted to the bar on September 17, 1897, 
and took up the practice of law in Vienna almost immediately. He 
has gained a goodly clientele in the years of his labors and is highly 
regarded among the legal fraternity and among all those who have had 
occasion to look to him for legal aid or advice. His standing in the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 777 

community is of a high order, and his circle of friends is unlimited, 
his long acquaintance in and about Vienna having won to him hosts of/ 
life-long friends. Mr. Woodward is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
his affiliation being with the Shriners of Savannah, and he is a Baptist 
in his religious faith, while his wife is of the Methodist persuasion. 

Mr. Woodward was married on October 21, 1909, to Miss Louie Penn, 
the daughter of H. R. and Elizabeth (Collier) Fenn, natives of Dooly 
county. Two children have been born to them: Elizabeth Barmelia, 
and an infant son, Lamar Fenn. 

Col. William Herschell Dorris. In no profession is there a 
career more open to talent than is that of the law and in no field of 
endeavor is there demanded a more careful preparation, a more thorough 
appreciation of the absolute ethics of life or of the underlying princi- 
ples which form the basis of all human rights and privileges. Col. Wil- 
liam Herschell Dorris is a lawyer of the highest ideals and also a most 
public-spirited citizen, this fact having become happily evident in his 
administration as mayor of Cordele, his election to the mayoralty having 
occurred in 1910. He is a native son of the state, his life record having 
begun on a farm in the vicinity of Douglasville, Douglas county, 
August 9, 1871. He remained upon the parental homestead until the 
age of twenty-one years, gaining his elementary education in the pub- 
lic schools and under paternal instruction gaining a practical experience 
in the many sided science of agriculture. He entered Douglasville Col- 
lege about the age mentioned and was graduated from that institution 
of learning in 1892 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. While in col- 
lege he was a member of the Greek letter fraternity, Phi Cappi. 

Having determined to adopt the profession of law as his life work, 
young Dorris began his study of Blackstone in the office of A. L. Bart- 
lett, of Brownsville, Georgia, and was admitted to the bar in the year 
1896, under examination by the committee appointed by the court. He 
engaged at once in general practice and his gifts and attainments have 
received signal recognition. He located at Cordele in the year 1896 
and has ever since retained his residence here. He has been extremely 
loyal to its interest and it was due to his efforts that the fine Carnegie 
library, which is one of its most useful institutions, was secured for the 
city. He was a member of the first board of trustees appointed to super- 
vise the affairs of the library. He served his city as alderman for two 
terms and in 1910 was elected mayor, of which office he is the present 
incumbent. 

Colonel Dorris is the son of William C. and Matilda (Lowe) Dor- 
ris, both living and both natives of Georgia, the father's birthplace 
having been Carroll county, and the mother's Cobb county. His grand- 
father, Rev. John Dorris, was a distinguished member of the conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, South. 

William C. Dorris served in the Civil war as first lieutenant of Com- 
pany I, of the Fifty-sixth Georgia Infantry. He was in the thickest 
of the fight, serving at the siege of Vicksburg, at Missionary Ridge, at 
Baker's Creek, etc., and being captured at Vicksburg. The other mem- 
bers of the subject's family are James A., Marvin Homer, Mrs. Ola 
Stone, Mrs. L. C. Satterfield, Mrs. E. H. Huffines, and Miss Emma 
Dorris. 

The colonel is a Mason of high standing, belonging to the blue lodge 
the chapter, the commandery at Cordele, and having "traveled east" 
with the Shriners at Savannah. He is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church at Cordele and is helpfully interested in all the good meas- 
ures promulgated by the church. He is president of the Chamber of 



778 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

Commerce and has for several years been identified in praiseworthy 
fashion with all public affairs looking toward the welfare and progress 
of city, county and state. 

Leonard Marcellus Sumner. It is the privilege of the young men 
and young women who grow up in this country to select whatever occupa- 
tion they desire and they may reserve the right to change such occupa- 
tion whenever they- please. In this way the occupation best fitted to 
them, or the one which they wish to pursue, is open to them at any time. 
It is not always that a young person is able to tell what pursuit he is 
best qualified to follow, so that as time passes and his own wants and 
abilities are developed, he may change his occupation and strike his 
proper sphere before it is too late. Then for the first time life is to 
him an earnest quantity. So the subject of this brief review has found 
it. Leonard Marcellus Sumner, now chief of police of Cordele, Georgia, 
and an admirable officer and citizen, was engaged in a number of occu- 
pations prior to his becoming a public official. He was born April 14, 
1875, at Sumner, Worth county, Georgia, or rather on a farm in the 
vicinity of that place, and there he resided until reaching the age of 
twenty years. He received his first introduction to Minerva in the pub- 
lic schools and subsequently graduated from the higher department 
of the Sumner school. 

In 1895, when about twenty years of age, Mr. Sumner was united 
in marriage to Miss Cora Balkcon, daughter of Alex and Josephine 
(Warren) Balkcon, the father an agriculturist of this section and 
a veteran of the Civil war, throughout the entire course of which he 
served. Their union has been blessed by the birth of the following 
interesting children: Leonna, aged fifteen; Janie, aged thirteen; 
Cora May, aged seven; and Irene, aged six. They are students in the 
Cordele graded school. 

Upon first beginning his career, Mr. Sumner entered a mercantile 
and grocery establishment at Sumner and under McKinley's first ad- 
ministration, he was appointed postmaster and proved an efficient and 
faithful servant of Uncle Sam. Following his tenure of this office, 
he removed with his family to Cordele, where he accepted a position as 
clerk in the J. S. Pates dry-goods store, which he retained for six 
months. He then engaged with Carter & Darrough, dealers in musical 
instruments, and remained with this concern for one year and then 
became traveling salesman for the Cable Piano Company, an association 
which he did not terminate for a twelvemonth. It was ensuing upon 
this that Mr. Sumner became a member of the Cordele police foi'ce and 
he acted in the capacity of patrolman for four years, from 1905 to 1909, 
and in the latter year was made chief of police, which important office 
he has held to the satisfaction of the citizens for the space of four 
years. 

Mr. Sumner is a popular and prominent Mason, belonging to the 
blue lodge, in which he is active, and also to the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and the Woodmen of the World, in the latter not taking 
an active part. He and his admirable wife are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. 

The subject of this brief sketch is a son of Joseph M. and Jane 
(Young) Sunnier, estimable citizens, both of whom survive at the present 
time. His grandfather and grandmother, also native Georgians, were Jo- 
seph and Mahala (Smith) Sumner, and the family is an old and promi- 
nent one in this county. Mr. Sumner is a member of a large family of 
brothers and sisters, as follows: Thomas J.; John M. : Robert 0. ; 
Henry I..; and Mrs. .1. M. Williams: Mrs. M. 0. Lemons: Mrs. A. E. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 779 

Bass; Mrs. Hattie Sykes; and Mrs. C. J. Williams, all this number 
being natives and residents of southern Georgia. > 

James Gordon Jones. Exceptionally well fitted for the legal pro- 
fession, not only by his natural gifts and ability, but through his high 
mental attainments, untiring industry, keen perceptive faculties, Col. 
James Gordon Jones has won an assured position among the foremost law- 
yers of Crisp county as a member of the firm of Crura & Jones, of Cordele, 
having a large and lucrative practice. A son of James F. Jones, he was 
born near Mountisville, Troup county, Georgia, September 20, 1870. 

James F. Jones served in the Civil war as major of a company of 
Georgia infantry. A lifelong planter, he is now living in Hogansville, 
Troup county, an honored and respected citizen of seventy-three years. 
He married Araminta Seay, a native of Meriwether county, Georgia, 
and they have five children living as follows: William M., born in 1866, 
has for the past twenty years been engaged in farming in Texas and 
California ; James Gordon, the special subject of this brief biographical 
record; and E. A., who has been engaged in the practice of law at 
LaGrange, Troup county, for four years ; Mrs. J. W. Darden and Mrs. 
C. J. Daniel, who reside at Hogansville, Troup county ; Mrs. F. P. Ayers, 
Hugh M. and Julia, who are deceased. 

James Gordon completed his education in the high schools of Hogans- 
ville and after spending four years in California returned to Georgia 
and completed his study of law and was admitted to the bar at La- 
Grange on May 8, 1895, and has been admitted to practice in all the 
courts, having been admitted to practice in the supreme court of the 
United States, April 6, 1908. Mr. Jones located at Cordele, Georgia, 
July, 1896, where he has since been associated with D. A. R. Crum 
under the firm name of Crum & Jones, making a specialty of corpora- 
tion law. This enterprising firm is division counsel for the Atlanta, 
Birmingham & Atlantic Railroad Company, and district counsel for the 
Georgia Southwestern & Gulf Railroad Company, and for the Southern 
Bell Telephone & Telegraph Company. 

On April 7, 1897, Mr. Jones was united in marriage with Annie 
Lou Paul of Eastman, Dodge county, Georgia, a daughter of W. E. 
and Fannie (Childs) Paul. Four children have been born of the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Jones, namely : Vannie, born June 12, 1899 ; Gordon, 
born April 7, 1903 ; Susie Pearl, born August 7, 1905 ; Edwin L., born 
January 7, 1907. Vannie died October 28, 1902, aged 3 years, 3 months. 

Leon Powell AVimberly, for sixteen years past the postmaster of 
Abbeville, is a native of the state of Georgia, born in Bibb county, city 
of Macon, on March 6, 1858. He is the son of Louis D. and Juliet 
Amanda (Powell) Wimberly, both natives of Bibb county. Louis Wim- 
berly served in the Civil war in Cavalry regiment. He died at the 
age of thirty-five, when his son Leon Powell, was but twelve years old. 
The mother still lives, nearly eighty years of age, and makes her home in 
Hawkinsville, Pulaski county, Georgia. 

Such schooling as Leon Wimberly secured was in the public schools 
of Macon, previous to his sixteenth birthday. When he reached that 
age he went to work on a farm, remaining there for two years and 
receiving as wages five dollars a month. He was employed on the farm 
of Dr. Virgil Walker in Wilcox county. When he concluded his two 
years of farm life, Mr. AVimberly engaged in the saw mill business, 
being occupied for five years driving a mule team. In 1890 he had saved 
some money from his previous years' labors, and he became a. partner 
in the firm for whom he had been driving mules for five years, and the 



780 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

firm became known as the McLeod, Denard & Wimberly Company, 
dealers in general merchandise. Soon after that Mr. Wimberly bought 
the entire business, selling a half interest to C. A. Home, and con- 
tinuing with the trade until 1894, when they were burned out. Noth- 
ing daunted by his misfortunes, Mr. Wimberly again entered business 
alone, and after two years he sold out to one Mr. Fitzgerald and ac- 
cepted a traveling position with L. Cohen & Company of Macon, dealers 
in whiskey, cigars and tobacco. He later became connected with Alt- 
meyer & Flatau, dealers in the same commodities, with whom he con- 
tinued for some time. Later he was appointed postmaster at Abbeville, 
which position he has retained since that time. He has also been en- 
gaged in merchandising from time to time, and has some farming inter- 
ests as well, which he cares for in addition to his official business. 

Mr. Wimberly was a member of the city council of Hawkinsville 
while he was identified with that place, and has discharged the duties 
of a loyal citizen in the most praiseworthy manner while he has been 
in Abbeville. He is prominent in fraternal circles of the city, holding 
membership in the Knights of Pythias, in which order he was past 
chancellor and representative to the grand lodge of Georgia for two 
terms. He is a Royal Arch Mason. 

In 1891 Mr. Wimberly married Miss Ida R. Wilcox, daughter of 
T. D. and Roxie A. (Read) Wilcox of Irwin county. Six children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Wimberly, all of whom are deceased but one son, 
Leon, aged eighteen. Thomas died when about twelve years old ; Jus- 
tine P. died at the age of fifteen, while a student at Gordon Institute at 
Barnesville. Gerald was burned to death when three years of age. Two 
died in infancy. The wife and mother passed away on August 26, 
1904. On February 14, 1906, Mr. Wimberly married Miss Carol M. 
Moorer of Savannah. Three children have been born to them, Juliet 
aged six years, Sarah, four years of age and Carol three years old. 

Col. Wade Hampton Lasseter. When a man is a descendant of a 
family that has lived in the same section of the country for more than a 
generation, he naturally feels an affection for the very soil of that 
country that others could not feel. He consequently has a deeper 
rooted loyalty to the affairs of his community, and a firm determina- 
tion to do his best towards furthering its interests. Such a man is Col. 
Wade Hampton Lasseter. He is as yet comparatively young in the 
practice of his profession, and one can not say what the future holds 
for him, but from what he has already accomplished, it is safe to say 
that greater successes await him, and that in whatever field his work 
may call him, he will ever be loyal to what he considers the best inter- 
ests of his section and his people. As a lawyer, who has been in active 
practice for a little over seven years, he has proved to be worthy of 
the admiration that is accorded to him generally. He is a keen thinker, 
a clever speaker, and is honest and straight-forward in his methods. Is 
it any wonder that he is fast winning the trust of a large circle of 
men, and that he has recently been elected to the office of judge of the 
city court .' 

Col. Wade Hampton Lasseter was born on a farm near Hawkins- 
ville, in Pulaski county, Georgia, the date of his birth being July 16, 
1 875. He was the son of Isaac S. and Martha (Ham) Lasseter. His 
father was a native of Twiggs county, and his mother was born in 
Dooly county, both counties of Georgia. His grandfather on his 
father's side was a native of North Carolina, who had emigrated to 
Georgia while still a young man. His maternal grandfather was a 
native Georgian. The father of Wade Hampton Lasseter was a private 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 781 

in the Eighteenth Georgia Infantry during the Civil war, and served 
through the long struggle between the states. Both he and his wife 
are living, and though they are past their prime they are still vigor- 
ous, and deeply interested in the affairs of the day. It is a matter of 
no small pride to them to see the way in which their son has won suc- 
cess for himself. Colonel Lasseter has several brothers, including Ed 
S., who is a resident of Cordele; S. L. ; and II. S., who is a planter in 
Dooly county. 

Colonel Lasseter only spent six months of his life on the farm where 
he was born, for his parents soon moved to Dooly county. There his 
father bought a farm near Vienna, and here the boy grew to man- 
hood. He was naturally a leader among his young friends and was 
known for his ability along argumentative lines. He seemed to have 
that gift which seems peculiarly the property of the Southern man, that 
of oratory. There is no more popular course offered in Southern colleges 
today than that in public speaking, and witness how difficult it is to 
persuade students in Northern universities to take such a course. It 
was evident from an early day that he was destined for the court room. 
He remained on the farm until he was twenty-two years of age and then 
he was sent to Emory College, at Oxford, Georgia, His preliminary 
education had been received in the country schools, and since his prep- 
aration was not very good he had to work unusually hard while in col- ' 
lege. This did not prevent him, however, from becoming very popular 
with his fellows, and he entered heartily into the activities of his student 
life. He was graduated from Emory in 1901, and thence went to Mer- 
cer University, at Mercer, Georgia. He spent three years here, com- 
pleting his work in 1904. With a regretful sigh that his student days 
were over, he now settled down to practice in Vienna. He soon became 
known as a lawyer who knew his business and in a comparatively short 
time he had a flourishing practice. He was elected in June of 1911 
to the position which he now holds, that of judge of the city court, 
Having so fine an education himself, and believing that it is the duty 
of every well educated man to enlist in the cause of education, he 
has been a prominent member of the county board of education since 
1907. He has done everything in his power to bring the schools of the 
county into as good condition as possible, but the task is a difficult one, 
for the people in the South are just waking up to the crying need for 
educational facilities all over the country. 

Colonel Lasseter is active in fraternal circles, having had many 
opportunities to observe the practical working of the theoretical prin- 
ciples of the various orders. He is a Mason, being a Royal Arch 
Mason. He belongs to the Knights of Pythias and to the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and is also a member of the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. Both he and his wife are regular attendants 
at the Methodist church in Vienna. 

Colonel Lasseter was married on November 1, 1903, to Miss Eva 
Penney. They have two children. Their son Bill is seven years old, 
and the baby of two is named Mollie. 

Col. James Oglethorpe Varnedoe. Few Georgians have had 
careers of more varied activity than the present postmaster of Valdosta, 
Colonel Varnedoe. A veteran of two wars, a teacher, merchant and 
public official, he has long been one of the prominent citizens of south- 
ern Georgia and represents one of the oldest families of the state. 

He was born at the Varnedoe summer home in Mcintosh county 
of this state on June 24. 1842. His grandfather, Nathaniel Varnedoe, 
a native of South Carolina, on coming to Georgia settled in Liberty 



782 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

county, where he began his career as a planter and acquired large 
landed interests and many slaves. He was a cultured, prosperous 
Southern planter. Many of his summers were spent at Saratoga 
Springs, New Fork, at that time the most fashionable resort in America. 
Aside from this recreation afforded him by reason of his considerable 
wealth, he lived quietly most of his time in Liberty county and died 
there, aged about sixty-four. The maiden name of his first wife, the 
grandmother of the colonel, was Jones, and she was a sister of Moses 
and Samuel Jones. She passed away at middle age, leaving four sons 
and five daughters named as follows: Samuel Me Whir, Nathaniel I., 
Leander L., Rufus A., Sarah, Louisa, Matilda, Claudia, and Anna. 
By his second marriage the grandfather had one daughter, Mary Ellen, 
and one son, who died aged eight or nine years, and whose name was 
Stockton. 

Prof. Samuel McWhir Varnedoe, the first of the sons named above 
and the father of Colonel Varnedoe, was born on the Liberty county 
plantation in 1818, and was graduated with second honors from the 
state university, then known as Franklin College. He became one of 
the successful and inspiring teachers of Ids native state and also took 
an active interest in the politics of the time. In 1855 he was candidate 
of the American party for congress from the district, that then em- 
braced the greater part of south Georgia, being defeated by Mr. Seward 
of Thomasville. For some years prior to the war he was prosperously 
engaged in farming, having two plantations in Liberty comity. With 
the overturn of the labor facilities by the war, he gave up the full 
operation of his lands and came to Valdosta, where he founded the 
Valdosta Institute, which, under his management until his death in 
1870, was one of the fine and influential schools of Georgia, in which 
many men of the present generation received their training for honora- 
ble careers. Professor Varnedoe married Miss Caroline Fraser Law, 
who was born in Liberty county, a daughter of Samuel Law. She died 
at the age of seventy-six, the mother of five children, namely: Matilda 
Law, James Oglethorpe, Charles Carroll, Sarah Louise and Samuel 
LaMartine. 

The education of James Oglethorpe Varnedoe was completed by 
graduation from the Oglethorpe University, and almost immediately 
he was ushered into the strenuous activities of war. Enlisting in 1861 
in the Liberty county troop, attached to the Fifth Georgia Cavalry 
under Col. George R. Anderson, he was for a time in the coast defense, 
and later was sent to the western army under the command of Gen. 
Joe Wheeler, one of the conspicuous southern cavalrymen. In the 
campaign against Sherman's invasion he participated in some of its 
most notable battles. A short time before the close of hostilities he 
came home to get a fresh horse, and had gone as far as South Carolina 
on his way to rejoin his command when the news of Lee's surrender 
was received. At Macon he was paroled by the federal Gen. -lames 
Wilson. , 

A I'ler Four years of military life he resumed civil pursuits in the 
capacity of a teacher, in charge of a school in Decatur county six 
months, after which he returned to Liberty county and farmed two 
years, taugb.1 a year in Brooks county, and assisted his father at the 
institute a year. He then became agent for the Southern Express 
Company and was located at Valdosla. resigning that work to become 
clerk and book-keeper for W. 11. BriggS, a prominent Valdosta mer- 
chant, with whom he remained ten years. At the end of that time he 
himself became proprietor of a general store in Valdosta. In 1890 
he organized the Valdosta Mercantile Company as a wholesale dry goods 
house, one of the successful mercantile firms of south Georgia. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 783 

In 1890 he became actively identified with the Georgia militia as 
captain of the Valdosta Videttes, and was promoted through the grades' 
of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, to colonel. With the rank of 
major at the time of the breaking out of the Spanish-American war in 
1898, he was appointed chief of the commissary department in the 
volunteer army. It is an interesting coincidence that on his entering 
the service he reported to Gen. J. H. Wilson, the federal leader to 
whom more than thirty years before he had surrendered at the close 
of the Civil war. He was assigned to General Wilson 's staff, with which 
he served in Porto Rico until the troops were withdrawn from that 
island, and was then transfei-red to the staff of General Bates in Cuba. 
In 1899, at the close of his service, Colonel Varnedoe returned to Val- 
dosta and resumed his regular business until President Roosevelt ap- 
pointed him to the postmastership. He was reappointed by President 
Taft, and has given a very efficient administration of this local federal 
office. 

Colonel Varnedoe was married in 1864 to Miss Harriet Louise 
Busby, a native of Liberty county. Her death occurred in 1897. The 
present Mrs. Varnedoe was Miss Anna Elizabeth Rogers, a native of 
Macon and daughter of William and Delia Rogers. Mrs. Varnedoe is 
one of the talented Georgia women, known for her artistic accomplish- 
ments throughout the state. After her graduation from the Wesleyan 
Female College at Macon she studied art in Boston and later in France, 
some of her work having received the recognition most desired by 
artists, reception in the Paris Salon. She is the author of the paint- 
ing of Gen. John B. Gordon, executed for the state of Georgia. Colonel 
Varnedoe by his first marriage has three children — Sarah Louise, David 
Comfort and Hallie Lois. Sarah is the wife of Judge John Cranford, 
and has four children — James Varnedoe, Hallie, Ora Lee and Sarah. 
David C. married Wenona Jones, and they are the parents of two 
children — Wyenelle and Virginia. Colonel Varnedoe is a member and 
ruling elder in the Presbyterian church. 

William Breckinridge Conoley. Twenty years ago Mr. Conoley 
was getting $25 a month as a "woods superintendent" in the turpentine 
industry of Georgia. His name is now associated as an official or 
stockholder in half a dozen or more of the important business and 
industrial enterprises of south Georgia. He had the ability and indus- 
try required by the modern world of affairs, and has been rewarded 
with prosperity and influence. Mr. Conoley is one of the prominent 
citizens of Valdosta, where he has resided since 1903. 

William Breckinridge Conoley was born in Robeson county, North 
Carolina, on February 17. 1866. His family and its connections were 
prominent in that state from an early period. The great-grandfather 
Conoley, a native of Ireland, crossed the Atlantic and settled in Robe- 
son county, North Carolina, buying land in the south part of the county, 
where he farmed until his death, and was buried on the homestead. 
A slab of light wood, inscribed with his name and date of death, marks 
his last resting place. Two brothers came with "him to America, and 
they settled in New York. 

William Conoley, son of this pioneer and grandfather of the Val- 
dosta business man. was born in Robeson county early in the last cen- 
tury, and remained a lifelong resident and farmer of that vicinity, 
his death occurring at the age of about fifty years. He married Annie 
Patterson, a native of the same county and of pure Scotch ancestry, 
being a descendant of the Campbells of Scotland. She survived her 
husband, attaining the good old age of about eighty. Her six children 



784 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

were named John Alexander Patterson, James, Scott, Sidney, Ann and 
Sarah. 

John Alexander Patterson Conoley, the father, had an interesting 
career. Born in Rohesou county, North Carolina, January 26, 1834, 
he was reared on a farm and at the time of his marriage bought a tract 
of unimproved land and built a log house with a clay floor and a dirt 
and stick chimney with large fireplace — this being the home in which 
he began wedded life and in which some of his children were born. His 
career as fanner was interrupted by the war, in which he made a fine 
record as soldier and officer. July 22, 1861, he enlisted in Company D 
of the Second North Carolina Cavalry, which was attached to Gen. 
J. E. B. Stuart's famous cavalry corps in the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. His own service included many of the most important battles and 
campaigns of the war — Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, the Wilderness 
and many of the encounters and struggles about Richmond and Peters- 
burg, being at the latter place when the mine was exploded. At one 
time he was knocked senseless by the concussion of a shell, and his 
comrades, thinking him dead, threw him into a pit, where he lay face 
upward in a pool of water until regaining consciousness, and then 
returned to his company. He was also once captured, but was soon 
exchanged. Enlisting as a private he was promoted by merit and faith- 
ful service through the different grades to major. At the end of the 
war he resumed farming for three years, was then in the turpentine 
industry four years, after which he returned to the quiet pursuits of 
the farm, and continued so until his death on October 25, 1904. 

' Major Conoley married Sarah Curry, who still resides on the old 
homestead in North Carolina. She was born in Robeson county, July 
22, 1836. Her grandfather was Edward Curry, a native of Scotland, 
who afterwards immigrated to America and bought land near Lumber 
Bridge in Robeson county, where he spent the rest of his days, his 
body now resting in the Lumber Bridge churchyard. In Scotland 
he had been a distiller of brandy, and Robert Burns, as a revenue offi- 
cer, had once raided his premises and cut his still in two pieces. He 
had it repaired and brought it to America with him. After his death 
his son, the father of Mrs. Conoley, had the still stored in a corn erib. 
He was often importuned to sell it, but always refused. About 1840 
someone entered the crib, took the still and left ten dollars in payment. 
For many years nothing was known of its whereabouts, until 1905, 
when it was captured in a raid by U. S. revenue officers in Cumber- 
land county and taken to Raleigh. Its peculiar construction attracted 
attention, descriptions were published in the press, and it was con- 
clusively identified as the same which had been brought over by Edward 
Curry about a. century before. Malcomb Curry, father of Mrs. Conoley, 
was a native and lifelong resident of Robeson county, where he died 
at. the age of seventy-eight. He was a blacksmith and farmer, and had 
a shop on his farm. He married Catherine McNinch, of Scotch ances- 
try and a native of Robeson county. Sarah (Curry) Conoley is one 
of the venerable women who during early life were trained in the 
home industries which have long since passed out of fashion. She 
cooked by a fireplace, carded, spun and wove cotton and wool, and 
dressed her family in homespun clothes. She reared six children, 
whose names were: Catherine Ann Virginia, Charles Hamilton. Lou- 
vinia Robeson. John Lee. William Breckinridge and Alice Vitz Ellen. 
Industrious habits were part of the home training for all. and while 
the boys did the work of the farm the daughters were learning the 
same household arts of spinning and other things which their mother 
had employed. Mr. Conoley has two sisters. Jeanette and Catherine. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 785 

In this way the early years of William B. Conoley were spent upon 
the old homestead in North Carolina. At the age of sixteen he first left> 
home, spending four months in Georgia, and two years later again came 
to this state to remain some eight months. Finally in 1890 he began 
his permanent residence in Georgia, beginning work for his brother, 
John L., as a "woods superintendent" in the turpentine industry. 
In this way he acquired a thorough knowledge of turpentine produc- 
tion, and in 1894 engaged in the business for himself in Colquitt county. 
Mr. Conoley was actively identified with this important line of Georgia 
manufacture until 1905, and from his success in this has transferred 
his interests and activities to various other important enterprises. In 
1903 he moved to Valdosta, where he built his present attractive home. 
At the present time Mr. Conoley is owner of extensive farm lands in 
Lowndes and Colquitt counties, Georgia, and in Fernando and Pasco 
counties, Florida ; is vice-president of the Valdosta & Moultrie Railroad 
Company ; vice-president of the Valdosta Power & Light Company ; 
a director in the Valdosta Bank & Trust Company ; is stockholder in 
the Jacksonville Development Company and the Southern Drug & 
Manufacturing Company of Jacksonville, Florida, and a stockholder 
in the Valdosta Times Publishing Company ; in the Citizens Bank of ' 
Moultrie and of the Valdosta Realty Company. 

Mr. Conoley was married on December 20, 1893, to Miss Clara Alline 
Spivey, who was born in Lowndes county, a daughter of J. Benton and 
Adella Spivey. Clara A., "William B., Jr., and Clyde Elizabeth are 
the names of the children born to Mr. and Mrs. Conolev. The first, 
Clara A., was born January 26, 1895, and died July 29, 1899. Mr. 
Conoley and his daughter are members of the Presbyterian church, 
while his wife belongs to the Missionary Baptist. Mr. Conoley is an 
active Mason, having membership in St. Johns Lodge, F. & A. M., 
Valdosta Chapter, R. A. M., Malta Commandery, No. 16, K. T., and 
the Alee Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 

John A. Neese. One finds occupying the position of judge of the 
city court of Eastman, Georgia, a man who is worthy of the trust 
implied when he was appointed to this position. John A. Neese is a 
man who has scarcely reached his prime, yet has proved to be not only 
a clever lawyer but a broad minded citizen. Gifted with a natural 
eloquence, and with a logical and clear method of expression, his suc- 
cess is not to be wondered at. He is especially interested in educational 
affairs, believing that the South is more greatly in need of good schools 
than of anything at present. He is a native of the state of Georgia, 
and has grown up within her boundaries, and no man is more loyal to 
her interests or more interested in her future than is John A. Neese. 

The maternal grandfather of Judge Neese, John A. Brown, was a 
veteran of the civil war, having participated in all of the campaigns, 
from Chattanooga to Dalton. The war proved fatal to him, for he 
died at home from sickness contracted during his years as a soldier. 
The father of Judge Neese was John Wesley Neese, a Methodist minis- 
ter belonging to the North Georgia conference. He was born in 1840, 
and died on December 9, 1884. His wife was Sarah Elizabeth Brown, 
who was born in 1850, a native of Hart county, Georgia, and is still 
living. 

Judge Neese was born on June 24, 1866, in Hart county, Georgia. 
He received his education in the district schools of North Georgia, his 
education being somewhat fragmentary, because of the frequent moves 
necessitated by the demands of his father's profession. He early in 
life determined to become a lawyer, and soon after leaving school, began 



786 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

to read law with J. F. L. Bond, of Danielsville, Georgia. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1894, at Danielsville, the county seat of Madi- 
son county. He opened his first office at Carnesville, Georgia, where 
he soon had a flourishing practice. He determined, after having prac- 
ticed long enough to have added the lessons which experience teaches 
to those learned from his law books, that he was ready to attempt a 
larger field, and so in 1906 moved to Eastman. In 1910, on December 
25th, lie was appointed by Governor Brown as judge of the city court 
of Eastman, and has filled this rather difficult position to the satisfac- 
tion of both lawyers and citizens not of the profession. 

Judge Neese was married on December 25, 1888, to Ella Tucker, 
a daughter of C. C. Tucker, of Hart county, Georgia, who was a promi- 
nent farmer in that section. Judge and Mrs. Neese are the parents of 
three children. The eldest of these, Wesley Loviek, was born on Feb- 
ruary 14, 1900, and is now employed by the government in the post- 
office department of Milledgeville, Georgia. Blanche, who was born on 
February 14, 1901, is living at home. Two of the children died in 
infancy, and the youngest, Donald, was born on February 14, 1902. 
The father of Mrs. Neese was a soldier in the Civil war. 

From 1895 to 1902 Judge Neese was county school commissioner 
of Franklin county. He resigned from this post, but was immediately 
elected a member of the board of education of Franklin county, which 
post he resigned when he came to Eastman to live. In January, 1912, 
he was elected member of the city board of education for a four year 
term. Throughout these years of public service he won a reputation 
for progressive action which he has never lost. He is a member of 
the Masonic order, and belongs to the blue lodge. Both he and his 
wife are earnest members and workers in the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

Judge James Bishop, Sr. The life of Judge James Bishop, Sr., 
has been intimately connected with the growth and development of 
Eastman, Georgia, and the surrounding country. Having lived all of 
his life in this section, he has taken an active interest in its prosperity 
and has had a hand in some of the most beneficial enterprises in the 
county. He is one of the men who is helping the South to win back the 
prosperity which was hers before the war swept away everything. Peo- 
ple say, "It is Northern capital that is bringing wealth to the South." 
It is often true, and the South is grateful, but she is returning them 
fourfold the money which they are spending in her mines and cotton 
fields and mills; and it is to such men as James Bishop that the South 
turns her loving eyes, knowing that when he invests money he does it. 
thinking of the good it will bring to the country, and not purely of the 
money it will put in his pocket. He belongs to that class of men who 
favors inviting and welcoming capital and intelligence to his city, and 
to the county expert tillers of the ground, on whom the multiplied mil- 
lions of earth are dependent for their bread and meat. He is in full 
sympathy and accord with every movement that tends to encourage and 
foster agricultural advancement, which he considers the most important 
avocation under the sun, and the only safe and sure vocation that keeps 
the nation alive and prosperous. ^Ir. Bishop believes firmly in the prin- 
ciples of brotherhood as set forth in the creed of the Masonic Order. 
He is a charter member of the Eastman lodge, and is a Royal Arch 
Mason, having been initiated, passed and raised to the sublime degree 
of a Master Mason in Mount Hope lodge. No. 9. F. & A. M.. Hawkins- 
ville, Georgia, in the twenty-second year of his age, and a few years 
afterward he became a member of Constantine Chapter No. 3. Macon, 



V 




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^ 





SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 787 

Georgia. He is perhaps among the oldest living members of that fra- 
ternity in the state, his Masonic years numbering sixty-two. His po-^ 
litical creed in his early days was that of an Old Line Whig of the Clay 
and Webster type, both of whom he regarded as supreme models of 
American statesmanship and patriotism. After the war he identified 
himself with southern Democracy and has never since been known to 
vote any other than a straight Democratic ticket. During the war 
he belonged to the State Troops and was stationed for quite a while 
at Camp Rescue, Macon, Ga., on provost duty, and faithfully perform- 
ing every other military duty required of him without a murmur. 
Before the war Judge Bishop was postmaster at Bishop 's Store and after 
the war at Inglewood ; and during the war he was appointed post- 
master at Johnston Postoffice established by the Confederate govern- 
ment and named by President Davis in honor of his bosom friend, the 
lamented General Albert Sidney Johnston, who was killed at the Battle 
of Shiloh. All of these offices were located at the same place, on the 
very spot of his birthplace. He married Mary E. Guyton, daughter of 
Major Moses Guyton, an extensive planter of Laurens county, Georgia, 
but a native of South Carolina. Her mother before marriage was Mary 
Love, a native Georgian, a sister of Judge Peter E. Love, who was a 
member of congress from the second congressional district of Georgia 
when the state seceded from the Union. Mrs. Bishop was a lady of 
pronounced culture and refinement, with a finished education, which 
was primarily received from scholarly private teachers in her father's 
family, and afterwards at Charlestown Female Seminary, Massachu- 
setts, and at LaGrange, Georgia. She was the instrument of organizing 
the first missionary society in Eastman, The Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal church, South Georgia 
Conference, and was instrumental in organizing many others in differ- 
ent counties, being vice president for the district. She also organized a 
society known as "The Dorcas Society," which afterwards merged into 
"The" Woman's Home Mission Society." She died December 18, 1888, 
at their Inglewood home, where she was temporarily residing, but was 
buried in Woodlawn cemetery at Eastman. Mr. and Mrs. Bishop had 
born to them eight children, three sons and five daughters. The boys 
are all dead, the girls are all living. Saxon, the oldest, died at the age 
of twenty; Guyton. the youngest, at the age of one; James, Jr., the 
second child and son, at the age of fifty. He was happily married to 
Miss Minnie Douglas, of Talbotton, Ga., who is still living. He was a 
lawyer of marked ability. After graduating with a speaker's place at 
old Franklin College, now known as the University of Georgia, he read 
law under Colonel Clifford Anderson, former attorney-general, and 
was admitted to the bar in his young manhood, and was soon recognized 
and classed as one among the best lawyers in his .judicial circuit. His 
first legal battle was by appointment of the court in the defense of the 
Eastman rioters. This unpleasant duty he reluctantly, though faith- 
fully and fearlessly performed, under the most trying circumstances 
to his personal feelings. This trial resulted in the hanging of five 
negroes from the same scaffold, four men and one woman, a life sent- 
ence for nine, and a large number of acquittals. In addition to his 
general practice in the courts he was the leading attorney in this ter- 
ritory for the Southern Railway Company, and legal adviser and trusted 
representative of The William E. Dodge Land & Lumber Company, 
the largest concern of its kind in the state. Both of these positions he 
held without an effort from the time of his appointment to the day 
of his death, under the firm name of DeLacy and Bishop. He was 
mayor of Eastman for two years, giving the city the most satisfactory 

Vol. 11—17 



788 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

and brilliant administration it ever had. He was also judge of the city 
court of Eastman under Governor Chandler's administration. He died 
February 20, 1908, deeply mourned by a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. Every order and organization of the city paid loving 
tribute to his memory, covering his casket with rare and costly flowers. 
In his death the city, county and state lost a useful citizen. He was 
held in bigh esteem by every one who knew him for his unblemished 
character and many virtues. He was emphatically a good man in its 
most extensive signification. Of Judge Bishop's five daughters, three 
are widows and two are unmarried. Mary, who now lives in Jackson- 
ville, Florida, was married to G. F. Harrison, a native Georgian and 
farmer. He died May 9, 1907. Carolyn resides in Waynesville, N. C. 
Her husband was R. L. Bush, a North Carolinian and turpentine op- 
erator. He died April 11, 1898. Estelle, whose home is Orlando, 
Florida, was the wife of E. W. Bullock, a native of North Carolina 
and a naval stores dealer. He died December 1, 1910. Helen and 
Emma, the unmarried daughters, live with their father in Eastman. 
Each of Judge Bishop's widowed daughters have one or more grown 
sons, all brilliant young men, filling honorable and remunerative posi- 
tions. He has twelve living grandchildren and four great grandchil- 
dren. The father of Judge James Bishop, Sr., was Simeon Bishop, a 
native of New Jersey. He came South when a young man to super- 
intend a large lumber business near Darien, Georgia, but later made 
his home in the southern part of Pulaski county, where he conducted a 
large and lucrative mercantile business. He was a man of excep- 
tional business capacity, much loved by his numeous customers, many 
of whom almost idolized him for his upright dealings and unbounded 
generosity. He died October 15, 1836, in the fortieth year of his age. 
Judge Bishop's mother before marriage was Nancy J. Daniel, whose 
parents moved from South Carolina to Georgia when she was quite 
young. She was a strong-minded woman of great force of character 
and determination. She died March 16, 1874, at the age of seventy- 
three. Judge James Bishop, Sr., the subject of this sketch, was born 
in Pulaski county, December 1, 1829. He was left fatherless when 
only seven years old. His mother gave him a liberal education in some 
of the best village schools of the state, but for the best part of his moral 
and mental training he feels deeply indebted to the Rev. Adam T. 
Holmes, a noted school teacher and distinguished Baptist minister and 
graduate of Yale College, under whose immediate supervision and tutor- 
ship he remained for four successive years. He read law under Judge 
A. H. Hansel, and though prepared for admission to the bar, decided 
to abandon the law and settle clown on the old plantation where he was 
born, preferring the ease and independence of farm life to that of a 
profession. Here he remained until the close of the Civil war. when 
in common with all Southern slave bolders his entire inheritance was 
almost completely wiped out, leaving him only a large body of land, a 
few borses and mules, with nothing to feed them on. and no one to look 
after them but bimself. Soon after the surrender that part of Pulaski 
where his home is situated was cut off to help form the new county 
of Dodge, with Eastman as the county site. Judge Bishop, foreseeing 
the future possibilities of the new town, moved there while yet in its 
infancy and has lived to see it grow, as if by magic, from a mere hamlet 
to its present dimensions, with every element of industry, enterprise 
and intelligence that constitute a perfect and model city with undi- 
minished lustre still in waiting. Judge Bishop was the second mayor 
of the town, succeeding General Ira R. Foster, the first incumbent, 
under whose administration as clerk of council, he formulated the 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 789 

original ordinances of the city, most of which are still in force. Within 
the last half century Judge Bishop has filled many places of honor and 
trust, among which may be mentioned that of merchant, Sunday school 
superintendent, jury commissioner, county school commissioner for 
twelve consecutive years, editor, express and railroad agent, newspaper 
correspondent, bank president and other positions of less responsibility, 
but equally important. He was also appointed by the governor of the 
state judge of the county court with limited criminal and civil juris- 
diction. In every instance he gave perfect and entire satisfaction to 
all concerned, voluntarily resigning them one by one as best suited 
his convenience and pleasure. Judge Bishop has now retired from 
all business activities and will spend his remaining days in Eastman, 
the city of his cherished pride, where he has a choice home, plenti- 
fully stocked with fruits and flowers, with his dutiful and devoted 
daughter, Helen, at the head of the household, giving her life in adding 
comforts to her father's declining years. 

Peyton L. Wade is one of the men of note in the state of Georgia 
today. As a lawyer he has made a brilliant record, early becoming 
known not only as a man of splendid attainments in his profession 
but as a man who was worthy in every way to uphold the standard of 
honor and integrity that the family of which he is a member had 
always been noted for. A man was heard to remark the other day 
that one must go south in order to find the natural lawyer. If this is 
true, then Mr. Wade is a fair example, for he would seem to have been 
gifted by nature with those gifts of eloquence, logical reasoning and the 
power of persuasion that are of so great value to the successful lawyer. 
Adding to natural ability a tendency for hard work and a lasting enthu- 
siasm, he has won from fate a fair measure of prosperity and is now in 
his prime, reaping the reward of years of hard work and close application. 

Peyton L. Wade was born in Screven county, Georgia, on January 
9, 1865, the son of Robert M. Wade and Frederica (Washburn) Wade. 
Screven county was the birthplace of the father as well as of the son, and 
the birth date of the former was March 4, 1840. The Wade family is 
an old and well-known family in Savannah and the vicinity, and Robert 
Wade added luster to the name. He was educated at the Georgia 
Military Institute, at Marietta, Georgia, being graduated from this 
institution in 1860. He then took up his medical studies in Savannah 
but they speedily came to an end, for the Civil war broke out and the 
young would-be physician turned soldier to defend his beloved South- 
land. He enlisted in the First Georgia Regulars, and was first lieu- 
tenant of the company. Afterwards he served on the staff of Gen. 
Frank W. Capers as aide, in the Georgia militia. After the Georgia 
militia were disbanded, he served in the Twenty-second Georgia Bat- 
tery Artillery as hospital steward, in charge of a field hospital. After 
the evacuation of Savannah, was in the quartermaster's department 
for a time. He served in Virginia in the active campaigns there at the 
beginning, and later, as stated, in connection with militia and hospital 
department in the field. The story of the nobility and bravery of the 
surgeons and doctors during the Civil war has never been told, and 
probably never will be, for their heroism was like the work of the 
electricians in a play, carried on behind the scenes, and so easier for- 
gotten than the spectacle being presented on the stage. In how many 
hearts today lingers the memory of such men as Dr. Wade, who helped 
to render bearable the terrible conditions that existed in the hospital 
camps. Lieutenant Wade was at the battle of Bentonville, and sur- 
rendered with Jos. E. Johnson. When there was no longer any need 



790 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

of his services and the war was a closed incident, he attended the 
medical department of the University of Maryland at .Baltimore, from 
which he was graduated in 1872. He then moved to Athens, Georgia, 
and entered the practice of medicine, which he continued up to a short 
time before his death, which occurred in December, 1904. 

The following notice in an Athens paper was a deserved tribute and 
expressed the feeling of the people among whom he lived for a quarter 
of a century : 

"Dr. R. M. Wade is dead, and with his passing out there is removed 
one of the noblest, truest men that ever lived in Athens. We have 
known him for many years, and have observed his walk among us. He 
had a heart pure as gold and big enough to take in all the suffering 
and sorrow around him, and alleviate all the distress and suffering that 
came under his notice. Unostentatious, tender and true, he was an 
ornament to his profession and to society. He had been a sufferer for 
some years with Bright 's disease and succumbed to the ravages of this 
fell destroyer on Wednesday at 6 o'clock. He and his good wife have 
raised a noble family of sons and daughters, who are ornaments to 
society. Their loss is great, because of the extreme tender affection 
each held for the other. He was a stanch member of the Methodist 
church, and that institution will miss him much. Our deepest sympa- 
thies go out to the bereaved in their great loss. ' ' 

The wife of Dr. Wade was also a member of a very prominent family 
in this region, her father being Joseph Washburn, who was president 
of the old Savannah Bank for many years prior to the war of 1861, 
one of the best known financial institutions in the state at that time. 

The schools of Georgia being very poor during the years that 
Peyton Wade was growing up, he was educated largely by private 
tutors, but the objection that is usually urged against this type of 
education, that is of the lack of inspiration through contact with 
other children, was needless in his case, for he was one of a large 
family, and soon learned the lessons of self-reliance and generosity. 
He was the eldest; next in order is Eugene W-. who was born in 
1868 and is now living in Galveston, Texas; Edward I., born in 1870. 
is a resident of San Francisco, California ; Rosalie lives in Athens. 
Georgia, and she was born in 1873 ; Robert M., Jr., who was bom in 
1876, also lives in Athens; Macon, Georgia, is the home of Fred H.. 
who was born in 1878 ; and the youngest, Georgia, is in Athens ; her 
birth occurred in 1885. After his elementary education was practically 
complete, Peyton L. Wade attended the high school in Atlanta. Geor- 
gia, for a year, and then entered the State University of Georgia, from 
which he was graduated in 1886 with distinction, fifth in his class of 
forty-seven. He spent the next two years in reading law with his uncle. 
Ulysses P. Wade, at Sylvania, Georgia, and was admitted to the bar there 
in 1888, and returned to Athens, where after practicing Ids profession 
for a year, he came to Dublin, Georgia, where he has since remained. 

He has never caved to take an active part in politics, as do so many 
men of the Legal profession, for he feels that politics have often been 
the ruination of a good lawyer. Mr. Wade was married on April 13, 
1895, to Gussie K. Black, a daughter of George R. Black, who was 
congressman from the Savannah district. Mrs. Wade's grandfather 
was Edward J. Black, in his day a distinguished lawyer, who also served 
in congress for several terms from the same district represented after- 
wards by Ins son, Geo. R. Black. Mr. and Mrs. Wade have one child. 
Prederica, who was bora in Dublin, in 1901. 

Roger Dyer Flynt. The year 1902 saw Roger Dyer Flynt gradu- 
ated from the law department of his alma mater, and the same year 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 791 

saw his establishment in practice in the city of Dublin, Georgia, where 
he associated himself in a partnership with L. R. Milton, under the' 
firm name of Flynt & Milton. 

Born on August 2, 1881, at Union Point, Greene county, Georgia, 
Roger Dyer Flynt is the son of William T. and Lilla (Moore) Flynt, 
The father was born on October 5, 1850, and the mother on May 26, 
1856; she died the day before Easter Sunday, 1912. William T. Flynt 
is still living and enjoying life in the freedom from care in his declin- 
ing years. They were natives of Taliaferro and Greene counties, respect- 
ively, and the father, who was a farmer during many years of his life, 
is now postmaster at Sharon, Georgia, He is a man of prominence 
in his section of the state, and served two terms in the state senate in 
the years 1890-91 and 1896-97. His service was for the nineteenth 
senatorial district, comprising the counties of Taliaferro, Warren and 
Greene. He now resides in Taliaferro county, which has always been 
his home, and where their son, the subject of this review, lived until he 
was twenty years of age. 

Roger D. Flynt attended the country schools of his home com- 
munity as a boy, later was entered at the Stephens high school at Craw- 
fordville, Georgia, the same having been named for Alexander H. 
Stephens, and his old home being still used for the home of the teachers. 
In Mercer University, at Macon, Georgia, he studied law, and was duly 
graduated in 1902. Almost immediately thereafter he came to Dublin 
and formed a partnership with Mr. Milton, as previously stated, but 
their association continued only a short time. The next combination 
of which he was a member was that of Williams, Flynt & Blackshier. 
In 1905 Mr. Flynt withdrew from the firm and went to Crawfordville, 
where he edited the Advocate, Democratic, for a year, during 1906. His 
next entry into the law was at Dallas, Georgia, in partnership with 
a Mr. Whitworth. In that city he also did considerable newspaper 
work, finding himself with a peculiar talent for the work and his services 
always in demand, his connection with newspaper business in Dallas 
being on the New Era. In 1908 he returned to Dublin, here forming 
an association with M. II. Blackshier, which endured for a year, and 
he then joined forces with Judge Adams, and later became the partner 
of G. H. Williams, with whom he is now connected. 

Mr. Flynt is a director of the Carnegie library of Dublin, as well as 
secretary and treasurer of the library. He is a member of the Baptist 
church. On October 10, 1912, he married Miss Nellie Louise John- 
ston, daughter of John G. Johnston, a business man of Dexter, Georgia. 
She is a graduate of the state normal school of Athens, Georgia. 

Mr. Flynt is one of the seven children of his parents, all of whom 
are living. Fitzhugh G, the eldest, is a civil engineer of Nashville, 
Tennessee; Albert H. is principal of the school of Carlton, Georgia; 
Roger D. was the third born; Max S. lives in Atlanta, Georgia; Roy A. 
is assistant civil engineer of the L. & N. R. R. at Pensacola, 
Florida ; Mabel and Donald are at home with the parents, and are 
students in the public schools. Mr. Flynt 's maternal grandfather. 
Dr. W. A. Moore, was a physician who practiced a number of years 
at Union Point, Greene county, Georgia, and at Milledgeville, Georgia. 

Soloman Herrman. The city of Eastman is proud of her mayor, 
and she has a good right to be, for he is one of the most progressive 
men in this section of the state and has contributed largely to the suc- 
cess of the city and the surrounding country. His success has been 
due entirely to his own efforts, for with the exception of a good edu- 
cation he started out in life with little to help him in getting a start. 



792 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

His business ability, especially along financial lines, is undoubted and 
his position as president of one of the most reliable and prosperous 
banks in Eastman is a proof of this fact. No measure conducive to 
the welfare of the people of Eastman is carried out without the aid 
or the leadership of Mr. Herrman, and the people of Eastman showed 
their appreciation of his services as well as their confidence in his 
sincere efforts to aid in the development of the city, and the cause of 
good government, by electing him mayor. 

Soloman Herrman was born on August 20, 1859, in Dublin, Georgia. 
His parents, both natives of Germany, were Henry and Henrietta 
(Goodman) Herrman. The father emigrated from Bavaria, which 
was also the mother's native province, in 1849. He located in New 
York, where he married his wife, and where they resided for a short 
time. They came to Georgia about 1852, and located in Dublin, where 
Mr. Herrman went into the mercantile business. Soloman Herrman 
is the eldest of a family of four, the others being Dr. J. D. Herrman, 
Albert Herrman, who is in the insurance business in Eastman, and 
Mrs. S. Harris. Henry Herrman died in 1875, aged fifty-three, and 
his wife reached the age of sixty-six, dying in 1893. 

Soloman Herrman received his earlier education in the schools at 
Dublin, Georgia, and his later education in the public schools of New 
York City. His parents moved back to this metropolis for the sake 
of giving their children a better education than they could secure in 
Georgia, and when the}' had completed their studies, the parents moved 
back to Georgia. Soloman Herrman entered the business world as a 
merchant, the scene of his first efforts being Eastman, though it was 
quite a different Eastman from the city today. He first came here 
in 1872, when the immense cotton trade which now amounts to about 
eighteen thousand bales per year, was only about two hundred. There 
was not a brick building in the place, where now there are between 
eighty and one hundred. Mr. Herrman has therefore grown up with 
the town, and with each step forward that she has made he has risen also. 

The biggest feat which Mr. Herrman has accomplished in recent 
years is the organization of the Merchants and Farmers Bank. This 
bank was founded in 1905, and Mr. Herrman was one of the leading 
promoters who stood ready to support the enterprise should it show 
signs of failing. However, nothing like that happened, and the bank 
was a success from the very beginning. Mr. Herrman was elected vice- 
president, and held this position until the bank was organized in 1910 
into the First National Hank, when he became president. This bank 
is one of the leading financial institutions in this part of the state. 
The capital stock is $100,000, and the corporation owns the building 
in which the bank is located, it having been built especially for the 
purpose. 

Mr. Herrman was elected mayor in 1912 to succeed his brother, 
Doctor Herrman, who had served as the chief executive of the city 
for the two preceding terms. Soloman Herrman is also president of 
the Dodge Fertilizer Works, and is the principal owner in this enter- 
prise, lie is also deeply interested in agriculture and owns a planta- 
tion that supports about one hundred and fifty souls. About twelve 
hundred acres of this land is under cultivation, being planted largely 
in cotton. He handles about thirty plows, and raises on an average of 
three hundred hales of cotton yearly. His deep interest in educa- 
tional matters is shown by his membership on the board of education 
for the city. He has been an active member of the board for sixteen 
years, and the present state of the city schools is due in no small 
measure to his efforts. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 793 

Mr. Herrman was married on December 7, 1892, to Sophie Bashinski 
of Tennille, Washington county, Georgia. She is the daughter of Sam 
Bashinski, a merchant of that place. Mr. and Mrs. Herrman have four 
children. Joseph was born on February 19, 1895; TheLma's birthday 
was July 15, 1898 : September 3, 1900, saw the birth of Julian, and 
Jennie Claire was born on August 20, 1905. 

Mr. Herrman is a Royal Arch Mason, a charter member of the chap- 
ter at Eastman, and a member of the blue lodge, also in Eastman. In 
his religious beliefs he is a Hebrew. 

John Benjamin Clark, M. D., is one of the best known physicians 
m the central part of Georgia, and a man whose efficiency and lofty 
purpose entitle him to stand high among the names in the medical pro- 
fession. Thoroughly grounded in the elements of medicine at several 
eastern schools of high standing he has since increased his knowledge 
by the experience gained from his large general practice. Although 
he has been an extremely busy man he has yet found time for civic 
and social interests and is a prominent and popular man in his locality. 

Born in Dodge county, Georgia, March 29, 1869, his parents were 
Harlow and Cassie Annie (Miller) Clark. Dodge county, or Mont- 
gomery county, as it was called at that time, was also the birthplace 
of his father, who first saw the light on February 26, 1845. Mr. Clark, 
Sr., who is still living, ran away from home when he was fourteen years 
of age to enter the army, enlisting under Col. Alfred H. Colquist in 
Wheeler's Brigade. Many times during the war he proved himself 
a hero, and even after the surrender was in a battle below Atlanta. 
Dr. Clark's mother was born near Mt. Vernon, Montgomery county, 
September 19, 1846. The subject of this sketch was one of five children, 
four of whom, Symanthy T., Mary F. and Cassie G. are still living. 
His one brother, Bartlett Hamilton, died in March, 1905, just five 
days before he was to have been graduated from the law school of the 
University of Virginia. 

Dr. Clark received his primary education in the public schools of 
Dodge county, and from them was sent to Dahlonega Agriculture 
College, where he took both the preparatory and college courses. He 
received his A. B. degree with the class of 1891. Most of his medical 
work was taken at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, 
Maryland; he supplemented the teaching he received there, however, 
by attending at the same time the lectures at Johns Hopkins University. 
After receiving his M. D. he at once started practice in Eastman, where 
his merits as a physician and his personal integrity soon attracted to 
him a substantial clientele. Dr. Clark has found opportunity among 
the many demands on his time for a participation in social affairs, and 
is a Royal Arch Mason and a Shriner K. T., holding membership in 
the Macon lodge. He is also a substantial landowner, owning the title 
deed to fourteen hundred acres of land, of which eleven hundred are 
under cultivation, and bearing sufficiently to support as tenants seventy- 
two people. 

His wife, Annie M. Clark, is the daughter of Robert Harwell of 
Mechlinburg, Virginia, and is a graduate of St. Mary's Female Sem- 
inary of Maryland. They have had three children, Frederick Harlow, 
born in 1895 ; Alma May, born in 1898, and Mary Campbell, born in 
1907. Frederick is at present a student at College Park, Atlanta. 

Joseph Daniel Wilson. An active and prosperous merchant, a 
whole-souled and pleasant gentleman, and a progressive citizen, 
Joseph Daniel Wilson of Quitman has contributed his full share in 



794 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

promoting the best interests of this section of Brooks county. A son 
of Jeremiah Wilson, Jr., he was born November 12, 1862, on the 
parental homestead in Brooks county. Georgia, four miles from Quit- 
man. 

His grandfather, Jeremiah Wilson, Sr., was born in Ireland. He 
lived for a while in Effingham county. Georgia, from there coming to 
the southern part of the state, and locating in that part of Lowndes 
county that is now included within the limits of Brooks county. The 
country roundabout was then heavily timbered, with only here and 
there an open place in which stood the cabin of the pioneer. Game 
of all kinds filled the forests, and the Indians, which still claimed 
this land as their happy hunting ground, made frequent raids upon 
the whites, ofttimes massacring many of the newcomers. The grand- 
father was a member of a company formed for defense against the 
hostile savages, and for services which he rendered in various Indian 
warfares was granted two lots of land. The tracts which he selected for 
his own were in that part of Lowndes county now included in Brooks 
county, one lying six miles north of Quitman, and the other four 
miles to the northwest. He located on the latter tract, the removal from 
Walton county being made with teams, the only mode of transportation 
in those early days, before railroads Avere dreamed of. Clearing a 
space, he erected a log house, splitting puncheon for the floors, and 
riving shakes for the roofs. He was a well educated man. and did 
much of the surveying of public lands. In 1858 he surveyed and 
platted the town of Quitman. A successful agriculturist, be carried 
on general farming with the help of slaves, continuing to reside on 
his farm until his death at the age of seventy-two years. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Betty Lucas, survived him a brief time. 

The only son in a family of seven children, Jeremiah Wilson. Jr., 
was five years old when he came with his parents to Brooks county. 
Succeeding to the occupation in which be was reared, and inheriting 
the parental homestead, he carried on general farming throughout 
his active career, being assisted by slaves until they were freed. He 
was quite prosperous in his undertakings, and operated his land until 
bis death, in 1891. 

Jeremiah Wilson, Jr., married Delilah Robinson, who was born in 
Wayne county. Georgia, in 1829, a daughter of James Robinson. Her 
grandfather. Frederick Robinson, was born either in England, or in 
North Carolina, of English parents. He fought bravely for independ- 
ence in the Revolutionary war, assisting the colonists in their heroic 
struggle. About 1818 he migrated to Georgia, becoming one of the 
early settlers of Wayne county. Purchasing land on the west side of 
the Altamaha river, be began the improvement of a farm, and was 
there a resident until his death. He married Jane Thomas, who was 
born in North Carolina, and died in Wayne county, Georgia. 

One of a family of six children, James Robinson was born in Robin- 
son county. North Carolina, and came with the family to Georgia as 
a youth. When ready to establish a household of his own, he bought 
land at Fort Harrington. Wayne county, and began life as a tiller of 
the soil. Moving with bis wife and their three children to Lowndes 
county in 1834, he purchased land situated but two miles from Throop- 
ville. then the county seat, making the removal with teams of bis own, 
they being not carriages, but carts drawn by oxen or horses. In 1836 
he disposed of that farm, moving to the west part of the county, in 
the part now included in Brooks county. Purchasing a tract of land 
lying one mile west of Okapileo creek, Mr. Robinson erected a log 
house, and began the pioneer task of redeeming a farm from the forest. 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 795 

People of this part of the Union then lived in a very primitive manner, 
there being neither railways in the state, and no convenient markets 
near. All cooking was done at the fireplace, there being no stoves, and 
all materials for clothing was carded, spun and woven at home, every 
housewife being proficient as a weaver and spinner, and also as a dress- 
maker and tailor. 

The maiden name of the wife of James Robinson was Sarah Gibson. 
She was born in Wayne county, Georgia, where her father, Jack Gibson, 
was an early settler, and the owner of a large rice plantation which 
he operated with slave labor. Mrs. Delilah (Robinson) Wilson sur- 
vived her husband but a short time, dying May 20, 1892. Thirteen chil- 
dren blessed their union, as follows: Sally; Betty; Jeremiah, the third; 
James, Prank; Alice; Henry; Janie ; Joseph D., the subject of this 
sketch; Mary; Robert E. L. ; Lillie; and Thomas Jackson. 

Educated in the public schools of Brooks county, Joseph D. Wilson 
remained on the home farm until 1885, assisting in its labors. The soil 
having no particular attractions for him, he then began his mercantile 
career in Quitman, for three years being employed as a clerk. Embark- 
ing in business for himself as a haberdasher in 1888, Mr. Wilson has 
since built up an extensive and remunerative trade in Quitman and the 
sin-rounding country, being liberally patronized by the people, who 
have the utmost confidence in him. 

In his political affiliation Mr. Wilson is a Democrat, and active in 
party ranks. He has filled various offices of trust and responsibility, 
for a dozen or more years having been a member of the city council, 
and in 1908 having been elected mayor of Quitman. Fraternally he 
belongs to Shalto Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and to the Royal 
Arcanum. 

Mr. Wilson married in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1902, Daisy M. 
Justus, a daughter of Edwin Justus. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are con- 
sistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Welcome Hope Thomas. Prominent among the active and progres- 
sive agriculturists of Brooks county is Welcome Hope Thomas, who owns 
and occupies one of the most attractive and desirable farming estates 
in the Grooverville district. A native of Florida, he was born, March 
5, 1872, at Clear Harbor Water, of Virginian ancestry, his grandfather, 
Robinson Thomas, having been a life-long resident of Virginia. 

Henry Robinson Thomas, Mr. Thomas's father, was born, reared 
and married in Brunswick county, Virginia. His health becoming 
impaired, he was ordered South, and spent ten years in Florida, dur- 
ing which time he lived in ten different places. Coming to Georgia in 
1874, he settled in Quitman, Brooks county, where he was engaged in 
business as a merchant until his death, in 1880, while yet in the prime 
of life. His wife, whose maiden name was Matilda Catherine Simmons, 
was born in Mecklenburg, Virginia, a daughter of John and Jane Sim- 
mons, who spent their entire lives in the Old Dominion. She now makes 
her home in Brooks county, living with her son AVelcome Hope Thomas. 
To her and her husband seven children were born, namely : Sally W., 
Minnie T., Florida V., Maggie M., Welcome Hope, John R.. and Flo- 
rence C. 

Having completed his studies in the public schools of Quitman, Wel- 
come Hope Thomas was there for four years clerk in a general store. 
Giving up that position, he settled in the Grooverville district, on the 
farm which he now owns and occupies, and for twelve years success- 
fully carried on general farming. Returning then to Quitman, Mr. 
Thomas embarked in mercantile pursuits, and there continued in busi- 



796 SAVANNAH AXD SOUTH GEORGIA 

aess unlil 1908. In that year he .again assumed possession of his own 
farm, and in its management has met with most gratifying results. He 
has now one thousand and fifty acres of land, on which he has made im- 
provements of value, his buildings being commodious and convenient, 
and pleasantly located. Here he carries on farming and stock raising 
in a profitable manner, never being satisfied with less than the best pos- 
sible results. 

Mr. Thomas married, in 1893, Lorena Groover, a daughter of Clin- 
ton D. and Alice (Joiner) Groover, and grand-daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Denmark) Groover. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas are the parents 
of seven children, namely : Herman R., Allie C., Ernest G., Brantly D.. 
Welcome Hope, Jr., Clinton D., and Lorena. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. Politically Mr. Thomas is 
a Democrat, and fraternally he belongs to the Royal Arcanum, and to 
the Knights of Pythias. 

William Marshall. One of the colonial Georgia families is rep- 
resented by William Marshall, of Hahira, Lowndes county, and the 
name has also been closely identified with the development and civic 
progress of south Georgia for a great many years. 

Mr. Marshall was born in Lowndes county, January 13, 1848, and 
was a son of Matthew and grandson of Henry Marshall. Henry Mar- 
shall, a native of Georgia and descended from colonial settlers, moved 
from the northern part of the state to Irwin county, purchasing land 
and settling in a district now included in Berrien county. South Geor- 
gia was then a wilderness, most of the land in state ownership, deer, 
bear and wolves roamed everywhere through the woods, many of the 
Georgia Indians had not yet left and the Florida tribes were still occupy- 
ing their aboi-iginal homes. Hunting parties of Indians often caused 
alarm, and more than once hostile raids were made from across the 
Florida line. A log fort protected every settlement, and there the women 
and children took refuge while the men stood guard or went in pursuit 
of the red foes. In this vicinity and amid such conditions the grand- 
father farmed and raised stock during his active career, and after the 
death of his wife spent the last years of a long life in the home of his 
son Matthew. His death occurred at the age of ninety-six. His first 
wife, the grandmother of William Marshall, was named Sarah McMul- 
len, who was of Scotch ancestry. She died young, leaving four chil- 
dren. There were also several children by the grandfather's second 
marriage. 

Matthew Marshall, who was born in this state and was reared in 
Irwin county, later came to Lowndes county and bought timbered land 
south of the present town of Hahira, where for many years he was 
engaged in general farming and stock raising. Railroads did not pene- 
trate tli is vicinity for many years after his settlement, and he hauled 
his cotton and other products away to market at the nearest Florida 
ports. He was one of the successful men of his time, acquired large 
landed possessions and much stock, and gave each of his children a good 
start in life. Though past military age during the war. in 1864 lie en- 
listed in the reserves and went 1o the defense of Atlanta, serving until 
the end of the war. escaping either wounds or capture. He then re- 
sumed farming and continued it until his death at the age of sixty- 
seven. 

Matthew Marshall married Iluldah Bradford. A native of Irwin 
county, she was a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Griffin) Brad- 
lord. Her father afterwards came to Lowndes county, settling seven 
miles south of Hahira. where he was engaged in farming until the death 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 797 

of his wife, after which he lived at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Marshall. Huldah (Bradford) Marshall died at the age of sixty-seven. 
She reared ten children, whose names were William, Henry, John, Mary, 
Frank, George, Matthew, Sarah F., Edward and Huldah. 

Though only his early boyhood was passed before the war, William 
Marshall remembers when his old home vicinity had not yet emerged 
from its pioneer conditions. Cook stoves had not been introduced when 
he was a boy, and the housewives still carded and spun and wove, and 
his clothing as that of other members of the family was all homespun. 
His early traning gave him habits of industry, and he has never lacked 
that prosperity which is the reward of progressive effort and ability. 
On becoming of age he was given a tract of land which his grandfather 
had formerly owned and on which his uncle had built a frame house. 
There he was engaged in farming until 1893, at which time he sold out 
and bought an orange grove in Sumter county, Florida. He lived there 
until the grove was frozen, and was then engaged in truck farming in 
Dade county, Florida, until 1906, and after a year's residence in Perry, 
that state, he returned to Lowndes county and bought a farm near Ha- 
hira. In 1911 he retired from active pursuits, and has since resided in 
Hahira. 

Though his energies have been devoted to practical business he has 
not failed to discharge the duties of good citizenship. In Lowndes and 
in Dade county, he has given sixteen years of service in the office of jus- 
tice of the peace. In politics he is a Democrat. His father was a char- 
ter member of his Masonic lodge, and Mr. Marshall is likewise a charter 
member of Hahira Lodge No. 346, F. & A. M., and also became a char- 
ter member of the lodge organized at Lauderdale, Florida. 

Mr. Marshall was married in 1870 to Miss Elizabeth Powell, who 
was born iu Telfair county, this state, a daughter of Alexander and 
Elizabeth Powell. Mr. Marshall and wife became the parents of two 
sons, Alexander Hitch and John W. The first married Sally Allen. 
John W. married Jane A. Bellamv, and has one son named Brandt. Mrs. 
Marshall died March 6, 1913. 

Willis H. King and John H. King. Well-known and highly re- 
spected citizens, as well as prominent and progressive agriculturists of 
the Grooverville district, AVillis H. King and John H. King are of pioneer 
stock, being sons of the late James King, who spent the major part of his 
life in this part of Georgia, and grandsons of Willis King, one of the 
very early settlers of that part of Lowndes county that was set off as 
Brooks county. 

Willis King was born, reared, and married in Edgefield district, 
South Carolina. In 1830 he came with his family to what is now 
Hickory Head district. Brooks county, Georgia, crossing the interven- 
ing country with teams, and bringing all of his worldly possessions. 
Southwestern Georgia seemed then one vast forest, the clearing of the 
few settlers being few and far between. Wild animals and game of 
all kinds roamed at will, while the Indians proved at times so trouble- 
some and treacherous that it was necessary to build a fort as a place 
of refuge for the women and children when danger was nigh, while 
all of the men of the locality banded together to resist the attacks of 
the savages. The people of those days lived in a primitive manner, sub- 
sisting on the products of their land, game from the forest, or fish 
from the streams. There were then no railroads or near-by markets, 
all trading being done at the gulf ports in Florida. The land at that 
time was nearly all owned by the state, and for sale at prices low 
enough to attract much immigration. Acquiring large tracts of tim- 



798 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

bered land. Willis King cleared a good farm, and here spent the remain- 
der of his life. His wife, whose maiden name was Nancy Williams, 
was born in Edgefield district, South Carolina, and 'died in Brooks 
county, Georgia, at the age of eighty years, outliving him. She reared 
nine children, as follows: Fanny, Mary, Barbara, Mahala, Elizabeth, 
David, James. Wilson, and Willis A. 

Born in 1823, James King was a lad of seven years when he came 
with his parents to Lowndes county, Georgia. As soon as old enough 
to wield an axe or a hoe, he began to assist his father in the clearing 
and improving of a homestead. On attaining his majority, he bought 
of his father land in the Grooverville district, of what is now Brooks 
county, erected a small log cabin, splitting puncheon to cover one half 
of the earth floor, and for a while there kept bachelor's hall. When 
ready to marry, he built a two-story, double log house, and continued 
the arduous task of clearing and improving a farm. For several years 
he had to team all of his surplus produce to either Tallahassee or New- 
port, Florida, the round trip consuming much valuable time. Success- 
ful in his undertakings, he bought land at different times, becoming 
owner of two thousand acres in one body, besides owning outlying 
tracts. He was held in high respect as a man and a citizen, and his 
death, which occurred November 16, 1876, was a loss to the community. 
He married Catherine Brown, who was born in what is now Brooks 
county, Georgia, a daughter of Hezekiah and Eliza (Dixon) Brown, 
natives of Alabama. She passed to the higher life in 1881, having sur- 
vived him nearly five years. She reared three children, namely : Willis 
H., John H., and Nancy. Nancy, now living at Saint James, Louisiana, 
is the widow of Thomas Carter, who at his death left her with four chil- 
dren, namely : Thomas Carter, of Ocala, Florida ; Julia ; Katherine Mae, 
and Mack. During the Civil war James King was detailed to care for the 
families of absent soldiers, but was not called out until sent to the 
defense of Atlanta. 

Willis H. King was born in the Grooverville district, Brooks county. 
October 6, 1852, and as a boy and youth received a practical education 
in the common branches of study. He resided on the old homestead 
with his parents as long as they lived, and at the death of the mother, 
in 1881, succeeded to its ownership. He now owns six hundred and fifty 
acres of land, located in lots sixty-six, sixty-seven, seventy-two and 
twenty-six, and as a general farmer and stock-raiser is carrying on a 
successful and profitable business. He has never married, but after 
living by himself for many years is now a welcome member of his 
brother's household. 

John H. King was born on the parental homestead. December 5, 
185-1, and like his brother was educated in the district schools, and 
taught to work on the home farm. At the time of his marriage he set- 
tled on his present farm of five hundred and forty acres, his land being 
located in lots number sixty-six. sixty-seven, seventy-two. and seventy- 
three. Here he is carrying on general farming with satisfactory pecu- 
niary results, making a specialty of raising cattle and hogs. 

Mr. J. H. King married, in 1876, Bethiah Elizabeth Williams, who 
was born in Fayette county. Georgia, a daughter of Joseph and Sarah 
(Rodgers) Williams. Her grandparents. John and Melinda (Welburn) 
Williams, were born in Virginia, of Welsh parents. Coming to Georgia. 
they located first in Henry county, but subsequently removed to Spauld- 
ing county, where the grandmother died, the death of the grandfather 
occurring later in Brooks county. Joseph Williams. Mrs. King's father. 
enlisted, in 1863, in the Confederate army, and served as a soldier 
until the close of the war. A few years later he removed to Texas, set- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 799 

tling in Ellis county, where the death of his wife occurred. He after- 
wards came back to Georgia to visit, and while here was taken ill and 
died. His wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Rodgers, was born iii 
Fayette county, Georgia, where her parents, Abner and Bethiah 
(Smith) Rodgers, settled on removing from Warren county, their 
birthplace. Bethiah Smith belonged to a family prominent in the his- 
tory of Georgia, her mother before marriage having been a Miss Alex- 
ander, of Virginia. 

Mr. and Mrs. King are the parents of ten children, namely : James, 
Willie, John, Joseph, May, Raymond, Turner, Ralph, Katherine, and 
Jessie. Mr. and Mrs. King are trustworthy members of the Missionary 
Baptist church, and have reared their children in the same religious 
faith. 

Philip T. McKinnon. Reared to the free and independent occupa- 
tion of an agriculturist, Philip T. McKinnon has found his early training 
and experience of much value to him in his chosen work, which he is 
carrying on with unquestioned success, his farm, pleasantly located in 
the Grooverville district, being largely under cultivation, with improve- 
ments of a good, practical, and substantial character. He was born, Octo- 
ber 19, 1851, in Thomas county, Georgia, a son of Angus B. McKinnon. 

His grandfather, Peter McKinnon, a Scotchman by birth, was but an 
infant when left motherless, and very soon after he was brought to 
America by his father, who settled in North Carolina, where he again 
married, and reared a family. Brought up in his new home, Peter Mc- 
Kinnon began his active career as a North Carolina farmer, operating 
his land with slave labor. Late in life he migrated to South Georgia, 
bringing with him his family, live stock, and slaves, and locating in 
Thomas county, where he spent the remainder of his days. 

One of a family of seven children, three sons and four daughters, 
Angus B. McKinnon was born in Rockingham county, North Carolina, 
where he acquired a good education for his times. Adopting a profes- 
sion, he taught school as a. young man in southwest Georgia for a few 
terms, and was so impressed with the future possibilities of this section 
of the country that he went back to his old home and induced his father 
and the family to return with him to this state. He bought land in 
Thomas county, which was then on the frontier, wild beasts and game 
of kinds abounding in the dense forests, which the Indians still claimed 
as their hunting grounds. Energetic and enterprising, he bought several 
different tracts of land in Thomas county, each of which, after he had 
partly improved it, and had erected a fair set of buildings, he sold at 
an advance. At the outbreak of the war between the states, he was too 
old for military duty, but during the last year of the conflict he joined 
the Georgia Reserves, a corps made up of boys and old men. and went to 
the relief of Atlanta. For a number of years after coming to Georgia to 
live, he taught school a part of each year, devoting the remainder of time 
to the care of his land. Disposing of his Thomas county land in 1866, he 
moved to Brooks county, where his death occurred when but sixty-five 
years of age. 

Angus B. McKinnon was twice married. He married first Nancy 
McMullen, who died in early life, leaving him with two children, William 
and Patrick, both of whom served in the Confederate army, Patrick los- 
ing his life while in service. He married for his second wife Lucina 
Deakle, who was born in Emanuel county. Georgia, a daughter 
of Thomas and Wealthy (Cannon) Deakle. pioneers of Thomas county, 
where they settled when she was a child of four years. At her death she 
left several children, namely: Thomas P.. Wealthy Ann, Duncan B., 
Philip T., Leon, Daniel J., and Henry Clay. 



800 SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 

As a boy and youth Philip T. McKinnon attended the district schools, 
and on the family homestead acquired an excellent knowledge of the art 
of farming. Taking unto himself a wife, he left home, ,and bought land 
in Dixie district, and for four yeai's was busily employed in improving 
his property. Selling out then, he bought another tract in the same dis- 
trict, where he lived another four years. Coming then to the Groover- 
ville district, Mr. McKinnon purchased the farm which he now owns and 
occupies, and has since devoted his time and attention to general farming 
and stock-raising, pleasant and profitable branches of agriculture. His 
farm contains two hundred and eighty-six acres of land, on which he 
has made improvements of note, including a comfortable and conven- 
iently arranged set of buildings, which are well located on high ground. 

Mr. McKinnon married, October 6, 1875, Julia D. Beasley, who was 
born in Thomas county, Georgia, a daughter of James and Sarah A. 
(Ramsey) Beasley, and sister of David A. Beasley, in whose sketch, which 
appears elsewhere in this volume, further parental and ancestral history 
may be found. Into the home of Mr. and Mrs. McKinnon five children 
have made their advent, namely : James A., Ellis L., Sally E., Annie L., 
and Ida May. James married Rosa Groover, and they have three chil- 
dren, Esther, Ruth, and Ander. Ellis L. married Lois Rountree. Sally, 
wife of Felix Jarrett, has two children, Farris L. and Edna. Annie is 
the wife of Frank Groover. Politically Mr. McKinnon is an adherent of 
the Democratic party, and religiously both he and his wife belong to the 
Missionary Baptist Church. 

Zadoc Washington Howell. In recording the names and careers 
of those families which have been most prominently identified with the 
material prosperity and social and civic affairs of south Georgia, con- 
siderable space must be given to the Howells and their connections, for 
they were almost at the forefront of the era of development in this part 
of the state, and the individual representatives of the family have never 
failed to give good accounts of themselves in all the responsibilities of 
life. One of the best known of them is Zadoc \Y. Howell, who for many 
years has been one of the large land proprietors and influential citizens 
of the Boston district in Thomas county. 

He was born in the Glasgow district of Thomas county, September 8, 
1849, that date itself being an early one in this history of this vicinity. 
This branch of the Howell family originally resided in North Carolina, 
the grandparents, so far as can be ascertained, having been lifelong resi- 
dents at Snow Hills in that state. Barney Howell, the father of Mr. Z. 
W. Howell, with three brothers, Caswell, Payton and Turner, came to 
Georgia some time in the early forties and all settled in Thomas county. 
This migration was made in the fashion of the time, and several weeks 
were required for the wagons containing the goods of the party to be 
hauled along the long road into Southern Georgia. Thomasville was then 
a hamlet with only one store, and all the surrounding region little better 
than an unbroken wilderness, with wild game in abundance and Indians 
still numerous and protesting against their removal from these hunting 
grounds. For a time after his arrival here Barney Howell, who was then 
a young man, was mail carrier between this neighborhood and Monticello, 
Florida, making the horseback journey with great regularity and going 
via Troupville, which was then the county seat of Lowndes county. He 
later bought a tract of land, heavily timbered, in what is now the 
Glasgow district of Thomas county, and erected the log house in which 
he and his bride commenced housekeeping and in which their son Zadoc 
W. was born. During this period and for a long time afterward the 
absence of railroads compelled the planters to take their produce to dis- 



SAVANNAH AND SOUTH GEORGIA 801 

tant markets, and the father hauled his to Tallahassee. On the return 
trip he brought back such supplies as could not be produced at home 
and such as were then considered among the prime necessities of inv 
port — salt, coffee and sugar. There was but little traffic at the time in 
dry goods, since the women of the household carded, spun and wove the 
cotton and wool into the cloth with which all were then dressed. After 
a residence for some years on the Glasgow tract the father sold and 
then bought in the Boston district, where he lived until his death at 
the age of about seventy. 

Barney Howell married Smitty Ann Mooring, who was also born 
near Wilmington, North Carolina, her father, Henry Mooring, and wife, 
having spent all their lives in North Carolina. Mrs. Barney Howell 
survived her husband by a few years. She reared six children, named 
as follows : Virginia Caroline, Zadoc W., Rebecca Ann, Lizzie, Mary 
and Robert. 

Zadoc W. Howell spent his early years on his father's farm and 
there acquired the training and experience which served him well 
when he began his own independent career. After his marriage, which 
occurred when he was nineteen, he settled on a place of one hundred 
acres which his father-in-law had bestowed upon the young couple, and 
this was the nucleus of the large farm which he still owns and occupies. 
As a farmer he was successful from the start, and from time to time 
has added to his estate until it comprised sixteen hundred acres, one of 
the best farm properties in the county. In addition to his regular pur- 
suits he has for the past twenty-five years conducted a farm commissary. 
He has identified himself with the Farmers Alliance and the Grange, 
and he and his family are members of the Missionary Baptist church. 

In 1868 Mr. Howell laid the foundation of his own home and his 
prosperous career by his marriage to Miss Minerva Cone, who was born 
on the 3d of April, 1848, in Thomas county, with which vicinity her 
family have been identified from the time of earliest settlement. Her 
grandparents, Joseph and Mary Cone, settled in Camden county, Geor- 
gia, towards the close of the eighteenth century, and from there came to 
Thomas county,